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Medal Of Honor Recipients

CIVIL WAR

  • AHEAM, MICHAEL
    Enlisted in: France
    Rank and organization: Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously, PmS. Aheam exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended by his divisional officer for gallantry under enemy fire.

  • ALBER, FREDERICK
    Born: 1838, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Manchester, Mich.
    Date of issue: 30 July 1896.
    Citation: Bravely rescued Lt. Charles H. Todd of his regiment who had been captured by a party of Confederates by shooting down one, knocking over another with the butt of his musket, and taking them both prisoners.

  • ALLEN, JAMES
    Born: 6 May 1843, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 16th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At South Mountain, Md., 14 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Potsdam, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 11 September 1890.
    Citation: Single-handed and slightly wounded he accosted a squad of 14 Confederate soldiers bearing the colors of the 16th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.). By an imaginary ruse he secured their surrender and kept them at bay when the regimental commander discovered him and rode away for assistance.

  • ANDERSON, ROBERT
    Born: 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation. Served on board the U.S.S. Crusader and the Keokuk during various actions of those vessels. Carrying out his duties skillfully while on board the U.S.S. Crusader, Q.M. Anderson, on all occasions, set forth the greatest intrepidity and devotion. During the attack on Charleston, while serving on board the U.S.S. Keokuk, Q.M. Anderson was stationed at the wheel when shot penetrated the house and, with the scattering of the iron, used his own body as a shield for his commanding officer.

  • ARCHINAL, WILLIAM
    Born: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Date of issue: 10 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • ARTHER, MATTHEW
    Born: 1835, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Signal Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: Boston, Mass. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Carondelet at the reduction of Forts Henry and Donelson, 6 and 14 February 1862 and other actions. Carrying out his duties as signal quartermaster and captain of the rifled bow gun, S/Q.M. Arther was conspicuous for valor and devotion, serving most faithfully, effectively and valiantly.

  • ASTEN, CHARLES
    Born: 1834, Halifax, Nova Scotia
    Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning their fire until the Federal ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Although on the sick list, Q.G. Asten courageously carried out his duties during the entire engagement.

  • AVERY, JAMES
    Born: 1825, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, S/man Avery braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen, and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

  • BALLEN, FREDERICK
    Born: 1842, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Adrian, Mich. Date of issue: 6 November 1908.
    Citation: Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

  • BARRY, AUGUSTUS
    Born: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 16th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: Unknown, 1863-65.
    Date of issue: 28 February 1870.
    Citation: Gallantry in various actions during the rebellion.

  • BASS, DAVID L.
    Born: 1843, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, S/man Bass advanced to the top of the sand hill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed and wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark, when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms, and its colors.

  • BAYBUTT, PHILIP
    Born: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 2d Massachusetts Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Luray, Va., 24 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
    Date of issue: 19 October 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • BAZAAR, PHILIP
    Born: Chile, South America.
    Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, O.S. Bazaar bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

  • BEAUFORT, JEAN J.
    Born: France.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 2d Louisiana Infantry.
    Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., about 20 May 1863.
    Entered service: New Orleans, La. Date of issue: 20 July 1897.
    Citation: Volunteered to go within the enemy's lines and at the head of a party of 8 destroyed a signal station, thereby greatly aiding in the operations against Port Hudson that immediately followed.

  • BEDDOWS, RICHARD
    Born: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, 34th New York Battery.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 18 May 1864.
    Date of issue: 10 July 1896.
    itation: Brought his guidon off in safety under a heavy fire of musketry after he had lost it by his horse becoming furious from the bursting of a shell.

  • BEECH, JOHN P.
    Born: 1 May 1844, England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 4th New Jersey Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 12 May 1864. Entered service at: Trenton, N.J.
    Date of issue: 5 June 1894.
    Citation: Voluntarily assisted in working the guns of a battery, all the members of which had been killed or wounded.

  • BEGLEY, TERRENCE
    Born: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 7th New York Heavy Artillery.
    Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Shot a Confederate color bearer, rushed forward and seized his colors, and although exposed to heavy fire, regained the lines in safety.

  • BELL, GEORGE
    Born: 12 March 1839, England.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served as pilot of the U.S.S. Santee when that vessel was engaged in cutting out the rebel armed schooner Royal Yacht from Galveston Bay, 7 November 1861, and evinced more coolness, in passing the 4 forts and the rebel steamer General Rusk, than was ever before witnessed by his commanding officer. "Although severely wounded in the encounter, he displayed extraordinary courage under the most painful and trying circumstances."

  • BIEGER, CHARLES
    Born: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th Missouri Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Ivy Farm, Miss., 22 February 1864.
    Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Date of issue: 8 July 1897.
    Citation: Voluntarily risked his life by taking a horse, under heavy fire, beyond the line of battle for the rescue of his captain, whose horse had been killed in a charge and who was surrounded by the enemy's skirmishers

  • BLACKWOOD, WILLIAM R. D.
    Born: 12 May 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Surgeon, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 21 July 1897.
    Citation: Removed severely wounded officers and soldiers from the field while under a heavy fire from the enemy, exposing himself beyond the call of duty, thus furnishing an example of most distinguished gallantry.

  • BLAGHEEN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1832, England.
    Rank and organization: Ship's Cook, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Blagheen remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • BLUCHER, CHARLES
    Born: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Pa.
    Citation: Planted first national colors on the fortifications

  • BOIS, FRANK
    Born: 1841, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: Northampton, Mass.
    Date of issue: 24 November 1916. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by enemy shellfire that her fate was sealed. Conspicuously cool in making signals throughout the battle, Bois, after all the Cincinnati's staffs had been shot away, succeeded in nailing the flag to the stump of the forestaff to enable this proud ship to go down, "with her colors nailed to the mast."

  • BOQUET, NICHOLAS
    Born: 14 November 1842, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Iowa Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861.
    Entered service at: Burlington, Iowa.
    Date of issue: 16 February 1897.
    Citation: Voluntarily left the line of battle, and, exposing himself to imminent danger from a heavy fire of the enemy, assisted in capturing a riderless horse at large between the lines and hitching him to a disabled gun, saved the gun from capture.

  • BOURNE, THOMAS
    Born: England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman and Gun Captain, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served as captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and while under fire and ramming by the rebel ship Morgan, 24 April 1862. During this action at extremely close range while his ship was under furious fire and was twice rammed by the rebel ship Morgan, Bourne remained steadfast at his gun and was instrumental in inflicting damage on the enemy until the Varuna, badly damaged and forced to beach, was finally sunk.

  • BRADLEY, CHARLES
    Born: 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville. Carrying out his duties through the thick of battle and acting as captain of a 9-inch gun, Bradley consistently showed, "Attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action against the enemy."

  • BRADLEY, THOMAS W.
    Born: 6 April 1844, England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 124th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Walden, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 June 1896.
    Citation: Volunteered in response to a call and alone, in the face of a heavy fire of musketry and canister, went and procured ammunition for the use of his comrades.

  • BRANNIGAN, FELIX
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 74th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 29 June 1866.
    Citation: Volunteered on a dangerous service and brought in valuable information.

  • BRENNAN, CHRISTOPHER
    Born: 1832, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Mississippi during attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and during the taking of New Orleans, 24-25 April 1862. Taking part in the actions which resulted in the damaging of the Mississippi and several casualties on it, Brennan showed skill and courage throughout the entire engagements which resulted in the taking of St. Philip and Jackson and in the surrender of New Orleans.

  • BRINN, ANDREW
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: New York. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during her abandonment and firing in the engagement at Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Remaining under enemy fire for 21/2 hours, Brinn remained on board the grounded vessel until all the abandoning crew had landed. After asking to be assigned some duty, he was finally ordered to save himself and to leave the Mississippi which had been deliberately fired to prevent her falling into rebel hands

  • BRONNER, AUGUST F.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st New York Artillery.
    Place and date: At White Oak Swamp, Va., 30 June 1862. At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862.
    Date of issue: Unknown.
    Citation: Continued to fight after being severely wounded.

  • BROWN, EDWARD, JR.
    Born: 6 July 1841.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 62d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg and Salem Heights, Va., 3-4 May 1863.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Ireland.
    Date of issue: 24 November 1880.
    Citation: Severely wounded while carrying the colors, he continued at his post, under fire, until ordered to the rear.

  • BROWN, JOHN
    Born: 1826, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Brown fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • BROWN, ROBERT
    Born: 1830, Norway.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond in action at Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Cool and courageous at his station throughout the prolonged action. Brown rendered gallant service as his vessel trained her guns on Fort Morgan and on ships of the Confederacy despite extremely heavy return fire. He participated in the actions at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, with the Chalmette batteries, at the surrender of New Orleans and in the attacks on batteries below Vicksburg.

  • BUCKLEY, DENNIS
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 136th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Avon, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 7 April 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 31st Mississippi (C.S.A.).

  • BURBANK, JAMES H.
    Born: 5 January 1838, Holland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Rhode Island Infantry.
    Place and date: At Blackwater, near Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862.
    Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
    Date of issue: 27 July 1896.
    Citation: Gallantry in action while on detached service on board the gunboat Barney.

  • BURGER, JOSEPH
    Birth: Austria.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry.
    Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863. Entered service at: Crystal Lake, Minn. Date of issue: 11 September 1897. Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

  • BURK, E. MICHAEL
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 125th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotslvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Troy, N.Y. Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag, seizing it as his regiment advanced over the enemy's works. He received a bullet wound in the chest while capturing flag.

  • BURK, THOMAS
    Born: 1842, Lewis County, N.Y.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 97th New York Infantry.
    Place and date. At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Harrisburgh, Lewis County, N.Y. Date of Issue: 24 August 1896.
    Citation: At the risk of his own life went back while the rebels were still firing and, finding Col. Wheelock unable to move, alone and unaided, carried him off the field of battle.

  • BURTON, ALBERT
    Born: 1838, England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Wabash in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Advancing gallantly through the severe enemy fire while armed only with a revolver and cutlass which made it impossible to return the fire at that range, Burton succeeded in reaching the angle of the fort and going on, to be one of the few who entered the fort. When the rest of the body of men to his rear were forced to retreat under a devastating fire, he was forced to withdraw through lack of support, and to seek the shelter of one of the mounds near the stockade from which point he succeeded in regaining the safety of his ship.

  • BYRNES, JAMES
    Born: 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville. Carrying out his duties through the thick of battle and acting as captain of a 9-inch gun, Brynes consistently showed "Attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action against the enemy."

  • CAMPBELL, WILLIAM
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Date of issue: 14 August 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.

  • CAREY, HUGH
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 82d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863.
    Date of issue: 6 February 1888.
    Citation: Captured the flag of the 7th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.), being twice wounded in the effort.

  • CARUANA, ORLANDO E.
    Birth: Ca Valletta, Malta.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 51st New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862; at South Mountain, Md., 14 September 1862.
    Date of issue: 14 November 1890.
    Citation: At New Bern, N.C., brought off the wounded color sergeant and the colors under a heavy fire of the enemy. Was one of four soldiers who volunteered to determine the position of the enemy at South Mountain, Md. While so engaged was fired upon and his three companions killed, but he escaped and rejoined his command in safety

  • CASEY, DAVID
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 25th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Northbridge, Mass.
    Date of issue: 14 September 1888.
    Citation: Two color bearers having been shot dead one after the other, the last one far in advance of his regiment and close to the enemy's line, this soldier rushed forward, and, under a galling fire, after removing the dead body of the bearer therefrom, secured the flag and returned with it to the Union lines.

  • CASSIDY, MICHAEL
    Born: 1837, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Displaying great coolness and exemplary behavior as first sponger of a gun, Cassidy, by his coolness under fire, received the applause of his officers and the guncrew throughout the action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • CAYER, OVILA
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 14th U.S. Volunteers.
    Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864.
    Date of issue: 15 February 1867.
    Citation: Commanded the regiment, all the officers being disabled.

  • CHAPMAN, JOHN
    Birth: St. John, New Brunswick.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Maine Heavy Artillery.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Entered service at: St. John, New Brunswick.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • CHAPUT, LOUIS G. Born: 1845, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Severely wounded, Chaput remained at his gun until relieved, reported to the surgeon and returned to his gun until the action was over. He was then carried below following the action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • COFFEY, ROBERT J.
    Birth: Nova Scotia.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 4th Vermont Infantry.
    Place and date: At Banks Ford, Va., 4 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Montpelier, Vt.
    Date of issue: 13 May 1892.
    Citation: Single-handedly captured 2 officers and 5 privates of the 8th Louisiana Regiment (C.S.A.).

  • COHN, ABRAHAM
    Birth: Guttentag, Silesia, Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th New Hampshire Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864; At the mine, Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Campton, N.H.
    Date of issue: 24 August 1865.
    Citation: During Battle of the Wilderness rallied and formed, under heavy fire, disorganized and fleeing troops of different regiments. At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864, bravely and coolly carried orders to the advanced line under severe fire.

  • COLBERT, PATRICK
    Born: 1840, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Commodore Hull at the capture of Plymouth, 31 October 1864. Painfully wounded by a shell which killed the man at his side, Colbert, as captain of the forward pivot gun, remained at his post until the end of the action, braving the heavy enemy fire and appearing as cool as if at mere target practice.

  • COLLIS, CHARLES H. T.
    Born: 4 February 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Colonel, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 10 March 1893.
    Citation: Gallantly led his regiment in battle at a critical moment.

  • CONNOR, THOMAS
    Born: 1842, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Connor charged up to the palisades and, when more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, risked his life to remain with a wounded officer. With the enemy concentrating his fire on the group, he waited until after dark before assisting in carrying the wounded man from the field.

  • CONNORS, JAMES
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 43d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864.
    Date of issue: 6 October 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • COOK, JOHN
    Birth: Hamilton County, Ohio.
    Rank and organization: Bugler, Battery B, 4th U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At Antietam Md., 17 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 30 June 1894.
    Citation: Volunteered at the age of 15 years to act as a cannoneer, and as such volunteer served a gun under a terrific fire of the enemy.

  • COOPER, JOHN
    Born: 1832, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Second award.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Cooper fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • SECOND, AWARD
    Citation: Served as quartermaster on Acting Rear Admiral Thatcher's staff. During the terrific fire at Mobile, on 26 April 1865, at the risk of being blown to pieces by exploding shells, Cooper advanced through the burning locality, rescued a wounded man from certain death, and bore him on his back to a place of safety.
    G.O. No.: 62, 29 June 1865.

  • CORCORAN, THOMAS E.
    Born: 1838, New York.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by shellfire that her fate was sealed. Serving bravely during this action, Corcoran was conspicuously cool under the fire of the enemy, never ceasing to fight until this proud ship went down, "her colors nailed to the mast."

  • COSGROVE, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 40th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Drurys Bluff, Va., 15 May 1864.
    Entered service at: East Stoughton, Mass.
    Date of issue: 7 November 1896.
    Citation: Individually demanded and received the surrender of 7 armed Confederates concealed in a cellar, disarming and marching them in as prisoners of war.

  • CREED, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 23d Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fishers Hill, Va., 22 September 1864. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Date of issue: 6 October 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

  • CROFT, JAMES E.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Allatoona, Ga., 5 October 1864.
    Entered service at: Janesville, Wis. Date of issue: 20 March 1897.
    Citation: Took the place of a gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades by his bravery and effective gunnery, which contributed largely to the defeat of the enemy.

  • CULLEN, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 82d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 22d or 28th North Carolina (C.S.A.).

  • CURRAN, RICHARD
    Born: 4 January 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 33d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Seneca Falls, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 30 March 1898.
    Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to great danger by going to the fighting line there succoring the wounded and helpless and conducting them to the field hospital.

  • DAVIDSON, ANDREW
    Born: 12 February 1840, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 30th U.S. Colored Troops.
    Place and date: At the mine, Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Otsego County, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 17 October 1892.
    Citation: One of the first to enter the enemy's works, where, after his colonel, major, and one-third the company officers had fallen, he gallantly assisted in rallying and saving the remnant of the command.

  • DAVIS, JOSEPH
    Birth: Wales
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 104th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864.
    Date of issue: 4 February 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • DAVIS, THOMAS
    Birth: Wales.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 2d New York Heavy Artillery.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • DELANEY, JOHN C.
    Birth: 22 April 1848, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 107th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Dabney's Mills, Va., 6 February 1865.
    Entered service at: Honesdale, Pa.
    Date of issue: 29 August 1894.
    Citation: Sprang between the lines and brought out a wounded comrade about to be burned in the brush.

  • DEMPSTER, JOHN
    Born: 1839, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Dempster served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well-directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

  • DI CESNOLA, LOUIS P.
    Born: 29 June 1832, Rivarola, Piedmont, Italy.
    Rank and organization: Colonel, 4th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Aldie, Va., 17 June 1863.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: Unknown.
    Citation: Was present, in arrest, when, seeing his regiment fall back, he rallied his men, accompanied them, without arms, in a second charge, and in recognition of his gallantry was released from arrest. He continued in the action at the head of his regiment until he was desperately wounded and taken prisoner.

  • DICKIE, DAVID
    Date of issue: 29 January 1896.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 97th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Gillespie, Macoupin County, Ill. Birth: Scotland. Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • DILGER, HUBERT
    Born: 5 March 1836, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Battery 1, 1st Ohio Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 17 August 1893.
    Citation: Fought his guns until the enemy were upon him, then with one gun hauled in the road by hand he formed the rear guard and kept the enemy at bay by the rapidity of his fire and was the last man in the retreat.

  • DODD, ROBERT F.
    Born: 1844, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 27th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Hantramck, Mich.
    Date of issue: 27 July 1896.
    Citation: While acting as orderly, voluntarily assisted to carry off the wounded from the ground in front of the crater while exposed to a heavy fire.

  • DODDS, EDWARD E.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 21st New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Ashbys Gap, Va., 19 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 11 June 1896.
    Citation: At great personal risk rescued his wounded captain and carried him from the field to a place of safety.

  • DONNELLY, JOHN
    Born: 1839, England.
    Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. Monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, Donnelly braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

  • DONOGHUE, TIMOTHY
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 69th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862.
    Date of issue: 17 January 1894.
    Citation: Voluntarily carried a wounded officer off the field from between the lines; while doing this he was himself wounded.

  • DOODY, PATRICK
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E., 164th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 7 June 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 13 December 1893.
    Citation: After making a successful personal reconnaissance, he gallantly led the skirmishers in a night attack, charging the enemy, and thus enabling the pioneers to put up works.

  • DOOLEN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although knocked down and seriously wounded in the head, Doolen refused to leave his station as shot and shell passed. Calm and courageous, he rendered gallant service throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan despite the enemy's heavy return fire.

  • DORE, GEORGE H.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 126th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: The colors being struck down by a shell as the enemy were charging, this soldier rushed out and seized it, exposing himself to the fire of both sides.

  • DORLEY, AUGUST
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Louisiana Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Mount Pleasant, Ala., 11 April 1865.
    Date of issue: Unknown.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • DOUGALL, ALLAN H.
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 88th Indiana Infantry.
    Place and date: At Bentonville, N.C., 19 March 1865.
    Entered service at: New Haven, Allen County, Ind.
    Date of issue: 16 February 1897.
    Citation: In the face of a galling fire from the enemy he voluntarily returned to where the color bearer had fallen wounded and saved the flag of his regiment from capture.

  • DOUGHERTY, MICHAEL
    Born: 10 May 1844, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Jefferson, Va., 12 October 1863.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 23 January 1897.
    Citation: At the head of a detachment of his company dashed across an open field, exposed to a deadly fire from the enemy, and succeeded in dislodging them from an unoccupied house, which he and his comrades defended for several hours against repeated attacks, thus preventing the enemy from flanking the position of the Union forces.

  • DOUGHERTY, PATRICK
    Born: 1844, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As a landsman on board the U.S.S. Lackawanna, Dougherty acted gallantly without orders when the powder box at his gun was disabled under the heavy enemy fire, and maintained a supply of powder throughout the prolonged action. Dougherty also aided in the attacks on Fort Morgan and in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee.

  • DOW, HENRY
    Born: 1840, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863. Engaging the enemy in a fierce battle, the Cincinnati, amidst an incessant fire of shot and shell, continued to fire her guns to the last, though so penetrated by enemy shellfire that her fate was sealed. Serving courageously throughout this action, Dow carried out his duties to the end on this proud ship that went down with "her colors nailed to the mast."

  • DOWNEY, WILLIAM
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
    Date of issue: 21 January 1897.
    Citation: Volunteered as a member of a boatcrew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

  • DRURY, JAMES
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 4th Vermont Infantry.
    Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 23 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Chester, Vt.
    Date of issue: 18 January 1893.
    Citation: Saved the colors of his regiment when it was surrounded by a much larger force of the enemy and after the greater part of the regiment had been killed or captured

  • DUNPHY, RICHARD D.
    Born: 1840, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York.
    Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, Dunphy performed his duties with skill and courage throughout this fierce engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

  • EDWARDS, DAVID
    Birth: Wales, England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 146th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Sangersfield, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • ELLIS, WILLIAM
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry.
    Place and date: At, Ark., 14 January 1865.
    Entered service at: Little Rock, Ark.
    Date of issue: 8 March 1865.
    Citation: Remained at his post after receiving three wounds, and only retired, by his commanding officer's orders, after being wounded the fourth time.

  • ENDERLIN, RICHARD
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Musician, Company B, 73d Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1-3 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Chillicothe, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 11 September 1897.
    Citation: Voluntarily took a rifle and served as a soldier in the ranks during the first and second days of the battle. Voluntarily and at his own imminent peril went into the enemy's lines at night and, under a sharp fire, rescued a wounded comrade.

  • ENGLISH, EDMUND
    Born: 16 November 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company C, 2d New Jersey Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
    Date of issue: 13 February 1891.
    Citation: During a rout and while under orders to retreat seized the colors, rallied the men, and drove the enemy back.

  • ERICKSON, JOHN P.
    Birth: London, England.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Erickson was so severely wounded in the assault upon Fort Fisher that he was sent to the hospital at Portsmouth, Va. Erickson was recommended for his gallantry, skill, and coolness in action while under the fire of the enemy.

  • EVANS, THOMAS
    Birth: Wales
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Cambria County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 26 November 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 45th Virginia (C.S.A.)

  • FALLON, THOMAS T.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 37th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Fair Oaks, Va., 30-31 May 1862. At Big Shanty, Ga., 14-15 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Freehold, N.J.
    Date of issue: 13 February 1891.
    Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., assisted in driving rebel skirmishers to their main line. Participated in action, at Fair Oaks, Va., though excused from duty because of disability. In a charge with his company at Big Shanty, Ga., was the first man on the enemy's works.

  • FARQUHAR, JOHN M.
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 89th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Scotland.
    Date of issue: 6 August 1902.
    Citation: When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.

  • FARRELL, EDWARD
    Born: 1833, Saratoga, N.Y.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Owasco during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862. Stationed at the masthead during these operations, Farrell observed and reported the effect of the fire of our guns in such a manner as to make his intelligence, coolness and capacity conspicuous.

  • FESQ, FRANK
    Born: 4 April 1840, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 40th New Jersey Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 18th North Carolina (C.S.A.) within the enemy's works.

  • FITZPATRICK, THOMAS
    Born: 1837, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As captain of the No. 1 gun on board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford, during action against rebel gunboats, the ram Tennessee and Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although struck several times in the face by splinters, and with his gun disabled when a shell burst between the 2 forward 9-inch guns, killing and wounding 15 men, Fitzpatrick, within a few minutes, had the gun in working order again with new track, breeching and side tackle, had sent the wounded below, cleared the area of other casualties, and was fighting his gun as before. He served as an inspiration to the members of his crew and contributed to the success of the action in which the Tennessee was captured.

  • FLOOD, THOMAS
    Born: 1840, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boy, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pensacola in the attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and at the taking of new Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Swept from the bridge by a shell which wounded the signal quartermaster, Flood returned to the bridge after assisting the wounded man below and taking over his duties, "Performed them with coolness, exactitude and the fidelity of a veteran seaman. His intelligence and character cannot be spoken of too warmly."

  • FLYNN, CHRISTOPHER
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 14th Connecticut Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Sprague, Conn.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 52d North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.)

  • FORD, GEORGE W.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company E, 88th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • FOUT, FREDERICK W.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 15th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery.
    Place and date: Near Harpers Ferry, W. Va., 15 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Indianapolis, Ind.
    Date of issue: 2 November 1896.
    Citation: Voluntarily gathered the men of the battery together, remanned the guns, which had been ordered abandoned by an officer, opened fire, and kept up the same on the enemy until after the surrender.

  • FOX, HENRY
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 106th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: Near Jackson, Tenn., 23 December 1862.
    Entered service at: Lincoln, Ill.
    Date of issue: 16 May 1899.
    Citation: When his command was surrounded by a greatly superior force, voluntarily left the shelter of the breastworks, crossed an open railway trestle under a concentrated fire from the enemy, made his way out and secured reinforcements for the relief of his command.

  • FRANTZ, JOSEPH
    Birth: France.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 83d Indiana Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 2,2 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Osgood, Ind.
    Date of issue: 13 August 1894.
    Citation. Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • FRASER (FRAZIER), WILLIAM W.
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 97th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Alton, Madison County, Ill.
    Date of issue: 24 October 1895.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • FREEMAN, MARTIN
    Born: 18 May 1814, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Pilot, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: Louisiana. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As pilot of the flagship, U.S.S. Hartford, during action against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, Freeman calmly remained at his station in the maintop and skillfully piloted the ships into the bay. He rendered gallant service throughout the prolonged battle in which the rebel gunboats were captured or driven off, the prize ram Tennessee forced to surrender, and the fort successfully attacked.

  • FREY, FRANZ
    Birth: Switzerland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 37th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Cleveland, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 14 August 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • FUGER, FREDERICK
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Date of issue: 24 August 1897.
    Citation: All the officers of his battery having been killed or wounded and five of its guns disabled in Pickett's assault, he succeeded to the command and fought the remaining gun with most distinguished gallantry until the battery was ordered withdrawn.

  • GARDNER, WILLIAM
    Born: 1832, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Calena in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Serving gallantly during this fierce battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan. Gardner behaved with conspicuous coolness under the fire of the enemy.

  • GARRETT, WILLIAM
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 41st Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864.
    Date of issue: 24 February 1865.
    Citation: With several companions dashed forward, the first to enter the enemy's works, taking possession of 4 pieces of artillery and captured the flag of the 13th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • *GASSON, RICHARD
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 47th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Date of issue: 6 April 1865.
    Citation: Fell dead while planting the colors of his regiment on the enemy's works.

  • GESCHWIND, NICHOLAS
    Birth: France.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 116th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Pleasant Hill, Ill.
    Date of issue: 24 August 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • GILMORE, JOHN C.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Major, 16th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Potsdam, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 October 1892.
    Citation: Seized the colors of his regiment and gallantly rallied his men under a very severe fire.

  • GINLEY, PATRICK
    Born: 22 December 1822, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st New York Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Reams Station, Va., 25 August 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 31 October 1890.
    Citation: The command having been driven from the works, he, having been left alone between the opposing lines, crept back into the works, put 3 charges of canister in one of the guns, and fired the piece directly into a body of the enemy about to seize the works; he then rejoined his command, took the colors, and ran toward the enemy, followed by the command, which recaptured the works and guns.

  • GRAHAM, ROBERT
    Born: 1841, England.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.. 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Tacony during the taking of Plymouth, N.C., 31 October 1864. Carrying out his duties faithfully during the capture of Plymouth, Graham distinguished himself by a display of coolness when he participated in landing and spiking a 9-inch gun while under a devastating fire from enemy musketry.

  • GRAY, JOHN
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 5th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Port Republic, Va., 9 June 1862.
    Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 14 March 1864.
    Citation: Mounted an artillery horse of the enemy and captured a brass 6-pound piece in the face of the enemy's fire and brought it to the rear.

  • GREBE, M. R. WILLIAM
    Born: 4 August 1838, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 4th Missouri Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 31 August 1864.
    Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
    Date of issue: 24 February 1899.
    Citation: While acting as aide and carrying orders across a most dangerous part of the battlefield, being hindered by a Confederate advance, seized a rifle, took a place in the ranks and was conspicuous in repulsing the enemy.

  • GREEN, GEORGE
    Born: 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 11th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863.
    Date of issue: 12 January 1892.
    Citation: Scaled the enemy's works and in a hand-to-hand fight helped capture the flag of the 18th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • GRESSER, IGNATZ
    Born: 15 August 1832, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 128th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Lehigh County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 12 December 1895.
    Citation: While exposed to the fire of the enemy, carried from the field a wounded comrade.

  • GRIBBEN, JAMES H.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company C, 2d New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 12th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • GRIFFITHS, JOHN
    Born: 1835, Wales.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts.G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boatcrew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Griffiths bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was one of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

  • GRUEB, GEORGE
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 6 April 1865.
    Citation: Gallantry in advancing to the ditch of the enemy's works.

  • HACK, JOHN
    Birth: 1843, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry. P lace and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Adrian, Mich.
    Date of issue: 3 January 1907.
    Citation: Was one of a party which volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

  • HAGERTY, ASEL
    Birth: Canada
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 61st New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • HALEY, JAMES
    Born: 1824, Ireland.
    Rank and organization. Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to. Ohio. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of a gun during the bitter engagement, Haley exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly commended by his division officer for his gallantry and meritorious achievement under enemy fire.

  • HAMILTON, HUGH
    Born: 1830,Austraila.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Hamilton performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

  • HAMMEL, HENRY A.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery A, 1st Missouri Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Grand Gulf, Miss., 28-29 April 1863.
    Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
    Date of issue: 10 March 1896.
    Citation: With two comrades voluntarily took position on board the steamer Cheeseman, in charge of all the guns and ammunition of the battery, and remained in charge of the same for considerable time while the steamer was unmanageable and subjected to a heavy fire from the enemy.

  • HARBOURNE, JOHN H.
    Born: 9 September 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 29th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
    Date of issue: 24 February 1897.
    Citation: Capture of flag along with 3 enemy men.

  • HARRINGTON, DANIEL
    Born: 1849, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts.
    Citation: Harrington, a landsman from the U.S.S. Pocahontas, participated in a shore mission to procure meat for the ship's crew. While returning to the beach, the party was fired on from ambush and several men killed or wounded. Cool and courageous throughout his action, Harrington rendered gallant service against the enemy and in administering to the casualties.

  • HARRIS, JOHN
    Born: 1839, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 17, 15 January 1866.
    Citation: As captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Metacomet, Harris was a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the officers and crew of the U.S. Monitor Tecumseh, when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864 Harris braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen, and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, thereby eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.

  • HART, JOHN W.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Cumberland, Md.
    Date of issue: 3 August 1897.
    Citation: Was one of six volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil's Den, where a squad of the enemy's sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

  • HARVEY, HARRY
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 22d New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865.
    Entered service at: Rochester, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 26 March 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag and bearer, with two other prisoners.

  • HAVRON, JOHN H.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
    Date of issue: 16 June 1866.
    Citation: Was one of a detachment of 20 picket artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.

  • HAWKINS, CHARLES
    Born: 1834, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.. 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Hawkins served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powderboat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powderboat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

  • HIBSON, JOSEPH C.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 48th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: Near Fort Wagner, S.C., 13 July 1863, Near Fort Wagner, S.C., 14 July 1863; Near Fort Wagner, S.C., 18 July 1863.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 23 October 1897.
    Citation: While voluntarily performing picket duty under fire on 13 July 1863, was attacked and his surrender demanded, but he killed his assailant. The day following responded to a call for a volunteer to reconnoiter the enemy's position, and went within the enemy's lines under fire and was exposed to great danger. On 18 July voluntarily exposed himself with great gallantry during an assault, and received 3 wounds that permanently disabled him for active service.

  • HIGGINS, THOMAS J.

    Birth: Canada
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 99th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Barry, Pike County, Ill.
    Date of issue: 1 April 1898.
    Citation: When his regiment fell back in the assault, repulsed, this soldier continued to advance and planted the flag on the parapet, where he was captured by the enemy.

  • HIGHLAND, PATRICK
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 23d Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 12 May 1865.
    Citation: Conspicuous gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

  • HILL, HENRY
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 50th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864.
    Date of issue: 23 September 1897.
    Citation: This soldier, with one companion, would not retire when his regiment fell back in confusion after an unsuccessful charge, but instead advanced and continued firing upon the enemy until the regiment re-formed and regained its position.

  • HILL, JAMES
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company I, 21st Iowa Infantry.
    Place and date: At Champion Hill, Miss., 16 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Cascade, Iowa.
    Date of issue: 15 March 1893.
    Citation: By skillful and brave management captured 3 of the enemy's pickets.

  • HINNECAN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Second Class Fireman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Hinnegan served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

  • HOFFMAN, HENRY
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company M, 2d Ohio Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • HOLEHOUSE, JAMES (JOHN)
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization. Private, Company B, 7th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Marye's Heights, Va., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Fall River, Mass.
    Date of issue: 10 September 1897.
    Citation: With one companion voluntarily and with conspicuous daring advanced beyond his regiment, which had been broken In the assault, and halted beneath the crest. Following the example of these 2 men, the colors were brought to the summit, the regiment was advanced and the position held.

  • HORNE, SAMUEL B.
    Born: 3 March 1843
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company H, 11th Connecticut Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Winsted, Conn. Ireland
    Date of issue: 19 November 1897.
    Citation: While acting as an aide and carrying an important message, was severely wounded and his horse killed but delivered the order and rejoined his general.

  • HOUGHTON, GEORGE L.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Brookfield, Cook County, Ill.
    Date of issue: 27 March 1900.
    Citation: Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

  • HOWARD, MARTIN
    Born: 1843, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Tacony during the taking of Plymouth, N.C., 31 October 1864. Carrying out his duties faithfully during the capture of Plymouth, Howard distinguished himself by a display of coolness when he participated in landing and spiking a 9-inch gun while under a devastating fire from enemy musketry

  • HOWARD, PETER
    Born: 1829 France.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during the action against Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Running aground during the darkness and in the midst of battle while exposed to a devastating fire from enemy shore batteries, the Mississippi was ordered abandoned after a long and desperate attempt to free her. Serving courageously throughout this period in which a steady fire was kept up against the enemy until the ship was enveloped in flames and abandoned. Howard acted gallantly in his duties as boatswain's mate. Soon after the firing of the Mississippi and its abandonment, it was seen to slide off the shoal, drift downstream and explode, leaving no possibility of its falling into enemy hands.

  • HUDSON, MICHAEL
    Born: 1834, Sligo County, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked the decks, Sgt. Hudson fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee

  • HYLAND, JOHN
    Born: 1819, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Signal which was attacked by field batteries and sharpshooters and destroyed in Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning their fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Although wounded, Hyland courageously went in full view of several hundred sharpshooters and let go the anchor, and again to slip the cable, when he was again wounded by the raking enemy fire.

  • IRLAM, JOSEPH
    Born: 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Stationed at the wheel on board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. When heavy enemy fire struck down several men at their guns and replacements were not available, Irlam voluntarily released 2 men who were stationed with him and carried on at the wheel with the assistance of only one of the crew throughout the furious battle.

  • IRVING, THOMAS
    Born: 1842, England.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. Rowing the small boat which was used in the hazardous task of transferring hawsers from the Lehigh to the Nahant. Irving twice succeeded in making the trip, while under severe fire from the enemy, only to find that each had been in vain when the hawsers were cut by hostile fire and chaffing.

  • IRWIN, NICHOLAS
    Born: 1833, Denmark.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Irwin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • IRWIN, PATRICK
    Born: 1839, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 14th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: At Jonesboro, Ga., 1 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Ann Arbor, Mich.
    Date of issue: 28 April 1896.
    Citation: In a charge by the 14th Michigan Infantry against the entrenched enemy was the first man over the line of works of the enemy, and demanded and received the surrender of Confederate Gen. Daviel Govan and his command.

  • JARDINE, JAMES
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 54th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 5 April 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.",br>

  • JENNINGS, JAMES T.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 56th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 20 August 1864.
    Entered service at: Bucks County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 55th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • JOHN, WILLIAM
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 37th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chillicothe, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 14 July 1894. Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • JOHNS, HENRY T.
    Birth: Norway.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Hinsdale, Mass.
    Date of issue. 25 November 1893.
    Citation: Volunteered in response to a call and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom ?of a mile in advance of the general assault.

  • JOHNSON, JOHN
    Born: 25 March 1842, Norway.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 2d Wisconsin Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862; Antietam.
    Entered service at: Janesville, Rock County, Wis.
    Date of issue: 28 August 1893.
    Citation: Conspicuous gallantry in battle in which he was severely wounded. While serving as cannoneer he manned the positions of fallen gunners.

  • JONES, ANDREW
    Born: 1835, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as chief boatswain's mate on board the U.S. Ironclad, Chickasaw, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although his enlistment was up, Jones volunteered for the battle of Mobile Bay, going on board the Chickasaw from the Vincennes where he then carried out his duties gallantly throughout the engagement with the enemy which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

  • JONES, WILLIAM
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 73d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 65th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • JUDGE, FRANCIS W.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 79th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., 29 November 1863.
    Date of issue: 2 November 1870.
    Citation: The color bearer of the 51st Georgia Infantry. (C.S.A.), having planted his flag upon the side of the work, Sgt. Judge leaped from his position of safety, sprang upon the parapet, and in the face of a concentrated fire seized the flag and returned with it in safety to the fort.

  • KAISER, JOHN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 2d U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At Richmond, Va., 27 June 1862.
    Date of issue: 2 April 1878.
    Citation: Gallant and meritorious service during the 7 days' battles before Richmond, Va.

  • KALTENBACH, LUTHER
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 12th Iowa Infantry.
    Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864.
    Entered service at: Honey Creek, Iowa.
    Date of issue: 24 February 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag, of 44th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • KAPPESSER, PETER
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 149th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Lookout Mountain, Tenn., 24 November 1863.
    Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 28 June 1865.
    Citation: Capture of Confederate flag (Bragg's army).

  • KARPELES, LEOPOLD
    Birth: Hungary.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 57th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Springfield, Mass.
    Date of issue: 30 April 1870.
    Citation: While color bearer, rallied the retreating troops and induced them to check the enemy's advance.

  • KAUSS (KAUTZ), AUGUST
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 15th New York Heavy Artillery.
    Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of battle flag.

  • KEELE, JOSEPH
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 182d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At North Anna River, Va., 23 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Staten Island, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 25 October 1867.
    Citation: Voluntarily and at the risk of his life carried orders to the brigade commander, which resulted in saving the works his regiment was defending.

  • KEEN, JOSEPH S.
    Born: 24 July 1843, England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 13th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: Near Chattahoochee River, Ga., 1 October 1864.
    Entered service at: Detroit, Mich.
    Date of issue: 4 August 1899.
    Citation: While an escaped prisoner of war within the enemy's lines witnessed an important movement of the enemy, and at great personal risk made his way through the enemy's lines and brought news of the movement to Sherman's army.

  • KEENE, JOSEPH
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 26th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862.
    Date of issue: 2 December 1892.
    Citation: Voluntarily seized the colors after several color bearers had been shot down and led the regiment in the charge.

  • KELLEY, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Second Class Fireman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Ireland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served as second-class fireman on board the U.S.S. Ceres in the fight near Hamilton, Roanoke River, 9 July 1862. When his ship was fired on by the enemy with small arms, Kelley returned the raking fire, courageously carrying out his duties through the engagement and was spoken of for "good conduct and cool bravery under enemy fires," by the commanding officer.

  • KELLY, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 6th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 16 August 1864.
    Date of issue: 26 August 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • KENNA, BARNETT
    Born: 1827, England.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern Kenna fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • KENNEDY, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 2d U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., 11 June 1864.
    Date of issue: 19 August 1892.
    Citation: Remained at his gun, res1sting with its implements the advancing cavalry, and thus secured the retreat of his detachment.

  • KEOUGH, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 67th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Albany, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of battle flag of 50th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.)

  • KERR, THOMAS R.
    Born: 24 April 1843, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Moorfield, W. Va., 7 August 1864.
    Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
    Date of issue: 13 June 1894.
    Citation: After being most desperately wounded, he captured the colors of the 8th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).

  • KLINE, HARRY
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 40th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Syracuse, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of battle flag.

  • KLOTH, CHARLES H.
    Birth: Europe.
    Rank and Organization: Private, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 15 January 1895.
    Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

  • LABILL, JOSEPH S.
    Birth: France.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 6th Missouri Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Vandalia, Ill.
    Date of issue: 14 August 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • LAFFEY, BARTLETT
    Birth:Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.
    Citation. Off Yazoo City, Miss., 5 March 1864, embarking from the Marmora with a 12-pound howitzer mounted on a field carriage, Laffey landed with the gun and crew in the midst of heated battle and, bravely standing by his gun despite enemy rifle fire which cut the gun carriage and rammer, contributed to the turning back of the enemy during the fierce engagement.

  • LANGBEIN, J. C. JULIUS
    Born: 29 September 1846, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Musician, Company B, 9th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Camden, N.C., 19 April 1862.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 7 January 1895.
    Citation: A drummer boy, 15 years of age, he voluntarily and under a heavy fire went to the aid of a wounded officer, procured medical ass1stance for him, and aided in carrying him to a place of safety

  • LESLIE, FRANK
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864.
    Date of issue: 26 August 1864.
    Citation: Capture of colors of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • LLOYD, BENJAMIN
    Born: 1839. England.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Wyalusing and participating in a plan to destroy the rebel ram Albemarle in Roanoke River, 25 May 1864. Volunteering for the hazardous mission, Lloyd participated in the transfer of two torpedoes across an island swamp. Serving as boatkeeper, he aided in rescuing others of the party who had been detected before the plan could be completed, but who escaped, leaving detection of the plan impossible. By his skill and courage, Lloyd succeeded in returning to the mother ship after spending 24 hours of discomfort in the rain and swamp.

  • *LOGAN, HUGH
    Born: 1834, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay, on 30 December 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Logan courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although sacrificing his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.

  • LONERGAN, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 13th Vermont Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Burlington, Vt.
    Date of issue: 28 October 1893.
    Citation: Gallantry in the recapture of 4 guns and the capture of 2 additional guns from the enemy; also the capture of a number of prisoners.

  • LORD, WILLIAM
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Musician, Company C, 40th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Drurys Bluff, Va., 16 May 1864.
    Entered service at. Lawrence, Mass.
    Date of issue. 4 April 1898.
    Citation: Went to the assistance of a wounded officer Iying helpless between the lines, and under fire from both sides removed him to a place of safety.

  • LUDGATE, WILLIAM
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company G, 59th New York Veteran Infantry.
    Place and date: At Farmville, Va., 7 April 1865.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 August 1889.
    Citation: Gallantry and promptness in rallying his men and advancing with a small detachment to save a bridge about to be fired by the enemy.

  • LUDWIG, CARL
    Birth: France.
    Rank and organization: Private, 34th New York Battery.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 18 June 1864.
    Date of issue: 30 July 1896.
    Citation: As gunner of his piece, inflicted singly a great loss upon the enemy and distinguished himself in the removal of the piece while under a heavy fire.

  • LUTY, GOTLIEB
    Birth: Allegheny County, Pa.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 74th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: West Manchester, Pa.
    Date of issue: 5 October 1876.
    Citation: Bravely advanced to the enemy's line under heavy fire and brought back valuable information.

  • MACHON, JAMES
    Born: 1848, England.
    Rank and organization: Boy, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Machon remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • MACK, ALEXANDER
    Born: 1836, Holland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although wounded and sent below for treatment, Mack immediately returned to his post and took charge of his gun and, as heavy enemy return fire continued to fall, performed his duties with skill and courage until he was again wounded and totally disabled.

  • MADDEN, MICHAEL
    Born: 28 September 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 42d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Masons Island, Md., 3 September 1861. Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 22 March 1898.
    Citation: Assisted a wounded comrade to the riverbank and, under heavy fire of the enemy, swam with him across a branch of the Potomac to the Union lines.

  • MADDEN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1843, England.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during the successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Stationed in the immediate vicinity of the shell whips, which were twice cleared of men by bursting shells, Madden remained steadfast at his post and performed his duties in the powder division throughout the furious action which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • MANDY, HARRY J.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company B, 4th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Front Royal, Va., 15 August 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 26 August 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • MANGAM, RICHARD C.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 148th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 21 September 1888.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 8th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • MARTIN, EDWARD S.
    Born: 1840, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Calena during the attack on enemy forts at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Securely lashed to the side of the Oneida which had suffered the loss of her steering apparatus and an explosion of her boiler from enemy fire, the Calena aided the stricken vessel past the enemy forts to safety. Despite heavy damage to his ship from raking enemy fire, Martin performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the action.

  • MARTIN, GEORGE
    (Service rendered under name of Martin Schwenk.)

  • MARTIN, JAMES
    Born: 1826, Derry, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.

    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Martin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • MARTIN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1842, Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Serving as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Benton during the attack on Haines Bluff, Yazoo River, 27 December 1862. Taking part in the hour_and_a_half engagement with the enemy, who had the dead range of the vessel and was punishing her with heavy fire, Martin served courageously throughout the battle until the Benton was ordered to withdraw.

  • MARTIN, WILLIAM
    Born: 1839, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862. His ship was taken under furious fire by the rebel Morgan and severely damaged by ramming. Steadfast at his station through the thickest of the fight, Martin inflicted damage on the enemy, remaining cool and courageous although the Varuna, so badly damaged that she was forced to beach, was finally sunk

  • MATHEWS, WILLIAM H.
    Baltimore, Md.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 2d Maryland Veteran Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864.
    Entered service at:
    Date of issue: 10 July 1892.
    Citation: Finding himself among a squad of Confederates, he fired into them, killing 1, and was himself wounded, but succeeded in bringing in a sergeant and 2 men of the 17th South Carolina Regiment (C.S.A.) as prisoners. Enlisted in 1861 at Baltimore, Md., under the name Henry Sivel, and original Medal of Honor issued under that name. A new medal was issued in 1900 under true name, William H Mathew.)

  • McADAMS, PETER
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 98th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Salem Heights, Va., 3 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 April 1898.
    Citation: Went 250 yards in front of his regiment toward the position of the enemy and under fire brought within the lines a wounded and unconscious comrade.

  • McANALLY, CHARLES
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company D, 69th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 2 August 1897.
    Citation: In a hand_to_hand encounter with the enemy captured a flag, was wounded in the act, but continued on duty until he received a second wound.

  • McCARREN, BERNARD
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st Delaware Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Wilmington, Del.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • McCORMlCK, MICHAEL
    Born: 1833, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, the U.S.S. Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning the fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Serving as gun captain and wounded early in the battle, McCormick bravely stood by his gun in the face of the enemy fire until ordered to withdraw.

  • McDONALD, JOHN
    Born: 1817, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 11 , 3 April 1 863.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb, Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the U.S.S. Baron De Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age, and the Scotland, sunk on a bar where they were ordered burned. Continuing up the river, she was fired on but, upon returning the fire, caused the enemy's retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, McDonald, as boatswain's mate, "distinguished himself in the various actions."

  • McENROE, PATRICK H.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 27 September 1864.
    Citation: Capture of colors of 36th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • McGOUGH, OWEN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.
    Date of issue: 28 August 1897.
    Citation: Through his personal exertions under a heavy fire, one of the guns of his battery was brought off the field; all the other guns were lost.

  • McGOWAN, JOHN
    Born: 1831, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: McGowan occupied one of the most responsible positions on the U.S.S. Varuna during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in action against the rebel ship Morgan on 24 April 1862. Although guns were raking the decks from behind him, McGowan remained steadfast at the wheel throughout the thickest of the fight, continuing at his station and rendering service with the greatest courage and skill until his ship, repeatedly holed and twice rammed by the enemy, was beached and sunk.

  • McGRAW, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 23d Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 12 May 1865.
    Citation: One of the three soldiers most conspicuous for gallantry in the final assault.

  • McGUlRE, PATRICK
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 15 January 1895.
    Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's work.

  • McHALE, ALEXANDER U.
    Born: 1842, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 26th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Muskegon, Mich.
    Date of issue: 11 January 1900.
    Citation: Captured a Confederate color in a charge, threw the flag over in front of the works, and continued in the charge upon the enemy.

  • MclNTOSH, JAMES
    Born: 1833, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Mclntosh performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

  • McKEE, GEORGE
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Color Sergeant, Company D, 89th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 12 May 1865.
    Citation: Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.

  • McKEEVER, MICHAEL
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Burnt Ordinary, Va., 19 January 1863.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 2 August 1897.
    Citation: Was one of a small scouting party that charged and routed a mounted force of the enemy six times their number. He led the charge in a most gallant and distinguished manner, going far beyond the call of duty.

  • McLEOD, JAMES
    Born: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Foretop, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Captain of foretop, and a volunteer from the Colorado, McLeod served on board the U.S.S. Pensacola during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Acting as gun captain of the rifled howitzer aft which was much exposed, he served this piece with great ability and activity, although no officer superintended it.

  • McMAHON, MARTIN T.
    Born: 21 March 1838, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Captain, and aide_de_camp U.S. Volunteers
    Place and date: At White Oak Swamp, Va., 30 June i862.
    Entered service at: California.
    Date of issue: 10 March 1891.
    Citation: Under fire of the enemy, successfully destroyed a valuable train that had been abandoned and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

  • *McVEANE, JOHN P.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 49th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg Heights, Va., 4 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 21 September 1870.
    Citation: Shot a Confederate color bearer and seized the flag; also approached, alone, a barn between the lines and demanded and received the surrender of a number of the enemy therein.

  • MEAGHER, THOMAS
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 158th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Brooklyn N.Y.
    Date of issue: 6 April 1865.
    Citation: Led a section of his men on the enemy's works, receiving a wound while scaling a parapet.

  • MILLER, ANDREW
    Born: 1836, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: Washington, D.C. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Miller fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • MILLER, HENRY A.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company B, 8th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Decatur, Ill.
    Date of issue: 8 June 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • MILLER, JAMES
    Born: 1835, Denmark.
    Rank and organization. Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864
    Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Acting courageously under the fierce hostile fire, Miller behaved gallantly throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's withdrawal and abandonment of its arms.

  • MILLER, JOHN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 8th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Freemont, Sandusky County, Ohio.
    Date of issue. 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of 2 flags.

  • MILLER, JOHN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 8th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865.
    Entered service at. Rochester, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 26 March 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • MINDIL, GEORGE W.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company I, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 25 October 1893.
    Citation: As aide_de_camp led the charge with a part of a regiment, pierced the enemy's center, silenced some of his artillery, and, getting in his rear, caused him to abandon his position.

  • MOLLOY, HUGH
    Born: 1832, Illinois.
    Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Fort Hindman during the engagement near Harrisonburg, La., 2 March 1864. Following a shellburst which mortally wounded the first sponger, who dropped the sponge out of the forecastle port, Molloy jumped out of the port to the forecastle, recovered the sponge and sponged and loaded the gun for the remainder of the action from his exposed position, despite the extreme danger to his person from the raking fire of enemy musketry.

  • MONAGHAN, PATRICK
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Minersville, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Recapture of colors of 7th New York Heavy Artillery.

  • MONTGOMERY, ROBERT
    Born: 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Afterguard, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Virginia. G.O. No.: 45, 21 December 1864.
    Citation: Montgomery served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

  • MOORE, CHARLES
    Born: 1839, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S. Steam Gunboat Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Wounded in the fierce battle, Moore returned to his quarters until so exhausted by loss of blood that he had to be taken below. This engagement resulted in the enemy's abandonment of his positions, leaving a caisson and one gun behind.

  • MOORE, CHARLES
    Born:Canada.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: 25 March 1862, Gibraltar, England. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as sponger and loader of the 1 l_inch pivot gun of the second division during this bitter engagement, Moore exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by the divisional officer.

  • MORRISON, JOHN G.
    Born: 3 November 1842, Ireland
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Entered service at: Lansingburg, N.Y. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Serving as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Carondelet, Morrison was commended for meritorious conduct in general and especially for his heroic conduct and his inspiring example to the crew in the engagement with the rebel ram Arkansas, Yazoo River, 15 July 1862. When the Carondelet was badly cut up, several of her crew killed, many wounded and others almost suffocated from the effects of escaped steam, Morrison was the leader when boarders were called on deck, and the first to return to the guns and give the ram a broadside as she passed. His presence of mind in time of battle or trial is reported as always conspicuous and encouraging.

  • MORSE, CHARLES E.
    Birth: France.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 62d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 14 January 1890.
    Citation: Voluntarily rushed back into the enemy's lines, took the colors from the color sergeant, who was mortally wounded, and, although himself wounded, carried them through the fight.

  • MORTON, CHARLES W.
    Born: 1836, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Serving as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Benton during the Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1863. Taking part in the hour_and_a_half engagement with the enemy at Drumgould's Bluff, 27 December, Morton served courageously throughout the battle against the hostile forces, who had the dead range of the vessel and were punishing her with heavy fire, until the Benton was ordered to withdraw.

  • MULHOLLAND, ST. CLAIR A.
    Born: 1 April 1839, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Major, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 4_5 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
    Date of issue: 26 March 1895.
    Citation: In command of the picket line held the enemy in check all night to cover the retreat of the Army.

  • MURPHY, CHARLES J.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 38th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.
    Date of issue: 5 April 1898.
    Citation: Took a rifle and voluntarily fought with his regiment in the ranks; when the regiment was forced back, voluntarily remained on the field caring for the wounded, and was there taken prisoner.

  • MURPHY, DENNIS J. F.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 14th Wisconsin Infantry.
    Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 3 October 1862.
    Date of issue: 22 January 1892.
    Citation: Although wounded three times, carried the colors throughout the conflict.

  • MURPHY, JAMES T.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 1st Connecticut Artillery.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865.
    Entered service at: New Haven, Conn.
    Date of issue: 29 October 1886.
    Citation: A piece of artillery having been silenced by the enemy, this soldier voluntarily ass1sted in working the piece, conducting himself throughout the engagement in a gallant and fearless manner.

  • MURPHY, JOHN P.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 5th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862.
    Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 11 September 1866.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 13th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • MURPHY, MICHAEL C.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 170th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At North Anna River, Va., 24 May 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 15 January 1897.
    Citation: This officer, commanding the regiment, kept it on the field exposed to the fire of the enemy for 3 hours without being able to fire one shot in return because of the ammunition being exhausted.

  • MURPHY, PATRICK
    Born: 1823, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York.
    Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Metacomet, during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Murphy performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • MURPHY, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 158th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 30 September 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 15 October 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • MURPHY, THOMAS C.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 31st Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Pekin, Ill.
    Date of issue: 14 August 1893.
    Citation: Voluntarily crossed the line of heavy fire of Union and Confederate forces, carrying a message to stop the firing of one Union regiment on another.

  • MURPHY, THOMAS J.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 146th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • NEIL, JOHN
    Born: 1837, Newfoundland.
    Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Virginia. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Neil served on board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

  • NIBBE, JOHN H.
    Born: 1842, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Peterel during its capture in Yazoo River, 22 April 1864. Standing his ground when a shot came through the stern, raking the gundeck and entering and exploding the boilers, when all the others had deserted the flag, Nibbe assisted in getting the wounded off the guard and proceeded to get ready to fire the ship despite the escaping steam from the boilers at which time he was surrounded on all sides by the rebels and forced to surrender.

  • NOLAN, JOHN J.
    Born: 24 June 1844, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 8th New Hampshire Infantry.
    Place and date: At Georgia Landing, La., 27 October 1862.
    Entered service at: Nashua, N.H.
    Date of issue: 3 August 1897.
    Citation: Although prostrated by a cannon shot, refused to give up the flag which he was carrying as color bearer of his regiment and continued to carry it at the head of the regiment throughout the engagement.

  • NOLL, CONRAD
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 20th Michigan Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Ann Arbor, Mich.
    Date of issue: 28 July 1896.
    Citation: Seized the colors, the color bearer having been shot down, and gallantly fought his way out with them, though the enemy were on the left flank and rear.

  • NUGENT, CHRISTOPHER
    Born: 1840, County of Caven, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Fort Henry, Crystal River, Fla., 15 June 1863. Reconnoitering on the Crystal River on this date and in charge of a boat from the Fort Henry, Orderly Sgt. Nugent ordered an assault upon a rebel breastwork fortification. In this assault, the orderly sergeant and his comrades drove a guard of 11 rebels into the swamp, capturing their arms and destroying their camp equipage while gallantly withholding fire to prevent harm to a woman among the fugitives. On 30 July 1863, he further proved his courage by capturing a boat off Depot Key, Fla., containing 2 men and a woman with their baggage.

  • O'BEIRNE, JAMES R.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 37th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May and 1 June 1862.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 20 January 1891.
    Citation: Gallantly maintained the line of battle until ordered to fall back.

  • O'BRIEN, PETER
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Waynesboro, Va., 2 March 1865.
    Date of issue: 26 March 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag and of a Confederate officer with his horse and equipment.

  • O'CONNELL, THOMAS
    Born: 1842, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford, during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864. Although a patient in the sick bay, O'Connell voluntarily reported at his station at the shell whip and continued to perform his duties with zeal and courage until his right hand was severed by an enemy shellburst.

  • O'CONNOR, ALBERT
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 7th Wisconsin Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gravelly Run, Va., 31 March and 1 April 1865.
    Entered service at: West Point Township, Columbia County, Wis.
    Date of issue: Unknown.
    Citation: On 31 March 1865, with a comrade, recaptured a Union officer from a detachment of 9 Confederates, capturing 3 of the detachment and dispersing the remainder, and on 1 April 1865, seized a stand of Confederate colors, killing a Confederate officer in a hand_to_hand contest over the colors and retaining the colors until surrounded by Confederates and compelled to relinquish them.

  • O'CONNOR, TIMOTHY
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 1st U.S. Cavalry.
    Place and date: Unknown.
    Date of issue: 5 January 1865.
    Citation: Date and place of act not of record in War Department.

  • O'DEA, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 8th Missouri Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Clinton, DeWitt County, Ill.
    Date of issue: 12 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • O'DONNELL, MENOMEN
    Born: 30 April 1830, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company A, 11th Missouri Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. At Fort DeRussey, La., 14 March 1864.
    Entered service at: Illinois.
    Date of issue. 11 September 1897.
    Citation Voluntarily joined the color guard in the assault on the enemy's works when he saw indications of wavering and caused the colors of his regiment to be planted on the parapet. Voluntarily placed himself in the ranks of an assaulting column (being then on staff duty) and rode with it Into the enemy's works, being the only mounted officer present, was twice wounded in battle.

  • O'NEILL, STEPHEN
    Birth: St. Johns, New Brunswick.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 7th U S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 1 May 1863.
    Date of issue: 28 September 1891.
    Citation: Took up the colors from the hands of the color bearer who had been shot down and bore them through the remainder of the battle.

  • ORBANSKY, DAVID
    Birth: Lautenburg, Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 58th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Shiloh, Tenn.; Vicksburg, Miss., etc., 1862 and 1863.
    Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 2 August 1879. ,br> Citation. Gallantry in actions.

  • ORTEGA, JOHN
    Born: 1840, Spain.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Saratoga during actions of that vessel on 2 occasions. Carrying out his duties courageously during these actions, Ortega conducted himself gallantly through both periods. Promoted to acting master's mate.

  • PARKER, THOMAS
    Birth. England.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 2d Rhode Island Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865, at Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Providence, R.I.
    Date of issue: 29 May 1867.
    Citation. Planted the first color on the enemy's works. Carried the regimental colors over the creek after the regiment had broken and been repulsed.

  • PELHAM, WILLIAM
    Born: Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Enlisted in: Nova Scotia. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful actions against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. When the other members of his guncrew were killed or wounded under the enemy's terrific shellfire, Pelham calmly assisted the casualties below and voluntarily returned and took his place at an adjoining gun where another man had been struck down. He continued to fight his gun throughout the remainder of the battle which resulted in the capture of the Tennessee.

  • PESCH, JOSEPH
    Birth: Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Private, Battery A, 1st Missouri Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Grand Gulf, Miss., 28_29 April 1863.
    Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
    Date of issue: 10 March 1896.
    Citation: With 2 comrades voluntarily took position on board the steamer Cheeseman, in charge of all the guns and ammunition of the battery, and remained in charge of the same, although the steamer became unmanageable and was exposed for some time to a heavy fire from the enemy.

  • PETERSON, ALFRED
    Born: 1838, Sweden.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. With enemy fire raking the deck of his ship and blockades thwarting her progress, Peterson remained at his post and performed his duties with skill and courage as the Commodore Perry fought a gallant battle to silence many rebel batteries as she steamed down the Blackwater River.

  • PETTY, PHILIP
    Born: 7 May 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 136th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862.
    Entered service at: Tioga County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 21 August 1893.
    Citation: Took up the colors as they fell out of the hands of the wounded color bearer and carried them forward in the charge.

  • PHINNEY, WILLIAM
    Born: 1824, Norway.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram, Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Serving as a gun captain Phinney showed much presence of mind in managing the gun, and gave much needed encouragement to the crew during the engagement which resulted in the capture of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

  • PHISTERER, FREDERICK
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862.
    Entered service at: Medina County, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 12 December 1894.
    Citation: Voluntarily conveyed, under a heavy fire, information to the commander of a battalion of regular troops by which the battalion was saved from capture or annihilation.

  • PICKLE, ALONZO H.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry.
    Place and date: At Deep Bottom, Va., 14 August 1864.
    Entered service at: Dover, Minn.
    Date of issue: 12 June 1895.
    Citation: At the risk of his life, voluntarily went to the assistance of a wounded officer Iying close to the enemy's lines and, under fire carried him to a place of safety.

  • PLATT, GEORGE C.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Troop H, 6th U.S. Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Fairfield, Pa., 3 July 63.
    Date of issue: 12 July 1895.
    Citation: Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand_to_hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

  • PLATT, GEORGE C.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Troop H, 6th U.S. Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Fairfield, Pa., 3 July 63.
    Date of issue: 12 July 1895.
    Citation: Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand_to_hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

  • PLOWMAN, GEORGE H.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 3d Maryland Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Recaptured the colors of the 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.

  • PLUNKETT, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 21st Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date. At Fredericksburg, Va., 11 December 1862.
    Entered service at: West Boylston, Mass.
    Date of issue: 30 March 1866.
    Citation: Seized the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having been shot down, and bore them to the front where both his arms were carried off by a shell.

  • POWELL, WILLIAM H.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Major, 2d West Virginia Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Sinking Creek Valley, Va., 26 November 1862.
    Entered service at: Ironton, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 22 July 1890.
    Citation: Distinguished services in raid, where with 20 men, he charged and captured the enemy's camp, 500 strong, without the loss of man or gun.

  • POWERS, WESLEY J.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 147th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Oostanaula, Ga., 3 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Virgil, Ill.
    Date of issue: 24 October 1895.
    Citation: Voluntarily swam the river under heavy fire and secured a ferryboat, by means of which the command crossed.

  • PRANCE, GEORGE
    Born: 1827, France.
    Rank and organization: Captain of the Main Top, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite heavy return fire by the enemy and the explosion of the 100-pounder Parrott rifle which killed 8 men and wounded 12 more, Prance as captain of a gun, performed his duties with skill and courage during the first 2 days of battle. As his ship again took position on the line on the 13th, he remained steadfast as the Ticonderoga maintained a well_placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this action the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels

  • PRESTON, JOHN
    Born: 1841, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Severely wounded, Preston remained at his gun throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan, carrying on until obliged to go to the surgeon to whom he reported himself as "only slightly injured." He then assisted in taking care of the wounded below and wanted to be allowed to return to his battle station on deck. Upon close examination it was found that he was wounded quite severely in both eyes.

  • PYNE, GEORGE
    Born: 1841, England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Pyne, although wounded, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

  • QUINLAN, JAMES
    Born: 13 September 1833, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Major, 88th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Savage Station, Va., 29 June 1862.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 18 February 1891.
    Citation: Led his regiment on the enemy's battery, silenced the guns, held the position against overwhelming numbers, and covered the retreat of the 2d Army Corps.

  • RAFFERTY, PETER
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 69th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 2 August 1897.
    Citation: Having been wounded and directed to the rear, declined to go, but continued in action, receiving several additional wounds, which resulted in his capture by the enemy and his total disability for military service.

  • READ, CHARLES A.
    Born: 1837, Sweden
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Ohio. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first sponger of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement, Read exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

  • REID, ROBERT
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Pottsville, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • REYNOLDS, GEORGE
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company M, 9th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 27 September 1864.
    Citation: Capture of Virginia State flag.

  • RICE, CHARLES
    Born: 1840, Russia.
    Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
    Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day, fires were observed still burning at the fort.

  • RICH, CARLOS H.
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 4th Vermont Infantry.
    Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Northfield, Mass.
    Date of issue: 4 January 1895.
    Citation: Saved the life of an officer.

  • RILEY, THOMAS
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st Louisiana Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 4 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 8 June 1865.
    Citation: Captured the flag of the 6th Alabama Cavalry.

  • ROANTREE, JAMES S.
    Born: 1835, Dublin, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Oneida during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks and penetrated her boilers, Sgt. Roantree performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • ROBERTS, JAMES
    Born: 1837, England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
    Accredited to: Virginia. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Roberts served on board the U.S.S. Agawan, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place and the following day fires were observed still burning at the fort.

  • ROBINSON, ALEXANDER
    Born: 1831, England.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as boatswain's mate on board the U.S.S. Howquah on the occasion of the destruction of the blockade runner, Lynx, off Wilmington, 25 September 1864. Performing his duty faithfully under the most trying circumstances, Robinson stood firmly at his post in the midst of a crossfire from the rebel shore batteries and our own vessels.

  • ROBINSON, CHARLES
    Born: 1832 Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Baron de Kalb, Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862. Proceeding under orders up the Yazoo River, the U.S.S. Baron de Kalb, with the object of capturing or destroying the enemy's transports, came upon the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Locklan, Golden Age, and the Scotland sunk on a bar where they were ordered fired. Continuing up the river, she was fired on by the enemy, but upon returning the fire, caused the rebels to retreat. Returning down the Yazoo, she destroyed and captured large quantities of enemy equipment and several prisoners. Serving bravely throughout this action, Robinson, as boatswain's mate, "d1stinguished himself in the various actions."

  • ROBINSON, JOHN H.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Roxbury, Mass.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 57th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • ROBINSON, THOMAS
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 81st Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Tamaqua, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag in a hand_to_hand conflict.

  • ROCK, FREDERICK
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 37th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Cleveland, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 10 August 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • ROSSBACH, VALENTINE
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, 34th New York Battery.
    Place and date. At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Date of issue: 10 July 1896.
    Citation: Encouraged his cannoneers to hold a very dangerous position, and when all depended on several good shots it was from his piece that the most effective were delivered, causing the enemy's fire to cease and thereby relieving the critical position of the Federal troops.

  • RYAN, PETER J.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th Indiana Infantry
    Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864.
    Entered service at: Vigo County, Ind.
    Date of issue: 4 April 1865.
    Citation: With one companion, captured 14 Confederates in the severest part of the battle.

  • SCANLAN, PATRICK
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Spencer, Mass.
    Date of issue: 21 January 1897.
    Citation: Volunteered as a member of a boat crew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

  • SCHILLER, JOHN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry
    Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 6 April 1865.
    Citation: Advanced to the ditch of the enemy's works.

  • SCHMAL, GEORGE W.
    Birth: Germany
    Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Company M, 24th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • SCHMAUCH, ANDREW
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 30th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Date of issue: 9 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • SCHMIDT, CONRAD
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 2d U.S. Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864.
    Date of issue. 16 March 1896.
    Citation: Went to the assistance of his regimental commander, whose horse had been killed under him in a charge, mounted the officer behind him, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and returned him to his command.

  • SCHORN, CHARLES
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, Company M, 1st West Virginia Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Appomattox, Va., 8 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Mason City, W. Va.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag of the Sumter Flying Artillery (C.S.A.).

  • SCHUBERT, MARTIN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 26th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862.
    Date of issue. 1 September 1893.
    Citation. Relinquished a furlough granted for wounds, entered the battle, where he picked up the colors after several bearers had been killed or wounded, and carried them until himself again wounded.

  • SCHUTT, GEORGE
    Born: 1833, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: As coxswain on board the U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout the fierce engagement, Schutt made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously remaining by his gun while under the heavy fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

  • SCHWAN, THEODORE
    Born: 9 July 1841, Germany.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 10th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Peebles Farm, Va., 1 October 1864.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 12 December 1898.
    Citation: At the imminent risk of his own life, while his regiment was falling back before a superior force of the enemy, he dragged a wounded and helpless officer to the rear, thus saving him from death or capture

  • SCHWENK, MARTIN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 6th U.S. Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Millerstown, Pa., July 1863.
    Date of issue: 23 April 1889.
    Citation: Bravery in an attempt to carry a communication through the enemy's lines; also rescued an officer from the hands of the enemy.

  • SCOTT, ALEXANDER
    Birth: Canada.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 10th Vermont Infantry.
    Place and date: At Monocacy, Md., 9 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Winooski, Vt.
    Date of issue: 28 September 1897.
    Citation: Under a very heavy fire of the enemy saved the national flag of his regiment from capture.

  • SEITZINGER, JAMES M.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Worcester, Pa.
    Date of issue: 1 March 1906.
    Citation: When the color bearer was shot down, this soldier seized the colors and bore them gallantly in a charge against the enemy.

  • SEWELL, WILLIAM J.
    Born: 6 December 1835, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Colonel, 5th New Jersey Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Camden, N.J.
    Date of issue: 25 March 1896.
    Citation: Assuming command of a brigade, he rallied around his colors a mass of men from other regiments and fought these troops with great brilliancy through several hours of desperate conflict, remaining in command though wounded and inspiring them by his presence and the gallantry of his personal example.

  • SHAMBAUGH, CHARLES
    Birth: Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 11th Pennsylvania Reserves.
    Place and date: At Charles City Crossroads, Va., 30 June 1862.
    Entered service at: Indiana County, Pa.
    Date of issue: 17 July 1866.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • SHAPLAND, JOHN
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863.
    Entered service at: Ottawa, Ill.
    Date of issue: 30 October 1897.
    Citation: Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

  • SHARP, HENDRICK
    Born: 1815, Spain.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As captain of a 100_pounder rifle gun on topgallant forecastle on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sharp fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of the batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • SHILLING, JOHN
    Born: 15 February 1832, England.
    Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 3d Delaware Infantry.
    Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864.
    Entered service at: Felton, Del.
    Date of issue: 6 September 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.

  • SHIVERS, JOHN
    Born: 1830 Canada.
    Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Pvt. Shivers advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two_thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

  • SHUBERT, FRANK
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 43d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of two markers.

  • SLADEN, JOSEPH A.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 33d Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Lowell, Mass.
    Date of issue: 19 July 1895.
    Citation: While detailed as clerk at headquarters, voluntarily engaged in action at a critical moment and personal example inspired the troops to repel the enemy.

  • SMITH, HENRY I.
    Born: 4 May 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company B, 7th Iowa Infantry.
    Place and date: At Black River, N.C., 15 March 1865.
    Entered service at: Shell Rock Fall, Cerro Gordo County, Iowa.
    Date of issue: 7 September 1894.
    Citation: Voluntarily and under fire rescued a comrade from death by drowning.

  • SMITH, OLOFF
    Born: 1833, Sweden.
    Rank and organization. Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864 Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • SMITH, THOMAS
    Born: 1838, England.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Smith made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

  • SMITH, WILLIAM
    Born: 1838, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as second quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the 11-inch pivot gun of the second division, Smith carried out his duties courageously and deserved special notice for the deliberate and cool manner in which he acted throughout the bitter engagement. It is stated by rebel officers that this gun was more destructive and did more damage than any other gun of Kearsarge

  • SNEDDEN, JAMES
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Musician, Company E, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry.
    Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa.
    Dates of issue: 11 September 1897.
    Citation: Left his place in the rear, took the rifle of a disabled soldier, and fought through the remainder of the action.

  • SPILLANE, TIMOTHY
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 5_7 February 1865.
    Entered service at: Erie, Pa.
    Date of issue: 16 September 1880.
    Citation: Gallantry and good conduct in action; bravery in a charge and reluctance to leave the field after being twice wounded.

  • STACEY, CHARLES
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 55th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863.
    Date of issue: 23 June 1896.
    Citation: Voluntarily took an advanced position on the skirmish line for the purpose of ascertaining the location of Confederate sharpshooters, and under heavy fire held the position thus taken until the company of which he was a member went back to the main line.

  • STAHEL, JULIUS
    Born: 5 November 1825, Hungary.
    Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers.
    Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 4 November 1893.
    Citation: Led his division into action until he was severely wounded.

  • STEWART, JOSEPH
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Maryland Infantry.
    Place and date. At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865.
    Date of issue: 27 April 1865.
    Citation. Capture of flag.

  • STOCKMAN, GEORGE H.
    Birth. Germany.
    Rank and organization. First Lieutenant, Company C, 6th Missouri Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 9 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • STOKES, GEORGE
    Birth. England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864.
    Entered service at: Jerseyville, Ill.
    Date of issue: 24 February 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • STREILE, CHRISTIAN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 1st New Jersey Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J.
    Date of issue: 3 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY
    Born: 1835, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville during various actions of that vessel. During the engagements of the Louisville, Sullivan served as first captain of a 9_inch gun and throughout his period of service was "especially commended for his attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action."

  • SUMMERS, ROBERT
    Born: 1838, Prussia.
    Rank and organization. Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Summers served on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in the attacks on Fort Fisher, 13 to 15 January 1865. The ship took position in the line of battle and maintained a well_directed fire upon the batteries to the left of the palisades during the initial phase of the engagement. Although several of the enemy's shots fell over and around the vessel, the Ticonderoga fought her guns gallantly throughout 3 consecutive days of battle until the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

  • SWANSON, JOHN
    Born: 1842, Sweden.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Swanson bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

  • SWEENEY, JAMES
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st Vermont Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864.
    Entered service at: Essex, Vt.
    Date of issue: 26 October 1864.
    Citation: With one companion captured the State flag of a North Carolina regiment, together with 3 officers and an ambulance with its mules and driver.

  • SWEGHEIMER, JACOB
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 54th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Date of issue: 14 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • >TALLENTlNE, JAMES
    Born: 1840, England.
    Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as quarter gunner on board the U.S.S. Tacony during the taking of Plymouth, N.C., 31 October 1864. Carrying out his duties faithfully during the capture of Plymouth, Tallentine distinguished himself by a display of coolness when he participated in landing and spiking a 9_inch gun while under devastating fire from enemy musketry. Tallentine later gave his life while courageously engaged in storming Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865.

  • TAYLOR, JOSEPH
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 7th Rhode Island Infantry.
    Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 18 August 1864.
    Entered service at: Burrillville, R.I.
    Date of issue: 20 July 1897.
    Citation: While acting as an orderly to a general officer on the field and alone, encountered a picket of 3 of the enemy and compelled their surrender.

  • THACKRAH, BENJAMIN
    Birth: Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 115th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: Near Fort Gates, Fla., 1 April 1864.
    Entered service at: Johnsonville, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 2 May 1890.
    Citation: Was a volunteer in the surprise and capture of the enemy's picket.

  • THIELBERG, HENRY
    Born: 1833, Germany. Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Serving temporarily on board the U.S.S. Mount Washington during the Nansemond River action, 14 April 1863. After assisting in hauling up and raising the flagstaff, Thielberg volunteered to go up on the pilothouse and observe the movements of the enemy and although 3 shells struck within a few inches of his head, remained at his post until ordered to descend.

  • THOMPSON, HENRY A.
    Born: 1841, England.
    Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Minnesota in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Private Thompson advanced partly through a breach in the palisades and nearer to the fort than any man from his ship despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two_thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark, when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors

  • THOMPSON, J. (JAMES) HARRY
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Surgeon, U.S. Volunteers.
    Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862.
    Entered service at: New York.
    Date of issue: 11 November 1870.
    Citation: Voluntarily reconnoitered the enemy's position and carried orders under the hottest fire.

  • THOMPSON, JOHN
    Birth: Denmark.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 1st Maryland Infantry.
    Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865.
    Entered service at: Baltimore, Md.
    Date of issue: 10 September 1897.
    Citation: As color bearer with most conspicuous gallantry preceded his regiment in the assault and planted his flag upon the enemy's works.

  • TOBIN, JOHN M.
    Birth: Ireland
    Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 9th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Malvern Hill, Va., 1 July 1862.
    Entered service at: Boston, Mass.
    Date of issue: 11 March 1896.
    Citation: Voluntarily took command of the 9th Massachusetts while adjutant, bravely fighting from 3 p.m. until dusk, rallying and re_forming the regiment under fire; twice picked up the regimental flag, the color bearer having been shot down, and placed it in worthy hands.

  • TOOMER, WILLIAM
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 127th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 9 July 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • TORGLER, ERNST
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 37th Ohio Infantry
    Place and date: At Ezra Chapel, Ga., 28 July 1864.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1894.
    Citation: At great hazard of his life he saved his commanding officer, then badly wounded, from capture.

  • TYRRELL, GEORGE WILLIAM
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 5th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864.
    Entered service at: Hamilton County, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 7 April 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • UHRL, GEORGE
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Light Battery F, 5th U.S. Artillery.
    Place and date: At White Oak Swamp Bridge, Va.. 30 June 1862.
    Date of issue: 4 April 1898.
    Citation: Was 1 of a party of 3 who, under heavy fire of advancing enemy, voluntarily secured and saved from capture a field gun belonging to another battery, and which had been deserted by its officers and men.

  • URELL, M. EMMET
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 82d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863.
    Date of issue: 6 June 1870.
    Citation: Gallantry in action while detailed as color bearer; was severely wounded.

  • VALE, JOHN
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 2d Minnesota Infantry.
    Place and date: At Nolensville, Tenn., 15 February 1863.
    Entered service at: Rochester, Minn.
    Date of issue: 11 September 1897.
    Citation: Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.

  • VIFQUAIN, VICTOR
    Birth: Belgium.
    Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 97th Illinois Infantry.
    Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Saline County, Nebr.
    Date of issue: 8 June 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • VON VEGESACK, ERNEST
    Birth: Sweden.
    Rank and organization: Major and Aide_de_Camp, U.S. Volunteers.
    Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862.
    Entered service at: New York, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 23 August 1893.
    Citation: While voluntarily serving as aide_de_camp, successfully and advantageously charged the position of troops under fire.

  • WAGG, MAURICE
    Born: 1837, England.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor off Hatteras, 31 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Wagg distinguished himself by meritorious conduct during this operation

  • WALSH, JOHN
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 5th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864.
    Date of issue: 26 October 1864.
    Citation: Recaptured the flag of the 15th New Jersey Infantry

  • WAMBSGAN, MARTIN
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 90th New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864.
    Entered service at: Cayuga County, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 November 1896.
    Citation: While the enemy were in close proximity, this soldier sprang forward and bore off in safety the regimental colors, the color bearer having fallen on the field of battle.

  • WARREN, DAVID
    Born: 1836, Scotland.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as coxswain on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C., 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which lasted 2 days and nights, Warren courageously carried out his duties during this action which resulted in the capture of a mail carrier and mail, the cutting of a telegraph wire, and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy, Warren showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

  • WELCH, RICHARD
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 37th Massachusetts Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Williamstown, Mass.
    Date of issue: 10 May 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag

  • WELLS, THOMAS M.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, 6th New York Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864.
    Entered service at: DeKalb, N.Y.
    Date of issue: 26 October 1864.
    Citation: Capture of colors of 44th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • WELLS, WILLIAM
    Born: 1832, Germany.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: As landsman and lookout on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Wells performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

  • WELSH, EDWARD
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 54th Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 11 May 1894.
    Citation: Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

  • WELSH, JAMES
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 4th Rhode Island Infantry.
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Slatersville, R.I.
    Date of issue: 3 June 1905.
    Citation: Bore off the regimental colors after the color sergeant had been wounded and the color corporal bearing the colors killed thereby saving the colors from capture.

  • WESTERHOLD, WILLIAM
    Birth: Prussia.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 52d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864.
    Date of issue: 1 December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 23d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • WHITE, ADAM
    Birth: Switzerland.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company G, 11th West Virginia Infantry.
    Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 2 April 1865.
    Entered service at: Parkersburg, W. Va.
    Date of issue: 13 June 1865.
    Citation: Capture of flag.

  • WHITE, PATRICK H.
    Born: 1833, Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Captain, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery.
    Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863.
    Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
    Date of issue: 15 January 1895.
    Citation: Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works

  • WILLIAMS, AUGUSTUS
    Born: 1842, Norway.
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault by the fleet on Fort Fisher, on 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and with determination to plant their colors on the ramparts, Williams remained steadfast when they reached the foot of the fort and more than two_thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic. Taking cover when the enemy concentrated his fre on the remainder of the group, he alone remained with his executive officer, subsequently withdrawing from the field after dark.

  • WILLIAMS, GEORGE C.
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Quartermaster Sergeant, 1st Battalion, 14th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862.
    Date of issue: 28 August 1897.
    Citation: While on duty with the wagon train as quartermaster sergeant he voluntarily left his place of safety in the rear, joined a company, and fought with distinguished gallantry through the action.

  • WILLIAMS, PETER
    Born: 1831, Norway
    Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Ironclad Steamer Monitor, Hampton Roads, 9 March 1862. During the engagement between the U.S.S. Monitor and the C.S.S. Merrimack, Williams gallantly served throughout the engagement as quartermaster, piloting the Monitor throughout the battle in which the Merrimack, after being damaged, retired from the scene of the battle.

  • WILLIAMS, WILLIAM H.
    Birth: Hancock County, Ohio.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 82d Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: At Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864.
    Entered service at: Miami County, Ohio.
    Date of issue: 19 June 1894.
    Citation: Voluntarily went beyond the lines to observe the enemy; also aided a wounded comrade.

  • WILLIS, RICHARD
    Born: 1826, England.
    Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.
    Citation: Willis served on board the U.S.S. New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13, 14 and 15 January 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well_directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 January, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night, despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy troops came out of their bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the ceasefire order was given by the flagship.

  • WILSON, CHRISTOPHER W.
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 73d New York Infantry.
    Place and date: At Spotsylvania. Va., 12 May 1864.
    Entered service at: West Meriden, Conn.
    Date of issue: 30 December 1898.
    Citation: Took the flag from the wounded color bearer and carried it in the charge over the Confederate works, in which charge he also captured the colors of the 56th Virginia (C.S.A.) bringing off both flags in safety.

  • WILSON, JOHN
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 1st New Jersey Cavalry.
    Place and date: At Chamberlains Creek, Va., 31 March 1865.
    Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J.
    Date of issue: 3 July 1865.
    Citation: With the assistance of one comrade, headed off the advance of the enemy, shooting 2 of his color bearers; also posted himself between the enemy and the lead horses of his own command, thus saving the herd from capture

  • WOOD, MARK
    Birth: England.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 21st Ohio Infantry.
    Place and date: Georgia, April 1862.
    Entered service at: Portage, Ohio.
    Date of issue: September 1863.
    Citation: One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians), who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

  • WOON, JOHN
    Born: 1823, England.
    Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863.
    Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Pittsburg, Mississippi River, 29 April 1863. Engaging the enemy batteries at Grand Gulf, the U.S.S. Pittsburg, although severely damaged and suffering many personnel casualties, continued to fire her batteries until ordered to withdraw. Taking part in a similar action after nightfall, the U.S.S. Pittsburg received further damage, but receiving no personnel casualities in the latter action. Woon showed courage and devotion to duty throughout these bitter engagements.

  • WRIGHT, ROBERT
    Birth: Ireland.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 14th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Chapel House, Farm, Va., 1 October 1864.
    Entered service at: Woodstock, Conn.
    Date of issue: 25 November 1869.
    Citation: Gallantry in action.

  • WRIGHT, WILLIAM
    Born: 1835, London, England.
    Rank and organization: Yoeman, U.S. Navy.
    Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.
    Citation: Served as yeoman on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C., 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which covered a period of 2 days and nights, Wright courageously carried out his cutting of a telegraph wire and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy at all times, Wright showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

  • YOUNG, BENJAMIN F.
    Born: 1844, Canada.
    Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
    Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864.
    Entered service at: Canada.
    Date of issue: % December 1864.
    Citation: Capture of flag of 35th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).

  • YOUNKER, JOHN L.
    Birth: Germany.
    Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 12th U.S. Infantry.
    Place and date: At Cedar Mountain, Va., 9 August 1862.
    Date of issue: 1 November 1893.
    Citation: voluntarily carried an order, at great risk of life in the face of a fire of grape and canister; in doing this he was wounded.


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