ILW.COM - the immigration portal Immigration Daily

Immigration Daily: the news source for legal professionals. Free! Join 35000+ readers

Home Page

Advanced search


Immigration Daily

Archives

RSS feed

Processing times

Immigration forms

Discussion board

Resources

Blogs

Twitter feed

Immigrant Nation

Attorney2Attorney

CLE Workshops

Immigration books

Advertise on ILW

VIP Network

EB-5

Chinese Immig. Daily

About ILW.COM

Connect to us

Make us Homepage

Questions/Comments


SUBSCRIBE

Immigration Daily

 

Chinese Immig. Daily



The leading
immigration law
publisher - over
50000 pages of free
information!

Copyright
©1995-
ILW.COM,
American
Immigration LLC.

Immigration Daily: the news source for
legal professionals. Free! Join 35000+ readers
Enter your email address here:



< Back to current issue of Immigration Daily < Back to current issue of Immigrant's Weekly

DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES (4th Ed., Rev. 1991)

9 MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS
900.683-010 to 921.683-046

    This category includes occupations concerned with transportation services; packaging and warehousing; utilities; amusement, recreation, and motion picture services; mining; graphic arts; and various miscellaneous activities. Occupations concerned with activities listed above and involving extensive record keeping are found in Category 2. Occupations concerned with hoisting and conveying of logs are included in this category. Other logging occupations are found in Category 4.


90 MOTOR FREIGHT OCCUPATIONS

This division includes occupations concerned with transporting cargo over highways, city streets, or within compounds of industrial, construction, or mining areas, by driving vehicles powered by gasoline, diesel, propane, or related fuels, or electricity.

900 CONCRETE-MIXING-TRUCK DRIVERS

This group includes occupations concerned with driving a truck and controlling a mounted concrete mixer to mix concrete and transport it to construction sites and dumping mixed concrete into chutes leading to forms.

900.683-010 CONCRETE-MIXING-TRUCK DRIVER (construction) alternate titles: batch-mixing-truck driver; moto-mix operator; ready-mix-truck driver; transit-mix operator

Drives truck equipped with auxiliary concrete mixer to deliver concrete mix to job sites: Drives truck under loading hopper to receive sand, gravel, cement, and water and starts mixer. Drives truck to location for unloading. Moves levers on truck to release concrete down truck chute into wheelbarrow or other conveying container or directly into area to be poured with concrete. Cleans truck after delivery to prevent concrete from hardening in mixer and on truck, using water hose and hoe. May spray surfaces of truck with protective compound to prevent adhering of concrete. May assemble cement chute.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

902 DUMP-TRUCK DRIVERS

This group includes occupations concerned with driving a dump truck to transport sand, gravel, coal, and similar cargo.

902.683-010 DUMP-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry)

Drives truck equipped with dump body to transport and dump loose materials, such as sand, gravel, crushed rock, coal, or bituminous paving materials: Pulls levers or turns crank to tilt body and dump contents. Moves hand and foot controls to jerk truck forward and backward to loosen and dump material adhering to body. May load truck by hand or by operating mechanical loader. May be designated according to type of material hauled as Coal Hauler (any industry); Dust-Truck Driver (any industry); Mud Trucker (steel & rel.). May be designated according to type of equipment driven for off-highway projects as Dump-Truck Driver, Off-Highway (any industry).
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 80

903 TRUCK DRIVERS, INFLAMMABLES

This group includes occupations concerned with driving trucks to transport liquid, dry, or gaseous cargoes of inflammable, explosive, volatile, radioactive, or otherwise dangerous material.

903.683-010 EXPLOSIVES-TRUCK DRIVER (ordnance)

Drives specially modified truck to transport explosive material. Loads and unloads containers according to prescribed safety methods and observes safety regulations in transit. Keeps record of materials moved.
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

903.683-014 POWDER-TRUCK DRIVER (ordnance)

Drives specially modified truck to transport gunpowder from freight cars and motor trucks to and from storage magazines and blending houses. Stores kegs, drums, and boxes of various type powders according to prescribed safety methods and follows safety regulations in transit.
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

903.683-018 TANK-TRUCK DRIVER (petrol. refin.; retail trade; wholesale tr.)

Drives tank truck to deliver gasoline, fuel oil, lubricating oil, or liquefied petroleum gas to customers: Drives truck into position to load at filling rack. Opens valves or starts pumps to fill tank. Reads gauges or meters and records quantity loaded. Drives truck to customer's premises. Connects hose to tank and opens valves. Records amount delivered and issues ticket to customer. May attach ground wire to truck. May be designated according to type of fuel delivered as Fuel-Oil-Delivery Driver (petrol. refin.; retail trade; wholesale tr.); Gas-Delivery Driver (petrol. refin.; retail trade; wholesale tr.). May drive trailer truck and be designated Trailer-Tank-Truck Driver (petrol. refin.; retail trade; wholesale tr.).
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

904 TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVERS

This group includes occupations concerned with driving semitrailer or full-trailer trucks to transport cargo.

904.383-010 TRACTOR-TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry) alternate titles: semi-truck driver; trailer-truck driver

Drives gasoline or diesel-powered tractor-trailer combination, usually long distances, to transport and deliver products, livestock, or materials in liquid, loose, or packaged form: Drives truck to destination, applying knowledge of commercial driving regulations and skill in maneuvering vehicle in difficult situations, such as narrow passageways. Inspects truck for defects before and after trips and submits report indicating truck condition. Maintains driver log according to I.C.C. regulations. May assist workers in loading and unloading truck. May transport new automobiles or trucks from manufacturers or rail terminals to dealers and be designated Transport Driver (motor trans.). May drive tractor with two trailers hitched in tandem and be designated Double-Bottom Driver (any industry). May drive tractor-trailer combination to deliver poles for utility and construction companies and be designated Pole-Truck Driver (construction; tel. & tel.; utilities). May work as member of two-person team driving tractor with sleeper bunk behind cab and be designated Long-Haul-Sleeper Driver (any industry). May drive tractor-trailer combination to deliver or spray water and be designated Water-Truck Driver (construction; petrol. & gas) I.
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 81

904.683-010 LOG-TRUCK DRIVER (logging) alternate titles: log hauler

Drives truck, equipped with long-tongued trailer, to haul logs from forest to mill or storage yard: Maneuvers truck into loading position according to signals from loading crew. Fastens chain or cable binders around logs to secure load on trailer during transit. May release binders and start power hoist to dump logs. May assist in loading and unloading logs, using crane hook or cant hook. May raise empty trailer to carrying position on truck bed, using hoist, for deadhead (empty) trip to forest. May steer trailer from cab attached to rear end of log trailer and be designated Trailer Steerer (logging).
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

905 TRUCK DRIVERS, HEAVY

This group includes occupations concerned with driving trucks of 3 tons or greater capacity.

905.483-010 MILK DRIVER (dairy products) alternate titles: milk hauler

Drives insulated tank truck to transport bulk milk between farms, dairies, and commercial establishments: Examines milk to detect sediment or stale odor, and takes sample for laboratory analysis. Observes level gauge of storage tank and computes and records weight of milk in tank. Connects hose and turns valves to pump milk into truck. Washes truck. May clean and sterilize tank. May load and drive refrigerated van to haul cans of milk.
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

905.663-010 GARBAGE COLLECTOR DRIVER (motor trans.)

Drives packer-type truck, dump truck, or truck equipped with hydraulic lifting device to collect garbage and trash, and transports load to disposal area. Records mileage and fuel consumption.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

905.663-014 TRUCK DRIVER, HEAVY (any industry)

Drives truck with capacity of more than 3 tons, to transport materials to and from specified destinations: Drives truck to destination, applying knowledge of commercial driving regulations and area roads. Prepares receipts for load picked up. Collects payment for goods delivered and for delivery charges. May maintain truck log, according to state and federal regulations. May maintain telephone or radio contact with supervisor to receive delivery instructions. May load and unload truck. May inspect truck equipment and supplies, such as tires, lights, brakes, gas, oil, and water. May perform emergency roadside repairs, such as changing tires, installing light bulbs, tire chains, and spark plugs. May position blocks and tie rope around items to secure cargo during transit. When driving truck equipped for specific purposes, such as fighting fires, digging holes, and installing and repairing utility company lines, may be designated Fire-Truck Driver (petrol. & gas); Hole-Digger-Truck Driver (construction; tel. & tel.; utilities); Tower-Truck Driver (tel. & tel.; utilities). When specializing in making deliveries, may be designated Delivery-Truck Driver, Heavy (any industry). May be designated according to type of truck driven as Truck Driver, Flatbed (logging). May be designated according to kind of cargo transported as Water Hauler (logging).
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 81

905.663-018 VAN DRIVER (motor trans.) alternate titles: furniture-mover driver

Loads furniture into van, drives truck to specified destination, and unloads furniture: Drives van to loading point and consults householder on furniture to be moved. Gives directions to VAN-DRIVER HELPER (motor trans.) in moving articles to van. Wraps furniture with blankets to prevent damage. Wraps dishes and fragile items in packing paper and packs them into containers. Loads truck, using dollies and handtruck, distributing weight evenly, forming compact load, and utilizing space. Drives van to destination and unloads cargo. Obtains customers signature or collects payment for services. May service van [GAS-AND-OIL SERVICER (motor trans.)]. May remove window frames and erect block and tackle on house to remove bulky items. May move delicate equipment or instruments for industrial firms. May deliver items such as furniture and large appliances to department store customers and be designated Bulk Driver (motor trans.).
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

905.683-010 WATER-TRUCK DRIVER II (construction; petrol. & gas)

Drives tank truck to transport water for construction projects or to provide water for use in drilling shallow bore-holes on petroleum-prospecting sites. May insert pipe in refilled trenches and other excavations, and operate auxiliary pump on truck to pump water into fill to settle and compact dirt. May drive truck equipped with sprinkling attachment to settle dust on roadways and streets and to saturate flexible base for compaction. May drive truck equipped with trailer [TRACTOR-TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry)].
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

905.687-010 TRUCK-DRIVER HELPER (any industry) alternate titles: driver helper; trucker helper

Assists TRUCK DRIVER, HEAVY (any industry) by performing any combination of following tasks: Loads and unloads vehicles by hand or by use of handtruck or dolly. Pads, stacks, and secures items in position on truck to prevent damage during shipment. Delivers and stacks merchandise on customer's premises and collects payment or obtains receipt for goods. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

905.687-014 VAN-DRIVER HELPER (motor trans.) alternate titles: furniture mover; van helper

Assists VAN DRIVER (motor trans.) in loading and unloading moving van: Wraps dishes and fragile items in paper or corrugated cardboard and packs them in barrels. Rolls up rugs, removes pictures from walls, and loads furniture into van. Arranges articles in truck to form compact load, using ropes and padding to secure goods and prevent breakage. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

906 TRUCK DRIVERS, LIGHT

This group includes occupations concerned with driving trucks of less than 3 tons capacity.

906.683-010 FOOD-SERVICE DRIVER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: food-service agent

Drives truck to deliver refrigerated and electric-warming cabinets containing previously prepared meals to airports, and unloads cabinets into airplanes: Loads cabinets into truck and drives truck to flight field. Maneuvers truck beneath airplane to be loaded and moves truck levers to elevate truck bed to level of airplane door. Unloads cabinets into airplane and connects electrical cords of cabinets to electrical outlets of airplane. Presents billing form to designated airline representative and collects receipt. Loads empty cabinets onto truck and returns them to commissary kitchen.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

906.683-014 LIQUID-FERTILIZER SERVICER (agriculture)

Drives truck to deliver liquid fertilizer to field location and pumps fertilizer into tractor-drawn applicator tank: Drives truck, containing supply tank filled with fertilizer, to area to be fertilized. Couples hose from supply tank to feeder tank mounted on tractor. Opens valves on feed pipes to synchronize flow of fertilizer onto soil with speed of tractor, using pipe wrench. Inspects tanks, hose, piping and couplings for leaks and replaces defective parts, using handtools. Records quantity of fertilizer applied.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

906.683-018 TELEPHONE-DIRECTORY-DISTRIBUTOR DRIVER (business ser.)

Drives automobile or truck to transport telephone directories from central storage facilities to distribution area: Loads vehicle with assigned number of books and drives to distribution district, parking vehicle in convenient or centralized location. Distributes books to TELEPHONE-DIRECTORY DELIVERERS (business ser.) for delivery to residences and business establishments indicated on address lists. May transport TELEPHONE-DIRECTORY DELIVERERS (business ser.) to distribution area. May deliver telephone directories, on foot, after parking vehicle.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

906.683-022 TRUCK DRIVER, LIGHT (any industry)

Drives truck with capacity under 3 tons to transport materials in liquid or packaged form and personnel to and from specified destinations, such as railroad stations, plants, residences, offices, or within industrial yards: Verifies load against shipping papers. Drives truck to destination, applying knowledge of commercial driving regulations and roads in area. Prepares receipts for load picked up. Collects payment for goods delivered and for delivery charges. May maintain truck log according to state and federal regulations. May maintain telephone or radio contact with supervisor to receive delivery instructions. May drive truck equipped with public address system through city streets to broadcast announcements over system for advertising or publicity purposes. May load and unload truck. May inspect truck equipment and supplies, such as tires, lights, brakes, gas, oil, and water. May perform emergency roadside repairs, such as changing tires, installing light bulbs, fuses, tire chains, and spark plugs. May be known in establishment according to type of activity as Crew-Truck Driver (any industry); Insect Sprayer, Mobile Unit (government ser.); Mail-Truck Driver (any industry); Motor-Vehicle-Escort Driver (business ser.); Pick-Up Driver (motor trans.); Service-Parts Driver (automotive ser.); Sprinkler-Truck Driver (any industry).
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

909 MOTOR FREIGHT OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with motor freight transportation.

909.127-010 SAFETY COORDINATOR (motor trans.) alternate titles: supervisor

Coordinates safety traffic program and instructs truck and trailer drivers in matters pertaining to traffic and safety regulations, and care of equipment: Instructs drivers regarding company regulations, penalties for infraction of rules, or safety and conservation measures. Rides with drivers to detect errors in handling cargo or driving vehicle. Patrols highway to detect violation of company regulations by drivers and to observe condition of vehicles and road. Reroutes truck as result of unsatisfactory road conditions. Investigates accidents involving company trucks, questions witnesses and drivers to determine causes of accidents and makes adjustments in accordance with governmental regulatory agencies' and company procedures. Directs transfer of cargo from damaged truck to substitute vehicle to ensure scheduled delivery. Analyzes accident reports obtained from governmental agencies to determine driver's need for additional training. Trains supervisors in such matters as safety and conservation of equipment and driving hazards. Confers with department heads concerning such problems as accident rates and abuse of equipment, and recommends measures to improve safety records and to conserve equipment.
GOE: 11.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

909.137-010 DRIVER SUPERVISOR (motor trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of TRACTOR-TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry) 904.383-010 and TRUCK DRIVERS, HEAVY (any industry) 905.663-014 engaged in operating motor vehicles to haul materials for motor freight company or in off-highway haulage activities at industrial site. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.08.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

909.137-014 GARBAGE-COLLECTION SUPERVISOR (motor trans.) alternate titles: rubbish-collection supervisor; trash-collection supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in collecting garbage and other refuse and transporting refuse to disposal plants or areas. Assigns routes and trucks to workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

909.137-018 TRUCK SUPERVISOR (motor trans.)

Supervises and coordinates workers engaged in loading and transporting machinery and industrial equipment, such as construction machinery, or field drilling and pumping equipment, tanks, vessels, compressors and pumps for chemical plants, refineries and pipeline pump stations: Observes installation of old machinery and equipment or studies sizes and weights of new equipment from bills of lading and other specifications, and plans procedures for dismantling and loading equipment. Trains workers in rigging hoists, and dismantling and loading equipment. May plan transportation route by consulting road and city maps to ensure clearance and load limits of roads, bridges and overhead obstructions, such as power lines and underpasses, utilizing knowledge of state regulations regarding size and weight of loads, traffic speeds, and use of clearance lights. May supervise maintenance and repair of trucks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

909.663-010 HOSTLER (motor trans.) alternate titles: hook-up driver; yard spotter

Drives trucks or tractors at vehicle parking or docking area to move, position, or park trucks or trailers: Drives trucks to and from service department and around dock area for motor freight transportation company. Spots (positions) loaded and unloaded trailers at assigned dock space for unloading or loading, using tractor. Connects loaded semitrailers to tractors for TRACTOR-TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry). May service trucks and tractors [GAS-AND-OIL SERVICER (motor trans.)]. May drive buses along municipal streets to deliver replacement vehicle to operator with disabled vehicle and be designated Bus Driver, Garage (motor trans.).
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

909.687-014 LABORER, GENERAL (motor trans.)

Performs variety of manual tasks around dock area of motor freight transportation company as directed: Sweeps dock area and cleans truck yard, using broom, shovel, and wheelbarrow. May clean interior and exterior of trucks [CLEANER (any industry) II].
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

91 TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This division includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with moving people or materials by means of automotive and railway vehicles, aircraft, freshwater or seagoing vessels, pipes, and pumps. Includes loading bulk materials into conveyances; directing course of carrier; routing materials; minor repair and maintenance of carriers; and related activities.

910 RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with transporting passengers and freight by controlling movement of trains, trolleys, and other railway vehicles; collecting fares from passengers and giving information incidental to driving vehicles; supplying fuel; adjusting alignment of tracks; signaling operational information; physically shifting railway cars in classification yards; cleaning and lubricating equipment; and related activities.

910.137-010 BAGGAGE-AND-MAIL AGENT (r.r. trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading mail and baggage: Coordinates work schedules in accordance with train schedules to ensure that transfer of mail and luggage is completed in allotted time. Assigns duties to workers. Observes workers serving passengers to ensure workers are courteous and helpful. Supervises workers sorting, loading, and unloading sacks of mail. Notifies STATION AGENT (r.r. trans.) I when transfer of mail and baggage has been completed following prescribed rules and regulations. Recommends new methods of transferring mail and luggage onto and from trains. Reviews workflow and production charts to determine need for additional workers.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-014 CAR-CLEANING SUPERVISOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: railroad-car-cleaning supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning railroad freight and passenger cars: Assigns daily work schedules to workers. Requisitions supplies, such as hoses, sponges, brushes, shovels, and cleaning solvents from supply room. Inspects cleaned cars to ensure that interior and exterior are washed, protruding nails removed from floor and sides, holes in floor and sides are covered with boards, doors are securely closed, and for worn out parts of defects on railway cars. Prepares report each day indicating number and type of cars cleaned and ready for use, following ICC regulations, and reports areas needing repairs. When supervising workers engaged in cleaning only passenger cars, may be designated Passenger-Car-Cleaning Supervisor (r.r. trans.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-018 CIRCUS-TRAIN SUPERVISOR (amuse. & rec.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading circus animals and equipment on and off train: Verifies train schedules with train officials to determine when train will be ready to load or unload. Arranges for water supply for animals and disposal of rubbish. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-022 CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: engine supervisor; head switcher; yard supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of switch-engine crew engaged in switching railroad cars within yard of railroad, industrial plant, or similar location to facilitate loading and unloading of cars or making up and breaking up of trains: Notifies YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) of switching orders and, whereby, which cars are to be moved to specified locations of yard, using radio, telephone, verbal, or hand signals. Gives instructions to SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.) to throw track switches and to YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) to couple and uncouple cars. May keep records, number, origin, destination, and cargo of cars switched. May coordinate activities of switching crew from locomotive cab, caboose, or control tower. May assist workers to couple and uncouple cars, throw track switches, or other activities involved in switching railroad cars, as necessary. May supervise workers engaged in maintenance and repair of diesel locomotives and be designated Locomotive-Engine Supervisor (any industry).
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-026 FREIGHT-LOADING SUPERVISOR (r.r. trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading incoming and outgoing freight at railroad stations: Determines number of workers and equipment required to load or unload freight, using information obtained from waybills, other shipping records, and personal experience. Examines each item of freight for size and weight to determine sequence of loading so that maximum amount of freight can be loaded into each car. Gives instructions to MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry) to load freight into cars. Records description of each item of freight and number of car in which it is loaded. Compares items of freight loaded or unloaded with listing on waybill or other shipping records to ensure that all freight is routed to specified destination. Informs adjustment department of damaged freight. May notify railway clerical employee to affix door seal when freight car has been loaded. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-034 ROAD SUPERVISOR OF ENGINES (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: railroad supervisor of engines

Supervises and coordinates activities of train and engine crews on train carrying freight: Measures height and width of special loads to ensure that load limits are in accordance with rules and regulations, and that load will pass through tunnels and over bridges and trestles on scheduled route. Ensures that sufficient number of engines are available to haul load. Notifies LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) of specified speed and route and special stops. Prepares reports at end of run to explain delays or accidents. Explains mechanical and electrical function of engine to workers, using charts and diagrams. Demonstrates operation of locomotive to workers. Observes workers to evaluate their performance in use of locomotive and in their understanding of operating rules and signals. May recommend hiring, firing, and other personnel actions of train and engine crew workers.
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

910.137-038 STATION AGENT I (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: agent-telegrapher; freight and passenger agent

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in selling tickets and checking baggage at railroad station not served by STATION MANAGER (r.r. trans.): Assigns shift schedules to workers to ensure adequate service to patrons. Keeps daily records of attendance. Sells tickets to patrons [TICKET AGENT (any industry)]. Answers inquiries from patrons concerning schedules and departures and arrivals of trains. Requisitions supplies. Relays train orders and messages [TELEGRAPHER (r.r. trans.)]. Inspects buildings to detect maintenance needs. Verifies records of daily ticket sales and cash receipts. May train new employees. May supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in maintaining buildings and grounds of railroad station. May perform duties of EXPRESS CLERK (motor trans.; r.r. trans.).
GOE: 07.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.137-046 YARD MANAGER (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading, transferring, and operating trains and locomotives in industrial yard. May direct workers engaged in handling and storing objects in yard. May direct workers engaged in inspecting and maintaining rolling stock. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.167-010 CAR CHASER (beverage) alternate titles: car spotter

Directs movement of grain-freight cars in plant yard, and selects cars for grain loading: Signals railroad crew and plant workers to move cars in specified sequence to meet grain loading and unloading schedules. Marks or points out cars for use. Walks along tracks on railroad siding to examine empty grain cars to ascertain size, type, and cleanliness. Selects cars for future loading and prepares list of car numbers.
GOE: 05.09.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.167-014 TRAIN DISPATCHER, ASSISTANT CHIEF (r.r. trans.)

Assigns locomotives, cabooses, and crews to trains to obtain most efficient use of equipment and personnel within assigned railroad territory: Determines number of locomotives to be allocated to trains based on type of freight and number and destinations of freight cars to be moved. Assigns locomotives and cabooses to trains and schedules departure and movement of trains on specific tracks and sidings according to ultimate destination of individual freight cars. Schedules and assigns initial, replacement, or emergency crews to trains depending upon available work time of individual crews and purpose of trip. Routes locomotives scheduled for preventive maintenance to destinations in proximity to designated maintenance facility to minimize cost of transfer to service site.
GOE: 05.09.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

910.263-010 RAIL-FLAW-DETECTOR OPERATOR (r.r. trans.)

Operates rail-flaw-detection machine aboard rail-flaw-detector-railroad car to detect defects in railroad tracks and analyzes graphic recording to determine any and type of defect: Synchronizes electronic recording equipment, meters, and other apparatus of rail-detector car or machine, using handtools. Fills container located at base of rail-detector car with paint so that machine will automatically mark section of defective rail. Starts machine and signals worker to operate rail-detector car along tracks. Analyzes graphic recordings to determine type of defects detected and prepares reports on findings. Replaces rolls of sensitized paper and tubes of ink as necessary. Tests electronic components of rail-flaw-detection machine, using tube and circuit tester.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.362-010 TOWER OPERATOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: signal-tower operator

Operates switching equipment in control tower to route train traffic in railroad yard or at switching point, following switching orders, train schedules, and safety regulations: Reads switching orders and schedules of inbound and outbound traffic to ascertain time trains will enter or leave yard, sequence of movement, and tracks on which trains are to be routed. Observes approaching trains and moves switches on control panel to set traffic signals and to activate track switches that regulate traffic. Receives and transmits switching orders by telephone or telegraph. May control track switches and train signals at junction point on rapid-transit or street-railway line and be designated Interlocking Tower Operator (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.363-010 FIRER, LOCOMOTIVE (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: assistant engineer

Monitors locomotive instruments and watches for dragging equipment, obstacles on right-of-way, and train signals during run: Inventories supplies, such as fuel, water, and sand, to ensure safe, efficient operation during run. Inspects locomotive to detect damaged or worn parts. Observes oil, temperature, and pressure gauges on dashboard to ascertain if engine is operating safely and efficiently. Observes track from left side of locomotive to detect obstructions on tracks. Observes train signals along route and verifies their meaning for LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.). Observes train as it goes around curves to detect dragging equipment and smoking journal boxes. Observes signals from workers in rear of train and relays information to LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.). Signals YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) to set handbrakes on cars and to throw track switches when switching cars from train at way stations. Operates locomotive during emergency. May start diesel engine to warm engine before run. May be designated according to kind of locomotive as Firer, Diesel Locomotive (r.r. trans.); Firer, Electric Locomotive (r.r. trans.); or according to type of traffic as Road-Freight Firer (r.r. trans.); Road-Passenger Firer (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

910.363-014 LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.)

Drives electric, diesel-electric, or gas-turbine-electric locomotive, interpreting train orders, train signals, and railroad rules and regulations, to transport passengers or freight: Inspects locomotive before run to verify specified fuel, sand, water, and other supplies. Synchronizes watch with that of CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.) or CONDUCTOR, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.) to ensure departure time from station or terminal is in accordance with time schedule. Receives starting signal from CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.) or CONDUCTOR, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.) and moves controls, such as throttle and airbrakes to drive locomotive. Interprets train orders, train signals, and railroad rules and regulations to drive locomotive, following safety regulations and time schedule. Calls out train signals to FIRER, LOCOMOTIVE (r.r. trans.) for verification of meaning to avoid errors in interpretation. Confers with CONDUCTOR, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.) or traffic control center personnel via radiophone to issue or receive information or instructions concerning stops, delays, or oncoming trains. Observes track to detect obstructions. Inspects locomotive after run to detect damaged or defective equipment. Prepares reports to explain accidents, unscheduled stops, or delays. May lubricate moving parts of locomotive. May drive diesel-electric rail-detector car to transport rail-flaw-detecting machine over railroad and be designated Rail-Flaw-Detector-Car Operator (r.r. trans.). May be designated according to type of locomotive driven as Locomotive Engineer, Diesel (r.r. trans.); Locomotive Engineer, Electric (r.r. trans.); or according to type of traffic assigned as Road Engineer, Freight (r.r. trans.); Road Engineer, Passenger (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

910.363-018 YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: locomotive engineer

Drives switching locomotive within yard of railroad, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location to switch railroad cars for loading, unloading, and makeup or breakup of trains: Reads switching orders received from CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.). Observes traffic signals in yard or in cab and operates locomotive in accordance with railroad rules and regulations. Observes arm or lantern signals from YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) or SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.) and moves controls to drive locomotive backwards or forwards to switch and couple cars. May assist in cleaning and lubricating engine. May talk to CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.) or other yard workers via radio-telephone to give or receive switching information. May be designated according to type of locomotive driven as Locomotive Engineer, Gasoline (any industry). May operate switching diesel engine and be designated Engineer, Remote Control, Diesel (r.r. trans.). When employed by establishment other than railroad to operate switching locomotive at industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location, may be designated Industrial-Locomotive Operator (any industry).
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.364-010 BRAKER, PASSENGER TRAIN (r.r. trans.)

Performs any combination of following duties on passenger train: Inspects equipment, such as couplings, airhose, journal boxes, and handbrakes, to ensure that they function properly. Assists passengers to board and leave train. Places passengers' baggage in rack above seats on train. Answers questions from passengers concerning train rules, station, and timetable information. Turns knobs and pushes switches on control panel to regulate air-conditioning, heating, and lighting on train for comfort of passengers. Sets warning signals, such as flares, flags, lanterns, or torpedoes, in front of and at rear of train during emergency stops to warn oncoming trains. Makes minor repairs to couplings, airhoses, and journal boxes, using handtools. Reports to CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.) any equipment requiring major repair. Collects tickets, fares, and passes from passengers.
GOE: 09.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.367-010 BRAKE COUPLER, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.)

Performs any combination of following duties, working as member of train crew: Inspects couplings and airhoses to ensure that they are securely fastened. Inspects journal boxes to ensure that they are lubricated. Inspects handbrakes on cars to ensure that they are released before run begins. Walks on top of cars and peers down between them to inspect couplings, airhoses, and journal boxes. Sets warning signals, such as flares, flags, lanterns, or torpedoes in front of and at rear of train during emergency stops to warn oncoming trains. Climbs ladder to top of car and turns brakewheel to set car brakes or rides atop car to control its speed when it is shunted. Pulls or pushes track switch to reroute cars during breakup at way stations. Signals LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to start or stop train when coupling or uncoupling cars. Rides in cab of engine or cupola of caboose to observe signals from other crewmembers. Makes minor repairs to couplings, airhoses, and journal boxes. Reports to CONDUCTOR, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.) any equipment requiring major repairs.
GOE: 05.12.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.367-014 CAR DISTRIBUTOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: car supplier; chief clerk, yard office

Selects railroad freight cars according to type and amount of cargo to be transported, and directs railroad train and switching crews by radio, telephone, telegraph, and switch-list to segregate specific empty freight cars from trains, and route them to other railroad divisions or designated shippers, according to information received from TRAIN DISPATCHER (r.r. trans.). Keeps record of all transactions.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.367-018 ENGINE DISPATCHER (r.r. trans.)

Assigns engines to LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS (r.r. trans.) for train runs or for switching operations at railroad yard, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location: Reads train orders or switching orders to ascertain length of run scheduled, type and tonnage of cargo to be transported, or number of switch engines required to complete switching assignments for day. Assigns engine according to size and horsepower and records number and type of engine assigned. Keeps records of number of engines and types of engines available, in use, and in repair or service shops. Notifies HOSTLER (r.r. trans.) when engine can be delivered to switching crew or train crew. When employed by establishment other than railroad, may be designated Dispatcher, Industrial Locomotive (any industry).
GOE: 05.09.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.367-022 LOCOMOTIVE OPERATOR HELPER (r.r. trans.)

Watches for and relays traffic signals from yard workers to YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) in railroad yard, industrial plant, quarry, or other location: Reads switching orders received from CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.) or YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) and confirms them with YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.). Observes signals and traffic in yard from left side of cab in switch engine and relays information to engineer. Signals YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) to set handbrakes on cars or to throw track switches, using arm or lantern signals.
GOE: 05.12.20 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.367-026 PASSENGER REPRESENTATIVE (r.r. trans.)

Accompanies CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.) through train, verifies tickets and seat reservations, and records information, such as number of passengers scheduled to leave train at each stop. Answers passengers' questions and suggests activities and accommodations available at passengers' destination. May assist or relieve CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.) by taking tickets in designated coaches or entire train. May inspect kitchen and dining area to ensure sanitation requirements are maintained. May investigate passenger complaints.
GOE: 09.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.367-030 WAY INSPECTOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: maintenance inspector; track inspector; track supervisor

Inspects railroad roadbed and equipment to detect damage, wear, or defective equipment requiring repair: Observes condition of roadbed from railcar. Stops car and examines switches, fishplates, and rails to detect damaged, worn, or defective equipment, loose bolts, and rotted ties. Manually operates switches to determine that they are in operating condition. Inspects signals and track wiring to determine continuity of electrical connections. Walks along track to observe condition of roadbed, noting looseness of ballast to determine if it requires repacking. Directs section crews to repair or replace defective equipment or to reballast roadbed. Inspects completed work to verify that repairs conform to governmental regulations. Prepares reports, indicating equipment or roadbed in need of repair, location, nature of damage, and repairs made by section crew.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.382-010 CAR-RETARDER OPERATOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: railroad-car retarder operator; retarder operator

Controls track switches and car-retarder system from elevated tower to route and regulate speed of freight cars entering railroad classification yard and couple them to make up trains: Reads switching orders to ascertain routing of cars. Ascertains from YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) number of car to be shunted over hump (rise in yard) into classification yard and compares number with switching orders to determine track to which car should be routed. Observes lights on panelboard that indicate if track switches are open or closed. Notifies YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) when to shunt car and presses button on panelboard that throws track switch to route car onto designated track. Observes car as it coasts down decline of hump and presses button on panelboard that activates retarder (braking device) to reduce speed of car as it reaches end of track or car to which it is to be coupled.
GOE: 05.12.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.384-010 TANK-CAR INSPECTOR (petrol. refin.)

Inspects and repairs refinery tank cars: Examines wheels, bearings, brakes, and safety appliances for defects. Replaces defective brakerod pins, tightens safety appliances, and packs bearings with grease. Examines valves, plugs, and tank seams, and seals leaks, using caulking compound.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.387-010 PERISHABLE-FRUIT INSPECTOR (wholesale tr.)

Adjusts temperature, humidity, and ventilation in railroad cars to control maturing process and minimize spoilage of fruit in transit: Travels with shipment from point of origin to destination, examines fruit, and records dates, time, and conditions of produce at designated points en route. Monitors temperature and humidity gauges, opens or closes car vents, and orders car iced or heaters installed to maintain optimum conditions. Prepares and submits report to consignor at end of trip.
GOE: 05.10.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.387-014 RAILROAD-CAR INSPECTOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: brake inspector; car checker; classification inspector; equipment inspector; journal-box inspector

Inspects railroad cars for structural defects and tests mechanical equipment, such as brakes, airhoses, and couplings to ensure that they are in operating condition: Observes cars from elevated platform or from ground as cars roll by, or climbs aboard train to test equipment and to locate defects. Examines car roofs, ice hatches, brake beams, doors, and floors for structural defects and obstructions. Turns handwheel to test brakes and ascertain that they are in operating condition. Inspects and tests airhoses for leakage. Inspects wheel trucks for dragging equipment. Opens journal boxes to determine that they are filled with grease. Prepares reports on findings, indicating number of car and type of repair required. May inspect electrical circuitry and recommend improvements or repairs to electrical operations. May tag cars in need of immediate repairs. May place lanterns or flags in front and rear of train to warn other workers that inspection is being performed. May inspect locomotives. May be designated according to type of car inspected as Passenger-Car Inspector (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.583-010 LABORER, CAR BARN (r.r. trans.)

Drives streetcars to designated stations in car barn for servicing and storage, according to odometer reading, maintenance charts, and schedule of anticipated car needs: Compares odometer of streetcar with maintenance charts to ascertain if car requires greasing, cleaning, or replacement of equipment, such as motors or compressors. Reads daily car schedule to ascertain number of cars required for next day's run. Drives streetcars to their designated tracks. Records number of cars sent to repair station, servicing needed, and number of units available for use.
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.663-010 TRACK-MOVING-MACHINE OPERATOR (construction; mine & quarry) alternate titles: hydraulic-jack operator; track-laying-machine operator

Operates vehicle that automatically moves and lays track or rails to construct, repair, or maintain railroad tracks or mining car tracks: Drives vehicle over section of track or rail to be moved. Pushes control to close grasping device on track or rail section, raise and move section to specified location. Engages mechanism that lays track or rail to specified gauge.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.664-010 YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.)

Switches railroad cars within yard of railroad, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location to load and unload cars or to make up and break up trains: Receives oral or written instructions from CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.) indicating which cars are to be switched and track assignment. Raises coupling lever to uncouple cars. Signals SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.) to throw track switches and YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to move cars, using lantern or arm signals. Climbs ladder to top of car and turns handwheel to set brakes or to control speed of car when it has been shunted. Connects airhose to cars when making up trains, using wrench. Throws track switches where no SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.) is stationed to shunt cars to different sections of yard. May talk to CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.) or YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) via radiophone to give or receive switching information. May climb onto moving cars to set handbrakes and be designated Car Rider (r.r. trans.). When employed by establishment other than railroad, may be designated Industrial-Yard Brake Coupler (any industry); or according to locomotive involved as Brake Coupler, Dinkey (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.667-010 CAR INSPECTOR (railroad equip.) alternate titles: railroad-car inspector

Inspects railroad cars or streetcars at terminals for damage, such as broken windows, jammed doors, defective locks, worn or damaged seats, and malfunctioning rest room facilities. Notifies train dispatcher if damage requires car to be moved to shop for repair. May make minor repairs.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.667-014 CONDUCTOR (r.r. trans.)

Performs variety of duties on streetcar, subway, suburban or elevated train, or motorbus: Collects fares or tickets from passengers. Issues transfers. Opens and closes doors. Signals operator to stop or proceed. Announces stops. Answers questions of passengers concerning schedules, routings, and fares. Preserves order among passengers.
GOE: 09.05.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.667-018 LOADING INSPECTOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: industrial clerk

Inspects loaded freight cars to ascertain that materials and goods, such as automobiles, lumber, or containers of explosives are securely braced and blocked according to loading specifications. Measures height and width of loads to ensure that they will pass over bridges and through tunnels on scheduled route. Ensures that warning signs are posted on cars containing explosives and radioactive or inflammatory materials. Records discrepancies detected and notifies loading crews to reload cars or insert additional bracing or packing.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.667-022 PERISHABLE-FREIGHT INSPECTOR (r.r. trans.)

Observes loading of perishable goods, such as drug products, fruits, or fish into railroad cars to ensure that loading crews comply with prescribed handling procedures for each type of shipment. Notifies worker or plant manager of special treatment required for unusual shipments. Records description of freight condition and handling activities.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.667-026 SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.)

Throws track switches within yard of railroad, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location to switch cars for loading, unloading, making up, and breaking up of trains: Receives oral or written instructions from CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.), YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) or YARD MANAGER (r.r. trans.). Observes arm or lantern signal from YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.) and relays information to HOSTLER (r.r. trans.) or throws track switch to facilitate shunting of cars to different locations in yard. May couple and uncouple cars for makeup and breakup of trains. May ride atop cars that have been shunted and turn handwheel to control speed of car or stop it at specified position. May wave arm or lantern to signal YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to start or stop engine.
GOE: 05.12.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.667-030 TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR HELPER (railroad equip.; r.r. trans.)

Assists TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR (r.r. trans.; railroad equip.) in moving railroad cars within railroad yard or railroad car manufacturing establishment: Uncouples car, connects towing cable to car, and removes wheel blocks from behind wheels. Determines that tracks are clear and signals TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR (r.r. trans.; railroad equip.) to pull car onto transfer table. Signals TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR (r.r. trans.; railroad equip.) to stop motion of car at designated point, or engages handbrake to stop motion of car, releases cable from car and places wheel blocks behind wheels to prevent motion. May tend switches to start and stop oven that dries freshly painted cars. May signal TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR (r.r. trans.; railroad equip.) to move cars into and out of drying oven.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.677-010 PASSENGER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE II (r.r. trans.)

Stands at gate in railroad or rapid-transit station to admit passengers holding tickets or tokens, or at an exit to prevent unauthorized entrance of passengers. Tears or punches tickets to prevent their reuse. May count tickets to tally number of passengers boarding train. May give passengers and guests boarding passes.
GOE: 09.05.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.683-010 HOSTLER (r.r. trans.)

Drives electric, diesel-electric, steam, or gas-turbine-electric locomotive to designated stations in railroad roundhouse to be cleaned, serviced, or repaired: Receives locomotive from LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) at termination of run. Observes oil, air, and steam pressure gauges and water level to ensure that locomotive is operating efficiently. Pushes or pulls levers to control movement of locomotive. Drives locomotive to various stations in roundhouse to be repaired, cleaned, or supplied with coal, fuel oil, water, lubricating oil, and sand, following instructions from ENGINE DISPATCHER (r.r. trans.). Drives locomotive from roundhouse to switching area and delivers serviced locomotive to engine crew.
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

910.683-014 MOTOR OPERATOR (r.r. trans.)

Drives elevated suburban, or subway train, observing signal system of railroad. Starts, slows, or stops train on signal. May open and close doors.
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

910.683-018 TRACK-SURFACING-MACHINE OPERATOR (construction)

Operates one or more machines mounted on flat-bed railroad trucks to spread, shape, and tamp ballast; raise, level, and align track; and prepare track foundation of crushed stone according to specifications: Moves levers and brake pedal to guide machine into position. Adjusts controls to activate jacks, tampers, and scraper blades. Strings wire guidelines through leveling or aligning fixture. Attaches line to rails or trailer extensions (buggies) coupled to machine to set up equipment. Turns wheels to adjust guidelines for track alignments and grades, following specifications. Observes indicator arms to verify level and alignment of track. When concerned with jack-tamping machine, may be designated Jack-Tamp Operator (construction). May control track-lining machine and be designated Track-Liner Operator (construction). May operate machines that lay ties and lay rails to construct, repair, or maintain track [TRACK-MOVING-MACHINE OPERATOR (construction; mine & quarry)].
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.683-022 TRANSFER-TABLE OPERATOR (railroad equip.; r.r. trans.)

Drives transfer table, containing power winch, to move rolling stock within railroad yard: Drives table to area where equipment, such as crane, car, or locomotive is located. Starts table revolving to align track of table with track on which equipment is located. Pulls equipment onto transfer table, using winch. Drives table with rolling stock to transport equipment to specified area. May position table to bridge gap between ends of tracks.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.684-010 GRINDING-MACHINE OPERATOR, PORTABLE (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: track-grinder operator

Dresses and reshapes worn or damaged railroad switch points and frogs, using portable power grinder: Starts gasoline engine that activates grinding wheel. Holds face or rim of wheel against steel rail parts to remove imperfections and impart appropriate shape, restoring rail for safe, smooth operation. Performs running repairs to grinding machine, lubricates unit, and changes worn or chipped grinding wheels. May repair and adjust track switches, using wrenches and specified replacement parts. May grind ends of newly laid rails to attain smooth joint.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

910.684-014 TRACK REPAIRER (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: section-gang worker; track laborer

Installs and repairs railroad track on specified territory of railroad, using portable grinder, spike puller, spike driver, and tie adz, to grind ends of rails, remove old spikes, drive new spikes, cut ties to fit fishplates, and perform related maintenance, working as member of crew: Operates single- or multiple-head spike puller to pull old spikes from tie. Raises rail, using hydraulic jack, to facilitate removal of old tie and installation of new tie. Operates tie-adzing machine to cut portion of tie so that tie plate can be inserted to hold rail. Drills holes through rails, tie plates, and fishplates for insertion of bolts and spike, using power drill. Operates single- or multiple-head spike driving machine to drive spike into tie and secure rail. Operates track-wrench machine to tighten or loosen bolts at joints that hold ends of rails together. Operates rail saw to cut rails to specified lengths. Operates portable grinder to grind worn ends of rails. Sprays ties, fishplates, and joints with oil to protect them from weather. May paint railroad signs, such as speed limits and gate-crossing warnings. May oversee workers and act as section leader.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 81

910.687-010 BAGGAGE HANDLER (r.r. trans.)

Loads and stores baggage on passenger train: Inspects tags on baggage to ensure that baggage is routed to designated train. Loads baggage in car according to destination recorded on tags, placing baggage to be unloaded last in rear of car. Unloads baggage from train onto trailers at destination.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.687-014 CAR COOPER (any industry) alternate titles: car whacker

Prepares railroad freight cars for loading with grain, ores, packaged goods, and other items: Opens side drop or hopper-bottom doors of cars. Sweeps, scrapes, and shovels rubbish from floors. Hammers down or removes protruding nails from floors and sides. Closes car doors and hammers wooden wedges through latches to secure them. May line interior of cars and doors with paper or cardboard. May repair holes in floors and sides by nailing boards over them. May mix caulking compound and caulk cracks in cars, using handtools. May patch holes in roofs with asphalt coating. May wash interior and exterior of cars, using water hose, disinfectants, brushes, and brooms [CLEANER (any industry) III]. May seal doors of loaded cars. May move cars on track, using capstan winch or car bar. May spray cars with insecticides to destroy insects and rodents. May record data, such as car number, condition of car for shipment, and date fumigated.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.687-018 CAR ICER (food prep., nec; meat products) alternate titles: car ice-bunker filler; icer, air conditioning; refrigerator-car icer

Fills bunkers of railroad refrigerator cars with ice and rock salt to preserve foodstuffs, such as citrus fruits, bananas, and meat, during shipment. Breaks up blocks of ice, using bar and pick. May blow crushed ice over perishable products, using ice crushing machine equipped with blower device.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.687-022 FREIGHT-CAR CLEANER, DELTA SYSTEM (r.r. trans.)

Performs any combination of following duties to clean freight cars at Delta system (central cleaning station): Pushes buttons on control panel to activate track switches, conveyors, vacuum cleaner, warning siren, and winch. Hooks cable to string of cars and starts winch to move cars. Removes grain doors and places them on conveyor to storage area. Removes nails, cleats, crate bracings, and shipping paper from walls and floor, using clawhammer and crowbar. Tosses debris onto incinerator conveyor. Sweeps debris out car door into conveyor pit below track, using broom. Pushes and pulls vacuum cleaner nozzle over floor to remove debris, such as wood chips, sawdust, grain, flour, and powdered chemicals. Washes down ceiling and walls with water, using hose, to remove dust. Pushes button to route cleaned cars to side tracks.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

910.687-026 TRACK OILER (r.r. trans.)

Cleans out switches and greases rails around curves on streetcar tracks: Drives three-wheeled motorcycle, equipped with cleaning apparatus and lubricants, along track. Pumps water from electric track-switch box with manually operated suction pump. Sweeps dirt from track switch with broom. Greases curves in rails with grease stick so that flanges on car wheels will be able to adjust to curves without breaking. Throws rock salt over switches during cold weather to counteract freezing.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911 WATER TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with conveying passengers and cargo by controlling movement of ships, boats, and other vessels; securing vessels in dock; opening and closing canal locks; and related activities.

911.131-010 BOATSWAIN (water trans.)

Supervises ABLE SEAMAN (water trans.) 911.364-010 and DECKHAND (water trans.) 911.687-022 engaged in cleaning decks and lifeboats, and chipping, scraping, wirebrushing, and painting decks, sides, and superstructure: Examines cargo-handling gear and lifesaving equipment and supervises crew engaged in repairing or replacing defective gear and equipment. May be required to be certified by U.S. Coast Guard as ABLE SEAMAN (water trans.) 911.364-010.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

911.131-014 LOCK TENDER, CHIEF OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: canal-lock tender, chief operator; chief lock-operator

Supervises and coordinates activities of LOCK OPERATOR (water trans.) to open locks and dams on canal for vessels requiring passage: Assigns to LOCK OPERATOR (water trans.) tasks of mooring boats awaiting passage through canal, raising or lowering water level, opening and closing gates and valves of locks and dams, operating navigation lights and traffic signals, and compiling records of vessels using canal, and of weather and water conditions. Determines which of two locks to use according to needs of traffic. Controls and operates gas, steam, and hydroelectric generating units. Installs mechanical and electrical equipment. Repairs lock machinery motors, generators, power lines, and other electrical equipment [ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE (any industry)]. Operates machinery to open and close locks. Reports needed repairs to lock maintenance department. May observe craft approaching locks to determine size and speed of vessel and issues instructions to vessel operator violating canal regulations.
GOE: 05.05.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

911.133-010 CADET, DECK (water trans.)

Learns and performs all deck and navigational duties aboard ship under supervision of deck officer to become eligible for U.S. Coast Guard license and position as MATE, SHIP (water trans.): Observes loading and unloading of cargo holds to learn methods of handling and stowing of cargo. Inspects lifesaving and visual-signaling equipment for defects. Directs crew engaged in repair of defective equipment. Stands watch during specified periods while ship is underway. On graduation from maritime academy and successful completion of license examination, is eligible for position as MATE, SHIP (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.137-010 BARGE CAPTAIN (water trans.) alternate titles: scow captain

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers on towed barge that transports cargo on lakes, bays, sounds, and rivers: Directs workers engaged in loading and unloading barge to ensure that cargo is loaded according to balancing specifications. Inspects barge to ensure that craft is seaworthy. Signals TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.) to tow barge to destination. Logs barge's movements and ports-of-call. Steers barge when it has steering equipment.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.137-014 DERRICK-BOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.) alternate titles: derrick-boat runner

Supervises and coordinates activities of crew operating derrick mounted on barge: Directs placing and mooring of boat. Supervises crew in placing rigging and operating derrick to lift and move objects and materials. Prepares progress and personnel reports. Must possess license issued by U.S. Coast Guard to operate self-propelled derrick boat or to operate derrick boat outside continental limits of the United States.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

911.137-018 HEADER (water trans.) alternate titles: dock boss; gang boss; hatch supervisor; ship boss; stevedoring supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of STEVEDORE (water trans.) II engaged in loading and unloading ships' cargoes: Assigns duties to workers, and explains methods of handling, stowing, securing cargo, and setting up hoisting equipment. Determines what cargo requires special handling and how it is to be stowed in ship's hold. Signals WINCH DRIVER (water trans.) to raise or lower cargo. May estimate dunnage (paper and timber) required to brace and arrange cargo in ship's hold to prevent cargo damage. May maintain inventory of dunnage. May be designated according to work area as Header, Dock (water trans.); Header, Ship (water trans.); or kind of cargo stowed as Cotton Header (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.137-022 SUPERINTENDENT, STEVEDORING (water trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading of ship's cargoes: Studies bills of lading to determine sequence of loading operations, taking into consideration cargo space available, shipping instructions, and knowledge of cargo stowage. Calculates number of hours and personnel required for loading or unloading ship and places order for personnel. Inspects load-test certificates of ship's booms and cargo handling gear to ensure they meet safety regulations, and that cargo will not exceed specified load capacity. Directs activities of workers engaged in loading or unloading materials requiring special handling, such as explosives, locomotives, and other machinery. Supervises workers engaged in checking and loading cargo to ensure that cargo is loaded in specified sequence and in accordance with shipping instructions. Prepares report of stevedoring activities, such as time, hours, personnel, cargo handling gear used, and submits report to accounting department. Inspects dock areas to ensure safety regulations are being observed. May supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading barges. May supervise container-handling activities and be designated Stevedoring Superintendent, Container Handling (water trans.).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

911.137-026 SUPERVISOR, FERRY TERMINAL (water trans.) alternate titles: ferry-terminal agent

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in selling tickets and directing pedestrian and vehicular traffic to and from ferry boats at ferry terminal: Schedules and assigns work to subordinates. Interprets tariff regulations and changes in operating procedures to subordinates. Prepares daily revenue reports and receipts for bank deposit. Oversees loading of vehicles aboard ferries to prevent accidents, overloading, and imbalanced loading. Observes vehicles on dock and prohibits loading of excessively large vehicles. Directs receipt and loading of cargo aboard ferry. Notifies contractors of supply shortages, such as ferry fuel and janitorial and office supplies.
GOE: 11.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.167-010 DISPATCHER, TUGBOAT (water trans.)

Dispatches tugboats to guide ships entering or leaving port and to tow barges and log rafts: Receives written or oral customer request for services. Determines equipment required, such as tugs, barges, or derricks according to size, location and work performed. Selects tugboat captain from roster and notifies captain of order requirements, using radiotelephone. Obtains ship berthing and bunkering permits from port authorities. Reviews weather data and navigation charts and estimates time required to perform requested services. Maintains records and prepares bills for services. May notify captain of tugboat by radiotelephone of order changes. May dispatch work crews to tugboats in response to emergency requests from captain.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.263-010 DEEP SUBMERGENCE VEHICLE OPERATOR (military ser.)

Commands and pilots deep submergence vehicle (small noncombatant submarine) to obtain oceanographic research information, recover other sunken vessels or objects from ocean floor, and to transport passengers, such as scientists, researchers, and technicians to ocean bottom: Conducts predive and postdive inspection of vehicle to ensure vehicle is seaworthy and life support systems are functioning in specified manner. Reads gauges to verify hydraulic fluid, air pressure, and oxygen are at designated levels. Navigates vehicle based on such knowledge as ocean, currents, and vehicle characteristics. Pushes and pulls control levers on console to steer vehicle. Pushes switches to supply power to various units, such as mainpower supply and mechanical arms which are located outside of vehicle and are used to pick up, collect, or move objects on ocean floor. Monitors sonar and navigational aids. Directs subordinates in their activities. Occasionally instructs students in operation of vehicle.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

911.362-010 LOCK OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: canal-structure operator

Controls machinery to open and close locks and dams on canal: Observes gauges and turns valves to increase or decrease water level in lock. Observes positions of vessels and tie-up of mooring lines in lock to ensure optimum utilization of lock space and prevent vessel damage. Logs data, such as water levels, weather conditions, and type, number, and destination of vessels. Starts motors to open gates and sections of dams for passage of vessels. Turns on navigation lights and traffic signals along canal. Cleans, oils, and makes minor repairs to equipment. Collects lock slips (vessel identifications slips) from vessel operators and submits slips to supervisor. Ties or slips line-eyes over bitts on lock deck to secure vessels. May direct activities of workers engaged in mooring vessels in lock.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.363-010 FERRYBOAT OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: ferry operator

Operates power ferryboat to transport passengers, motor vehicles, and freight across river: Signals passengers to board ferryboat and directs loading of motor vehicles and freight. Signals DECKHAND (water trans.) to raise loading ramp and to pull guard chain across entry. Starts engine to move ferryboat to opposite side of body of water. Collects fares from customers or signals FERRYBOAT-OPERATOR HELPER (water trans.) to collect fares. Determines course and speed of ferryboat, utilizing knowledge of weather conditions and water currents. Reverses engines and steers boat into landing pier. Inspects, lubricates, and performs emergency repairs to railings, pontoons, and winches to ensure safe operation of ferry. May maintain operations log.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.363-014 QUARTERMASTER (water trans.)

Steers ship and maintains visual communications with other ships: Steers ship under direction of ship's commander or navigating officer, or directs helmsman to steer, following designated course. Stands by wheel when ship is on automatic pilot and verifies accuracy of course by comparing with magnetic compass. Relays specified signals to ships in vicinity, using visual signaling devices, such as blinker light and semaphore. Gives directions to crew engaged in cleaning wheelhouse and quarter deck (afterpart of upper deck reserved as promenade for officers and sometimes cabin passengers). Maintains ship's log while in port, and stands gangway watch to prevent unauthorized persons from boarding ship. May be required to be certificated by U.S. Coast Guard as ABLE SEAMAN (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

911.364-010 ABLE SEAMAN (water trans.) alternate titles: able-bodied seaman

Performs following tasks on board ship to watch for obstructions in vessel's path and to maintain equipment and structures: Stands watch at bow or on wing of bridge to look for obstructions in path of vessel. Measures depth of water in shallow or unfamiliar waters, using leadline, and telephones or shouts information to bridge. Turns wheel on bridge or uses emergency steering apparatus to steer vessel as directed by MATE, SHIP (water trans.). Breaks out, rigs, overhauls, and stows cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Overhauls lifeboats and lifeboat gear and lowers or raises lifeboats with winch or falls. Paints and chips rust on deck or superstructure of ship. Must hold certificate issued by U.S. Government. When working aboard vessels carrying liquid cargoes, must hold tanker operator's certificate. May stow or remove cargo from ship's hold [STEVEDORE (water trans.) II]. May be concerned with only one phase of duties, as maintenance of ship's gear and decks or watch duties, and be known as Deckhand, Maintenance (water trans.); Watchstander (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.364-014 BOAT LOADER I (water trans.) alternate titles: dock hand; pier hand; wharf hand; wharf operator; wharf tender

Connects hose couplings to enable liquid cargo, such as petroleum, gasoline, heating oil, sulfuric acid, and alum liquor, to be pumped from and into barges and tankers: Reads timetable to determine name of ship, location of pier, and number and types of hoses to be connected. Climbs aboard ship and lowers measuring tape and thermometer into each tank to measure depth and temperature of liquid cargo to be unloaded. Positions coupling of pier hose next to valve of ship, using winch and boom, and connects coupling to valve, using wrench. Attaches ground wire to hose to prevent explosion caused by static electricity generated when liquid cargo flows through hose. Opens valve to allow flow of cargo through hose and signals worker aboard ship to start pumps to unload cargo. Signals worker aboard ship to pump ballast from cargo tanks in order to prepare transfer of cargo onto ship. Signals worker on shore to pump liquid cargo onto ship. May be designated according to water vessel loaded as Barge Loader (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

911.584-010 MARINE OILER (water trans.) alternate titles: oiler; striker

Oils and greases moving parts, such as gears, shafts, and bearings, of engines and auxiliary equipment used to propel maritime vessels: Examines machinery for specified pressure and flow of lubricants. Fills oilcups on machinery with grease and lubricating oil, according to machinery lubrication instructions. Reads pressure and temperature gauges and records data in engineering log. Assists ENGINEER (water trans.) in overhauling and adjusting machinery. May lubricate deck machinery when vessel is unloading cargo.
GOE: 05.12.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

911.663-010 MOTORBOAT OPERATOR (any industry)

Operates motor-driven boat to carry passengers and freight, take depth soundings in turning basin, serve as liaison between ships, ship to shore, harbor and beach area patrol, or tow, push, or guide other boats, barges, logs, or rafts: Casts off securing lines and starts motor. Starts boat and steers boat with helm or tiller. Maintains equipment, such as range markers, fire extinguishers, boat fenders, lines, pumps, and fittings. Services motor by changing oil and lubricating parts. Cleans boat and repairs hull and superstructure, using handtools, paint, and brushes. May tune up, overhaul, or replace engine. May give directions for loading and seating in boat. May be designated according to type of boat operated as Boat Tender (logging); Boomboat Operator (logging); Charter-Boat Operator (amuse. & rec.); Sightseeing-Boat Operator (water trans.); Water-Taxi Driver (water trans.); or operate motor-driven boat to haul fish or other marine life from offshore fishing vessel to buyer and be designated Run-Boat Operator (water trans.).
GOE: 05.08.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.663-014 STEVEDORE I (water trans.)

Operates material-handling equipment, such as power winch, grain trimmer, crane, and lift truck, to transfer cargo into or from hold of ship and about dock area: Operates crane or winch to load or unload cargo, such as automobiles, crates, scrap, and steel beams, using hook, magnet, or sling attached in accordance with signals from other workers. Moves controls to start flow of grain from spouts of grain trimmer, stopping flow and repositioning spout over each hatch when previous hatch is filled. Drives lift truck along dock or aboard ship to transfer bulk items, such as lumber, pallet-mounted machinery, and crated products within range of winch. Drives tractor to transfer loaded trailers from warehouse to dockside. May position and fasten hose lines to ships' cargo tanks when loading or unloading liquid cargo, such as animal fats, vegetable oils, molasses, or chemicals. May perform variety of manual duties, such as lashing and shoring cargo aboard ship, attaching slings, hooks, or other lifting devices to winch for loading or unloading, and signaling other workers to move, raise, or lower cargo. May direct activities of cargo gang consisting of STEVEDORE (water trans.) II. May be designated according to equipment operated as Lift-Truck Operator (water trans.); Tractor Operator (water trans.); Winch Operator (water trans.).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.664-010 FERRYBOAT OPERATOR, CABLE (water trans.) alternate titles: ferry operator

Pulls ferryboat guided by overhead cable to transport passengers and freight across river: Signals passengers to board ferryboat and directs workers engaged in loading of freight [FERRYBOAT-OPERATOR HELPER (water trans.)]. Pays out rope on one side of ferryboat and pulls in rope on other side to propel ferryboat across river. Inspects equipment, such as cables, ropes, pontoons, and railings and repairs or replaces defective equipment.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

911.664-014 SAILOR, PLEASURE CRAFT (water trans.)

Performs any of following duties to assist skipper to operate and maintain privately owned or charter sailing yacht: Dusts and waxes furniture and polishes wood trim, sweeps floors and decks, and polishes brass and other metal parts. Inspects, repairs, and maintains sails and rigging. Paints or varnishes surfaces. Makes emergency repairs to auxiliary engine. Adjusts sails and rigging and steers boat when underway. May stow supplies and equipment and record data in log, such as weather conditions and distance traveled.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

911.667-010 FERRYBOAT-OPERATOR HELPER (water trans.) alternate titles: ferryboat helper

Assists FERRYBOAT OPERATOR, CABLE (water trans.) in operation of cable-guided ferryboat to transport passengers, motor vehicles, and freight across river, by performing following duties: Signals vehicle operators to drive vehicles onto ferryboat, or drives vehicles onto ferryboat. Places blocks under wheels of vehicles. Transfers freight onto ferryboat, using handtruck or power truck. Raises ferryboat gates by hand or by turning windlass. Unties stay ropes from dock. Collects fares from customers. Refuels engines and lubricates mechanical equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.667-014 HATCH TENDER (water trans.)

Signals WINCH DRIVER (water trans.) to transfer cargo from dock to ship's hold, or from ship's hold to dock: Observes workers attaching or detaching slings to or from loads to determine moment for signaling. Waves arms to indicate ready signal for transfer of cargo. May alternate jobs with WINCH DRIVER (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.667-018 SOUNDER (any industry) alternate titles: group leader, river-and-harbor soundings

Measures depth of water at designated points along navigable waterway, using lead-weighted line marked to indicate depth, to facilitate charting of waterways and determine need for dredging or other marine construction activity.
GOE: 05.12.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.677-010 TICKET TAKER, FERRYBOAT (water trans.)

Raises and lowers deck of landing bridge to make bridge level with deck of ferryboat, and collects or punches tickets of passengers at ferryboat terminal: Starts windlass to adjust level of landing bridge for vehicles and pedestrians to board ferryboat, or tosses gangplank pull-ropes to workers who secure gangplank to deck of ferryboat. Inspects security of gangplank fastenings to dock. Opens doors or gates to admit passengers aboard ferryboat, and collects tickets or punches commuter tickets as pedestrians and vehicles go aboard. Closes doors and gates upon whistled signal from ferryboat, pulls gangplank back onto dock, and starts windlass to unhook ferryboat from landing bridge. Provides passengers information about ferryboat schedules. May move stalled or driverless vehicles and freight-loaded wagons on and off ferries, using industrial truck.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.687-010 BOAT-LOADER HELPER (water trans.) alternate titles: dock helper; pier hand helper; wharf helper; wharf-tender helper

Assists BOAT LOADER (water trans.) I to pump liquid cargo, such as petroleum, gasoline, heating oil, sulfuric acid, and alum liquor, from and into barges and tankers: Catches mooring hawsers and ties them around dock posts to secure vessels. Couples hoses to valves on ship's tanks and turns handwheels to open or close valves. Removes lines from vessels and casts off hawsers. Drains loading hoses and places them on dollies. Cleans oil and waste materials from dock, using squeegees, broom, and rags. May be designated according to vessels loaded as Barge-Loader Helper (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.687-014 CLEANER III (any industry)

Cleans coal or coke from holds of ships, docks, or areas around chutes, conveyors, crushers, coke ovens, and screens, using airhose, brooms, scrapers, shovels, and wheelbarrow. May feed coal, using shovel and wheelbarrow, through crusher to obtain sample for laboratory analysis. May extinguish minor oven door fires, using water hose. May be designated according to work area as Belt Cleaner (steel & rel.); Boat Cleaner (steel & rel.); Dock Cleaner (steel & rel.).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.687-018 COAL TRIMMER (water trans.) alternate titles: boat puller

Positions barges to be loaded with coal under coal tipple, using electric winch or hand ropes. May spread coal evenly with shovel in holds of ships.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

911.687-022 DECKHAND (water trans.)

Performs any combination of following duties aboard watercraft, such as dredges, ferryboats, scows, and river boats: Handles lines to moor vessel to wharves, tie up vessel to another vessel, or rig towing lines. Sweeps and washes decks, using broom, brushes, mops, and firehose. Lowers and mans lifeboat in case of emergencies. Stands steering watches or lookout watches while underway. Moves controls or turns handwheels to raise or lower passenger or vehicle landing ramps or kelp-cutter mechanism. Inserts blocks under wheels of vehicles to prevent them from moving on ferryboats. Loads or unloads material from barges, scows, and dredges. Paints lifeboats, decks, and superstructure of vessel, using brush. Lubricates machinery and equipment. Splices and repairs cables and ropes, using handtools. Examines cables that holds vessels in tow and tightens cables to ensure vessels are snug. May tour decks during watch to caution passengers engaged in unsafe practices, and ensures departure of passengers at end of voyage. Deckhands are designated according to type of craft as Barge Hand (water trans.); Dredge Deckhand (water trans.); Ferryboat Deckhand (water trans.); Pilot-Boat Deckhand (water trans.); Scow Deckhand (water trans.); Tugboat Deckhand (water trans.).
GOE: 05.08.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

911.687-026 LINES TENDER (water trans.) alternate titles: laborer, marine terminal

Secures and removes ship's docking lines to and from dock: Catches lines heaved from ship attempting to dock. Drags lines to bitts on dock and slips eye of docking lines over bitts. Removes lines from bitts when ships depart. May drive vehicle to pull in docking lines.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

911.687-030 ORDINARY SEAMAN (water trans.)

Stands deck department watches and performs variety of duties to preserve painted surfaces of ship and to maintain lines, running gear, and cargo-handling gear in safe operating condition: Watches from bow of ship or wing of bridge for obstructions in path of ship. Turns wheel while observing compass to steer and maintain ship on course. Mops or washes down deck, using hose, to remove oil, dirt, and debris. Chips and cleans rust spots from deck, superstructure, and sides of ship, using hand or air chipping hammer and wire brush. Paints chipped area. Splices wire rope, using marlinespike, wirecutters, and twine.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

912 AIR TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with fueling, cooling, heating, and ventilating aircraft; repacking parachutes; and related minor repair and maintenance activities.

912.167-010 DISPATCHER (air trans.) alternate titles: airplane dispatcher; helicopter dispatcher

Authorizes, regulates, and controls commercial airline flights according to government and company regulations to expedite and ensure safety of flight: Analyzes and evaluates meteorological information, such as speed and direction of winds, visibility, and presence of storms, to determine potential safety of flight and desirable route. Computes amount of fuel needed according to type of aircraft, distance of flight, weather conditions, and fuel regulations prescribed by Federal Aviation Agency. Prepares flight plan containing information, such as maximum allowable gross takeoff and landing weights, weather, and landing field conditions. Signs authorization to release flight for takeoff. Delays or cancels flight if unsafe conditions prevail. Studies weather and pilot's position reports and terrain maps to evaluate progress of flight. Recommends flight plan alterations, such as changing course or altitude, canceling stops, or taking extra fuel. Prepares log of flights, delays, and cancellations, and lists reasons for changes in schedules or flight plans. Must be licensed by Federal Aviation Administration.
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

912.364-010 AIRPORT ATTENDANT (air trans.)

Performs any combination of following duties in maintenance of small airports and in servicing aircraft: Periodically inspects buildings and hangars to detect fire hazards and violations of airport regulations. Examines firefighting equipment to detect malfunctions and fills depleted fire extinguishers. Performs necessary minor repairs to fire trucks and tractors. Fills light bombs with kerosene and positions bombs on landing field to illuminate danger areas. Cleans, fills, and lights smokepots used to indicate wind direction, and repairs or replaces windsock and other wind indicating devices. Replaces defective bulbs or burnt-out fuses in lighting equipment, such as landing lights and boundary lights. Fills holes and levels low places and bumps in runways and taxiing areas. Cuts grass on airport grounds [LABORER, AIRPORT MAINTENANCE (air trans.)]. Patrols airfield to ensure security of aircraft and facilities. Verifies and reports specified amount of gasoline and oil supplies. Blocks and stakes down airplanes. Records airport data, such as number of planes stored in hangars, plane landings and departures, and number of passengers carried on planes. May wash and clean cabins and exterior surfaces of airplanes. May fill airplane tanks with gasoline and oil [LINE-SERVICE ATTENDANT (air trans.)]. May be required to possess Red Cross first-aid certificate to render emergency treatment to victims.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

912.367-010 FLIGHT-INFORMATION EXPEDITER (air trans.)

Determines flight times of airplanes and transmits information to flight operations and Air Traffic Command centers: Evaluates data, such as weather conditions, flight plans, ramp delays, and enroute stopovers, to determine arrival and departure times for each flight, using aids, such as weather charts, slide rule, and computer. Transmits identity and type of airplane, flight locations, time of arrival and departure, and names of crewmembers to Air Traffic Command to obtain clearance for flight over restricted areas. Notifies departments of airline of pending arrival of inbound flight to ensure that personnel are available to load or unload fuel, baggage, and cargo.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

912.367-014 TRANSPORTATION AGENT (air trans.) alternate titles: departure clerk; operations agent; service coordinator

Expedites movement of freight, mail, baggage, and passengers through airline terminal by performing following tasks: Prepares airway bill of lading on freight from consignors and routes freight on first available flight. Telephones consignees to report arrival of air freight. Obtains flight number, airplane number, and names of crewmembers from teletyped message of DISPATCHER (air trans.), and records data on airplane's flight papers. Records baggage, mail, and freight weights, and number of passengers on airplane's papers and teletypes data to flight's destination. Positions ramp for loading of airplane. Verifies passengers' tickets as they board plane. Oversees or participates in loading cargo to ensure completeness of load and even distribution of weight. Removes ramp, and signals pilot that personnel and equipment are clear of plane. May load and unload freight and baggage by operating forklift truck.
GOE: 07.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

912.662-010 IN-FLIGHT REFUELING OPERATOR (military ser.)

Operates air refueling systems aboard aircraft tanker to refuel airborne aircraft: Confers with receiver aircraft pilot to direct aircraft into air refueling position, using radio. Presses buttons and switches on control panel to extend in-flight boom and connect tanker and receiver aircraft. Presses button to start refueling process. Monitors control panel light to detect equipment malfunctions. Contacts receiver aircraft pilot, using radio to inform pilot of progress being made during refueling, to advise pilot of action necessary to maintain safe refueling position, and inform pilot of steps to be taken during equipment malfunction or emergencies. Calculates in-flight weight and balance status of aircraft and notifies tanker pilot of necessary flight correction.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

912.663-010 AIRPORT UTILITY WORKER (air trans.)

Services aircraft, working as member of crew, performing any combination of following tasks: Directs incoming and outgoing aircraft near terminal area to assist pilot's maneuvering of aircraft, using visual hand or light signals. Operates service vehicles to replenish fuel, water, and waste system chemicals and to remove liquid waste. Cleans exterior or interior of aircraft, using portable platform, ladders, brushes, rags, waterhose, and vacuum. Positions and removes boarding platform to unload or load aircraft passengers. Unloads and loads luggage and cargo from aircraft, using tow truck with luggage carts. Traces lost baggage for customers and prepares lost baggage claims.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

912.682-010 AIRCRAFT LAUNCH AND RECOVERY TECHNICIAN (military ser.)

Operates aircraft launching and recovery equipment, such as hydraulic or steam catapults, barricades, arresting gear, and visual landing aids to launch or recover aircraft on aircraft carriers and land based airfields: Operates arresting gear or catapult consoles and controls to fire catapults, raise and lower arresting gear, and blast deflectors and control other launch and recovery equipment. Calibrates, adjusts, and tests launch and recovery equipment, using electrical and mechanical test equipment and handtools. Disassembles catapults, arresting gear, and other equipment and replaces defective parts, using handtools. Splices broken arresting gear cables, using cable splicing tools. Records in log aircraft launches, recoveries, and maintenance performed on equipment. Occasionally directs aircraft launch or recovery operations, using visual hand or light signals.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

912.684-010 PARACHUTE RIGGER (air trans.) alternate titles: parachute packer

Folds parachutes according to specifications and packs chutes in bag: Draws canopy of parachute from pack cover to its full length on surface of long bench. Straightens shrouds to eliminate coils or tangles. Folds canopy lengthwise on its seams, one segment over another. Loops each shroud and forces it into retaining clip of pack cover. Folds canopy in fanfold arrangement and places in pack cover. Places pilot chute over parachute canopy, forces spring flat with hands, and secures it in place with release devices, such as ripcord, barometric pressure release, electromechanical release, or explosive charge. Inspects canopy, shroud, buckles, and harness straps for damage or wear. Must be licensed by Federal Aviation Administration. May be designated Master Rigger (air trans.) when additionally qualified through experience to meet Federal Aviation Administration requirements.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

912.687-010 LINE-SERVICE ATTENDANT (air trans.)

Services aircraft prior to flight according to specifications: Fills fuel and oil tanks and examines tires for specified air pressure. Adds water and other cooling agents as required to batteries and liquid-cooled engine radiators. Fills landing gear struts with hydraulic fluid. May clean exterior and interior of aircraft. May load and unload containers of food, beverages, and dishes for in-flight meal services. May deice aircraft wings and assemblies, using glycol mixture. May assist mechanics in repair of aircraft.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

913 PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with conveying passengers by driving automobiles and buses; assigning vehicles and drivers to routes; and directing arrivals and departures of vehicles.

913.133-010 ROAD SUPERVISOR (motor trans.) alternate titles: superintendent, drivers

Supervises BUS DRIVERS (motor trans.) and coordinates bus schedules to maintain service: Gives instructions to BUS DRIVERS (motor trans.) in operation of various types of buses. Observes and records number of passengers on buses. Studies reports and devises new schedules according to passenger traffic patterns. May adjust complaints of passengers regarding service.
GOE: 09.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

913.133-014 SUPERVISOR, CAB (motor trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation department of taxicab company: Hires workers, such as TAXI DRIVERS (motor trans.); TAXICAB STARTER (motor trans.); and TAXICAB COORDINATOR (motor trans.) and supervises their activities. Drives automobile around city to investigate honesty and operating efficiency of TAXI DRIVERS (motor trans.). May investigate accidents and robberies and settle claims, following company policy. May aid drivers in locating difficult addresses, utilizing maps and knowledge of city.
GOE: 09.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

913.167-010 BUS DISPATCHER, INTERSTATE (motor trans.) alternate titles: dispatcher

Dispatches interstate or long-distance buses according to schedule and oversees BUS DRIVERS (motor trans.) and BUS ATTENDANTS (motor trans.) while they are at terminal: Issues orders for station departure of buses at specified hours, according to schedule. Arranges for extra buses and drivers in case of accidents or heavy traffic. Announces incoming and outgoing buses over public address system in bus terminal. May supervise loading, unloading, and checking of baggage or express shipped by bus. May inspect drivers' appearance and physical condition prior to dispatch.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

913.167-014 DISPATCHER, BUS AND TROLLEY (motor trans.) alternate titles: transit-operations supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of operators of buses, transit coaches, and trolleys in city or urban transportation system to convey passengers according to schedule: Records movement and location of vehicles and road crews to inform other departments or public regarding current schedules and routes. Receives telephone or radio reports of accidents, delays, fires, equipment breakdowns, and other operating or maintenance difficulties. Reports difficulties and dispatches orders to other divisions to maintain or restore service and schedules. Dispatches extra vehicles and emergency crews to scene of accident or breakdown, advising them of location of trouble and proximity of feeder lines and power circuits. Maintains log of scheduled runs, numbers of vehicles, and names of drivers. Records calls and emergencies. Makes report of all accidents. May suspend or call in operators for infractions of operating regulations.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

913.167-018 SCHEDULE MAKER (motor trans.)

Prepares schedules for local or long-distance transportation systems, such as bus or streetcar lines: Studies changing traffic situations and schedules of competing lines. Determines number of vehicles and trips to be run. Assigns vehicle operators to runs. Prepares schedules indicating times of arrival and departure of vehicles or cars at crosslines or junction points where transfer passengers can be picked up. Studies passenger riding patterns and traffic conditions. Establishes emergency and regular routes according to land topography and existing hazards. Arranges number of stops, length of route, and runs per shift for route, according to union-management contract and cost per mile. Prepares drafts of new schedules. Estimates costs of revised schedules.
GOE: 07.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

913.363-010 BUS DRIVER, DAY-HAUL OR FARM CHARTER (agriculture)

Drives bus to transport workers between recruiting point and agricultural work area: Ascertains from employer work to be performed, number of workers required, and area or field where workers are required. Parks bus at loading area for workers to board according to referral information furnished by recruiting agency, or selects workers from group applying for work. Admonishes individuals to be seated and orderly while en route to job. May assign duties to youthful day workers and supervise their activities in field and be designated Day-Haul Youth Supervisor (agriculture).
GOE: 09.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

913.367-010 TAXICAB STARTER (motor trans.) alternate titles: cab starter; dispatcher

Dispatches taxicabs in response to telephone requests for service: Maintains operational map showing location of each cab. Contacts drivers of assigned sector by radio or telephone to relay request for service. Logs calls relayed to each driver and address of patron. Arranges for relief cab or driver.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

913.463-010 BUS DRIVER (motor trans.) alternate titles: chauffeur, motorbus; coach operator

Drives bus to transport passengers over specified routes to local or distant points according to time schedule: Assists passengers with baggage and collects tickets or cash fares. Regulates heating, lighting, and ventilating systems for passenger comfort. Complies with local traffic regulations. Reports delays or accidents. Records cash receipts and ticket fares. May make repairs and change tires. May inspect bus and check gas, oil, and water before departure. May load or unload baggage or express checked by passengers in baggage compartment. May transport pupils between pickup points and school and be designated Bus Driver, School (motor trans.). May drive diesel or electric powered transit bus to transport passengers over established city route and be designated Motor-Coach Driver (motor trans.); Trolley-Coach Driver (motor trans.).
GOE: 09.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 81

913.463-014 STREETCAR OPERATOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: trolley-car operator

Drives electric-powered streetcar to transport passengers, collects fares, and gives information to passengers: Drives streetcar in accordance with traffic regulations and observes traffic lights and other vehicles on street to avoid accidents. Opens and closes doors and starts and stops streetcar to allow passengers to enter or leave vehicle. Collects fares from passengers and issues change and transfers. Answers questions from passengers concerning fare, schedules, and routings. Records readings of coin receptor at beginning and end of shift to verify amount of money received during shift.
GOE: 09.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

913.463-018 TAXI DRIVER (motor trans.) alternate titles: cab driver

Drives taxicab to transport passengers for fee: Picks up passengers in response to radio or telephone relayed request for service. Collects fee recorded on taximeter based on mileage or time factor and records transaction on log. Reports by radio or telephone to TAXICAB STARTER (motor trans.) 913.367-010 on completion of trip. May drive limousine or custom-built sedan to pick up and discharge airport passengers arriving or leaving on scheduled flights and be designated Chauffeur, Airport Limousine (motor trans.)
GOE: 09.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

913.663-010 CHAUFFEUR (any industry)

Drives automobile to transport office personnel and visitors of commercial or industrial establishment. Performs miscellaneous errands, such as carrying mail to and from post office. May make overnight drives and extended trips requiring irregular hours. May be required to have chauffeurs license. May clean vehicle and make minor repairs or adjustments.
GOE: 09.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

913.663-014 MOBILE-LOUNGE DRIVER (motor trans.)

Drives mobile lounge to transport aircraft passengers between airport terminal building and aircraft on runway.
GOE: 09.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

913.663-018 DRIVER (motor trans.) alternate titles: shuttle-bus driver; van driver

Drives minibus, van, or lightweight truck to transport clients, trainees, or company personnel: Drives vehicle from individual or central loading area to social services or rehabilitation center, training location, job site, or other destination according to assigned schedule. May assist disabled passengers into and out of vehicle. May secure passengers' wheelchairs to restraining devices to stabilize wheelchairs during trip. May operate radio or similar device to communicate with base station or other vehicles to report disruption of service. May clean and service vehicle with fuel, lubricants, and accessories. May keep records of trips and behavior of passengers. May perform other duties when not driving, such as custodial and building maintenance tasks.
GOE: 09.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

913.683-010 AMBULANCE DRIVER (medical ser.)

Drives ambulance to transport sick, injured, or convalescent persons: Places patients on stretcher and loads stretcher into ambulance, usually with help of AMBULANCE ATTENDANT (medical ser.). Takes sick or injured persons to hospital, or convalescents to destination, using knowledge and skill in driving to avoid sudden motions detrimental to patients. Changes soiled linen on stretcher. Administers first aid as needed. May shackle violent patients. May report facts concerning accident or emergency to hospital personnel or law enforcement officials.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

914 PUMPING AND PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with conveying materials, such as oil, gas, water, coal, slurry, and pulp, by operating or tending pipeline pumps, and opening and closing valves. Pipeline construction and repair is included in Group 869. Occupations concerned with pumping activities in the treatment, purification, and distribution of water for irrigation and water supply are found in Group 954.

914.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PUMPING (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in maintaining pipelines and in pumping slurry, tailings, water, and other liquids in ore-processing plant. Tours pumping stations and pipelines to ensure removal of slurry, tailings, and water. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.132-010 COMPRESSOR-STATION ENGINEER, CHIEF (pipe lines) alternate titles: plant superintendent

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation and maintenance of compressor-station equipment, such as gas compressors, stationary engines, and pipelines to transmit natural gas: Directs workers to start or stop compressors to increase or decrease gas pressure. May operate equipment during emergencies. May supervise workers engaged in operation and maintenance of automobiles, trucks, and related equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

914.132-014 STATION ENGINEER, CHIEF (pipe lines) alternate titles: oil-pump-station operator, chief; station chief

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating and maintaining main-line pump station: Directs STATION ENGINEER, MAIN LINE (pipe lines) to start or stop pumping equipment and increase or decrease pumping rates, line pressures, and rate of oil flow. Directs GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) in sampling, gauging, and testing oil, and in controlling flow of oil. Reports on oil movements and pipeline operations to DISPATCHER, OIL (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines), using teletype or telephone. Schedules maintenance and repair of pumps, engines, generators, and corrosion-mitigation and pneumatic-control equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May operate pumping equipment and supervise workers and be designated Station Engineer, Operating Chief (pipe lines).
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

914.132-018 SUPERVISOR, CELLARS (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in storing finished beer and pumping beer to filling machines: Turns valves that regulate flow of refrigerant in cooling equipment to maintain specified temperatures in cellars. Directs PUMPER, BREWERY (beverage) in transferring beer into storage tanks and from tanks to filling machines, following production schedule specifications. Reads meters and records quantity of beer pumped. Verifies type and destination of beer pumped to filling machines against order specifications. Examines tanks, pumps, and lines for cleanliness. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.132-022 SUPERVISOR, FIELD PIPELINES (pipe lines) alternate titles: district supervisor; gauger, chief delivery; terminal-gauger supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers constructing, operating, and maintaining oil field pipeline gathering system: Directs gauging, sampling, testing, and pumping of products from individual wells to central point for dispatch by main pipeline to refineries and terminals. Reviews bids for pipeline repair work from construction firms, and recommends acceptance or rejection of bids. Inspects installation of new pipelines and repair of equipment, such as pumps, engines, tanks, and reservoirs. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.134-010 GAUGER, CHIEF (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) alternate titles: chief gauger; district gauger

Supervises and coordinates activities of GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) controlling flow of oil into pipelines and gauging amount of oil stored in tanks or railroad cars. May oversee loading and shipment of oil and preparation of loading reports and bills of lading. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.137-010 DISTRIBUTION SUPERVISOR (pipe lines; wholesale tr.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading petroleum products, such as oils, kerosene, and gasoline into tank trucks, and schedules delivery of products to retail service stations or distributors: Reviews written or telephone shipping orders specifying type and volume of product to be loaded, shipping priorities, and delivery dates to prepare delivery schedules for truckdrivers, employing knowledge of routes, time required for loading, and average customer demands. Compiles and submits reports to regional office. Develops and implements preventive maintenance program for tank trucks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

914.137-014 LOADING-RACK SUPERVISOR (petrol. refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading petroleum products, such as oils, gasoline, and kerosene into and from tank cars and trucks: Receives shipping orders and instructions as to type, specification, and volume of material to be loaded, loading priorities, dates of incoming and outgoing shipments, shipping destinations, and availability of storage tanks, tank cars, and trucks. Prepares schedules indicating car numbers and specifications and volume of material to be loaded. Directs workers in spotting and moving tank cars and trucks in yard, in inspecting and cleaning tank cars and trucks, and in loading and sampling petroleum products. Inspects condition of cars or trucks rejected for loading and arranges for their repair or cleaning. Reviews loading and laboratory sample records to verify conformity of load to specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.137-018 SUPERVISOR, DOCK (petrol. refin.; pipe lines) alternate titles: terminal supervisor; wharf tender, head

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers involved in loading and unloading crude oil and liquid and packaged petroleum products, such as gasoline, kerosene, fuel oil, motor oil, and grease into and from barges, ships, or tankers at marine terminal: Receives instructions pertaining to vessel movements, types and quantities of crude oil and petroleum products to be received or delivered, facilities to be used, and loading schedules. Directs BOAT LOADERS (water trans.) I and STEVEDORES, DOCK (water trans.) in spotting and mooring vessels, in inspecting oil tanks, and in connecting oil pipelines. Orders GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) to open or close pipelines and tank valves to control and divert oil flow and to gauge and sample oil. Reads gauging and pumping reports and bills of lading to verify receipt or delivery of specified products. May supervise workers engaged in loading and unloading tank cars and trucks, and receiving, storing, and issuing petroleum products [LOADING-RACK SUPERVISOR (petrol. refin.)]. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.167-010 DISPATCHER, CHIEF II (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) alternate titles: district superintendent, gas and gasoline; general-office dispatcher; superintendent, pressure

Coordinates activities of GAS DISPATCHER (pipe lines; utilities) to deliver natural gas from oil fields through pipelines to delivery points: Reviews customer purchase requests to gather information for scheduling gas movements from various fields. Prepares schedules and notifies GAS DISPATCHER (pipe lines; utilities) by radio, teletype, or telephone to release specific amount of gas from well. Reviews periodic reports of gas pressures and volume of gas delivered to ensure safe operation of pipelines. Keeps records of deliveries of gas, pressures maintained, and shutdowns of lines. May coordinate transfer of liquid petroleum products by pipeline.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.167-014 DISPATCHER, OIL (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) alternate titles: oil dispatcher

Directs and coordinates field activities of workers who route and control flow of oil and petroleum products through pipelines from point of origin, such as wells and storage tanks to delivery points, such as terminals, carriers, refineries, and tank farms, according to delivery schedules: Reviews oil movement schedules and notifies field personnel, such as DISPATCHER, RELAY (pipe lines); STATION ENGINEER, MAIN LINE (pipe lines); and GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines), by teletype, telephone, and field radio as to type and quantities of oil to be moved, facilities and storage stock to be used, destinations, operating procedures, and pumping and delivery schedules. Studies data on oil and oil movement, such as temperatures, pressures, specific gravities, sediment and contamination content, and pumping rates, and ensures compliance with schedules and contract specifications by dispatching instructions to field personnel to increase or decrease pumping rates and pressures, to switch and inject feeder streams of crude and blend oil, and to gauge and test oil. Compares pumping reports with delivery reports to ascertain quantity of oil delivered. Computes data for production reports and for instruction changes relative to pumping rates and pressures, using calculator and slide rule. When scheduling and directing movement of petroleum products through processing, storage, and shipping departments of refineries, may be designated Dispatcher, Refinery (pipe lines).
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.362-010 COAL PIPELINE OPERATOR (pipe lines)

Controls, from master panel, semiautomatic processing plant that pulverizes and mixes coal with water and introduces resulting slurry into pipeline for transportation. Moves controls to start and regulate conveyors, pumps, grinding mills, tank agitators, and auxiliary equipment that convert coal to slurry of specified density and acidity, following standard procedures. Reviews laboratory reports and observes panel lights, flowmeters, and recording instruments to maintain standard conditions in plant and pipeline. Gives directions to assistant to open valves that regulate admission of slurry into pipeline and to make manual adjustments to processing and distribution equipment. Maintains operating log from instrument readings. May control booster pumping stations from panel or direct station operations by telephone.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

914.362-014 CONSTRUCTION-AND-MAINTENANCE INSPECTOR (petrol. refin.)

Inspects petroleum-dispensing equipment and machinery at wholesale distributing plants of refinery for defects: Operates air-elimination and pumping equipment to detect malfunctions. Pumps petroleum from storage tanks into calibrated cans or tests tank trucks to verify accuracy of recording meters. Compiles reports of inspection data.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

914.362-018 STATION ENGINEER, MAIN LINE (pipe lines) alternate titles: pump-station operator; station operator

Operates electric, diesel, gas, or automated pumping equipment to pump and route petroleum products through pipelines at main-line or terminal stations according to instructions and destination: Turns valves and starts engines to pump oil through station. Reads flow and pressure meters, and turns valves to vary pumping rate and line pressure, according to specifications. Turns handwheel or directs GAUGER (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) to open or close pipeline valves to direct flow of oil to storage tanks according to grade; to direct flow of oil through station and along pipeline, according to destination; or to switch oil to alternative pipelines to prevent contamination between grades. Inspects pumping equipment to detect malfunctioning and leaks. Lubricates machinery, and repairs and adjusts pumps and equipment, using handtools. Records pressures, temperature, and flow rates, and maintains records of oil stock and oil receipts. May pump natural gas or natural gas liquid products. May gauge and test oil or direct work of GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines). May use radiotelephone equipment.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.382-010 OIL PUMPER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well pumper; pumper

Operates steam, gas, gasoline, electric, or diesel pumps and auxiliary equipment to restore and control flow of oil from wells: Opens valves to regulate flow of oil from wells to storage tanks or into pipelines. Turns valves to adjust pressure of separator which separates natural gas from oil. Reads flowmeters, gauges oil in tanks with calibrated steel tape, and prepares reports of amount and quality of oil pumped and in storage. Collects and bottles samples of oil for laboratory analysis. Lubricates and repairs pumps, using grease gun, oilcan, and handtools. Examines pipelines for leaks. Reports major breakdowns and well difficulties. May test and treat oil to reduce water and sediment content according to specifications for pipeline transportation of oil.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

914.382-014 PUMPER-GAUGER (chemical; petrol. refin.; pipe lines)

Operates pumps and manifold systems to load petro-chemical products, such as caustic soda, methanol, and styrene into trucks, barges, and tank cars: Reads loading order or receives instructions from supervisor. Determines movement of products through lines from storage tanks to tank trucks, barges, and tank cars utilizing knowledge of interconnections, pipeline capacities, manifolds, and pumps. Inspects and weighs vessels to prevent contamination and to satisfy loading procedures. Coordinates product movement activities with other workers to ensure continuous flow of product. Starts pumps, observes pressure and flowmeters, and turns valves to regulate flow of product to loading vessel according to loading procedures. Signals other pumper-gaugers to open and close hatch valves and to gauge, sample, and determine temperature of tank contents. Records operating data, such as products and quantities pumped, storage tank used, gauge readings, and operating time. Inspects valves, flanges, manifolds throughout system and tightens connections, using handtools. Delivers product samples to laboratory and affixes product warning placards onto vessel. Operates blenders and heaters to mix, blend, and heat products. May perform variety of tests to determine viscosity, specific gravity, and flash point of sample contents.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.382-018 PUMPER-GAUGER APPRENTICE (chemical; petrol. refin.; pipe lines)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.382-022 PUMPER, HEAD (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: field operator

Operates pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce artificial flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field: Starts pumps and opens valves to pump oil from wells into storage tanks. Starts compressor engines and diverts oil from storage tanks into compressor units and auxiliary equipment to recover natural gas from oil. Opens valves to return compressed gas to bottoms of specified wells to repressurize them and force oil to surface. Operates engines and pumping units from central powerplant to shut off wells according to production schedule and to switch flow of oil into unfilled storage tanks. Reads tank gauges and pump meters, and keeps production records. May supervise OIL PUMPERS (petrol. & gas) and other workers engaged in producing oil from wells. May repair gas and oil meters and gauges [INSTRUMENT MECHANIC (any industry)].
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

914.384-010 GAUGER (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) alternate titles: field gauger; pipe-line gauger; tank-farm gauger; terminal gauger

Gauges and tests amount of oil in storage tanks, and regulates flow of oil and, other petroleum products into pipelines at wells, tank farms, refineries, and marine and rail terminals, following prescribed standards and regulations: Gauges quantity of oil in storage tanks before and after delivery, using calibrated steel tape and conversion tables. Lowers thermometer into tanks to obtain temperature reading. Turns bleeder valves, or lowers sample container into tank to obtain oil sample. Tests oil to determine amount of bottom sediment, water, and foreign materials, using centrifugal tester. Calculates test results, using standard formulas. Records readings and test results. Starts pumps, and opens valves on pipelines and tanks to regulate and direct flow of oil from and into tanks, according to delivery schedules. Reads automatic gauges at specified time intervals to determine flow rate of oil into or out of tanks and amount of oil in tanks. Inspects pipelines, valves, and flanges to detect malfunctions, such as loose connections and leaks. Tightens connections with wrenches, greases and oils valves, using grease gun and oilcan. Reports leaks or defective valves to maintenance personnel. Clamps seal around valves to secure tanks. May gauge tanks containing petroleum and natural gas byproducts, such as condensate or natural gasoline. May operate pumps, teletype, and mobile radio. May clean pumps, machinery, and equipment. May issue delivery or receiving tickets. May record meter and pressure readings at gas wells. May regulate flow of products into pipelines, using automated pumping equipment. When gauging oil received from and delivered to terminals, tank farms, and refineries, may be designated Gauger, Delivery (pipe lines).
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

914.485-010 BARREL FILLER II (beverage)

Tends pumps to transfer wine from storage tanks to barrels: Inserts nozzle of automatic filler stem into vent of barrel, turns switch and observes readings of meter to verify filling of barrel with specified amounts of wine. Weighs wine-filled barrels and deducts tare (weight of empty barrel) to determine weight of wine, using platform scale. Marks or stencils information on barrels, such as weight and type of wine. May load filled barrels on trucks or railroad cars [INDUSTRIAL-TRUCK OPERATOR (any industry)].
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

914.585-010 GAS-TRANSFER OPERATOR (chemical)

Tends equipment to transfer liquid gases from processing equipment to tank trucks and storage tanks: Connects hose and starts pumps until specified quantity of gas has been transferred, as indicated by gauge. Ensures that specified type of gas is pumped, using portable gas analyzer. Records type and quantity of gas pumped, truck number, and departure time. Positions truck in loading area. May refuel and fill oil well of tank trucks. May fill railway tank cars. May evacuate air space between inner and outer tanks of trucks or railway tank cars, using vacuum pump.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

914.665-010 PIGMENT PUMPER (rubber reclaim.) alternate titles: checker; drum filler; pigment supplier; solvent-station attendant

Tends equipment that pumps solvents, pigments, and caustics into storage tanks for use in processing reclaim rubber: Dips pigment samples from tank car or container for laboratory analysis. Connects hose couplings between tank cars and pipelines. Starts pumps and opens valves to direct flow of liquid pigments into specified storage or supply tanks. Reads flowmeter to ascertain quantity of stock entering tank. Directs transfer of drums and bags of material from freight cars to specified storage areas and notifies supervisor when supplies drop to specified levels. May schedule delivery of pigments. May convey dry pigments to production areas, using electric truck.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

914.665-014 PUMPER, BREWERY (beverage) alternate titles: cellar worker

Tends power-driven pumps that transfer wort, beer, or liquefied yeast mixture to various sections of brewery: Receives signal from point of destination indicating time of fluid transfer. Connects flexible hose and stationary lines to pumps and vessels containing specified fluid and notifies worker at destination point of line prior to transfer of fluid. Turns valves and starts pump to admit and control flow of liquid through lines. Collects random samples of fluid from vessels for laboratory testing, using beaker. May tend automated equipment to transfer liquids through various processes. May observe thermometers and turn valves to regulate flow of beer through refrigeration unit to maintain specified temperature of product [COOLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (beverage)]. May pump two or more varieties of beer into one tank to blend mixture. May record types and amounts of beer pumped. May clean pumps and lines by flushing with cleansing solutions and water. May be designated according to plant location or product transferred as Bottle-House Pumper (beverage); Cellar Pumper (beverage); Wort Pumper (beverage); Yeast Pumper (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

914.667-010 LOADER I (any industry) alternate titles: car filler; liquid loader; tank-car loader; truck loader

Pumps liquid chemicals, liquid petroleum products, and other liquids into or from tank cars, trucks, or barges: Verifies tank car numbers with loading instructions to ensure accurate placement of cars by crew. Connects ground cable to carry off static electricity. Removes and replaces or gives directions to another worker to remove and replace dome caps, using wrenches. Inspects interior for cleanliness and exterior for leaks or damage. Swings loading spout over dome and turns valve to admit liquids to tank. Lowers gauge rod into tank or reads meter to verify specified volume of liquids loaded. Lowers sample bottle into tank for laboratory testing. Copies load specification on placard and tacks placard to tank. Seals outlet valves on car. When unloading cars, connects hose to outlet plugs on cars and attaches special dome, using wrenches. Starts pumps or turns valves to admit compressed air into tank car and force liquids into storage tanks. May test sample for specific gravity, using hydrometer, and record reading on loading slip. May clean interior of tank cars or tank trucks, using mechanical spray nozzle. May inspect rupture disc, vacuum relief valve, rubber gaskets on valves and cover plates, and replace defective parts, using wrenches. May pump nitrogen or compressed air into car to test for leaks. May be designated according to material loaded and unloaded as Acid Loader (chemical); Caustic Loader (chemical); Fats And Oils Loader (soap & rel.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

914.682-010 PUMPER (any industry) alternate titles: circulator; pump-machine operator; pump operator; pump runner; pump tender; siphoner

Operates power-driven pumps that transfer liquids, semiliquids, gases, or powdered materials, performing any combination of following duties: Observes pressure gauges and flowmeters, and adjusts valves to regulate speed of pumps and control pressure and rate of flow of materials. Transfers materials to and from storage tanks, processing tanks, trucks, railroad cars, ships, canals, and mines. Pumps crude oil from wells. Maintains pumps and lines by replacing filters and gaskets, tightening connections, and adjusting pumps, using handtools. May transfer liquids by siphoning. May connect pipelines between pumps and containers or storage tanks being filled or emptied. May collect samples of materials for laboratory analysis. May determine density of liquids, using hydrometer. May record quantity of item pumped. May inventory contents of storage tank, using calibrated rod, or by reading mercury gauge and tank charts. Usually receives verbal or written orders from superior as to amount to be pumped and is not responsible for mixing or processing. May be designated according to material pumped or area of work as Acid Pumper (chemical); Glycol-Service Operator (plastic-synth.); Irrigating-Pump Operator (agriculture); Tailings-Dam Pumper (smelt. & refin.); Yard Pumper (any industry).
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

914.685-010 FISH BAILER (fishing & hunt.)

Tends pumps to unload fish from hold of ship into screening tank on dock: Swings end of suction hose over hold of ship, and clamps hose in position. Forces fish from various parts of hold to point under suction pipe, using water hose. Climbs into hold of ship to guide suction hose into hard-to-reach areas.
GOE: 03.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

914.687-010 LABORER, PIPELINES (pipe lines)

Maintains area around pump stations and pipelines and services equipment, performing any combination of following tasks: Loads and unloads materials, tools, and equipment onto and from trucks by hand. Digs drainage ditches, cuts brush, and clears ground around pipe, using pick, shovel, wheelbarrow, and ax. Cleans feeder pipes with scrapers and steel brushes. Paints pipe, using brush and spray gun. Assists in carrying and laying of feeder pipes.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

914.687-014 LOADER HELPER (any industry)

Assists LOADER (any industry) I in pumping liquid chemicals, petroleum products, and other liquids into or from tank cars, trucks, or barges, performing any combination of following duties: Cleans tanks, using brooms, hose, and cleaning compound. Removes and replaces dome caps, using wrenches. Attaches ground cable to truck to prevent sparks due to static electricity when flammable or volatile material is to be loaded or unloaded. Connects hose to outlet plugs at bottom of tank to prepare car for unloading. Disconnects hose and replaces plugs after unloading, using wrenches. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

914.687-018 PUMPER HELPER (any industry)

Assists PUMPER (any industry) in pumping liquids from one vessel to another, from storage tanks to processing equipment, or from one process to another: Moves levers to adjust pumping pressure. Cleans pumps, using solvent and rags, lubricates pumps, using oilcan and grease gun. Dismantles pumps to be repaired and reassembles parts, using handtools. Tightens pipe connections between pumps and vessels, using wrenches. May collect random samples of liquid for laboratory analysis. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

915 ATTENDANTS AND SERVICERS, PARKING LOTS AND AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE FACILITIES

This group includes occupations concerned with parking, cleaning, polishing, lubricating, and refueling trucks, buses, and automobiles, and related servicing activities.

915.133-010 SUPERVISOR, PARKING LOT (automotive ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in parking automobiles in parking lot or storage garage: Prepares daily collection report and bank deposit. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May actuate parking meters in parking lot, using key. May verify daily reports against meter readings.
GOE: 09.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

915.134-010 TIRE-SERVICE SUPERVISOR (automotive ser.) alternate titles: manager, tire service

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in servicing and repairing automobile and truck tires and tubes: Examines damaged, defective, or flat tires to determine feasibility of repair and assigns workers to tasks, such as removing nails, changing tubes, installing boots, and changing tires on vehicles. May direct activities of workers engaged in repairing, relining, and adjusting vehicle brakes. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

915.137-010 CAR-WASH SUPERVISOR (automotive ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in washing and polishing automobiles and performing related services in automatic car wash: Inventories supplies, such as detergents, brushes, and tire-blacking compound. Quotes prices to customers desiring such services as automobile waxing and polishing. Accepts payment and makes change. Supervises personnel engaged in polishing and washing automobiles or parts of vehicles not washed by automatic mechanism. Inspects equipment for wear and arranges for repair or replacement as necessary. Resolves customer complaints. Keeps records of daily receipts, employee time and wage data, and supplies used. May participate in washing, polishing, and performance of other services during peak periods.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

915.467-010 AUTOMOBILE-SERVICE-STATION ATTENDANT (automotive ser.) alternate titles: filling-station attendant; gas-station attendant; gas tender; service-station attendant

Services automobiles, buses, trucks, and other automotive vehicles with fuel, lubricants, and accessories: Fills fuel tank of vehicles with gasoline or diesel fuel to level specified by customer. Observes level of oil in crankcase and amount of water in radiator, and adds required amounts of oil and water. Adds necessary amount of water to battery, and washes windshield of vehicle. Lubricates vehicle and changes motor oil [LUBRICATION SERVICER (automotive ser.) 915.687-018]. Replaces accessories, such as oil filter, air filter, windshield wiper blades, and fan belt. Installs antifreeze and changes spark plugs. Repairs or replaces tires [TIRE REPAIRER (automotive ser.) 915.684-010]. Replaces lights, and washes and waxes vehicle. Collects cash from customer for purchases and makes change or charges purchases, using customer's credit card. May adjust brakes [BRAKE ADJUSTER (automotive ser.) 620.684-018]. May sell batteries and automobile accessories usually found in service stations. May assist in arranging displays, taking inventories, and making daily reports.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

915.473-010 PARKING-LOT ATTENDANT (automotive ser.) alternate titles: automobile parker; parking attendant; parking-lot chauffeur; parking-station attendant; spotter

Parks automobiles for customers in parking lot or storage garage: Places numbered tag on windshield of automobile to be parked and hands customer similar tag to be used later in locating parked automobile. Records time and drives automobile to parking space, or points out parking space for customer's use. Patrols area to prevent thefts from parked automobiles. Collects parking fee from customer, based on charges for time automobile is parked. Takes numbered tag from customer, locates automobile, and surrenders it to customer, or directs customer to parked automobile. May service automobiles with gasoline, oil, and water. When parking automobiles in storage garage, may be designated Storage-Garage Attendant (automotive ser.). May direct customers to parking spaces.
GOE: 09.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

915.477-010 AUTOMOBILE-SELF-SERVE-SERVICE-STATION ATTENDANT (automotive ser.) alternate titles: cashier, automobile services; gasateria attendant; station attendant

Sells fuel, lubricants, and accessories at self-service station to operators of automobiles, buses, trucks, and other automotive vehicles: Allows customer to fill fuel tank of automotive vehicle with fuel, such as gasoline or diesel fuel, to desired level. Checks level of oil in crankcase and amount of water in radiator, and adds oil and water as requested by customer. Collects cash from customer for purchases and makes change or charges purchases, using customer's credit card. Prepares daily report of fuel, oil, and accessories sold. May lubricate vehicle, change motor oil, and replace accessories, such as oil filter, air filter, windshield wiper blades, and fan belt. May install antifreeze, change spark plugs, make minor brake adjustments, and repair or replace tires. May fill fuel tanks for customers. May service fishing boats and pleasure craft or drive tow boat vehicle to haul boats to and from dock and parking area and be designated Marine-Service-Station Attendant (water trans.).
GOE: 09.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

915.583-010 LOT ATTENDANT (retail trade)

Verifies receipt of new cars delivered to dealer and parks cars in new car lot in orderly manner: Compares serial numbers of incoming cars against invoice. Inspects cars to detect damage and to verify presence of accessories listed on invoice, such as spare tires and radio and stereo equipment. Records description of damages and lists missing items on delivery receipt. Parks new cars in assigned area according to model. Assigns stock control numbers to cars, and catalogs and stores keys. Reparks cars, following sales, to maximize use of space and maintain lot in order. Delivers sold cars to new car preparation department. Services cars in storage to protect tires, battery, and finish against deterioration.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

915.587-010 GAS-AND-OIL SERVICER (motor trans.) alternate titles: gas-and-oil checker

Refuels and oils motor vehicles, such as trucks and buses, in company garage: Refills vehicle radiator and washes windows of vehicle. Transports materials, such as filled and empty oil drums, using forklift. Compiles mileage records, fuel consumption log, and storage tank inventory.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

915.667-010 CAR-WASH ATTENDANT, AUTOMATIC (automotive ser.)

Performs any combination of following duties in automatic car wash: Directs patron to entrance of wash station or guides automobile onto wheel track of automatic mechanism. Cleans front and rear of vehicle, using brush and detergent. Activates wash mechanism and observes operation to detect equipment malfunctions. Notifies supervisor when malfunctions occur. Receives payment from customer or issues change for coin-operated equipment. Fills detergent and wax tanks, lubricates equipment, and replaces spray jets and hoses as needed. May vacuum interior of automobile.
GOE: 09.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

915.667-014 PARKING LOT SIGNALER (automotive ser.) alternate titles: general lot attendant

Directs vehicle drivers to specific parking spot, using hand signals: Lifts, positions, and removes barricades to open or close parking areas at direction of SUPERVISOR, PARKING LOT (automotive ser.) 915.133-010. Signals vehicle drivers with hands or flashlight to parking area or to spot within parking area at activities, such as sporting events, concerts, and expositions.
GOE: 09.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

915.684-010 TIRE REPAIRER (automotive ser.) alternate titles: tire-and-tube repairer; tire-and-tube servicer; tire fixer; tire servicer

Repairs damaged tires of automobiles, buses, trucks, and other automotive vehicles: Raises vehicle, using hydraulic jack, and unbolts wheel, using lug wrench. Removes wheel from vehicle by hand or, when repairing giant tires of heavy equipment, by use of power hoist. Locates puncture in tubeless tire by visual inspection or by immersing inflated tire in water bath and observing air bubbles emerging from puncture. Seals puncture in tubeless tire by inserting adhesive material and expanding rubber plug into puncture, using handtools. Separates tubed tire from wheel, using rubber mallet and metal bar or mechanical tire changer. Removes inner tube from tire and inspects tire casing for defects, such as holes and tears. Glues boot (tire patch) over rupture in tire casing, using rubber cement. Inflates inner tube and immerses it in water to locate leak. Buffs defective area of inner tube, using scraper, and patches tube with adhesive rubber patch or seals rubber patch to tube, using hot vulcanizing plate. Reassembles tire onto wheel, and places wheel on balancing machine to determine counterweights required to balance wheel. Hammers required counterweights onto rim of wheel. Cleans sides of white wall tires and remounts wheel onto vehicle. Responds to emergency calls to make repairs or replacements of damaged tires at customer's home or on road. May be designated according to specialty as Giant-Tire Repairer (automotive ser.); Tire Changer (automotive ser.); Tire Changer, Aircraft (air trans.); Tire Changer, Road Service (automotive ser.). May rotate tires to different positions on vehicle, using tire changing machine, handtools, and tire balancing machine.
GOE: 05.12.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

915.687-010 AUTOMOBILE-SEAT-COVER INSTALLER (automotive ser.)

Installs prefabricated seat covers in automobiles: Places covers over seats and backs, smoothing them by hand to remove wrinkles. Fastens covers by closing zippers, joining snap fasteners, or securing them to cushion frame or springs.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

915.687-014 GARAGE SERVICER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry)

Services trucks, buses, automobiles, and other automotive equipment used in industrial or commercial establishments: Inspects equipment to ascertain gasoline, oil, and water requirements. Tests batteries and tires. Changes oil and lubricates automotive equipment [LUBRICATION SERVICER (automotive ser.) 915.687-018]. May keep record of gas and oil supplied to each vehicle and gasoline and oil supplies in storage tanks.
GOE: 05.12.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

915.687-018 LUBRICATION SERVICER (automotive ser.) alternate titles: greaser; lubrication technician; oiler

Lubricates moving parts of automotive vehicles, such as automobiles, buses, and trucks: Injects grease into units, such as springs, universal joints, and steering knuckles, using hand or compressed-air powered grease gun. Inspects fluid level of steering gear, power steering reservoir, transmission, differential, rear axle housings, and shackles. Checks air pressure of tires. Lubricates moving parts with specified lubricants. Drains oil from crankcase and refills crankcase with required amount of oil. Sprays leaf springs with lubricant, using spray gun. Adds water to radiator and battery. Replaces oil and air filters. May sell lubrication and safety inspection services and maintain related records on regular customers, following up periodically with telephone, mail, or personal reminders.
GOE: 05.12.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

915.687-022 PORTER, USED-CAR LOT (retail trade; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: car cleaner; car porter; used-car-lot attendant

Cleans and services used cars at used-car lot: Cleans interior and exterior of cars being offered for sale. Repairs and changes tires. Keeps used-car lot neat and orderly. May clean and change spark plugs or replace windshield wiper blades and arms. May pick up and deliver cars to customers. May clean new cars. May replenish fluids for battery, radiator, crankcase, transmission, and brakes. May replace battery.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 82

915.687-026 STEAM CLEANER (automotive ser.) alternate titles: automobile washer, steam

Cleans engines, bodies, and chassis of automotive vehicles, using high pressure steam hose and detergent solution: Starts boiler to generate steam. Sprays steam and detergent solution over vehicle chassis, engine, or parts, to remove dirt and grease. Lowers engine or chassis parts into tank of detergent solution, by hand or by use of hoist, to clean inaccessible surfaces. Scrapes off adherent grime and grease, using wire brush or putty knife. May spray vehicle body with steam and caustic compound to remove paint. May clean forging dies and be designated Steam-Clean-Machine Operator (forging).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

915.687-030 TAXI SERVICER (motor trans.)

Services taxicab fleet and maintains terminal yard and office in orderly condition: Refuels and lubricates taxicabs [GAS-AND-OIL SERVICER (motor trans.)]. Changes and repairs tires [TIRE REPAIRER (automotive ser.)]. Cleans parking area and removes rubbish. Cleans offices and equipment [CLEANER, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL (any industry)].
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

915.687-034 AUTOMOBILE DETAILER (automotive ser.)

Cleans and refurbishes new and used automobiles, performing any combination of following duties: Washes vehicle exterior to clean cars, using cleaning solution, water, cloths, and brushes. Applies wax to auto body, and wipes or buffs surfaces to protect surfaces and preserve shine, using cloth or buffing machine. Vacuums interiors of vehicles to remove loose dirt and debris, using vacuum cleaner. Cleans upholstery, rugs, and other surfaces, using cleaning agents, applicators, and cleaning devices. Applies revitalizers and preservatives to vinyl or leather surfaces, and treats fabrics with spot and stain resistant chemicals to preserve and protect interior components. Cleans engine and engine compartment with steam cleaning equipment and various cleaning agents to remove grease and grime. Applies special purpose cleaners to remove foreign materials which do not respond to normal cleaning procedures, utilizing experience and following recommendations of product manufacturer. Paints engine components and related parts, using spray gun or aerosol can and masking material. Applies paint to chipped body surfaces of vehicle, using container of touchup paint. Applies dyes and reconditioning chemical to vinyl tops of vehicle to restore color and condition.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

919 MISCELLANEOUS TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with transportation. Occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with transportation and involving extensive record keeping activities are found in Group 248.

919.162-010 DISPATCHER, TRAFFIC OR SYSTEM (motor trans.; r.r. trans.)

Dispatches workers and equipment to prevent or rectify service disruptions of local transit system, using radiophone equipment: Receives reports of actual or anticipated disruptions and determines action required to rectify condition. Issues instructions to workers for maintenance and repair of roadway and structures. Coordinates movement of workers and equipment throughout system, using telephone communications system. Listens to radio traffic reports to alert TRAFFIC INSPECTOR (motor trans.; r.r. trans.) of conditions affecting schedules. Records service disruptions, time, and action taken. May supervise activities of maintenance crews.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

919.223-010 INSTRUCTOR, BUS, TROLLEY, AND TAXI (motor trans.; r.r. trans.)

Instructs students in driving buses, trolleys, or taxicabs, and evaluates their progress: Explains mechanical and electrical functions of various vehicles, using diagrams, charts, and jacked-up chassis. Demonstrates operation of vehicles to students. Observes students while driving to evaluate their performance and progress. Instructs students in methods of keeping records of cash receipts and accident reports. May instruct students in operating monorail trains.
GOE: 09.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

919.363-010 NEW-CAR INSPECTOR (motor trans.)

Inspects new cars prior to loading onto carriers: Examines car for scratches, dents, and broken glass. Drives car to detect motor noises, transmission malfunctions, and brake failure. Records findings. Drives cars onto trailer truck. Keeps record of cars until delivery.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.663-010 DELIVERER, CAR RENTAL (automotive ser.; retail trade) alternate titles: washer driver

Delivers rental cars to customers, and services them prior to delivery: Sweeps out and vacuum cleans interior of rental automobile. Washes windows and exterior of automobile, using water and other cleansing compounds and cloth. Regulates tire pressure and adds gasoline and oil. Adds water to battery and radiator. Delivers automobile to customer at specified pickup point. Collects rental payment and deposit from customer; and observes that customer reads and signs rental contract. May deliver new or used automobiles to customer from automobile dealership.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

919.663-014 DINKEY OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: larry-car operator; trammer

Controls dinkey engine powered by electric, gasoline, steam, compressed air, or diesel engine to transport and shunt cars at industrial establishment or mine: Controls movement of dinkey that transports coal, rock, timber, slag, or supplies by moving power controls and brake levers. Signals BRAKE HOLDER (any industry) by hand or whistle to couple cars. Positions cars for loading or unloading according to signals of DUMPER (any industry). Inspects engine at beginning and end of shift. May move levers to open or tilt cars to dump materials. May throw switches and couple cars. May fuel and lubricate engine. May inspect track for defects and assist in repairing track and installing additional rails and ties. May be designated according to kind of power used as Dinkey Operator, Compressed Air (any industry); according to work area as Dinkey Operator, Mine (mine & quarry); or material hauled as Dinkey Operator, Slag (smelt. & refin.); Dinkey Operator, Slate (mine & quarry). May operate flatcar equipped with derrick and be designated Derrick-Car Operator (r.r. trans.). May operate railcar to transport personnel and equipment in area of logging camp and be designated Rail-Car Operator (logging).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.663-018 DRIVER-UTILITY WORKER (auto. mfg.; automotive ser.)

Demonstrates, and delivers to purchasers, new and reconditioned buses, trucks, tractors, fire engines, and other heavy vehicles. Picks up and delivers parts, using light truck.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.663-022 ESCORT-VEHICLE DRIVER (motor trans.)

Drives vehicle equipped with warning lights and signs to escort trucks hauling mobile homes on public thoroughfares: Precedes escort and maintains specified distance between pilot vehicle and escort to provide warning to other motorists and to clear traffic at locations. Communicates by two-way radio with truck and other pilot vehicle drivers to coordinate changes in speed and route, emergencies, or traffic congestion.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

919.663-026 TOW-TRUCK OPERATOR (automotive ser.) alternate titles: tow-car driver; wrecker operator

Drives tow-truck to move motor vehicles damaged by accident, stalled, or ticketed by police for traffic violation: Receives call or is dispatched to location by repair garage, automobile association, or police department by radio or telephone. Attaches antisway bar to vehicle by means of cable, chains, or other grappling devices, and hoists one end of vehicle, using hand or powered winch, to tow vehicle to repair garage or to police department's impounding area. May make minor repairs to vehicles along highway, such as replacing spark plugs, batteries, and light bulbs, and connecting loose wires. May perform other duties when not engaged in towing, such as AUTOMOBILE-SERVICE-STATION ATTENDANT (automotive ser.); TIRE REPAIRER (automotive ser.). May dismantle vehicles to salvage parts, using such handtools as wrenches, pry bar, and hacksaws [AUTOMOBILE WRECKER (wholesale tr.)]. May remove, bend, or cut parts of damaged vehicles preparatory to towing.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

919.664-010 TEAMSTER (any industry) alternate titles: freighter; hauler; skinner; team driver; toter

Drives one or more draft animals to pull materials, vehicles, or implements, such as logs, wagons, grading scrapers, fertilizer spreaders, plows, or scoops: Jiggles, pulls, and slackens reins, and gives oral commands to control movement of team. May harness and hitch team to material, vehicle, or implement. May load and unload vehicle or manipulate levers, pedals, or holding devices to release material. May groom, feed, and water team and clean stable [STABLE ATTENDANT (any industry)]. May repair harness. May drive one or team of horses to skid logs from forest and be designated Snaker (logging). May be designated according to type of vehicle driven as Cart Driver (any industry); Dray Driver (any industry); Wagon Driver (any industry); or according to kind of animals driven as Horse-And-Wagon Driver (any industry); Mule Driver (any industry); or according to number of animals driven as Four-Horse Hitch Driver (any industry); Six-Horse Hitch Driver (any industry); Long-Line Teamster (any industry).
GOE: 03.04.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

919.682-010 BRIDGE OPERATOR, SLIP (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: bridge tender; slip tender

Controls horizontally and vertically adjustable bridge, between wharf and scow lashed to wharf, to allow railroad cars to be driven from land to scow: Moves bridge controls to extend and align bridge tracks with tracks on barge. Controls vertical movement of bridge in accordance with sinking of scow during loading. May lash scow to wharf with steel cable drawn taut by winch or windlass when tugboat brings scow into position.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.683-010 DOCK HAND (air trans.)

Operates motorboat to transport passengers or cargo to and from anchored amphibious airplanes and operates tractor to remove planes from water: Loads cargo or directs passengers aboard motorboat. Pilots boat to plane or dock and discharges cargo or passengers. Positions wheeled beaching gear at end of ramp in water and, standing in water, pushes and pulls plane over ramping gear. Drives tractor to draw plane and gear up ramp onto shore for removal to hangar. Cleans plane interiors and exteriors.
GOE: 05.08.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.683-014 DRIVER (auto. mfg.; automotive ser.) alternate titles: car driver

Drives completed motor vehicle off assembly line to specified repair, shipping, or storage area. May test performance of parts, such as lights, horn, and windshield wipers. May drive completed vehicle onto railroad freight car and secure vehicle for shipping. May drive customer's vehicle to and from service area of repair shop and be designated Car Jockey (automotive ser.).
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 90

919.683-018 RAIL-TRACTOR OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: ingot buggy operator

Drives electric car mounted on rails, to transport ingots and slabs from soaking pits to mill-approach-conveyor table: Moves lever controls to position car for receiving material from soaking pit. Drives car to mill-approach-conveyor table. Pulls lever to raise tilting cradle of car and deposit material on table. May operate car by remote control from pulpit and be designated Table Operator (steel & rel.).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.683-022 STREET-SWEEPER OPERATOR (government ser.) alternate titles: tractor-sweeper driver

Drives sweeping machine that cleans streets of trash and other accumulations: Fills water tank of machine from hydrant. Drives sweeper along street near curb. Moves controls to activate rotary brushes and water spray so that machine automatically picks up dust and trash from paved street and deposits it in dirt trap at rear of machine. Pulls lever to dump refuse in piles at curb for removal. May be employed by industrial plant, shopping center, or other establishment to drive modified sweeper through parking lots, factory aisles, or along private roads and be designated Power-Sweeper Operator (any industry). May drive machine that sucks leaves into vacuum chamber and be designated Leaf-Sucker Operator (government ser.). May drive vehicle equipped with rotating brushes to remove sand and litter from newly constructed highways and be designated Sweeper Operator, Highways (construction).
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

919.683-026 TRACKMOBILE OPERATOR (any industry)

Operates trackmobile to transport railcars or trailers to designated station areas: Drives trackmobile onto track and aligns steel wheels with rails. Moves lever that activates hydraulic device to raise rubber tires allowing steel wheels of vehicle to rest onto rails. Moves levers to couple trailers or railcars. Drives trackmobile to move railcars or trailers to specified areas, such as weighing, loading, and cleaning.
GOE: 05.08.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

919.683-030 DRIVER, STARTING GATE (amuse. & rec.)

Steers vehicle equipped with rear folding barrier (gate) that allows alignment and positioning of horses abreast of gate prior to official start of sulky (harness) race. Accepts control of vehicle acceleration from HORSE-RACE STARTER (amuse. & rec.) 153.267-010 who simultaneously actuates folding of gate at starting point of race. Drives vehicle off track to clear path for race.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

919.687-010 CHECKER (motor trans.)

Counts and herds cattle, hogs, or sheep as they are unloaded from shipping trucks in stockyard and verifies information on ticket, such as number of head, identifying markings on livestock, and designated commission agency: Marks time of arrival on ticket and gives it to shipper as receipt. Herds livestock into separate pens according to markings which identify commission agency to which stock is assigned. May mark identification on stock, using shears or chalk.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

919.687-014 CLEANER II (any industry)

Cleans interiors and exteriors of transportation vehicles, such as airplanes, automobiles, buses, railroad cars, and streetcars: Cleans interior of vehicle, using broom, cloth, mop, vacuum cleaner, and whisk broom. Cleans windows with water, cleansing compounds, and cloth or chamois. Replenishes sanitary supplies in vehicle compartments. Removes dust, grease, and oil from exterior surfaces of vehicles, using steam-cleaning equipment, or by spraying or washing vehicles, using spraying equipment, brush or sponge. May polish exterior of vehicle. May fumigate interior of vehicle, using fumigating gases or sprays. May be designated according to type of vehicle cleaned as Airplane Cleaner (air trans.); Automobile Washer (automotive ser.); Bus Cleaner (automotive ser.); Car Cleaner (r.r. trans.); Coach Cleaner (r.r. trans.); Truck Washer (dairy products). When cleaning aircraft interiors may be designated Cabin-Service Agent (air trans.).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

919.687-018 SAFETY INSPECTOR, TRUCK (automotive ser.; motor trans.)

Inspects diesel and gasoline motortrucks to ensure that trucks are equipped with accessories prescribed by law: Inspects truck for accessories, such as tools, chains, flares, and first aid kit. Inspects air lines and electric circuits, and reports needed repairs. May drive truck inside terminal yard and garage and position trailer for repair, loading, or unloading. May service vehicle with fuel and water.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

919.687-022 SUPPLIES PACKER (any industry) alternate titles: pack-train driver

Transports supplies and equipment by pack animals to places inaccessible by other means of transportation. Assembles equipment, loads and straps it on animals to prevent dislodgment during transit. Leads animals to destination.
GOE: 03.04.05 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

92 PACKAGING AND MATERIALS HANDLING OCCUPATIONS

This division includes occupations concerned with preparing and arranging materials and products in bulk and nonbulk forms for distribution or storage; moving and loading or unloading equipment, materials, and products; operating or tending filling, packing, and wrapping machines or conveyors; driving forklifts, lumber carriers, and related material-handling machinery and equipment; and using scoops, handtrucks, and wheelbarrows to load and move materials.

920 PACKAGING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with assembling containers; pouring and placing materials and products into containers; covering articles or goods with cellophane, paper, and other wrapping materials; cleaning, closing, labeling, stenciling, and stacking articles and containers; and operating or tending filling, packing, or wrapping machines.

920.130-010 SUPERVISOR, PACKING (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in packing sugar: Reads job order schedules to ascertain grist, type of containers, and packing priority. Directs changing of screens and machine setup according to work order specifications. Observes process stations to verify conformance of packaging, sugar sampling, and package weighing to quality control standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

920.132-010 PACKAGING SUPERVISOR (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in packaging products and materials for storage or shipment: Studies production order to ascertain type and quantity of product, containers to be used, and other packaging requirements. Inspects products prior to packaging and returns rejected products to production departments. Observes packaging operations and inspects containers to verify conformance to specifications. Starts, adjusts, and repairs packaging machinery, or notifies maintenance department. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Requisitions containers and other supplies for delivery to work stations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of container filled as Barrel Filler, Head (any industry); Bottling Supervisor (any industry); Can Supervisor (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

920.132-014 SUPERVISOR, CARTON AND CAN SUPPLY (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in forming cartons and stamping date on beer cans: Adjusts conveyors and can dating and carton forming machines. Verifies cans, can dates, and cartons against order specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

920.137-010 PACKING-HOUSE SUPERVISOR (agriculture; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: house supervisor; packing-shed supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, grading, storing, and shipping fruits and vegetables: Trains workers in grading and packing procedures in accordance with customers' specifications. Inspects storage area to determine freshness of produce and indicates produce to be packed and removed. Inspects packaged produce for conformance to customers' specifications. Directs workers engaged in icing loaded railroad cars or trucks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May repair packing equipment and machinery. May supervise workers engaged in constructing packing crates and boxes. May specialize in packing specific produce, such as apples, citrus fruit, or potatoes, or be designated according to produce packed as Banana-Ripening-Room Supervisor (wholesale tr.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 79

920.137-014 SORTING SUPERVISOR (brick & tile)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sorting tile and brick according to color and grade and in packing materials in cartons. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

920.137-018 SUPERVISOR (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting boxes of packaged chewing gum, wrapping boxes in cellophane, packing boxes in cartons, or unwrapping packages of defective gum. Trains new employees and evaluates work performance. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to process as Supervisor, Inspection Room (sugar & conf.); Supervisor, Unwrapping Room (sugar & conf.); Supervisor, Wrapping Room (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

920.137-022 SUPERVISOR, FILLING-AND-PACKING (paint & varnish)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in filling, coding, labeling, and packaging containers of paints and related products. Plans filling and labeling methods, according to knowledge of operations and type and quantity of product. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

920.137-026 SUPERVISOR, PACKING AND WRAPPING (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in packing or wrapping products and materials to protect them from damage during storage or shipment: Studies production orders and confers with other department supervisors to ascertain type and quantity of product to be shipped and packing requirements, such as containers or wrapping material to be used, and to coordinate department's activities with other departments. Inspects products prior to packing and wrapping and places rejected products aside or returns them to production departments. Observes packing and wrapping operations to verify conformance to specifications. Trains workers in packing and wrapping procedures. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise workers engaged in cleaning upholstered furniture of foreign material prior to packing and be designated Supervisor, Inspect, Clean-Up, And Wrap (furniture). May supervise workers engaged in final assembly of mirrors before packing and be designated Supervisor, Packing (glass products).
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

920.380-010 SETTER, JUICE PACKAGING MACHINES (can. & preserv.)

Sets up and adjusts can filling and sealing machines and caser machines to package juice in juice processing establishment: Selects filler tubes according to size of cans to be filled and installs and adjusts tubes in filling and sealing machines, following production specifications and using wrench. Adjusts tension controls on filling and sealing machines to regulate pressure of filling, capping, and sealing mechanisms, following operation manual and using screwdriver. Sets and adjusts caser machine controls that position feed hopper, folding and pressure rollers, and conveyor guides to encase products in conformity with size and shape specifications, using mechanic's handtools. Starts machines, monitors filling, sealing, and casing operations, and adjusts machines to conform with operations specifications and production requirements. Replaces worn or damaged machine parts. Dismantles, cleans, and reassembles machines. Cleans machines and lubricates moving parts [MACHINE CLEANER (any industry) 699.687-014]. Occasionally installs cables to connect machines to power source, using electrician's handtools.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

920.387-010 INSPECTOR, PACKAGING MATERIALS (pharmaceut.) alternate titles: packaging inspector

Examines, measures, and tests containers and materials used to package drug and cosmetic products for conformity to specifications: Examines and rejects tubes, bottles, cartons, caps, stoppers, and related materials containing such flaws as chips, cracks, torn labels, or discoloration. Measures containers and cap samples to verify specified dimensions, using micrometer, gauge, or caliper. Fills containers with liquid and pours into graduate to verify container capacity. Records inspection or test results. May test components, such as stoppers and seals, using hardness tester. May count, pour, or weigh out contents of sample containers to verify data on label. May determine viscosity of fluids, using viscometer. May convert liquid measure to avoirdupois weight, using calculating machine or slide rule.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

920.482-010 ICICLE-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Operates machine to form, fill, and seal tubelike cellophane container with flavored sweet water to make icicle: Adds flavor extract to sweet water in tank according to formula. Connects hose lines from tank to icicle machine. Mounts roll of cellophane on spindle of machine and threads end of cellophane through guide rollers into feed mechanism. Adjusts spindle counterweights to regulate tension on cellophane. Starts machine and turns valves to admit sweet water into spout of machine. Turns on heating element that fuses seams of cellophane. Moves levers to control flow of icicle fluid into machine. Removes packaged icicles from discharge end of machine. Places icicles into containers and places containers on conveyor.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

920.586-010 MASKING-MACHINE FEEDER (plastic-synth.)

Feeds machine that covers plastic sheets with paper to protect sheets during final processing and shipping: Feeds sheets between rollers of masking machine. Lifts masked sheets from discharge end of machine and places sheets on trucks. Segregates masked sheets according to quality as indicated on tickets. Places masked sheet over lighted table or rack to make previously marked defective areas visible, and traces outlines onto masked surface, using crayon.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.587-010 CLOTH-BOLT BANDER (textile) alternate titles: backer and bander, cloth; folded-cloth taper; taper

Fastens paper bands around bolts of cloth preparatory to wrapping or shipping: Places bolt of cloth on table over paper bands stacked in slots. Folds edge of cloth under and fastens band near each end of bolt, using tape or glue. Marks yardage on end of center board and records yardage according to lot number. May wrap cloth. May paste labels on center board.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.587-014 LABEL CODER (any industry) alternate titles: label marker

Cuts notches in container or bottle labels to indicate data, such as type, batch, date, and destination of product, following predetermined code: Turns setscrews to space and lock blades of notching device according to coding guide, using ruler. Clamps stack of labels on bed of notching device and pushes bed forward to force labels against blades. Prepares label-coding report. May insert or remove symbols, using tweezers to set up carton-coding wheels. May wash defective labels from bottles.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.587-018 PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: hand packager

Packages materials and products manually, performing any combination of following duties: Cleans packaging containers. Lines and pads crates and assembles cartons. Obtains and sorts product. Wraps protective material around product. Starts, stops, and regulates speed of conveyor. Inserts or pours product into containers or fills containers from spout or chute. Weighs containers and adjusts quantity. Nails, glues, or closes and seals containers. Labels containers, container tags, or products. Sorts bundles or filled containers. Packs special arrangements or selections of product. Inspects materials, products, and containers at each step of packaging process. Records information, such as weight, time, and date packaged. May stack, separate, count, pack, wrap, and weigh bakery products and be designated Bakery Worker (bakery products). May apply preservative to aircraft and spaceship parts, package parts for shipment, and be designated Wrapper and Preserver (aircraft mfg.). May be designated according to whether high-production or small-lot packaging as Fancy Packer (retail trade; wholesale tr.); Packaging-Line Attendant (any industry); specific packaging duty performed as filling, wrapping, packing, labeling, and container cleaning as Sack Sewer, Hand (any industry); kinds of equipment used or product packaged as Candle Wrapper (fabrication, nec); Carton Stapler (any industry); or whether packager performs associated duties as final assembly before packaging product as Novelty-Balloon Assembler And Packer (rubber goods). May weigh and package meat in retail store and be designated Meat Wrapper (retail trade). May be designated: Bagger (any industry); Bow Maker, Gift Wrapping (any industry); Box Maker, Cardboard (any industry); Box Wrapper (any industry); Bundler (any industry); Candy Packer (sugar & conf.); Caser, Rolled Glass (glass mfg.); Coil Strapper (steel & rel.); Container Filler (any industry); Filler (any industry); Furniture Packer (retail trade); Grader, Sausage And Wiener (meat products); Guncotton Packer (chemical); Inserter, Promotional Item (any industry); Inspector-Packager (any industry); Lidder (any industry); Mattress Packer (furniture); Packager, Meat (meat products); Packer, Dried Beef (meat products); Packer, Foamed-In-Place (any industry); Packer, Sausage And Wiener (meat products); Piece-Goods Packer (textile); Scaler, Sliced Bacon (meat products); Sponge Packer (wholesale tr.); Stamper (any industry); Table Worker (any industry); Tube Packer (rubber tire); Wrapper (any industry); Wrapper, Hand (can. & preserv.); Wrapping Remover (any industry). Workers who tend packaging machines are classified under PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) 920.685-078.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 88

920.587-022 SAMPLE CLERK, HANDKERCHIEF (garment)

Packs sample kits containing specified handkerchief styles for sales personnel. Records samples assigned to each salesperson. Sends soiled samples to be cleaned and returns samples to sales personnel.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.587-026 MARKER, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS (electron. comp.)

Scribes identifying information onto semiconductor wafer, using metal stylus (scribe): Obtains container loaded with semiconductor wafers and removes wafers from container, using tweezers. Marks lot number and description number in designated area of wafers, following specifications and using metal stylus. Records production data. Cleans containers, using soap and water.
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

920.665-010 CARTON-PACKAGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: packing-machine inspector

Tends machine that packs and seals packaged tobacco products into cartons: Examines packaged products on conveyor to detect defects, such as defective folds or seams in wrappers or tear tape, offcentered stamps, or dents in cans. Removes defective packages and notifies CIGARETTE-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) or TOBACCO-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco). Observes flow of cartons into machine and removes defective cartons. Notifies MACHINE ADJUSTER (tobacco) of machine malfunction. May form and place cartons on machine. May turn setscrews to set carton-holding guides to accommodate cartons of various sizes. May be known according to product packaged as Cigarette-Boxing-Machine Operator (tobacco). Workers who package product by hand are classified under PACKER (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.665-014 RACK-ROOM WORKER (beverage) alternate titles: corker; filler; racker; stacker; stamper

Tends machines that fill metal kegs with beer in keg-filling (racking) room of brewery: Pushes metal keg or barrel onto conveyor leading to racking machine. Lifts barrel from conveyor and positions barrel on machine. Lowers filling arm of counter-pressure filling machine (racker), and fits nozzle into bung. Turns valves that pressurize barrel and start flow of beer. Turns valve that releases filling arm when sight glass indicates barrel is full and raises arm. Pounds wooden plug into bung, using mallet. Presses pedal to roll barrel onto conveyor. Affixes revenue stamp over taphole, using staples or glue. Rolls barrel from conveyor to loading chute or storage area. Washes machine and floor, using hose.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.667-010 CIGARETTE-PACKAGE EXAMINER (tobacco) alternate titles: cellophane-wrapping examiner; package reinspector; packing-machine inspector

Examines packages of cigarettes to detect packing or wrapping defects: Gathers sample package from each packing and wrapping machine and weighs package to determine whether weight of cigarettes and package conforms to standards. Pulls tear tape, removes cellophane wrapper, and examines glue line to detect defective gluing. Opens packages with defective folding, printing, or stamp alignment and returns cigarettes for rewrapping. Records weight and number of defective packages from each machine. Notifies CELLOPHANE WRAPPER, MACHINE (any industry) or CIGARETTE-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) of defects.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

920.667-014 SNUFF-CONTAINER INSPECTOR (tobacco)

Examines filled snuff containers, such as cans, tumblers, and casings to determine if weight of container and wrapping conform to company standards: Weighs random containers on scales to detect variations from weight tolerances. Examines containers for defects, such as loosely sealed or misplaced labels and stamps. Discards defective containers for salvage, and notifies packing workers of defects. May replace missing labels on containers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.680-010 FILLING-MACHINE SET-UP MECHANIC (food prep., nec)

Sets up filling and sealing machines to pack potato chips in bags: Selects spouts according to size of bags being filled and attaches spouts to circular conveyor of filling machine, using handtools. Adjusts height of conveyor that moves filled bags from spouts of circular conveyor. Sets filling-machine scales according to weight specified for filled bags. Starts heating unit of sealing machine and sets date on stamping unit of sealing machine. Fills inkwell of stamping unit and regulates flow of ink onto stamp pad. Places container under conveyor to catch chips from overflow of filling machine and dumps chips into filling-machine hopper. Distributes supplies, such as bags and boxes, to workers engaged in tending machines. Transports boxes of potato chips to storage area, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.684-010 CRATER (any industry) alternate titles: boxer; carpenter, packing; case maker

Fabricates wooden crates or boxes, using woodworking handtools and powered tools, and packs such items as machinery, vehicles, or other large or odd-shaped products: Reads blueprints, shipping notices, and other specifications, and inspects product to determine size and shape of container, materials to be used, and types of supports and braces to be used. Lays out dimensions on materials with ruler, measuring tape, and pencil. Saws materials to size, using handsaws and powered saws. Assembles materials, using nailing or stapling machine, screws, bolts, glue, and handtools. Places product in container, manually or using hoist. Bolts heavy pieces to bottom of container or skid. Wraps and pads product with excelsior, paper or other packing material. Builds crate around large or odd-shaped articles. Nails cover on crate. Wraps and tightens metal bands around crate, using banding equipment. Attaches identification labels or stencils containing such information as shipping destination, weight, and type of product contained on crate. Repairs broken crates. May cover military tanks and other equipment with neoprene or other protective covering to protect them during shipment. May count items to be packed to ensure compliance with shipping orders. May weigh loaded crate. May move container to shipping area, and move lumber, paper, and other wrapping supplies to crating area, using hand or industrial truck. May sharpen saw blades, using file. May be designated according to item crated as Machinery Crater (machinery mfg.); Refrigerator Crater (svc. ind. mach.), or specific duty performed as Crate Repairer (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

920.685-010 BALING-MACHINE TENDER (any industry) alternate titles: baler operator; baling-press operator; press operator; tie puller; waste baler

Tends machine that compresses and binds paper, cloth, or other loose materials to facilitate handling: Trucks or carries materials to baling machine. Places materials in compression chamber of baling machine. Moves lever or electric switch, causing ram to compress material. Threads tie bands around bale and twists or clamps ends of bands to tighten bands. Opens compression chamber doors and removes bale from machine. May truck bales to storage place, weigh bales, and record weight. May line compression chamber of baling machine with paper, burlap, or other covering before baling. May sew or tie wrapping in place after baling, and stencil bales. May be designated according to material baled as Cloth Baler (textile); Feather Baler (text. prod., nec); Metal Baler (any industry); Paper Baler (paper goods); Rag Baler (laundry & rel.); Tobacco Baler (tobacco); Corn-Husk Baler (grain-feed mills); Hair Baler (leather mfg.); Leather Baler (leather mfg.); Offal Baler (leather mfg.); Scrap Baler (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

920.685-014 BANDER-AND-CELLOPHANER, MACHINE (tobacco)

Tends machine that wraps trademark band and cellophane wrapper around cigars: Loads hopper with cigars and magazine with trademark bands. Places roll of cellophane on spindle and threads cellophane through guides and tension rollers into machine. Starts heating unit that seals cellophane wrapper. Starts machine and turns thumbscrews to set guides and regulate tension of cellophane fed into machine. Inspects cigars for defective banding or wrapping. Packs wrapped cigars in boxes.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-018 BB SHOT PACKER (ordnance) alternate titles: shot-tube-machine tender

Tends machine that automatically fills paper tubes with BB shot for air rifles and crimps tube ends: Starts machine and observes action to detect malfunctioning. Fills stations on dial plate manually with tubes from hopper when automatic feed skips. Removes damaged tubes from feeder plate. Examines BB shot tubes for grease smears, tears, and malformed ends. Stamps cardboard box flats with identifying data. Folds flats into boxes and fills with shot-filled tubes. Places filled boxes on rollers for sealing.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-022 BLOCKER (tex. prod., nec)

Tends machine that automatically fastens cardboard disks to sides of core or tube to form reel: Places bottom half of disk on machine bed. Places filled roll of ribbon on disk, and top half of disk on roll. Trips pedal to bring hammer down and press disk on core to complete reel. Stamps and packs reels in boxes. May adjust machine.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-026 BOTTLE PACKER (beverage) alternate titles: caser

Tends machine that inserts filled beer bottles into cardboard cartons: Positions empty carton on platform below automatic packer. Presses pedal to raise platform to packer level and to deposit bottles in carton. Releases pedal and pushes full carton onto conveyor. Straightens or resets partitions in carton.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-030 CANDLE WRAPPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (fabrication, nec)

Tends machine that wraps candles in plastic material, decorative paper or foil: Installs roll of wrapping material in machine, and threads end of roll through machine guides. Moves controls to set suction pickup mechanism for specified vacuum to produce uniformly wrapped product without damage to wrapper. Places candles in cups of rotating machine table, replenishing supply as candles are automatically wrapped. May pack candles in box.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-034 CARDER (any industry) alternate titles: card assembler; carding-machine operator

Tends machine that stitches articles, such as hairpins, hooks and eyes, knitting needles, and snap fasteners, onto cards for sales presentation: Mounts cones of threads onto spindles and threads ends through guides. Stacks cards in gravity fed hopper. Starts machine and observes machine for jams as articles drop down feeder tubes and are stitched onto moving card. Cuts stitching between cards to separate cards, using scissors, and stacks filled cards. May attach articles on cards, using staples, elastic, or metal fasteners. May be designated according to type of article mounted as Metal-Hairpin Carder (any industry); Pin Inserter (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-038 CASE PACKER AND SEALER (tobacco) alternate titles: container-packer operator

Tends machine that packs and seals cartons of cigarettes in shipping cases: Starts machine and conveyor belt and observes flow of cartons on conveyor to determine whether cartons are filled and sealed according to specifications and that date stamp is legible. Removes defective cartons. Shapes collapsible cases and places open end of case over mouthpiece of packing unit, or loads blank shipping cases onto feed magazine. May adjust counting and weighing mechanism on packing machine.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.685-042 CASE-LOADER OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: can-bander operator; six-pack-loader operator; six-pack packer

Tends machines and equipment that pack cartons with beer containers for shipment, using any of following methods: (1) Stacks flattened six-pack cartons in rack of machine. Starts machine that automatically opens carton, loads carton with cans of beer, and closes and moves carton onto conveyor. Clears jams when machine automatically stops and presses button to restart machine. (2) Opens and places cartons on conveyor of machine that automatically loads and seals cartons with four six-packs. (3) Folds back flaps of carton bottom and holds carton against chute of loading machine. Moves lever of machine to load carton with four six-packs and drops filled carton onto conveyor for transfer to sealing machine. (4) Starts machine that automatically receives, assembles, loads, and seals cartons. May turn setscrews to adjust such devices as carton opener and gluer.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-046 CIGAR BRANDER (tobacco)

Tends machine that stamps trademark on cigar wrapper: Fills ink well on machine. Positions cellophane-wrapped cigars on conveyor leading into machine and starts machine. Places trays at delivery end of machine to catch branded cigars and removes filled trays. Observes machine operation to determine that stamping conforms to specifications. Cleans ink roller and type, using ink solvent and rags. May tend similar machine that brands directly on cigar.
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-050 CIGARETTE-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: packaging operator

Tends machine that forms cigarette packages, fills packages with cigarettes, wraps packages with cellophane, and attaches stamps: Pulls lever to lock tray of cigarettes over hopper and removes bottom of tray to allow cigarettes to fall into hopper. Fills label hopper and stamp hopper, and pours paste into receptacle. Places spool of paperbacked foil on spindle and threads foil through rollers and guides. Starts machine and inspects packages for defects in folding, centering of labels, or gluing of stamp and wrapper. Cleans machine, using brush, and turns thumbscrews to adjust guides and rollers. May tend machine with cellophane-wrapping attachment [CELLOPHANE WRAPPER, MACHINE (any industry)].
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.685-054 COTTON-ROLL PACKER (protective dev.)

Tends machine that rolls absorbent surgical cotton into rolls and packs rolls in cardboard cartons for shipment: Places empty shipping cartons on conveyor rollers. Pushes button to start automatic cotton-layer machine that rolls absorbent cotton between paper. Inserts rolled cotton in cardboard containers. Fills shipping cartons with containers and places glued paper tape on tops to seal cartons.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-058 FEED WEIGHER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: feed elevator worker

Tends machine that fills and sews tops of sacks of stockfeed: Shakes bag open, places bag under chute, and presses pedal that releases preweighed batch of feed into sack. Lifts filled sack on bag-closing machine conveyor, folds end of sack, and clamps sewing unit in place. Starts sewing device which automatically sews tops of bag. May hand sew tops of filled sacks. May weigh filled sacks, using platform scales.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-062 HYDRAULIC-PRESS OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: hogshead-press operator; prize jacker

Tends hydraulic press that packs tobacco into hogsheads (containers) for storage or shipment: Reads scales to determine whether specified amount of tobacco has been packed in hogshead and $T3charger.$T1 Pulls hogshead and charger from chute or packing line, using metal hook, and positions hogshead under ram of press. Pushes lever to lower ram or to raise hogshead against ram to press tobacco into hogshead. Removes hogshead from press and pulls charger from hogshead onto rack, using hook, or raises charger from hogshead, using electric hoist. May place metal reinforcement corset around hogshead to prevent staves from bursting under pressure. [Workers who tend machines that fill and ram-pack hogsheads are classified as PACKER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-066 LABELING-MACHINE OPERATOR (recording)

Tends machine that attaches gummed identification labels to phonograph records: Places labels on machine spindle and turns on heating element in ram of machine. Positions record on machine bed and presses pedal to start labeling mechanism. Removes labeled record while simultaneously positioning unlabeled record on machine. Repeats operations to label reverse side of record. May tend machine that attaches labels and punches hole in center of records in same operation.
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-070 LACE-ROLLER OPERATOR (leather prod.) alternate titles: belt roller

Tends machine that winds leather belting or shoelaces onto cardboard or wooden spool for shipment: Mounts and clamps roll of leather stripping on spindle of winding machine. Slides empty spool onto winding axle, and threads leather between pressure rollers, under machine counter, and onto spool. Starts machine that winds leather onto spool. Observes machine counter and stops machine after specified amount of leather has been wound onto spool. Cuts leather from roll, using knife. Removes spool from winding axle and packs spool in shipping container or wraps spool in paper.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-074 PACKAGE SEALER, MACHINE (any industry)

Tends machines that seal filled cardboard boxes, cartons, paper, cellophane, or plastic bags: Fills glue and water reservoir. Inserts rolls of paper tape into holders. Starts sealing machine and observes operation to detect faulty sealing and prevent conveyor jamming. Feeds cartons into machine and removes cartons from discharge conveyor. Feeds filled cellophane or glassine bags into machine that heats and seals top of bag. May adjust holding guides and conveyor line tripping mechanism that regulates movement of carton through gluing and flap-turning mechanism. May pack containers. May stamp identifying data on carton. May inspect contents of package to verify size, color, or brand of article. May be designated according to product packaged as Cigarette-Carton Sealer (tobacco); type of machine operated as Box-Sealing-Machine Catcher (any industry); Hot-Sealing-Machine Operator (any industry); or task performed as Box-Sealing-Machine Feeder (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

920.685-078 PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) alternate titles: machine operator, packaging

Tends machine that performs one or more packaging functions, such as filling, marking, labeling, banding, tying, packing, or wrapping containers: Starts machine and observes operation to detect malfunctions of machine. Stops machine and reports malfunction to supervisor. Makes minor adjustments or repairs, such as opening valves, changing forming and cutting dies, setting guides, or clearing away damaged product containers. Inspects filled container to ensure that product is packaged according to specifications. May feed product to conveyors, hoppers, or other feeding devices and unload packaged product. May replenish packaging supplies, such as wrapping paper, plastic sheet, boxes, cartons, glue, ink, or labels. May mount supplies on spindles or place supplies in hopper or other feeding devices. May position and hold container in machine and depress pedal, press button, or move lever to clean, glue, label, sew, or staple container. May cut stencils and stencil information on container, such as lot number or shipping destination. May tally number of units of product packaged or record information, such as size, weight, and type of products packaged. May be designated according to specific function or functions performed by machine tended as Bottle Washer, Machine (any industry) II; Capping-Machine Operator (any industry); Container-Maker-Filler-Packer Operator (any industry); Filling-Machine Operator (any industry); Labeler, Machine (any industry); Wrapping-Machine Operator (any industry). May be designated: Aerosol-Line Operator (any industry); Bag Printer (chemical); Blister-Packing-Machine Tender (any industry); Bread-Wrapping-Machine Feeder (bakery products); Candy-Wrapping-Machine Operator (sugar & conf.); Carton-Gluing-Machine Operator (any industry); Cellophane Wrapper, Machine (any industry); Cover Marker (paint & varnish); Glassine-Machine Tender (any industry); Packing-Machine Tender (any industry); Palletizer Operator (any industry) II; Sack Sewer, Machine (any industry); Silk Screener (optical goods); Spring Crater (furniture); Stencil Cutter, Machine (any industry); Tea-Bag-Machine Tender (food prep., nec); Tire Wrapper (automotive ser.; rubber tire); Tube-Filling Machine Operator (can. & preserv.; chemical); Tying-Machine Operator (any industry); Wrapping-And-Packing-Machine Operator (any industry). Workers who package products by hand are classified under PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018. May act as lead worker.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

920.685-082 PACKER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (tobacco) alternate titles: press operator, automatic

Tends packing machine and press that fill containers with tobacco: Positions empty container under $T3charger$T1 and pushes button to lower charger onto container. Starts flow of tobacco into container and observes signal lights to determine stage of filling-packing. Reads scales to determine when specified weight is attained. Pushes buttons to lower hydraulic ram into container to press tobacco and to divert flow of tobacco to another container. Raises ram and charger and removes container. May record grade and district (locality where grown) on ticket and staple ticket onto container. [Workers who tend machines that only ram-pack hogsheads (containers) are classified as HYDRAULIC-PRESS OPERATOR (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-086 PACKING-MACHINE-PILOT CAN ROUTER (tobacco) alternate titles: pilot-can router

Tends machine that fills chute of snuff-filling or pipe-tobacco-filling machine with cans. Shifts lever to direct flow of cans into chutes.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-090 ROLL FINISHER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: roll wrapper

Tends machines to wrap and seal rolls of paper for shipment: Places paper roll and wrapping roll on steel rollers opposite each other, using hoist. Glues end of wrapping roll on paper roll, moves lever to wind wrapping paper around paper roll, and cuts and glues wrapping paper at end of wrap, using knife and brush. Crimps wrapping paper over ends of paper roll and glues paper heads and caps over ends to seal. Pushes wrapped-paper roll between electrically heated pressure plates of capping machine and pulls lever to move plates against ends to seal heads. May insert wooden plug in ends to maintain contour of wrapped roll. May stencil shipping information on wrapped roll and attach labels. May roll or truck wrapped roll to weighing scale. May wrap and seal pony (small) rolls of paper and be designated Pony-Roll Finisher (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-094 SNUFF-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco)

Tends machine that fills cans with snuff and seals lids on cans: Presses buttons to start or stop machine. Observes operation of machine for malfunctions and to determine if cans are filled and sealed according to specifications. May fill hopper of machine with lids. May weigh random sample of filled can to determine if weight specifications are met. May turn handwheel to increase or decrease rate of feed when filled cans deviate from weight specifications.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.685-098 TOBACCO-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: packing-and-stamping machine operator

Tends machines that fill packages with tobacco: Fills wrapper magazine with wrappers or mounts roll of paper on machine spindle and pulls end of paper through rollers to folding mechanism. Turns screw or wheel to set automatic weighing mechanism to feed specified amount of tobacco into each package. Notifies FEEDER-CATCHER, TOBACCO (tobacco) and PACKING-MACHINE CAN FEEDER (tobacco) to start feeding tobacco and tins to machine. Observes filling of packages to ensure each pack is filled with tobacco. Inspects packages for defects, such as torn paper, dents in tins, loose tops on tins, and defective sealing. Weighs packages periodically to verify accuracy of weighing mechanism. May be designated according to tobacco or container packed as Bag-Filler-Machine Operator (tobacco); Can-Filling-Machine Operator (tobacco); Pouch-Making-Machine Operator (tobacco); Smoking-Tobacco-Packing-Machine Hand (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.685-102 WRAPPER (metal prod., nec) alternate titles: rewinder

Tends rewinding machine that winds wire-screen cloth from loose rolls into tight rolls for shipment: Attaches end of roll of wire to winding mechanism. Starts machine and examines screens for defects during operation. Stops machine and removes roll when meter indicates specified footage has been wound.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.685-106 CUBING-MACHINE TENDER (concrete prod.)

Tends machine that stacks and binds cured concrete blocks into packages of specified dimensions for shipping: Places strapping tape on machine feed spindles and threads tape through guides and rollers of machine. Presses buttons to activate conveyor that positions blocks under binding mechanism of machine, and flips switch to start machine that automatically wraps strapping tape around specified number of blocks to form cube-shaped packages. Presses buttons to set machine pressure gauges that regulate tension of strapping tape. Observes blocks on conveyor to detect imperfections, such as chips, cracks, or discolorations, and replaces defective blocks. Manually rearranges blocks on conveyor, when required, to maintain prescribed order. Stops conveyor and machine when jams occur and clears jams, using metal bar. Adjusts machine guides to package blocks of different styles and sizes, using wrench. May attach identification tags to packages. May tend machine that stacks and binds brick into packages and be designated Strapping-Machine Tender (brick & tile).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

920.685-110 BUNDLE TIER AND LABELER (saw. & plan.)

Tends bundling machine that ties and labels stacks of lumber: Fills machine hoppers with labels and staples. Depresses pedal to activate conveyor that brings stacks of lumber to machine. Slides stack of lumber onto machine conveyor. Pushes stack into machine that automatically clamps boards together and staples label on end of boards. Ties cord around stack while stack is clamped in machine to form bundle. Pushes bundle along conveyor after bundle is automatically released from machine. May tally number of bundles on production sheet.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

920.685-114 COTTON BALER (agriculture) alternate titles: presser, cotton ginning

Tends hydraulic press that bales ginned cotton: Spreads piece of burlap or jute bale covering on bed of chamber in press. Starts equipment that dumps and tamps bulk cotton in chamber. Observes level of cotton in chamber and stops loading equipment when chamber contains required amounts of cotton. Positions loaded chamber under ram of press. Starts press to compress cotton. Fastens bands around bale and loads bale on handtruck. Moves handtruck onto platform of scale and records weight of bale. May determine number of compressed bales to be obtained from bulk cotton, according to total weight of cotton.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

920.686-010 BANDER-AND-CELLOPHANER HELPER, MACHINE (tobacco) alternate titles: banding-and-cellophane-wrapping-machine-operator helper

Assists BANDER-AND-CELLOPHANER, MACHINE (tobacco) in wrapping trademark band and cellophane wrapper around cigars. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-014 COTTON-BALL BAGGER (protective dev.)

Removes absorbent cotton surgical sponges from automatic balling machine, observes sponges for size and shape, and fills bags with specified number of sponges. Places filled bags in cartons for shipment. May fold and seal plastic bag tops, using electric iron.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-018 FOLDING-MACHINE FEEDER (tex. prod., nec)

Feeds pillowcases, towels, or other articles into machine that folds articles for wrapping. May start, stop, and adjust machine.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-022 ORDER FILLER, LINSEED OIL (oils & grease)

Fills cans, drums, and other containers with linseed oil for shipment: Connects hose from oil storage tank to scale hopper. Places empty container beneath hopper outlet. Adjusts scales and opens oil storage tank valve to permit flow of oil into scale hopper (flow of oil automatically stops at specified weight). Opens hopper valve to fill container with oil. Screws bung in place or seals cover on container manually. May fill empty containers with oil directly from storage tank and weigh filled containers, using platform scales. May stencil shipping information, such as oil blend, weight, and consignee's name and address on containers. May move filled containers to storage area.
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-026 PACKING-FLOOR WORKER (tobacco)

Unloads boxes of cigars from handpresses and keeps packed cigar containers in order: Turns handscrews to relieve pressure on press and lifts packing box to rack. Prepares identifying labels and attaches labels to boxes in rack. Transfers rack to stockroom, using lift truck. Attaches labels to press to prevent mixing different types of cigars during packing. Turns handwheel to move pressing head against stacked boxes. Supplies CIGAR PACKER (tobacco) with empty boxes and moves material to and from bench.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-030 PACKING-MACHINE CAN FEEDER (tobacco) alternate titles: can feeder; tin-can feeder

Places cans, paper packs, or glass tumblers on conveyor belt of machine that automatically fills containers with tobacco products. May inspect containers for defects.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-034 PAD-MACHINE FEEDER (saw. & plan.)

Feeds machine that compresses and wraps excelsior to make pads used in packing furniture and other products: Spreads excelsior on feed conveyor and observes operation to detect jamming of material and packaging defects. May fill glue reservoir, mount roll of paper on machine, and adjust conveyor guides and speed controls.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-038 POLY-PACKER AND HEAT-SEALER (protective dev.)

Feeds machine that seals sterilized dressings into plastic bags and packs bags in cardboard cartons: Inserts sterilized dressing into plastic bag and folds open end to prepare for sealing. Feeds folded end into machine that seals bag. Presses and examines bag for airtight seal. Packs specified number of bags in cardboard cartons.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-042 PRESS BUCKER (any industry)

Removes pressed bales of material, such as cotton, hay, wastepaper, waste metals, and rags from baling machine, using hook. May push bales to storage area, using handtruck. When removing pressed bales of materials by shoving steel band through press platen, is designated Band Shover, Press (agriculture).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.686-046 SPOOLER, SEQUINS (plastic prod.) alternate titles: sequins winder

Winds strings of plastic sequins on spools preparatory to shipment: Pulls string of sequins through yardage indicator and cuts off specified length. Examines string for broken threads, knots, and irregular lay of sequins. Feeds string into winding machine that winds string on spool.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.686-050 TRAY FILLER (tobacco) alternate titles: packing presser; tray packer

Fills trays with cigars and loads press that compresses cigars into square shape for packing: Places cigars previously sorted for color onto packing trays, and carries trays to press. Stacks trays on bed of press and places paper between trays. Turns handwheel to lower head of press that compresses cigars.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-010 APPLE-PACKING HEADER (agriculture)

Affixes lids on apple-filled barrels, using foot-operated or power-driven press, or hand mallet and cooper's iron. May rearrange top layer of fruit to make lid fit properly. May fasten lids on other containers.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-014 BAGGER (retail trade) alternate titles: grocery packer

Bags groceries at grocery store: Packs grocery items in sacks or cartons, arranging heavy and bulky items at bottom of sack or carton. Verifies price of grocery item in question against price of items on stock shelf, upon request. Carries packed sacks, or places sacks in grocery cart, and pushes cart to customer's vehicle, upon request. Places groceries into customer's vehicle. Collects shopping carts from parking lot and surrounding areas and returns carts to store. Replaces cleaning and packing supplies used at grocery checkout counter. Returns grocery items left at checkout counter to specified stock shelves. Cleans work area and carries empty bottles and trash to storeroom. May price and place grocery articles on shelves. May assist in unloading delivery trucks.
GOE: 09.05.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 82

920.687-018 BAGGER (garment; laundry & rel.)

Covers garments or household articles with plastic or paper bags by any of following methods: (1) Hangs garment or article on stand and covers with plastic bag. (2) Pulls plastic from rolls, sliding plastic material over article and tearing plastic at perforations to form bag of desired size. (3) Hangs garment on holder in machine and pulls plastic from roll to envelop garment. Pushes button or moves lever to close heating irons that cut and seal plastic to form bag of desired dimensions. Hangs bagged article on slide rail or rack. (4) Drops shirts or folded articles into machine that automatically envelops articles in plastic bags and drops articles into box. Removes boxes from beneath machine when filled and replaces boxes.
GOE: 06.04.35 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-022 BALE SEWER (agriculture)

Sews burlap covering on baled agricultural produce, such as cotton or hops: Pulls edges of covering material together, folds in end flaps and secures end flaps temporarily with awl. Threads spring-eye sack needle with twine and sews seams. May weigh, stencil, and tag bales. May wrap double compressed bales with metal bands for export shipment. May be designated Sewer, Head (agriculture) when working in bed of press. May sew burlap covering on baled produce, using portable sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-026 BANDER, HAND (paper goods)

Wraps printed paper bands (labels), plain unprinted bands, or ribbons, around specified number of prestacked paper items, such as napkins, envelopes, towels, or notebook paper. Brushes glue on one end of band and presses ends together. Stacks banded packages on table or places packages in containers. May be designated according to type of paper item banded as Napkin-Band Wrapper (paper goods); Papeterie-Table Assembler (paper goods); Towel Bander (paper goods).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-030 BANDER, HAND (tobacco) alternate titles: cigar bander, hand

Wraps trademark band around cigars: Moistens or applies paste to tip end of band and presses ends of band together around cigars. Places banded cigars aside for further processing.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-034 BANDOLEER PACKER (ordnance)

Packs small arms ammunition in bandoleer belt pockets: Compares ammunition identification data stenciled on belt with work order to ensure packing of specified caliber cartridges. Places cardboard separator between two filled ammunition clips and slides clips into cardboard packet. Holds bandoleer pocket open with spoonlike tool and inserts packet into pocket. Closes pocket flaps and piles belt on handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-038 BLUEPRINT TRIMMER (any industry) alternate titles: blueprint assembler; cutter; trimmer

Cuts blueprints, measures print margins, punches holes in prints, and folds, staples, and labels blueprints for shipment: Cuts individual print from continuous strip of processed prints, using shears. Verifies dimensions of blueprint margins, using ruler, and cuts off excess, using shears. Punches holes in blueprint, using paper punch, and folds prints. Staples specified number of prints to folded edges of wrapping paper to form bound set. Writes name and address of customer on wrapping. May sort prints according to numerical code. May examine blueprints for defects, such as clarity and double image.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-042 BOTTLING-LINE ATTENDANT (beverage) alternate titles: line operator

Prepares filled whiskey bottles for packing and shipping, performing any combination of following duties: Pastes labels and tax stamps on filled whiskey bottles as bottles pass on conveyor. Examines bottles to ascertain that labels and stamps have been correctly applied. Straightens labels and stamps on bottles. Presses stamps on necks of bottles. Wipes excess glue and moisture from bottles. Packs whiskey bottles into cartons. Pastes identification labels on cartons. May be known according to task performed as Bottle-Label Inspector (beverage); Stamp Presser (beverage); Strip-Stamp Straightener (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-046 BUNDLER, SEASONAL GREENERY (forestry)

Bundles decorative greens (forest greenery) and Christmas trees for shipments, performing combination of following tasks: Examines greens and discards branches with discolored or sparse leaves. Arranges greens into bundles as specified, weighs greens, ties greens into bundles, and records number and type of bundles. Sorts Christmas trees on conveyor belts according to size and quality of trees. Ties specified number, size, and quality of trees into bundles and affixes tags to bundles. May trim greens or trees, using hatchet. May be designated according to task performed as Baler (forestry); Buncher (forestry); Tagger (forestry); Trimmer (forestry).
GOE: 03.04.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-050 CAN INSPECTOR (beverage; can. & preserv.) alternate titles: seam checker

Inspects lid seams of closed food or beverage cans to ascertain if lids conform to sealing specifications: Collects random samples of filled cans discharged by closing machine. Cuts out center of lid, using can opener, and empties contents. Measures thickness of lid seam, using micrometer. Removes crimped edge of lid (lid hook), using pliers, and measures thickness of crimped edge of can wall (can hook), using micrometer. Records measurements of seam and can hook. May measure thickness of bottom seam prior to filling operations. May empty contents of defective cans into new cans and place on closing-machine conveyor.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.687-054 CAN PATCHER (can. & preserv.)

Places rejected can on scale to ascertain amount of off-weight, and adjusts contents to bring weight to standard. Places repacked cans on lidding machine conveyor. May repack contents of cans improperly packed by machine.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-058 CAN RECONDITIONER (can. & preserv.)

Examines and reconditions rusted and soiled cans containing food: Taps cans with mallet to determine if cans meet vacuum specification and sets rejects aside [VACUUM TESTER, CANS (can. & preserv.)]. Removes rust from cans, using revolving wire brush and buffer. Immerses cans in washing solution to remove dirt. Stacks or packs reconditioned cans. May relabel cans.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.687-062 CARDBOARD INSERTER (knitting)

Inserts cardboard in stretchable socks to shape socks for display: Places cardboard insert through opening in sock form and pulls sock over form. Removes sock containing insert from form. May be designated Tissue Inserter (knitting).
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-066 CARRIER PACKER (protective dev.)

Packs military gas masks into canvas carriers: Inserts gas-mask canisters into carriers, using manually operated table jig. Ties facepieces around cardboard forms, using string, and inserts facepieces and hose tubes of masks into carriers. Tightens straps in buckles of carriers to obtain compact units for military use. Places gas masks on conveyor for transfer to shipping rooms.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-070 CARTON INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: carton searcher

Inspects cartons filled with packaged tobacco products to determine whether flaps or wrappers are sealed and cartons are printed or marked as specified. May observe cartons passing on conveyor and remove lightweight carton at signal from electronic checking device. May maintain inspection records.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.687-074 COTTON TIER (agriculture) alternate titles: tie-out worker

Fastens metal bands around bales of cotton that are compressed in press: Inserts metal band through channel in upper ram of press to worker on opposite side of compressed bale who returns band through channels in lower ram to encircle bale. Bends end of band and fastens band to hook of buckle on opposite end of band. When working on opposite side of compressed bale to return metal bands through channels, may be designated Returner (agriculture).
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-078 CRATE LINER (furniture)

Lines crates and boxes used to pack furniture with protective lining to protect furniture during shipment: Spreads wrapping paper in crate box. Cuts corrugated paperboard and fits paperboard in crate. Lays excelsior pads in crate for packing specified units. Glues cardboard pads in corner of crate to make cushions for furniture. Assists PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) to place furniture in box or crate. Transfers packed crates and boxes to loading platform, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-082 DENTAL FLOSS PACKER (protective dev.)

Assembles dental floss packages: Mounts dental floss cutter in container top, using jig, and locks cutter in place, using cap. Cuts away excess floss from roll, using scissors. Positions roll in bottom half of container and mounts cutter top. Threads end of dental floss through cutting mechanism. Places completed unit in shipping container.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-086 FISH PACKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: fish-house worker

Packs dressed fish in ice and records weight: Reads orders to determine quantity, size, and variety of fish to be packed. Selects and weighs fish and records weights. Shovels layer of ice in box and fills body cavity of each fish with ice. Places fish in box and fills remainder of box with ice. May assemble boxes, stencil addresses on boxes, and band packed boxes with metal straps.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-090 FLOOR WORKER (sugar & conf.)

Performs any combination of following tasks to facilitate wrapping and packing of chewing gum: Copies from registers (counters) on machines number of cartons of chewing gum filled by each packing machine. Empties containers of scrap gum into barrel for reprocessing. Distributes packaging materials to workers. Replaces packages of gum that were previously removed from carton for inspection. Scans stacks of cellophane-wrapped cartons passing on conveyor belt to detect defective wrapping. Removes cellophane from defectively wrapped cartons and returns cartons for rewrapping.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-094 GREENS TIER (wholesale tr.)

Ties bunches of forest greenery together for eventual sale to consumer by placing greenery in pressure clamp and presses pedal to hold bunches together while tying. Releases pedal and removes bunch from clamp.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-098 HANDKERCHIEF FOLDER (garment)

Folds handkerchiefs prior to packaging. May fold fancy handkerchiefs, such as men's dress handkerchiefs, into specified shapes and place handkerchiefs in cellophane envelopes.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-102 HOGSHEAD OPENER (tobacco) alternate titles: hogshead hand; hogshead stripper; hogshead unpacker; hogshead wrecker

Opens sealed hogsheads of tobacco, using hammer, hatchet, and wire clippers: Removes nails from headbands and cuts metal band and wooden liner. Raises hogshead to upright position, using hoist. Cuts wire bands and remaining headband, removes head, and allows staves to fall on floor or cuts wire bands and lifts hogshead from packed tobacco. On patented hogsheads, cuts tie wire and headbands or removes pins from eyelets, catches sections of staves as staves fall from hogshead, and removes head.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-106 LABEL REMOVER (beverage)

Removes damaged or improperly applied labels from filled whiskey bottles: Places bottles into container of warm water to loosen labels. Rubs or scrapes labels from bottles, using fingers or blade. Wipes bottles with cloth to remove excess moisture and glue. Places bottles on conveyor for relabeling.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-110 LINE-OUT WORKER I (tobacco) alternate titles: head-out worker; hogshead liner

Nails heads onto hogsheads of tobacco prior to shipment or storage: Fits precut boards into hogshead to form head and nails wooden crossbar to assembled pieces to secure pieces. Inserts metal rim in hogshead, places prefabricated head within rim, and lowers hydraulic ram to force head into hogshead. Inserts and nails liner (thin wooden strip) to inside top edge of hogshead to hold head in place. Nails head through side of hogshead to secure head. May weigh hogshead prior to shipment.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-114 LINE-OUT WORKER II (tobacco)

Seals hogsheads of tobacco prior to shipment or storage: Places prefabricated head in hogshead and climbs onto hogshead to press head down. Forces head into hogshead, using metal bar, body weight, and foot pressure. Positions metal band around top edge of hogshead, inserts ends of band into ratchet tool, and moves lever to tighten band. Secures band to hogshead, using clamps and crimping tool, or by inserting fasteners through perforations in band into hogshead. Bends end of band to break off excess band. Removes metal reinforcement from hogshead and rolls or pushes hogshead from work area.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-118 LINEN-SUPPLY LOAD-BUILDER (laundry & rel.)

Assembles laundered uniforms and linen for DRIVER, SALES ROUTE (retail trade; wholesale tr.) of linen supply establishment, according to load sheet showing quantity, description, size, or color of articles requisitioned. May attach labels, emblems, and monograms to articles, such as industrial uniforms, using sewing machines.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-122 MACHINE-PACK ASSEMBLER (ordnance)

Places small arms cartridges nose-to-head for packaging: Positions cartridge-filled shaker plate over double transfer plate and releases catch to drop cartridges nose-down into alternate holes in transfer plate. Turns transfer plate over and repeats to fill remaining holes. Pulls slides in transfer plate that release cartridges in nose-to-head arrangement into packaging-bench fixture.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-126 MARKER II (any industry) alternate titles: labeler; stamper

Marks or affixes trademarks or other identifying information, such as size, color, grade, or process code, on merchandise, material, or product, using one or more methods, such as metal punch and hammer, crayon, rubber stamp and ink, electric pencil, branding iron, acid and stencil, sand-grit and stencil, or tags. May inspect items before marking. May attach gummed labels to merchandise, material, or product, using tag dispensing machine. May clean items. May use printing mechanism or labeling press. When marking is performed as task of packaging duties, worker should be classified according to type of packaging performed as PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018; PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) 920.685-078; or BALING-MACHINE TENDER (any industry) 920.685-010.
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 84

920.687-130 PACKER (tobacco) alternate titles: carton filler; case packer; case sealer

Packs wrapped or packaged tobacco products into cartons or packs filled cartons in shipping containers: Examines tobacco products for defects, such as excess moisture in chewing tobacco plugs, loosely sealed wrappers, coupons, or labels, or misplaced stamps. Seals and loads container onto handtruck or skid or onto conveyor leading to case-sealing machine or shipping room. May form shipping container or attach label onto container. May weigh product to verify accuracy of packing machine scales. May hand stamp or stencil identifying information on cartons or shipping containers. May be designated according to product packed as Cut-Plug Packer (tobacco); Smoking-Tobacco Packer, Hand (tobacco); Twist Packer (tobacco). Workers who tend machines to package products are classified under CARTON-PACKAGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-134 PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture) alternate titles: packer

Packs agricultural produce, such as bulbs, fruits, nuts, eggs, and vegetables, for storage or shipment, performing any combination of following duties: Lines box, barrel, basket, carton, or crate with treated paper, cardboard, excelsior, or prepared padding, or inserts paper trays or separators in container. Places rows of produce in layers in containers, and inserts excelsior, shredded cellophane, or paper trays after each layer and over top layer of produce, or scoops produce into container. Wraps produce in treated paper, foil, or plastic film wrap before placing produce in container. Packs exposed top layer of produce, arranging produce in successive rows in container. Positions basket liner upside down over ring of produce on pallet and fills basket liner with specified amount of produce. Places basket upside down over filled liner on pallet. Pushes basket and pallet over conveyor rollers onto table of turning frame, clamps basket and pallet in place, and moves lever to turn basket upright. Fits lid on container and nails, wires, or tapes in place. Stamps grade, brand, and date of packing on container. Washes and trims produce, such as lettuce and carrots, preparatory to packing, working in warehouse or on harvesting machine in field. Sorts produce according to size, color, and grade before packing. May weigh packed produce and add or remove produce from container to obtain specified weight. May be designated Apple Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Basket Turner (agriculture); Face-And-Fill Packer (agriculture); Lettuce Trimmer (agriculture); Ring Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Topper Packer (agriculture); Apricot Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Avocado Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Boxer (agriculture); Capper (agriculture); Cherry Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Citrus-Fruit Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Crater (agriculture); Crate Tier (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Culled-Fruit Packer (agriculture); Egg Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Fruit Packer, Face-And-Fill (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Fruit Packer, Wrap-And-Place (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Header (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Lidder (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Make-Up Market Worker, Truck Garden (agriculture); Melon Packer (agriculture); Mushroom Packer (agriculture); Pear Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Plant Packer (agriculture); Plant Wrapper (agriculture); Plum Packer (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Ring Facer (agriculture); Seed Packer (agriculture); Tobacco Packer (agriculture); Tree Wrapper (agriculture).
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

920.687-138 PAPER INSERTER (glass mfg.)

Pulls $T3lites,$T1 stacked on end, slightly forward while simultaneously inserting paper between lites to protect glass from surface damage. Pastes labels on lites, preparatory to packing.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-142 PRIZER (tobacco) alternate titles: hogshead filler; hogshead packer; loose-hand packer; packer

Packs tobacco into hogsheads for storage or shipment, performing any combination of following tasks: Climbs into hogshead and pulls hands of tobacco from stick held by FEEDER-CATCHER, TOBACCO (tobacco) or receives hands of tobacco and packs tobacco into hogshead. Tramples tobacco hands, strips, or stems fed into hogshead by chute. Pulls charger from movable rack onto top of hogshead so tobacco can be packed above top of hogshead. Opens chute to feed tobacco into hogshead until specified weight is indicated by scale. Stands on platform above hogshead and packs tobacco, using T-shaped stick, as tobacco is fed into hogshead by chute. May be designated according to stage at which packed as Green-Prize Packer (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-146 REPACK-ROOM WORKER (beverage)

Repacks cartons of beer or distilled liquor damaged in packaging: Removes containers, such as bottles or cans, from damaged or unclean cartons and places containers in another carton. Replaces damaged containers with containers of identical size, label, and crown. Seals top flaps of carton, using glued tape. Duplicates identification, code, and date number found on damaged cartons, using hand stamps. Positions letters and numbers in hand stamps, using picks and tweezers. Sets repacked carton on conveyor or stacks in storage area. May move carton to storage area, using handtruck. Maintains supply of various-sized bottles and cans, using different types of labels, crowns, and lids. May keep records of material used. May pack orders for shipping.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-150 ROSIN-BARREL FILLER (chemical)

Fills barrels with rosin: Places pipe through opening in barrel head to direct flow of rosin. Hammers hoops down on barrel to tighten staves. Seals leaks in barrels, using clay.
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

920.687-154 SAMPLE WORKER (any industry)

Prepares articles, such as curtains, draperies, rugs, or towels, for use as display samples, performing any combination of following duties: Assembles garments or articles into sets, and folds articles. Pins or glues identification tickets or labels to articles. Wraps paper bands around article, securing ends of band with glue, or inserts articles into plastic or cellophane bags. Arranges articles in boxes in attractive display and stores samples according to style, size, and color. Fills customer or sales orders, following order ticket. Records number of articles received, sample sets prepared, and samples shipped. Inventories samples in stock and requisitions replacement articles. May tend machine to print identification tickets or labels.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

920.687-158 SHINGLE PACKER (saw. & plan.) alternate titles: shingle weaver

Packs shingles or shakes into bundles for shipment: Lays shingles or shakes in jig with small ends interwoven to form bundle. Counts shingles or shakes to ensure specified quantities. Binds bundles with shingle bands or steel band, using stapler or crimping tool. When packing shakes, may be designated Shake Packer (saw. & plan.).
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

920.687-166 SHOE PACKER (boot & shoe) alternate titles: shoe handler

Packs paired shoes, according to case number, in cartons for shipment. May inspect shoes for defects prior to packing.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-170 SHOT BAGGER (ordnance) alternate titles: shot packer; volumetric weigher

Fills canvas bags with lead shot for shipment, using dispenser with volumetric measuring chamber: Pushes wheeled packing stand beneath bin containing size shot ordered. Hooks feed pipe from dispenser to bin spout. Pulls levers to permit shot to flow from storage bin through pipe into volumetric measuring chamber and from chamber into bag. Closes mouth of bag with wire, using wire-twisting tool. Weighs sample bags at prescribed intervals and turns knob to adjust measuring chamber capacity to produce specified weight.
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-174 SNUFF-BOX FINISHER (tobacco)

Glues covers and labels on paper boxes of snuff: Places cardboard disk in opening of round box and applies glue to inner edge of box extending beyond disk. Folds edges over and presses edges onto disk. Glues labels onto top and sides of box.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-178 STENCILER (any industry) alternate titles: marker, shipments

Marks size, lot number, contents, or other identifying information or symbols on containers or directly on article by placing stencil on container or article and rubbing ink or paint brush across open lettering, or by spraying paint on stencil. May mix paints or lacquers. May be designated according to type of container stenciled as Carton Stenciler (any industry); Drum Stenciler (beverage); Sack Stenciler (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-182 STERILIZER (beverage) alternate titles: sterilizer operator

Sterilizes wine containers, such as barrels or metal tanks: Hammers and pulls bungs from barrels or unscrews cap from tank, using handtools, such as mallet and wrench. Inserts nozzle of steam pipe through vent and flushes steamed container with water, to clean container. Ignites and inserts sulfur stick (candle) into container to kill bacteria. Repaints barrelheads, using brush, lacquer, or paint. Removes sulfur fumes from container, using compressed air.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-186 TABLE-COVER FOLDER (tex. prod., nec)

Folds tablecloths preparatory to packaging, using table equipped with rollers: Places cover on table with one edge on rollers. Lays cardboard tube on cover at rollers and winds cover around tube. Pulls tube from cover, smooths cover flat, and folds cover to specified size to fit into bag. Stacks folded table covers. May fold tablecloths without using rollers.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-190 TIE BINDER (garment) alternate titles: bander; bundler

Binds neckties together prior to packing: Places cardboard forms beneath and on top of stack of folded neckties. Binds stack of ties, using rubberbands, paper strips, or tape. May stamp information, such as number of ties and tie style on cardboard forms. May slide paper or plastic identification bands onto ties or insert labels into pretied knot.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-194 VACUUM TESTER, CANS (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: cap inspector

Taps lids of cans or jars with stick as they pass on conveyor to determine if container is vacuum sealed. Removes defective containers for reprocessing. May feed containers into vacuum chamber to determine if cans are sealed.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-198 WOOL SACKER (agriculture) alternate titles: tromper; wool tamper

Packs wool fleeces in burlap bags preparatory to shipping: Fastens bag around device that holds bag open. Tosses tied fleeces into sack and tramps on bundles to compact. Removes sack from holder and sews open end with needle and twine. Ties ears (hand grips) on each bag.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

920.687-202 WORM PACKER (agriculture) alternate titles: worm sorter

Packs earthworms into containers according to size: Scoops growth media and specified number of worms of designated sizes into containers, and date stamps containers for delivery to sales outlet. May dry worms under heat lamps, and grind and package worms for sale as tropical fish food.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

921 HOISTING AND CONVEYING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with lifting and moving materials, machines, and products, and stacking and dumping materials and products, using power-operated equipment, such as cranes, hoists, winches, conveyors (including pneumatic conveyor systems), stackers, rotary dumpers, and industrial trucks; attaching ropes, chains, slings, and other devices to objects being moved; signaling machine operators and guiding moving loads; and related activities.

921.130-010 RIGGING SUPERVISOR (construction)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in erecting and operating machines to hoist and convey machinery and equipment, such as structural beams, metal tanks, and wall and floor slabs, at construction site: Specifies locations for movement and erection of derricks, hoists, and cranes, using knowledge of various methods of sliding and lifting equipment. Directs workers engaged in splicing ropes and metal cables to form hoisting slings. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

921.131-010 HOOK TENDER (logging) alternate titles: hooker

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in yarding and loading logs in $T3high lead,$T1 slack line, or similar cable yarding system: Determines location of blocks, guy lines, spar, and yarding and loading equipment, according to location and size of landing and type of terrain. Inspects rigging for defects and unsafe conditions, and oversees repair or replacement. Directs rigging crew in setting side and tail blocks, rigging spars, notching anchor stumps, raising guy lines, and installing running tackle. Observes yarding system in operation, and directs relocation of rigging to relieve equipment strain or to extend range of system. Informs RIGGING SLINGER (logging) of log removal sequence, capacity of yarding system and equipment, and related factors. Coordinates dismantling and moving of equipment to new site. Trains workers in safety regulations and activities, such as splicing cable, maintaining equipment, and rigging and operating yarding systems. May supervise crew of tractor yarding workers. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

921.132-010 TRACK SUPERVISOR (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading railroad cars at grain elevator and operates equipment that unloads railroad cars: Confers with SUPERINTENDENT, GRAIN ELEVATOR (beverage; grain-feed mills) to obtain daily work schedule and resolve operating problems. Confers with GRAIN MIXER (grain-feed mills) to coordinate loading and unloading activities with blending and weighing activities. Assigns workers to duties and issues instructions regarding sequence of activities and railroad cars to be loaded and unloaded. Directs workers to connect car puller cables to railroad cars and pulls lever to start winding mechanism that pulls cars into position for loading or unloading. Signals weigher when cars are in position and observes lights to detect signal to commence loading or unloading, using signal-light system. Pushes and pulls levers and pushes buttons to control rotary dumping equipment that clamps cars in place and tilts and jogs car to dump grain into receiving chute [CAR-DUMPER OPERATOR (beverage)]. Directs DUMPER (any industry) to open hopper doors on railroad cars and presses button to start conveyor that elevates grain to weigh station. Directs workers to position spout into railroad cars for loading of grain, signals weigher to commence loading, and observes signal lights to detect when specified amount of grain has been loaded. May drive tractor to pull railroad cars onto side tracks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.133-010 CRANE-CREW SUPERVISOR (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 engaged in unloading steel, machinery, timbers, and other heavy cargo from trucks or railway cars at construction site or yard of industrial establishment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

921.133-014 LOAD-OUT SUPERVISOR (mine & quarry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating machines and equipment to separate sand and gravel according to size, and in testing, stockpiling, and loading sand and gravel into railroad cars and trucks: Reviews car loading orders and issues directions to workers to expedite railroad car and truck loading. Notifies CAR CLEANER (mine & quarry) and YARD ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to clean and position specified railcars for loading. Determines causes of malfunctioning equipment and notifies MAINTENANCE-MECHANIC SUPERVISOR (any industry). Orders changes in ratio of material, according to test results, to conform to plant or customer specifications. Coordinates changes in plant setup to maintain production specifications. Collects railroad car loading records at specified intervals and submits records to office. Maintains record of vibrating screen setup in plant. Trains new workers. May make minor repairs to machinery and equipment, using handtools. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.133-018 MATERIAL-HANDLING SUPERVISOR (any industry) alternate titles: stock supervisor; traffic supervisor; warehouse supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in lifting, transporting, storing, and loading materials and products by use of conveyors, cranes, hoists, or industrial trucks, applying knowledge of plant layout and material-handling equipment and procedures: Studies receiving or shipping notices, requests for movement of raw materials and finished products, and reports of warehousing space available to develop schedule for material handling activities. May confer with supervisors of other departments to coordinate flow of materials or products. May verify or prepare records, such as routing slips, material requisitions, and job orders. May supervise activities of shipping and receiving personnel. May train new workers. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

921.137-010 COAL-YARD SUPERVISOR (any industry) alternate titles: coal-and-ash supervisor; millroom supervisor; supervisor, coal handling

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, weighing, and unloading coal in yard of industrial plant, in unloading coal from barges into coal hoppers, and in blending, pulverizing, and conveying coal to various processing units or storage areas. May supervise loading of ashes. May supervise unloading of coal from boats and be designated Supervisor, Dock (steel & rel.). Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

921.137-014 MATERIAL-CREW SUPERVISOR (construction; mfd. bldgs.) alternate titles: supervisor, loading

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading materials or prefabricated house components for use on construction projects: Selects materials to be loaded according to size and type specified in orders, and specifies sequence of loading. Directs workers in loading and unloading materials on trucks, dinkey cars, or barges, attaching slings and other lifting devices to facilitate handling with cranes. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

921.260-010 RIGGER (any industry) alternate titles: crane rigger; hook tender; slinger; yard rigger

Assembles rigging to lift and move equipment or material in manufacturing plant, shipyard, or on construction project: Selects cables, ropes, pulleys, winches, blocks, and sheaves, according to weight and size of load to be moved. Attaches pulley and blocks to fixed overhead structures, such as beams, ceilings, and gin pole booms, with bolts and clamps. Attaches load with grappling devices, such as loops, wires, ropes, and chains, to crane hook. Gives directions to OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 or HOISTING ENGINEER (any industry) engaged in hoisting and moving loads to ensure safety of workers and material handled, using hand signals, loudspeaker, or telephone. Sets up, braces, and rigs hoisting equipment, using handtools and power wrenches. Splices rope and wire cables to make or repair slings and tackle. May direct workers engaged in hoisting of machinery and equipment into ships and be designated Machinery Erector (ship-boat mfg.). When hoisting and moving construction machinery onto truck beds, may be designated Machine Mover (construction).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

921.364-010 RIGGING SLINGER (logging)

Directs CHOKE SETTERS (logging) in $T3high lead,$T1 slack line, or similar log yarding system: Determines sequence of logs to be yarded, according to guidelines established by HOOK TENDER (logging). Issues directions to crew regarding logs to be yarded, positioning and securing of $T3chokers,$T1 and position of crew during movement of logs. Signals YARDING ENGINEER (logging) to control positioning of choker cables for setting and yarding of logs over cutting area, using portable radio transmitter. Signals to inform others of fire, injuries, need for repairs or revisions to rigging, and other conditions. Trains new workers in choker setting techniques, safety practices, and whistle signals. May perform choker setting duties. May lead workers in installing, moving, and dismantling yarder rigging.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.365-010 GRAIN RECEIVER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: elevator tender

Tends conveyors and weighs carload shipments of grain, such as corn or milo, and routes grain to steep tanks: Weighs car spotted on scales to record and verify weight against consignment sheet. Notifies MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry) that car is ready for unloading. Weighs empty car. Starts conveyor to move grain from unloading pit to elevator. Sets batching scale at specified weight and starts conveyor that transfers grain to scale bin until balance is achieved. When notified, pulls lever to empty bin and starts conveyor to transfer grain to steep tanks. Maintains batch records.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.382-010 CONVEYOR OPERATOR, PNEUMATIC SYSTEM (food prep., nec) alternate titles: bulk-system operator; flour distributor; pneumatic-systems operator

Operates panelboard to control pneumatic conveyor system that transfers flour from railroad cars, through blending, sifting, and weighing units to storage bins for subsequent processing into macaroni products: Opens hatch of railroad hopper car to admit air, and connects pneumatic hose to car outlet and to intake pipe of specified bin. Sets timing devices, turns switches, and pushes buttons on panelboard to start and control movement of material through specified processing units to storage bins. Observes lights on board to follow progress of material, or to detect need for changing or bypassing operations. Diverts material flow by pressing button governing specific bin or processing unit. Records car number, weight, and type of material in car, name of sender, and location of material in storage bin or unit. Operates pneumatic air compressor [AIR-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR (any industry)] in conjunction with panelboard, to transfer and distribute flour. May dump bags of special flour into hopper for distribution through processing units.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.563-010 COKE LOADER (steel & rel.)

Operates equipment, such as conveyor or winch to transfer coke to railroad cars and trucks: Notifies switching department to deliver specified type of car. Estimates and records amount of coke in bins. Starts conveyor and operates winch to position car under boom-conveyor for loading. Inspects boarding and locking of open-top box cars and wedging of side drop and hopper cars to prevent loss of coke in transit. Observes and records car number, carrier, customer, tonnage, and grade and condition of coke. Signals INDUSTRIAL-LOCOMOTIVE OPERATOR (any industry) to move loaded cars. Oils, lubricates, and adjusts conveyors, crushers, and other equipment, using handtools and lubricating equipment. Cleans spillage from tracks, walks, driveways, and conveyor decking, using airhose, broom, and shovel. Cleans hoppers, using bar.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.565-010 CEMENT LOADER (cement) alternate titles: bulk cement loader; bulk loader

Tends pneumatic conveyor, or belt, auger, or bucket conveyor to load and unload bulk cement onto tank trucks or railroad tank and hopper cars: Inserts loading nozzle in opening on tank trucks. Starts pump and turns lever to open slide on storage bins. Observes weight indicator on scale and regulates speed of feed to fill tank in truck. Records weight on sales slip. Tends winch to position railroad tank cars under loading nozzles. Inserts nozzles in loading ports of car and turns on pump to feed in cement. Records weight loaded on manifest. May tend equipment that inserts flexible pipe into railroad tank and hopper cars and tank trucks. May bag cement [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry)]. May be designated according to vehicle loaded as Cement-Railroad-Car Loader (cement); Cement-Truck Loader (cement).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.583-010 TRANSFER-CAR OPERATOR, DRIER (nonmet. min.) alternate titles: drier unloader

Operates transfer car to move carloads of pipe and boiler covering moldings from driers to work and storage areas: Presses button to raise door of drier. Pulls and pushes carloads of moldings along track out of drier to loading platform. Weighs moldings for moisture content and compares weight to wall chart. Places wet moldings onto car to be returned to drier. Pushes car of dry moldings onto transfer car. Operates transfer car to move moldings to production departments or storage. Records identification number of each car removed from each drier on production sheet. May tend machine that automatically cuts boiler moldings to specified size and packages moldings.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.662-010 CAR-DUMPER OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: car unloader; dumper

Controls equipment that tilts railroad cars to dump grain into receiving hopper for transfer to storage elevator: Pulls lever to activate clamp that fastens car into position on dumping platform. Breaks car seal and pushes open sliding door. Starts conveyor leading from receiving hopper into elevator, and energizes electromagnet which removes metal from grain. Receives signals, and pushes and pulls levers of dumping machinery in sequence to tilt and jog car until car is empty. Returns car to upright position and releases holding mechanism. May remove wood and paper falling from tipped car, using grappling hooks. May guide grain from car, using wood or metal plank. May pull box cars onto and off of dumping platform, using winch and cable.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.662-014 CHARGE-MACHINE OPERATOR (chemical)

Operates machine to recharge nuclear reactor in nuclear plant: Reads work orders and confers with supervisor to determine reactor tube loading sequence. Reads thermometer to ensure that water temperature is at level specified for charging operation. Pushes button to raise charge-discharge machine to specified height for removal of loaded $T3monotubes$T1 from wall-storage racks. Turns levers to position machine in horizontal alignment with specified wall rack, and moves transfer-arm controls to remove tubes from rack. Pushes buttons to move charging machine and align serially-numbered monotube with specifically-numbered reactor-wall opening. Activates charging machine pump to force water into monotube and push piston forward to fill reactor tube with fuel elements and to clear irradiated elements out of reactor.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.662-018 CONVEYOR-SYSTEM OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: conveyor console operator

Operates console to control automated conveyor system that receives, sorts, distributes, and conveys bulk or packaged materials or products to and from loading dock and storage area, and between departments or processes: Reads production and delivery schedules and confers with supervisor to determine sorting and routing procedures. Presses buttons and turns dials to start conveyor system and regulate speed of conveyors. Observes materials or products moving on conveyors, or observes lights on control panel to monitor flow and operation of system. Moves switches or pushes buttons to route order to designated areas and to raise, lower, and align conveyor with specific adjoining conveyors. Contacts work stations by telephone or intercom to request movement of order or to notify work stations of shipment enroute and approximate delivery time. Stops equipment and clears jams, using handtools. Observes operation to detect equipment malfunction and informs supervisor when malfunction occurs. May operate elevator system in conjunction with conveyor system. May weigh trucks and railroad cars before and after loading, or read scale that continually weighs product on conveyor to ascertain when specified tonnage has been loaded and record weight on loading ticket. May join sections of conveyor frames at temporary working areas and connect power units. May collect samples of materials for analysis. May lubricate moving parts of conveyors. May operate scoop to load materials onto conveyor. May record data, such as weight and type of material moved and condition of equipment. May be designated according to product moved as Bulk-Loader Operator (water trans.); Coal-Conveyor Operator (any industry); Grain Distributor (grain-feed mills); or according to type of equipment as Grain-Elevator Operator (grain-feed mills); Screen Operator (cement); Suction Operator (agriculture).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 82

921.662-022 MARINE RAILWAY OPERATOR (ship-boat mfg.) alternate titles: ways operator

Operates power-driven winches to pull boats, yachts, and barges from water to repair or reconditioning areas: Attaches cables to dolly on marine railway and pulls lever on winch to lower dolly into water. Signals boat operator to align boat to dolly. Positions block under boat for support and pulls winch lever to haul boat from water to specified area. May repair winch and hauling equipment.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.662-026 TIPPLE OPERATOR (saw. & plan.)

Operates tipple chain conveyor to move presorted lumber from holding racks to stacking platform: Moves control buttons to align tipple with holding racks which hold lumber requested. Pulls levers to release stops at ends of holding racks, allowing lumber to move down to tipple conveyor chain which transfers lumber to stacking platform. Straightens lumber as it moves on conveyor to prevent jams.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.663-010 OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: crane operator, cab; crane operator, ground control; traveling-crane operator

Operates traveling or stationary overhead crane (cab- or ground controlled) to lift, move, and position loads, such as machinery, equipment, products, and solid or bulk materials, using hoisting attachments, such as hook, sling, electromagnet, or bucket: Observes load hookup and determines safety of load. Manipulates or depresses crane controls, such as pedals, levers, and buttons, to regulate speed and direction of crane and hoist movement according to written, verbal, or signal instructions. Cleans and maintains crane and hoisting mechanism. Inspects crane for defective parts and notifies supervisor of defects or malfunctions. May attach load to hook or other crane accessory prior to operating crane and be designated Crane Operator-Hooker (steel & rel.) or Crane Operator-Hooktender (aircraft mfg.). May be designated by type of crane operated or material handled as Bridge Crane Operator (any industry); Charging-Crane Operator (foundry; steel & rel.) I; Cinder Crane Operator (foundry; steel & rel.) I; Gantry Crane Operator (any industry); Hot-Metal Crane Operator (foundry; nonfer. metal; steel & rel.) I; Ingot Stripper (steel & rel.) I; Scrap Crane Operator (steel & rel.) I; Tower Whirler Operator (any industry); Wall-Crane Operator (foundry).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

921.663-014 CHERRY-PICKER OPERATOR (construction) alternate titles: car changer

Operates cherry picker (pneumatic hoist attached to structural framework) which moves on rails along tunnel side to hoist loaded dinkey cars from mucking machine to front of train: Hooks hoist line into lift-hooks on dinkey car. Moves lever to activate pneumatic hoist that lifts car. Pushes hoist block and car to side of frame and signals DINKEY OPERATOR (any industry) to move train to position empty car at mucking machine. Pushes hoisting frame along rails to front of train and operates hoist to place car in position on rails.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.663-018 CHIP UNLOADER (paper & pulp)

Unloads wood chips from railroad cars or trucks, using materials-handling equipment: Drives rail-mounted trackmobile to spot railroad cars on scale and on ramp above chip storage bins for unloading. Records gross and net weight of car. Releases bottom doors of car, allowing chips to fall into bin. Starts conveyor that carries chips to stockpile or to inside storage bins [CHIP-BIN CONVEYOR TENDER (chemical; paper & pulp)]. Gathers sample of chips from each car for analysis. Shunts empty cars to spur tracks. Signals driver to position truck for unloading. Attaches hoist cable and hook and starts hoist to lift loaded trailer from tractor bed. Opens tailgate of trailer, allowing wood chips to fall into bin. Lowers trailer onto tractor bed and secures tailgate. May attach electric vibrator to side of railroad cars to dislodge chips that have become tightly packed in transit. May unload barges.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.663-022 DERRICK OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: crane operator

Operates electric-, diesel-, gasoline-, or steam-powered guy-derrick or stiff-leg derrick (mast supported by fixed legs or tripod), to move products, equipment, or materials to and from quarries, storage areas, and processes, or to load and unload trucks or railroad cars: Pushes and pulls levers and depresses pedals to raise, lower, and rotate boom and to raise and lower load line in response to signals. May inspect and lubricate cables, pulleys, guides, and drums. May be known according to material moved as Log-Yard Derrick Operator (saw. & plan.); or equipment controlled as Stiff-Leg Derrick Operator (wood prod., nec).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.663-026 HOIST OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Controls hoisting machinery to raise and lower cages (elevators), skips (boxlike containers), and mine cars at mines or quarries: Moves levers and pedals to operate hoist in response to arm, bell, or buzzer signals. Observes dial indicator and marks on cable or drum to ascertain that desired position has been reached. Applies hand or foot brake and moves lever to lock hoist. Inspects, lubricates, and adjusts brakes and equipment. May be designated according to type of machinery controlled as Chain-Hoist Operator (mine & quarry); Electric-Hoist Operator (mine & quarry); Steam-Hoist Operator (mine & quarry); Tugger Operator (mine & quarry); or according to location of machinery as Slope-Hoist Operator (mine & quarry); Tower-Hoist Operator (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.663-030 HOISTING ENGINEER (any industry) alternate titles: hoisting-machine operator

Operates compressed air, diesel, electric, gasoline, or steam drum hoists to control movement of cableways, cages, derricks, draglines, loaders, railcars, or skips to move workers and materials for construction, logging, mining, sawmill, and other industrial operations: Starts hoist engine and moves hand and foot levers to wind or unwind cable on drum. Moves brake lever and throttle to stop, start, and regulate speed of drum in response to hand, bell, telephone, loud-speaker, or whistle signals or by observing dial indicator or marks on cable. May fire boiler on steam hoist. May operate hoist with more than one drum. May repair, maintain, and adjust equipment. May be designated according to equipment controlled as Cableway Operator (any industry); Cage Operator (any industry); Gin-Pole Operator (construction); Inclined-Railway Operator (any industry); Skip-Hoist Operator (any industry). May transfer logs from trucks to railroad cars and be designated Transfer Engineer (logging).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.663-034 IRRADIATED-FUEL HANDLER (chemical)

Operates machines and equipment to package, store, and convey irradiated fuel elements in underwater storage basin of nuclear reactor plant: Operates crane to pull tram cars along underwater track and position cars under discharge outlets of nuclear reactor to be loaded with irradiated fuel elements. Pulls loaded tram cars from discharge outlets to mechanism that automatically tilts cars to unload irradiated elements onto underwater table. Manipulates handgrips of mechanical arms to place fuel elements into baskets and operates crane to transfer baskets to prepackaging storage area. Moves specified baskets from prepackaging storage area to packaging area and unloads baskets of irradiated elements onto packaging machine that automatically inserts fuel elements into canisters and secures lids on canisters. Operates crane to transfer loaded canisters to two-year, underwater, storage cubicles. Records number of canisters in each cubicle. Operates crane to remove specified canisters from storage, transfer canisters to lead cask, raise lead shipping cask to surface, and load cask onto railroad car for shipment.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.663-038 LOCOMOTIVE-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: railroad-crane operator

Operates crane that travels on railroad tracks to lift and move objects: Starts gasoline or diesel engine. Pushes pedals and pulls levers to move, control speed, and stop crane, turn crane boom, and raise or lower cables attached to load. Inspects and compares weight of load with lifting capacity of crane to ensure against overloading crane. Moves controls to move and position load by sight or at direction of LABORER, HOISTING (any industry). Inspects cables and grappling devices for wear. May install or replace cables. May perform maintenance tasks, such as oiling machine. May direct helpers engaged in placing blocking and outrigging under crane when lifting loads. May operate crane in which hoisting mechanism is pneumatically powered. May be designated by type of power unit as Diesel-Locomotive-Crane Operator (any industry); Electric-Locomotive-Crane Operator (any industry); Gasoline-Locomotive-Crane Operator (any industry).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.663-042 MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry)

Operates electrically powered monorail crane to lift, move, and load machinery, equipment, and materials: Moves foot and hand controls to guide crane along overhead rail and to raise and lower load cable. Raises, moves, and lowers load following signals of worker on floor. May switch crane between rails by signaling other workers to throw switches. May operate crane from hand held control box. May inspect, clean, and lubricate crane. May be designated by material moved as Acid-Crane Operator (steel & rel.); Cinder-Crane Operator (foundry; steel & rel.) II; Scrap-Crane Operator (steel & rel.) II; Stock-Crane Operator (steel & rel.); or operation performed as Charging-Crane Operator (foundry; steel & rel.) II; Cold-Roll Packer, Sheet Iron (steel & rel.); Hot-Metal-Crane Operator (foundry; smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.) II; Ingot Stripper (steel & rel.) II.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.663-046 PNEUMATIC-HOIST OPERATOR (construction; mfd. bldgs.)

Operates pneumatic hoist to lift concrete panel walls of modular buildings: Hauls concrete wall panels to installation site, using handtruck. Lifts panel with aid of coworker to position panel for hoist hookup. Positions hoisting bracket on panel to align holes in panel and bracket, and inserts locking pin to secure linkage for hoisting. Pulls chain to activate hoist to raise panel for lateral movement. Operates hoist to raise and lower panel between grooved columns as signaled by coworkers. Removes any rough spots from panel or grooves, using hammer and chisel. Disconnects hoisting bracket from panel.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.663-050 SCRAPER-LOADER OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: dragger; slusher operator

Operates hoisting engine and cable-drawn scraper or scoop, to load coal, ore, or rock into mine cars or onto conveyor in underground mine: Moves hoist into working place on car and sets up on timber foundation. Sets up snatch blocks (pulleys) and eyebolt, and anchors firmly to post or wall. Connects electric power lines and starts hoist. Moves levers to activate cable which drags scraper into face of ore, then drags full scraper to mine car for dumping. Moves hoist from place to place, using mine car. Lubricates, adjusts, and repairs engine and auxiliary equipment.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.663-054 TOWER-CRANE OPERATOR (construction)

Operates tower crane to lift and move building materials from ground storage areas and trucks to top of building under construction: Climbs ladder inside vertically mounted tower to gain access to control pad suspended under crane boom. Pushes or pulls levers on control console to rotate counter-balanced horizontally mounted boom to extend or retract trolley along boom, and to raise and lower hook to which loads are attached. Controls crane movement in response to hand signals or radio commands by supervisor or signaler. May operate crane from remote console on top of building. May operate radio-controlled crane.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.663-058 TRACTOR-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: crawler-crane operator; tractor-crane engineer

Operates diesel-, gasoline-, or electric-powered crane mounted on crawler treads to lift and move material and objects: Starts engine and drives crane to work site, steering crane by moving levers and pressing pedals that control motion of crawler treads. Pushes and pulls levers and presses pedals in response to hand signals to rotate crane on chassis and raise and lower crane boom and loadline. May lubricate motor and moving parts of crane. May be designated according to attachment as Clamshell Operator (any industry) I; Demolition-Crane Operator (any industry) I; Electromagnet-Crane Operator (any industry) I; Orange-Peel Operator (any industry) I.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.663-062 TRUCK-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: mobile-crane operator

Operates gasoline- or diesel-powered crane mounted on specially constructed truck chassis to lift and move materials and objects: Drives truck to work site and directs activities of LABORER, HOISTING (any industry) in placing blocks and outriggers to prevent capsizing when lifting heavy loads. Starts crane engine. Moves levers and pedals to rotate crane on chassis, to raise and lower crane boom, and to raise and lower loadline. May operate crane according to signals from helper. May bolt boom sections together to extend or modify boom for pile driving or high lifting. May be designated according to type of power used as Diesel-Truck-Crane Operator (any industry); Gasoline-Truck-Crane Operator (any industry); or according to attachment as Clamshell Operator (any industry) II; Demolition-Crane Operator (any industry) II; Electromagnet-Crane Operator (any industry) II; Orange-Peel Operator (any industry) II.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.663-066 YARDING ENGINEER (logging) alternate titles: yarder operator

Operates yarding machine to pull logs from cutting area to landing: Controls direction, speed, and braking of cable drums to position $T3chokers$T1 or grapples over logs, pull logs across cutting area, lift logs over tree trunks and other obstructions, and position logs for loading onto trucks, using pedals and hand levers in response to whistle or horn code signals. May drag blocks, cable, and other equipment to rigging crew. May raise steel tower, or prerigged spar, and tension guy lines. May drive self-propelled yarder between yarding sites. May be designated according to type of yarding system used as High-Lead Yarder (logging); Sky-Line Yarder (logging); Slack-Line Yarder (logging); or according to type of equipment operated as Grapple-Yarder Operator (logging); Steel-Spar Operator (logging); Triple-Drum Operator (logging). May control machinery on deck of pullboat in cypress forest and be designated Pullboat Engineer (logging).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

921.663-070 TRUCK LOADER, OVERHEAD CRANE (nonfer. metal)

Operates overhead crane with hand held control box to load trucks with bundles of aluminum extrusions: Reviews daily truck-delivery schedules to determine information, such as description of orders, sequence of deliveries, and special loading instructions. Weighs bundles, using floor scale, and records weight for company records. Attaches hook or sling of crane to bundles, and presses buttons on control box to hoist and move bundles to loading area or onto trucks, according to unloading sequence. Inspects bundle packaging for conformance to customer requirements. Removes and batches packing tickets. Occasionally loads, restacks, or unloads bundles from trucks by hand or using industrial truck. Directs truck drivers backing vehicles into loading bays and uncovers, covers, and secures loads for delivery.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

921.664-010 LINE MOVER (railroad equip.)

Spots railroad cars and railroad-car-truck assemblies on production lines for further processing in locomotive and car building establishment using one of following methods: (1) Attaches one end of push-pole against tractor and other end against assemblies on rails. Signals TRACTOR OPERATOR (any industry) vocally or by hand to push car or car-trucks on rails to specified location. (2) Attaches chain and clevises to assemblies and tractor and signals operator to pull assemblies to specified location.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.664-014 RIGGER (logging) alternate titles: second rigger

Installs blocks and guy lines for $T3high lead,$T1 slack line, or similar log yarding system: Cuts notch around anchor stumps specified by HOOK TENDER (logging), using chain saw and ax. Wraps cable around stump and secures it in position with spikes and U-bolts. Installs block, pulls winch cable through block, and secures cable to yarding blocks and guy lines. Signals winch operator to haul yarding blocks and guy lines to anchor stumps, and secures them to anchor stumps. Splices cable to make rigging parts or repair broken or worn cable, using marlin spikes, vise, hammer, and wire cutters. Dismantles yarding system and loads rigging onto trucks for removal to new yarding site. May install yarding cables, $T3choker$T1 cables, cable swivels, carriages, and related rigging. May rig and erect wooden spars. May climb wooden spars, using climbing spurs and safety rope, to install or repair rigging. May lead activities of crew and be designated Head Rigger (logging).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.665-010 CEMENT-BOAT-AND-BARGE LOADER (cement)

Tends pipeline system that conveys dry cement from storage silos to ships and barges at cement plant loading dock: Screws flexible hose to dock pipeline and inserts and secures hose to loading port of ship or barge. Ties lines to hose to support hose during loading operation. Turns handwheels to open or close valves and route cement from designated silos through pumps and to vessel, according to loading orders. Signals SILO TENDER (cement) to start and stop pumps. Monitors movement of cement through pipelines and tightens couplings or repairs loose connections, using handtools. Observes movement of tide, vessel, and hose hookup in relation to pier, and adjusts ship mooring and hose support lines to ensure continuous and safe operation. Observes cargo hold of vessel to determine completion of loading. Disassembles ship-to-shore hookup, and cleans pipes, hoses, and fittings.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.667-010 BOAT-HOIST-OPERATOR HELPER (retail trade)

Assists BOAT-HOIST OPERATOR (retail trade) to move, lift, and lower yachts and cruisers into and out of water and performs related job tasks: Guides hoist operator by hand and voice signals to maneuver wheeled hoist around obstructions and into loading position above boat. Positions and connects hoist slings for lifting boats. Signals hoist operator to lift or lower boat and guides hoist operator to safely maneuver suspended boat to launching slip, display area, or repair shop. Manually steadies boat as vessel is raised from or lowered into water to prevent bumping into pilings. Positions keel and hull support blocks to support boat being lowered to ground or onto skid. Disconnects and stows slings. Directs stream of water under high pressure from hose against exterior of boat to clean hull of silt, mud, and marine growth. Sands boat surfaces by hand in preparation for painting. Paints boat bottoms, using brush. Assists in mechanical servicing and repairing of boats. Assists other workers in boat repair facility.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.667-014 CHASER (logging)

Directs placement of logs brought to landing by $T3high lead$T1 rig or tractor and unhooks $T3chokers$T1 from logs: Hand signals YARDING ENGINEER (logging) or LOGGING-TRACTOR OPERATOR (forestry; logging; saw. & plan.) where to drop logs on landing for reloading onto logging trucks. Pulls end of choker from bell (sliding fastener) on choker cable to open noose. Signals operator to pull choker free of logs. Cuts knots and limbs from logs, using ax and chain saw. Attaches equipment, such as chokers, lines, blocks, and fire equipment, to outbound rigging as indicated by whistle signals from RIGGING SLINGER (logging). May mark logs [LOG MARKER (logging)]. May be designated Cat Chaser (logging) in tractor logging operations or Water Chaser (logging) when working on floating logs.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.667-018 DUMPER (any industry) alternate titles: bulk loader

Dumps materials, such as coal, chemicals, flue dust, grain, ore, sugar, and salt, into and from railway cars, trucks, or other vehicles, according to specific instructions: Positions and blocks vehicles by signaling LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) 910.363-014 or TRUCK DRIVER, HEAVY (any industry) 905.663-014, or by using winch and car jack or powered tractor to spot cars and set brakes. Positions spout, chute, and conveyor over or into car, truck, bin, or storage pile, and opens slide in spout or chute to start flow of material into or from vehicles. Positions vehicle over storage bin and opens air valve, side door, or car hopper door; starts conveyors, pneumatic conveyors, or elevators; and adjusts dampers to feed materials to specified bin. May use power scoop to pull grain from car into receiving chute. May collect grain sample, using probe. May drive truck onto ramp, secure it with blocks, and attach hook from electric hoist to front end of trailer or truck and push button to activate hoist or move lever of hydraulic lift to elevate front end of truck as tailgate is opened to dump material. May vibrate hopper to facilitate flow into slurry pit, using airhammer. May open solvent tank valve and start pump to wash and transfer residue of materials to saturator and other tanks. May observe pressure gauges and adjust valves to maintain specified pumping pressure. May record car identifying information, such as weight and volume of material loaded and number of cars dumped or filled. May be designated according to kind of vehicle unloaded as Car Dumper (any industry); according to kind of material unloaded as Grain Unloader (grain-feed mills); or according to type of equipment used as Spout Positioner (any industry); Wincher (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 82

921.667-022 LABORER, HOISTING (any industry) alternate titles: crane follower; crane hooker; hitcher; hooker; oiler; signaler

Assists workers engaged in operating derricks, cranes, power shovels, or other hoisting machines used to lift and move machinery, equipment, or materials, such as concrete, castings, structural steel, stone slabs, mill rolls, scrap metal, pipe, dirt, and logs, performing any combination of following duties: Couples and uncouples railroad cars and throws railroad track switches. Affixes hook, bucket, electromagnet, or demolition ball to crane, or affixes rope, cable, chain, sling, or other grappling equipment or attachments to object being lifted or to lifting mechanism. Places blocking, out-riggers, or screw-jacks in position to hold crane or shovel upright when lifting heavy loads. Places supports in position to receive load. Signals operator, vocally or with hand signals, to guide operator in lifting and moving loads when view from crane or shovel cab is obstructed. Pushes or pulls load as it is lowered, until it is deposited in desired place. Secures load to trucks or railcars, using ropes, chains, or bands. Lubricates moving parts of crane or shovel with grease gun or oilcan. May install extension sections to boom, using pins and cotter keys, or nuts and bolts. May lay track or timber runways on which tread-wheeled machines move. May drive truck-mounted crane from one work location to another. May be designated according to equipment used, attachments made, or area worked in as Concrete-Bucket Hooker (construction); Floor Worker, Transfer Bay (nonfer. metal); Locomotive-Crane-Operator Helper (any industry); Log Hooker (millwork-plywood; saw. & plan.); Magnet Placer (steel & rel.); Pit-Worker, Power Shovel (any industry); Power-Shovel-Operator Helper (any industry); Truck-Crane-Operator Helper (any industry). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

921.667-026 WHARF WORKER (water trans.)

Moves grain spouts to load grain into holds of ships: Unlashes grain spout, and lowers, raises, and changes direction of spout to test operation of guide ropes and hand winches. Lowers spout into hold of ship and directs spout toward specified compartment. Signals CONVEYOR-SYSTEM OPERATOR (any industry) to start flow of grain. Moves spout in various directions to load grain evenly into compartment.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.682-010 LOADER, MALT HOUSE (beverage) alternate titles: kiln loader; malt loader

Controls equipment to transfer steeped or malted barley to or from germinating compartments or drying kilns in malt house: Presses switch to position overhead spout under chute, and pulls handle to open chute and dump barley onto compartment or kiln floor. Lifts and removes compartment door to permit entrance of power shovel, using winch. Moves levers and presses pedals of power shovel to transfer malted barley from compartment onto conveyor. Climbs ladder into compartment to clean interior, using scraper, shovel, and high-pressure water hose.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.682-014 PALLETIZER OPERATOR I (any industry)

Operates console that controls automatic palletizing equipment to sort, transfer, and stack on pallets containers of finished products, such as sugar, canned vegetables, citrus juice, and cigarettes: Reads production and delivery schedules and stacking pattern to determine sorting and transfer procedures, arrangement of packages on pallet, and destination of loaded pallet. Observes packages moving along conveyor to identify packages and to detect defective packaging, and presses console buttons to deflect packages to predetermined accumulator or reject lines. Turns selector switch on palletizer to control stacking arrangement of packages on pallet and to transfer loaded pallet to storage or delivery platform. Supplies loading equipment with empty pallets. Stops equipment to clear jams. Informs supervisor of equipment malfunction. May keep record of production and equipment performance. May operate depalletizing equipment and be designated Depalletizer Operator (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.682-018 STACKER-AND-SORTER OPERATOR (saw. & plan.)

Operates machines to sort and stack lumber: Activates conveyor chain that positions lumber stack over hoist. Moves controls to lift hoist and slide single layers of lumber onto chains of sorting machine where boards drop into storage pockets according to length. Starts chain conveyor in bottom of pocket to transfer lumber onto powered rollers for machine stacking preparatory to kiln drying or shipping. Records number of pieces removed from storage, using mechanical hand counter.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.682-022 TRANSFER CONTROLLER (saw. & plan.) alternate titles: jump-roll operator; separator

Operates conveyor system in sawmill to route lumber, cants, and timber to processing operations according to size, grade, and specie, or type of processing required: Raises and lowers cross chains by moving levers and pedals to shift boards, timbers, or cants from one set of conveyor rolls to another or from rolls to platform. Raises stop blocks to stop lumber at specified points along rolls. Stops and reverses conveyors to re-route cants for further processing. May operate electric hoist to move cants to stockpile. May operate cut-off saw to cut cants to specified lengths.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.683-010 BOAT-HOIST OPERATOR (retail trade)

Operates mobile boat hoist to lift and lower yachts and cruisers in and out of water, and to move boats to designated work or storage areas: Starts hoist engine and pushes and pulls levers to move and maneuver four-wheeled boat hoist to straddle boats for moving. Passes sling ends under straddled boat hull, shackles sling ends to winch span, and moves levers to operate power-winch to raise boat clear of support blocks or skids. Drives hoist to move suspended boat to designated location or to hoisting dock to lower boat into water. Operates winch to lower boat to point just above ground surface. Places keel blocks under keel and lowers boat onto keel blocks. Slides and positions hull support blocks and frames against boat bottom for vertical support. Loosens and pulls slings from underneath boat. Drives hoist to dock and lowers boat until slings are slack and signals boat operator to back boat out to clear slings and dock. Operates winch to raise slings out of water or leaves slings in water to pick up another boat. Operates truck to tow empty skids around display or shop areas. Jacks up skids and cradled boats and places dollies under skids to facilitate moving boats in display area. Mounts propellers on shafts to prepare new boats for launching. Operates boats to maneuver boats in and out of slips. Performs related boat handling duties.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.683-014 BOOM-CONVEYOR OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: loader-head operator; stacker attendant

Controls boom conveyors to move materials, such as coal, ore, and gravel, to and from railroad cars or processing station, and storage piles: Starts specified boom conveyor and conveyor belts, and adjusts height, swing, and extension of boom according to size of storage pile or position of car. Opens side gates of railroad cars or gates of processing station to dump material onto conveyor that carries it to storage pile. Positions boom conveyor over railroad car and starts flow of materials from plant or storage pile to load car. Regulates conveyor speed to prevent spilling or weight variations among cars. Observes gauges and lights on control panel to detect malfunctions of conveyor system. Diverts materials to storage bins or notifies plant or tipple operator to stop supply of materials during emergency. Lubricates machine, using grease gun and oilcan. May drive mobile boom conveyor to designated work area. May be known as Stacker Operator (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

921.683-018 CANTILEVER-CRANE OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: container crane operator

Operates electrically powered crane equipped with cantilevers (structural-steel framework which can be lowered to horizontal position and extended over deck or hold of vessel) on which hoisting gear is supported to load or unload container cargo from vessels: Moves controls or levers and presses pedals to activate electrical power, move tower in position alongside vessel, and lower cantilever over deck or hold of vessel. Moves controls to lower hoisting gear for attachment of sling to container, lift and move container along cantilever, and lower and position container on dock, or on vessel deck or hold. Raises cantilever to vertical position when positioning crane to avoid hitting superstructure of vessel. May follow hand signals of other worker. May operate cantilever crane equipped with clamshell to load or unload bulk materials.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.683-022 COAL-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (utilities)

Operates locomotives and bulldozers and controls conveyor systems to transport and pile coal for use in boilers of generating plant: Operates locomotive to haul coal car over unloading bins. Pushes lever of car shaker or car turner to empty coal from car into bins. Starts and controls conveyor that transfers coal to and from bins, bunkers, and storage pile. Operates bulldozers and front-end loaders to shape and compact coal storage pile to minimize possibility of spontaneous combustion. Lubricates and adjusts conveyor systems, bulldozers, and other coal-moving equipment. May loosen frozen coal in gondolas, using steam hose or blowtorch. May collect coal samples for laboratory tests. May tend crusher that reduces size of coal. May operate tugboat to move and position barges for unloading. May read meters and record weight of coal in logbook.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

921.683-030 CUPOLA HOIST OPERATOR (foundry)

Operates skip hoist, using levers and foot brakes, to lift pig iron, coke, and limestone to top of cupola furnace for CUPOLA CHARGER (foundry). Maintains and lubricates hoisting machinery.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.683-034 DERRICK-BOAT OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: barge-crane operator; deck-engine operator; derrick-barge operator; floating-derrick operator; scow-derrick operator

Operates derrick mounted on boat or barge to lift and move heavy objects: Moves control levers and pedals of hoist to rotate, raise, or lower derrick boom and to raise or lower loadline and load attached to it. May move controls of small engines or hoists to push against bottom of body of water with spuds (heavy poles) to move barge from place to place. When derrick boat is self-propelled, operator may be required to possess Master's license issued by U.S. Government.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.683-038 ELEVATOR OPERATOR, FREIGHT (any industry) alternate titles: elevator operator, service

Operates elevator to transport materials and equipment between floors of industrial or commercial establishment: Moves control levers, or pushes buttons to control movement of elevator. Opens and closes safety gate and door of elevator at each floor where stop is made. May load and unload elevator. May transport freight from elevator to designated area, using handtruck. May transport passengers.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.683-042 FRONT-END LOADER OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: loader operator; wheel loader operator

Operates straight or articulated rubber-tired tractor-type vehicle equipped with front-mounted hydraulically powered bucket or scoop to lift and transport bulk materials to and from storage or processing areas, to feed conveyors, hoppers, or chutes, and to load trucks or railcars: Starts engine, shifts gears, presses pedals, and turns steering wheel to operate loader. Moves levers to lower and tilt bucket and drives front-end loader forward to force bucket into bulk material. Moves levers to raise and tilt bucket when filled, drives vehicle to work site, and moves levers to dump material. Performs routine maintenance on loader, such as lubricating, fueling, and cleaning.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

921.683-046 HYDRAULIC-BOOM OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Operates hydraulic boom to lift copper anodes from casting mold and place anodes in cooling tank: Moves levers to position hydraulic boom and cable line over cast anode, lift copper anode from mold, and place anode into slot of rack in cooling tank. Lifts filled rack from tank and places rack on railroad flatcar. Records number of anodes cast. Cleans mold, changes pouring ladles, and sweeps work area, as part of work crew.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.683-050 INDUSTRIAL-TRUCK OPERATOR (any industry)

Drives gasoline-, liquefied gas-, or electric-powered industrial truck equipped with lifting devices, such as forklift, boom, scoop, lift beam and swivel-hook, fork-grapple, clamps, elevating platform, or trailer hitch, to push, pull, lift, stack, tier, or move products, equipment, or materials in warehouse, storage yard, or factory: Moves levers and presses pedals to drive truck and control movement of lifting apparatus. Positions forks, lifting platform, or other lifting device under, over, or around loaded pallets, skids, boxes, products, or materials or hooks tow trucks to trailer hitch, and transports load to designated area. Unloads and stacks material by raising and lowering lifting device. May inventory materials on work floor, and supply workers with materials as needed. May weigh materials or products and record weight on tags, labels, or production schedules. May load or unload materials onto or off of pallets, skids, or lifting device. May lubricate truck, recharge batteries, fill fuel tank, or replace liquefied-gas tank. May be designated according to article moved as Lead Loader (smelt. & refin.); process in which involved as Stripper Truck Operator (smelt. & refin.); or type of truck operated as Electric-Truck-Crane Operator (any industry); Fork-Lift-Truck Operator (any industry); Tier-Lift-Truck Operator (any industry). May be designated: Burnt-Lime Drawer (concrete prod.); Casting Trucker (foundry); Electric-Freight-Car Operator (r.r. trans.); Electric-Truck Operator (any industry); Gasoline-Truck Operator (any industry); Metal-Storage Worker (nonfer. metal); Package-Lift Operator (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 82

921.683-054 JAMMER OPERATOR (logging) alternate titles: stiff-neck loader

Operates gasoline- or diesel-powered jammer (A-frame hoist mounted on truck chassis) to load logs on truck and to lift trailer from logging truck to ground.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.683-058 LOG LOADER (logging) alternate titles: grapple operator; heel-boom operator

Operates heel-boom log loader equipped with cable, hydraulic, or pneumatically controlled grapples to load logs onto log trucks. Selects logs to be loaded according to specie and size required to attain balanced and compact load. May be designated according to type of machine operated as Shovel-Loader Operator (logging).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

921.683-062 SKIP OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: scale-and-skip-car operator

Controls scale car (larry car) and skip hoist to transfer raw materials from storage bins to blast furnace: Moves controls of scale car to position car under chute of storage bin. Pulls lever to open bin filling car with raw materials, such as iron ore, coke, limestone, or sinter. Drives car onto scale to weigh materials in car. Positions car on skip pit and pulls lever to dump contents into skip car. Moves control of skip hoist to transport skip car up inclined ramp and dump contents into charging bell of furnace. Records data, such as number of charges, weight of materials, and stock levels in furnace.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.683-066 SORTING-GRAPPLE OPERATOR (logging)

Operates mobile crane equipped with heel-boom and hydraulic grapples to sort and stack logs in sorting yard according to species, grade, size, and designated use markings on log: Starts crane engine and moves levers and pedals to move and position machine boom and grapple to pick up individual logs. Moves levers to grasp log with grapples, force log against heel of boom, raise log to horizontal position, and rotate boom to position log on specified pile.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

921.683-070 STRADDLE-TRUCK OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: straddle buggy operator

Drives four-wheeled vehicle that carries loads of materials beneath its elevated frame for short hauls within or near plant: Starts vehicle and drives astride load of materials, such as lumber, bundled sheet metal, cased citrus juice, or empty skids. Pushes and pulls levers to raise and lower lifting mechanism equipped with hook, or to control hydraulic systems equipped with clamps (attached to underside of frame) that grasp, lift, and hold material or products for transport to designated area. Drives machine to specified delivery point, and moves levers to lower load to ground. Makes minor adjustments to vehicle. When conveying lumber, may be designated Lumber-Carrier Driver (saw. & plan.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.683-074 TOWER-LOADER OPERATOR (water trans.) alternate titles: coal-tower operator

Operates mechanical loading tower to load ships and barges with bulk raw materials, such as coal, iron ore, or iron pellets: Moves controls and levers and depresses pedals to position tower for loading operations, to lower conveyor directly over vessel hatch, and to position chute to guide materials into hold of ship. Starts conveyor belt to convey materials from stockpile or gondola cars into hold of vessel. Moves chute controls to spread materials evenly throughout hold of vessel. Adjusts and makes minor repairs to tower and accessory equipment.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

921.683-078 TRANSFER-CAR OPERATOR (brick & tile)

Drives electrically powered transfer car on railroad tracks to transport carloads of brick or tile to and from loading station, drying tunnel, kiln, sorting area, or other designated area: Flips switches, moves levers, and depresses pedals to move transfer car to loading station and aligns rails on transfer car with rails on loading platform. Hooks winch cable to carload of brick or tile and operates winch to pull loaded drier car or kiln car onto transfer car. Drives transfer car to specified drier or kiln and aligns transfer car rails with rails into kiln or drier. Hooks cable to loaded car and operates winch to pull car into drier or kiln. Pulls car of dried or fired brick or tile from drying tunnel or kiln and transfers car to sorting area, processing department, or storage area. May manually push or pull loaded or empty cars onto or off transfer car. May open and close drying tunnel or kiln doors, using hook or by pressing button or moving lever. May move dried brick from drier cars to kiln cars, using hoist. May operate automated system that loads brick onto drier cars and moves cars through drying tunnel.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

921.683-082 WINCH DRIVER (water trans.)

Operates steam or electric winch to hoist or lower cargo in or out of ship's hold: Inspects booms, lashings, and wire rope to assure safe operation. Moves levers to raise, lower, and turn load. Follows hand signals of HATCH TENDER (water trans.) to control movement of load when it is obscured. May alternate work with HATCH TENDER (water trans.).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.683-086 YARD WORKER (ship-boat mfg.)

Operates winch to move towboats or other vessels from shop to yard, and launches vessels, using winch: Pushes buttons or levers of automatic or hand jacks to raise vessel off ground. Positions dolly on tracks under ship. Releases jacks to lower vessel onto dolly. Pushes button or turns crank to actuate winch that pulls dolly and vessel into yard. Transfers vessel from dolly to cradle on launching rails, using jacks and other supports. Lowers cradle and vessel into water, using winch.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.685-010 BOAT LOADER II (water trans.)

Tends winch and loading chute to load boats and barges with iron ore at dock: Selects pocket of ore from list submitted by dock supervisor. Starts power winch that moves boat, by means of cables looped over dock pilings at bow, along rail and stern of boat until hatch is opposite ore pocket. Pulls overhead cables to lower ore chute, allowing ore to flow into hatch. Trims or evens distribution of ore in hold by raising and lowering chute to prevent listing of boat.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.685-014 BULL-CHAIN OPERATOR (saw. & plan.) alternate titles: deck worker; log-deck tender

Tends chain conveyor that hauls logs up chute from pond to saw or barker deck. May activate kicker arms that push log conveyor to deck.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-018 CAGER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends stacking machine that loads sealed cans or jars of baby food into metal baskets for processing in retorts: Pushes basket, mounted on dolly, onto hydraulic lift mounted at floor level and located at discharge platform of filling machine. Presses button and moves lever to activate lift that raises adjustable bottom of basket up to level of platform. Presses button to activate device that slides jars of baby food from platform into basket. Places divider over each layer of jars in basket. Activates lift that lowers adjustable bottom of basket for subsequent layers of jars until basket is filled. Attaches tag to basket to identify type of baby food packed.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-022 CHIP-BIN CONVEYOR TENDER (chemical; paper & pulp) alternate titles: chip deliverer; chip-silo tender

Tends equipment that conveys wood chips from chippers, cleaning machines, or yard storage to storage tanks and digester bins: Starts conveyor belts and elevators to convey specified wood chips to designated bins and tanks. Adjusts feed mechanism by valve or lever control to regulate flow of wood chips to prevent overloading of belt. Cleans belts, using shovel, broom, and airhose, and lubricates machinery. May set trippers or slides to divert chips from belt into specified bins. May measure tanks to determine amount of chips in storage. May unload chips from railroad cars or trucks, using pneumatic tube.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-026 CONVEYOR TENDER (any industry) alternate titles: belt tender; conveyor monitor; receiver, bulk system

Tends conveyor or conveyor system that moves materials or products by belt, auger, or bucket conveyors to and from stockpiles, bins, silos, processing operations, or departments, or to load and unload railroad cars and trucks: Moves levers or pushes buttons to start conveyor. Loads conveyor by hand, lift, or hoist or by opening gates, chutes, or hoppers. Observes movement of materials or products on conveyor and dislodges jams, using pole, bar, handtools, or by hand. Notifies supervisor of equipment malfunction. Lubricates moving parts, using grease gun and oilcan. May position deflector bars, gates, chutes, or spouts to divert flow of materials from one conveyor onto another conveyor. May move and assemble portable conveyor sections and plug in electric cords to start conveyors. May clean work area, using shovel and broom. May tend conveyor motors in grain elevator and be designated Grain-Elevator-Motor Starter (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

921.685-030 COOKER LOADER (oils & grease) alternate titles: charge loader; tank charger

Tends conveyor that feeds offal, bone, or meat into cookers: Opens cooker lid and conveyor chute above cooker. Starts conveyor and observes ammeter or marker in cooker to determine when to stop conveyor, or sets timer to stop conveyor automatically. Cleans working area, using broom and water hose. May tend related equipment that breaks and chops material prior to cooking. May tend conveyor that feeds horizontal, steam-heated melters (cooking vessels) and be designated Melter Loader (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-034 DRIER-TAKE-OFF TENDER (elec. equip.)

Tends conveyor that regulates movement of storage-battery plates through drying machine. Removes dried plates emerging from drier on conveyor and stacks plates on dollies or skids. Moves loaded dollies or skids to stockroom and empty ones to takeoff station, using electric lift truck.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-038 DUMP OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: car-dumper operator; tipple worker

Tends mechanical or electrical dumping equipment to dump materials, such as grain, raw materials, coal, or ore, from mine cars, railroad cars, or trucks into bins or onto conveyor for storage, reloading, or further processing, using either of following methods: (1) Observes that car or truck is spotted accurately on bed of rotary dump. Moves controls to secure clamps over couplings that hold car while being tipped. Starts motor or pulls lever that tips car and dumps contents. Releases clamps to remove car. (2) Opens bottom or side doors of car or truck spotted over gravity dump. Moves controls to lower car shakeout device into car and to start vibration that loosens remaining coal or ore. May hook winch cables to cars to draw them onto dumping bed. May couple and uncouple cars. May be required to maintain records of unloading operations. May be designated according to type of equipment tended as Car-Shakeout Operator (cement; mine & quarry); Rotary-Dump Operator (mine & quarry; steel & rel.); or according to material unloaded as Grain Unloader, Machine (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

921.685-042 ELECTRIC-FORK OPERATOR (agriculture)

Tends powered hoist to load vine crops, such as green peas or lima bean vines onto conveyor of viner (pea or bean-shelling machine): Pushes hoisting fork into pile of vine crops, and starts hoist that lifts vine crops and drops vines into viner. Rakes up scattered vines and pitches vines into viner, using pitchfork.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-046 FRUIT DISTRIBUTOR (agriculture)

Tends conveyor to distribute citrus fruit to packers' work stations: Tends conveyor, patrols catwalks beside conveyors and monitors flow of fruit passing to each packing station. Reroutes flow of fruit to maintain adequate supply to each packer. Turns wing nut on rail of conveyor to loosen deflector bar. Pushes or pulls on rod to move longitudinal deflector bar regulating flow of fruit to approximate packing speed of each worker. Turns wing nut to clamp rod attached to deflector bar in place. Repeats task to adjust all deflector bars necessary to obtain desired flow of fruit to packers.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.685-050 PRODUCTION-SUPPLY-EQUIPMENT TENDER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: production helper

Tends equipment that conveys shelled corn and vegetable oil between processes in plant producing foods, such as corn chips and cheese puffs: Starts bucket-type conveyor or pneumatic conveyor that transfers shelled corn from freight cars and trucks to corn storage elevator. Moves levers to control flow of corn from elevator to hoppers of cleaning and grinding machines. Connects pipe, tightens coupling with wrenches, and starts pumps to transfer vegetable oils from tank cars to storage tanks. Opens valves to transfer oils from storage tanks to cooking vats in production areas of plant. Collects oil and corn grain samples for laboratory analysis. Sprays corn storage elevators and conveyor belts with insecticide and seals elevator for specified period to eliminate insects. May weigh trucks before and after unloading [GRAIN RECEIVER (grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.685-054 SORTER OPERATOR (saw. & plan.) alternate titles: lumber sorter, machine

Tends sorting mechanism and grades green lumber as lumber passes on conveyor to designated racks: Determines length and thickness of board by comparing board with gauged marks on machine table. Lifts end of board and feels wood to estimate moisture content. Routes board to appropriate holding rack by pressing specified button on control panel. May grade and route veneer to designated bin and be designated Veneer Sorter (millwork-plywood).
GOE: 05.07.06 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

921.685-058 SPOUT TENDER II (chemical)

Tends railcar loading devices to load bulk material, such as phosphatic fertilizer, into hopper cars and boxcars: Presses buttons on hand held control box to position loading spout and feed conveyor over compartment of hopper car. Presses buttons to start spout feed conveyor and to start flow of material from overhead bin onto feed conveyor. Observes flow of material into hopper car and presses buttons on control box to change position of spout to assure equal weight distribution in hopper car. Collects sample of material from spout as each compartment is filled to make up composite sample for laboratory analysis. Closes hinged hatch covers on top of hopper car. Attaches grain doors (wooden inner doors) to contain material in boxcar, using hammer and nails. Moves lever to position hydraulically powered loading chute into boxcar. Presses buttons to start flow of material from overhead bin and to start slinger unit (high speed conveyor in curved end of chute) which throws material to ends of boxcar. Moves levers to swivel slinger to distribute load evenly. Cleans boxcars and hopper cars to eliminate product contamination, using broom and shovel.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.685-062 STACKER TENDER (millwork-plywood)

Tends control panel that controls raising and lowering of stacking tables in veneer bins, and conveyor that conveys stacks of veneer sheets from filled bins for further processing: Observes control panel lights to determine status of each bin being loaded and pulls lever to lower veneer stacking table of respective bin to unloading position when panel light indicates bin is full. Paints identifying information on end of veneer stack, using paint spray can. Pushes buttons to open bin gate and to activate conveyor to convey veneer stack from bin for further processing. Pushes lever to raise veneer stacking table to loading position. Observes control panel lights to detect faulty operation of stacking machine and stops conveyor and machine when malfunction occurs. Pulls lever on control panel or releases valve manually at bin to lower stacking table and pulls jammed veneer sheet into bin. Pushes button to start timer whenever machine breakdowns occur and records downtime according to type of machine breakdown.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.685-066 TRANSFER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends equipment that distributes logs and wood-blocks to saws, barkers, washers, splitters, chippers, and grinders according to size and species of wood: Observes logs and blocks to determine wood species and to estimate diameter and length of logs and condition of wood and bark. Pushes button kickers, or moves lever or pedal controls to start transfer chains and conveyors to distribute and convey logs and blocks to appropriate machines. Breaks up jams on conveyors, using pike pole, or $T3picaroon.$T1 May remove oversized blocks or those having knots or decayed portions. May saw or split oversized blocks.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.685-070 UNSCRAMBLER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that automatically unscrambles cans or jars of cooked food products from retort baskets into straight line to facilitate further processing: Lowers retort basket to top of hydraulic lift, using hoist, and clamps basket onto lift. Adjusts conveyor sides to permit passage of cans or jars, and pushes button to activate conveyor. Moves levers to activate lift that raises tiers of cans or jars to conveyor height and to activate arm which moves containers from retort basket to conveyor. Observes flow on conveyor and removes warped or bent cans and repositions cans causing bottlenecks. Repeats operation for each layer of cans or jars in basket. Moves empty basket to designated area, using overhead hoist.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.686-010 CARTON-COUNTER FEEDER (tobacco)

Sorts and feeds cartons of damaged or stale cigarettes according to brands into tracks of conveyor that carries cartons through automatic counting device and down chute for reprocessing.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.686-014 CONVEYOR FEEDER-OFFBEARER (any industry) alternate titles: carton catcher; dumper-bulk system

Feeds and off bears conveyor or conveyor system performing any of following tasks: Picks up materials or products from pallet, handtruck, or dolly, and places materials or products onto conveyor, or opens bins or chutes to dump bulk materials onto conveyor, or hangs products on chain or overhead conveyor, or transfers materials or products from one conveyor to another conveyor, and aligns materials or products on conveyor to prevent jams. Dislodges jams by hand or pole. Removes materials or products from discharge end of conveyor and stacks materials or products on trays, pallets, or handtrucks. May feed and off bear conveyor that conveys material or products through machines or equipment operated or tended by another worker. May inspect materials or products for damage or for conformity to specifications. May push material or products between machines or departments on roller conveyor. May move materials or products to or from conveyor, using handtruck, dolly, or electric handtruck. May start or stop conveyor. May open cartons or shipping containers and place contents on conveyor. May use hoist to load or unload conveyor. May stencil, tag, stamp, or write identifying information on packaged products. May record production. May keep work area clean and orderly.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

921.686-018 LOG-HAUL CHAIN FEEDER (paper & pulp; saw. & plan.)

Rolls logs from railroad cars onto moving log-haul chain: Cuts wires and stakes that bind load to car. Breaks jam of logs on car and rolls them one by one on log-haul chain. Cleans log haul and car.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.686-022 POND WORKER (millwork-plywood; paper & pulp; saw. & plan.) alternate titles: chute feeder; jacker feeder; log-chain feeder; poler; sinker puller; slip feeder

Feeds logs onto conveyor that moves logs from pond to saw or barker deck: Stands on catwalk, flatboat, raft, or floating logs and guides logs onto conveyor, using pike pole. Raises sunken logs, using hoist. May operate powered winch to raise sunken logs. May be designated according to work station as Boat Worker (saw. & plan.); Log Rider (saw. & plan.).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.687-010 CAR-DUMPER-OPERATOR HELPER (beverage) alternate titles: car-unloader helper

Performs following tasks in dumping grain from railroad cars: Slides open and secures car doors. Removes wood and paper from grain flowing from tipped cars, using grappling hooks. Positions metal plank in car to guide grain dumped into hopper. Sweeps empty car and closes door. May lower road crossing gates at rail and road intersection.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.687-014 CHOKE SETTER (logging)

Fastens $T3choker$T1 cables around logs for yarding from cutting area to landing: Pulls choker cables from tractor winch or main-line of yarding machine, passes ball (one end) under and around log, and secures end to bell (sliding fastener) to form noose. May clear brush and earth from under log, using ax and shovel. May assist RIGGING SLINGER (logging) in installing and dismantling rigging of high lead or similar yarding system. May be designated Cat Hooker (logging) in tractor yarding.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.687-018 LOADER (mfd. bldgs.)

Loads prefabricated home components and modular home units on trucks for shipment to construction site: Loads components in reverse order of house construction sequence and according to size, using electric hoist. Straps completed shipment stacks, using banding tool and clamps. Lifts modular home units from assembly line trailer and lowers unit onto truck bed for shipment, using hydraulic jacks.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.687-022 LOG LOADER HELPER (logging) alternate titles: second loader

Loads logs onto trucks or railroad cars, performing any combination of following tasks: Hand signals directions for hoisting of trailer from truck chassis and positioning of truck for loading. Connects brake and electrical lines and trailer to truck. Positions railcars for loading, using power winch, pinchbar, and car hand brakes. Secures tongs, slings, or other attachment to log, guides loading of logs by hand and using hand signals, and releases attachments. Trims protruding limbs and knots, using ax and chain saw. Marks log with specified symbols, using paint spray can or branding hammer. Secures load with chains, cables, or steel straps. May roll logs up ramp and position logs on truck, using peavey or cant hook. May be designated according to type of loading equipment involved as Jammer Operator Helper (logging); Grapple Operator Helper (logging); or work location as Loader Helper, Sorting Yard (logging).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.687-026 RIGGER HELPER (any industry)

Assists RIGGER (any industry) in setting up, bracing, and rigging hoisting equipment, performing duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

921.687-030 RIGGER, THIRD (logging)

Carries blocks (pulleys) and cable to RIGGER (logging), threads cables through blocks, and performs similar tasks while working as member of crew engaged in installing blocks, cables, and other rigging used in skidding logs.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

921.687-034 WOOD HANDLER (paper & pulp)

Monitors flow of wood in chute and conveyors, and breaks up jams to maintain uninterrupted supply of wood to grinders: Stands beside conveyor and pushes and pulls crossed or interlocked blocks into alignment on belt, using pike pole. Picks up fallen blocks of wood and tosses wood back onto conveyor.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922 OCCUPATIONS IN MOVING AND STORING MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with loading and moving materials and products, using work aids, other than machines, such as handtrucks, electric handtrucks or dollies, and wheelbarrows; shoveling, carrying, sorting, and stacking materials and products; and stock checking or records keeping not included in Division 22. Loading and moving materials and products by means of pumping equipment is included in Group 914.

922.137-010 SENIOR-COMMISSARY AGENT (air trans.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, storing, preparing, assembling, and loading supplies aboard aircraft, such as linens, glasses, emergency kits, and beverages for airline commissary: Reads shipping documents and inspects storage areas to determine space available for storage. Plans commissary supply schedule according to number and type of flights scheduled for departure. Directs workers as to amount and type of supplies to be assembled and loaded on each flight. Conducts inventories to determine supply requirements and orders replacements from main warehouse. Compiles receipt and disbursement data and computes balance. Contacts catering service, supply vendors, and other flight stations to coordinate equipment and supply balance. Trains new workers. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

922.137-014 SUPERVISOR, HIDE HOUSE (leather mfg.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting, storing and unloading incoming hides or skins. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

922.137-018 SUPERVISOR, LOADING AND UNLOADING (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading cargo from conveyances, such as railroad cars, trucks, and ships, and in moving and storing materials or products: Assigns job tasks to worker according to loading and unloading schedules, and observes loading of conveyance to determine conformance to loading patterns and to prevent shifting or damage to materials or products during transit. Verifies materials loaded or unloaded against work order or bill of lading. Directs workers to move materials or products to storage areas or production departments. Trains new employees in job duties. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May schedule sequence of transportation usage, routes of transportation vehicle operators, or movement of materials into and out of storage area. May be designated according to materials handled, work location, or specialization as Bull-Gang Supervisor (tobacco); Munitions-Handler Supervisor (ordnance); Platform Supervisor (any industry); Supervisor, Case Loading (beverage); Supervisor, Loading (any industry); Supervisor, Shipping (bakery products); Supervisor, Shipping Room (beverage); Supervisor, Unloading (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 82

922.137-022 SUPERVISOR, OPEN-HEARTH STOCKYARD (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in stocking raw materials and scrap used for open-hearth furnace charging operations. Directs workers in filling charging boxes with scrap, loading boxes on charging buggies (low flatbed railroad car), weighing scrap, and positioning buggies on charging floor. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

922.137-026 WAREHOUSE TRAFFIC SUPERVISOR (wholesale tr.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in unloading and placing tobacco on auction warehouse floor and directs traffic to and from warehouse: Directs drivers of loaded vehicles to unloading site, and empty vehicles to exits, to expedite unloading of vehicles and avoid traffic congestion. Directs workers to place loads of tobacco in designated areas on warehouse floor. May estimate amount of floor space available to prevent overcrowding of warehouse floor. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

922.137-030 YARD SUPERVISOR (forestry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving and shipping Christmas trees: Inspects operations of yard to ensure that orders for trees are filled and company standards regarding processing of trees are adhered to. Inspects trees received from SUPERVISOR, CHRISTMAS-TREE FARM (forestry) and private individuals, and writes invoices to indicate number and sizes of trees accepted. Confers with MANAGER, CHRISTMAS-TREE FARM (forestry) regarding shipping schedules, tree production, and size of work force required. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

922.587-010 PRIMING-MIXTURE CARRIER (ordnance)

Moves explosive priming mixture from isolated storage houses to primer and rimfire charging departments: Supplies outside window boxes, near charging stations, with containers of various type mixtures according to work order. Records type and quantity of mixtures received and distributed. Turns valves to replenish water in humidifying trays in wet mixture houses and reports abnormal temperature in dry mixture houses. May flush storage houses, using hose, to prevent accumulation of explosive dust. May wash residue from empty containers with neutralizing solution.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.665-010 FLUMER I (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: beet flumer

Tends equipment that conveys water and sugar beets from storage bins through flume to washroom: Pushes button to start equipment and turns steam and water valves to admit heated water into flume. Turns crank to raise storage bin gate to start flow of sugar beets into flume. Turns valves to increase or decrease flow of water and beets through flume into washroom according to bell, telephone, or light signals. Observes flow of beets in flume to detect jamming and loosens jams, using bar. Notifies supervisor of equipment malfunction. May maintain equipment, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

922.665-014 BIN TRIPPER OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Tends discharge end of conveyor system that moves raw materials in blast furnace to storage bins: Inspects bins and notifies CONVEYOR-SYSTEM OPERATOR (any industry) 921.662-018 of required material, such as iron and manganese ore, limestone, clay, or sinter. Moves control to position tipper over bin. Opens valve to turn on water spray to settle dust. Notifies CONVEYOR-SYSTEM OPERATOR (any industry) when bin is full. Presses switch to stop conveyor for malfunctions. Scrapes and cleans bins and bin areas, using bar, scraper, shovel, and broom.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

922.667-010 YARD WORKER, USED BUILDING MATERIALS (retail trade)

Salvages and stores used building materials: Stacks cleaned lumber according to size and condition. Sorts and stores used millwork, plumbing fixtures, heating equipment, and structural steel. Cuts lumber to customer's specifications, using power saw. Fills customer's order and loads materials on car or truck.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

922.684-010 LOCKER-PLANT ATTENDANT (retail trade; wholesale tr.)

Performs any combination of following duties in frozen-food locker plant: Wraps food in protective paper or plastic film and ties package by hand or machine. Stamps identifying label and weight on package. Packs wrapped packages in baskets and places them in freezing room until frozen, then transfers them to designated storage lockers. Records items packed, weight, and locker numbers, and sends data to business office. Fills orders from customers' lockers on written request and retail orders from stock. Slices, grinds, and cubes meat by machine. Cleans work area in processing room. May cut beef, pork, or other meat into roasts, chops, steaks, or other forms as requested by customer [MEAT CUTTER (retail trade; wholesale tr.)]. May sell containers for freezing fruits and vegetables. May issue receipts for foods left for freezing. May collect service fees from customers.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

922.686-010 DUMPER (chemical)

Dumps nitrocellulose into trough for transfer to explosives-manufacturing equipment: Rolls barrels of nitrocellulose from railroad car to dumping room over wooden rails. Removes lock rims and lids of barrels, using handtools. Upturns barrels over water jet in trough and strikes bottom with rubber mallet to loosen contents. May pump slurry to agitating and blending tubs.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

922.686-014 LOWERATOR OPERATOR (fabrication, nec)

Removes wrapped felt-base rugs and felt-base floor coverings from machine that automatically conveys them to lower floor for final processing. Weighs rugs and coverings, using floor scale, and sorts them according to grade. Moves products to storage rooms, using handtruck. Records weights and grades of products.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-010 BIN FILLER (tobacco) alternate titles: bin packer; leaf binner; leaf tinner

Packs tobacco filler leaves in storage bin, positioning leaves in rows to prevent breakage. Covers leaves with rubber sheet and closes bin.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-014 BINDER-AND-WRAPPER PACKER (tobacco)

Packs binder and wrapper tobacco leaves in cases preparatory to storage: Picks up leaves by stems and places them in case. Places burlap covering over leaves, climbs into case, and walks on covering to compact tobacco, removing burlap for use in repeating process for subsequent layers. Nails boards over top of case and conveys case to storage room, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-018 BOBBIN SORTER (glass mfg.; plastic-synth.; textile) alternate titles: bobbin salvager; spool salvager

Sorts bobbins or spools according to type or number and places bobbins in specified bin or box. Inspects bobbins or spools for defects. Removes waste yarn from bobbins or spools [BOBBIN CLEANER, HAND (any industry)]. May remove identification stickers or disks from cleaned bobbins or spools. May convey sorted bobbins or spools to specified work station, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-022 BOLT LOADER (saw. & plan.) alternate titles: car loader

Loads and stacks halved or quartered stave-logs in cars that are rolled into steam tunnel [STEAM-TUNNEL FEEDER (saw. & plan.)].
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-026 BULL-GANG WORKER (tobacco) alternate titles: hogshead roller; load-out worker; roller

Moves hogsheads of tobacco, between departments, onto scales, and onto truck or boxcars by rolling or using handtruck. Stacks hogsheads in tiers or removes hogsheads from stack, using skids and stick or iron bar. Works as member of team when stacking and loading hogsheads. May call hogshead number and grade stenciled on hogshead to BOOKING PRIZER (tobacco) as hogsheads are rolled onto scale.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-030 CAN FILLER (tobacco)

Fills carrying cans with tobacco leaves from storage bins: Removes tobacco leaves from storage bins and spreads tobacco on table to separate leaves stuck together. Places tobacco in can in manner that prevents leaves from being compressed. Places cover on can and carries can to scales to be weighed.
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

922.687-034 CAR PINCHER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: car shifter

Moves railroad cars or tank cars in yard or at loading dock, using pinchbar inserted under car wheel to position domes of railcars under loading spouts. May place planks between coke ovens and top of railroad car to provide path for wheelbarrows. May daub coke oven doors with clay to regulate air intake.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

922.687-038 COAL SAMPLER (utilities)

Collects coal samples from hopper cars or coal bunkers preparatory to testing: Inserts specified size of pipe in car or bunker, using sledgehammer, to facilitate gathering coal sample. Dumps coal from pipe into container and records sample source. Carries sample to testing laboratory.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-042 COTTON SAMPLER (agriculture; textile) alternate titles: sampler

Removes samples of cotton from bales for classification purposes: Cuts bale band and burlap covering, using shears and knife. Opens outside layers of cotton, and pulls or cuts samples from interior of each side of bale. Tears stub from bale identification tag, places stub in sample, and wraps samples in paper. May transfer bales of cotton to platform scales, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-046 ICER (wholesale tr.) alternate titles: top icer

Deposits layer of crushed ice on fresh food products packed in barrels, boxes, or crates, to refrigerate them during shipment: Scrapes off surplus ice and passes crate along conveyor system, slides crate to LIDDER (any industry), or places lid on container and moves container to storage or shipping area, using handtruck. May shovel ice into ice compartment of food distribution trucks. May be designated according to container in which product is packed as Box Icer (can. & preserv.); Crate Icer (can. & preserv.); or according to product iced as Fish Icer (can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

922.687-050 INSTALLER (museums)

Moves, installs, and stores paintings, statuary, and other art objects in art museum: Places protective pads on handtruck platform and lifts paintings, statuary, or other art objects onto handtruck and places protective pads between and around objects to ensure against damage. Pushes handtruck from shipping-receiving area to storage or display gallery as directed by supervisor. Places objects to be stored in designated sections of storage area. Removes objects to be displayed from handtruck, hangs paintings, and positions statuary and other objects in cabinets or on stands as directed. Dismantles exhibit components, as directed, and moves art objects, cabinets, and other display items to storage area. Moves designated objects from storage area to shipping room.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-054 LABORATORY-SAMPLE CARRIER (any industry) alternate titles: sample gatherer; sampler

Collects samples of products or raw materials for laboratory analysis, performing any combination of following tasks: Turns valves or dips sample container to transfer liquid samples from pipeline, processing equipment, tanks, or other vessels to test tubes, bottles, or buckets. Transfers dry samples, such as ore, grain, crystals, powder, or granular material to containers, using shovel, hand scoop, sample stick, or handtool. Labels sample containers with identifying data, location of sample, and time collected. Delivers samples to laboratory for analysis. Cleans sample containers, using specified cleaning agents and brushes or scrapers. Gathers samples at specified locations, stages of processing, and time interval. May collect samples of radioactive waste, following prescribed safety procedures, and be designated Sampler, Radioactive Waste (chemical).
GOE: 05.09.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

922.687-058 LABORER, STORES (any industry) alternate titles: order picker; parts picker; stock selector; warehouse worker

Performs any combination of following tasks to receive, store, and distribute material, tools, equipment, and products within establishments: Reads production schedule, customer order, work order, shipping order, or requisition to determine items to be moved, gathered, or distributed. Conveys materials and items from receiving or production areas to storage or to other designated areas by hand, handtruck, or electric handtruck. Sorts and places materials or items on racks, shelves, or in bins according to predetermined sequence, such as size, type, style, color, or product code. Sorts and stores perishable goods in refrigerated rooms. Fills requisitions, work orders, or requests for materials, tools, or other stock items and distributes items to production workers or assembly line. Assembles customer orders from stock and places orders on pallets or shelves, or conveys orders to packing station or shipping department. Marks materials with identifying information, using stencil, crayon, or other marking device. Opens bales, crates, and other containers, using handtools. Records amounts of materials or items received or distributed. Weighs or counts items for distribution within plant to ensure conformance to company standards. Arranges stock parts in specified sequence for assembly by other workers. May use computer to enter records. May compile worksheets or tickets from customer specifications [ORDER DETAILER (clerical) 221.387-046]. May drive vehicle to transport stored items from warehouse to plant or to pick up items from several locations for shipment. May complete requisition forms to order supplies from other plant departments. May prepare parcels for mailing. May maintain inventory records. May restock aircraft commissary supplies, such as linens, glasses, emergency kits, and beverages, and be designated Commissary Agent (air trans.). May be known according to specific duty performed as Cloth-Bin Packer (textile); Cooler Worker (dairy products); Order Filler (any industry); Produce Clerk (retail trade) II; Tool Chaser (any industry).
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 88

922.687-062 LABORER, WHARF (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: dock worker; fish pitcher; lumper; wharf hand

Unloads catch from fishing vessels and conveys fish from wharf to fish-dressing or storage area, performing any combination of following tasks: Loads cargo net, crane bucket, or conveyor with catch from hold of boat, by hand or with shovel or pew (hooked prong). Dumps catch from cargo net or crane bucket onto dock platform, and sorts catch according to species, size, or grade. Pushes cart of fish to fish-cleaning tables and dumps fish on table, or piles fish on floor and covers them with chipped ice for temporary storage. Shovels fish scrap into cart and pushes cart to disposal area. May assist boat crew in mooring boat at dock. May clean fish [FISH CLEANER (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.)].
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-066 LAST PUTTER-AWAY (boot & shoe; rubber goods) alternate titles: dead header; returner, lasts

Sorts and stores lasts (shoe molds) in numbered bins, in racks, or on skids, according to size and style. Picks up lasts in assembly area and transports them to storage room for sorting and placing in bins, using handtruck.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-070 LUMBER HANDLER (woodworking) alternate titles: lumber piler; lumber racker; lumber stacker; lumber sticker

Stacks lumber on kiln cars, in yard, or in shed to dry or store, performing any combination of following tasks: Places lumber piece by piece in layers, leaving space between edges of adjacent pieces. Places sticks between layers as stack rises to permit circulation of air and bind stack together. Stands on ground and hands lumber to another worker on top of stack. Positions timbers on kiln car, ground, or shed floor to build foundation for lumber stacks. Places blocks against wheels of loaded kiln car in dry kiln to prevent movement of car. Unloads lumber from stacks or kiln cars. Places lumber, veneer, or plywood on conveyor for further processing. Loads and unloads stacking machine, working in teamwork with other workers [STACKER, MACHINE (woodworking) 569.685-066]. May stack bundles of laths or barrel staves. May attach identity card to stacks of lumber and record number of stacks by species for supervisor. May carry materials, such as lumber, mortar mix, and nails to sales counter or load materials onto delivery trucks. May be designated according to purpose of stacking as Kiln Stacker (woodworking).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

922.687-074 LUMBER SORTER (woodworking) alternate titles: lumber puller; racker; separator

Sorts lumber or veneer according to grade markings and size: Removes boards from sorting table, handtruck, or conveyor and stacks in piles or places boards in rack or on conveyor, according to grade marking, length, or use of boards. Gauges length of boards by sight, by marks on sorting table, or by measuring with rule. May remove defective lumber from conveyor and stack lumber according to grade, length, species, and color. May hand stamp grade markings on boards or stack of lumber. May be designated according to sorting equipment used as Racker (saw. & plan.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-078 PAPER STRIPPER (paper goods; print. & pub.)

Reads work order to determine amount and type of paper required for printing. Strips outside wrapper from rolls of printing paper or wallpaper stock and cuts away torn, soiled, or creased sections, using knife, to prepare stock for printing. Conveys stock to printing machines, using handtruck. May move raw materials, such as pigment and chemicals to other departments, using handtruck.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-082 PULP PILER (logging) alternate titles: pulp roller

Stacks pulpwood logs in piles at skidway or landing near logging road or stream. Places logs on pile by hand, or guides logs into position with cant hook as log is lifted by mechanical means.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-086 RETURNED-GOODS SORTER (textile)

Sorts defective cloth returned to textile mill or processing establishment. Opens shipping cases, using claw hammer, knife, and wirecutters. Lifts cloth from cases and deposits it in specified bins preparatory to cutting, inspection, or other processes.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-090 STEVEDORE II (water trans.)

Loads and unloads ships' cargoes: Carries or moves cargo by handtruck to wharf and stacks cargo on pallets or cargo boards to facilitate transfer to and from ship. Stacks cargo in transit shed or in hold of ship as directed by HEADER (water trans.). Attaches and moves slings used to lift cargo. Guides load being lifted to prevent swinging. Shores cargo in ship's hold to prevent shifting during voyage. May be designated according to area in which work is performed as Stevedore, Dock (water trans.); Stevedore, Front (water trans.); Stevedore, Hold (water trans.).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-094 TIMBER PACKER (saw. & plan.)

Loads logs or sawed lumber onto flatcars, trucks, and boats, packing tightly and securing load with stakes, chains, and cables so that load will not shift in transit.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

922.687-098 TIN STACKER (tinware)

Carries punched blanks from scroll shear to punch press, by hand or on handtrucks. Picks up scrap from scroll shear and punch press, using shovel, scrap fork, or by hand, and deposits it in bins or in scrap chute. May weigh scrap tin and record weight in logbook.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

922.687-102 YARD LABORER (paper & pulp)

Moves and stores material and maintains yard and grounds of paper and pulp plant, performing any combination of following tasks: Shovels wood chips, pulpwood, sulfur, and limerock into trucks or onto conveyors. Cleans chips or bark from conveyors; bark, leaves, and twigs from water canal; and burns refuse. Removes driftwood from canal, using hoist. May load waste paper from paper machines into carts. May stack bundles of woodpulp and dump pulp and waste paper into beaters. May dig ditches and install pipelines from railroad tank cars to facilitate unloading of chemicals used in paper manufacture.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

929 PACKAGING AND MATERIALS HANDLING OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with packaging and materials handling.

929.131-010 SUPERVISOR, SALVAGE (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: reclamation supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in salvaging valves, flanges, pipefittings, tubes, and traps, and in sorting, storing, and issuing reclaimed articles. Determines salvageability of defective parts, based on knowledge of availability and cost of replacements. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

929.132-010 SUPERVISOR, REACTOR FUELING (chemical)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving and storing reactor fuel elements, recharging reactor, loading $T3monotubes,$T1 packaging, storing, and shipping irradiated fuel elements in a nuclear reactor plant: Reads production schedules to determine time and sequence of reactor recharging, monotube loading, packaging, and storing activities. Reads exposure-availability (amount of exposure to radiation permitted individual workers) and personnel rosters to compile work schedules. Explains and demonstrates work tasks to new workers and assigns them to experienced workers for further training. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

929.133-010 YARD SUPERVISOR (woodworking)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in unloading, storing, and distributing materials, such as coal, logs, lumber, wastepaper, and sulfur in yard of industrial plant: Confers with plant personnel and plans and allocates use of materials handling equipment, such as conveyors, cranes, tractors, and trucks, according to material to be moved and production requirements. Directs workers engaged in keeping records of materials received and used. Trains new workers. May inspect incoming materials and verify invoices. May inspect machines and equipment and direct workers engaged in maintenance and repair work. May supervise workers engaged in drying lumber in kiln [KILN OPERATOR (woodworking) 563.382-010]. May supervise workers engaged in booming (gathering) and sorting logs in log pond. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

929.137-010 GENERAL-HANDLING SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sorting, stacking, and weighing metal pigs and metal scrap, and in receiving, checking, storing, and distributing raw materials, such as coke, chlorine, and gasoline. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

929.137-014 POLEYARD SUPERVISOR (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, grading, sorting, framing, and storing wooden poles used to support electric power transmission lines: Directs workers engaged in peeling, bucking, boring, and painting poles. Examines poles for conformance to specifications. May direct workers to recondition poles. May prepare requisitions and collect money from sale of poles from yard. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

929.137-018 WAREHOUSE SUPERVISOR (motor trans.) alternate titles: labor-gang supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading, unloading, recording, arranging, routing, and delivery of incoming and outgoing freight in a freight storage warehouse of a motor transportation firm. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to activity as Supervisor, Car-Loading-And-Unloading (motor trans.).
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

929.137-022 WAREHOUSE SUPERVISOR (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, transporting, stacking, order filling, shipping, and maintaining stock records in warehouse. Supervises labeling and casing or packing of materials or products. Trains new workers. May be known by specific area worked as Cooler Supervisor (dairy products). Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

929.137-026 YARD SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, storing, issuing, and shipping equipment, materials, and supplies, such as machinery, lumber, chemicals, fuel oils, scrap iron, and ore concentrate: Weighs railroad cars and trucks containing shipments, and verifies shipments against delivery records. Inspects incoming shipments, notifies freight agent of damages, and compiles claim reports. Informs railroad crews of spotting site for incoming cars. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

929.137-030 YARD SUPERVISOR, BUILDING MATERIALS OR LUMBER (retail trade; wholesale tr.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in loading and unloading materials and in using and maintaining machines and equipment in lumber yard or building materials yard: Coordinates shipments in and out of yard and inspects for specified quantity and quality. Directs workers in loading and unloading materials and in use and care of machines and equipment, such as stackers, carriers, planes, saws, and concrete mixers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

929.137-034 YARD SUPERVISOR, COTTON GIN (agriculture)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving bulk cotton in cotton ginning establishment: Directs workers engaged in unloading bulk cotton and routing it to storage bins or to ginning stands through vacuum conveyor pipes. Maintains records of quantity and location of stored cotton. May assist in repairing equipment, such as conveyor systems, trailers, and storage bins. May sample cotton [COTTON SAMPLER (agriculture; textile)]. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

929.367-010 PRESERVATION INSPECTOR, MARINE EQUIPMENT (government ser.) alternate titles: equipment processer, storage

Directs or participates in preparation of equipment, such as naval guns and other ordnance materiel for mothballing (storage): Inspects materiel for condition to determine feasibility of storage, type of preservative application required, and degree of dismantling necessary. Identifies materiel and parts according to knowledge of equipment function and comparison with catalog specifications to select preservative treatment best suited to each piece of equipment. Ascertains condition to determine need for scraping, washing, brushing, or other treatment preparatory to storage. Directs or assists in moistureproofing of materiel, using preservative agents applied by brushing, spraying, or dipping.
GOE: 05.03.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

929.381-010 CARPET CUTTER (retail trade)

Measures, marks, and cuts carpeting and linoleum, using measuring and marking devices and knife, or cutting machine, to get maximum number of usable pieces from standard sized rolls, following floor dimensions or diagrams. May be designated according to type of floor covering cut as Linoleum Cutter (retail trade).
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

929.382-010 LOAD-TEST MECHANIC (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: proof-load mechanic

Sets up and operates equipment to load-test tooling and material handling apparatus, such as jigs, fixtures, cables, metal and fabric slings, chains, binders, and tie rods: Reads specifications to determine load-test procedures. Positions and secures tooling or apparatus to be tested in holding devices, manually or using crane or forklift. Attaches load-test equipment to test specimen, according to specifications. Adjusts test equipment controls to apply specified weight or pressure to test specimen to determine holding or handling capacity or to determine maximum load at which item fatigues or breaks. Examines tooling and handling apparatus for structural failure or misuse. Records test information. Attaches inspection tags to tooling or apparatus.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

929.583-010 YARD WORKER (agriculture)

Drives tractor to move spots (trailers of cotton) to suction shed, storage building, or other designated areas of cotton gin yard: Loads bales of cotton into trailer and unloads and stores bales. Keeps record of supplies issued from warehouse and delivers supplies to gin workers. May clean gin yard as directed.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

929.587-010 NUT-AND-BOLT ASSEMBLER (nut & bolt) alternate titles: nutter-up

Couples and packages nuts and bolts: Screws nut on bolt by hand and holds nut in chuck of nut-turning machine that spins and tightens nut on bolt. Weighs or counts specified amounts of nuts and bolts, and records number of units on production form. Pushes box or carton along bench or onto conveyor. May tie long bolts into bundles, using wire. May feed nuts and bolts into hopper of machine that automatically couples and packages nuts and bolts.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.663-010 LOGGING-TRACTOR OPERATOR (forestry; logging; saw. & plan.)

Drives straight or articulated tractor equipped with one or more accessories, such as bulldozer blade, grapple, logging arch, cable winches, hoisting rack, and crane boom, to skid, load, unload, or stack logs, pull stumps, or clear brush. Gives or receives signals from coworkers regarding moving logs. May build or repair logging and skid roads. May drive logging tractor equipped with crawler treads. May saw felled trees into lengths [BUCKER (logging) 454.684-010]. May be designated according to accessory equipment operated as Logging-Arch Operator (logging); Logging-Tractor Operator, Swamp (logging); Log-Stacker Operator (logging; saw. & plan.); Skid-Grapple Operator (logging); Skidder Operator (forestry; logging).
GOE: 03.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

929.683-014 TRACTOR OPERATOR (any industry)

Drives gasoline or diesel powered tractor to move materials, draw farm implements, tow trailers, pull out objects embedded in ground, or pull cable of winch to raise, lower, or load heavy material or equipment: Fastens attachments, such as graders, plows, and rollers, to tractor with hitchpins. Releases brake, shifts gears, and depresses accelerator or moves throttle to control forward and backward movement of tractor. Steers tractor by turning steering wheel and depressing brake pedals. May lubricate and repair tractor and attachments. May be designated according to type of power utilized as Diesel-Tractor Operator (any industry); Gasoline-Tractor Operator (any industry); Tractor Operator, Battery (mine & quarry). May operate tractor mounted with wide spread pneumatic or metallic treads to transport materials over marshes or swamps and be designated Marsh-Buggy Operator (construction). May operate tractor equipped with laser leveling equipment to level large fields for farming or industrial purposes and be designated Tractor Operator, Laser Leveling (any industry).
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

929.684-010 PACKER (ordnance)

Packs rocket-motor cases in special containers for shipment: Paints shipping containers, using spray gun. Transports motor cases from curing oven on overhead conveyor and lowers cases into shipping container, using hoist. Removes handling rings or slings from case, using hand or power wrenches. Clamps or bolts cover plates over ends of motor case. Clamps cover on shipping container, using wrenches.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

929.685-010 CRATE OPENER (furniture)

Tends machine that restrains compressed bedsprings to permit uncrating in mattress manufacturing establishment: Moves crates of compressed bedsprings to bed of uncrating machine, using handtruck. Presses button to lower hydraulic press onto compressed bedsprings and cuts shipping wires and bands, using wire cutters. Presses button to raise press, expanding bedsprings from compressed state. Removes shipping wires and bands from bedsprings and moves bedsprings to processing area, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.685-014 TYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods; tex. prod., nec)

Tends tying machine that automatically wraps and ties string around bundles of products, such as cardboard boxes and finished canvas goods: Threads string through machine wrapping arm. Positions specified number of items to be tied on machine table. Depresses pedal that passes wrapping arm around items, ties knot, and cuts off string. May visually inspect products for defects. May keep production records.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.685-018 TYING-MACHINE OPERATOR, LUMBER (woodworking) alternate titles: binder; bundler

Tends machine that wraps and ties bundles of lumber with wire or twine: Places roll of wire or twine on machine spindle and threads through guides to knotter and cutter. Stacks specified number of boards or furniture parts on machine table and clamps pile in place. Starts machine and depresses pedal that actuates machine to wrap and tie wire or twine around pile and cut wire or twine free from roll. Stacks bundled stock on dolly or sets bundles on conveyor belt. May wrap ends of bundle with paper or fabric before tying.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.686-014 BAND SALVAGER (agriculture) alternate titles: band straightener

Salvages tie bands from uncompressed cotton bales for reuse on compressed cotton bales: Straightens bands, using rubber mallet, or feeds bands through powered rollers that flatten and straighten them. Cuts bands to required length for tying compressed bales, using tablemounted cutting device with preset cutting blades. Deposits excess pieces of banding into container for splicing by BAND MAKER (agriculture). May bend end of each band and attach fastening buckle onto bent end.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

929.686-018 CRAYON-SORTING-MACHINE FEEDER (pen & pencil)

Loads crayons and pencils of various colors into hopper of machine, starts machine, and observes operation as machine sorts them into specified quantities for packing. Clears jams in machine. Keeps record of boxes completed.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.686-022 FEED-IN WORKER (grain-feed mills)

Opens damaged sacks of flour and meal and dumps contents into chutes that carry it to feed department for resacking. Cleans sacks, using suction-pipe cleaner. Turns sack inside out and repeats operation. Places cleaned sacks on handtruck and conveys them to supply room.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-010 CUTTER, BANANA ROOM (wholesale tr.)

Cuts hands of bananas from stalks for packing preparatory to shipment. Counts bananas. Determines, according to ripeness, room in which bananas will be stored.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-014 KILN DRAWER (brick & tile) alternate titles: drawer

Removes burned clay products, such as sewer pipe, brick, refractories, and roofing tile, from tunnel kiln cars or periodic kilns, by hand or using hoist: Places pallet on drawing dock and lifts and stacks product on pallet. Examines products for defects, such as cracks, chips, and distortions. Grades and sorts products. Removes and places kiln furniture, such as tie brick, clamp, and holders, in box for reuse. Discards setting rings in waste bin. Cleans used kiln and door brick. May load clay products onto kiln cars prior to firing process. May stock clay products on pallets or place products in carton for shipment.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

929.687-018 LABORER, HIGH-DENSITY PRESS (agriculture) alternate titles: hoist worker

Loads compressed bales of cotton onto handtrucks or tractor-drawn trailers: Secures hooks to bale and lifts bale onto trailer or handtruck, using hoist. May stencil identifying information on bale, using brush and stencil.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-022 LABORER, SALVAGE (any industry) alternate titles: reclaimer; salvager; trash collector; waste collector

Salvages materials in industrial or commercial establishment, performing any combination of duties: Collects reusable items or waste materials, such as lumber, paper, rags, fiber, yarn, rubber, beer and soft drink bottles, chemicals, and scrap metal, in scrap gondolas, barrels, or other containers, using handtruck, industrial truck, or wheelbarrow. Inspects materials and sorts items or materials into piles or places in bins or barrels according to type, size, condition, coloring, marking, or other characteristics. Salvages reusable materials and disposes of waste by pouring into sewer or waste containers, loading onto vehicle, or by burning or baling waste. Moves reusable materials to production department or storage. Separates metal particles from waste, using wire screen or magnet. Attaches labels to waste and salvage containers to identify contents. Weighs materials and containers and keeps records of total amount of waste collected. Dumps waste material, such as broke (waste paper and pulp), into machine tank for reprocessing. Makes minor repairs to scrap containers, such as bumping out dents, using handtools. May be designated according to kind of material salvaged as Broke Handler (paper & pulp); Lumber Salvager (any industry); Metal Sorter (any industry); Rag Sorter (any industry); Sack Sorter (any industry); Scrap Sorter (any industry); or specialized assignment as Scrap Burner (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-026 LINER INSERTER (tobacco)

Pulls plastic liner over carton-shaped or hogshead-shaped form. Lowers form, suspended from ceiling into open containers, using rope and pulley, working as member of two-person team. Overlaps edges of plastic liner over top edge of container and removes form. May insert paper liner into containers.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-030 MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry) alternate titles: distributor; floor worker; line supply; loader and unloader; servicer; stacker; utility worker

Loads, unloads, and moves materials within or near plant, yard, or work site, performing any combination of following duties: Reads work order or follows oral instructions to ascertain materials or containers to be moved. Opens containers, using steel cutters, crowbar, clawhammer, or other handtools. Loads and unloads materials onto or from pallets, trays, racks, and shelves by hand. Loads materials into vehicles and installs strapping, bracing, or padding to prevent shifting or damage in transit, using handtools. Conveys materials to or from storage or work sites to designated area, using handtruck, electric dolly, wheelbarrow, or other device. Secures lifting attachments to materials and conveys load to destination, using hand-operated crane or hoist, or signals crane or hoisting operators to move load to destination [LABORER, HOISTING (any industry) 921.667-022]. Counts, weighs, and records number of units of materials moved or handled on daily production sheet. Attaches identifying tags or labels to materials or marks information on cases, bales, or other containers. Loads truck for INDUSTRIAL-TRUCK OPERATOR (any industry) 921.683-050. Stacks or assembles materials into bundles and bands bundles together, using banding machine and clincher. Clamps sections of portable conveyor together or places conveyor sections on blocks or boxes to facilitate movement of materials or products. Removes samples of materials, labels with identifying information, and takes samples to laboratory for analysis [LABORATORY-SAMPLE CARRIER (any industry) 922.687-054]. Lifts heavy objects by hand or using power hoist, and cleans work area, machines, and equipment, using broom, rags, and cleaning compounds, to assist machine operators. Makes simple adjustments or repairs, such as realigning belts or replacing rollers, using handtools. Assembles crates to contain products, such as machines or vehicles, using handtools and precut lumber. Shovels loose materials, such as sand, gravel, metals, plastics, or chemicals, into machine hoppers or into vehicles and containers, such as wheelbarrows, scrap truck, or barrels. May occasionally operate industrial truck or electric hoist to assist in loading or moving materials and products. May be designated according to material handled as Filling Hauler, Weaving (textile); according to method of conveying materials as Lugger (agriculture); according to machine or equipment loaded or unloaded as Blunger Loader (pottery & porc.); Vehicle Unloader (any industry); or according to work station as Outside Trucker (any industry); Platform Loader (any industry). May be designated: Bale Piler (textile); Batch Trucker (rubber tire); Bobbin Handler (textile); Car Loader (any industry); Cloth Hauler (textile); Coal Passer (any industry); Compress Trucker (agriculture); Hogshead Dumper (tobacco); Kiln Car Unloader (brick & tile); Laborer, Yard (any industry); Loader (any industry) II; Lumber-Yard Worker (woodworking); Merchandise Carrier (any industry); Mold Mover (toy-sport equip.); Oven Stripper (any industry); Oven Unloader (any industry); Packaging-Machine-Supplies Distributor (tobacco); Slab Picker (saw. & plan.); Powder Trucker (chemical; ordnance); Rack Carrier (paper goods); Racker (any industry); Retort Loader (chemical); Roper (agriculture); Roving Stock Handler (textile); Scrap Wheeler (machine shop); Segregator (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Sugar Trucker (grain-feed mills); Tire Trucker (rubber tire); Trucker, Hand (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 89

929.687-034 MUNITIONS HANDLER (ordnance)

Loads, unloads, and stores ammunition and ammunition components in magazines (storage areas): Moves materials between magazines and carries materials by hand, handtrucks, and roller conveyors. Secures cargoes in carriers, using blocks and stays. Cleans magazines and adjacent area. Crates and cases materials for specific orders. Inspects packaging and materials.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-038 RETURNED-CASE INSPECTOR (beverage)

Reconditions and cleans used beer cartons, performing any combination of following tasks: Removes carton from conveyor. Lifts out partitions and discards damaged ones. Dumps out dirt or foreign matter. Places dirty or damaged carton on conveyor or into chute for disposal or repair. Inserts bottom pad and partitions in usable cartons and places carton on conveyor for transfer to box or packaging room. May wash cartons, using sponge and cleaning solution.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-042 ROLL COVERER, BURLAP (textile) alternate titles: burlapper; wrapper-and-bagger, sheeting

Wraps or ties pieces of burlap around rolls of cloth or inserts rolls into burlap bag to protect cloth during shipment. Trims excess twine and burlap, using scissors. May sew burlap [CLOTH-BALE HEADER (textile)].
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-046 SCALER-PACKER (meat products)

Weighs and packs meat cuts and meat byproducts: Weighs hams, butts, ribs, loins, skins, and inedible meat products on scales by truckload, cartons, boxes, or individual cuts. Wraps or packs cuts or carcass parts according to weight, grade, or customer order. May trim cuts. May form boxes, close flaps, or tend strapping (carton closing) machine. May inspect products for quality. May record quantity, type product, and weight for quality control. May stencil shipping information on cartons.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

929.687-050 WRAPPER COUNTER (tobacco)

Counts specified number of tobacco wrapper leaves and ties leaves in bundle. Attaches ticket to bundle showing number of leaves in bundle. Wraps bundle in cellophane to preserve moisture content until tobacco is used in making cigars.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

929.687-054 PALLETIZER (nonfer. metal)

Secures battens (grooved strips of wood) around bundles of packaged metal extrusions to form protective shipping pallets, using $T3strapping tool:$T1 Presses conveyor controls to position packaged extrusions under strapping tool. Measures dimensions of bundles, using ruler, and cuts battens to required size, using power saw. Positions battens, cardboard strips, and metal or plastic strapping around bundles in specified fashion, according to written instructions. Threads strapping through strapping tool and secures battens with strapping, using strapping tool, to form protective pallet around extrusions. Removes palletized bundles from conveyor for further processing, using pneumatic hoist.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

929.687-058 BANDER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: baler; load clerk; packager and strapper

Fastens plastic or metal bands around stacks, bundles, or palletized articles prior to storage or shipment, using $T3strapping tool$T1 and clamps: Counts number of articles to be banded to verify number specified on work order. Unwinds plastic or metal banding material from reel, wraps band around stack or bundle, inserts loose end of banding material into strapping tool, and cinches and crimps banding material and clamp with strapping tool to secure articles during storage or shipment. Counts and records number of banded bundles. May operate hydraulic jack lift or truck to move articles before or after bundling. May cut lumber or other reinforcing material, using handsaw or power saw, and include reinforcing material in bundle or nail lumber together to protect articles during storage or shipment. May stack bundled articles on pallet by hand. May band articles to pallet to secure articles for moving. May mark or stencil size of article, customer's name, order number, address, or other identifying data on visible portion of bundle or shipping ticket with markers, brushes, or paint.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

929.687-062 WEIGHER, PRODUCTION (any industry)

Weighs quantities of materials for use in production processes, using balance, platform, or floor scales: Places loose or packaged material on scales and adds or removes portions of material to obtain specified weight. Reads work order or formula to determine types and quantities of materials to weigh. Records weight of materials used for production records, or maintains perpetual inventory of materials used and on hand. May dump materials in prescribed sequence into chute or hopper or onto conveyor belt. May transfer weighed materials to production or storage areas, using handtruck or power truck. May sort weighed materials into designated bins or containers, according to weight or type. May be designated according to type of scale used or material weighed as Batch Weigher (chemical); Compounder (rubber reclaim.); Feather Grader (tex. prod., nec); Operator, Scales (plastic-synth.); Rubber Compounder (nonfer. metal; plastic-synth.; rubber goods; rubber tire); Shadow-Graph-Weight Operator (toy-sport equip.); Stock Mixer (textile; tex. prod., nec); Weigher-And-Charger (fabrication, nec). May weigh plant products as part of packing process and be designated Weigher, Packing (any industry).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 81

93 OCCUPATIONS IN EXTRACTION OF MINERALS

This division includes occupations concerned with quarrying and with the extraction of minerals, such as coal, ores, crude petroleum, and natural gas. Includes crushing, screening, washing, flotation, and other processes of extracting materials at or near the mining site.

930 EARTH BORING, DRILLING, CUTTING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with drilling wells, undercutting coal seams, sawing and splitting virgin rock, and related activities involved with tapping water- or mineral-bearing formations, obtaining samples of subsurface strata, and loosening or removing materials, using handtools, and hydraulic, electric, or pneumatic power tools, cutting and drilling machines, and other devices. Occupations concerned with construction excavating are found in Groups 850 and 859.

930.130-010 TOOL PUSHER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: superintendent, drilling

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in drilling oil and gas wells in area consisting of one or more wellsites: Directs workers to erect, dismantle, and move drilling rigs, and drilling crews in setting up and operating power units, draw works and other drilling equipment. Plans delivery of drilling tools, fuel, water, and other supplies for use at drill site. Orders type of drilling bits to be used, according to type of strata encountered. Directs workers in mixing drilling mud and circulating mud in borehole, and in use of special drilling mud to prevent blowouts from gas pressure. Orders installation of control head (valve device) to control flow when well begins to produce gas or oil. May supervise operations at producing wells to maintain and regulate flow of gas or oil [SUPERVISOR, PRODUCTION (petrol. & gas)]. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise PROSPECTING DRILLERS (petrol. & gas) drilling shallow boreholes for use in seismic prospecting or to obtain core samples and be designated Tool Pusher, Shallow-Exploratory Drilling (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

930.131-010 FIELD SUPERVISOR, OIL-WELL SERVICES (petrol. & gas)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in setting up, testing, and servicing equipment at oil or gas wells, or boreholes, running instruments in and out of wells, electrical well logging, gun perforating, and temperature surveying. Orders maintenance and repair of equipment, such as cables, vehicles, and test instruments. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

930.134-010 QUARRY SUPERVISOR, DIMENSION STONE (mine & quarry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in quarrying dimension stone: Schedules production or maintenance assignments of workers. Marks area or dimensions of blocks to be removed from stone mass, using chalkline. Fills blast holes with blasting agents and detonator, and notifies workers to evacuate area. Detonates explosive, using blasting machine, to separate block from stone mass [BLASTER (mine & quarry)]. Signals HOISTING ENGINEER (any industry) to lift blocks from pit to stockpile area. Inspects blocks for defects such as cracks or discolorations. Computes dimensions of and marks identifying data on blocks. Fastens dogs into drilled holes in stone to facilitate loading on truck. Compiles production and shipping records. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.167-010 TECHNICAL OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: drilling inspector

Charts pressure, temperature, and other characteristics of oil and gas well boreholes or producing wells, using special subsurface instruments, and interprets findings for use in determining further drilling or producing procedures: Directs workers in assembling wire line hoisting gear and attaching line to instruments. Gives directions to HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) to lower clinograph into well to determine variation of well from vertical (instrument records variation on chart). Informs ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas) of variation from vertical. Lowers weighted wire into well and reads depth of well from recording wheel. Lowers depth bomb into well that records pressure at various depths to determine rate of natural flow of oil from well. Lowers thermometers and other instruments with accompanying recording devices through tubing, casing, drill pipe, or open borehole. Raises instruments from well and removes chart recordings. Measures, converts, records, and interprets data for use by engineering personnel and management in determining drilling or production procedures. May calibrate recording devices. May repair and maintain instruments. May be designated according to specialty as Bottom-Hole-Pressure-Recording Operator (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.03.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.261-010 FISHING-TOOL TECHNICIAN, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well-fishing-tool operator

Analyzes conditions of unserviceable oil or gas wells and directs use of special well-fishing tools and techniques to recover lost equipment and other obstacles from boreholes of wells: Confers with SUPERINTENDENT, DRILLING AND PRODUCTION (petrol. & gas) to gather information regarding size of pipes and tools and borehole conditions in wells. Plans fishing methods and selects tools for removing obstacles, such as liners, broken casing, screens, and drill pipe from wells. Directs drilling crew in applying weights to drill pipes, in using special tools, in applying pressure to circulating fluid (mud), and in drilling around lodged obstacles or specified earth formations, using whipstocks and other special tools. Observes load variations on strain gauge, mudpump, and motor pressure indicators, and listens to sounds of engines and rotary chains to detect signs of faulty operations or unusual conditions in wells. Quotes prices to customer and prepares reports of services rendered, tools used, and time required, to serve as basis for billing customer. May direct drilling crew in installation of well-bottom equipment.
GOE: 05.03.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

930.261-014 FORMATION-TESTING OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well formation tester; testing-tool operator

Analyzes samples of fluids from specified formations in oil well to determine productivity of strata, using special testing equipment: Assembles valve device and automatic pressure recorder on drilling floor, using handtools. Directs ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas) to lower section of drill pipe containing instruments into well to specified depth. Opens valve by surface control to obtain sample of fluids in valve device and to chart pressure of fluid-giving formation. Closes valve and directs ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas) to raise pipe and equipment. Analyzes chemical content of sample and interprets pressure readings to determine presence and quantity of oil, gas, water, or other materials in formation. May send sample of fluids from formation to laboratory for analysis. May perforate boreholes [PERFORATOR OPERATOR, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas)].
GOE: 05.07.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.267-010 OIL-PIPE INSPECTOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: pipe inspector

Inspects steel tubing, casing, drill pipe, and other tubular oil well equipment for defects, using magnetic and optical inspection equipment: Positions scanner (ring-shaped object containing induction coils) around pipe and connects wire to automatic graph recorder. Presses switch to start self-propelled scanner along pipe length and observes lines on graph that indicate location, type, and extent of metal blemishes, cracks, and molecular weakness. Inspects interior of pipe for surface imperfections, using optical instrument. Reports findings to engineering personnel.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.361-010 SERVICE-UNIT OPERATOR, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well-sounding-device operator

Operates equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells, or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells, using specialized subsurface tools and instruments: Directs SAMPLE-TAKER OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) to assemble and connect pipe and hydraulic lines of flushing equipment to wellhead. Starts pumps which circulate water, oil, or other fluid through well, removing sand and other materials obstructing free flow of oil. Perforates well casing or sidewall of borehole with explosive charge [PERFORATOR OPERATOR, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas)]. Assembles and lowers detection instruments into wells having drill pipe, drilling tools, or other obstructions wedged in well. Interprets instrument readings to ascertain depth of obstruction. Directs lowering of specialized equipment to point of obstruction and pushes switches or pulls levers to back-off pipe by chemical or explosive action, or to sever pipe at point of obstruction, permitting recovery of pipestring and resumption of drilling operations. Assembles and operates sound wave generating and detecting mechanisms for determining fluid level in wells. May operate hoist to lower and raise tools [HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)].
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

930.363-010 CLEAN-OUT DRILLER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: well cleaner

Operates truck-mounted hoist equipped with derrick to clean out and restore old and damaged oil or gas wells: Moves lever to raise derrick over wellhead. Directs CLEAN-OUT-DRILLER HELPER (petrol. & gas) to jack up truck body and to center hoisting cable over borehole. Assembles and attaches cleanout tools to cable, using handtools. Moves winch lever to lower tools into well. Cleans sand, paraffin, or pipe scale from well, using special scaling and bailing tools. Removes debris from well, using bailer. Lowers blocks composed of soft lead or covered with wax, tar, or soap to take impression of broken equipment in well. Lowers grappling tools into well to probe for and remove obstruction, using hoist. Lowers and raises swabbing tool that creates vacuum and draws well fluids through pipe screens and well perforations, using hoist. May be designated according to specific activity as Bailer (petrol. & gas); Swabber (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.364-010 OIL-PIPE-INSPECTOR HELPER (petrol. & gas)

Inspects tubular metal equipment as assistant to OIL-PIPE INSPECTOR (petrol. & gas) by performing any combination of following tasks: Inspects interior and exterior of tubing, casing, drill pipe, and other tubular metal equipment used in drilling and producing oil or gas wells to detect incrustations, cracks, or other defects, using mechanical and electronic instruments. Interconnects electric conductor cables to instruments, control panels, and generator sets, using wrenches and screwdrivers. Rolls and segregates pipe on rack for inspection. Inserts magnetic poles (shooting prods) into ends of pipe and sprinkles magnetic powder on magnetized pipe to reveal exterior defects. Observes surface of pipe and paints colored bands on pipe to indicate nature and location of defect. Inserts tubular instrument through interior of pipe. Clamps self-propelled electronic instrument to pipe, observes instrument moving lengthwise on pipe, and marks location and nature of defect on pipe. Cleans and repairs equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.382-010 DRILLER, MACHINE (construction; mine & quarry) alternate titles: driller operator

Sets up and operates self-propelled or truck-mounted drilling machine to bore blasting holes in overburden at strip mine, open pit, quarry, or construction site: Positions and stabilizes machine, using jacks, and lowers drill shaft into position. Moves levers to start and advance drill into overburden, ore, or rock formation. Stops drill to install additional drill stems. Observes operation to detect binding or stoppage of drill. Removes drill when specified depth has been reached. Replaces broken or worn parts, using handtools, and lubricates equipment. May charge and set off explosives in blasting holes. May be assisted by DRILLER HELPER (construction; mine & quarry). May be designated according to type of drill operated as Tractor-Drill Operator (construction; mine & quarry); Rotary-Drill Operator (construction; mine & quarry); Wagon-Drill Operator (construction; mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.382-014 PIPE TESTER (petrol. & gas)

Operates hydraulic pump and auxiliary equipment to test oil well tubing or casing for high-pressure leaks: Attaches wire line pulley to crown block of rig, and hydraulic hose to testing tool, pump, and source of water, using wrenches. Lowers testing tool and high-pressure packing device into pipe to seal it and retain water in specified section, using winch. Moves lever on hydraulic pump to fill section with water under specified pressure and observes gauge to detect leaks [HYDRO-PNEUMATIC TESTER (any industry)].
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.382-018 PROSPECTING DRILLER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: core driller; driller; rotary driller, prospecting; shot-hole driller

Operates portable rotary drilling rig to drill shallow boreholes to obtain samples of earth formations, for placement of explosives in seismic prospecting, or for other tests to discover petroleum: Positions truck-mounted derrick at drilling area specified on field map. Starts rig and moves throttles and clutches to raise and lower drilling pipes. Counts sections of drill rod to determine depth of borehole. Selects coring bit and barrel. Withdraws core barrel from hole and extracts core from barrel. Records depths at which samples were taken. Repairs equipment, using handtools.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.382-022 ROTARY DERRICK OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

Rigs derrick equipment and operates pumps to circulate mud through drill hole: Sets and bolts crown block to posts at top of derrick. Strings cables through pulleys and blocks. Clamps holding fixture on end of hoisting cable. Weighs clay, and mixes drilling mud, using portable power mixer. Starts pumps that circulate mud through drill pipe and borehole to cool drill bit and flush out drill-cuttings. Cleans and oils pulleys, blocks, and cables. May repair pumps [PUMP SERVICER (any industry)].
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.382-026 ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: core driller; driller; well driller

Operates gasoline, diesel, electric, or steam draw works to drill oil or gas wells: Observes pressure gauge and moves throttles and levers to control speed of rotary table which rotates string of tools in borehole, and to regulate pressure of tools at bottom of borehole. Connects sections of drill pipe, using handtools and powered wrenches and tongs. Selects and changes drill bits according to nature of strata, using handtools. Pushes levers and brake pedals to control draw works which lowers and raises drill pipe and casing into and out of well. Examines operation of slush pumps to ensure circulation and consistency of mud (drilling fluid) in well. Examines drillings or core samples from bottom of well to determine nature of strata. Fishes for and recovers lost or broken bits, casing and drill pipes from well, using special tools attached to end of drill pipe or cable. Keeps record of footage drilled, location and nature of strata penetrated, and materials used. Caps well or turns valves to regulate outflow of oil from well. Repairs or replaces defective parts of machinery, using handtools. May lower and explode charge in borehole to start flow of oil from well. May specialize in drilling underwater wells from barge-mounted derricks or drilling platforms and be designated Rotary Driller, Marine Operations (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.382-030 WELL PULLER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: casing puller; pipe puller; pulling-machine operator; rig operator; tube puller; work-over rig operator

Controls power hoisting equipment to pull casing, tubing, and pumping rods from oil and gas wells for repair and to lower repaired equipment, testing devices, and servicing tools into well: Attaches cable clamp to top of pump rod or casing and starts winch or hydraulic jack that raises rod or casing. Disconnects sections of rod or casing, using hand and power wrenches and tongs. Runs packer (plug device) into well to control flow of oil, water, or gas during well-pulling operations. Lowers swabber into well to clear mud from screens at bottom of well and to establish flow of oil. Lowers pressure-recording device into well and interprets charts. Lowers special tools into well to fish for broken rods and tubing and to scrape paraffin and incrustations from casing or tubing. Plugs well with cement [CEMENTER, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas)]. Tests pipe for leaks, using hydraulic-testing equipment. May drive truck equipped with portable hoisting equipment. May be designated according to type of equipment used as Hydraulic Oil-Tool Operator (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.383-010 CHANNELING-MACHINE RUNNER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: channeling-machine operator

Operates track-mounted steam or electrically powered machine to cut channels in quarry stone to facilitate separating stone blocks from mass: Lays track for machine along line at which stone is to be split. Moves levers to start machine moving across face of stone, and to control vertical reciprocating drills which cut shallow channel by shattering action applied to surface of stone. Lubricates machine and replaces dulled bits and worn or damaged parts. May operate portable channeling equipment.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.482-010 DRILLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: horizontal-drill operator

Operates mobile drilling machine to drill blastholes horizontally in underground mine or in face of strip mine: Drives machine into room where coal, salt, or ore has been undercut. Measures undercuttings with steel rod to determine depth of undercut and location of holes to be drilled. Marks hole locations and boundaries of cut on ribs and face, using chalk. Moves controls to position drill. Starts drill and advances it into rib or face to specified depth. Repositions machine to drill additional holes in specified pattern. Observes electric power cable when moving machine to avoid damage to cable. May drill blastholes in roof to prepare for blasting.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.662-010 LONG-WALL SHEAR OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Operates equipment to shear coal from long-wall face in mine: Moves levers to control movement of equipment and to adjust speed and height of cut into coal face during initial pass and during subsequent clean-up passes. Signals other crewmembers to communicate need to adjust speed of equipment to rate of installation of roof supports and to adjust speed of conveyor to volume of coal needing removal. Listens for unusual sounds that indicate equipment malfunctions. Assists in routine lubrication and maintenance of equipment.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

930.663-010 SHALE PLANER OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Operates track-mounted machine to cut shale from wall face of pit and tends continuous conveyor system used for loading shale in dinkey car or dump truck: Guides and assists crew in resetting planer rails, supports, and blocking from back to front of planer, using jacks, shovel, sledgehammer and pinch bar. Drives machine over rails to pit face. Moves planer levers to control depth of cut and to rotate swivel cutting boom as shale is depleted from area. Presses button to activate conveyor belt and pushes or pulls chain handles to regulate conveyor movement. Lubricates and maintains machine, using handtools, replacement parts, and grease gun.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.664-010 CASER (petrol. & gas)

Performs any combination of following tasks as member of casing crew: Removes thread protectors from casing sections, using pipe wrenches. Attaches pull-in cable to section of casing and signals crewmember to hoist casing onto derrick platform. Attaches cable clamp on casing. Signals rig operator to hoist casing. Pushes or pulls suspended casing to position and align casing section for coupling. Tightens threaded casing sections, using spin rope or spin chain and casing tongs. Removes handslips (curved metal wedges) from casing section to enable rig operator to lower string of coupled casing into borehole. Places handslips around casing at wellhead (after rig operator lowers casing string into borehole to position casing for further coupling) to prevent string of casing from falling into borehole during change or addition of casing sections. Pushes or pulls suspended casing sections while on casing board on derrick tower to assist crewmembers on derrick floor in stabbing (aligning) casing sections.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.664-014 CLEAN-OUT-DRILLER HELPER (petrol. & gas)

Cleans out and restores old or damaged gas or oil wells, using handtools, as assistant to CLEAN-OUT DRILLER (petrol. & gas): Unloads cleanout tools and equipment at well site. Levels truck bed at wellhead and aligns hoist cable over borehole, using hand-operated jacks. Assembles and attaches specified cleanout tools, such as bailers and swabs, to cable, using wrenches. Guides tools into borehole. Pushes filled bailer to dumping position and unscrews bailer gate to dump mud, water, and debris removed from well. Guides cable lifting tools from well onto hoist drum, using pinchbar. Dismantles and cleans tools and equipment, using wrenches. Oils and greases machinery. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.665-010 LONG-WALL-MINING-MACHINE TENDER (mine & quarry)

Tends equipment that plows across face of coal strata in underground or strip mine: Monitors electronic control panel which activates machine. Observes indicator lights and gauges on control panel to detect machine malfunction. Advances plow blade through coal strata by remote control on electronic or radio signal from TAILER (mine & quarry). Listens for unusual sounds that would indicate equipment malfunctions. May assist in routine maintenance or repair of machinery.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.666-010 DRILLER HELPER (construction; mine & quarry)

Bores or burn blasts holes in overburden at strip mine, open pit, quarry, or construction site, as assistant to DRILLER, MACHINE (construction; mine & quarry): Signals DRILLER, MACHINE (construction; mine & quarry) to position machine. Adds, positions, and replaces drill stems, burners, casings, cables, and hoses to assist in drilling operation. Pulls electric cables and water hoses clear of machine treads. Observes ground surface and machine operation for indications of unsafe conditions. Collects ore samples for laboratory analysis. Lubricates and cleans equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

930.666-014 TAILER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: long-wall-mining-machine helper

Works at opposite end of coal strata assisting LONG-WALL-MINING-MACHINE TENDER (mine & quarry) to advance plow blade through face of coal in underground or surface mine: Pulls levers to adjust depth of penetration of blade. Signals LONG-WALL-MINING-MACHINE TENDER (mine & quarry) by electronic buzzer or two-way radio when machine plow blade is properly positioned. Adjusts and makes minor repairs to equipment, using handtools. May assist in positioning jacks, timbers, or roof supports to prevent cave-ins when working underground.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.667-010 SHALE PLANER OPERATOR HELPER (mine & quarry)

Cuts and moves shale from open pit, performing any combination of following laboring tasks to assist SHALE PLANER OPERATOR (mine & quarry): Shovels loose shale from travel area of planer. Signals truck driver to position vehicle for receiving shale from planer hopper. Monitors movement of shale along conveyor leading from hopper to truck or railcar. Frees jams in planer hopper, using metal pinch bar. Assists in laying tracks and bed supports for planer, using pick, shovel, sledgehammer, and other handtools.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

930.682-010 CORE-DRILL OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: shot-core-drill operator; test borer; test-hole driller; wash driller

Sets up and operates drilling equipment to obtain solid core samples of strata for analyzing geological characteristics of ground, nature of ore, or strength of foundation material: Drives or guides truck-mounted drilling equipment onto metal or wood foundation, or assembles equipment in position. Connects power lines to equipment. Attaches diamond churn, alloy, or percussion bit to drill rod, and fastens rod in machine, using wrench or other handtools. Starts power unit. Moves clutch and throttle to control rotation and feed of drill bit into ground. Couples additional lengths of drill rod as bit advances. Withdraws drill rod from hole after specified depth has been reached and extracts core from hollow barrel located behind drilling bit. Records depths from which core samples are taken. Lubricates machine, using grease gun, and replaces parts, such as worn winch cables. May replace diamonds in bit as they become worn, chipped, or lost, where diamond drill is used [DIAMOND MOUNTER (machine tools)]. May operate water pump to pump water down borehole to cool drill bit. May be designated according to type of drill used as Diamond Driller (any industry).
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.683-010 CONTINUOUS-MINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Operates self-propelled continuous mining machine to mine coal in underground mine: Drives machine into position at working face. Moves levers to sump (advance) ripper bar or boring head into face of coal seam. Starts machine to gather coal and convey it to floor or shuttle car. May repair, oil, and adjust machine and change cutting teeth, using wrench. May move lever to raise and lower hydraulic safety bar that supports roof above machine until ROOF BOLTERS (mine & quarry) or TIMBER FRAMER (mine & quarry) complete their work.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

930.683-014 CUTTER OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: coal-cutting-machine operator; cutting-machine operator; undercutter

Operates self-propelled machine to saw channel along working face of coal, salt, or other nonmetal mine to facilitate blasting: Drives unit into working area on tracks or crawler treads. Starts endless chain equipped with teeth that travel around edge of cutter bar and cut into working face. Moves levers to advance cutter bar into face and across bottom or down side of face to complete horizontal or vertical cut. May adjust and repair machine and replace dull teeth, using wrench and pry bar. May shovel debris from channel to facilitate blasting. May cut entries between rooms and haulageways and be designated Entry-Driver Operator (mine & quarry). May cut slots along working face of salt mine deposits and be designated Side-Shearing-Machine Operator (chemical).
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

930.683-018 DERRICK WORKER, WELL SERVICE (petrol. & gas)

Operates power hoist in truck-mounted, pulling-machine derrick to transfer rod sections to and from derrick racks to rod lifting clamps as sections are removed or returned to oil well: Climbs ladder attached to side of derrick to rod platform. Presses rod hoist control pedal on rod platform to lower $T3rod transfer device$T1 (rod bottle) to proximity of rod sections suspended in derrick. Attaches transfer device to rod sections and releases pedal to raise rod sections for disconnection of rod lifting clamp (rod elevator). Unlatches lifting clamp and presses pedal to lower rod sections while manually guiding sections into rod holding slots attached to derrick. Descends derrick ladder to tubing platform and fastens safety belt to prepare to transfer tubing sections. Disconnects lifting clamp (tubing elevators) from tubing sections that have been raised into derrick, disconnected from subsequent sections in wellhole, and lowered onto $T3ground racking board.$T1 Guides tubing sections into slots of tubing rack to stand sections in derrick. Guides tubing sections from tubing rack slots to tubing platform and attaches lifting clamp to sections after defective tubing is replaced, casing repaired, or other oil well service performed. Aligns tubing sections perpendicularly over wellhole to assist in connection of tubing sections and prevent damage to threads of sections. Unfastens safety belt and climbs ladder to rod platform to prepare to transfer rod sections. Presses rod control pedal to lower rod transfer device to rods in holding slots. Attaches device to rod sections and releases pedal to lift rod sections from holding slots. Guides sections over wellhole and presses pedal to lower sections to wellhole for connection to rods in wellhole. Connects lifting clamp to rod sections and disconnects transfer device. Periodically turns adjustment screw on rod hoist control stand to regulate power of hoist. Occasionally operates pump to circulate fluid or mud into wellhole. Occasionally connects oil well head attachments, loads tools, and performs similar duties.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.683-022 HARVESTER OPERATOR (chemical)

Drives and controls specially equipped tractor to harvest salt from granulator beds: Drives machine to designated bed. Positions discharge spout over gondola car, and depresses clutch to engage harvester. Moves handles to lower scraper equipped with revolving fingers that break up salt and load it onto conveyor for transfer to discharge spout. Moves levers and throttle to control speed of tractor to harvest maximum quantity of salt according to thickness of salt in bed.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.683-026 ROOF BOLTER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: bolting-machine operator; raise driller

Operates self-propelled machine to install roof-support bolts in underground mine: Positions safety jack to support roof until bolts can be installed. Drives machine into position, inserts bit in drill chuck, and starts drill. Moves lever to advance bit into roof at specified distance from rib or adjacent bolt. Removes bit from chuck and replaces with bolt. Starts hydraulic action which forces bolt into hole. Starts rotation of chuck to turn bolt and open expansion head to exert pressure upon rock formation. Tests bolt for specified tension, using torque wrench. May install truss bolts traversing entire ceiling span and tighten ends of anchored truss bolts, using turnbuckle.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.684-010 FLAME CHANNELER (construction; mine & quarry) alternate titles: jet channeler; jet-piercer operator

Cuts holes or channels in rock masses to separate block from quarry mass, using jet-piercing torch: Ignites oxygen-kerosene burner and connects water hoses. Positions boom and lowers jet burner to burn or cut hole or channel in rock formation. Adjusts valves and controls to regulate descent or progress of burner as specified. Repairs and replaces parts, using handtools. Keeps production records. May install casing to prevent cave-ins. May use acetylene torch to ignite burner. May lay out pattern for hole or channels to be cut.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.684-014 FLOOR WORKER, WELL SERVICE (petrol. & gas)

Rigs well service pulling machine on oil well and assembles and disassembles rod and tubing sections, using hand wrenches or power tongs: Pulls lever or turns handle to extend hydraulic or screw-type jacks to support and level pulling machine and derrick. Fastens derrick guy lines to ground-anchors to stabilize derrick. Unloads handtools and power tools from truck and attaches power tools to cables hanging from derrick. Connects pulling machine hydraulic hoses to rod and tubing tongs and other power tools. Unscrews connections on wellhead, using handtools and removes pumping unit head. Attaches lifting clamp (rod elevator) to rod sections in wellhole and places lifting clamp on hook of hoist line. Disconnects rod sections as they are removed from wellhole, using hand wrenches or power tongs. Disconnects and removes hook from hoist line after rod sections have been removed from wellhole and attaches tubing lifting clamp (tubing elevator). Attaches lifting clamps to tubing in wellhole. Disconnects tubing sections as they are removed from wellhole, using hand wrenches or power tongs. Guides uncoupled tubing sections from wellhole to racking board to stand pipe in derrick or guides end of tubing section to ground rack and pushes section to slide it down rack and lay it on ground. Guides tubing and rod sections from derrick or ground rack to wellhole and connects to sections in wellhole, using hand wrenches or power tongs, after repairing oil well pump, replacing defective tubing, or performing similar oil well service. Detaches lifting clamps from sections lowered into wellhole. Assembles and tightens wellhead connections, using hand wrenches and replaces pumping unit head. Disconnects hydraulic hoses and cables from power tools and loads on truck. Unfastens derrick guy lines from ground-anchors and pushes lever or turns handle to contract hydraulic or screw-type jacks. Performs minor maintenance on tools and equipment, such as changing dies in tongs and hand wrenches and changing worn hydraulic hoses on power equipment. Washes tools, equipment, and pulling machine with diesel fuel or other cleaning solution. Shovels dirt around well location to cover spilled oil and cleans oil from wellhead connections.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.684-018 JACKHAMMER OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: air-drill operator; air-hammer operator; plug-drill operator

Drills holes in ore or rock in mine or quarry to facilitate blasting and quarrying, using jackhammer: Connects steam or compressed-air and water lines to hammer. Inserts drill in chuck, trips trigger to start hammer, and leans on hammer to force drill into solid mass. Changes drill or adds lengths as depth of hole increases. Replaces or sharpens bits. Lubricates hammer. May lay steam, compressed-air, or water pipelines. May be designated according to type of drill operated as Tripod-Drill Operator (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

930.684-022 QUARRY PLUG-AND-FEATHER DRILLER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: rock splitter

Separates blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass, using jackhammer, wedges, and feathers (shims): Marks desired dimensions on stone, using rule and chalkline, and cuts groove along outline, using chisel. Drills holes along outline with jackhammer [JACKHAMMER OPERATOR (mine & quarry)]. Inserts wedges and feathers into holes and drives wedges with sledgehammer to split stone from mass. May set charge of explosives to split rock [BLASTER (mine & quarry)]. May drill holes into side of stone broken from mass, insert dogs or attach sling, and direct movement of stone from area. May be designated according to type of stone separated as Sandstone Splitter (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.684-026 ROTARY-DRILLER HELPER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: driller helper; rotary helper; roughneck

Assists ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas) in operating machinery to drill oil or gas wells, using handtools and power tongs and wrenches: Assembles and disassembles casings and pipe sections, using hand and power wrenches and tongs. Sets curved metal wedges around pipe string at wellhead to prevent string from falling into well during change or addition of pipe sections. Tightens or loosens threaded joints between sections, using tongs or chain wrenches. Guides lower end of pipe sections to or from well opening. Loosens or tightens joints, using cathead (winch). Mixes drilling mud (clay and sand slush), using power agitators. Reads gauge to ascertain pressure on drilling tools at bottom of well and reports irregularities to ROTARY DRILLER (petrol. & gas). Repairs drilling machinery, slush pumps, and derricks. Digs drainage ditches, racks tools, and cleans drilling floor around rig. May assist in erecting and dismantling rigs. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May be known according to specific duty performed as Back-Up Worker (petrol. & gas); Cathead Worker (petrol. & gas); Lead-Tong Worker (petrol. & gas); Pipe Racker (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.685-010 MUD-PLANT OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

Tends machine that mixes mud for use in drilling oil and gas wells: Weighs sand, clay, and other dry materials on scale and dumps materials into hopper of mixing machine. Turns water valve and opens hopper gate to admit specified quantity of water and dry mix into mixing chamber of machine. Tests mud sample for viscosity, using viscometer. Starts pumps that force mud to drilling wells. Lubricates, adjusts, and repairs machinery, using handtools and grease gun. Replaces defective parts of mud pumps and hoisting equipment, using handtools and following repair orders.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

930.687-010 BOTTOM-HOLE-PRESSURE-RECORDING-OPERATOR HELPER (petrol. & gas)

Unloads recording equipment at well site for use in determining pressure in oil or gas wells: Attaches conductor cable to instrument and tightens clamps, fittings, and electrical connections, using wrenches and screwdrivers. Observes coiling of conductor cable on hoist drum to prevent damage to cable. Dismantles equipment after use. May drive truck to and from well site when working as member of crew.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

930.687-014 CORE-DRILL-OPERATOR HELPER (any industry) alternate titles: drill-runner helper; shot-core-drill-operator helper; test-bore helper; wash-driller helper

Assists CORE-DRILL OPERATOR (any industry) in setting up and operating drilling equipment to obtain core samples used in determining geological character of ground, nature of ore, or strength of foundation material: Labels samples of strata indicating area and depth from which sample was obtained. Lubricates machines and assists in making repairs to machine and equipment, such as replacing worn winch cables, or adjusting drill stems, engines, and pumps. May be designated according to type of drill used as Diamond-Driller Helper (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

930.687-018 CUTTER-OPERATOR HELPER (mine & quarry)

Undercuts coal, salt, or nonmetallic ore in underground mine to assist CUTTER OPERATOR (mine & quarry): Shovels loose material to clear working area for machine. Observes movement of machine to prevent damage to electric power cable. Braces machine from rear, using pole or bar as lever, to prevent sideways sliding of machine due to pressure on cutter bar. Lubricates cutter bar and performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

931 BLASTING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with preparation, placement, and detonation of explosives to shatter, dislodge, or move earth, coal, ore-bearing material, and stone in open pit or underground mines and quarries. Occupations concerned with blasting for construction purposes are found in Group 859.

931.261-010 BLASTER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: dynamiter; firer; shooter; shot firer; shot lighter

Determines strength and pattern of blast required and charges and detonates explosives in surface or underground mine, pit, or quarry to fracture or separate stone or minerals from solid formations: Studies formation to determine amount, type, and location of explosive charge required. Marks pattern of drill holes or issues drilling instructions for depth and placement of blast holes. Inserts, packs, or pours explosives, such as dynamite, ammonium nitrate, black powder, or slurries into blast holes and compacts charge, using tamping rod. Positions assembled primer and blasting cap in hole at depth that will cause most effective explosion. Connects electric wire to primer and covers charge or fills blast hole with clay, drill chips, sand, or other material. Tamps material to secure charge and prevent force of blast from escaping through blast hole. Inspects blasting area to ensure that safety laws are observed and signals workers to clear area. Connects wires to electrical firing device and pushes plunger, turns dial, or presses buttons to set off single or multiple blasts. May compile record of blasts. May keep inventory of blasting agents on hand. May transport blasting agents to blasting area, using light truck [EXPLOSIVES-TRUCK DRIVER (ordnance)].
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

931.361-010 SAMPLE-TAKER OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well-electrical-wall-sampling-device operator

Obtains sample of earth formations in sidewalls of oil well boreholes, using electrically exploding device: Loads explosives into gun chambers of tubular firing device. Connects gun chambers to electric detonating cable, using handtools. Signals HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) to lower sample-taking gun into well. Observes wire line measuring device, weight indicator, and instrument panel of control equipment in truck to position sample-taking gun at specified point in well. Moves controls to set off electrical igniters that fire cylinders into sidewall of rock formation to obtain sample of earth. Signals HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) to raise equipment and sample from well. May be required to have license for handling explosives. May operate hoist to lower and raise tools and equipment from well.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

931.361-014 SHOOTER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: oil-well shooter; torpedo shooter; well shooter

Detonates torpedoes in bored oil wells to start or renew flow of oil in wells: Connects torpedo and electric cable terminals, using wrench. Signals HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) to lower torpedo into well. Presses switch or drops go-devil (detonating device) down well to detonate charge. May load torpedoes with explosives. May be required to have license for handling explosives.
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

931.361-018 SHOOTER, SEISMOGRAPH (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: shot-hole shooter

Detonates dynamite or other explosive charges in shallow boreholes to set up seismic waves that are recorded by seismic instruments and interpreted to reveal subsurface rock formations likely to contain petroleum deposits: Lowers explosives into borehole and pushes switch to detonate charge [SHOOTER (petrol. & gas)]. Moves, stores, and maintains inventories of high explosives. Repairs and services electric wiring and other shooting equipment and automotive equipment. Sets up shortwave radio or field telephone equipment to transmit and receive shooting information. May drive truck to transport explosives and shooting equipment. May admit water into borehole to serve as tamping for explosive charge. May be required to be licensed by federal government to handle explosives.
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

931.382-010 PERFORATOR OPERATOR, OIL WELL (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: gun perforator; oil-well gun-perforator operator

Operates truck-mounted hoisting equipment and electrical control panel to position and explode charges in oil or gas wells to pierce drill pipes, casings, tubings, and fracture earth formations: Assembles tools and equipment at well site, using handtools. Lowers perforating gun into well, using hoist. Observes odometer, weight indicator, and instrument panel in truck, and positions gun at predetermined point in well. Moves controls at panelboard to detonate charge in gun which propels bullets through wall of bore to pierce or fracture oil- or gas-bearing formations, or to ignite chemical charge which burns fissures in rock formations for passage of oil or processing fluid, such as mud or cement. Observes instrument on control panel to verify detonation of charge in gun. Repairs electrical instruments, using electrician's handtools. Loads perforating guns at well site for special shots.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

931.384-010 GUN-PERFORATOR LOADER (petrol. & gas)

Loads explosive powder or chemicals into gun perforators and carriers used in shooting or burning holes through tubing, casings, and earth formations: Assembles perforators, using special handtools. Cleans, gauges, and lubricates gun ports distributed along barrel. Removes gun port, using special wrench. Inserts waterproof sealer and bullet into gun port. Places specified powder charge in powder chamber and screws gun port in place. Screws igniting charge (booster) in place on gun barrel and connects lead wire to cable connection with screwdriver. Inserts special fuse (prima-cord) into carrier of jet perforators. Threads jet-shaped charge on fuse and inserts it into carrier and through port, using special tongs. Inserts specified powder charge in chamber of sidewall sample-taking cylinder and assembles cylinders, using special wrenches. Packs cylinders into boxes for field loading into core barrels. Stores loaded guns, explosives, and related materials in storeroom according to established safety procedures. Maintains inventory records and orders new supplies. May keep gun and explosive records in compliance with local and federal laws.
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

931.664-010 TIER-AND-DETONATOR (mine & quarry)

Wires and detonates explosives in specified sequence to blast overburden in open pit copper mine: Lays main line of $T3primacord$T1 between rows of charged blastholes and ties cord into main line to form blast pattern. Ties specified lengths of delaying fuses into pattern to time sequence of explosions. Connects blasting cap and flips switch on electronic blasting device to detonate charge upon signal from SUPERVISOR, BLASTING (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

931.667-010 POWDER LOADER (mine & quarry)

Loads explosives into blastholes to prepare for blasting overburden in open pit copper mine, working as member of crew: Measures depth of blasthole, using weighted tape measure, and consults SUPERVISOR, BLASTING (mine & quarry) to determine amount of explosives needed. Cuts specified lengths of $T3primacord$T1 and attaches primer to end of cord. Lowers cord into hole and ties upper end to stake. Signals EXPLOSIVES-TRUCK DRIVER (ordnance) to drive truck into position near blasthole. Positions hopper funnel over hole and admits specified amount of explosives. Shovels drill cuttings to fill and tamp hole. Places safety cones around blast area to alert other workers.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

931.684-010 DUMPER-BAILER OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

Dumps sand and cement over shot of nitroglycerine in oil or gas wells to provide tamp and bridge (protective shielding) over area to be shot, using special bailer and hoist: Determines amount and consistency of tamping materials and cement according to size, depth, and similar characteristics of borehole. Selects tools, such as packers for use in borehole. Assembles and attaches tools and bailer to hoist line. Loads sand or other tamping materials into bailer and lowers bailer and tamping tools into borehole, using hoist. Mixes cement to specified consistency, using portable mixer. Loads cement in bailer, using bucket. Lowers and dumps cement in borehole, using hoist. Cleans and repairs equipment.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

932 LOADING AND CONVEYING OPERATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with moving workers, equipment, and extracted materials, using motor cars, chutes, hoists, elevators, conveyors, shovels, picks, and other devices.

932.132-010 BANK BOSS (mine & quarry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers operating machinery, such as front-end loaders, bulldozers, and conveyors used in loading bank coal into trucks and railroad cars. Assists workers with faulty equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

932.132-014 SURFACE SUPERVISOR (mine & quarry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating equipment to move personnel, machinery, and supplies to various levels of underground mine: Consults with supervisory personnel to establish daily work schedule. Coordinates use of hoisting devices to raise or lower equipment that transports personnel, machinery, and supplies to and from various mine levels. Directs workers who load and unload materials from trucks or railroad cars. Inspects equipment to detect malfunctions and schedules repairs as needed. Conducts safety meetings and resolves grievances.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

932.167-010 DISPATCHER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: car distributor; haulage boss; motor boss; passing boss; turn keeper

Coordinates movements of haulage trips (trains) in underground mine to or from working force or dump area: Schedules movements of trains hauling coal, ore, refuse, personnel, or supplies in accordance with capacity of system, interval between trains, and length and direction of trains. Directs movements of special vehicles, such as emergency and repair railcars, to minimize interference with scheduled operations, using telephone, radio, or track signals. Reroutes trains in event of emergency, such as power failure, explosion, fire, or accident. Investigates cause of train delays, using telephone, and reschedules subsequent operations. Transmits reports of accidents or system malfunctions to repair crew and SAFETY ENGINEER (profess. & kin.). Keeps records of train movements, or monitors movements on lighted panelboard showing location of each train in system. May move controls to throw track switches and regulate movement of trains.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

932.363-010 HOIST OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: winch operator

Operates truck-mounted hoist to lower and raise instruments and tools into and out of oil or gas wells on electric conductor cable, used to perform well services and surveys, such as directional drilling, electric well logging, perforating, sidewall sample taking, and free-point shooting: Signals and assists other workers in loading and unloading truck; assembling and connecting instruments and tools to conductor cable, using wrenches and special handtools; and in attaching cable pulley to hoist block of drilling rig or to special pulley-mount placed in position over borehole (rigging up). Operates hoist to lower and raise instruments and tools in well [HOISTING ENGINEER (any industry)], observing signals of engineering personnel. Loads log recorder with film to prepare for logging of oil or gas well boreholes. Observes indicator to verify depth of instruments in borehole. Drives truck to and from well site when working as member of crew. Repairs and maintains truck and other mobile equipment. May repair cables and hoisting equipment. May load explosive charges in such tools as gun or jet perforators.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

932.664-010 BRAKE HOLDER (any industry) alternate titles: car rider; coupler; dukey rider; gang rider; nipper; patcher; rope rider; set rider; swamper; tail-end rider; trailer; train conductor; trip rider; tub rider

Throws switches and couples, or attaches to cable, cars being hauled by locomotive or hoisted by cable or chain in mines, quarries, or industrial plants: Uncouples loaded cars at their destination or uncouples and distributes empty cars to sidings or to loading areas. Moves switches to route cars and signals DINKEY OPERATOR (any industry) to start or stop cars. May open and close ventilation doors in mines. May open or close chute gates to load or unload cars. May crush oversize rock or ore on grizzly to prevent clogging, using sledgehammer. May remove and tag ore samples for laboratory analysis. May be designated according to type of hauling machine as Dinkey-Operator Helper (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

932.664-014 SPOUT TENDER I (chemical)

Pulls cable to regulate flow of salt from harvesting machine into gondola cars: Observes position of gondola passing loading spout and pulls cable to position deflector plate for loading salt into gondola. Pulls cable to reverse plate position and change salt flow to next spout to complete loading of car. Signals HARVESTER OPERATOR (chemical) to stop conveyor when cars are filled.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

932.667-010 BOTTOMER I (mine & quarry) alternate titles: foot tender

Works at foot of haulage slope or plane leading to surface of mine: Engages clips or grips by means of which mine cars are attached to hoisting cable for haulage to surface, working at foot of haulage slope or plane leading to surface of mine. Disengages clips or grips as cars are lowered to landing and moves cars onto track sidings for distribution in mine. Signals HOIST OPERATOR (mine & quarry) with bell or buzzer to raise cars.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

932.667-014 LOADING-SHOVEL OILER (mine & quarry)

Lubricates diesel or electric loading shovel at strip mine or quarry: Oils and greases bearings, cables, gears, and other friction areas, using grease gun and oilcan. Assists in routine maintenance and repair of machine. May shovel dirt and coal to keep bench (top of exposed coal or ore seam) clear. May keep power cable clear of treads as shovel moves into position. May guide trucks into loading position, using hand or voice signals.
GOE: 05.12.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

932.683-010 CAR DROPPER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: car pincher; car runner; spragger

Controls movement of railroad or mine cars to position cars for loading or unloading at sidings, loading chutes, tipples, or scales, performing any combination of following tasks: Pushes or rides cars down slope. Guides and stops cars by switching, applying brakes, or placing scotches (wooden wedges) between wheel and rail. Uncouples and positions railroad car under loading chutes by inserting pinch bar under car wheels, using bar as fulcrum and lever to move car. Hooks cable to car and controls cable drum brake to ease car down incline. Opens and closes bottom doors of cars to dump contents. May assist in cleaning and preparing cars for loading.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

932.683-014 LOADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: loader, machine

Drives self-propelled electric loading machine equipped with gathering arms and conveyor to load shattered coal, rock, or ore into shuttle or mine cars in underground mine: Drives machine into pile of material blasted from working face. Moves levers to raise and swivel multisectioned conveyor boom and to start conveyor boom and gathering-arm motors. Advances machine to gather material and convey it into car at rear. Stops gathering arms when car is full. Pries off loose material from roof and moves it into path of machine with crowbar. Moves trailing electrical cable clear of obstructions, using rubber safety gloves. May replace hydraulic hoses, headlight bulbs, and gathering-arm teeth.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

932.683-018 MECHANICAL-SHOVEL OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: loader operator; mucking-machine operator; shovel operator

Operates power shovel that loads coal or rock into mine cars or onto conveyors in underground mines: Drives rubber-tired, crawled-tread, or rail-mounted machine into working place. Makes power connections and starts machine. Moves levers to force shovel into pile, lift and revolve shovel, and dump contents into mine car or onto conveyor. Advances machine into pile as digging progresses. Lubricates, adjusts, and repairs machine.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

932.683-022 SHUTTLE-CAR OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Drives diesel or electrically powered shuttle car in underground mine to transport materials from working face to mine cars or to conveyor: Positions shuttle car under discharge conveyor of loading machine, and observes that materials are loaded according to specifications. Maneuvers shuttle car to keep its nose under discharge conveyor. Controls conveyor which runs entire length of shuttle car to apportion load as loading progresses. Drives loaded shuttle car to ramp and moves controls to discharge load into mine car or onto conveyor. May move mine cars into position to be loaded from shuttle car. May charge batteries when operating battery-powered vehicle.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 80

932.685-010 AERIAL-TRAM OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Tends aerial tramway (buckets attached to overhead cables and pulleys supported by towers) to convey refuse, coal, ore, and other materials from plant or mine to spoil pile, conveyor, railroad car, boat, or plant: Pushes buttons to start reel and winding cable, causing tram buckets to move between loading and dumping areas. Pulls levers to position buckets for loading and pushes button to dump load, or observes signal panel and listens for malfunction of automatic dumping equipment. Lubricates and repairs machinery. May remove or replace buckets.
GOE: 05.11.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

932.687-010 CHUTE LOADER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: loader; railroad-car loader

Loads trucks, railroad cars, or conveyors with sand, gravel, coal, crushed stone, or other minerals: Pulls levers or presses buttons to open and close chute of storage bin to regulate flow of materials. Loosens clogged material, using metal bar or compressed air. May position cars under chute [CAR DROPPER (mine & quarry)]. May spray water on materials to settle dust. May keep record of materials loaded. May pry and blast loose mined coal impounded behind battery (stop gate) of storage chute in steeply pitching seams, to load mine cars, and be designated Battery Starter (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

933 CRUSHING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reducing bulky materials to convenient sizes, using sledgehammers and crushing machines.

933.664-010 CRUSHER SETTER (mine & quarry)

Adjusts gaps of cone crushers used to reduce taconite ore to specified size: Lowers lead cone into operating crusher that compresses cone to size of crusher gap. Measures compressed cone with rule to determine amount of adjustment of crusher opening. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to turn threaded crusher bowl to set gap at specified opening. Drives wedges and bolts locking links to secure bowl, using sledges, pliers, and pry bars.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

933.687-010 GRIZZLY WORKER (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: chute blaster; chute tapper; sorter

Prods and breaks ore or rock in underground mine or quarry to keep it moving through grizzly and chute leading to storage, crusher, or loading station: Loosens clogged ore, using bar or pick. Pushes ore dumped from mine cars or trucks through grizzly with bar, and breaks boulders with hydraulic ram or sledgehammer. May discard oversized lumps. May move levers to dump ore from cars. May remove samples of ore for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

934 SCREENING AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning, separating, and sizing coal, ore, stone, and related materials, using gravity and centrifugal separators, vibrating screens, and related equipment.

934.685-010 CONE OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Tends cone (gravity device) to separate slate and rock from coal: Presses buttons to start conveyor and regulate flow of material into top of cone. Turns valve to regulate flow of water into bottom of cone and maintain specified pressure to carry coal off with overflow while rock and slate fall to bottom. Pulls lever to open slate gate at bottom and draw off impurities.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

934.685-014 SAND PLANT ATTENDANT (concrete prod.; mine & quarry)

Tends equipment that separates sand according to texture and grade: Presses buttons or flips switches on control panel to start conveyors, washing, and separating (classifying) units. Adjusts controls of classifying tanks to obtain specified grade of sand. Observes color of sand to determine clay content and notifies supervisor when excess clay or equipment malfunction is detected. Lubricates conveyor idlers, using grease gun, and assists in routine equipment maintenance. Shovels sand spillage clear of moving equipment parts and work area.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

934.685-018 SHAKER TENDER (concrete prod.; mine & quarry)

Tends shaker (vibrating or reciprocating screen) that sizes crushed coal, ore, or rock for industrial use or for further processing: Opens and closes chute gates to regulate flow of materials onto shaker table. Picks out refuse and impurities. Unclogs conveyors and screens, and shovels spillage onto conveyors or screens. May change screens. May collect and label batch samples for quality control inspection.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

934.685-022 SPIRAL RUNNER (mine & quarry)

Tends battery of spirals (mechanical devices that separate minerals from other materials by centrifugal force): Starts equipment and opens feedlines admitting material into spirals. Examines samples and regulates spirals so that excessive amount of minerals is not lost.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

934.687-010 FOOT WORKER (chemical)

Moves levers to adjust chute gate and regulate flow of salt from crusher to vibrating screens that separate salt into various sizes preparatory to shipment or refining. Cleans clogged screens with rod. May tip mine cars to dump rock salt into bins, leading to crusher [CRUSHER TENDER (any industry)].
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

939 OCCUPATIONS IN EXTRACTION OF MINERALS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with extraction of minerals.

939.130-010 SUPERVISOR, POND (chemical)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in pumping salt water to ponds and testing brine concentrate in production of salt by solar evaporation: Orders pumping sequence for each pond to move salt water through prescribed series of concentrating ponds and into crystallizing ponds according to specified density of water. Specifies density to maintain in each pond and sequence of ponds to use as salt concentration increases. Inspects ponds, floodgates, valves, and pumps, and reports needed repair or maintenance. May compile report on pond operations. May direct workers in draining granulator beds and laying gondola tracks on beds. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.131-010 QUARRY SUPERVISOR, OPEN PIT (mine & quarry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blasting, removing, and crushing mineral ores in open-pit mines (quarries): Plans location and drilling of blast holes to ensure maximum extraction of ore and provide access roads for trucking ores out of mine. Trains workers in drilling blast holes and in loading and shooting explosive charges. Directs POWER-SHOVEL OPERATORS (any industry) and TRUCK DRIVERS (any industry) in stripping new diggings and in loading and removing ores from mine. Directs CRUSHER TENDER (any industry) in breaking ore into pieces preparatory to extraction of valuable minerals. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.131-014 SUPERVISOR, PRODUCTION (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: lease supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in pumping, gauging, and treating oil from wells within specified oil field area: Directs workers in operation and adjustment of pump engines, pumps, gauges, oil treating units, and control heads (valve devices controlling flow of oil). Inspects work of crews replacing pump rods and casing in wells, treating wells to increase flow or improve quality of oil and constructing or repairing oil field equipment and buildings. Designates allowable flow of oil from wells in accordance with proration regulations and agreements. May direct drilling of wells. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

939.131-018 WELL PULLER, HEAD (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: head well-puller

Supervises and coordinates activities of WELL PULLER (petrol. & gas) in cleaning and servicing producing oil and gas wells, and in pulling pumping rods, casing, and tubing from wells, for repair or replacement. May oversee installation of tubing in new wells. May swab wells to induce flow of oil [CLEAN-OUT DRILLER (petrol. & gas)]. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.132-010 DREDGE OPERATOR SUPERVISOR (mine & quarry)

Operates dredge used to mine metal-bearing sands or gravels from bottom of lakes and streams, and supervises other dredge workers: Operates winch to position dredge. Moves controls to lower endless bucket-conveyor to bottom of lake or stream. Starts conveyor operation to scoop up ore-bearing sand or gravel from bottom and deposit it upon dredge. Directs disassembly, loading, unloading, and reassembly of dredge and related equipment. Supervises and coordinates activities of other workers engaged in primary preparation of ore by screening and amalgamation.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.132-014 OIL-WELL-SERVICES SUPERVISOR (petrol. & gas)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating pumping and blending equipment to cement, acidize, and fracture oil and gas wells: Confers with SUPERINTENDENT, DRILLING AND PRODUCTION (petrol. & gas) to determine well conditions, pipe sizes, and characteristics of oil-or-gas-bearing rock formations to be treated. Computes amount of cement, acid, or fracturing material to be used and devises procedures to be followed according to conditions of individual wells. Directs workers in mixing and blending of cement, acid, and other chemicals and in assembling and connecting pipe and pipe fittings between pumping equipment and well head. Observes dials and pressure gauges to ensure that specified pump pressure is being maintained and that equipment is functioning properly. Informs workers when adjustments are needed and directs maintenance and repair of equipment. Assigns new employees to experienced worker for on-the-job training and assists in training. Evaluates job performance of workers and recommends personnel actions, such as promotions, pay raises, or discharges. May operate blending and pumping equipment and connect pipe and pipe fittings between pumping equipment and well head during peak work periods or for training purposes. May contact established customers to solicit work and maintain good will.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

939.137-010 CHIEF DISPATCHER (petrol. & gas)

Supervises and coordinates activities of dispatching and clerical personnel in field offices, and advises on types of oil well services for specific drilling or production problems: Advises customers regarding services best suited for specific drilling or production problems, utilizing knowledge of local conditions gained through field experience, to select type of service required. Computes material quantities and quotes prices for service. Dispatches oil well servicing crews, using telephone or radio, to perform services, and oversees clerical activities in field office. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (clerical) Master Title.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.137-014 PIT SUPERVISOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: dimension-quarry supervisor; strip-mine supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in strip or pit mining or in quarrying: Studies contour maps and aerial photographs to determine locations for roads and cuts. Supervises road construction crew and lays out blast pattern. Supervises drilling and shooting crews in drilling blast holes and detonation of charges. Plans location of spoil pile (dump area) to allow maximum room for stripping. Coordinates stripping, drilling, blasting, quarrying, and loading activities, and assists workers with faulty equipment. Determines property lines and legal limits of operations in order to comply with rights of adjoining property owners and mining laws. Schedules running and major repair work on drilling machine and stripping and loading shovels. Requisitions supplies, such as explosives, lubricants, bits, and machine parts. Observes mining operation to detect violation of safety regulations and compiles safety and production records. May supervise crushing operations. May train new workers. May be designated according to specific work performed as Supervisor, Drilling And Shooting (mine & quarry); Supervisor, Blasting (mine & quarry). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

939.137-018 SECTION SUPERVISOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: machine boss; mine captain; muck boss; room boss; shift boss

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in underground, surface, or pit mining in specified section of mine: Coordinates activities, such as timbering, roof bolting, track-laying, undercutting, drilling, blasting, loading, and conveying of coal, ore, or rock. Examines malfunctioning equipment and orders transfer of faulty unit to surface shop or orders repair at work site. Inspects section for hazards, such as gas, falling rock, squeezes, and poor ventilation, using devices, such as safety lamps, anemometer, and crowbar. Maintains records of production, area mined, and location of personnel and equipment. Orders and distributes supplies, such as bits, wire, machine parts, bulbs, and chalk. May evaluate ore in precious-metal mine and be designated Specimen Boss (mine & quarry). May be designated according to specific equipment used as Auger Supervisor (mine & quarry). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 80

939.137-022 SUPERVISOR, HARVESTING (chemical)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in harvesting, transporting, washing, and stockpiling raw salt from crystallization pond beds: Plans shift activities and directs workers to pond beds designated for harvesting. Directs workers in laying of gondola tracks on salt bed. Coordinates harvesting with transporting, washing, and stockpiling activities to ensure continuity in production. Requests field repairs and maintenance of equipment. Directs relocation of conveyor to obtain stockpiles of specified size. Enforces safety regulations. Maintains records of production, pond status, and reasons for production delays.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.167-010 CONTROLLER, COAL OR ORE (mine & quarry) alternate titles: ore grader

Coordinates loading, dumping, and blending of coal or ore at shipping dock, mill, tipple, or preparation plant: Studies schedules to ascertain required blends, grades, and sizes of material to be processed. Studies analysis sheets and selects materials which will meet specifications. Notifies workers to deliver specified cars for loading, designates loading sequence, and indicates whether cars are to be caulked or plugged to retain powdered coal, oiled to reduce dust, or salted to prevent freezing. Notifies workers to load or dump materials. Prepares control sheet to record loading and dumping activities and variances in production.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

939.281-010 MINER I (mine & quarry)

Mines ore, coal, or rock in underground mine, performing any combination of following tasks in areas where high production equipment is limited by economic factors or natural formations: Cuts channel under working face to facilitate blasting, using pick, or by operating cutting machine. Operates mounted or unmounted power drill to bore blasting holes in working face. Charges and shoots (sets off) explosives or air charges to blast down materials. Shovels shattered materials into mine cars or onto conveyor. Installs timbering, roof bolts, or cribs, to support walls and roof. Lays track to accommodate mine cars or track-mounted equipment. May mine rock in coal mine at contract price per ton or footage of advance and be designated Rock Contractor (mine & quarry). May mine ore, coal, or rock, using pick and shovel, and be designated Miner, Pick (mine & quarry). When digging passageways between rooms, may be designated Entry Miner (mine & quarry). May do development work, such as opening up new passageways, air vents, auxiliary tunnels, rooms, and shafts to facilitate mining, and be designated Drift Miner (mine & quarry); Raise Miner (mine & quarry); Shaft Sinker (mine & quarry); Stope Miner (mine & quarry); Tunnel Miner (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: V GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

939.362-010 DISPATCHER, OIL WELL SERVICES (petrol. & gas)

Dispatches oil well servicing crews to service assignments and relays communications to crews and other field personnel, using telephone and radio communication equipment: Receives telephone requests for services from customers and relays information to crews and field personnel, using telephone or radio. Dispatches crews to oil well servicing assignments. Prepares time reports and other records. Confers with customer regarding drilling or production problems and outlines types of services available. May compute quantities of materials required and quote prices for services. May refer customer inquiries regarding production problems or available services to sales personnel.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.362-014 PANELBOARD OPERATOR (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: additive-plant operator; conveyor attendant; crusher operator; grinding-mill operator; mill attendant; switch-house operator; wash-box operator

Operates panelboard to control conveying, blending, washing, crushing, and sizing of coal, rock, sand, gravel, or ore to prepare it for commercial or industrial use or for further processing: Pushes levers and buttons to start plant machinery. Studies customer orders or work schedules and adjusts controls to draw specified amounts and proportions of different grades of materials from storage bins onto conveyors. Observes dials and gauges to route materials through series of screens, wash boxes, crushers, and driers. Reads ammeters to determine load on conveyors and regulates loads to adjust blends. Observes panel lights and meters for indication of overloads, malfunctions, or plugged chutes, and shuts down plant, reroutes materials, or adjusts controls to regulate feed. Notifies maintenance and loading personnel of delays or malfunctions. Observes operation to determine that refuse and tailings are removed as specified. May operate equipment to dump material from cars.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.364-010 OBSERVER HELPER, SEISMIC PROSPECTING (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: observer helper; recorder helper, seismograph; seismograph-operator helper

Performs any combination of following tasks in seismic prospecting for petroleum-bearing rock strata: Drives equipment truck to work sites. Unloads and carries explosives and seismometers to designated locations on terrain. Unreels and connects electrical cables between seismometers and recording equipment in truck. Guides drill pipe and casing into shotholes. Loads shotholes with explosives. Runs water or pours sand into shotholes to tamp charge. Washes printed seismograph records with solutions. Repairs automotive and prospecting equipment. May be designated according to specific duty performed as Prospecting-Driller Helper (petrol. & gas); Shooter Helper, Seismograph (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

939.382-010 DRY-PLACER-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Operates trailer-mounted machine to recover gold from sand: Positions conveyor from front-end loader to machine. Connects terminals from portable generator to control panel, using wrench. Starts machine and adjusts speed of feed conveyor to avoid overloading. Observes flow of fine sand from conveyor to screens and inclined riffle tables. Adjusts speed of bellows to force air through sand and float it over riffles, allowing gold-bearing particles to collect. Dries wet sand, using heat lamps.
GOE: 05.11.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

939.462-010 OIL-WELL-SERVICE OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

Controls pumping and blending equipment to acidize, cement, or fracture gas or oil wells and permeable rock formations: Consults with SUPERINTENDENT, DRILLING AND PRODUCTION (petrol. & gas) to determine well conditions, pipe sizes, and amounts of acid, cement, or fracturing chemicals to be used. Gives directions to OIL-WELL-SERVICE-OPERATOR HELPER (petrol. & gas) to unload pipes, fittings, and chemicals, and to correct pipes between pumps and well, using handtools. Mixes acids, chemicals or dry cement according to service specified by customer. Observes meters and pressure gauges to regulate quantity and consistency of materials and to control pump pressure. May perform routine maintenance on vehicles and equipment. May be designated according to specialty as Acidizer (petrol. & gas); Acidizer, Water Well (construction); Cementer, Oil Well (petrol. & gas); Formation-Fracturing Operator (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

939.485-010 SANDFILL OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Tends equipment that mixes cement, ore residues, and water into slurry and pumps slurry to fill worked out excavations in underground mine: Opens valves to transfer ore residues (sand) from mill and admit water to mixing tank. Starts mixer that blends slurry to specified consistency. Opens valves to transfer slurry to excavations (stopes) and to flush distribution lines. Adds measured amounts of cement to slurry when hard-surface fill is specified. Washes residue from tanks and records amount of slurry produced and deposited in mine. May be designated according to area worked as Sandfill Operator, Surface (mine & quarry); Sandfill Operator, Underground (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.585-010 DUST SAMPLER (mine & quarry)

Tends equipment that measures amount of coal dust suspended in air in underground coal mine: Places sampling devices in predetermined locations in mine at beginning of work shift. Monitors apparatus periodically to ensure that dust suspension remains within safe limits. Removes collected samples at end of shift, records suspension level, and mails sample to central laboratory for analysis. Cleans and maintains equipment daily.
GOE: 05.07.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.663-010 OBSERVER HELPER, GRAVITY PROSPECTING (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: gravity-prospecting-operator helper; recorder helper, gravity prospecting

Drives truck to transport gravity prospecting personnel and equipment to petroleum-exploration areas. Sets up gravity meter, torsion balance, and other gravity-measuring instruments under direction of OBSERVER, GRAVITY PROSPECTING (petrol. & gas). May read thermometer and barometer and record readings.
GOE: 05.08.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.667-010 CAGER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: lander; skip tender

Pushes mine cars onto and off mine shaft cage and informs workers when cage is used to carry mine personnel: Pushes or pulls loaded cars off cage at surface and replaces with cars that are empty or loaded with supplies. Pulls empty cars from cage at bottom or intermediate levels of mine and moves onto sidings for distribution and loading. Gives directions to workers in loading of cage to ensure conformance to safety regulations. Signals HOIST OPERATOR (mine & quarry) with bell or buzzer when cage is to be moved. May load cage with materials and equipment to be lowered into mine. May record number of containers and estimate production weights. May tend automatic elevator. May be designated according to level in mine shaft at which work is performed as Bottomer (mine & quarry) II; Foot Cager (mine & quarry); Head Cager (mine & quarry); Top Cager (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.667-014 QUARRY WORKER (mine & quarry)

Performs any combination of following tasks in rock quarry: Removes mud and muck from surface of stone, using pick, shovel, and steam hose. Chips irregularities from stone slabs to produce uniform, rectangular shapes and reduce shipping weights, using pick. Loosens blasted stone, using pick and crowbar. Cuts notches (dog-holes) in blocks of stone with pick and hammer, and attaches hoisting cables, hooks, or slings to stone. Breaks stone into pieces, using sledgehammer. Loads broken rock into boxes to be hoisted from quarry, using shovel, stone fork, or hands. Loosens blasted stone with bar or pick and skids rock into position for breaking.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

939.667-018 SHORE HAND, DREDGE OR BARGE (construction; mine & quarry)

Attaches cable to tree, log, or other anchor on shore to permit use of winch to position barge or dredge: Receives signals from barge or dredge. Disengages cable and moves it to new position. Attaches cable to tree, or attaches cable to log and digs hole to bury log. May use explosives to form anchorages. May assist in loading barge. May ferry fuel and supplies to barge or dredge. May perform routine maintenance duties on dredge.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

939.682-010 MONITOR CAR OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

Operates monitor car to mix water and phosphate ore into slurry of specified density for further processing: Starts water pump and adjusts rate of water flow from nozzle. Moves levers to aim nozzle that sprays high pressure jet of water at ore pile to increase density of slurry or into sump to dilute slurry to specified consistency. Observes gauges and presses buttons to regulate volume and rate of slurry flow through pipeline to mill for further processing.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

939.682-014 PNEUMATIC-JACK OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

Operates pneumatic jack on offshore oil drilling barge that raises or lowers barge to facilitate drilling: Moves levers to start jack which is lowered to caisson on ocean floor for purpose of lifting barge to facilitate drilling. Coordinates movement of jack with movement of other jacks on barge. Raises jack to lower barge back into water so that barge may be moved to another drilling location.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.684-010 JACK SETTER (mine & quarry)

Places hydraulic jacks, timbers, and posts in specified locations to form roof support system in underground mine: Examines hydraulic lines and tightens connections, using wrenches. Helps place temporary posts or timbers under roof support beams when hydraulic jack failure occurs, or to supplement jacks in supporting roof. Advances coal conveyors and jack units forward to facilitate making new series of cuts in coal strata, using built-in or portable horizontal jacks.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.684-014 MINER, PLACER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: sluice tender

Mines precious metals from sand and gravel by placer method: Constructs inclined trough (sluice box) with riffles or cleats at bottom. Shovels ore-bearing sand or gravel into stream of water running through sluice box and observes operation to ensure that loose metals are being caught behind riffles. Removes obstructions and repairs leaks. Diverts flow of water and scoops out accumulated metals. May use high-pressure water system to wash sand and gravel into sluices and be designated Nozzle Worker (mine & quarry); Placer Miner, Hydraulic (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

939.684-018 OIL-WELL-SERVICE-OPERATOR HELPER (petrol. & gas)

Assists OIL-WELL-SERVICE OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) in controlling blending and pumping equipment to treat oil or gas wells and permeable rock formations with cement, acid, or chemicals: Drives truck equipped with acid pumps, mixers and related equipment to well site. Unloads and assembles pipes and pumping equipment, using handtools. Dumps acids, cement, or other treating materials in mixer to blend solution. Opens valve as directed to admit specified amounts of solution into well. Dismantles and loads equipment on truck after treatment. May be designated according to duty performed as Acidizer Helper (petrol. & gas); Cementer Helper (petrol. & gas); Formation-Fracturing-Operator Helper (petrol. & gas).
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

939.685-010 POND TENDER (chemical)

Tends equipment that pumps brine (sea water) through series of concentrating and crystallizing ponds to produce salt by solar evaporation: Turns valves to open floodgates and fill primary concentration ponds. Starts pumps that fill concentrating ponds in specified sequence to facilitate crystallizing process and to empty primary concentrating pond. Tests samples of brine solution for density, using hydrometer. Dilutes brine by pumping it through ponds and into granulator beds, according to specified time sequence. Records hydrometer readings and pumping operations. Pumps water into granulator beds after salt has been harvested.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

939.685-014 WASHER-AND-CRUSHER TENDER (mine & quarry)

Tends battery of machines that convey, wash, crush, and separate quarried stone to produce sand and gravel: Presses button to start belt conveyor that conveys material to blade mill. Pulls lever to start blade mill that washes and separates rock, sand, and gravel from clay and other foreign matter. Starts vibrating screens that separate materials according to size. Presses button to start cone crusher that crushes oversized rocks. Observes flow of materials to detect jams or equipment malfunction. Stops machine and notifies supervisor of malfunction or breakdown.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.686-010 LOADING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (mine & quarry)

Loads shattered coal, rock, or ore into shuttle or mine cars in underground mine, to assist LOADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry): Positions machine in proximity of receiving conveyance, such as shuttle car or conveyor. Maintains flow of materials through loading material into conveyance. Frees jams and performs routine maintenance on conveyor. Assists in repair and maintenance of loading machine. May relieve LOADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry) in operation of loading machine.
GOE: 05.12.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

939.687-010 BELT PICKER (mine & quarry)

Removes lumps of slate, wood, wire, clay, or other impurities from extracted minerals passing on conveyor belt, picking table, or shaker screen: Throws lumps of usable material into bins for further processing. Routes impurities to disposal area. May assist in changing conveyor belts or screens and repairing plant equipment.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

939.687-014 COMPANY LABORER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: cleaner; digger; laborer, mine; scraper

Works in underground or surface mine, pit, or quarry, or at tipple, mill, or preparation plant, performing any combination of following tasks: Cleans working areas and haulage tracks; digs and maintains drainage ditches; or shovels muck, ore, coal, or rock aside, into cars, or onto conveyors. Pushes loaded mine cars from working face to haulage road and couples cars together for transportation to surface. Positions and adjusts bits on drill shaft and places cables, jacks, roof bolts, and related equipment in specified locations. Trims protrusions from walls and roofs of underground passageways and rooms. Strips (cleans) residue of rock and dirt from exposed coal, ore, or rock formations. Loads, separates, or sorts materials at working face, using shovel or wheelbarrow. Throws calcium or salt around interiors of railroad cars to prevent coal or ore from freezing to cars during winter. May be known according to specific work performed as Car Cleaner (mine & quarry); Car Salter (mine & quarry); Loader (mine & quarry); Mucker (mine & quarry); Shoveler (mine & quarry); Stripper (mine & quarry); Trimmer (mine & quarry).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 80

939.687-018 LABORER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: roustabout

Performs any combination of following tasks in and about oil fields and pipelines, using handtools: Digs trenches for building foundations or for drainage around oil wells, storage tanks, and other installations. Fills excavations with dirt, using shovels. Loads and unloads trucks by hand or using handtrucks. Mixes concrete, using hoe and shovel. Carries concrete and tamps it into building forms. Bails spilled oil into buckets and barrels. Cleans and performs routine adjustments to machinery, using handtools, solvent, and rags. Cuts down trees and brush around oil field installations to reduce fire hazard or clear way for roads. Rolls and segregates pipe sections on racks in material yard to position pipes for testing. Connects pipe ends and hydraulic hose, using wrenches. Paints oil storage tanks, pumping units, and auxiliary equipment, using brush or spray painting equipment. May clean and service motor vehicles and auxiliary equipment.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

939.687-022 LATRINE CLEANER (mine & quarry)

Pushes mine toilet cars or drives self-propelled tank cars onto hoist to be raised to surface. Rolls cars off hoist to disposal area and flushes contents into sewer with water. Refills containers with chemical solution and returns cars to mine.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

939.687-026 ROCK-DUST SPRAYER (mine & quarry)

Sprays water or rock dust onto walls, roof, and floor of underground mine workings to mix with coal dust deposits and prevent explosions, using portable compressed-air pump and hose. Mixes rock dust with water and sprays slurry during working hours, to reduce amount of suspended coal dust in air while miners are present.
GOE: 05.12.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

939.687-030 SAMPLE WASHER (petrol. & gas)

Pulverizes cuttings and cores removed from oil or gas well boreholes, using hammer or small power crusher. Washes cuttings through various-sized mesh screens to separate samples and fossils from soil and other foreign matter. Places samples in bags and attaches identification tags.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

939.687-034 SAND FILLER (mine & quarry)

Fills stopes (underground openings from which ore has been mined) with sand to prevent cave-ins of ground surrounding worked out areas: Opens pipe valves to pump sand, waste minerals, and water resulting from treatment of ore, until stopes are filled sufficiently to support walls and roofs. Switches flow from one stope to another to allow time for water to drain off. Plugs holes and cracks in stope with burlap bags and scrap timber to prevent sand from leaking out when dry. May install temporary pipelines from slurry main to distribute slurry in several stopes consecutively.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

95 OCCUPATIONS IN PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF UTILITIES

This division includes occupations concerned with generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity; generation and distribution of steam for heat and power, including marine propulsion; generation of utility gas, and storage and distribution of natural and manufactured gas for power, illumination, or heating purposes; filtration, purification, and distribution of water for domestic, commercial, or industrial consumption; and collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage and refuse.

950 STATIONARY ENGINEERS

This group includes occupations concerned with operation and maintenance of engines, turbines, air compressors, generators, motors, boilers, and auxiliaries to supply light, heat, refrigeration, ventilation, air-conditioning, and mechanical or electrical power for buildings, industrial plants, and mining or oil field operations.

950.131-010 REFRIGERATING ENGINEER, HEAD (any industry) alternate titles: refrigeration operator, head; refrigeration supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of REFRIGERATING ENGINEERS (any industry) engaged in operating refrigerating equipment to provide ice or to cool refrigerating rooms in establishments, such as ice cream plants, frozen food warehouses, and meat packing plants: Directs REFRIGERATION MECHANICS (any industry) in repair of equipment. May participate in repair work, using handtools. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.131-014 STATIONARY-ENGINEER SUPERVISOR (any industry) alternate titles: boiler house supervisor; station supervisor; steam-station supervisor; watch engineer

Supervises and coordinates activities of STATIONARY ENGINEER (any industry) and other workers operating and maintaining stationary engines and mechanical equipment, such as steam engines, air compressors, vacuum and centrifugal pumps, filters, turbines, boilers, and ventilating and refrigerating equipment. May supervise MAINTENANCE REPAIRER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry). Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.362-010 ENGINEER, EXHAUSTER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: engineer, byproduct

Operates turbo-blower or steam-driven exhausters and pumps to draw gas resulting from baking of coal through coolers, and into byproducts and benzol-refining plants: Reads pressure and vacuum gauges, thermometers, and flowmeters, and turns hand valves or regulates speed of exhausters and pumps to maintain specified temperatures and pressures. Inspects and repairs equipment, using handtools. Lubricates equipment. Pumps surplus gas to outside consumers [GAS-PUMPING-STATION OPERATOR (utilities)]. Cleans equipment. Records temperatures and pressures at various process stations. May remove ammonium sulfate from gas [SATURATOR OPERATOR (chemical; steel & rel.)].
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.362-014 REFRIGERATING ENGINEER (any industry) alternate titles: cooling-system operator; operating engineer; stationary engineer, refrigeration

Operates freon, carbon-dioxide, or ammonia gas-cooling systems to refrigerate rooms in establishments, such as slaughtering and meat packing plants and dairies, to air-condition buildings, or to provide refrigeration for industrial processes: Opens valves on equipment, such as compressors, pumps, and condensers to prepare system for operation and starts equipment and auxiliary machinery. Observes temperature, pressure and ampere readings for system and equipment and adjusts controls or overrides automatic controls to obtain specified operation of equipment. Records temperature, pressure, and other readings on logsheet at specified intervals. Measures density of brine, using hydrometer, and adds calcium chloride to lower temperature to specified degree. Connects hose from supply tank to compressor to replace coolant. Makes periodic inspection of equipment and system to observe operating condition and need for repair or adjustment. Adjusts controls to isolate and clear broken lines for repair or shuts down equipment. May repack pumps and compressors, clean condensers, and replace worn or defective parts using hand and power tools. When operating refrigeration or air-conditioning equipment aboard ship, may be known as Reefer Engineer (water trans.) and must have endorsement on Merchant Mariner's document as Refrigerating Engineer.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.382-010 BOILER OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: boiler house operator; control-room operator; firer, boiler; steam-power-plant operator

Operates automatically fired boilers to generate steam that supplies heat or power for buildings or industrial processes: Lights gas- or oil-fed burners, using torch. Starts pulverizer and stoker to grind and feed coal into furnace of boiler. Observes pressure, temperature, and draft meters on panel to verify specified operation of automatic combustion control systems, feed water regulators, stoker, pulverizer, and burners. Turns valves and adjusts controls to set specified fuel feed, draft openings, water level, and steam pressure of boiler. Observes boiler and auxiliary units to detect malfunctions and makes repairs, such as changing burners and tightening pipes and fittings. May test and treat boiler feed water, using specified chemicals. May maintain log of meter and gauge readings and record data, such as water test results and quantity of fuel consumed. May be designated according to fuel burned, type of boilers, or class of license required.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

950.382-014 GAS-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: gas-lift engineer

Operates steam or internal combustion engines to transmit, compress, or recover gases, such as butane, nitrogen, hydrogen, and natural gas in various production processes: Moves controls and turns valves to start compressor engines, pumps, and auxiliary equipment. Monitors meters, gauges, and recording instrument charts to ensure specified temperature, pressure, and flow of gas through system. Observes operation of equipment to detect malfunctions. Records instrument readings and operational changes in operating log. May operate purification tanks (scrubbers) to purify air or byproduct gases. May tend pumps to mix specified amounts of acids and caustics with water for use in purifying gases. May perform minor repairs on equipment, using handtools. May conduct chemical tests to determine sulfur or moisture content in gas. May be designated according to type of gas compressed or recovered as Butadiene-Compressor Operator (chemical); Butane-Compressor Operator (petrol. refin.); Ethylene-Compressor Operator (chemical). May operate equipment to control transmission of natural gas through pipelines and be designated Compressor-Station Engineer (pipe lines).
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.382-018 GAS-ENGINE OPERATOR (any industry)

Operates stationary internal-combustion engines, using natural gas for fuel, to supply power for equipment, such as electrical generators and air or gas compressors: Starts auxiliary air compressor and turns compressed air and fuel valves to start engine. Observes gauges and meters and adjusts controls to regulate ignition, governor, lubrication and cooling systems, and load distribution between engines. Observes operation of equipment, such as generators or compressors to detect malfunctions. May specialize in engines designed for specific processes and be designated Gas-Engine Operator, Compressors (any industry); Gas-Engine Operator, Generators (any industry).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

950.382-022 ROTARY-RIG ENGINE OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: diesel-engine engineer; gas-engine engineer

Operates gasoline, natural gas, or diesel engines to supply power for rotary oil well drilling machinery: Starts engines and observes drilling operations to provide power under operating conditions. Assembles and dismantles pumps and other drilling equipment, using handtools. Loosens and tightens threaded sections of drill pipe and well casing. Lubricates and repairs equipment.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.382-026 STATIONARY ENGINEER (any industry) alternate titles: maintenance engineer; operating engineer; power-plant operator; watch engineer

Operates and maintains stationary engines and mechanical equipment, such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, and steam boilers, to provide utilities, such as light, heat, or power, for buildings and industrial processes: Reads meters and gauges or automatic recording devices at specified intervals to verify operating conditions. Records data, such as temperature of equipment, hours of operation, fuel consumed, temperature or pressure, water levels, analysis of flue gases, voltage load, and generator balance. Adjusts manual controls or overrides automatic controls to bring equipment into recommended or prescribed operating ranges, switch to backup equipment or systems, or to shut down equipment. Visually inspects equipment at periodic intervals to detect malfunctions or need for repair, adjustment, or lubrication. Maintains equipment by tightening fittings, repacking bearings, replacing packing glands, gaskets, valves, recorders, and gauges, and cleaning or replacing burners or other components, using handtools and power tools. May be required to hold license issued by state or municipality, restricting equipment operated to specified types and sizes. May oil and lubricate equipment [OILER (any industry) 950.685-014]. May perform water titration tests and pour chemical additives, such as water softener, into treatment tank to prevent scale buildup and to clean boiler lines. May record operation and maintenance actions taken during shift in operators logbook. May specialize in equipment designed for industrial processes and be designated Acid-Concentration-Plant-Equipment Engineer (any industry); Air-Compressor-Station Engineer (any industry); Diesel-Engine Operator, Stationary (any industry); Water-Pumping-Station Engineer (any industry).
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

950.382-030 STATIONARY-ENGINEER APPRENTICE (any industry) alternate titles: operating-engineer apprentice, stationary; power-plant-operator apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.485-010 HUMIDIFIER ATTENDANT (textile; tobacco) alternate titles: humidifier-maintenance worker; humid-system operator

Tends humidifying system that keeps moisture content of air in rooms or departments at specified level: Computes moisture content of air, using hygrometer or chart recorder (pneumatic controller). Sets thermostat controls and adjusts valves controlling waterflow to increase or decrease moisture. Replaces worn or broken parts, such as fans, sprinkler heads, and pipe sections, using handtools. Cleans equipment, using airhose, brushes, and rags. May drain water from pipes and air reservoir. May test electrical system to determine specified voltage, using voltage meter.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

950.562-010 PANELBOARD OPERATOR (chemical) alternate titles: vessel ventilation system operator

Operates panelboard to control ventilation system of nuclear waste processing plant: Adjusts panelboard controls to maintain specified pressure, temperature, and airflow through ventilation pipes and holding vessels, and to regulate level of nuclear radiation in work area. Observes gauges and meters to monitor operation of fans and pumps, and to detect equipment malfunctions. Informs and directs maintenance personnel to area of malfunctioning equipment. Records data to maintain record of operation of ventilation system as related to safety standards established by Atomic Energy Commission.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

950.585-010 VENTILATION EQUIPMENT TENDER (any industry) alternate titles: air-control tender; blower-room attendant; exhaust tender; heating-and-ventilating tender; scrubber-system attendant; ventilation mechanic

Tends ventilating and heating equipment, such as fans, vacuum pumps, air compressors, vents and ducts, and lubrication-oil coolers used in buildings or industrial processes: Adjusts valves to regulate temperature of lubrication oil and flow of water through system. Moves controls to regulate speed of fans and to adjust vents and ducts. Records gauge readings, repairs completed, and time lost because of inoperative equipment. Writes repair work order tickets and out-of-order tags preparatory to equipment repair. Inspects equipment to detect excessive noise and heat. Replaces gauges and tightens and caulks leaky fittings, using wrenches, hammers, and caulking tool. Cleans carbon deposits, pitch, and grease from fans, vents, and ducts, using scrapers, hammer, and compressed air or steam.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

950.585-014 BOILER-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.)

Assists BOILER OPERATOR (any industry) 950.382-010 in operation and maintenance of coal-fired boilers: Turns valves that regulate water flow into full ash hoppers to form slurry and flush slurry into ash grinder. Turns switches that activate vacuum pumps to remove fly ash from full fly ash hoppers. Turns valves and flips switches that activate pumps to replace contaminated water in boiler system. Obtains water samples from designated locations of boiler system and carries samples to testing laboratory. Performs chemical and physical water quality laboratory tests according to prescribed standards. Records and gives results of tests to other workers for use in adjustment of equipment operation.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

950.685-010 AIR-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: compressor engineer; compressor operator

Tends air compressors driven by steam, electric, or gasoline powered units, to generate and supply compressed air for operation of pneumatic tools, hoists, and air lances: Starts power unit to build up specified pressure in compressor. Adjusts controls or sets automatic controls to maintain continuous air supply to pneumatic tools or equipment. Observes temperature and pressure gauges and adjusts controls accordingly. Lubricates and cleans equipment. May connect pipelines from compressor to pneumatic tools or equipment. May repair low pressure steam boilers that furnish power for air compressor units by disassembling unit of boiler and replacing damaged parts, using handtools. May be designated according to type of equipment operated as Air-Compressor Operator, Stationary (any industry); Compressor Operator, Portable (any industry).
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

950.685-014 BOILER-ROOM HELPER (any industry) alternate titles: boiler-operator helper; oiler; powerhouse oiler

Assists STATIONARY ENGINEER (any industry) in operation and maintenance of stationary steam boilers and auxiliary steam equipment, such as pumps, compressors, and air-conditioning system, performing any combination of the following tasks: Starts auxiliary equipment. Opens valves and adjusts regulators to control flow of steam or water through pipelines, or to blow sludge and scale from pressure system. Cleans and lubricates pumps. Dusts tubes, and removes slag from furnace tubes and brickwork of coal-fired boiler, using steam or compressed air. Opens drains and washes boilers. Performs maintenance tasks, such as packing valves, repairing pipelines, and replacing gauge glasses. May regulate volume of water in boilers and in auxiliary equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

951 FIRERS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with firing coal-, gas-, or oil-fueled boilers and furnaces, and tending auxiliary equipment to supply steam or hot air. Includes marine firers. Process firers are included in Category 5; locomotive firers in Group 910; and fire fighters in Group 373.

951.685-010 FIRER, HIGH PRESSURE (any industry) alternate titles: boiler tender; firer, boiler; stoker

Tends portable or stationary high pressure boilers that supply heat or power for engines, turbines, and steam-powered equipment, such as steam shovels, pile drivers, or cranes, or industrial processes: Shovels fuel, such as coal or coke, into firebox or conveyor hopper, or turns valves and moves controls to regulate flow of fuel, such as gas, oil, or pulverized coal, into firebox. Reads gauges and moves controls to maintain specified steam pressure and water level in boiler. Removes ashes from firebox, using shovel and bucket. May clean and repair boilers. May treat boiler feed water, using specified chemicals. May be required to hold license issued by state or municipality. May be designated according to type of boiler tended as Firer, Automatic Stoker (any industry); Firer, Portable Boiler (any industry); Firer, Stationary Boiler (any industry); or type of equipment supplied with power as Firer, Locomotive Crane (any industry); Firer, Pile Driver (any industry); Firer, Steam Shovel (any industry); or type of installation as Firer, Powerhouse (any industry).
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

951.685-014 FIRER, LOW PRESSURE (any industry) alternate titles: boiler operator

Tends low pressure boilers that supply steam heat for office buildings, apartment houses, or industrial establishments: Shovels coal or coke into firebox to feed fuel into boiler; turns valves to regulate flow of gas, oil, or pulverized coal into firebox; or moves controls to regulate fuel feeding speed of automatic stoker. Reads gauges and moves controls to maintain specified steam pressure, temperature, and water level in boiler. Cleans burner, using tools, such as shovel, wire brush, and scraper. May perform maintenance duties, such as cleaning boiler room and removing waste from building. May be required to hold license issued by state or municipality.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

951.685-018 FIRER, MARINE (water trans.)

Tends boilers aboard vessel to maintain steam at specified pressure: Installs atomizing tips on end of burner barrels with wrench. Inserts barrels in burners. Connects fuel-oil lines to burners. Ignites fuel with torch. Adjusts burners to maintain steam pressure at specified level. Cleans drip pans, atomizing tips, burner barrels, and work area, using steam connections, solvent, or rags. Must have certificate issued by U.S. Coast Guard. May operate soot-blowers to clean combustion residue on generating tubes. May regulate amount of water in boiler and be known as Firer-Watertender (water trans.).
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

951.686-010 FUEL-HOUSE ATTENDANT (saw. & plan.)

Opens fuel conveyor chute by moving levers and rakes sawmill waste, such as chips, sawdust, and shavings, into hopper of furnace. May lubricate conveyor system, using grease gun and oilcan. May move panelboard controls to regulate proportions of bark, chips, sawdust, and shavings that are fed to boilers.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

952 OCCUPATIONS IN GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, AND DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC LIGHT AND POWER

This group includes occupations concerned with controlling equipment in powerplants utilizing fossil fuels, hydraulic power, and atomic energy; monitoring and controlling equipment in manned or remote-controlled substations and standby generating plants; and related activities concerned with generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity for utilization by domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers.

952.131-010 SUBSTATION OPERATOR, CHIEF (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating and maintaining electrical and mechanical equipment at electrical substation used to control flow of current through transmission lines: Directs switching operations to drop station voltage load under low frequency conditions in order to determine loss of generator sources, and to resynchronize transmission lines after power separation during emergencies. Inspects equipment, such as control and meter boards, relays, circuit breakers, and transformer lines to ensure operating efficiency. Records instrument readings at designated intervals and completes daily and monthly reports to indicate data, such as current loads, voltage loads, outages, and inspections. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

952.132-010 OPERATIONS SUPERVISOR, NUCLEAR POWER PLANT (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation and control of thermonuclear reactor, turbine generator, and auxiliary equipment at electric generating station: Devises and writes operating procedures for reactor, turbine generator, and auxiliary equipment, based on review and interpretation of government regulations, technical manuals, and conferences with manufacturer's representatives. Oversees activities of workers, reviews status reports of station operations, and monitors and analyzes readings of instrumentation systems to ensure that reactor and auxiliary equipment are operated safely and in accordance with Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations. Confers with supervisory personnel to coordinate activities of operations and maintenance workers engaged in performance of routine and emergency shutdowns and maintenance of equipment and machinery. Prepares training outlines and instructs workers in such subjects as mathematics, reactor physics, and electrical theory, according to federal regulatory requirements. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

952.137-010 CHIEF LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities) alternate titles: chief dispatcher; system operator, chief

Supervises and coordinates activities of LOAD DISPATCHERS (utilities) engaged in controlling operations of generating stations, substations, and distribution lines of electric power system. May inspect substations [SUBSTATION INSPECTOR (utilities)] to verify accuracy of instrument readings with load dispatching office. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.137-014 HYDROELECTRIC-STATION OPERATOR, CHIEF (utilities) alternate titles: production superintendent, hydro

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating and controlling hydroelectric generating equipment: Analyzes defective operation and directs HYDROELECTRIC-STATION OPERATORS (utilities) to adjust equipment to minimize interruptions of power demands. Inspects equipment and initiates maintenance repair orders. Notifies WATERSHED TENDER (waterworks) when subnormal speed of generating units requires adjustment of reservoir floodgates to increase pressure of water which rotates water wheels. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.137-018 SUPERINTENDENT, LOCAL (utilities) alternate titles: distribution district supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers located in small communities or rural areas, and engaged in installing, removing, or repairing electric meters and service lines, repairing overhead distribution system, reading meters, and making service collections. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.137-022 TURBINE OPERATOR, HEAD (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating turbine-driven generators in steam-electric generating plant: Reviews work orders from STATIONARY-ENGINEER SUPERVISOR (any industry) or SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities) to determine specified power necessary for allocating load capacity to turbines. Notifies TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities) to increase or decrease power loads to turbines and to transfer loads when equipment malfunctions. Evaluates reports from TURBINE ATTENDANT (utilities) and observes recording instrument readings to determine operating status of equipment.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.137-026 SUPERVISOR, OPERATIONS (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of POWER-PLANT OPERATORS (utilities) 952.382-018, AUXILIARY-EQUIPMENT OPERATORS (utilities) 952.362-010, and other workers engaged in operating and controlling coal-fired electric generating equipment to produce electricity: Confers with SUPERINTENDENT, GENERATING PLANT (utilities) 184.167-166 to resolve electric generating problems and to report work activities and personnel matters. Coordinates repair of malfunctioning equipment with maintenance department, and inspects repaired equipment prior to return to service. Assigns new workers to experienced personnel for training, according to established training procedure. Studies equipment modification and operating procedure materials to improve supervisory skills and techniques and to increase worker productivity. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

952.167-010 DISPATCHER, SERVICE OR WORK (utilities) alternate titles: trouble dispatcher

Dispatches workers, such as TROUBLE SHOOTERS (utilities) II; LINE REPAIRERS (utilities); and STREET-LIGHT REPAIRERS (utilities) for normal maintenance or emergency repairs to electric-power transmission and distribution lines and related equipment: Receives trouble calls from police, fire departments, and company offices. Records time, location, and nature of trouble and relays information to workers assigned to area in which work occurs, using telephone or radio. Receives work reports and makes reassignments. Informs work crews of changes in weather conditions and system status affecting safety, and answers questions requiring knowledge of system layout and electric equipment operation and repair. Relays and records all messages between line crews and LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities) concerning switching operations. May requisition supplies. May dispatch workers to answer customer service calls [DISPATCHER, SERVICE (utilities)].
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.167-014 LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities) alternate titles: dispatcher, electric power; power dispatcher; system dispatcher; system operator

Coordinates activities of personnel engaged in operating generating stations, substations, and lines of electric power system or electrified railway system to ensure adequate production and distribution of electricity to meet power demands: In smaller system, calculates load estimates according to corrected weather and consumer-demand records and notifies SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities) at generating stations of electric power required to meet fluctuating demands; or in larger systems receives load schedule for various generating stations from POWER-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities). Monitors control board showing operating condition of lines and equipment throughout system and makes adjustments or directs workers to make adjustments as conditions warrant. Directs SUBSTATION OPERATOR (utilities) and other workers to deenergize malfunctioning circuits or adjusts switches to ensure safety of maintenance crew and avoid interruptions of service during repairs. Notifies maintenance crew of location and deenergization of troubled sector, and verifies that workers are clear of repaired equipment before directing energization of circuit. Contacts other utilities by telephone to arrange exchange of power according to existing contracts or in emergency and coordinates tie-in with other systems. Compiles operational records. May operate console of computer which is programmed to automatically perform load-control functions. May calculate discharge rate of water in reservoirs utilizing reports of rain, river flow, and water level in reservoirs, and directs setting of watergates at hydroelectric plant to coordinate water flow and power generation with irrigation and flood control requirements. May compute bills for power delivered to interconnected utilities. May be responsible for section of system and be designated Load Dispatcher, Local (utilities).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

952.261-010 SUBSTATION INSPECTOR (utilities)

Inspects and tests electric current-converting and distribution equipment in attended or unattended substations to verify operating efficiency and accuracy of equipment: Examines transformers, oil switches, fuses, lighting arresters, voltage regulators, and related equipment, and tests circuitry, using standard electrical testing apparatus, to verify that new equipment is correctly installed and wired. Inspects automatic supervisory-controls in unattended stations to verify their performance of supervisory functions, according to specifications and cumulative station-operation records. Performs acceptance and performance tests under direction of engineering personnel to evaluate performance of new and operating equipment. Calculates average and peak load conditions of station from electric recording instrument data and compiles report of load conditions and test results for equipment performance evaluation and system planning purposes. Repairs or replaces blown fuses and defective switches or wires. Opens switches to deenergize station circuitry and distribution lines preparatory to repairs by maintenance workers or linecrews. May control operation of attended station in absence of regular operator. May patrol power lines [ELECTRIC POWER LINE EXAMINER (utilities)]. When inspecting unattended substations, may be designated Substation Inspector, Automatic (utilities).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-010 AUXILIARY-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: pump-room operator

Controls and maintains auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, fans, compressors, filters, feedwater heaters, chlorinators, and condensers that supply water, fuel, lubricants, air, and auxiliary power for turbines, generators, boilers, and other power-generating plant facilities: Opens and closes valves and switches in prescribed sequence upon receipt of signal from TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities) 952.362-042 or POWER-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities) 952.382-018 to start or shut down auxiliary units. Reads temperature, pressure, and r.p.m. gauges to verify that units are operating at specified capacity, and listens for sounds from machinery that warn of mechanical malfunction. Replenishes electrolyte in batteries and oil in voltage transformers and resets tripped electric relays. Assists ELECTRICIAN, POWERHOUSE (utilities) 820.261-014 in making electrical repairs. Cleans and lubricates equipment and collects oil, water, and electrolyte samples for laboratory analysis to prevent equipment failure or deterioration. Tightens leaking glands and pipe joints and reports need for major equipment repairs to POWER-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities). When working in nuclear-powered generating station, may help transfer fissionable material between vehicles and storage area. May fire up and shut down automatically regulated boilers [FIRER, HIGH PRESSURE (any industry) 951.685-010].
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 80

952.362-014 FEEDER-SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities)

Operates switchboard to control distribution of electric power over feeder circuits between generating station and substations of electric power system: Selects and moves control switches as directed by LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities) to cut in and cut out feeder circuits. Observes control-board indicators to detect circuits automatically cut off due to line disturbances and turns controls to cut in spare feeder to carry load of cutoff circuit. Tags switches of feeders automatically cut off to warn next operator of defective lines. Records readings of meters indicating temperature of transformers and voltage and frequency of electricity in feeders.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

952.362-018 HYDROELECTRIC-STATION OPERATOR (utilities)

Controls electrical generating units and related mechanical and hydraulic equipment at hydroelectric-generating station: Operates switchboard and manually operated controls to control water wheels, generators, and auxiliary hydroelectric-generating station equipment and distribute power output among generating units, according to power demands [SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities)]. Operates feeder switchboard to control distribution of electric power over feeder circuits between generating station and substations [FEEDER-SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities)]. Records control-board meter and gauge readings, inspects operating equipment, and notifies HYDROELECTRIC-STATION OPERATOR, CHIEF (utilities) of conditions indicating abnormal equipment operation. May perform minor maintenance on equipment, such as replacing generator brushes, cleaning insulators, and lubricating machines.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-022 POWER-REACTOR OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: nuclear plant control operator; reactor operator

Controls nuclear reactor that produces steam for generation of electric power and coordinates operation of auxiliary equipment: Adjusts controls, under supervision, to start and shut down reactor and to regulate flux level, reactor period, coolant temperature, and rate of flow, control rod positions, and other control elements that affect power level within reactor, following standard instructions and prescribed practices. Dispatches orders and instructions to plant personnel through radiotelephone or intercommunication system to coordinate operation of such auxiliary equipment as pumps, compressors, switchgears, and water-treatment systems. May assist in preparing, transferring, loading, and unloading nuclear fuel elements. May be required to hold Nuclear Reactor Operator's license. May be required to hold Radiotelephone Operator's license. May control dual purpose reactors that produce plutonium and steam. May control operation of auxiliary equipment, such as turbines and generators [SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities); TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities)].
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-026 SUBSTATION OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: power-switchboard operator; receiving-distribution-station operator

Controls equipment, such as current converters, voltage transformers, and circuit breakers, that regulate flow of electricity through substation of electric power system and over distribution lines to consumers: Records readings of switchboard instruments to compile data concerning quantities of electric power used for substation operation and amounts distributed from station. Communicates with LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities) to report amount of electricity received into substation, and to receive switching instructions. Observes switchboard instruments to detect indications of line disturbances, such as grounded, shorted, or open circuits. Pulls circuit breaker switch or pushes buttons to interrupt flow of current in disturbed line preparatory to repair, and to connect alternate circuit to carry load of deenergized lines. Records temperature of transformers at specified intervals. May inspect equipment, such as transformers, pumps, fans, batteries, and circuit breakers to detect defects. May calculate average and peak load conditions from electric recording instrument data and compile periodic report of load variations for system planning purposes. May locate and replace defective fuses and switches, using test lamp and handtools. May be designated according to primary function of substation as Substation Operator, Conversion (utilities); Substation Operator, Distribution (r.r. trans.; utilities); Substation Operator, Transforming (utilities). May operate auxiliary generators and be designated Substation Operator, Generation (utilities). May control several remote-controlled substations from central station switchboard and be designated Substation Operator, Automatic (utilities).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-030 SUBSTATION OPERATOR APPRENTICE (utilities)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-034 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: generator-switchboard operator

Controls central switchboard in electric generating plant to distribute power output among generators according to generator capacity and power demands, and to regulate flow and distribution of power from generators to transmission power lines: Determines number of generators required to meet power demands according to load estimates received from LOAD DISPATCHER (utilities). Notifies TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities) to start additional generators when switchboard gauges indicate power demands are approaching capacity of operating generators. Observes synchroscope, voltmeters, and frequency indicators, and operates switchboard controls to synchronize speed of incoming generator with operating units, and to adjust generator output voltage and frequency to match output of operating generators. Closes switch to connect incoming generator to $T3bus bar$T1 at instant when synchroscope indicates generator is in phase with outgoing power lines. Operates switchboard controls to disconnect generators from bus bar as power demand decreases or when equipment malfunctions. Constantly observes switchboard meters and gauges to verify operating status of equipment. Compiles records of switching and generating operations. May operate switches to control distribution of power over feeder circuits between generating station and substations [FEEDER-SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities)]. May control automatic steam-generating boiler from switchboard during normal operations and direct other workers who shut down and repair equipment [BOILER OPERATOR (any industry)]. May start, shut down, and monitor operation of turbogenerators by remote control from central switchboard [TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities)]. May control feeder circuits that supply power to production or process equipment in industrial establishment which produces its own electric power.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-038 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (chemical) alternate titles: powerhouse attendant

Controls powerhouse equipment, such as converters, rectifiers, transformers, and generators, to direct, distribute, and maintain power to chemical processing equipment, according to demand: Moves switches on central control panel to regulate converters and rectifiers to convert alternating current or direct current and transmit it to electrolytic cell department, according to production demand. Observes demand meters, gauges, and recording instruments and moves controls to ensure efficient power utilization, equipment operation, and maintain power distribution, according to departmental demands. Monitors gauges, alarms, and oscilloscopes to detect and prevent damage to equipment and disruption of power. Records operational data, such as chart and meter readings, power demand and usage, malfunctions and repairs, and operating time. Cleans, lubricates, repairs, and adjusts equipment, using handtools. May turn valves to regulate pressure on lines drawing chlorine to electrolytic cells. When controlling specific equipment only, may be designated by unit as Motor-Generator-Set Operator (chemical); Rectifier Operator (chemical).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.362-042 TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: turbogenerator operator

Controls steam-driven turbogenerators in electric or nuclear power generating station: Starts or signals AUXILIARY-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (utilities) to start turbines and boiler auxiliary units. Adjusts throttle and vacuum-breaker valve to engage governor that regulates speed of turbines and notifies SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities) that turbine-driven generators can be synchronized with auxiliary units. Monitors panelboard to control operations of turbines to detect equipment malfunctions. Stops turbines when malfunctions occur, following operating instructions. Records instrument readings at specified intervals. May perform minor maintenance or equipment, using handtools. When controlling operation by remote control, may be designated Central-Control-Room Operator (utilities).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.364-010 TROUBLE SHOOTER I (utilities)

Performs variety of duties as assigned by DISPATCHER, SERVICE (utilities) in answer to trouble or service calls of electricity customers: Switches on or shuts off electricity to installed meters on order for resumption or discontinuance of service. Tests meters to determine absence or presence of current, using portable test lamp. Attaches and removes out-of-service tags for information of METER READER (utilities; waterworks). Attempts to locate source of lesser interruptions to service and makes minor repairs, such as replacing floor plugs, wall switches, or appliance cords. Reports major interruptions to service for repair by other workers. Notifies customer of malfunctioning appliances and advises customer to call electrician.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

952.367-010 LOAD CHECKER (utilities) alternate titles: demand inspector

Surveys electrical equipment and appliances used in industrial plants, commercial establishments, and private homes to compile data for purposes such as forecasting power demands, establishing rates, and improving service: Examines fixtures, appliances, and equipment, and records wattage required for their operation. Attaches meters to appliances and equipment and measures power consumption for specified period. May suggest changes in consumer's equipment to reduce electrical hazards, minimize power loss, and increase efficiency of electric power utilization. May perform minor repairs to meters, wiring, and appliances, using handtools.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

952.367-014 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR ASSISTANT (utilities) alternate titles: generating-substation-operator assistant; power-plant assistant; switchboard-operator helper

Compiles gauge readings and performs other tasks as directed by SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities) in electric-generating plant: Records gauge and meter readings on switchboard and panelboards at specified intervals. Opens and closes switches to regulate generation and flow of electric power. Cleans and oils mechanical and electrical equipment and reports malfunctions, such as meter fluctuations, abnormal sounds, and overheating. May assist in performing tests to diagnose and locate cause of equipment malfunction. May work in substation that distributes and generates electric power and be designated Substation Operator Helper, Generation (utilities).
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.381-010 SWITCH INSPECTOR (utilities)

Inspects and maintains automatic switches that turn street lights on and off: Climbs pole, using ladder or climbing spurs, and opens switchbox. Examines switch to detect such defects as burned contacts or faulty mercury tubes. Tests switch and circuit to locate short circuits or grounded wires, using test lamp. Repairs or replaces broken or defective parts, using handtools.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

952.382-010 DIESEL-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities)

Controls and maintains diesel-electric generating units to produce electric power for distribution or to supply electric power for plant equipment: Starts diesel engines and synchronizes generators with other power sources. Inspects equipment to detect malfunctions. Performs minor repairs and adjustments on equipment, using handtools. Records instrument readings in log. Issues switching orders to open, close, and tag electric circuits [SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR (utilities)].
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

952.382-014 POWER OPERATOR (tel. & tel.) alternate titles: telephone-plant power operator

Operates and maintains central-office equipment such as motors, generators, storage batteries, and motor-driven apparatus, used to furnish or transmit power for telephone or telegraph operation.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

952.382-018 POWER-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: power engineer; powerhouse engineer; power-plant engineer

Operates boilers, turbines, generators, and auxiliary equipment at generating plant to produce electricity: Monitors control board and regulates equipment, according to procedures and information obtained from recording and indicating instruments. Adjusts controls of water and cold feed systems, blowers, and igniters to start up or shut down boilers. Controls operation of boiler auxiliary equipment, such as water and vacuum pumps, coal driers and pulverizers, steam condensers, and soot blowers, to ensure efficient operation of boilers. Adjusts boiler controls to provide steam at specified temperature and pressure for turbine loads according to power demands. Adjusts controls to regulate speed, voltage, and phase of incoming turbines to coincide with voltage and phase of power being generated. Synchronizes incoming generating units with units in operation and closes circuit breaker at exact instant of coincidence. Monitors gauges to determine effect of generator load on related equipment, such as $T3bus bars$T1 and voltage regulators. Adjusts transformer controls to regulate flow of power between generating stations and substations. Operates switchgear to regulate and transfer power loads to protect maintenance workers engaged in repairing or cleaning equipment. Records malfunctions of equipment, instruments, or controls on logsheet.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

952.464-010 CABLE MAINTAINER (utilities)

Maintains pressure in oil-filled and gas-filled cables used to transmit high-voltage electricity: Computes amount of oil or gas required for given section of cable, using standard specifications. Pumps oil or gas into cable until specified pressure is attained. Installs relay (regulating devices) used to control pressure inside cables. Attaches temporary reservoirs to ends of cable to maintain pressure during installation of cable. Tests cables with manual pressure gauges. Reports cable sheath defects and joint failure for repair.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

952.567-010 TURBINE ATTENDANT (utilities)

Records meter and instrument readings, such as oil and steam temperature and pressure of hydro-electric turbines and related generators that produce electricity. Notifies STATIONARY-ENGINEER SUPERVISOR (any industry) when recording instruments indicate machine malfunctions. Cleans and lubricates equipment.
GOE: 05.09.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

952.665-010 LABORER, POWERHOUSE (utilities)

Performs any combination of following duties in power plants, such as electrical power companies, industrial plants, and central heating plants: Assists in control and maintenance of coal conveying equipment, using handtools and lubricating equipment. Shovels coal spillage onto conveyors. Takes samples of coal and carries samples to laboratory for analysis. Loads trucks or railcars with fly ash from dust collectors, using suction hose. Starts and stops pumps, opens and closes floodgates, and adjusts valves of ash sluice system. Sweeps, washes, cleans, and paints buildings, floors, and equipment. Assists in inspection, maintenance, and repair of rail tracks, ties, and roadbeds, using shovels, picks, sledgehammers, jacks, and cutting torches. Maintains roads, lawns, shrubs, and flowers, using power mowers and gardener's handtools. Drives, loads, and unloads trucks to transport personnel and equipment. Keeps logs on equipment and materials and submits production reports to supervisor.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

952.667-010 STREET-LIGHT CLEANER (utilities) alternate titles: arc trimmer; boulevard-glassware cleaner; boulevard-glassware replacer; carbon-lamp cleaner; lamp cleaner, street-light; street-light changer-and-renewer; street-light inspector

Patrols route to clean and replace street light globes and illuminators: Turns crank to lower street lights suspended from utility poles or stands in hydraulically operated tower-truck bucket to reach lamps installed on top of street light posts. Removes and cleans globe or diffuse (lens). Replaces defective illuminating elements, such as incandescent bulbs, fluorescent tubes, or carbon electrodes. Performs repairs, such as replacing corroded reflectors and connecting loose wires. Reports defects for repair by STREET-LIGHT SERVICER (utilities). May drive truck.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

952.687-010 HYDROELECTRIC-PLANT MAINTAINER (utilities) alternate titles: general utility worker

Performs grounds-keeping and plant maintenance tasks in hydroelectric generating station: Turns handwheel to open alternate water intake and to close clogged intake preparatory to cleaning water intake screens. Removes accumulated logs, weeds, fish, silt, and driftwood from screen or rack, using crab-hoist, rake, shovel, and water hose. Mows lawn, trims hedges, rakes and burns leaves and refuse, and shovels snow from driveways and sidewalks. Cleans and lubricates equipment. Assists in erecting scaffolds, and disassembling and moving heavy equipment.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

952.687-014 SUBSTATION-OPERATOR HELPER (utilities)

Assists SUBSTATION OPERATOR (utilities) in controlling flow of electricity through transmission lines, and in operation of equipment for converting direct current into alternating current: Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May record gauge and meter readings. May clean and lubricate auxiliary equipment, such as rotary converters, transformers, blowers, and circuit breakers.
GOE: 05.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953 OCCUPATIONS IN PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF GAS

This group includes occupations concerned with monitoring and controlling equipment to regulate volume and pressure of gas in city mains and distribution lines; purify, liquefy, store, and regasify natural gas.

953.132-010 SUPERVISOR, LIQUEFACTION-AND-REGASIFICATION (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation and maintenance of compressors, scrubbers, evaporators, and refrigeration equipment that liquefy and regasify natural gas: Directs LIQUEFACTION-AND-REGASIFICATION-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities) to initiate liquefaction and regasification of gas for storage and distribution. Directs GAS DISPATCHER (pipe lines; utilities) to release stored gas into distribution system according to supply and demand. Requisitions supplies and materials. Trains new personnel. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

953.137-010 GAS-PUMPING-STATION SUPERVISOR (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in providing adequate pressure on gas dispensed from gasholders. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

953.137-014 PRESSURE SUPERVISOR (utilities) alternate titles: pressure-control supervisor; regulation supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in controlling gas pressure and moisture condensate in mains of city gas-distribution system to meet consumer demands and state regulations: Analyzes hourly estimates of pressure required to meet consumer demands for gas, based on weather conditions, time of day, and customer contracts. Compares estimates with pressure chart readings and teletype reports of actual amount of gas consumed to determine pressure adjustments required. Notifies PRESSURE CONTROLLER (utilities) by telephone or teletype to adjust gas regulators at city gate and customer stations to control pressure. Directs DRIP PUMPER (pipe lines; utilities) in keeping mains free from condensate and in thawing frozen condensate from pipes and meters. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

953.137-018 SERVICE SUPERVISOR I (utilities) alternate titles: complaint supervisor; superintendent, service

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in installing, adjusting, testing, and removing gas meters, regulators, and appliances on customers' premises, and in resolving customers' complaints. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of installation or service as Industrial-Gas-Servicer Supervisor (utilities).
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

953.167-010 GAS DISPATCHER (pipe lines; utilities)

Coordinates flow of natural gas throughout distribution system of public utility or pipeline to ensure volume and pressure of gas required for consumers demands: Monitors telemetering panelboard to determine gas pressure and volume, and records instrument readings in log. Reviews correlating data, such as gas quality, pressure and temperature with variables affecting consumer demand, such as weather conditions and time of day to forecast load adjustments. Adjusts controls to regulate gas flow and pressure through system or telephones GAS-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR (any industry) to increase or decrease pressure in pipelines according to forecast. Directs GAS-PUMPING-STATION OPERATOR (utilities) to pump gas from holding station into distribution system and return according to supply and demand. Informs station personnel to regulate flow of gas from wells into system to maintain specified pressure and volume in pipelines. Records data, such as gas pressure and volume from outlying stations. Observes colorimeter to detect deviations in mixture of natural gas with manufactured gas according to specified Btu rating. Notifies mixing station personnel when deviations occur. May discontinue gas service to specified areas when emergencies or gas shortages exist.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

953.281-010 FIELD-MECHANICAL-METER TESTER (petrol. refin.; pipe lines; utilities) alternate titles: mechanical-meter tester; meter inspector

Installs, tests, and maintains mechanical metering, regulating, indicating, and testing instruments and equipment used in production and distribution of gas: Tests, installs, and maintains gas, steam, and water instruments and apparatus, such as meters, governors, calorimeters, flowmeters, and pyrometers used in gas generating plants, holders, and distribution lines [GAS-REGULATOR REPAIRER (petrol. refin.; pipe lines; utilities); INSTRUMENT MECHANIC (any industry)]. Installs, tests, and maintains mechanical testing equipment, such as gas $T3provers.$T1 Conducts physical tests on gas, steam, and water. Correlates test data, performs technical calculations, and writes reports.
GOE: 05.05.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

953.362-010 FUEL ATTENDANT (any industry)

Controls equipment to regulate flow and pressure of gas from mains to fuel feedlines of gas-fired boilers, furnaces, kilns, soaking pits, smelters, and related steam-generating or heating equipment in such establishments as power plants, steel mills, pottery works, chemical plants, and petroleum refining facilities: Opens valve on feedlines to supply adequate gas for fuel when boilers are to be put in operation and to maintain standard pressure on gaslines. Closes valve to reduce gas pressure when increase in gas consumption by boilers causes pressure to rise. Observes, records, and reports flow and pressure gauge readings on gas mains and fuel feedlines.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.362-014 LIQUEFACTION-AND-REGASIFICATION-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities)

Controls operation of compressors, scrubbers, evaporators, and refrigeration equipment to liquefy and regasify natural gas: Turns valves to admit flow of natural gas through scrubbers that remove harmful gases and water and starts compressors and refrigeration units that liquefy and transfer gas to storage tanks. Starts pumps and adjusts controls of auxiliary equipment to transfer liquid gas from storage tanks and to regulate temperature and pressure of units that regasify liquid gas into distribution lines. Signals workers engaged in tending auxiliary equipment, such as pumps and cooling towers. Repairs equipment, using handtools. May post meter and gauge readings in logbook.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

953.362-018 PRESSURE CONTROLLER (utilities)

Controls volume of gas in city distribution mains to ensure adequate gas supply according to consumer demand: Determines required governor adjustments to maintain specified gas pressure and volume according to consumer-demand estimates, based on weather conditions and time of day or night, or receives governor adjustment instructions from PRESSURE SUPERVISOR (utilities). Changes position or number of weights on balance lever or turns valves to adjust governors located at various regulating stations within city. Operates switchboard to adjust governors which are remotely controlled by electric telemetering equipment. May overhaul gas governors [GAS-REGULATOR REPAIRER (petrol. refin.; pipe lines; utilities)]. May change charts in recording meters [CHART CHANGER (clerical)]. May clean pits housing governors, using suction pump and shovel. May determine causes of abnormal pressure variances and make corrective recommendations, such as installation of pipe to relieve overloading.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

953.364-010 GAS-METER INSTALLER (utilities) alternate titles: gas fitter; meter installer

Installs residential-type gas meters and regulators in buildings, using handtools: Turns valve to adjust gas burners on appliances, using screwdriver. Inspects appliances to detect gas leaks, using portable testing device, and notifies customer of needed repair. Shuts off gas supply to installed meters, following instructions [CUSTOMER-SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE (tel. & tel.; utilities; waterworks)]. Removes meters from vacated or abandoned buildings. Prepares work orders indicating data, such as meter number, date, and location of installation.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

953.367-010 GAS-LEAK INSPECTOR (pipe lines; utilities) alternate titles: leak locator; maintenance inspector

Inspects underground and exposed gas pipelines and enclosed areas to detect and locate leaks, using testing instruments: Walks or rides along pipelines and observes terrain for evidence of leaks, such as decayed vegetation, gas odor, and water bubbles. Drives bar into ground at intervals near pipe, using sledgehammer, preparatory to testing subsurface for traces of gas. Inserts combustible-gas indicator-probe into hole and reads indicator to determine location of leak. Inspects exposed pipes in buildings, manholes, vaults, and valve boxes for leaks, using combustible indicator. Notifies maintenance department of location and condition of facilities inspected and tested. May make temporary repairs, using repair dope or gastight clamps. May drive vehicle equipped with detection devices to aid in locating leaks.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.367-014 GAS-METER CHECKER (utilities) alternate titles: meter-and-service-line inspector

Inspects gas service lines and meters on customers' premises to detect tampering or improper use of gas: Examines meter case and meter connections for signs of tampering or improper use. Pulls meter with both hands to determine if meter can be tilted, causing it to register slowly. Examines visible gas lines and pipe joints for irregular connections. Submits inspection reports to supervisory personnel.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.367-018 HOUSE-PIPING INSPECTOR (utilities)

Inspects and tests new gas-pipe installations in buildings to determine conformance to company and city requirements: Screws coupling into gasline to facilitate attachment of handpump testing set. Pumps air and reads gauge to determine specified amount of air pumped into gasline. Patches gauge to detect fall in pressure indicating leaks in gasline. Observes pressure gauge while joints are being tightened by coworkers to determine when leak has been detected and repaired. Tests joints with soap and water and observes bubble formation to detect leaks. Examines flue openings of gas-heating appliances to determine conformance to specifications. Notifies customer of needed repairs. Prepares inspection report. May inspect installations, such as gas mains, services (pipes from mains to residences), meters, and regulators and be designated Utility Inspector (utilities). May test for presence of subsurface gas to detect leaks in underground gaspipes [GAS-LEAK INSPECTOR (pipe lines; utilities)].
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.382-010 GAS-PUMPING-STATION OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: compressor-house operator; engineer, booster and exhauster; engineer, gas-pumping station; gas-substation operator

Controls operation of steam, gas, or electric-motor-driven compressor to maintain specified pressures on high and low pressure mains dispensing gas from gasholders: Observes pressure gauges to determine consumption rate variations and turns knobs or switches to regulate pressures. Opens valves to allow gas to flow into and out of compressors. Reads gas meters and records amount of gas received and dispensed from holders. May clean, lubricate, and adjust compressors, using handtools. May regulate gas governors to maintain specified pressure [PRESSURE CONTROLLER (utilities)].
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.387-010 CYLINDER INSPECTOR-AND-TESTER (chemical) alternate titles: cylinder tester; gas-cylinder inspector; hydrostatic tester

Inspects gas cylinders to detect surface defects and tests elasticity of cylinder walls: Removes valve from cylinder, using wrench or valve-removal machine Inspects exterior and interior of cylinder to detect dirt, rust scale, dents, and arc burns. Fills cylinder with water, seals cylinder and immerses cylinder in water-filled jacket, using chain hoist. Screws fittings and turns valve or starts pump to create pressure that expands cylinder wall. Compares pressure gauge or burette reading with specifications and segregates cylinders that exceed prescribed expansion limits. Stamps test data and company symbol on cylinder. Records test results, cylinder serial number, and test date. May weigh cylinder. May be designated according to size of cylinder inspected as Ton-Cylinder Inspector (chemical).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

953.583-010 DRIP PUMPER (pipe lines; utilities)

Drives tank truck equipped with suction pump to drain condensate from gas pipeline drips: Drives truck to drip location and connects hose from truck tank to drip valve. Measures condensate in tank with calibrated pole or reads tank meter. Opens pressure valve to force condensate into truck tank, or starts suction pump to draw out condensate when gas pressure is low. Records amount of condensate drawn at each drip location. May use hand-operated suction pump to drain condensate when truck is not equipped with automatic pump.
GOE: 05.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

953.584-010 HELPER, LIQUEFACTION-AND-REGASIFICATION (utilities)

Assists LIQUEFACTION-AND-REGASIFICATION-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities) in maintenance of equipment in natural gas plant: Observes operation of equipment to detect malfunctions and reports findings to maintenance personnel. Performs minor repairs, using handtools. Records instrument readings at specified intervals. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

953.667-010 GAS-LEAK INSPECTOR HELPER (pipe lines; utilities)

Assists GAS-LEAK INSPECTOR (pipe lines; utilities) in locating and detecting leaks in underground and exposed pipelines: Carries testing equipment and handtools to and from vehicle to test site. Places barricades and safety signs at test area and directs traffic to protect workers and public. Measures distances of leak from reference point, using rule or tape, and records data, such as instrument readings in survey report. Assists in performing temporary repairs, using handtools. May drive vehicle equipped with detection devices along inspection route. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

953.684-010 GAS-PUMPING-STATION HELPER (utilities)

Assists GAS-PUMPING-STATION OPERATOR (utilities) in maintenance of equipment in gasholder station: Carries handtools to and from work area. Inspects equipment to detect malfunctions, such as overheating and noisy compressor. Assists in repairing equipment, using handtools. May paint equipment to prevent corrosion. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

953.687-010 GAS-METER-INSTALLER HELPER (utilities)

Assists GAS-METER INSTALLER (utilities) to install residential-type gas meters and regulators in buildings: Carries handtools and meters to and from vehicle and work site. Disconnects meters or regulators, using handtools. Ignites gas appliances after meter installation. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

954 OCCUPATIONS IN FILTRATION, PURIFICATION, AND DISTRIBUTION OF WATER

This group includes occupations concerned with controlling treatment plant equipment to purify and clarify water, and to transfer, distribute, and regulate pressure and flow of water; controlling equipment to convey water in irrigation systems; and controlling gates and valves in aqueducts and dams to supply waterpower.

954.130-010 SUPERVISOR, PUMPING STATION (waterworks) alternate titles: water-plant-pump-operator supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating equipment, such as pumps, valves, turbines, and electric motors to transfer, distribute, and regulate pressure and flow of raw and processed water: Trains workers in operation and maintenance of equipment. Records data, such as reservoir water elevation, power consumption, and equipment and human resource utilization. Inspects equipment and requisitions supplies. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

954.132-010 SUPERVISOR, WATER TREATMENT PLANT (waterworks)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating and maintaining equipment in water treatment plant: Directs activities of workers engaged in filtering, chemically treating, pumping, and testing fresh and processed water in preparation for human or industrial use. Plans daily work schedule and assigns tasks to workers based upon priority of work and expertise of individual workers. Inspects equipment, such as filters, chlorine indicators, basins, filtered water basins, and pumps, to detect malfunctions. Directs workers in repair of equipment or reports need for repairs to designated authority. Maintains records on chemical usage and storage, equipment operation, and personnel attendance. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be required to meet licensing or certification standards established by regulatory agency concerned.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

954.362-010 DITCH RIDER (waterworks) alternate titles: canal tender; ditch tender; water tender; zanjero

Controls irrigation system to convey water to farms in assigned area, according to rights, or as instructed by WATER CONTROL SUPERVISOR (waterworks) or other officials, for irrigating fields and crops: Contacts water users to determine quantity of water needed, and time and duration of delivery. Computes and requisitions quantity of water required. Operates gates, checks, turnouts, and wasteways to regulate waterflow into canals and laterals (individual supply ditches). Measures or estimates diversions of water from canals and to water users, and calculates and records quantities delivered for use in computing charges to farmers. Patrols assigned area by foot, horseback, or motor vehicle to detect leaks, breaks, weak areas, or obstructions and damage to irrigation system. Removes debris and makes emergency repairs to banks, structures, gates, and canal roads. Fills holes and exterminates rodents. Writes reports and records daily deliveries, number of users, amount of water used, and other data required by law or company. May prepare reports on condition of system and equipment, and replacements or repairs needed. May supervise crew workers cleaning ditches, raising ditch banks, repairing concrete and wooden structures, erecting fences and gates, and other maintenance work after irrigating season has passed. May take annual crop census and make weed and other surveys. May patrol canal at night to determine that water is flowing in prescribed volume into users' ditches.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

954.367-010 WATER-SERVICE DISPATCHER (waterworks)

Dispatches service crews to repair water mains: Receives calls from consumers regarding pressure complaints, service requests, and leaks in mains. Dispatches service crew, using telephone or radio. Increases pumpage rate, conduit flow, and reservoir elevation. May keep log on dispatching activities.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

954.382-010 PUMP-STATION OPERATOR, WATERWORKS (waterworks) alternate titles: pumping-plant operator; water-plant-pump operator

Operates pumping equipment to transfer raw water to treatment plant, or distribute processed water to residential, commercial, and industrial establishments: Turns valves, pulls levers, and flips switches to operate and control turbine- or motor-driven pumps that transfer water from reservoir to treatment plant, or to transfer processed water to consumer establishments. Reads flowmeters and gauges to regulate equipment according to water consumption and demand. Inspects equipment to detect malfunctions, such as pump leaks or worn bearings. Repairs and lubricates equipment, using handtools. Records data, such as utilization of equipment, power consumption, and water output in log. May operate equipment to treat and process raw water [WATER-TREATMENT-PLANT OPERATOR (waterworks)]. May test water for chlorine content, alkalinity, acidity, or turbidity to determine potability of water, following color analysis standards. May operate hydroelectric equipment to generate power.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

954.382-014 WATER-TREATMENT-PLANT OPERATOR (waterworks) alternate titles: filter operator; purifying-plant operator; water-control-station engineer; water filterer; water purifier

Controls treatment plant machines and equipment to purify and clarify water for human consumption and for industrial use: Operates and controls electric motors, pumps, and valves to regulate flow of raw water into treating plant. Dumps specified amounts of chemicals, such as chlorine, ammonia, and lime into water or adjusts automatic devices that admit specified amounts of chemicals into tanks to disinfect, deodorize, and clarify water. Starts agitators to mix chemicals and allows impurities to settle to bottom of tank. Turns valves to regulate water through filter beds to remove impurities. Pumps purified water into water mains. Monitors panelboard and adjusts controls to regulate flow rates, loss of head pressure and water elevation, and distribution of water. Cleans tanks and filter beds, using backwashing (reverse flow of water). Repairs and lubricates machines and equipment, using handtools and power tools. Tests water samples to determine acidity, color, and impurities, using colorimeter, turbidimeter, and conductivity meter. Adds chemicals such, as alum into tanks to coagulate impurities and to reduce acidity. Records data, such as residual content of chemicals, water turbidity, and water pressure. May operate portable water-purification plant to supply drinking water.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 88

954.382-018 WATERSHED TENDER (waterworks) alternate titles: aqueduct-and-reservoir keeper; dam tender; needle-valve operator; reservoir caretaker

Controls equipment to regulate waterflow and water level in reservoirs: Turns valves and pulls levers to regulate waterflow through aqueduct and floodgates. Reads gauges and meters to control specified waterflow, water levels, and water pressure in reservoir. Records data, such as water level, turbidity, temperature, and flow rate. Lubricates and performs minor repairs to equipment, using handtools. Patrols area to detect property damage and to prevent trespassing. May tend heating apparatus to prevent freezing of valves and gates. May add chemicals to water to retard organic growth such as algae.
GOE: 05.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

954.385-010 BASIN OPERATOR (waterworks)

Tends and maintains desilting basin that removes silt from river water entering irrigation system: Reads dials and gauges to determine if equipment is operating according to specifications. Inspects sluice hoppers of clarifiers to detect clogged valves. Flushes valves to clear them. Inspects and repairs ventilating blowers, pumps, and corrosion protection system. Removes trash from slots of influent channels, using steel rake. Sluices sand and silt from ends of channels, using high-pressure hose. Lubricates machinery and gear boxes or clarifiers. Records equipment malfunctions and corrective actions taken. Cleans basin area, pilot houses, and equipment. Patrols dam area and compound to guard against fire, trespassing, or property damage.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

954.564-010 WATER-METER INSTALLER (waterworks)

Installs watermeters in consumer establishments, using handtools: Turns mainline valve to close waterflow through line. Disconnects water pipe and connects watermeter to outlet and inlet pipe unions, using wrench. Examines pipes to detect leaks and informs consumer to close faucets. Opens mainline valve to admit waterflow into building. Records meter readings [METER READER (utilities; waterworks)]. May install and repair water system pipes and accessories, using equipment such as pneumatic jackhammer and plumber's handtools.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

954.587-010 WATER-FILTER CLEANER (waterworks) alternate titles: laborer, filter plant; sand-cleaning-machine operator; water-filterer helper

Cleans water filter beds: Holds suction pipe to transfer sand and gravel from filter bed onto regrading screens. Washes and simultaneously screens sand and gravel to remove foreign particles and grade material according to size, using water hose. Turns handle to backwash (reverse waterflow) filter to remove chemical precipitates and impurities. Scrapes and removes dirt from side of filter bed, using metal scraper. Reverses action of suction pipe to return gravel and sand to filter bed. Records daily production. May clean and redistribute sand in filter bed, using sand cleaning machine. May lubricate and repair defective filtering equipment.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

955 OCCUPATIONS IN DISPOSAL OF REFUSE AND SEWAGE

This group includes occupations concerned with equipment to regulate flow of radioactive or sewage waste and sludge through pumps, conveyors, blowers, chlorinators, vacuum filters, and other decontaminating equipment; controlling equipment to burn garbage, refuse, and sludge cake; collecting garbage and refuse from homes and business establishments; and related activities such as street cleaning and snow removal. Includes occupations concerned with landfill operations. Occupations concerned with the transportation of garbage and trash to disposaal areas are found in Group 909.

955.130-010 SUPERVISORY WASTEWATER-TREATMENT-PLANT OPERATOR (sanitary ser.) alternate titles: sewage plant supervisor; solid waste facility supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating and maintaining equipment in wastewater (sewage) treatment and disposal facility: Directs activities of workers in power generating, grit removal, pump and blower, and sludge filtration departments. Tests sewage and water supply to prevent contamination, using chemicals and testing equipment. Inspects equipment, such as pumps, sediment tanks, filters, and chlorinators to detect malfunctions. Confers with engineering personnel and directs workers in repair and maintenance of machinery and equipment. May direct workers in maintenance of buildings and grounds. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

955.131-010 SUPERVISOR, INCINERATOR PLANT (sanitary ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of incinerator plant workers engaged in operation, maintenance, and repair of incinerator furnaces and auxiliary equipment, such as grates, fans, compressors, temperature controls, overhead electric cranes, and ventilating and hydraulic equipment: Directs activities of workers engaged in tasks such as weighing and unloading refuse trucks, moving rubbish to furnace hoppers, operating incinerator furnaces, repairing furnace refractory linings, and removing ashes. Assists workers in repairing facilities and equipment, applying knowledge of principles of combustion and safety procedures, and using handtools. Maintains personnel records. Trains workers in performance of duties and safety procedures. Inspects incinerator furnace and other equipment to detect need for maintenance and repair. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

955.133-010 SANITARY-LANDFILL SUPERVISOR (sanitary ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in landfill operations, utilizing knowledge of local, state, and federal laws regulating waste disposal: Directs operations, such as spreading and compacting solid waste and spraying insecticides to control insects and pests. May assist in selecting new sites according to community population. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

955.137-010 SNOW-REMOVING SUPERVISOR (government ser.)

Supervises removal of snow from thoroughfares and public places, such as airports, government buildings, and streets. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

955.167-010 DISPATCHER, RADIOACTIVE-WASTE-DISPOSAL (chemical)

Coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing and controlling flow of chemicals and radioactive waste through pipelines, storage tanks, and sampling areas: Reviews processing schedule to determine receiving and transferring priorities, and notifies workers of type and quantities for processing, destinations, pumping schedule, and operating procedures. Monitors panelboard to ensure temperatures, pressures, pH readings, and contamination content of waste chemicals conform with schedule and processing specifications. Recommends change of pumping rates and pressures that will ensure rate of flow of chemicals or radioactive waste follows specifications. Reviews reports to verify accuracy of amounts received, processed, transferred, or stored.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

955.222-010 INSTRUCTOR, WASTEWATER-TREATMENT PLANT (sanitary ser.)

Instructs wastewater treatment plant personnel in operation and maintenance of treatment plant facilities to improve efficiency and meet regulatory certification requirements: Trains personnel in operation and maintenance of treatment plant machines and equipment and demonstrates operation of machines and equipment. Instructs personnel in other procedures, such as selection of sampling sites, laboratory techniques, record keeping, safety measures, and care of lift stations. Administers tests and maintains records of students' progress. Assembles materials, schedules courses, and designs contents of courses to meet specific needs of plant personnel. Provides technical assistance to plant staff and serves as troubleshooter in solving problems in operations. Maintains examination records and coordinates training program with state certification program.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

955.362-010 WASTEWATER-TREATMENT-PLANT OPERATOR (sanitary ser.) alternate titles: disposal-plant operator; sewage-plant operator; utilities operator

Operates sewage treatment, sludge processing, and disposal equipment in wastewater (sewage) treatment plant to control flow and processing of sewage: Monitors control panels and adjusts valves and gates manually or by remote control to regulate flow of sewage. Observes variations in operating conditions and interprets meter and gauge readings and tests results to determine load requirements. Starts and stops pumps, engines, and generators to control flow of raw sewage through filtering, settling, aeration, and sludge digestion processes. Maintains log of operations and records meter and gauge readings. Gives directions to WASTEWATER-TREATMENT-PLANT ATTENDANTS (sanitary ser.) and SEWAGE-DISPOSAL WORKERS (sanitary ser.) in performing routine operations and maintenance. May collect sewage sample, using dipper or bottle and conduct laboratory tests, using testing equipment, such as colorimeter. May operate and maintain power generating equipment to provide steam and electricity for plant. May be designated according to specialized activity or stage in processing as Activated-Sludge Operator (sanitary ser.); Grit-Removal Operator (sanitary ser.); Pump-And-Blower Operator (sanitary ser.); Sludge-Control Operator (sanitary ser.); Sludge-Filtration Operator (sanitary ser.).
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

955.362-014 INCINERATOR OPERATOR II (sanitary ser.)

Controls operation of multiple-hearth incinerator furnaces and related equipment to burn sludge in wastewater treatment plant: Pushes buttons and turns valves to ignite burners, release combustion air, add fuel, control hearth dampers, set hearth temperatures, and set length of burning cycles. Observes meters and gauges on central control room panel to verify that flows, pressures, and temperatures are within specifications. Turns controls to make routine adjustments, following standard procedures. Notifies worker controlling sludge filter press to adjust feed rate of waste material into incinerator hopper to maintain incinerator efficiency. Opens hearth doors and observes operation of waste raking mechanism to verify that burned residue is swept to succeeding hearth. Periodically records specified meter and gauge readings on incinerator log. Calculates and records values for number of tons of waste material fed per hour and quantity of auxiliary fuel burned per ton of waste material, to document efficiency of incinerator operation. Monitors and adjusts controls of auxiliary equipment, such as exhaust emissions, scrubbers, and incinerator heat recovery unit, following prescribed procedures. Removes and cleans equipment parts, such as valves, burners, and oxygen analyzers, following manuals and using handtools.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

955.382-010 CLARIFYING-PLANT OPERATOR (textile)

Controls equipment to clean and neutralize waste bleach water preparatory to discharge into natural waterways: Starts pumps or opens valves to transfer waste bleach water from bleaching tanks to settling and mixing tanks. Tests water to determine acidity, using titration equipment, and calculates quantity of chemicals required to neutralize water. Opens valves to admit specified amount of chemicals into mixing tank and starts motor to mix chemicals with water. Starts pumps or opens valves to discharge water and accumulated sludge into waterway.
GOE: 06.02.16 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

955.382-014 WASTE-TREATMENT OPERATOR (chemical)

Controls heat exchange unit, pumps, compressors, and related equipment to decontaminate, neutralize, and dispose of radioactive waste liquids collected from chemical processing operations: Removes sample of liquid from collection tank, using pipette. Pours sample into dish and bakes dish under heat lamp to evaporate water, leaving radioactive residue. Tests residue with Geiger counter and compares reading with chart to determine whether radioactivity level is within prescribed safety limits. Determines degree of acidity or alkalinity in liquid, using pH meter, and adds acid or alkali to neutralize liquid. Starts pump and admits waste liquid into sewer for disposal or into storage tanks for evaporation, according to degree of radioactivity. Transfers radioactive waste liquid from storage tanks to heat exchange unit. Operates heat evaporation system to reduce volume of liquid, and observes gauges and adjusts controls during process to maintain steam pressure, temperature, and liquid at specified levels. Starts compressed-air pump to blow slurry on bottom of evaporator into lead container for permanent storage. Records data, such as number of gallons of waste pumped into sewer system or storage tanks, or reduced by heat exchange unit, and radioactivity levels. May monitor panelboard to control operation of recovery systems that store or dispose of radioactive waste and be designated Nuclear-Waste-Process Operator (any industry).
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

955.383-010 WASTE-DISPOSAL ATTENDANT (any industry)

Disposes of radioactive equipment and wastes, performing any combination of following duties: Loads contaminated equipment and lead pigs of waste material onto truck, using forklift. Drives truck to storage area and removes load. Shovels specified quantities of ingredients into and tends concrete mixer. Pours or shovels concrete into forms to make disposal coffins (containers). Lifts contaminated equipment or wastes from lead pigs and places them in coffin, using stainless steel rods. Pours concrete into coffin to encase waste. Loads coffins onto truck, using forklift, and transports them to burial ground or arranges for burial at sea. Records amount and type of equipment and waste disposed. May accompany coffins for burial at sea. May clean contaminated equipment for reuse by operating sand blasters, filtering pumps, and steam cleaners or by scrubbing with detergents or solvents. Workers must follow prescribed safety procedures and federal laws regulating waste disposal.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

955.463-010 SANITARY LANDFILL OPERATOR (sanitary ser.) alternate titles: solid waste facility operator

Performs any combination of following duties to dispose of solid waste materials at landfill site: Operates heavy equipment, such as bulldozer, front-end loader, and compactor, to excavate landfill site, transport solid waste materials, and to spread and compact layers of waste and earth cover. Directs incoming vehicles to dumping area. Examines cargo to prohibit disposal of caustic waste, according to government regulations. Sprays poisons and other specified chemicals over waste material to control disease carrying pests. Drives truck to distribute oil or water over landfill to control dust. Weighs vehicles entering and leaving site and collects dumping fees.
GOE: 05.11.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

955.585-010 WASTEWATER-TREATMENT-PLANT ATTENDANT (sanitary ser.) alternate titles: sewage-plant attendant

Tends pumps, conveyors, blowers, chlorinators, vacuum filters, and other equipment used to decontaminate wastewater (sewage) by settling, aeration, and sludge digestion: Removes obstructions, such as coarse materials from bar-screens, to accelerate influent through initial screening process. Adjusts pipe valves to regulate flow velocity through settling tanks to separate sludge by sedimentation. Turns air and steam valves to aerate effluent, and to control temperature in sludge digestion tanks. Observes temperature gauges to determine lubrication of equipment. Reads charts, flow meters, and gauges to detect equipment malfunctions. Collects samples, makes process reports, and performs minor repairs on equipment as directed by WASTEWATER-TREATMENT-PLANT OPERATOR (sanitary ser.). May be designated according to station assignments as Activated-Sludge Attendant (sanitary ser.); Grit Station Attendant (sanitary ser.); Pump-And-Blower Attendant (sanitary ser.); Sludge-Control Attendant (sanitary ser.); Sludge-Filtration Attendant (sanitary ser.).
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

955.667-010 INCINERATOR PLANT LABORER (sanitary ser.)

Signals GARBAGE COLLECTOR DRIVER (motor trans.) 905.663-010 to dump refuse in specific area of collection pit to maintain even distribution of refuse, using hand. Cleans spills from floor of receiving area, using rake, broom, and hose. Loads noncombustible material into containers and carries containers to pickup area for removal.
GOE: 05.12.20 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 86

955.685-010 INCINERATOR OPERATOR I (sanitary ser.)

Tends one or more incinerator furnaces that burn refuse, such as sludge, trash, and garbage: Pulls mechanism to release refuse from hopper into incinerator. Moves levers to ignite burners, to adjust blowers and dampers that regulate airflow and temperature, and to control charging, discharging, and quenching mechanisms of furnace. Opens furnace door and agitates burning refuse to facilitate combustion, using stoking hoe. Moves levers to open grate and drop ashes and noncombustible material from furnace at end of burning cycle. Replaces refractory linings of furnace, using firebrick and mortar. Cleans debris from furnace room floor, using rake and broom. May assist SUPERVISOR, INCINERATOR PLANT (sanitary ser.) 955.131-010 in maintenance and repair of cranes, conveyor equipment, and exhaust system, using handtools.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

955.687-010 SEWAGE-DISPOSAL WORKER (sanitary ser.)

Cleans and maintains equipment in sewage disposal plant to facilitate flow and treatment of sewage: Cleans filter screens, processing tanks, and walkways, using hose, brushes, and chemical solutions. Cleans precipitates, such as grit, sludge, trash, and muck from sump, catch basin and grit chamber, using shovel, rake, and hand pump. Lubricates equipment, such as pumps and valves. Opens and closes gates and valves according to gauge readings or warning lights on equipment. Collects samples of decontaminated refuse for testing. May conduct test on sewage sample, using colorimeter. May maintain grounds and outbuildings [GROUNDSKEEPER, INDUSTRIAL-COMMERCIAL (any industry)]. May be designated according to equipment cleaned as Catch-Basin Cleaner (sanitary ser.).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

955.687-014 SNOW SHOVELER (government ser.) alternate titles: snow remover

Shovels snow into truck or open sewer from streets and other public thoroughfares. Chops ice and packed snow, using pick or ice-chopper, to clear area around catch basins, fire hydrants, and street corners. May spread salt or thawing chemicals onto roadway from rear of moving truck, using shovel.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

955.687-018 STREET CLEANER (government ser.) alternate titles: street sweeper

Sweeps refuse from municipal streets, gutters, and sidewalks into pile and shovels refuse into movable container that is pushed from place to place. May pick up paper and similar rubbish from lawns, flower beds, or highway median strips, using spike-tipped stick.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

955.687-022 GARBAGE COLLECTOR (motor trans.)

Collects refuse on designated route within municipality and dumps refuse from containers onto truck. May be designated according to refuse collected as Trash Collector (motor trans.). May drive truck [GARBAGE COLLECTOR DRIVER (motor trans.)]. May start hoisting device that raises refuse bin attached to rear of truck and dumps contents into opening in enclosed truck body.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

956 OCCUPATIONS IN DISTRIBUTION OF STEAM

This group includes occupations concerned with maintenance and servicing of steam distribution systems.

956.267-010 INSPECTOR, CHIEF (utilities)

Inspects steam-heat systems in buildings served by steam utility company to determine effect of system modifications reported by BUILDING-EQUIPMENT INSPECTOR (utilities) on steam-metering equipment and billing rates and to determine cause of abnormal steam consumption or other evidence of system malfunction: Investigates changes made in equipment layout by customers and determines if changes affect metering equipment and rates. Determines causes for abnormal meter readings by inspecting customers' steam-utilization equipment and steam lines to detect malfunctioning, and makes minor repairs and adjustments or recommends major overhaul by other workers. Submits reports on special investigations.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

956.387-010 BUILDING-EQUIPMENT INSPECTOR (utilities)

Examines steam-heat systems and records steam-meter readings at regular intervals to verify accuracy of meter registration and to ensure economical service to customers of steam utility company: Examines steam-distribution equipment, such as meters, steam traps, safety valves, and pipes, for loose connections or other defects and makes minor repairs and adjustments. Notifies INSPECTOR, CHIEF (utilities) of necessary major repairs and of changes, such as installation of additional steam-utilization equipment or repositioning of pipes which might affect metering equipment or steam rates. Reads meters and compares readings with previous recordings to detect fluctuations indicative of meter or equipment defects. Submits meter readings for billing purposes and reports equipment status. May notify customer of equipment requiring repair.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

959 OCCUPATIONS IN PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF UTILITIES, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with power generation, utilities, and sanitation.

959.131-010 HEATING-PLANT SUPERINTENDENT (any industry) alternate titles: chief engineer

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing and distributing steam heat and hot water in commercial or industrial establishments, and in maintaining mechanical equipment, such as boilers, pipe systems, pump, hot water generators, hot air furnaces, and air-cooling units. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

959.137-010 DISPATCHER, CHIEF, SERVICE OR WORK (utilities)

Supervises and coordinates activities of DISPATCHERS, SERVICE OR WORK (utilities) and power line workers to increase efficiency of work crews and equipment in routine maintenance and emergencies, such as floods or fire: Assigns duties to workers according to priority of trouble calls received. Relays information and technical instructions between linecrews and appropriate department heads concerning power line troubles requiring action not covered by standard operating procedures. Verifies that all switching operations are accurately recorded and reported to ensure safety of linecrews. May supervise DISPATCHERS, SERVICE (utilities).
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

959.137-014 DISPATCHER, SERVICE, CHIEF (utilities) alternate titles: service-order dispatcher, chief

Supervises and coordinates activities of DISPATCHERS, SERVICE (utilities) engaged in receiving and reviewing service calls, performing duties as described under SUPERVISOR (clerical) Master Title. May make investigations and tabulations concerning trends, causes, and effects of factors necessitating service calls.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

959.137-018 ORDER DISPATCHER, CHIEF (utilities)

Coordinates and supervises activities of WORK-ORDER-SORTING CLERKS (utilities) engaged in routing and scheduling orders for installation and removal of gas meters and installation of main extensions and service connections. May direct service connection construction crews to areas or zones to equalize work loads. May assign trucks to transport crews to job sites. May order materials from storeroom. May maintain records and assist in preparation of reports.
GOE: 07.05.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

959.137-022 SUPERVISOR, HOME-ENERGY CONSULTANT (utilities) alternate titles: supervisor, energy conservation representative

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in performing domestic-energy-consumption audits for customers of public utilities: Confers with customers and utility representatives to determine customer needs, appointment times, availability of representatives, and scheduling conflicts. Reschedules energy audits accordingly. Reads federal program guidelines, journals, and related reports to ascertain federal program requirements and recent developments concerning energy conservation techniques. Attends energy seminars, staff meetings, and training sessions to assess effectiveness of energy audit program. Suggests to management changes in brochures, community workshops, or audit procedures to improve community acceptance. Prepares written reports that reflect assessment of program and submits them to management and department officials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

959.167-010 DISPATCHER, SERVICE (utilities) alternate titles: schedule clerk; trouble dispatcher

Dispatches customer service workers to install, service, and repair electric, gas, or steam powered systems or appliances, or cable television systems: Reviews work orders from departments or complaints from customers and records type and scope of service to be performed. Determines and schedules orders according to urgency. Contacts supply storekeeper to verify availability of parts and equipment to ensure scheduled work performance. Receives check in calls from service workers by radio, telephone, or in person. Informs workers of type and location of work to be performed and dispatches workers to job. Keeps records of repairs, installation, removal of equipment or appliances, and hours required on each job. May maintain records, using computer terminal. May be designated according to utility as Telegraphic-Service Dispatcher (tel. & tel.).
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 88

959.361-010 CUSTOMER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE (utilities) alternate titles: field inspector; special-gas-and-electric service investigator

Investigates customer complaints concerning gas leakage or low pressure, and abnormal consumption of gas or electricity by gas and electric appliances: Ascertains number and type of appliances used on premises to determine rate of utility consumption. Turns off appliances and observes gas or electric meter to detect power leakage. Examines meter and appliance connections for defects, such as shorts, grounds, and loose pipe joints to determine power loss or gas leakage. Covers gas pipe joints with soapsuds and watches for bubble formation to determine position of leak. Performs repairs and adjustments, such as cleaning and regulating gas burner jets, and replacing defective meters and gas regulators, using handtools. Shuts off service and notifies repair crew of major repairs required, such as replacement of underground pipes or electric wiring. May perform emergency repairs to gas service pipes between gas main and building. May collect delinquent accounts. May recommend and write specifications for distribution changes, such as house wiring, and relocation of poles or service lines, utilizing necessary right-of-way grants. May investigate illegal use of gas or electricity [GAS-METER CHECKER (utilities); UTILITIES SERVICE INVESTIGATOR (utilities)].
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

959.367-010 ELECTRIC POWER LINE EXAMINER (utilities)

Patrols overhead electric power lines and reports damaged or defective power line equipment and facilities: Patrols on foot, by automobile, boat, or other means of transportation to detect unsafe or defective power lines. Taps poles with hammer to detect rot or splits caused by weather conditions. Pulls guy wires and anchors to detect slack or looseness. Observes crossarms, insulators, transformers, switches, pole hardware, and overhead conductors, using binoculars, to detect evidence of deterioration, storm damage, and vandalism. Writes periodic report of observations. Climbs poles to examine equipment not observable from ground and makes minor repairs, such as tightening loose guy wires. Notifies trouble dispatching personnel by telephone or radio of necessary major repairs. May open and close switches as directed by supervisory personnel.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

959.367-014 FACILITY EXAMINER (tel. & tel.)

Examines telephone transmission facilities to determine equipment requirements for providing subscribers with new or additional telephone services: Climbs telephone poles or stands on truck-mounted boom to examine terminal boxes for available connections. Designates cables available for use. Visits subscribers' premises to arrange for new installations, such as telephone booths and telephone poles.
GOE: 05.05.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

959.367-018 ENERGY-CONSERVATION REPRESENTATIVE (utilities)

Inspects homes of utility company customers to identify conditions that cause energy waste and suggests actions to reduce waste: Interviews customer to obtain data relating to household energy use, such as type of heating system, number of persons home during day, furnace temperature setting, and prior heating costs. Draws sketch of house, measures house perimeter, windows, and doors, using tape measure, and records dimensions on sketch for use in heat-loss calculations. Inspects areas of house, such as attics, crawl spaces, and basements, and notes conditions that contribute to energy waste, such as loose-fitting windows, uninsulated pipes, and deficient insulation. Reads hot water tank label to ascertain tank heat-loss rating and determine need for tank insulation blanket. Examines furnace air filters and heat exchanger to detect dirt in filters and soot buildup in exchanger that retard efficient furnace operation. Confers with customer and recommends action to be taken to reduce energy waste, such as weatherstripping, reducing hot water temperature setting, and adding insulation. Informs customer of types and prices of energy efficiency items sold by utility. Gives customer pamphlets describing energy conservation improvements and sources of loans. Occasionally wraps insulating blanket around hot water tank, using adhesive strips. Calculates area of windows and house volume, using calculator, and records results on computer input form to provide data for computer calculation of heat-loss estimates that are mailed to customer.
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

959.574-010 SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE (utilities; waterworks)

Discontinues or connects service to consumer's establishment, following written or oral instructions: Locates curb cock (valve) at customer's establishment and turns valve to shut off or to permit flow of gas or water, using handtools. Records meter readings [METER READER (utilities; waterworks)]. Investigates consumer complaints of high service cost. Inspects meters, valves, and pipes to detect defects, such as leaks or malfunctioning meters, using testing equipment. Tightens pipe connections to prevent leaks, using wrench. Recommends necessary repairs to consumer. May collect delinquent accounts. May install meters [WATER-METER INSTALLER (waterworks); GAS-METER INSTALLER (utilities)].
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

959.684-010 POLE FRAMER (utilities; wood prod., nec) alternate titles: line-and-frame poler

Cuts notches for crossarms and installs step sockets in telephone, telegraph, and electric-power transmission poles: Sights down pole to determine straightest side so that poles will line up evenly when erected. Saws tip of pole to point with chain saw. Saws two parallel cuts at specified place on pole and cuts out wood between cuts with adz to make crossarm notch. Drills bolthole through pole at center of crossarm notch, using electric drill. Measures intervals for step sockets on opposite sides of pole. Drills holes and drives step sockets in place with small ax. Loads and unloads poles from railroad cars or truck, using rope, skids, and cant hook.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

96 AMUSEMENT, RECREATION, MOTION PICTURE, RADIO AND TELEVISION OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This division includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with projecting images on screens; posing for painters and photographers, and standing-in for actors and actresses; erecting, raising, and lowering scenery and positioning microphones and other equipment on sets and stages; creating and editing sound effects; monitoring and controlling equipment in radio and television broadcasting studios to regulate sound and picture quality; adjusting lights; supplying properties; and preparing ice for skating rinks.

960 MOTION PICTURE PROJECTIONISTS

This group includes occupations concerned with operating motion-picture projectors and related equipment to provide motion-picture entertainment or for other viewing purposes.

960.132-010 CHIEF PROJECTIONIST (motion picture)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in projecting motion picture film in motion picture studio: Trains workers in methods and techniques of operating projectors. Observes workers and projection operations to verify conformance with established operating procedures. Requisitions supplies and materials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

960.362-010 MOTION-PICTURE PROJECTIONIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture) alternate titles: audiovisual equipment operator; process projectionist; projectionist; theater projectionist

Sets up and operates motion picture projection and sound-reproducing equipment to produce coordinated effects on screen: Inserts film into top magazine reel of projector. Threads film through picture aperture of projector, around pressure rollers, sprocket wheels, and sound drum or magnetic sound pickup on film, and onto spool that automatically takes up film slack. Regulates projection light and adjusts sound-reproducing equipment. Monitors operation of machines and transfers operation from one machine to another without interrupting flow of action on screen. Rewinds broken end of film onto reels by hand to minimize loss of time. Inspects and rewinds projected films for another showing. Repairs faulty sections of film. Operates stereopticon (magic lantern) or other special-effects equipment to project picture slides on screen. Cleans lenses, oils equipment, and makes minor repairs and adjustments.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 80

960.382-010 AUDIOVISUAL TECHNICIAN (any industry) alternate titles: audiovisual-equipment operator; projectionist

Operates audiovisual or sound-reproducing equipment to provide or complement educational or public service programs offered by institutions, such as museums, zoos, or libraries: Operates motion picture projecting equipment to show films in auditorium or lecture hall for entertainment or enlightenment of visitors to institution. Operates film, slide, video, audio tape, or turntable equipment to project or produce still or moving pictures, background music, oral commentary, or sound effects to illustrate, clarify, or enhance impact of presentation by TEACHER (museums) 099.227-038. Coordinates equipment operation with material presented, according to notations in script or instructions of speaker. Maintains equipment in working condition. Makes minor adjustments and repairs to equipment, and notifies maintenance personnel when correction of major malfunction is required. Positions, installs, and connects equipment, such as microphones, amplifiers, and lights.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

961 MODELS, STAND-INS, AND EXTRAS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with posing for painters and photographers; and standing-in for actors and actresses and appearing as extras in motion picture and television productions. Fashion models in garment industry, and in retail and wholesale trade are included in Group 297.

961.364-010 DOUBLE (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Portrays image of star performer, facing away from camera or at long range, for motion-picture or television films: Imitates gestures and mannerisms of star performer, such as in standing, walking, climbing stairs, and mounting or riding horse. Dresses in same costume as person portrayed. May be designated according to type of work performed as Photographic Double (amuse. & rec.); Riding Double (amuse. & rec.).
GOE: 01.08.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

961.367-010 MODEL, PHOTOGRAPHERS' (any industry)

Poses for pictures taken by PHOTOGRAPHER, STILL (profess. & kin.) to be used for advertising purposes: Applies special makeup to face and styles hair to enhance appearance, considering factors, such as color, camera techniques, and facial features. Poses as directed or strikes suitable interpretive poses for promoting and selling merchandise or fashions. May specialize in one category of modeling, such as high fashion, illustration, or art. May specialize in modeling one part of body, such as hands, legs, or face.
GOE: 01.08.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

961.667-010 MODEL, ARTISTS' (any industry)

Poses as subject for paintings, sculptures, and other types of art for translation into plastic or pictorial values by PAINTER (profess. & kin.) or SCULPTOR (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.08.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

961.667-014 STAND-IN (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Substitutes for star performer to achieve desired angle, lighting effects, and background for motion picture or television scene preliminary to taking picture. Must have same general proportions, complexion, and other physical characteristics as person for whom worker is stand-in.
GOE: 01.08.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

962 OCCUPATIONS IN MOTION PICTURE, TELEVISION, AND THEATRICAL PRODUCTIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with erecting, raising, and lowering scenery, and positioning microphones and other equipment on sets, television studios, and outdoor locations; adjusting and controlling lighting to achieve desired camera effects; creating and editing sound and visual effects; installing rigging for acrobats and related entertainers; supplying properties, such as costumes and props; and controlling equipment to regulate sound and picture quality in motion pictures, radio, television, theatrical, and related productions. Occupations concerned with cutting and splicing of film and videotape are included in Group 976.

962.132-010 SUPERVISING FILM-OR-VIDEOTAPE EDITOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in editing and assembling filmed scenes photographed by others: Reviews edited and assembled film on screen or edited videotape on monitor, to detect errors. Studies script and confers with producers and directors concerning layout or editing techniques to increase dramatic or entertainment value of production. Trims film segments to specified lengths and assembles segments in sequence that presents story with maximum effect, or edits videotape to correct errors, using editing equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May operate studio or portable, shoulder-mounted camera [CAMERA OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 143.062-022]. May be designated according to specialty as Supervising Editor, Feature (motion picture; radio-tv broad.); Supervising Editor, News Reel (radio-tv broad.); Supervising Editor, Trailer (motion picture; radio-tv broad.).
GOE: 01.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

962.134-010 RECORDIST, CHIEF (motion picture) alternate titles: operative supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in servicing and operating recording machines, power supply units, and allied equipment: Assigns workers to test and repair defective equipment. Reads production schedule to ascertain recording machines to be used and informs workers. Places sound film sections under microscope of densitometer and records densitometer readings on test forms to determine density of film. Examines film under microscope to determine width of noise reduction line on film, and records readings. Reads instructions to determine amount of current to be used on exposure lamp of each film recording machine, and what adjustments are necessary. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.137-010 GRIP BOSS (motion picture) alternate titles: supervisor, grips

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in rigging and dismantling equipment, maintaining buildings and grounds, sewing material to make tents, backing, and scrim, and operating cranes, booms, or dollies to move cameras in motion picture studio or on location: Reads script and confers with DIRECTOR, MOTION PICTURE (motion picture) and DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) to determine type equipment needed. Requisitions supplies and equipment. Plans schedule to coordinate activities of construction, sewing room, and production workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

962.137-018 SUPERVISOR, COSTUMING (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in storing, altering, making, renting, and buying costumes and other wardrobe accessories for cast: Confers with DIRECTOR, MOTION PICTURE (motion picture) or PRODUCER (radio-tv broad.), and studies script and research material to determine style of dress according to period and characters to be represented. May sketch and design costumes. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.137-022 SUPERVISOR, PROP-MAKING (motion picture)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fabricating, installing, and operating props and special effects equipment in studio or on location, according to script specifications or oral instructions. May be designated according to workers supervised as Supervisor, Drapery Hanging (motion picture); Supervisor, Special Effects (motion picture); Supervisor, Stage Carpentry (motion picture); Supervisor, Upholstering (motion picture). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

962.137-026 SUPERVISOR, PROPERTIES (motion picture)

Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in obtaining, moving, and fabricating props used in motion pictures: Reads script and confers with DIRECTOR, MOTION PICTURE (motion picture) to determine prop requirements for designated scenes. Assigns personnel to fabricate props, to obtain prefabricated props from inventory, or to buy or rent props from outside sources. Assumes responsibility for safekeeping and placement of props on sets during shooting of scenes. Instructs GRIP (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) to remove and store props at completion of shooting. May decorate sets.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

962.162-010 DIRECTOR, TECHNICAL (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: switching operator

Coordinates activities of radio or television studio and control-room personnel to ensure technical quality of picture and sound for programs originating in studio or from remote pickup points: Plans and arranges for special effects requested by supervisory personnel. Assigns work to technical personnel engaged in controlling and maintaining lights, audio and video control equipment, microphones, and cameras. Observes picture through monitor and gives instruction to VIDEO OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) 194.282-010 concerning shading or CAMERA OPERATOR, TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.) 143.062-022 concerning composition desired. Controls switcher-mixer unit to switch cameras, fade from one picture to another, or superimpose one image upon another as indicated by script or as cued by DIRECTOR, PROGRAM (radio-tv broad.) 184.167-030.
GOE: 05.02.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

962.167-010 MANAGER, SOUND EFFECTS (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: sound-effects supervisor

Coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing and producing sound effects for radio, film, and video tape productions: Assigns duties to SOUND-EFFECTS TECHNICIAN (radio-tv broad.) and other studio personnel engaged in producing sound effects for various productions. Consults with production management personnel, DIRECTOR, RADIO (radio-tv broad.) or SOUND CUTTER (motion picture), and SCREEN WRITERS (motion picture; radio-tv broad.), to determine special sound effects required for production presentation.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.167-014 PROGRAM ASSISTANT (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: associate director; production assistant; production coordinator; stage manager

Performs any combination of following or similar duties as directed by DIRECTOR, PROGRAM (radio-tv broad.) 184.167-030 or PRODUCER (radio-tv broad.) 159.117-010 in rehearsal and broadcast of television programs: Distributes copies of script and arranges for rehearsal quarters. Prepares and distributes rehearsal call sheets. Lays out acting areas on stage floor, using tape and following floor plan. Times scenes during rehearsal and calculates overall program timing. Contacts guest and members of cast to verify that makeup has been applied. Verifies that specified films, slides, titles cards, and similar items are ready for broadcast. Directs personnel in rehearsal and broadcast of sign-ons and sign-offs, station breaks, film feature programs, and other programs composed of non-live video elements. Notifies various departments of changes in daily operation schedules. Oversees distribution of studio equipment, such as scenery, cameras, and microphones. Transmits instructions received over telephone headset to performers and others on set, orally or using body gestures. Prepares report of daily on-air activities. May direct production of sound effects. May prepare rehearsal call sheets, reports, daily on-air activity report, memos, or scripts, using computer.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

962.167-018 PROPERTY COORDINATOR (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

Provides stage properties for theatrical production: Purchases or rents properties from merchants and museums or obtains properties from theater or warehouse. Arranges with PROP MAKER (amuse. & rec.; motion picture) for construction of period furniture and properties. Arranges properties on stage for each scene. Clears or directs clearing of properties from stage at conclusion of each scene. Performs minor repairs on props, using handtools. Cleans props or sends to property shop for maintenance. Keeps record of purchases and submits bill and purchase order to designated authority. When accompanying show on tour, packs and unpacks properties. May arrange for transportation of properties.
GOE: 05.02.06 STRENGTH: V GED: R4 M1 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.261-010 PLANETARIUM TECHNICIAN (museums) alternate titles: astro-technician; technical specialist

Installs, modifies, operates, and maintains sound and projection equipment used in presentation of planetarium classes and shows: Consults with personnel who plan classes and shows to determine feasibility of achieving specified effects, modifications in equipment necessary to create desired effects, and additional equipment or properties to be incorporated into technical equipment layout. Modifies projectors, electro-optic equipment, console controls, and auxiliary instruments, following script or lecture outline, to adjust equipment for producing desired visual effects, basing modifications on knowledge of equipment capabilities, and using handtools, precision instruments, and circuitry diagrams. Selects tapes of musical compositions from planetarium files and records portions of each, as designated in script, to produce tape recording with musical background. Modifies sound system to permit synchronization of recorded commentary and background music with visual presentation. Installs special effect properties, such as models of space ships or slides of ancient interpretations of constellations, in designated positions in dome of theater, and secures properties to control wires or machinery to facilitate manipulation of properties according to script or lecture outline, using handtools. Operates electro-optic, audio, and auxiliary equipment to present show or to complement presentation of class lectures. Repairs and maintains equipment, using handtools and precision calibrating and testing instruments, applying knowledge of electronic circuitry and electro-optics, and following manufacturer's maintenance instructions and diagrams. Constructs and installs permanent or temporary displays, incorporating electromechanical or electronic components, in planetarium's exhibit area.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

962.261-014 STAGE TECHNICIAN (amuse. & rec.)

Installs rigging, lighting, sound equipment, and scenery, and erects stages for theatrical, musical, and other entertainment events in arenas, stadiums, theaters, studios, and other amusement places: Reads stage layout specifications and blueprints and confers with MANAGER, STAGE (amuse. & rec.) 159.167-018 to determine type and location of sets, props, scenery, lighting, and sound equipment required for specific event. Assembles props provided by production company, constructs additional props, scenery, or stages, and attaches braces that support scenery frames in upright position, using carpenter's handtools and power tools. Climbs ladder or scaffolding to ceiling grid, crawls and balances on beams, inserts ends of cables or ropes through ceiling grid, and attaches cables to scenery, curtains, equipment, support pipes, and counterbalance weights [GRIP (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.) 962.684-014]. Positions lighting fixtures on and around stage area, clamps light fixtures to supports, connects electrical wiring from fixtures to power source and control panel [LIGHTING-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) 962.381-014], positions sound equipment, such as microphones, speakers, and amplifiers, on and around stage area, and connects electrical lines to power source and mixing console [PUBLIC-ADDRESS SERVICER (any industry) 823.261-010], utilizing knowledge of electrical codes and use of electrician's handtools and power tools. Pulls cables that raise and lower scenery, curtains, and equipment [FLYER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.) 962.687-018] and operates lighting and sound equipment during rehearsals and performances, following audio or visual cues.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

962.262-010 FILM OR VIDEOTAPE EDITOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: cutter

Edits motion picture film, television or cable television video tape, and sound tracks: Evaluates and selects scenes in terms of dramatic and entertainment value and story continuity. Trims film segments to specified lengths and reassembles segments in sequence that presents story with maximum effect, or edits video tape, using editing equipment. Reviews assembled film or edited video tape on screen or monitor and makes corrections. Confers with supervisory personnel and others concerning filming of scenes. May specialize in particular field of film or video editing, such as feature, news, sound, sound effects, or music.
GOE: 01.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

962.267-010 SIGHT-EFFECTS SPECIALIST (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: electrician, master

Provides special stage lighting and sight effects for theatrical performances and directs electrical crew engaged in installing and arranging lighting and wiring equipment: Studies work drawings of stage sets showing light details. Confers with producing personnel and studies continuity script to determine lighting of sets and special sight effects desired. Suggests changes and orders special mechanical stage contrivances to obtain mobile or stationary sight effects, such as forests burning, oceans rolling, or other scenic effects. Attaches stereopticon lens on lamp and operates lamp from rear of stage to project pictures of desired effects on scrim (transparent curtain), following cue sheet. Directs crew in setting up and arranging electrical equipment and lights for use on stage and in theater. May originate designs for artistic lighting of sets.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

962.281-010 PROP MAKER (amuse. & rec.; motion picture)

Fabricates and assembles props, miniatures, and sets for motion pictures and theatrical productions from a variety of materials, using handtools and woodworking and metalworking machines and equipment: Analyzes sketches, blueprints, and verbal instructions to determine type props and other materials needed and equipment required. Measures and marks cutting lines on material, using work aids, such as jigs and fixtures, micrometers, calipers, and templates. Fabricates parts, using machinery, such as drill press, metal and wood lathes, power saws, router, and milling machine. Assembles parts into props, miniatures, and sets, using handtools and equipment, such as screwdrivers, wrenches, hammers, and welding apparatus. Rigs and controls moving or functioning elements of sets that depict action.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.281-014 SOUND-EFFECTS TECHNICIAN (radio-tv broad.)

Produces artificial sounds that are transmitted and synchronized with production being presented to simulate aural impression of action being broadcasted to listener or viewer. Reproduces recorded sounds from previously prepared phonograph records or tape.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.281-018 SPECIAL EFFECTS SPECIALIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Fabricates, installs, and activates equipment to produce special effects, such as rain, snow, explosions, and other mechanical and electrical effects as required by script for television, motion picture, and theatrical productions: Reads script to determine type of special effects required. Mixes chemicals to produce special effects, following standard formulas. Constructs towers and similar objects used in making effects, using handtools and machine tools. Fabricates parts for special effects from materials, such as wood, metal, plaster, and clay, using handtools and power tools. Installs special effects, using handtools.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.361-010 OPTICAL-EFFECTS LAYOUT PERSON (motion picture) alternate titles: assistant camera operator; optical-effects-line-up person; plotter

Locates and marks frames of motion picture film to identify film segments for optical effects processing: Reads work order or optical effects specifications sheets to ascertain optical effects specifications and location of subject material on original photography film. Mounts single or multiple rolls of film on spindles of winding device, locates marked start frame of film, and aligns start frame in start position of synchronizer-counter device to locate and identify film frames specified for optical effects. Turns crank on winding device to advance film and observes film passing over viewing light box to detect damage or unclean condition. Cleans film using cleaning solutions and velvet cloth. Repairs minor damage, such as torn sprocket holes, using tape. Periodically stops film when viewing more than one roll simultaneously and compares numbers printed on film edges to ensure synchronization of films. Stops film when counter reading matches number indicated on work order for start of first optical effect. Reviews subject matter within film frame and compares to description on work order to ensure match when work order does not include reference numbers. Marks reference frame of film, using film notcher, tape, or other marking device to indicate optical effect starting point. Marks symbols and numbers on film edge or leader to indicate type of effect and length. Advances film to additional reference frames indicated, and marks designated frames to show reference points within individual optical effects. Prepares count sheet indicating position, length, and type of optical effects required for films which do not have prepared specification sheets. Splices strips of leader material to film, and assembles designated segments of film in specified relationship, using splicing device. May confer with clients regarding optical effects requirements and production problems. May determine artwork requirements and requisition artwork. May review and approve finished optical effects. May load and unload film from camera magazine, and mount and remove magazines from camera. May change subtitle cards when filming subtitles.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

962.362-010 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN (education)

Performs a variety of duties involved in producing motion picture film in audio-visual department of educational institution: Selects areas and locations for filming motion pictures according to specifications. Sets up lighting equipment. Selects picture and sound takes to conform film to script. Assists in designing and building sets for film production. Requisitions props. Edits and splices motion picture film. Operates projectors, video tape recorders, and sound recording equipment to inspect and preview film for clients. Packages and ships film.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.362-014 LIGHT TECHNICIAN (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: operator, lights; set electrician, assistant chief

Sets up and controls lighting equipment for television broadcast or motion picture production: Confers with directors and studies script to determine lighting effects required. Sets up spot, flood, incandescent, and mercury vapor lights, reflectors, and other equipment. Switches lights on during broadcast, following script or instructions from directors. Makes minor repairs, such as replacing broken cables on equipment. May lead and give directions to workers while performing same duties.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 87

962.381-010 DRAPER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Lays out patterns and cuts fabrics to make drapes, curtains, and items, such as banners, flags, bunting, pennants, and tapestries, for motion-picture or television sets, and hangs items on set: Measures windows or wall areas to be covered and lays out dimensions on fabrics, following specifications. Cuts fabrics and routes cut articles to sewing shop to be sewn. Installs brackets, rods, and similar mountings on sets, using screws, handtools, and power drills, and hangs draperies or other items on mountings.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.381-014 LIGHTING-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: electrician, front

Controls lighting equipment, such as floodlamps, strip lights, and spotlights from projection room and front or backstage areas of theater to cast spotlight on stage performers: Places spotlights in specified locations in theater and connects wiring for lighting. Moves spotlight to follow movements of performers with beam of light, according to instructions on prepared cue sheet. Turns color wheel, causing light to be diffused through varicolored gelatin disks to change color of light. Cleans and adjusts light, replacing carbons or bulbs as needed. May insert varicolored gelatin sheets in frame to assemble color wheel.
GOE: 05.12.16 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.381-018 MINIATURE-SET CONSTRUCTOR (motion picture) alternate titles: miniature-set builder; model-set artist; set-model builder

Constructs miniature models of motion picture sets used in filming backgrounds, titles, and special effects according to scale. Cuts materials, such as wood, cardboard, or plastic to specified dimensions, using handtools. Fits and glues or tacks cutouts to form three-dimensional set pieces. Builds landscapes, using plaster of paris or modeling clay to represent trees and bushes. Trims and paints completed miniature set.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.382-010 RECORDIST (motion picture)

Controls equipment to record sound originating on motion-picture set, using magnetic film, optical film, and acetate disk recording equipment: Tests and sets up recording mechanism according to specifications. Starts recorder and synchronizes sound with film. Observes operation to ensure that sound is properly recorded. May be designated according to equipment used as Disk Recordist (motion picture); Film Recordist (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.382-014 SOUND CUTTER (motion picture) alternate titles: editing-machine operator; editor, sound

Edits and synchronizes music, dialogue, and sound effects of motion picture film and video tape into single sound-print for film or video-tape production: Loads combination sound-and-picture reproducing machine with picture and sound-track films and video tape. Starts machine, views action through aperture, and listens to sound being reproduced, using earphones. Notes dupe sheet for sound effects to accompany or punctuate action. Determines that sound matches picture or dupe sheet indicates sound-effect insertion. Stops machine at such points and marks symbol on film with grease pencil or notches symbol on video tape, using electronic device. Rewinds prints onto reels by reversing action of machine. Sets reels on rewinder, turns handle until both sound and picture are unwound to points marked by symbol, and splices sound effect into sound print.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.384-010 MICROPHONE-BOOM OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: boom operator

Moves levers on adjustable boom to position microphone in proximity of performers during filming of motion picture or television broadcasts: Attaches microphone to rubber supports at end of boom and places preamplifier in container attached to boom as directed by SOUND MIXER (motion picture; recording; radio-tv broad.) 194.262-018. Connects microphone wires to preamplifier and preamplifier wires to sound mixing apparatus. Positions microphone so as not to cast shadows or come in view of camera. Moves boom according to script and position of performers.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

962.664-010 HIGH RIGGER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

Installs rigging to raise, lower, or support equipment, such as scenery, lighting equipment, ladders, and nets for theatrical performances on stage or television studio: Climbs ladders, poles, or scaffolding to determine position for rigging and connects, hangs, or attaches cables, ropes, and blocks (pulley) across loft area of stage. Tests rigging to ensure that it is workable. Erects high ladders for acrobatic performances by connecting successive short lengths of ladder to top of erected portion, using clamps, wrenches, and hammers. Installs motors used to move curtains and track on which scenery and curtains move, using handtools and power tools.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.664-014 RECORDING STUDIO SET-UP WORKER (recording)

Arranges sound recording equipment in studio preparatory to recording session following work order specifications: Reads work order to determine position of equipment and arranges equipment, such as consoles, isolation booths, microphones, tape machines, amplifiers, music stands, and musical instruments, by hand or using handtrucks and dollies. Connects equipment electrical lines to outlets according to oral or written instructions. Dismantles equipment subsequent to recording session and returns items to storage. Maintains storage area and assists in maintaining tape library.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

962.665-010 DUBBING-MACHINE OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Tends film or magnetic tape dubbing machines that play back recordings of music, dialogue, or sound effects to facilitate synchronization of sound motion-picture film action by RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.): Loads reels of film or tape onto machine and passes lead-end over and around sprockets, wheels, tension rollers, and magnetic tape head or over photo-electric cell apertures. Starts machines, unwinds film or tape, and stops machine when mark on tape or film indicates beginning of sound. Switches machine to automatic for control by RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.). Informs RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) that machines are loaded and ready for playback. Removes reels when recordings are finished and rewinds tape or film onto original reel.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

962.684-010 ACROBATIC RIGGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: rigger

Erects equipment for aerial and acrobatic acts in shows, such as circus, variety show, and carnivals, working as member of crew: Drills holes in floor of stage or platform, using electric drill, and fastens metal floor plates to hold vertical steel rods. Screws steel rods to holding plates and stretches wire or rope between rods, using handtools. Climbs ladder to attach ropes, swinging trapeze, and other rigging to ceiling area. Fastens rigging and pulleys to hooks or poles in ceiling. Erects net under aerial and highwire acts for safety of performers. Lowers and raises trapezes and nets during performance.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.684-014 GRIP (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

Erects sets and moves scenery on stage for theatrical productions on stage and television studio, using handtools and power tools and equipment: Ties sets upright with lash lines. Hooks stage brace onto set and adjusts brace to straighten and support set. Connects lines to overhead steel work to support hanging units, using handtools and power tools. Fits and hangs painted backdrops and curtains. Inserts weights as specified to counterbalance hanging units. Changes scenery between acts or scenes according to script.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

962.684-018 MOTOR-POWER CONNECTOR (motion picture)

Connects sound, camera, and lighting motors of motion-picture apparatus to common power source by means of portable junction box and cables: Selects types and lengths of cable according to type equipment to be connected and accessibility to power source. Maintains connections while camera and sound equipment are in use. May manipulate microphone boom [MICROPHONE-BOOM OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)].
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

962.684-022 PROP ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)

Readies stage, equipment, and seating area of theater prior to performances, and produces special lighting and sound effects during performances, using various equipment and devices: Lifts, places, and repositions special effect props, such as breakaway walls, dry ice in smoke/fog generator, and stage elevators, for use by performers during show. Starts, connects, and tests light and sound equipment, such as microphones, magnetic tape players, amplifiers, and stage lighting system, prior to show. Cleans and prepares stage, seating, and dressing areas prior to show [CLEANER, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL (any industry) 381.687-014]. Pushes buttons, presses and flips switches, and turns valves to achieve special sound and lighting effects and to raise and lower scenery and stage curtain during performance, following sight or sound cues. Hands props to performers and assists performers with costume changes during show. May order makeup supplies and props to replace those used or damaged during shows. Prior to show may test equipment and during show may tend equipment that activates and controls animated characters.
GOE: 05.12.16 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

962.687-010 DOLLY PUSHER (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: assistant camera operator

Pushes television camera dolly around studio, as directed by CAMERA OPERATOR, TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.), to follow action of scene being broadcast.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

962.687-014 FILM LOADER (motion picture)

Loads and unloads film magazines, as directed, prior to and following photographing of motion-picture scenes. May perform other duties on set location, such as marking stage floor with chalk to designate actors' and actresses' positions, clapping hinged boards together to designate start of scene, and recording scene number and related information on slate to identify scene.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

962.687-018 FLYER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

Lowers or raises scenery and curtains by pulling ropes from position above or to one side of stage. Follows prepared cue sheet, bell, or light signals to make required changes during performance.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

962.687-022 GRIP (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: property handler

Performs any combination of following tasks in motion picture or television studio or set location: Moves control levers and wheels to guide cranes, booms, and dollies that move cameras and other equipment. Sews canvas and other materials to make and repair tents, tarps, scrims, and backings, using sewing machine. Erects canvas covers to protect camera from rain on location. Cuts gelatin and fiberglass light diffusers to fit metal frame of camera and inserts diffusers into frame. Rigs and dismantles frames, scaffolding, backdrops, prefabricated dressing rooms, camera platforms, and tents for set in studio or on location, using carpenter's handtools. May be designated according to department assigned as Construction Grip (motion picture); Production Grip (motion picture); Sewing Room Grip (motion picture).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

969 MISCELLANEOUS AMUSEMENT AND RECREATION OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with miscellaneous amusement and recreation occupations.

969.137-010 SUPERVISOR, CIRCUS (amuse. & rec.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning various areas, moving equipment, and erecting tents and rigging in circus, carnival, or other exhibition, performing duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

969.137-014 SUPERVISOR, SHOW OPERATIONS (amuse. & rec.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of performers and technicians in amusement or theme park: Reviews and adjusts performance schedule to ensure number of performances meets anticipated attendance. Arranges shift assignments of performers and technicians. Talks to guests in person or by telephone to answer questions and resolve complaints. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

969.367-010 CUSTODIAN, ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: manager, equipment

Keeps stock of new and used athletic supplies, such as balls, gloves, bats, shoes, and uniforms, and issues supplies to players: Keeps record of supplies in stock and supplies issued to players. Informs officials when additional supplies are needed. Inspects supplies in stock to detect those requiring repair or cleaning. Repairs torn or damaged supplies or sends supplies out for repair. Issues new or clean supplies to players in exchange for supplies that are worn or dirty. Packs and unpacks supplies for road trips and ensures that arrangements are made for transportation. Accompanies players on trips. Modifies protective supplies, such as adding additional arch supports to shoes, padding uniforms and helmets, or preparing slings for injured players, under specific directions from INSTRUCTOR, SPORTS (amuse. & rec.; education) or ATHLETIC TRAINER (amuse. & rec.; education). May prepare budget estimate for supplies. May purchase supplies. May wash soiled uniforms and other supplies in automatic washing machine or may arrange to have supplies laundered.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

969.381-010 WARDROBE-SPECIALTY WORKER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Makes, repairs, alters, and revamps special wardrobe items and accessories, such as military hats and caps, badges, shoes, belts, and leather pouches, or other leather, suede, and canvas items, working from patterns and diagrams, and using handtools and power sewing machines.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

969.664-010 FIREWORKS DISPLAY SPECIALIST (chemical) alternate titles: setter-off; setter-up

Assembles and sets off fireworks displays at fairs, expositions, or celebrations, according to picture programs or diagrams: Advises committee as to distance audience should be from setoff site of display, according to wind direction and velocity, considering fallout of sparks and acid, and types of fireworks used. Lays out setoff arrangement. Directs workers to set mortars (pipes used to fire aerial shells) apart from ground display, and places barrier of sandbags, railroad ties, or boxes of gravel between mortars to avoid detonating shells from sparks. Assembles framework and affixes display to framework, using hammer, saw, nails, scissors, and twine. Ties fuses of components to lead fuse to create simultaneous fireworks display. Determines appropriate time for setting off of display, according to environmental conditions.
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

969.685-010 SNOWMAKER (amuse. & rec.)

Tends artificial snow making equipment of ski resort to produce artificial snow along ski trails: Rides chair lift or drives snow-terrain vehicle along ski trails to reach snow equipment. Attaches hoses from snow equipment to nozzles of above-ground outlets for underground compressed air and water pipelines, using wrenches. Turns outlet valves to adjust compressed air and water mixture to obtain desired snow spray. Returns defective or frozen snow equipment to ski lodge for repair, using snow vehicle. Repositions equipment periodically to direct snowfall to other sections of trail, or closes valves to shut off equipment when snow coverage is completed. Cleans dirt and frozen snow from equipment, using handtools.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

969.687-010 CIRCUS LABORER (amuse. & rec.)

Performs variety of tasks in cleaning floors and moving equipment for amusement show, such as fair, circus, or carnival, as directed: Cleans and sweeps show area after each performance. Cleans floor after elephants and horses perform. Moves wild animal cages, acrobatic equipment, and carries other properties to show area. Leads horses, elephants, and other animals into show area. Loads and unloads animals and equipment on and off train. May work as member of team to erect and dismantle canvas tents and place seats.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

969.687-014 ICE MAKER, SKATING RINK (amuse. & rec.)

Prepares floor for use as ice-skating rink and removes ice after use: Sprays floor of rink (which has been chilled by ammonia pipes), using water hose, to obtain ice layer of specified thickness. Skates behind tractor to guide scraper blades that smooth surface of rink. Turns valves to force steam through piping in floor to melt ice. Breaks ice, using chisel, and shovels ice into drain or sump. Mops water. May maintain order among patrons and protect property during skating sessions.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

97 OCCUPATIONS IN GRAPHIC ART WORK

This division includes occupations concerned with handsetting text or display type; making and mounting plates of line or continuous tone illustrations; assembling hand- or machine-set type, plates, and spacing material to make up pages and forms; reproducing type, illustrations, pages, and forms by photoengraving, lithographic process, electrotyping, or stereotyping to make plates for printing presses; copying lettering, lines, or designs, and retouching artwork; etching or engraving printing rollers; developing and printing film and prints; bookbinding; and related graphic arts activities. Occupations concerned with cold type typesetting and word processing are found in Division 20.

970 ART WORK OCCUPATIONS, BRUSH, SPRAY, OR PEN

This group includes occupations concerned with copying or altering designs or lettering following layout or other directions; retouching original artwork, including photographic negatives or positives, using brush, spray, airbrush, or pen; drawing lines, such as column rules, on page layouts; and related artwork. Creating layouts and producing original art are included in Division 14.

970.131-014 SUPERVISOR, ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in forming composite images of persons suspected of criminal activities: Assigns duties to and trains new workers. Participates in activities of ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.) 970.361-018 to arrange and enhance set of facial features to form composite images of persons suspected of criminal activities. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.137-010 SUPERVISOR, SIGN SHOP (fabrication, nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in constructing and painting signs: Reviews work orders and visits future site of sign to determine size of sign, materials needed to construct sign, and media needed to convey requested message. Orders material not already on inventory. Assigns work to PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) 970.381-026; SIGN ERECTOR (fabrication, nec) I 869.381-026; SIGN WRITER, HAND (any industry) 970.281-022; or other workers based upon current work load, priority of work to be completed, and expertise of available workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May prepare periodic department budget based upon knowledge of historic and projected costs of personnel, materials, and replacements and additions to tool and equipment inventory.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

970.281-010 AIRBRUSH ARTIST (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: photograph restorer

Restores damaged and faded photographs or colors and shades drawings to simulate photographs, using airbrush: Examines drawing or photographic print to determine coloring, shading, and changes required. Cuts out masking template, using shears, and positions templates on control areas to be sprayed. Mixes ink or paint solutions according to color specifications and spraying consistency desired. Sprays solution over control area to fill in and blend missing parts of photograph or to give depth, perspective, and tone to drawing, using airbrush. Builds up or changes photograph backgrounds to block out undesirable or distracting details, using airbrush. Inks borders and lettering on illustrations and paints in details missing from photographs, using pen, brush, and drafting instruments. Rubs eraser over specified areas and applies white ink to highlight illustrations, using brush or pen. May specialize in mechanical and industrial designs and be designated Airbrush Artist, Technical (profess. & kin.); or in photograph restoring and be designated Airbrush Artist, Photography (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.281-014 DELINEATOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: renderer

Renders perspective drawings of buildings and manufactured products for display or advertising purposes working from sketches and blueprints and using pencil, pen, charcoal, watercolors, or airbrush. May be designated according to specialization as Architectural Renderer (profess. & kin.); Industrial Renderer (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.281-018 PHOTOGRAPH RETOUCHER (photofinishing) alternate titles: retoucher

Retouches photographic negatives and prints to accentuate desirable features of subject, using pencils or watercolors and brushes: Examines negative to determine which features should be accented or minimized. Paints negative with retouching medium so that retouching pencil will mark surface of negative. Shades negative with pencil to smooth facial contours, conceal stray hairs, wrinkles, or blemishes, and soften harsh highlights. Brushes watercolors on print to accentuate lights and shadows and produce clear and attractive features.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.281-022 SIGN WRITER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: card writer, hand; show-card writer

Writes, paints, or prints signs or showcards used for display or other purposes, using brushes. May cut out letters and signs for display purposes from wallboard or cardboard, by hand or machines, such as electrically powered jigsaw or bandsaw.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.281-026 SKETCH MAKER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.) alternate titles: artist, color separation

Sketches cloth designs onto transparent paper for subsequent transfer to printing rollers by photographic process, using drafting tools and artists' work aids: Studies customer's design to locate one complete repeat of pattern. Lays out reference points on design according to location of pattern repeat and motifs within repeat, using ruler, dividers, and pencil. Places design on lighted drafting table, covers design with sheet of transparent paper, and transfers reference points from design to paper. Holds paper against design with stylus and sketches each color (segments of design) in pattern repeat on separate sheet of paper, using pen, brush, sponge, opaque, india ink, and watercolors. Varies intensity of sketch according to design so that printing rollers will be etched in manner that will produce shades and tones of color. Corrects flaws left in design by artist or designer and alters design to make it practical for printing, employing knowledge of fabrics, colors, and etching and printing techniques. Assembles sketches into composite sketch and compares composite with design to determine if parts of design join together to reproduce complete design. Routes sketches to PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) for transfer to film.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.361-010 FORM DESIGNER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: form drafter

Develops office forms, such as invoices and production sheets, according to clients' specifications, using drafting instruments. Draws and submits initial draft to client. Makes changes according to client's specifications. Prepares final form of approved design for printing.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.361-014 REPEAT CHIEF (print. & pub.) alternate titles: inspector

Examines and corrects defects in films used to transfer designs onto printing rollers: Examines films to detect pinholes, defective screens, loss of contour, and exposure errors. Paints out pinholes, fills in defective screens, and alters contour of images on film, using brushes and opaque. Returns overexposed or underexposed films to PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) for correction. Measures image on film to verify conformance to specifications, using steel tape. Routes acceptable prints to REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) for use in composing master film for transferring image to sensitized copper printing rollers. Compares master film with original design and examines repeat joinings (lines along which repeats of design are joined) through magnifying lens to detect repeats that are out of register. Returns unsatisfactory films to REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) for correction of defects.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.361-018 ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.)

Selects set of facial features from inventory, and arranges features to form composite image of persons suspected of criminal activities based on descriptions obtained from victims and witnesses to crimes: Assembles and arranges outlines of features, such as head contours, noses, eyes, lips, chins, and hair lines and styles, to form composite image, according to information provided by witness or victim. Operates photocopy or similar machine to reproduce composite image. Draws moles, scars, and other identifying marks, using pens, pencils, and other artist's work aids, to retouch copy. Alters copy of composite image until witness or victim is satisfied that composite is best possible representation of suspect. Classifies and codes components of image, using established system, to help identify suspect. Searches, or helps witness or victim to search, police photograph records, using classification and coding system, to determine if existing photograph of suspect is available.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

970.381-010 COLORIST, PHOTOGRAPHY (photofinishing) alternate titles: tinter, photograph

Applies oil colors to portrait photographs to produce natural, lifelike appearance, according to specifications, using cotton swabs and brushes: Dips cotton swab in photographic colors, and applies color onto face of portrait freehand. Wipes excess color from portrait to produce specified shade, using cotton swab. Applies color to shaded spots of face, cheeks, and lips, using cotton-tipped wooden stick, and rubs color to blend with color previously applied. Applies color to eyes, using camel's hair spotting brush. May color scenic or other photographs.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.381-014 DECORATOR, MANNEQUIN (fabrication, nec)

Paints facial expressions on mannequins according to established standards, using artists' brushes and airbrush: Inspects mannequin heads to detect imperfections, such as scratches, chips, and cracks and discards defective heads. Mixes paint for eyes, brows, lips, and cheeks according to established formulas. Brushes paint on specified areas of mannequin to create lifelike appearance, using sample mannequin as guide. Applies paint to cheeks of mannequin, using airbrush. Measures and cuts eyelash strips, using rule and scissors. Attaches eyelash to mannequin, using pins. Sprays preservative coating on mannequin, using airbrush.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.381-018 LAY-OUT FORMER (business ser.)

Prepares advertising layout for reproduction according to customer specifications, utilizing knowledge of display techniques: Cuts out and trims photograph, drawing, or color sketch in order to create balanced layout and focus consumer attention on advertisement, using cutting tools and stencils. Mounts layout units on backing material and draws lines to indicate position of units, using pen. Draws functional and decorative borders around layout, using marking and measuring instruments. Positions hand-lettered copy on layout. Writes reproduction instructions outside layout border.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-022 PAINTER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: artist; decorator; filler-in tinter

Paints decorative freehand designs on objects, such as pottery, cigarette cases, and lampshades, using handbrushes: Sketches design, using pencil or permanent ink. Grinds colors on pottery tile, using palette knife, to mix colors and oils to desired consistency. Paints freehand or within sketched design, using mixed colors, or applies pure colors, one over another, to produce desired shade, allowing time for drying between applications. May stipple (create designs by dabbing dots on ware). May trace design prior to painting or sketch guidelines for decals and be designated Sketch Liner (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-026 PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) alternate titles: letterer

Designs, lays out, and paints letters and designs to create signs, using measuring and drawing instruments, brushes, and handtools: Reads work orders to determine type of sign specified, work procedures, and materials required. Sketches design on paper, using drawing instruments, such as angles, rulers, and shading pencils. Lays out design on plastic, silk, or tin to prepare stencil, or on paper to draw pounce pattern, using measuring and drawing instruments. Sketches or follows pattern to draw design or lettering onto objects, such as billboards and trucks, using stencils and measuring and drawing instruments. Brushes paint, lacquer, enamel, or japan over stencil, or paints details, background, and shading to fill in outline or sketch of sign, using paintbrush or airbrush. When painting window signs, draws outline of sign on outside window, using chalk, or dusts pounce pattern to mark outline and paints inside of window following drawing or outline, using brush. When making gold or silver leaf signs, forms sign by either of following methods: (1) Paints sign, positions leaf over fresh paint, and removes excess leaf after sign has dried, using cotton swab and knife blade. (2) Paints inside of window with watersize (glue), applies leaf, and paints sign in reverse on back of leaf, using paintbrush or airbrush. May cut out letters and apply background coating to construct and prepare signs, using tinning shears. May project layout image on paper and trace outline of design, using projector and electric needle. May specialize in maintenance of signs along railroad right-of-way and be designated Painter, Sign, Maintenance (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-030 RETOUCHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

Touches up photoengraving film reproductions of sketches or photographs to eliminate processing defects and distortions in design, or to create special effects on reproductions, utilizing knowledge of lithographic techniques: Compares film negatives or positives with original to locate portions of image, such as dots and lines that were lost during processing, spots on negatives or positives, and excessively dark or light tone values on film. Paints in lines and dots that were lost during processing, using brush, pen, or sponge and opaque. Scratches out spots and undesirable portions of image, using knife and pin. Paints in additional lines or dots to increase intensity of image on film or scratches out lines or dots to reduce intensity, following colors on original to restore specified tone values. May sketch designs on transparent paper preparatory to transferring to film. May retouch, correct, and create special effects on reproductions of photoengraved materials, using computer graphics system, and be designated Computer-Assisted Retoucher, Photoengraving (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.381-034 SPOTTER, PHOTOGRAPHIC (photofinishing)

Covers or spots out imperfections on photographic prints, using gloved finger, brush, or pencil: Positions print under viewing light or on illuminated table and examines print to detect defects, such as surface blemishes, dust spots, and uneven margins. Selects premixed paint or mixes paint, using color charts, when repairing color prints. Applies paint to defective area of color print, using gloved finger or artists' brush. Shades light areas on black-and-white prints, using pencil. Rubs surface of photograph with cloth to remove debris and reduce gloss. Trims edges of print to enhance appearance, using scissors or paper cutter. Places prints in customer bag and records number per bag or mounts print in specified frame. May retouch film negatives and be designated Negative Spotter (photofinishing).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.381-038 STENCIL CUTTER (railroad equip.)

Designs, lays out, and cuts letters for stenciling railroad cars, according to specifications, using precision measuring and drawing instruments and handtools: Draws letter designs on stencil paper, using rule, triangle, T-square and pen or pencil. Brushes shellac and linseed oil on both sides of stencil paper to stiffen and preserve stencil. Cuts out letters, using knife or stencil-cutting machine. Constructs wood stencil frame, using miter box, saw, and hammer. Tacks stencil onto frame, using hammer or staple gun. May apply protective coating to exterior surfaces of locomotives, fixtures, and buildings, using brush, spray gun, or paint rollers. May stencil letters on cars, using brush or spray gun and be designated Car Letterer (railroad equip.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-042 TYPE COPYIST (machinery mfg.)

Draws and cuts out type characters of plastic, such as letters, numbers, and logos for use in manufacturing phototypesetting type disks, using drawing and cutting instruments: Searches reference sources to determine availability of characters in type style specified on orders. Reproduces reference copies of new characters required to obtain working copies, using automatic film developer. Places tracing paper over working copies, and traces and draws new characters, using pencil and triangle. Measures width, thickness, and spacing of characters, using optical and other measuring instruments, and pencils in or erases markings of characters as necessary to arrive at specified size and spacing requirements. Places tracing paper with finalized characters in light box, positions plastic sheets over light box, and cuts plastic following character outlines on tracing paper to obtain plastic characters, using cutting tools and metal guides. Records identity of characters on card for filing with reference source and routes characters for further processing.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.581-010 MUSIC GRAPHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: music autographer

Transcribes music symbols and lyrics from manuscript to sheet music master copy, using pen and ink, ink pad, rules, dies, and straightedge: Draws evenly spaced horizontal lines (staff lines) on master copy, using rule, straightedge, and pen. Reads manuscript to determine word and symbol dies needed. Presses dies in ink pad and transcribes words and symbols to master copy to prepare copy for reproduction.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.661-010 ENGROSSER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: calligrapher; script artist

Letters formal documents, such as diplomas, testimonials, charters, citations, and appointments, using pen and ink. May design and cut script and display type faces for reproduction purposes. When designing and rendering borders, scrollwork, and initial letters for book or page, may be designated Illuminator (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

970.661-014 LETTERER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: commercial artist, lettering

Paints or draws precise lettering to be reproduced in advertisements, books, and other printed materials, using lettering pen or brush and determining lettering design from layout sketches and instructions. May design lettering when style of letters is not specified.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.664-010 PAINTER HELPER, SIGN (any industry)

Assists PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) to lay out and paint letters and designs to make signs, using handtools: Cleans display boards or other display surfaces to remove foreign matter and rough places, using scraper or scouring brush. Beats dust bag against stencil on display area to create pounce pattern. Traces over pounce pattern to prepare outline for PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) to follow, using pencil. Applies coat of base paint to display surface and paints background of display, using brushes and hand rollers. May mix paint according to established formulas. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.681-010 BEN-DAY ARTIST (print. & pub.) alternate titles: tint layer

Applies benday tints (shadings in form of dots of different intensities) to drawings or to zinc or aluminum plates with inked screen or pattern: Positions mask (protective covering) over parts of drawing or plate not to be shaded, or brushes protective coating over those parts as determined by inspection of copy. Applies ink to screen or pattern, places screen or pattern over drawing or plate, and applies pressure to transfer ink from screen, using roller or burnisher. Washes ink and protective coating from parts of drawing not to be shaded.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.681-014 COLORER (print. & pub.)

Colors by hand or sprays designs on cards, calendars, maps, and related articles, using colored inks and pens or airbrush, following instructions or working drawings: Applies color to article by stencil or freehand method, depending on article to be colored. May mix and blend paints. May paint monograms on stationery and sprinkle metallic powder over paint and be designated Bronzer (print. & pub.). May be designated according to article colored as Map Colorer (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-018 INKER AND OPAQUER (motion picture)

Traces drawings prepared by CARTOONIST, MOTION PICTURES (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) and paints tracing to render drawing opaque, using tracing pen and brush: Positions celluloid sheet over original drawing. Traces original in ink on celluloid. Reverses celluloid and brushes thin coat of opaquing paint on reverse side to render drawing opaque.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.681-022 MANUGRAPHER (fabrication, nec)

Traces and paints advertising material on poster paper, using projector, brushes, and drawing instruments: Projects outline of advertisement on paper, using opaque projector, and traces magnified drawing of advertisement, using pencil. Applies paint to drawing according to color chart, using artists' brushes. Prints lettering on advertisement, using T-square, straightedge, and artists' brushes.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-026 PAINTER, ANIMATED CARTOONS (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

Applies premixed color paints on back of inked celluloids to depict animated cartoon characters, using brush: Scans celluloid on which characters have been drawn to determine number codes of paints required. Brushes paint within outline of character, according to number code specified.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-030 PAINTER, PLATE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate colorer

Paints colors on zinc plates, using brushes and watercolors, following colors in original design, to guide PANTOGRAPHER (print. & pub.) in transferring design to cloth-printing rollers.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

971 PHOTOENGRAVING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing line or continuous tone copy on metallic printing plates for use in letterpress printing, using photoetching process; mounting and photographing copy; developing latent images on plates; and etching plates to leave raised printing surface. Group also includes occupations concerned with the fabrication and assembly of silk screen stencils, using photoetching process.

971.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in production of photoengraved printing plates by processes, such as photographing, developing, printing, and etching: Trains workers in techniques of photoengraving processes. Examines finished printing plates to ensure conformance with company standards or customer specifications, using magnifying glass. Requisitions parts, supplies, and materials and submits cost data to management for budget planning. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.131-014 SUPERVISOR, SCREEN MAKING (textile)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing (by photographic process) and repairing screens used in printing textile materials: Confers with other supervisors to coordinate interdepartmental work flow, to determine type new screens to be produced, and estimate costs for repairing used screens. Trains new employees in techniques of photographic screen reproduction and repair or assigns employee to experienced worker for training. Interviews and hires personnel for department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.261-010 ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.)

Etches images (designs) on surface of printing rollers coated with photo or acid resist on which images have been transferred photographically or engraved pantographically, utilizing knowledge of colors, fabrics, and etching and printing techniques: Studies design sheet to determine etching requirements based on colors in design, type and weight of fabric, and printing sequence. Lifts roller onto brackets of rinsing vat with aid of ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.). Tapes ends of roller with masking tape to limit etching to specified width. Cleans rollers preparatory to etching, using sponge, cleaning chemicals, and water. Transfers roller from rinsing vat to acid vat with aid of ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.), using electric hoist. Turns valve to agitate acid solution with compressed air and starts machine to rotate roller in solution. Periodically removes roller from acid bath, measures etch with depth gauge, and moves fingers over surface of roller and scans etching through magnifying lens to detect processing defects, such as pinholes and collapsing ground lines. Processes roller through series of acid baths to increase depth of etch and broaden ground lines without collapsing top (unengraved portion) of design. Verifies depth of etch, using depth gauge. Scratches charcoal into etched cavities to make ground lines stand out and examines engraving to determine whether roller will print with desired effect. Transfers etched roller to cleaning vats, starts machine to spin roller in cleaning solution, and lowers brush to surface of spinning roller to remove acid-resistant coating. Dilutes acid with water to obtain etching chemicals of specified concentration.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

971.381-010 ETCHER APPRENTICE, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.) alternate titles: etcher apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-014 ETCHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

Etches metal photographic plates to produce photoengraved printing plates, using etching machines, handtools, and chemicals: Mixes caustic or acid solutions according to type metal plate being etched. Brushes protective (resist) solution on back and edges of metal plate to protect plate during etching process. Brushes protective (resist) powder over photographic emulsion on plate to protect printing design. Bakes plate to adhere powder to design, using gas heating plate. Mounts plate in etching machine and starts machine that sprays acid or caustic solution against plate to etch (eat away) areas not protected by resist solution or powder. Removes and measures plate to determine depth of etching, using depth gauge, and remounts plate in machine when etching has not attained specified depth. Washes and scrubs etched plates to remove resist solutions and photographic emulsion, using brush and caustic solution. Dries plates, using chamois cloth. Matches colors with original artwork of multicolor photographic plates to produce balanced color valves, applying knowledge of photographic printing process. May weigh plates before and after etching to determine amounts of etching solutions to be added to machine, using scales. May be designated according to type of plate etched as Copper Etcher (print. & pub.); Zinc Etcher (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-022 PHOTOENGRAVER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: engraving operator; photolith operator

Photographs copy, develops negatives, and prepares photosensitized metal plates, such as copper, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium for use in printing, using photography and developing equipment and engravers' handtools: Positions copy on copy board of darkroom camera and exposes film to copy. Fastens scoured metal plate to $T3whirling machine$T1 table or suspension hooks, pours photosensitizing solution on plate, and starts machine which rotates plate to distribute and dry solution evenly over plate surface. Exposes negative and plate to bright light in vacuum type printing frame to transfer image onto plate. Rolls ink onto exposed plate and washes unexposed and unfixed emulsion from plate, using running water and cotton pad to expose bare metal. Places developed plate in acid bath or etching machine to erode unprotected metal to specified depth. Mounts etched plates on wood blocks, using hammer and nails or on metal base, using thermosetting adhesive to raise printing surface type to specified height. Removes excess metal from nonprinting areas of cut, using routing machine [ROUTER (print. & pub.)]. Cuts mortises in mounted plates, using power drill and jigsaw, for insertion of type or other cuts. Modifies and repairs finished plates, using engravers' handtools, etching brush, and acid. May be designated according to type of plate made as Plate Maker, Zinc (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-026 PHOTOENGRAVER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-030 PHOTOENGRAVING FINISHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate finisher, photoengraving

Blocks out, re-etches, or intensifies designs to refine or repair copper, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium photoengraved printing plates according to copy and specifications, using artist's brushes and hand engraving and burnishing tools: Applies chalk to engraved surface and examines cut under magnifying glass to detect damaged halftone dots and evaluate quality of etching against copy. Outlines images, cuts border, blocks out backgrounds, and raises halftone dots, using engraving tools. Burnishes high halftone dots to correct defects in printing quality and contrast of cut, using burnishing tools. Repairs breaks in type, using handtools. May re-etch or re-engrave photographic plates to correct color tone valves or to intensify designs, using etching machine or engraver's handtools. May make proofs of completed monochrome and multicolor plates [PROOF-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-034 PHOTOENGRAVING PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: proof-plate maker; stripper and printer

Exposes film or glass negatives or positives to artificial light to transfer image onto photosensitive metal plates used for printing, applying knowledge of photographic and layout techniques, using photographic equipment, handtools, and cutting machines: Washes plate to remove foreign matter, using brush, abrasive, and running water. Pours photosensitive solution onto face of plate and distributes solution evenly, using $T3whirling machine.$T1 Positions sensitized plate in contact with photographic negative under vacuum frame and directs lights through negative for specified time to print image on sensitized coating of plate. Rolls ink onto face of plate or immerses plate in developing solution and washes with water to remove coating which has not been affected by light. Dusts ink-developed plates with protective powder and heats plates over gas flame to produce surface resistant to etching acid. Surprints line negatives over halftone print to introduce type or other solid matter and combines several subjects stripped to separate flats by successive printing onto plate in register. Cuts metal plates to size, using squaring shear, circle saw, or bandsaw. May mix chemicals. May strip negatives [STRIPPER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-038 PHOTOENGRAVING PROOFER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: prover

Proves printing quality and register of photoengraved printing plates, using hand or power driven flatbed or cylinder press, and prepares data sheet on color matching or ink modification to improve printing quality and register according to copy or customer specifications: Clamps plates to press, applies ink to rollers, and positions guides, grippers, and fingers to guide paper through press. Wraps packing sheets and tympan around cylinder to form cushion. Cuts and pastes overlays under tympan sheet to increase impression of low areas. Depresses pedal to open grippers, inserts blank sheet, and turns crank or starts motor to print set of proofs for progressive proof book for both black and white and color plates. Prepares data on color matching and ink modification to guide pressman. Examines proofs to determine printing quality of dots and lines, using magnifier, and marks corrections, such as reetching and additional finishing. May be designated according to work proofed as Proofer, Black And White (print. & pub.); Proofer, Color (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-040 PHOTOENGRAVING-PROOFER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: proofer apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-046 SCREEN MAKER, TEXTILE (textile)

Prepares stencils used in screen printing of textile materials: Assembles prefabricated parts to construct silk screen frame, using handtools and wing nuts. Clamps frame and silk screen material in stretching machine and activates machine that stretches screen material over frame. Glues screen to frame and cuts excess material from around frame, using glue applicator and scissors. Coats screen with photosensitive emulsion, using brush. Positions negative on glass bed of photoprint machine and centers screen over negative. Activates photoprint machine that exposes screen and negative to high intensity light to develop pattern on screen. Washes unexposed emulsion from screen, using water and hose. Applies resist coating to screen to protect pattern, using brush, and removes resist coating from open areas of pattern, using suction machine.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

971.381-050 STRIPPER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: negative assembler; negative turner

Strips photographic negative from film base and mounts negative on glass plate or platemaking $T3flat$T1 to be used in preparing photoengraving plates, using art layout, blueprint, and handtools: Examines negative to detect defective areas, using lighted viewing table. Spots or blocks out defective areas, using opaque and brush. Pours rubber solution and collodion over film base to toughen negative. Dries base, using blotter, and cuts negative to size, using knife and straightedge. Immerses glass or film base in acid bath to loosen negative. Strips negative from base. Mounts and aligns negative on glass plate or platemaking flat, according to art layout, blueprint, and color register. Rubs negative to remove excess water and to ensure adhesion to plate, using blotter. May control equipment to produce photographic negatives preparatory to stripping. May be designated according to type of negative stripped as Stripper, Black And White (print. & pub.); Stripper, Color (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-054 STRIPPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: negative-turner apprentice; stripper-and-opaquer apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.382-014 PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) alternate titles: contact-frame operator; engraving photographer

Sets up and operates camera to photograph drawings, sketches, or other material to produce negatives for transfer to printing plates, rollers, or printed circuit boards: Mounts copy on holder, aligning centerline on copy with centerline on holder. Studies copy and order sheet to determine photographic techniques required to transfer desired effect onto film, according to plate or roller dimensions, type of design, colors in design, and engraving requirements. Computes camera settings required to reproduce sketch to specified scale according to dimensions of printing plates or rollers. Focuses camera, compensating for difference in size and distortions in copy. Measures opening in back of camera to verify settings, using steel tape. Positions film on vacuum board, closes board against back of camera, and locks board in position. Arranges arc lamps for even distribution of light and exposes film for specified length of time. Removes exposed film from camera and develops film in series of developing, rinsing, and fixing baths, or using automatic film processing equipment. Compares developed film with design to determine whether desired effect has been reproduced. Hangs film on line to dry. When producing negatives for halftone printing, inserts screen in front of film to reduce copy to dots for reproduction. When producing multicolor prints, fits color filters over lens. May process sensitized metal plates for subsequent etching [PHOTOENGRAVING PRINTER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.382-018 REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: composer

Operates photocomposing machine to repeat designs on film for transfer to sensitized copper rollers used in printing such products as wallpaper and oilcloth: Sketches design layout on worksheet according to sequence in which design is to be repeated around roller. Computes machine setting required to repeat design on film as laid out on worksheet, using standard formulas and tables. Mounts positive print on negative frame, aligning centerline on print with centerline on frame, and tapes print in position. Masks area around print with black paper. Centers film on backboard of machine and tapes film in position. Lifts backboard against negative frame and locks in position. Moves negative frame in position for exposing film to first repeat of design, following computations on worksheet. Starts compressor that creates vacuum between negative frame and backboard, drawing backboard against negative frame. Exposes film to light through positive print for specified time, transferring image from print to film. Repeats process until design has been repeated along vertical and horizontal plane of film a specified number of times. Removes exposed film from machine and processes film through series of chemical baths to develop, fix, and rinse film. Examines developed film for exposure errors and misalignment of repeated designs. Agitates film in chemical solution to etch out overexposed film. Discards unusable film. Hangs developed film on line to dry.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

971.684-010 BLOCKER II (print. & pub.) alternate titles: film masker; film painter; negative checker

Examines photographic negatives for defects and paints over defects preparatory to transferring images to sensitized zinc plates or copper rollers, using measuring instruments, brushes, and handtools: Spreads negatives over illuminated table and marks register points on negatives, using straightedge, triangle, and scriber. Examines negatives to detect pinholes and to locate line along which design will be fitted around sensitized rollers or mounted on zinc plates. Masks (blocks out) pinholes and extra images on film, using brushes and opaque. Scratches out undesirable spots and lines, using knife or pin. Compares masked films with original design to verify conformance to specifications. May lay out and print customer's legend on films. May correct spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors on negative proofs, using standard proofreading symbols.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

971.684-014 STAGER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: roller painter

Paints out specified portions of etched design on printing rollers to prevent further etching or paints around images on printing rollers to cover pinholes and scratches, using brushes and acid-resistant paint.
GOE: 05.12.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

971.685-010 ROLLER-PRINT TENDER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: roller printer

Tends equipment to transfer design images from master film to copper printing rollers: Marks register points on ends of rollers, using straightedge and scriber. Inserts mandrel through roller and lifts roller onto brackets of sensitizing machine, using hoist. Starts machine that rotates roller. Turns valve to spray roller with water and cleans coated roller, using cloth, cleaning solution, and pumice. Dries rollers, using paper towel. Fills spray gun with sensitizing solution and turns valve to spray solution onto rotating roller. Transfers sensitized roller to copy machine, using electric hoist. Positions master film over roller and aligns register points on film with register points on roller. Covers master film with sheet of transparent film and engages ends of transparent film in machine drive. Tapes master film to transparent film, using masking tape. Lifts ultraviolet light frame into position over roller and starts machine that rotates sensitized roller and film, exposing sensitized roller to images on film. Transfers exposed roller to developing bath, using electric hoist. Turns roller in developing solution for specified time to dissolve sensitized coating from areas of roller that were exposed to light through film. Transfers developed roller to dye bath and turns roller in bath to dye unexposed area of roller. Transfers dyed roller to wash vat and rinses excess dye from roller. Dries roller, using cloth.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

971.687-010 ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.)

Assists ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.) in etching designs on copper printing rollers: Trucks rollers from storage area to etching room. Inserts mandrel through roller and screws collar onto mandrel to hold roller in position. Assists ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.) in lifting rollers onto machine brackets and in transferring rollers from one vat to another. Turns crank on mandrel to rotate rollers in rinsing and etching vats. Cleans solvent and acid-resistant coating from etched rollers by rubbing with sawdust or using absorbent cloth. Removes mandrel from etched rollers and trucks rollers to mending bench. Drains vats of spent etching solutions and performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

972 LITHOGRAPHERS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing line or continuous tone copy on metallic printing plates for use in lithographic printing using lithographic process; photographing, scanning and assembling copy to produce film; and exposing and developing latent images on plate.

972.137-010 SUPERVISOR, PREPRESS (print. & pub.) alternate titles: supervisor, prep

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photography, image assembly, platemaking, and other prepress activities in preparation for offset lithographic printing: Examines work to ensure conformity to job specifications and company standards. Maintains inventory of supplies and materials, such as film, layout sheets, and plates. Oversees maintenance and repair of machines and equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May perform minor maintenance and repair of machines and equipment. May be designated according to department supervised as Camera Supervisor (print. & pub.); Scanner Supervisor (print. & pub.); Supervisor, Offset-Plate Preparation (print. & pub.); Supervisor, Stripping (print. & pub.); Systems Manager (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.281-010 DOT ETCHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: color corrector; lithographer retoucher; process artist; tone artist

Increases or reduces size of photographic dots by chemical or photomechanical methods to make color corrections on halftone negatives or positives to be used in preparation of lithographic printing plates: Examines film on light table to determine specified color and color balance, using magnifying glass or densitometer. Compares proof print of color separation negative or positive with customer's original sample or copy and standard color chart to determine accuracy of reproduction. Identifies and marks color discrepancies on print and film. Prepares dyes or other chemical solutions according to standard formulas and applies solution to inaccurately colored areas of film to correct color by chemical method. Blocks out or modifies color shades of film, using template, brushes, and opaque. Prepares photographic masks to protect areas of film not needing correction, using contact frame and automatic film processor or by manually cutting masking material, to correct color by photomechanical method. Determines extent of correction and exposure length needed based on experience or predetermined exposure and color charts. Places masks over separation negatives or positives and exposes film for specified time, using contact frame and automatic film processor to reduce size of photographic dots to increase or reduce color. Applies opaque to defective areas of film to block out blemishes and pinholes.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.281-018 DOT ETCHER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic retoucher apprentice; tone-artist apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

972.281-022 STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: color stripper; commercial stripper; image assembler; process stripper

Plans composition of $T3film flat$T1 according to customer's requirements, applying knowledge of film assembly; pieces together and positions negative or positive film on layout sheets; and makes composite film, using precision measuring instruments, artist's work aids and photographic equipment, to assemble multi- or single-color film flat used in production of lithographic printing plates: Examines materials received with order, such as pasteup, artwork, film, prints, or customer's instructions, to determine size and dimensions, number of colors on job, and camera work needed, such as number of base negatives, halftones, color separations (film for each primary color), and $T3screen tints$T1. Determines proportions needed to reduce or enlarge photographs and graphics to fit in designated areas of film flat and prevent color overlap, using calculator or proportion scale. Receives base negatives, halftones, and color separations from PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) 972.382-014 and SCANNER OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 972.282-010 to be used in composition of film flat. Touches up negatives to conceal pinholes and other imperfections, using artist's brush and opaque material, or examines positive film, using magnifier, and repairs broken lines and incomplete and missing half-tone dots, using needle and crayon pencil. Tapes layout sheet or grid to illuminated table and positions masking sheet and transparent plastic sheet over layout grid to prepare for positioning of film. Positions film negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet according to predetermined reference marks on layout sheet and inserts illustrations, halftones, or four-color process negatives in windows of base negatives or complementary flats (flats that will be exposed onto same plate), using tape, triangles, straightedges, dividers, and magnifiers. Selects and inserts screen tints in film flat, using knowledge of dot percentages required to obtain specific colors. Cuts out masks, using razor blade, artist's knife, or mask cutting tool, and arranges negatives in order, to prepare for contact printing, plate exposure, or proof making. Aligns multiple negatives and masks over unexposed film in vacuum frame and activates light source to make negatives or positives for final film of each color. Determines or approves plans and page sequences to lay out job for specific printing press. Pieces together and aligns negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet, applying knowledge acquired from experience in film assembly to assure register and fit with all units of color, to assemble film flat. Inverts assembled film flat on table and cuts windows behind image areas of negatives or positives, using razor blade or artist's knife, to allow exposure to plate or film. Routes completed negative or positive flat to proofing area for preparation of positive or negative proof. Examines proof returned by customer and makes corrections or remakes film to meet customer's specifications. Routes completed negative or positive flat to LITHOGRAPHIC PLATEMAKER (print. & pub.) 972.381-010 for preparation of positive or negative lithographic printing plate. May draw ruled lines and borders around negatives or positives, using scribing tools. May make proof from film flat to determine accuracy of flat.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.282-010 SCANNER OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: electronic scanner operator; laser-beam-color-scanner operator

Analyzes original copy (material to be reproduced) and operates electronic scanner to produce color-separated positive or negative films for use in production of lithographic printing plates: Analyzes original copy to evaluate color density, gradation highlights, middle tones, and shadows, using densitometer and knowledge of light and color. Types on scanner keyboard or touches mouse to symbols on scanner video display unit to input software, or turns knobs or punches buttons to set scanner to specific color density, size, screen ruling, and exposure adjustments. Loads film into film holder, places holder in exposing chamber and starts automatic vacuum system mechanism that loads and secures film on scanner drum. Activates scanner to produce positive or negative films for each primary color and black in original copy. Unloads exposed film from scanner and places film in automatic processor to develop image on film. Inspects developed film for specified results and quality, using magnifying glass and scope, and forwards acceptable negatives or positives to STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022, PROOFER, PREPRESS (print. & pub.) 972.381-034, or customer. Performs tests to determine exposure adjustments on scanner and adjusts scanner controls until specified results are obtained. May position color transparency, negative, or reflection copy on scanning drum and mount drum and head on scanner.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.282-018 ELECTRONIC MASKING SYSTEM OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: electronic plotting system operator

Operates computerized masking system to produce stripping masks used in production of offset lithographic printing plates: Positions artist's layout (comprehensive) on digitizing table of electronic masking system to prepare for data entry in system memory. Studies layout sheet to determine shapes of windows drawn on layout sheet. Selects options on menu of electronic masking system, such as shape, dimensions of designs to be drawn, register marks, and retrieval of stored designs. Touches symbol of option selected on menu with mouse (hand held input device) and presses button on mouse to activate option. Touches reference points of designs on layout sheet, using mouse, and presses button of mouse to enter coordinates of design in system memory. Views monitors for feedback and error prompts, for visual representations of work in progress, and for numerical information such as width of line and last point plotted. Presses button to transfer data from system memory to disk. Loads drafting unit with masking material to prepare for plotting and scoring of programmed figures or loads film into plotting drum to prepare for photographic mask exposure. Presses button to activate vacuum to hold masking material in place and to activate drafting unit that scores masking material with programmed figures or activates plotting drum to make photographic mask exposure. Removes scored masking material from drafting table, places material on light table and peels scored figures from masking material, using needle and tape, or removes film from plotting drum and puts film in automatic film processor, to create masks to be used by STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022. May operate electronic plotting system to draw artwork positions on pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.284-010 FILM FLAT INSPECTOR (print. & pub.)

Inspects $T3film flats$T1 for quality, content, and positioning of elements at printing establishment: Places film flats and companion materials, such as artwork, pasteups, layouts, film, and corrected proofs, on light table and examines materials, using magnifying glass to view details in materials. Examines film flat label for identifying information, such as date and job number. Compares film flat to companion materials, using knowledge of film assembly, and measures film flat with ruler to verify conformance to specifications, such as positioning of pages in rotation for folding, trim marks, colors on pages, window sizes, and size, colors, and positioning of elements, such as halftones, screen tints, and type. Examines film flats for defects, such as holes or scratches on film, overlapping or unaligned elements, and incorrect dot percentages in halftones. Returns film flat to STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022 for corrections, or repairs defects, such as pinholes or incomplete and missing halftone dots, with opaque material or needle and crayon pencil.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-010 LITHOGRAPHIC PLATEMAKER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: platemaker

Exposes sensitized metal plate to positive or negative film, using vacuum frame, to produce offset lithographic printing plates: Punches holes in light-sensitive plate with register punch and inserts register pins in holes to prepare plate for contact with positive or negative film. Places plate on bed of vacuum frame and inserts positives or negatives on register pins to align positives or negatives with each other and with plate. Places masking paper on areas of plate not covered by positives or negatives to prevent exposure of those areas. Lowers top of vacuum frame onto plate and film assembly and activates vacuum to maintain contact between negative or positive film and plate. Sets timer to activate ultraviolet light that exposes plate to positives or negatives. Removes plate and film assembly from vacuum frame and places exposed plate in automatic processor to develop image and dry plate. Performs tests to determine time required for exposure by exposing plates and comparing exposure to gray scale (scale used to measure tone ranges). May replenish chemical solutions in automatic plate processor to maintain processor in working order. May expose plates, using step-and-repeat machines. May make proofs.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

972.381-014 LITHOGRAPHIC-PLATE-MAKER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic-press-plate-maker apprentice, photomechanical

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.381-018 SKETCH MAKER II (print. & pub.)

Sketches, photographs, and etches cloth designs on zinc plates in form that can be transferred to printing rollers by mechanical pantograph process, using precision measuring and drawing instruments, camera, and etching chemicals: Studies design and production sheet to determine number of times design will be repeated around roller, size of sketch, and number of plates required to complete sketch. Lays out reference lines on design according to location of one complete repeat of pattern and number of plates required to sketch pattern, using straightedge and pencil. Draws reference lines on zinc plates, using dividers, straightedge, and pencil. Places design under weighted door of camera and moves camera up graduated scale to enlarge pattern to specifications. Positions zinc plate on table beneath camera and aligns reference lines on plate with reference lines of reflected design. Traces around reflected outline of design, using diamond stylus, leaving specified spacing between colors to compensate for color, type of cloth, and etching process. Corrects flaws left in design by designer or artist, and reproduces design so that it will be practical for printing. Immerses sketched plate in acid solution to etch (deepen) lines of design. Washes etched plates, using water and brush. Records number of times design will be repeated around roller, number and size of plates in design, and spacings left between colors on production sheet.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.381-022 STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC II (print. & pub.) alternate titles: book stripper; stripper, black and white; stripper-opaquer

Positions negative or positive film on layout sheets to assemble single or multiple color $T3film flats$T1 used in production of lithographic printing plates, according to customer specifications, using precision measuring instruments and artist's work aids: Touches up negatives to conceal pinholes and other imperfections, using artist's brush and opaque material or examines positive film, using magnifier, and repairs broken lines and incomplete and missing halftone dots, using needle and crayon pencil. Tapes layout sheet or grid to illuminated table and positions masking sheet and transparent plastic sheet over layout sheet to prepare for positioning of film. Positions film negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet according to predetermined reference marks on layout sheet and inserts halftones, $T3screen tints$T1 or four-color process negatives in windows of base negatives or complementary flats (flats to be exposed onto same plate), using tape, triangles, straightedges, dividers, and magnifiers. Inverts assembled film flat on table and cuts windows behind image areas of negatives or positives, using razor blade or artist's knife to allow exposure to plate or film. Routes completed negative or positive flat to platemaking department for preparation of positive or negative lithographic printing plate or proof. May select screen tints to be inserted in film flat, using knowledge of dot percentages required to obtain specific colors. May draw ruled lines and borders around negatives or positives, using scribing tools.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-026 TRANSFERRER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: press-plate maker

Transfers images, by hand, from photographic negatives to zinc plates for printing by lithographic process: Covers surface of grained plates with coating of photosensitive chemicals, using brush, and allows plate to dry. Mounts negative and plate in camera and activates camera that exposes sensitized plate to strong artificial light through photographic negative for specified period of time, thus reproducing (transferring) image from negative to plate.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.381-030 PASTE-UP ARTIST (print. & pub.) alternate titles: keyliner; mechanical artist

Assembles typeset copy and artwork into pasteup for printing reproduction: Measures and marks board according to GRAPHIC DESIGNER (profess. & kin.) 141.061-018 or artist's layout to indicate position of artwork, typeset copy, page edges, folds, and colors, using ruler and drafting instruments. Measures artwork and layout space of artwork on pasteup and compares measurements, using ruler and proportion wheel, to determine proportions needed to make reduced or enlarged photographic prints for pasteup. Cuts and trims typeset copy and artwork to specified size, applies adhesive, and aligns artwork and typeset copy on board, following position marks, and removes excess adhesive from board, using scissors, artist's knife, and drafting instruments. Tapes transparent plastic overlay to board, positions and applies copy to plastic, and applies masking film to artwork layout space on overlay to create clear space on negative where artwork can be added later by STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022. Indicates crop marks and enlargement or reduction measurements on photographs with grease pencil to prepare photographs for STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I, and covers photographs with tissue paper to protect photographs. Tapes tracing paper to board to protect artwork and copy, and writes specifications on tracing paper to provide information to PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) 972.382-014; STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I; and OFFSET-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) I 651.382-042. May make negatives or prints of artwork, using photographic equipment, to prepare artwork for pasteup. May operate phototypesetter to prepare typeset copy for pasteup. May operate electronic plotter to draw artwork positions on pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-034 PROOFER, PREPRESS (print. & pub.)

Makes single or multicolored prepress proofs of text and graphics, performing any combination of following duties: Places base material and color coated sheet or light sensitive film into laminating machine that transfers pigment from sheet or laminates light sensitive film to base. Exposes base to corresponding color-separated negative or positive film, using vacuum frame, and places color coated base in automatic processor that develops and reveals color image on base, or places light sensitive base into corresponding color bin of automatic toner machine that deposits powdered ink pigment onto image. Registers succeeding color negatives or positives over base, using magnifier or register device system, and repeats process to produce multicolor proof. Exposes film to proofing paper to make single-color proof. Exposes film to colored base material to produce overlay of each color, and assembles and aligns individual overlays on top of one another to form multicolor overlay proof. Compares test exposures to quality control color guides to determine data for exposure settings. Measures density levels of colors or color guides on proofs, using densitometer, and compares readings to set standards. Mixes powdered ink pigments, using ink matching book and measuring and mixing tools, to create nonstandard colors, and applies ink pigments to base by hand. Immerses exposed materials in chemical baths to hand-develop proofing materials. Method used to make proof is determined by brand of equipment and quality of proof required.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

972.381-038 PASTE-UP ARTIST APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.382-010 PHOTOGRAPHER APPRENTICE, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) alternate titles: copy-camera-operator apprentice; lithographer apprentice; photolithographer apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.382-014 PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic-camera operator; photolithographer; photolithographic process worker; process-camera operator

Sets up and operates horizontal or vertical process camera to photograph illustrations and printed material and produce film used in preparation of lithographic printing plates: Mounts material to be photographed on copyboard of camera, and adjusts camera settings to enlarge or reduce size of copy to be reproduced. Selects and places screen over high contrast film in camera to reproduce image with dot pattern for halftone printing. Places color filters between lens and film to produce four-color separations. Performs exposure tests to determine line, halftone, and color reproduction exposure lengths for various photographic factors, such as type of camera, screens, films, and light intensity. Measures degrees of darkness (density) of continuous tone images to be photographed, using densitometer, and enters readings into exposure control system of process camera to set exposure time for halftone images. Adjusts lens and copyboard for reduction or enlargement of copy and focus, adjusts lights, and exposes high contrast film for predetermined period of time. Places film in automatic film processor that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film. May immerse film in series of chemical baths to develop image on film and hang film on rack to dry for manual method of processing film. May measure original layouts and determine proportions needed to make reduced or enlarged photographic prints for pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.382-018 PHOTO MASK MAKER, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.) alternate titles: electron-beam operator

Operates computer-controlled electron-beam exposure equipment to transfer circuit pattern onto photoresist-coated photo mask plates for subsequent use in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Loads disk or tape of pattern information into equipment, and positions unexposed photo mask plate in vacuum chamber of equipment. Types commands to enter exposure specifications and production instructions and activate equipment that directs electron beam at specified locations on coated photo mask plate to expose photoresist. Develops and etches exposed photo mask plate, using automatic developing and etching equipment. Inspects pattern on photo mask plate for conformance to specifications, using microscope and specialized inspection devices.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

972.382-022 PHOTO MASK TECHNICIAN, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.)

Generates computer tape or disk of processing instructions for use in electron-beam fabrication of photo masks used in integrated circuit (IC) manufacture, using computer graphics system and software and applying knowledge of photo mask layout: Reviews work order and specification manuals to determine data required to lay out array (arrangement of integrated circuit layer patterns) for reproduction onto photo mask. Enters commands into computer, using keyboard, to retrieve from data file and display on display screen existing array format information. Calculates additional array information required, such as array center and coordinates, number of rows and columns in array, and location of test patterns in array, following specification manual and work order instructions. Locates file (computer tape) relating to specified IC layer and loads tape into computer tape drive. Enters specified commands into computer, using keyboard to retrieve IC layer pattern from file and display pattern on array format on computer display screen. Positions IC layer patterns and test patterns within array format on display screen, using knowledge of photo mask layout and computer graphics. Enters electron-beam exposure instructions into computer and keys in commands to transfer array data and exposure instructions onto computer disk or tape for use by PHOTO MASK MAKER, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.) 972.382-018. May enter commands into computer, using keyboard, to transfer IC layer patterns onto hard copy (plots), using plotter peripheral equipment. May inspect plots of IC layer patterns for layout errors.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

972.384-014 PLATEMAKER, SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES (electron. comp.)

Prints and develops printing plates used in printing symbols and numbers on semiconductor packages: Types identifying symbols and numbers on paper or rubs transfer sheet to transfer symbols and numbers onto paper. Places paper containing identification information on camera grid. Places specified lens on camera holder and presses buttons and turns handles to adjust camera focus. Mounts film in guide slot of camera and pushes button to expose film to identify information. Removes exposed film from camera and places film in developer that automatically develops and dries negative. Inserts negative (containing image of identification information) and sheet of polymer into exposure machine. Activates machine to expose negative polymer sheet to print negative image on polymer and form printing plate. Removes polymer plate and places plate in envelope. Maintains production records and machines. May place semiconductor packages in oven to set or dry printing. May immerse printed packages in chemical solution to test durability of printing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

972.681-010 MUSIC ENGRAVER (print. & pub.)

Engraves words and music on zinc plates used to print sheet music, following original manuscripts: Rules staff lines on plate, allowing for even margins. Stamps letters, words, and musical symbols in specified position on plate, using metal dies and hammer. Taps and scrapes engraved plates to smooth surface and prepare plates for use in printing presses, using ball peen hammers and hand scrapers.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.682-010 PLATE GRAINER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate preparer; zinc-plate grainer

Operates plate graining machine to roughen (grain) faces of flexible sheets of zinc or aluminum metal for use in offset-photolithographic printing: Operates power shear to cut sheets of aluminum and zinc to size, and clamps them to bed of graining machine tub (tray). Operates hydraulic lifting and tilting mechanism attached to machine to load and unload machine with specified amount of steel or wooden balls, water, and abrasive. Washes sediment from plates with water hose at end of graining cycle and places on conveyor for further washing under water jets and drying under heating unit. Examines each plate with magnifier at inspection table for uniformity, size, and structure of grain. Stacks plates in shipping crate. Rolls out and hammers used plates to remove gripper marks, dents, and bent corners. Lubricates machine and replaces worn bearings. May grain plates by wet or dry sandblasting. May feed plates through graining machine having reel-type nylon brush which roughens surface with abrasive and water. May grain plates with glass marbles.
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.682-014 PLATE-GRAINER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: stone-and-plate-preparer apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.687-010 PLATE INSPECTOR (print. & pub.)

Inspects offset lithographic printing plates for quality and content at printing establishment: Visually examines plates for defects, such as spaces, spots, broken type, and crooked or overlapping halftones, and views film and $T3film flat$T1 used to produce plates to determine cause of defect. Compares halftones and $T3screen tints$T1 on plates to film flat, using magnifier, to detect overdevelopment or underdevelopment of plates. Measures plates with ruler and compares measurements and appearance of plates to prepress proofs to verify accuracy of positioning and presence of artwork and type for each color. Applies correcting solutions to plates or notifies supervisor of defects and suspected causes. Delivers plates meeting establishment criteria and companion materials, such as artwork, proofs, pasteups, film, and film flats, to press for printing.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

973 HAND COMPOSITORS, TYPESETTERS, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with setting and distributing type by hand; making up and tearing down forms, including handset and machine-set type, mounted plates, and spacing material; locking forms; and pulling proofs. Occupations concerned with typesetting by word processing methods are found in Group 203.

973.137-010 SUPERVISOR, COMPOSING-ROOM (print. & pub.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in setting type by hand and machine for printing books, magazines, newspapers, catalogs, and pamphlets. Inspects typesetting operations to verify conformance with work order specifications. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

973.381-010 COMPOSITOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: typesetter; typographer

Sets type by hand and machine, and assembles type and cuts in galley for printing articles, headings, and other printed matter, determining type size, style, and compositional pattern from work order: Measures copy with line gauge to determine length of line. Sets composing stick to line length indicated on line gauge. Selects type from type case and sets it in compositional sequence, reading from copy. Inserts spacers between words or units to balance and justify lines. Transfers type from stick to galley when setup is complete. Inserts leads, slugs, or lines of quads between lines to adjust length of setup. Prepares proof copy of setup, using proof press. Examines proof for errors, corrects setup, and forwards it to imposing stone or bank. Cleans type after use and distributes it to specified boxes in type case. May set type to print copy that is unaccompanied by specifications, using knowledge of composition and printing processes. May be designated Job Compositor (print. & pub.) when setting type in commercial printing establishments or Ad Compositor (print. & pub.) when assembling type and cuts for display advertisements.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-014 COMPOSITOR APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: typesetter apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-018 JOB PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: country printer; printer

Sets type according to copy and operates cylinder or automatic platen press to print complete job order: Selects type from type case and inserts type in printer's stick to reproduce material in copy. Inserts spacers between words and leads between lines. Slides type from stick into galley. Removes assembled type from galley and places type on composing stone. Places chase over type, inserts quoins, and locks chase to hold type. Lays form (type in locked chase) on bed of proof press, inks type, fastens sheet of paper to press roller, and pulls roller over form to make proof copy. Reads proof for errors and clarity of impression. Corrects errors by resetting type and improves impression by tapping face of type with hammer. Positions form (type in locked chase) on bed of press and tightens clamps, using wrench. Fills ink fountain and moves lever to adjust flow of ink. Sets feed guides according to size and thickness of paper. Runs proofsheet through press and examines sheet for clarity of impression. Pushes button to start press, examines printed sheets, and adjusts press when printing is defective. Cleans ink rollers at end of run.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-022 JOB-PRINTER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: country-printer apprentice; printer's devil

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-026 MAKE-UP ARRANGER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: stone hand

Arranges, groups, and locks galley setups of type, cuts, and headings in chases, according to dummy makeup sheet, for direct printing, reproduction proofs, or fabrication of stereotype and electrotype plates: Positions chase on imposing stone and transfers type and cuts from galley to chase, arranging type forms and units as specified on makeup sheet. Inserts lead or wooden strips between forms and units to maintain spacing during printing. Places quoins between type matter and chase frame and turns quoin key or setscrews in chase frame to lock type in place. May refile type in storage cabinets or dump type in remelt box subsequent to printing. May cut wood or lead strips to size to fabricate spacing inserts, using power saw.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-030 PROOFSHEET CORRECTOR (print. & pub.)

Replaces slugs in set type to correct errors indicated on proofsheet preparatory to printing of final copy: Arranges galleys of linotype slugs (takes) in sequence on correction table. Compares corrected type slugs against proof to detect errors. Compares guide symbols on proof with galley symbol, and reads portion of proof and galley text to locate positions for insertion of corrected slugs. Removes incorrect portion and manually inserts corrections. Cuts slugs to size to achieve specified fit, using electric saw. Keeps tabular material in specified sequence when correcting type line errors or adding new lines. Stores proofs in designated drawers and in sequence for specified period and disposes of obsolete proofs. Removes unwanted portions of lines from previously published editions, inserts new or corrected lines, and rearranges balance of slugs for next edition.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.681-010 GALLEY STRIPPER (print. & pub.)

Prepares page layouts, arranges, and mounts galleys of type, illustrations, sketches, and folios to be used in preparing printed material, using drafting and cutting instruments: Measures and marks paper according to artist's layout, customer specifications, and instructions of supervisor to determine position of type and other material, using rules and drafting instruments. Cuts out and removes errors in galley, using cutting instruments, and strips in corrections or alterations, using tape. Cuts out illustrations, type matter, and other material, using scissors or knife, and arranges and fits material or positions material for emphasis on paper according to layout marks.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

974 ELECTROTYPERS, STEREOTYPERS, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing printing surface of units of type, line or halftone plates, or full pages, using an electrochemical process that plates a mold of type surface with copper, chrome, or other metal to form a shell, backed with type metal; or by making a matrix of type and casting a curved or flat plate in stereotype metal; routing or planing cast plate to specified thickness; and mounting plates for printing.

974.131-010 SUPERVISOR, ELECTROTYPING AND STEREOTYPING (print. & pub.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparation of duplicate electrotype and stereotype printing plates: Examines items, such as plastic molds, proof prints, stereotype casting molds, and finished printing plates to ensure conformance to company standards or customer specifications. Requisitions parts, supplies, and materials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.381-010 ELECTROTYPER (print. & pub.)

Fabricates and finishes duplicate electrotype printing plates, according to specifications, using handtools, electroplating equipment, and metal casting, trimming, and forming machines: Forms plastic mold of composed type and cuts, using sheet-molding fiber and hydraulic press. Sprays mold with silver solution and immerses mold in plating tank. Separates mold from plated shell and fills back of shell with molten lead to form plate, using pouring ladle or casting machine. Removes excess metal from edges and back of plate, using power shear and milling machines. Examines plate to detect imperfect formation of halftone dots, lines, and type, using magnifier, and corrects defects, using engraver's handtools, punches, and hammer. Mounts finished plates on wood or metal blocks for flatbed presses or curves plate for cylinder presses, using hammer, nails, bonding press, or plate-curving machine. Removes excess metal from nonprinting areas of plate surface, using radial or cylindrical routing machine. May operate proof press to obtain proof of plate reproduction and registration. May revise plates to customer's specifications. May be known according to task performed as Electrotype Caster (print. & pub.); Electrotype Molder (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.381-014 ELECTROTYPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.382-010 STEREOTYPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.382-014 STEREOTYPER (print. & pub.)

Operates machines to press face of composed type and plates into wood-fiber mat to form stereotype casting mold, pour molten metal into mold, and finish castings by cutting, shaving, and trimming to form plates for printing: Drills matching holes in series of mounted color plates to be duplicated and inserts pilot pins in base to register all plates to key plate for mat molding. Lays sheet of mat paper on form or plates, covers assembly with molding blanket and protective sheet, and pushes assembly to self-feeding rollers of mat-rolling machine or into cavity of hydraulic press. Adjusts time, temperature, and pressure controls to form and dry mold. Cuts and pastes pieces of paper felt or cardboard in large nonprinting areas of mat to prevent collapse during casting of plate. Aligns and notches mats of series with key color mat (mold), using matching machine with monocolor magnifier attachment. Aligns notches with pins of trimming machine and pushes lever to trim three edges of mat simultaneously. Lays mat on casting box platen and arranges steel bars on three sides of mat to confine molten type metal. Pours metal into casting box by hand or operates automatic stereotype plate-casting machine. Trims plates to specified size [PLATE FINISHER (print. & pub.)]. Coats curved plates with nickel [PLATER (electroplating)]. May register series of color plates and mats by transparent acetate overlay process. May be designated according to task performed as Stereotype Caster (print. & pub.); Stereotype Molder (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.682-010 BLOCKER, METAL BASE (print. & pub.)

Operates machines to cast blocks of type metal, mill blocks to specified size, and bond blocks to printing plates: Fills melting pot of stereotype casting machine with bars of metal alloy and sets thermostatic control. Tightens clamps on casting box cover and raises casting box to vertical position. Moves lever on melting pot to open pouring gate or ladles molten metal into honeycomb mold in casting box. Removes cast metal block from casting box after it has cooled and cuts to size on trim saw. Operates block leveling machine to mill block surface to specified height. Cuts sheet of thermoplastic bond film to size. Inserts film between plate back and block top and places assembly on sliding table of heat press. Makes proof of cut on transparent plastic sheet to verify color register, using proof press. Marks plates for filing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976 DARKROOM OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with photographing flat copy; enlarging or reducing copy by projection printing; contact printing; developing and fixing negatives, positives, and prints; developing and printing still or motion-picture black-and-white or color film; toning, dodging, or otherwise controlling resulting prints; and mixing photographic chemicals.

976.131-010 LABORATORY CHIEF (photofinishing) alternate titles: laboratory manager; photographic-laboratory supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in developing photographic prints from negatives, copying and enlarging prints, and in production of lantern slides, and airbrushing and retouching prints: Inspects finished film and prints for sharpness, color balance, and brilliance. Directs workers in care and setting up of field laboratory equipment. Requisitions and distributes materials and supplies. Assists workers in performance of tasks, such as airbrushing and retouching photographic prints. May set up and adjust laboratory equipment. May assist in classification of pictures as confidential or restricted before their release from laboratory. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise and coordinate crew engaged in developing, printing, enlarging, and finishing prints in portable truck-drawn photographic laboratory and be designated Trailer Chief (photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

976.131-014 SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (motion picture; photofinishing; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: film technician; laboratory contact supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in developing exposed black-and-white and color motion picture film. Examines samples of developed film for defects, such as scratches, cracks, and contours. Directs workers to make machine adjustments to correct defects. Monitors gauges of developing solution tanks to ensure adherence to specifications. Sets up or corrects set-up of photographic processing machines. Collects and submits film strips and processing solutions to quality control department for analysis. Mends film breaks, replaces film reels, and performs minor repair work on machines, using handtools. Notifies maintenance supervisor when major repair is required. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.131-018 SUPERVISOR, MICROFILM DUPLICATING UNIT (business ser.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in microfilm reproduction activities, including laboratory processing, computer output microfilming, optical character recognition and microfiche duplicating: Advises customer agencies of services available, equipment needs, and microfilming costs. Operates and repairs microfilming equipment as required to provide continuing service. Provides advice and counsel to units of local government and private agencies with respect to technical and procedural aspects of microfilming. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.131-022 SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting, testing, and processing photographic materials and conducts tests to establish and maintain quality standards: Instructs workers in use of equipment and procedures and tours department to evaluate quality of work. Performs tests on film strips to determine photographic density, using densitometer, and records readings on chart to plot changes from established norms. Computes setup time factors for printing equipment to determine optional settings for color and density, using mathematical formulas, and sets up or notifies other workers to set up equipment accordingly. Authorizes adjustments when workers report significant change in temperature readings of equipment. Inspects equipment to detect mechanical malfunctioning and confers with maintenance personnel to authorize and schedule repairs. Advises management on adaptability of new processes or purchase of new equipment. Studies production records, company operational reports, customer comments, and manufacturers' recommendations for use and operation of photographic equipment to establish quality control standards. Prepares reports, such as budget of operational expenses, stock inventories, and personnel evaluation and submits reports to management. Confers with administrative and technical personnel to coordinate interdepartmental workflow. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.131-026 SUPERVISOR, TYPE PHOTOGRAPHY (machinery mfg.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photographing, developing, printing, examining, measuring, and sorting type characters used in production of phototypesetting type disks: Schedules daily production activities, utilizing computerized production control system, and assigns work to staff based on priorities, knowledge of worker capability, and capacity of machines and equipment. Observes workflow to ensure schedules are maintained. Examines production operations at each station to ensure adherence to specifications and quality standards, using comparator-profile projector and rules. Confers with staff to resolve production problems and provide technical assistance. Interviews job applicants and trains new staff. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

976.132-010 SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (photofinishing)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photofinishing operations, such as preparing photographic negatives and paper, and developing, sorting, and checking prints: Trains new workers and demonstrates new techniques to improve skills of experienced workers. Flips switches and turns controls on master panelboard to start photographic processing equipment, admit solutions to processing tanks, and to adjust solution temperature and flow rate. Monitors operation of machinery and equipment to detect defective parts. Repairs defects, such as loose nuts and bolts, and notifies maintenance department when major repairs are required. May perform duties of subordinates to maintain production or to replace absent worker. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.134-010 SUPERVISOR, CUTTING AND SPLICING (motion picture; photofinishing)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in numbering, cutting, assembling, splicing, and inspecting negative slide or motion picture film: Trains new workers in techniques, such as cutting out censored or defective scenes from film strip, assembling and splicing film strips together, and printing footage numbers on film rolls. Inserts film strip in splicing machine to test sealing unit and adjusts temperature controls of machine to obtain permanent seal without burning film. Inserts film strips in stapling machine to ascertain that film is secured in prescribed manner. Examines assembled film over bench lamp to detect cutting and splicing errors and to verify edited arrangement of picture sequence according to work order and editorial instructions. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.137-014 SUPERVISOR, FINISHING DEPARTMENT (photofinishing) alternate titles: checking department supervisor; finishing department supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting, checking, spotting, mounting, pricing, and packaging film negatives and prints to prepare orders for shipment: Plans and conducts training programs for new workers and to improve skills of experienced workers. Inspects work in progress to verify consistency of workers' decisions with company standards. Inspects equipment, makes minor adjustments, and confers with maintenance personnel to schedule major repairs. Reviews price listings of merchandise and indicates price changes on listings according to instructions from management. Requisitions supplies according to worker requirements and records of supplies on hand. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May perform duties of subordinates to prevent production lag.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.267-010 QUALITY-CONTROL TECHNICIAN (photofinishing)

Examines photographic prints, processed film, cameras and other photographic equipment for defects or faulty operation to determine course of action required to satisfy customer complaints: Reviews unresolved requests for adjustment of complaints and reads customer comments to determine basis of complaint and plan of action needed to resolve complaint. Spreads negatives and prints on illuminated worktable and uses magnifying glass to detect defects, such as incorrect coloring, shading, or cutting. Determines cause of defect and type correction required based on knowledge of photo processing and finishing techniques. Prepares memorandum to processing department and confers with SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing) to suggest remedies to prevent subsequent errors in processing. Contacts customer to explain causes for defects and confers with sales-service personnel to resolve technical questions and to demonstrate correct usage of photographic equipment. Prepares reports indicating complaints handled and dispositions made.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.360-010 PRINT CONTROLLER (photofinishing)

Sets up and adjusts photographic print developing equipment according to density, color, and size of prints: Positions film in densitometer, reads dials, and records findings on plot sheet to locate defects in density and color balance. Confers with SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing) to determine adjustments required to bring print machine into balance. Runs test film strip through print machine to evaluate machine exposure. Removes cover from control panel of print machine to gain access to control shafts and adjustment knobs, using wrench. Plugs electric timer into printer to determine time elapsed during printing operation. Starts equipment, observes timer, and adjusts shafts and knobs to attain specified process settings, using handtools. Locks control shafts of printer into position subsequent to final adjustment to prevent shifting in color or density balance during printing. Keeps record of adjustments made for departmental use.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.361-010 REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (any industry) alternate titles: copy-camera operator; photolith operator; vacuum-frame operator

Duplicates printed material on sensitized paper, cloth, or film according to customer specifications, using photographic equipment and handtools: Reads work order and confers with supervisor to determine processes, techniques, equipment, and materials required. Places original on sensitized material in vacuum frame. Mounts camera on tripod or stand and loads prescribed type and size film in camera. Sets camera controls to regulate exposure time according to line density of original and type of sensitized material. Activates camera to expose sensitized material, imprinting original on material. Develops exposed material [DEVELOPER (photofinishing) 976.681-010]. Examines developed reprint for defects, such as broken lines, spots, and blurs, and touches up defects, using chemicals, inks, brushes, and pens. May enlarge reprints [PROJECTION PRINTER (photofinishing) 976.381-018]. May reprint original in sections and piece sections together.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.362-010 FILM INSPECTOR (photofinishing) alternate titles: quality-control projectionist; reel-film inspector

Operates motion picture projector to inspect home movie film and visually examines slides for defects to determine need for reprocessing and repair: Randomly selects specified number of home movie reels and inserts reels in magazine of projector. Threads film through projector onto take-up reel. Starts projector and adjusts lens to focus image on screen. Examines projected image to detect defective exposure or color density and presence of scratches or foreign matter. Records findings on quality control sheet and notifies processing department personnel regarding need for machine adjustments or customer regarding defective camera lens. Measures width of film to determine accuracy of slitting, using precision measuring instrument, and notifies slitting department personnel when width is not within specified tolerances. Examines specified number of randomly selected photographic slides to detect scratches or defects in color density, accuracy, and exposure. Records type defect and reprocessing required on quality control form and routes form and defective slides to processing department. Conveys acceptable reels and slides to packaging department. Collects daily reports from production personnel, totals production figures, and calculates production averages to determine whether quotas have been met.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.380-010 COMPUTER-CONTROLLED-COLOR-PHOTOGRAPH-PRINTER OPERATOR (photofinishing)

Sets up and operates computerized photofinishing equipment to produce color photographic prints from negatives: Develops test film strip and prints test photographic prints from negative at specified intervals, using film processing and printing equipment, to ensure photofinishing equipment functions according to processing standards. Tests film strip and prints for conformance to color density values, using densitometer. Plots and records reading on charts and compares results with standards to ascertain color balance deviation and need for program changes, following processing control manual. Keys program changes into computer and posts changes in processing log to maintain record of changes. Measures and mixes specified chemicals and transfers solutions to reservoirs of photofinishing equipment. Reads customer photofinishing order to ascertain film type, number of prints desired, and delivery date and to determine machine settings and lens requirement for printing photos. Replaces lens and negative carrier in printer according to film type to be processed. Adjusts controls to regulate frame and paper size. Scans computer display unit to ensure specified program mode is operational and inputs code changes. Keys in billing information according to film type and number of exposures to be printed. Positions negatives in frame of carrier and depresses pedal to actuate printing action. Examines prints for variations from standards and keys in computer changes to maintain computer programming of color values in printing operation. Removes customer sales slip from billing unit and attaches slip to envelope containing customer film and prints.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.381-010 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN I (motion picture)

Evaluates motion picture film to determine characteristics, such as sensitivity to light, density, and exposure time required for printing, using sensitometer, densitometer, and timer lights: Threads film strip through sensitometer, exposes film to light, and reads gauges to determine film's sensitivity to light. Threads film strip through densitometer and exposes film to light to determine density of film. Computes amount of light intensity needed to compensate for density of film, using standardized formulas. Exposes film strip to progressively timed lights to compare effects of various exposure times. Examines developed film strip to determine optimal exposure time and light intensity required for printing. Records test data and routes to FILM DEVELOPER (motion picture; photofinishing) and FILM PRINTER (motion picture). May be designated according to specialty as Densitometrist (motion picture); Sensitometrist (motion picture); Timer (motion picture).
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.381-014 MICROFICHE DUPLICATOR (business ser.)

Prepares microfiche duplicates of microfilm, using contact printer and developing machine: Cuts roll of exposed microfilm to specified lengths, using paper cutter. Aligns film strips in lighted vacuum box and tapes strips together to assemble master print. Inserts master print and sensitized paper into vacuum frame of printer, sets timer, and activates printer to transfer image from master print to paper, producing microfiche print. Feeds print into machine that develops and fixes image by heat-ammonia process [BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) 979.682-014]. Positions print on lighted table and examines print to detect imperfections, using magnifier. Affixes identification label to microfiche print.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.381-018 PROJECTION PRINTER (photofinishing) alternate titles: photograph enlarger; projection-camera operator

Produces enlarged or reduced photographic prints from original negative or positive, using projection printer: Sorts orders according to type, size, and processing requirements. Examines negative for contrast to determine grade of sensitized paper required for print. Places sensitized paper on easel and adjusts sliding arms of easel to outline specified area on paper, or threads paper through guides onto takeup spool and secures with tape. Places negative in holder and slides holder beneath light. Raises or lowers carriage of printer to focus image within outlined area on paper. Selects lens assembly according to size and type of negative to be printed and positions lens in holder. Adjusts lens opening, sets exposure timer, and starts machine. Varies contrast by shading darker image areas with hand or sheet of paper (dodging). Develops exposed paper [DEVELOPER (photofinishing)]. Examines developed prints to detect color deficiencies, scratches, and dust specks, and retouches print to remove defects, using paints, pencils, brush, and cloth. Computes customer charges and maintains production record.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.381-022 TEMPLATE REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: tooling reproduction technician

Reproduces images of engineering drawings, tracings, stencils, layouts, templates, and other work aids onto base materials to produce working patterns used in manufacturing aircraft parts, using photographic and x-ray reproduction cameras, contact printers, and related equipment: Reads work order to determine nature of material to be copied, enlargement or reduction required, and equipment to be used. Sets up, operates, and adjusts photographic and reduction equipment to produce pattern negatives and to reproduce image from negative onto emulsion-treated or sensitized base material. Mixes developing and processing solutions, and immerses exposed materials in developing, processing, and rinsing solutions to produce image, manually or using material handling devices. Visually inspects image for quality. Cuts base material to specified dimensions, using power shear. May operate equipment to wash and dry processed materials. May operate photographic equipment to reproduce pattern on transparent plastic film. May laminate sensitized material onto base material.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

976.382-010 CAMERA OPERATOR, TITLE (motion picture)

Photographs title cards bearing foreign-language titles and dialogue on standard motion picture film for use with films for export: Sets title card on photographing rack. Switches on mercury light. Mounts rolls of film in camera and adjusts and focuses lens. Photographs title cards, removes film from camera, and forwards it for developing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.382-014 COLOR-PRINTER OPERATOR (photofinishing)

Controls equipment to produce color prints from negatives: Reads customer instructions to determine processing requirement. Loads roll or magazine of printing paper into color printing equipment. Examines color negative to determine equipment control settings for production of prints meeting acceptable color-fidelity standards. Sets controls in accordance with examination, loads negative into machine, and starts machine to produce specified number of prints. Removes printed photographic paper from machine and places paper in film bag for further processing or in developing machine. Inspects finished prints for defects, such as dust and smudges, and removes defects, using brush, cloth, and cleaning fluid. Inserts processed negatives and prints into envelope for return to customer.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

976.382-018 FILM DEVELOPER (motion picture; photofinishing) alternate titles: developer operator

Operates machine to develop still or motion-picture film: Pulls reel of motion-picture film or rack of film strips through trapdoor into darkroom. Examines film to determine type processing required, utilizing knowledge of film developing techniques. Feels edges of film to detect tears and repairs film, using hand stapler. Mounts film in guide slot of developing machine according to length of time required for processing and pulls lever to lower film into processing position. Flips switch to start machine that transports film through series of solutions and into drying cabinet to develop and dry film. Observes film passing through machine to determine density of image and adjusts machine controls to shorten or lengthen path of film through solutions according to observation. May be designated according to type film developed as Negative Developer (motion picture; photofinishing); Positive Developer (motion picture; photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.382-022 PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: photocopy operator

Sets up and operates photostat machine to duplicate printed material, such as manuscripts: Places roll of sensitized paper in machine. Measures length and width of material to be copied, using rule. Computes percentage of enlargement or reproduction necessary, using chart or percentage scale. Mounts material on easel beneath lens, turns on light, and moves controls to focus lens on material. Estimates exposure time, according to size of lens aperture, grade of sensitized paper, and intensity of light. Places filter over lens to make color separation when copying color work. Sets automatic timer and starts exposure. Rolls exposed section of sensitized paper into developer tank inside machine and presses lever to cut section from roll. Turns crank to transfer print to pan of hypo (fixing fluid) attached to machine. Examines print for sharpness of line. Rinses developed print in water and places print in heated drying cabinet, between blotters, or on heated cylinders of roll-dryer. Trims excess margin from dried print, using cutting blade.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.382-030 PHOTOGRAPHIC ALIGNER, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: aligner

Operates photographic equipment to align and expose mask circuit pattern with photoresist-coated semiconductor wafer to produce image of circuit pattern on wafer surface: Inserts mask into aligning equipment. Places wafer in wafer holders, such as chuck or conveyor, using tweezers or vacuum wand, to load aligning equipment. Presses buttons to position wafers underneath microscope and aligning head. Observes wafer through microscope and turns knobs to align mask with index points on wafer. Presses button to activate wafer exposing cycle. Maintains production records.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

976.382-034 STEP-AND-REPEAT REDUCTION CAMERA OPERATOR (electron. comp.)

Operates step-and-repeat camera and film developer to reduce electronic drawings to specified size and to repeat pattern on photographic (photo mask) plates used in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Positions and aligns electronic drawing and photographic plates in holding fixtures of camera. Turns adjustment knobs to attain specified focus. Sets control panel dials according to specifications, or loads preprogrammed tape into computerized control panel, and activates camera. Feeds film into automatic machine that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film, or moves film from tank to tank in developing unit, using tongs or tweezers and utilizing knowledge of film development techniques to develop film. Records process information in production log. May inspect electronic drawing or exposed plate.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

976.382-038 PHOTO MASK PATTERN GENERATOR (electron. comp.) alternate titles: pattern generator operator

Operates pattern-generating machine to transfer integrated circuit pattern onto surface of $T3reticle$T1 for use by PHOTO MASK PROCESSOR (electron. comp.) 976.384-014 in production of photo mask plates used in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Reads specifications to determine production data and enters data into pattern-generating machine, using keyboard. Loads digitizer tape into machine reader to control exposure process. Positions unexposed photoresist coated reticle on projection stage of machine and adjusts focus. Types commands to activate machine that exposes photoresist on reticle to circuit pattern. Tends developing and etching equipment to develop and etch pattern on reticle. Inspects reticle for defects, using microscope.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

976.384-010 PHOTO TECHNICIAN (electron. comp.)

Prints and develops film of circuit designs for use in fabricating printed circuit boards (PCB's), using photographic equipment and knowledge of photographic processing: Reads work order to determine photographic techniques required. Aligns artwork developed from circuitry blueprint and other specifications with duplicating film on darkroom light table, following prescribed procedures. Tapes materials to table or closes table lid and depresses control to activate vacuum device that holds work in alignment during processing. Adjusts camera settings for reduction or enlargement of image, according to work order specifications, and sets or activates timer that controls exposure time of film. Feeds exposed film into machine that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film [PRINT DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing) 976.685-026]. Examines film to verify that reproduced image meets quality standards. May touch up artwork or developed film, using tape, knife, brush, or pen. May submerse exposed film in series of baths to develop and fix image, and dry film, using squeegee and electric dryer. May print and develop circuit image on diazo film, using automatic equipment, and be designated Diazo Technician (electron. comp.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

976.384-014 PHOTO MASK PROCESSOR (electron. comp.)

Prints and develops working photo mask plates from master plate for subsequent use in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Reads work order to determine process specifications. Loads unexposed plates and master plate in holding fixture of printing machine. Adjusts controls and activates machine that exposes blank plates to image on master plate. Develops exposed plates, using developing equipment, chemicals, and dryer. Cleans developing equipment periodically and refills chemicals in developing sinks. Cleans master plate at specified intervals, using cleaning and rinsing solutions and ultrasonic equipment.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 88

976.385-010 MICROFILM PROCESSOR (business ser.)

Tends machine that automatically processes microfilm and examines processed film to ensure that quality of microfiche meets established standards: Loads film into magazine of camera under darkroom conditions, attaches magazine to camera, and splices end of film to leader in machine to facilitate threading film, using splicing tape. Flips switches and turns valves to activate machine components and functions, such as blower, squeegee, water flow into processor, and rate of processing chemical replenishment. Monitors machine warning lights to detect processing malfunctions, such as break in film or leader, and takes action to correct malfunction, using knowledge of machine operation. Records film processing information, such as film type, developing speed, and rate of chemical replenishment to maintain film log. Examines processed film to ensure numerical order and clarity of microfiche, using film winder, light table, and magnifier. Marks defective microfiche section of film and lists identifying number of sections on identification sheet to indicate refilming required. Measures optical density of random film section to ensure standard processing, using densitometer. Places film on cutter, aligns markings on cutter and film, and moves cutting instrument across film to separate individual microfiche sections of film. Discards defective microfiche and places acceptable microfiche in envelope for further processing. Mixes processing chemicals to maintain supply, following specified formula, using mixing machine. Processes sample film and measures density of film to enable MICROFILM-CAMERA OPERATOR (business ser.) 976.682-022 to determine exposure settings for new batches of film.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

976.487-010 PHOTOGRAPH FINISHER (photofinishing) alternate titles: print finisher

Performs any combination of following tasks to dry, trim, and mount photographic prints: Places washed print on conveyor leading to heated rotating cylinder that dries and flattens print. Trims print edges, using paper cutter or scissors. Inserts print in specified frame or mounts print on material, such as paper, cardboard, or fabric, using cement or hand operated press. Inserts print and corresponding negative in customer envelope. Computes price of order, according to size and number of prints, and marks price on customer envelope. May cut film lengthwise to separate individual print rolls, using slitting machine.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.564-010 DETAILER, SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPHS (photofinishing)

Performs variety of tasks to prepare and disseminate school photographs: Reads photographer's work orders and records information, such as number of prints and type finish specified, as guide for processing film. Assigns control number to each order. Records customer charges on worksheet and submits to accounting department for billing. Sorts and bags film according to processing required. Cuts prints to prepare composite for group photographs, using chopping block, die, and mallet. Assembles composite and mails to picture service for processing of negative. Routes composite negative to printing section and records cost of composite service. Feeds specified photographs in gluing machine that automatically applies adhesive backing to photographs. Confers with photographers to discuss school programs available, costs, and shipping dates. Confers with customers to resolve complaints regarding missing or defective photographs. Cuts out, arranges, and pastes letters, numbers, and pictures to design advertising circulars. Maintains records indicating orders received, unit prices charged, and department earnings.
GOE: 07.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.567-010 FILM-REPLACEMENT ORDERER (motion picture)

Orders replacement footage for defective motion-picture negative film: Ascertains reel number of film, footage of film to be replaced, and intensity of light required for printing replacement. Transcribes this information on replacement ticket and delivers ticket to FILM PRINTER (motion picture).
GOE: 07.07.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.665-010 TAKE-DOWN SORTER (photofinishing)

Sorts and examines processed photographic film, repairs defective film, and tends drying cabinet that dries film: Flips switch to activate exhaust fan of drier, reads temperature gauge, and adjusts heat controls to maintain specified temperature in drier. Notifies supervisor or darkroom personnel concerning need for machine adjustments or solution changes if excessive amounts of film damage occurs. Monitors drying operation to detect dirty, twisted, or torn film in drier and removes defective film from drier. Washes film in negative cleaner to clean, soften, and straighten film and mends torn film, using tape, sealing solution, and scissors. Feels surface of film in drier to determine dryness and removes film from drier when completely dry. Examines film for clearness of image to determine printability and matches numbered label attached to film with number on customer envelope to avoid missorts. Sorts film into bins or attaches film to hooks according to size and type processing required. May compute customer charges, using pricelist.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.667-010 PHOTOGRAPHER HELPER (any industry)

Assists PHOTOGRAPHER, STILL (profess. & kin.) in taking and developing photographs: Arranges lights and screens, sets up camera at proper angle, and moves objects to secure desired background for photographs as directed. Assists in darkroom duties, such as mixing chemical solutions and developing films. May label photographs. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.681-010 DEVELOPER (photofinishing) alternate titles: darkroom worker; doper; hand developer

Develops exposed photographic film or sensitized paper in series of chemical and water baths to produce negative or positive prints: Mixes developing and fixing solutions, following formula. Immerses exposed film or photographic paper in developer solution to bring out latent image. Immerses negative or paper in stop-bath to arrest developer action, in hyposolution to fix image, and in water to remove chemicals. Dries prints or negatives, using sponge or squeegee, or places them in mechanical air drier. May produce color photographs, negatives, and slides, using color reproduction processes, and be designated Color-Laboratory Technician (photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.682-010 FILM PRINTER (motion picture) alternate titles: daily release and dupe printer; positive printer operator

Sets up and operates motion picture film printing machine to produce positive images and soundtrack from negative film: Reads work orders to determine type film to be printed and type printing aperture required. Installs specified printing aperture in machine. Mounts rolls of positive and negative film on machine spindles and threads film through guide rollers, tension bars, picture and sound apertures and onto winding reel to synchronize negative and positive films for printing. Starts machine to pass films through printing apertures and produce positive images and soundtrack. Examines film passing through machine and turns lever of rheostat to adjust intensity of printing light according to control card specifications, or installs punched tape in machine that controls light and color densities during printing operation. Packages films in labeled containers subsequent to printing. May operate printer equipped with negative viewer and evaluate scene frames to select frames with specified photographic characteristics preparatory to printing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.682-014 PRINTER OPERATOR, BLACK-AND-WHITE (photofinishing) alternate titles: photograph printer

Operates printer to produce black-and-white photographic prints from negatives: Mounts roll of sensitized paper on spindle of printer and threads paper through guides, rollers, and onto take-up spindle. Prepares batch identification sheet, positions sheet in printer, and activates printer to transfer information from sheet to sensitized paper. Prints identification number on customer envelope, using stamping machine. Removes negative strip or single negative from envelope and cleans negatives to remove dust particles, using air blower or gloved finger. Inserts negative in printer and examines image to determine whether picture setting is in or out-of-doors. Activates printer and adjusts control knobs to produce photographic prints of required shading and density. Places printed roll in envelope and seals envelope to prevent exposure to light.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.682-018 RECTIFICATION PRINTER (any industry)

Operates rectification printer to remove aerial photograph distortions caused by variations in axis and tilt of airplane in relation to earth's surface: Positions roll of negative film in holder so that first negative is over lens in printer. Places print paper on easel of printer. Turns screws to regulate vertical and horizontal axis of printer and distance of printer from easel, following chart of axis, tilt, and scale settings received with film. Adjusts shutter speed and lens opening, according to kind of negative film and print paper used. Exposes negative and paper to light to print photograph.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.682-022 MICROFILM-CAMERA OPERATOR (business ser.)

Operates microfilm unit camera to film documents: Selects and inserts format disk, turns knobs and flips switches to set controls of unit operation, such as exposure time, margin space, and camera action, according to format instructions. Selects specified camera lens according to document reduction ratios desired on film and slides lens into position on unit. Loads film into camera and splices film to device that facilitates movement of film through unit, using splicing tape. Positions documents on unit feed belt, depresses pedal to activate camera, and observes control panel to monitor unit operation. Replaces film or realigns documents according to signal lights on control panel. Observes colors on printed documents to determine exposure settings based on predetermined standards, and adjusts unit controls to obtain desired effects. Removes film from unit and wraps film in light-resistant bag for further processing. Completes film identification sheet that indicates indexing numbers of microfilm and attaches sheet to bag for reference by MICROFILM PROCESSOR (business ser.) 976.385-010. May work in darkroom and develop exposed film through chemical processing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.684-010 DENSITY CONTROL PUNCHER (motion picture)

Punches symbols in perforated tape or notches in negative film which control color and light density changes during printing of motion picture film, using electric tape puncher, film footage counter, and hand notcher: Punches density control symbols in tape according to timing specifications, using tape puncher. Feeds tape through viewing machine and observes light, color, and film footage recordings to verify accuracy of punched symbols. Mounts roll of filter tape or reel of negative film on bench spindle and threads material through footage counter onto takeup spindle. Turns crank to wind material through footage counter and observes footage recording or negative image to determine where density changes are required. Stops counter at point where density change is indicated and cuts filter tape, using cutting machine or notches film, using hand notcher. Routes tape and film to printing department. Maintains production records. May be designated according to method used as Matte Cutter (motion picture); Negative Notcher (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.684-014 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN (motion picture; photofinishing)

Performs any combination of following tasks to process motion picture film: Mixes specified chemicals according to formula to prepare solutions for use in processing film. Cuts and arranges film and splices film together according to written instructions or edited test print, using splicer. Compares film with edited print to detect irregularities in detail and color. Projects film on screen to detect defects in printing and developing, such as blurs, scratches, and perforations, using motion picture projector. Approves film for release, rejects defective film, or routes film to specified department for further processing. May be designated according to specialty as Film Inspector (motion picture); Film Splicer (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.684-018 MOUNTER, HAND (photofinishing)

Cuts and mounts photographic film transparencies, using film cutter and heat-sealing press: Positions film roll on spindle of cutting machine and threads end of film into rack or along track in front of lighted screen, and under cutter knives. Inspects film for defects, such as blank or black film and double exposures. Aligns exposure separation line with cutter knives and depresses pedal to cut film along line. Positions cut film in center of mount and folds edges of mount over film. Inserts mount in heating press that automatically numbers, seals, and ejects mount into tray. Packs mounts in boxes for shipment.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.684-022 PRINT WASHER (photofinishing)

Washes and dries photographic prints, using print-washing pan, blotter, and wringer: Places developed prints in print-washing pan and activates mechanism that rotates pan to wash prints. Immerses prints in chemical solution subsequent to washing cycle to increase flexibility of prints. Dries prints, using blotter, or positions prints on metal plates, and dries prints, using wringer. Inserts prints in rack on open-faced frames to complete drying process. May examine prints for stains and other defects and return defective prints to developing room. May remove excess water from washed prints to prevent watermarks, using sponge or squeegee.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.684-026 SPLICER (photofinishing)

Joins strips of undeveloped film and winds film onto reels for subsequent processing, using splicing device and bench winder: Places one roll of film on spindle and another at end of splicer. Positions ends of each roll in splicing device. Depresses pedal to trim ends and form joint, or perforates film, using hand punch. Depresses pedal to drive staples into ends of film, pushes switch to lower heat-sealing head over film ends, or applies adhesive tape over joint to splice film ends. Removes film from splicing device and winds film on reel, using bench winder. Places film in container. May cut 16 mm. film into 8 mm. strips before splicing and be designated Slitter, Processed Film (photofinishing).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.684-030 CONTACT PRINTER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: exposure machine operator; imager; photo printer; photoresist printer

Prints circuit image on photoresist film-laminated panels for use in fabricating printed circuit boards (PCB's), using contact printer: Aligns (registers) one or more circuit negative films with film-laminated circuit board panel in drawer of contact printer vacuum frame. Activates printer controls to create vacuum and secure negative film against circuit board panel. Activates printer to expose negative and panel film to ultraviolet light and transfer circuit image onto panel film. Lifts drawer cover and removes PCB panel and negative. May measure light intensity of contact printer, using exposure meter, tapes, or radiometer, and adjust exposure time according to specifications. May secure negative and panel in vacuum frame, using jig or tape. May examine printed panels for defects in printed circuit. May feed circuit board panels into machine that develops exposed circuit pattern on panels. May tend equipment that laminates photoresist film to circuit board panels. May print circuit pattern on dry photoresist film for use in manufacturing double-sided and flexible PCB's and be designated Contact Printer, Dry Film (electron. comp.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.684-034 CONTACT PRINTER, PHOTORESIST (inst. & app.; optical goods) alternate titles: reticle printer

Prints reticles or patterns on optical lenses, metal films, and other materials used in optical instruments, using printing equipment: Cleans material surfaces to facilitate adherence of photoresist solution, using solvents and pumice. Pours, brushes, or sprays photoresist solution onto material or dips material into photoresist tank to apply coating. Places material into drier to set photoresist. Positions material in vacuum printer, using handtools, such as tweezers and vacuum probe. Positions and aligns reticle pattern or mask over top of material, using binocular microscope, and activates vacuum to hold assembly in alignment. Sets printer time controls for specified exposure period and activates printer that exposes photoresist to light to print pattern onto material. Develops photoresist image on material, using developing solution, and places printed material into drier. May etch printed material, using etching equipment, or fill surfaces to specified thickness, using vacuum deposition equipment, to create reticle or pattern on material. May prepare photo masks for reticle-making process, using photographic equipment. May strip photoresist from material after etching or filling.
GOE: 05.05.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

976.684-038 CONTACT WORKER, LITHOGRAPHY (print. & pub.)

Combines multiple photographic film images onto single film to assist in film assembly (stripping) process for lithographic printing: Aligns negative or positive film image over unexposed film (duplicating or contact) and places film assembly into or on top of vacuum frame. Lowers top of frame or places vinyl sheeting over film and activates vacuum to maintain contact between original and unexposed film. Sets time controls and activates high intensity light source that exposes film to specified amount of time and light. Removes negative or positive and places exposed film in automatic processor that develops image on film.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

976.685-010 CUTTER (photofinishing) alternate titles: film cutter; print cutter

Tends automatic or semiautomatic machines that cut processed film or prints into single or multiple units: Examines film or print roll to determine size, number of cuts required, and type machine to use. Turns setscrews to adjust machine guides to roll width and sets density meter on automatic machine to coincide with sensitized marks on roll that control release of cutting blade. Threads roll through machine guides and starts machine that automatically cuts roll into individual or multiple units or depresses pedal of semiautomatic machine to cut roll. Cuts rolls of nonstandard width, using scissors or hand operated paper cutter. Inserts units in customer envelope. Keeps production records.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.685-014 DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing) alternate titles: continuous process machine operator; film machine operator

Tends machine that develops sheets, strips, or continuous roll of film preparatory to printing: Pulls film through trapdoor into darkroom. Strips paper backing from film and attaches identifying label. Feels edges of film to detect tears and repairs film, using stapler. Reads work order or feels film for size or notches to determine type of process and developing time required. Positions racks of film on machine chain links according to developing time required or threads leader of continuous roll through machine preparatory to processing. Activates machine that automatically transports film through series of chemical baths to develop, fix, harden, bleach, and wash film. Listens for sounds that indicate machine malfunctioning and notifies supervisor or maintenance personnel when repairs are needed. May run test strip through machine for inspection by supervisor and add chemicals to or adjust machine as directed. May tend equipment that develops, fixes image, and dries x-ray plates and be designated X-Ray-Developing-Machine Operator (medical ser.).
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 89

976.685-018 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN II (motion picture)

Performs one or combination of following tasks to process motion picture film: Tends machine that automatically develops exposed film. Tends machine that dries film. Rewinds film by hand or tends machine that automatically inspects, cleans, counts footage, and rewinds reels of film. Numbers film by hand or tends machine that numbers film for identification purposes. Tends machine that brushes wax on splices to strengthen film at junctures and applies wax to sprocket holes of film to facilitate passage through projector. Removes damaged film sections or repairs defective sections, using handtools. May be designated according to specialty as Developing-Machine Tender (motion picture); Drying-Machine Tender (motion picture); Film Numberer (motion picture); Rewinder (motion picture); Waxer Tender (motion picture).
GOE: 05.12.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.685-022 MOUNTER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)

Tends automatic-mounting press that cuts film into individual transparencies, and inserts and seals transparencies in mounting frames: Loads mounting frames into machine and depresses lever to lock frames into feed position. Compares identifying labels to ensure numbers on film reel and customer envelope match. Records customer charges on envelope according to standard price listing. Mounts film reel on machine spindle and trims rough edges of film, using scissors. Threads film through machine guides and activates machine that automatically cuts film and mounts transparencies. Observes movement of film through machine to detect jamming and adjusts machine guides, using screwdriver. Notifies supervisor of major machine malfunction.
GOE: 06.04.20 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.685-026 PRINT DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)

Tends one or more machines that automatically develop, fix, wash, and dry photographic prints: Threads leaders (paper strips) around rollers, through processing tanks and dryer, around polished drum, and onto takeup reel. Turns valves to fill tanks with premixed solutions, such as developer, dyes, stop-baths, fixers, bleaches, and washes. Moves thermostatic control to keep steam-heated drum at specified temperature. Splices sensitized paper to leaders, using tape. Starts machine and throws switches to synchronize drive speeds of processing and drying units. Compares processed prints with color standard and reports variations to control department. Adds specified amounts of chemicals to renew solutions. Maintains production records.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.685-030 UTILITY WORKER, FILM PROCESSING (photofinishing)

Performs variety of tasks to assist or substitute for other workers in photofinishing laboratory: Sorts prints according to size and order number to facilitate handling. Tends automatic cutting machine that cuts roll into individual prints [CUTTER (photofinishing)]. Tends automatic film developing machine that develops and fixes image on film [DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)]. Removes prints from print developer rinse tray and tends drum-type drier that dries prints. Prepares daily production sheet, noting quantity and kind of work performed.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.685-034 DEVELOPER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PANELS (electron. comp.)

Tends equipment that develops photoresist image on panels of printed circuit boards (PCB's): Mixes specified amount of chemical solution and pours chemicals into equipment developing tank. Turns valves to admit specified amount of water into equipment reservoirs. Starts equipment and monitors conveyor systems, temperature gauges, and pumps. Adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature levels and speed of conveyor. Removes plastic protective film from upper and lower surfaces of photoresist laminated PCB panels. Places panels on conveyor that feeds panels into equipment that automatically develops photoresist circuit image on exposed photoresist film, dissolves unexposed photoresist film, and rinses and dries panels. Removes panels from conveyor and visually examines panels to detect development processing defects. Notifies supervisor of defective panels and equipment malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 89

976.685-038 PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSOR, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: resist coater-developer

Tends photographic processing machines that coat semiconductor wafers with solutions, such as photoresist and developing chemicals: Places wafers in containers, such as boats, magazines, cassettes or chuck, using vacuum wand or tweezers. Loads wafer containers in photographic processing machine, such as photoresist coater or developer. Pushes buttons and turns knobs to start automatic coating cycle. Removes container of coated wafers from machine. Cleans and maintains machines. Maintains production records. May immerse wafers in baths of developing chemicals. May place coated wafers in oven to set and dry wafers. May enter production information into computer, using computer terminal keyboard. May immerse wafers in chemical baths to etch excess photoresist or to clean wafers. May visually inspect wafers to identify defects, such as misalignment, excess photoresist, and scratches.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

976.687-010 EDITOR, SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPH (photofinishing)

Compares negatives of several poses of an individual and selects best copy to be used in printing group or individual school photographs: Mounts reel of negative film in holding device or positions negatives on illuminated worktable to examine film images and determine degree of printability. Selects best copy of negatives viewed, considering factors, such as lighting, density, pose, and whether subjects eyes are open. Cuts out selected negative, using scissors and inserts negative into transparent holder to prevent damage. Attaches approved negative to card indicating work order number and processing instructions and routes negative to printing department. Discards unselected negatives.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.687-014 PHOTO CHECKER AND ASSEMBLER (photofinishing) alternate titles: checker; inspector

Inspects, assembles, and packs mounted or unmounted negatives, color film transparencies, and photographic prints: Examines items for natural color shading, density, sharpness of image, or identifying numbers, using lighted viewing screen. Marks defective prints, using grease pencil and standardized symbols to indicate nature of defect and corrective action required in reprinting. Removes defects, such as dust and smudges from prints, using brush, cloth, and cleaning fluid. Packages and labels satisfactory prints and negatives. Maintains daily production records. May cut negatives and prints from roll, using cutting machine. May be designated according to type of print inspected as Color-Print Inspector (photofinishing); Full-Roll Inspector (photofinishing); Mounting Inspector (photofinishing); Reversal-Print Inspector (photofinishing); May inspect prints for tears, dirt, scum, or other surface defects preparatory to mounting and be designated Take-Down Inspector (photofinishing).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.687-018 PHOTOFINISHING LABORATORY WORKER (photofinishing) alternate titles: film numberer; film sorter; pricer-bagger; proof sorter; racker; reprint sorter; sorter-packer

Performs any combination of following tasks to prepare and disseminate negatives, positives, and prints in photofinishing laboratory: Reads instructions written on orders, and examines contents of orders to ascertain size, type, and number of pieces. Sorts orders according to size and type processing required. Pastes identifying label on customer order envelopes and transfer bags to ensure matching of orders subsequent to processing. Removes finished work from transfer bags subsequent to processing and computes customer charges according to pricelist. Inserts order in bag or envelope, and staples bag together or seals envelope. Pastes address label on bag or envelope. Conveys orders between departments. Distributes supplies to other photofinishing workers. Maintains records of orders sorted and packaged.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

976.687-022 PRINT INSPECTOR (photofinishing)

Inspects photographic prints for defects, using film winder: Mounts roll of prints on spindle of film winder and tapes free end of film to crankshaft. Turns crank and inspects prints for defects as film winds onto crankshaft. Compares colors with standard image to ensure that prints meet specifications. Marks defective prints with code number, using chemical pencil, to indicate nature and degree of correction required.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

977 BOOKBINDERS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with gathering pages, forms, folios, and tip-ins, and assembling them into pamphlets or books; trimming, gluing, and affixing endsheets, coverboards, or cover material; and applying decorations and lettering to fabricate books by hand, using handtools, presses, and other bench equipment. Occupations concerned with bookbinding machines are found in Group 653.

977.381-010 BOOKBINDER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: bookmaker

Cuts, assembles, glues, and sews components to bind books, according to specification, using automatic and manually operated machines, handtools, and equipment: Folds printed sheets to form signatures (pages) and assembles signatures in numerical order to form book body. Attaches endpapers to top and bottom of book body. Sews signatures and endpapers together along spine of book body, using sewing machine, or glues endpapers and signatures together along spine, using brush or glue machine. Compresses sewed or glued signatures to reduce book to required thickness, using handpress or smashing machine. Trims edges of book to size, using cutting or book trimming machine or hand cutter. Inserts book body in device that forms back edge of book into convex shape and produces grooves to facilitate attachment of cover. Applies glue to back of book, using brush or glue machine, and attaches cloth backing and headband. Applies color to edges of signatures, using brush, pad, or atomizer. Cuts binder board to specified dimension, using board shears, hand cutter, or cutting machine. Cuts cover material, such as leather or cloth, to specified dimensions and fits and glues material to binder board manually or by machine. Glues outside endpapers to cover. Places bound book in press that exerts pressure on cover until glue dries. May imprint and emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on cover, using gold, silver, or colored foil and stamping machine. May pack, weigh, and stack books on pallet for shipment. May specialize in repairing and rebinding damaged or worn books for resale or reuse.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

977.381-014 BOOKBINDER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

977.684-010 BOOK REPAIRER (any industry) alternate titles: book mender

Repairs damaged or worn books for resale or reuse, using handtools: Erases disfigurations from pages. Cuts damaged pages, linings, or covers from book body, using knife. Trims pages, using knife or paper cutter. Positions and pastes repaired or new pages, linings, or covers to book body. Clamps book in press for specified time to bond edges. May operate sewing machine to sew pages into book body. May imprint or emboss lettering on cover, using stamping machine.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

977.684-014 INLAYER (print. & pub.)

Inserts or inlays pieces of leather, cloth, or paper in artistic formal patterns in surfaces of covered bookcases to form inlaid (mosaic) bindings: Cuts out sections in bookcase cover, using pattern and knife or scissors. Positions and glues mosaic pieces in cutout sections. Usually works from patterns.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

977.684-018 PRESSER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: caser-in; joint creaser; book paster

Folds prefabricated bookcases (separately made bindings) over book bodies and compresses assembled book in press to secure cases to bodies: Folds upper half of case over top sheet of book body; stretches case tight over back of book and holds book in place on lower half of case. Presses case down on book body; centers book in case with fingers. Stacks enfolded books in press and places pressboards at intervals in stack. Turns handwheel or depresses pedal to lower press head and clamp stack. Retains books in press until glue or paste has dried. Reverses handwheel or pushes lever to raise press head, removes books, and stacks books for finishing. May coat book bodies with paste, using brush, or position books over blade of machine and press button to lower book body between saturated rollers to coat body with paste prior to positioning case over book body and be designated Caser (print. & pub.). May position enfolded books singly on press and press button to lower heated ram to crease and recrease joints on backbone of book. May wipe glue from endpapers, using cloth.
GOE: 06.02.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 89

977.684-022 STITCHER, HAND (print. & pub.)

Sews gathered and collated signatures by hand to form book preparatory to binding: Stretches holding cords over workbench frame. Positions signatures in frame according to numbered sequence and attaches signatures to holding cords, using needle and thread. Wraps cloth tape around frame to compress signatures and sews signatures together to form book. Routes book to binding department.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

977.684-026 BENCH WORKER, BINDING (print. & pub.)

Examines, marks, measures, and prepares damaged, worn, and softbound publications for rebinding, following specifications: Reads job order for special instructions. Stacks publications on table and counts books or journals to ensure order is complete as listed on shipping or job slip. Removes cover and endpapers from book body or journal, using hands or scissors. Fans pages of publication and inspects publication for duplicate pages, incorrect numbering, and incorrect placement of pages. Removes advertisements, address cards, or coupons from publication as specified. Cuts and removes thread from spine of books, using scissors. Pulls staples, sensors, or spiral bindings from journals or other publications, using handtool. Measures and records book or journal dimensions on bindery slip. Locates, folds, and trims excess border from maps or other foldouts, using scissors. Inserts specified colored paper markers between pages to identify book body with foldouts or narrow edges for BOOK TRIMMER (print. & pub.) 640.685-010. May pull endpapers and reinforcing spine strip for attachment to book body. May remove dirt from cover, using cloth and cleaning solvent. May prepare and route slip and book case to printing or laminating area. May repair cover, using tape or glue. May operate machine to emboss name and address on nonmetallic plates [EMBOSSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clerical) I 208.582-014].
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 89

977.687-010 COLLATOR, HAND (print. & pub.)

Arranges and stacks printed or unprinted sheets on worktable according to size, weight, color, or number sequence: Picks up one sheet from each stack to assemble complete set. Taps batch of sets on worktable or feeds sets into jogging machine to straighten and align sheets. Applies glue to top edges of sets, using brush or roller. Separates individual sets from glued stacks, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979 OCCUPATIONS IN GRAPHIC ART WORK, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with graphic arts, such as engraving, roller making, silk screen printing, and other graphic arts and related activities.

979.130-010 SUPERVISOR, BLUEPRINTING-AND-PHOTOCOPY (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry), PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry), FILE CLERK (clerical) I and other workers engaged in producing and filing blueprints, vandyke and ozalid prints, and photostats in an industrial plant or commercial photocopy laboratory: Sets up blueprint and photostat machines. Trains workers in operation of machines. Inspects finished prints for sharpness, density of line, and size. Consults with customers concerning work details, such as sizes of prints and prices. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise workers engaged in making photostats only and be designated Supervisor, Photostat (any industry).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.130-014 SUPERVISOR, PRINTING-SHOP (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lead printer

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photographing and assembling images, making plates, setting type, operating printing presses and related machines and equipment, and assembling and stitching pamphlets, leaflets, and books: Inspects film assembly, platemaking, printing, and binding operations to verify conformance to job order specifications. May repair printing presses, type-setting machines, and assembling and stitching equipment. May supervise workers in printing department of establishment and be designated Supervisor, Printing Department (print. & pub.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

979.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PUBLICATIONS PRODUCTION (print. & pub.) alternate titles: supervisor, layout

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparation and layout of printed material: Studies editorial matter to determine most effective form of presentation and number and type of illustrations required, in accordance with specifications of customer or editorial personnel and accepted standards of composition, limitations of equipment, and available funds. Prepares mockup of pages for use by other workers in setting type and making up pages. Marks copy to incorporate printing instructions and editorial changes, utilizing standard printing symbols. Routes artwork to reproduction department or outside contractor for retouching, photographing, and platemaking. Routes editorial material to composing room for typesetting. Reviews finished material for format, accuracy, and general appearance. Submits proofs for final review and routes corrected copy to pressroom for printing. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May plan technical drawings to supplement copy.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.131-014 SUPERVISOR, ROLLER SHOP (textile)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and repairing cloth printing rollers: Confers with technical and supervisory personnel in print department and analyzes customer orders and pattern sketches to determine specifications for printing rollers to be ordered and to plan department work schedule. Orders new and replacement printing rollers. Inspects new printing rollers for defects and rejects damaged rollers. Issues repair list and instructions for storing and transporting rollers to ROLLER INSPECTOR (textile). Confers with and assists ROLLER REPAIRER (textile) to repair defective rollers. Confers with engravers to resolve engraving problems. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.131-018 SUPERVISOR, SILK-SCREEN CUTTING AND PRINTING (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fabricating and assembling silk screens and in handprinting, utilizing silk screen method: Trains workers in performance of tasks, such as screen cutting by hand, photographic screen making, and screen printing. Examines screens for imperfections and compares screens with customer artwork to verify conformance to specifications. Compares paint colors with artwork, color swatches, or samples to verify correct color choice and to ascertain paint compatibility with stock to be printed. Examines sample print to verify specified register of colors and shifts register marks on silk screen frame or brushes block-out lacquer on defective areas of screen to correct color register. Requisitions materials and supplies. Confers with other unit supervisors to coordinate interdepartmental workflow. May fabricate and assemble silk screens and sandblast stencils. May supervise workers engaged in sandblasting decorative designs on material. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.132-010 SHIFT SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (print. & pub.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in production of computer tapes containing pattern design data or film positives or negatives of pattern designs for use in photoengraving processes: Analyzes work order and confers with supervisory personnel to determine most feasible method required to produce negative or positive film or computer tape of customer pattern design. Develops work procedures for producing customer design in accordance with computer limitations and customer specifications. Computes $T3mathematical model$T1 for pattern designs adaptable to mathematical solution. Inspects film positives and negatives to verify conformance to specifications. May operate scanner, computer, display console, and color design console. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

979.137-010 SUPERVISOR, FINISHING ROOM (print. & pub.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in finishing and assembling maps, charts, and globes. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-014 SUPERVISOR, INSPECTING (paper goods)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and packaging screen-printed wallpaper: Examines substandard wallpaper to determine repair procedures and corrective action required to prevent recurrence of defect. Rejects unsalvageable wallpaper. Compiles record of rejected wallpaper and reports probable causes to management for remedial action. Trains workers in inspecting and packaging procedures. Requisitions supplies and materials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-018 SUPERVISOR, PRODUCTION (paper goods)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in handprinting and flocking wallcovering, utilizing silk screen method: Monitors production activities and discusses methods and techniques with workers to improve performance. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.137-022 SUPERVISOR, SAMPLE PREPARATION (textile)

Develops dye formulas according to customer specifications and supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in screen printing cloth samples by hand: Analyzes customer artwork and color card to determine number and type colors specified. Compares specified colors with standard color swatches to match colors and records mixing formulas from selected swatches. Monitors color weighing and mixing activities to ensure adherence with formula specifications. Observes cloth printing activities to ensure product conformance with standards. Examines printed samples for color penetration, off-center print, and to verify customer color specifications. Revises dye formulas to match shades desired by customer. Records data, such as customer name, pattern number, colors, and quantity desired and forwards data to production department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-026 SUPERVISOR, TYPE-DISK QUALITY CONTROL (machinery mfg.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in printing, developing, and examining type character proofsheets used to verify accuracy of phototypesetting type disks: Schedules production activities, such as printing, developing, and proofing of copy used to verify accuracy of type characters on disks, applying knowledge of processing techniques and production requirements. Periodically examines proofs or type characters on disks, using magnifier, to ensure conformity to product specifications and quality standards. Interviews and hires job applicants, initiates training, and assigns new workers to work with experienced workers to continue on-the-job training. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

979.281-010 DIE MAKER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: die cutter; die engraver

Engraves designs onto steel dies used to produce textile printing rollers, using engravers' handtools and machines: Measures dimensions of pattern to be engraved in die, using ruler. Operates engine lathe to turn steel roller down to size according to dimensions of pattern and copper printing roller. Sketches design on steel roller (die) utilizing one of following alternate methods: (1) Lays out reference points on design according to location of one complete pattern repeat, using ruler, dividers, and pencil. Covers design with transparent film and transfers reference points to film, using scriber and magnifying lens. Sketches design colors onto separate sheets of film, using brushes and ink. Examines design to detect errors in scribing and color quality and corrects or alters design, employing knowledge of colors, fabrics to be printed, and engraving and printing techniques. Immerses steel roller in electroplating solution to coat roller with copper. Wraps film around roller, allowing ink in design to react with copper coating to transfer design from film to roller. (2) Computes machine settings required to reproduce straight-line designs on roller, using mathematical tables and formulas. Plots machine settings on graph paper. Mounts steel roller in index-dividing machine and adjusts tracing carriage of machine according to computations on graph paper. Lowers tracing-carriage scriber to surface of roller and moves levers of machine to sketch vertical and horizontal lines on roller. Mounts sketched rollers in fixture on worktable and engraves outline of design following sketch lines, using gravers' tools. Cuts or stipples in ground lines as specified, using gravers' and stippling tools. Prints proof print of engraved design on wax paper to verify accuracy of etchings on roller. Removes scratches from and polishes roller die, using polishing lathe. Punches indentations into edges of die to facilitate transfer of design from die to $T3mill,$T1 using hammer and punch. Controls furnace to harden and temper dies.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.281-014 ENGRAVER, BLOCK (print. & pub.) alternate titles: artist, woodblock; block cutter; engraver, wood; wood-cut engraver; wood-type finisher

Carves designs and lettering in wooden blocks or rollers used to print articles, such as cloth, greeting cards, and posters following sketch or photograph, using gravers handtools and machines: Traces or draws design on wooden block or roller, using pencil, ruler, dividers, or pantograph. Cuts design in block or roller, using wood-carving and engraving tools and power router. Rounds and bevels top edges, smooths sides and base, and cuts sharp angles, ridges, and joints to produce detail in printing and to finish type, using file and knife. Carves separate block for each color of multicolor pattern. May design pattern for use in cloth printing. May carve lettering and designs freehand. May cut and bend metal strips to conform to contours of design, using files, pliers, and pincers, and force strips into grooves of block to produce raised printing surface. May operate copy camera to produce negative from photograph or drawing of design [REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (any industry) 976.361-010].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.281-018 ENGRAVER, PICTURE (print. & pub.)

Engraves metal dies to represent portraits, landscapes, figures, and ornamental engravings used to make plates to print bonds, stamps, currency, diplomas, and other paper documents, following models and oral instructions: Traces model of drawing on gelatin sheet, using magnifying glasses and graver. Makes wax impression of tracing, transfers tracing to polished metal die, and stains design with weak acid solution. Engraves or etches lines, dots, and dashes in specified depths, widths, spacings, and directions to portray features, such as drapery, foliage, or flesh by either one or combination of following methods: (1) Draws design through transparent, acid-resistant background on metal plate, using tempered steel point, and washes design with acid that etches lines and other markings in metal surface to produce representations of images, such as wood, stone, foliage, and sky. (2) Cuts or carves lines of design in surface of metal die, using graver. Repeats cuts to obtain required depth for portrayal of images, such as flesh, hair, drapery, and clothing. Makes proof of engraved design, examines proof print, and reworks engraving as required. May engrave lettering on plates and be designated Engraver, Letter (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.282-010 ELECTRONIC PREPRESS SYSTEM OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: console operator; electronic imaging system operator; system operator

Operates prepress system to electronically assemble images into pages and to retouch and make color corrections to page elements to be used in production of lithographic printing plates or gravure cylinders: Enters digitized data, such as artist's layout, color separations, text, page dimensions, and layout instructions, into electronic prepress system computer memory, using components of system such as scanner, camera, keyboard, or mouse, or loads floppy disks or tapes containing information into system. Studies layout or other instructions to determine work to be done and sequence of operations. Views monitors for visual representation of work in progress and for instructions and feedback throughout process. Activates options, such as masking or text processing; enters data, such as background color, shapes, and coordinates of images; and retrieves data from system memory to assemble elements on pages. Retrieves images from system memory; activates options, such as masking, pixel (picture element) editing, airbrushing, or image retouching; and enters data, such as coordinates of images and color specifications, into system to retouch and make color corrections. Saves completed work on floppy disks or magnetic tape. May create special effects, such as vignettes, mosaics, and image combining. May be designated according to area of specialization and be known as Electronic Color Correction Operator (print. & pub.); Electronic Page Makeup System Operator (print. & pub.); Pagination System Operator (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

979.360-010 SCREEN-PRINTING-EQUIPMENT SETTER (paper goods)

Sets up and adjusts silk screen printing equipment used to hand print multicolored designs on wallpaper: Adjusts feed rollers and spindle reel to specified tension, using wrench. Compares ink prepared for printing run with master color swatch to confirm accuracy of match. Examines printing screen for sharpness of stencil design and feels screen to verify specified tension on frame. Measures distance between printing guide marker on table and center of screen and adjusts distance as required to ensure specified color print registration. Starts drying oven and sets thermostat to temperature specified for printing run. Observes test run or manipulates equipment to produce test print. Examines print for defects and adjusts equipment to correct defective printing as required. Monitors production activities to ensure standard quality of printing. Trains workers in use of printing equipment.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.361-010 DOCUMENT RESTORER (profess. & kin.)

Restores and preserves documents for libraries, archives, and private and public historical societies: Cleans document, using cleaning compounds to remove dirt and stains, and removes foreign matter, such as rusted clips, pins, rotted bands, and adhesives. Tests document to determine if ink is fast, and to what extent map colors will fade. Immerses document in deacidification baths to remove acidity from paper and ink. Places document on rack to dry. Reinspects document for presence of foreign matter. Dampens document, places it between absorbent boards, and places boards in screw press to evenly distribute moisture content in document, and flatten all wrinkles and creases. Seals document in cellulose acetate film and places document in laminating machine to be laminated. Removes document and hones, presses, and trims it to specified size. Places document in cover, folder, or binder.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.362-010 INSTANT PRINT OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: offset-duplicating machine operator, instant print; press operator, instant print shop; quick print operator

Operates offset-duplicating machine, photocopier, and related machines and equipment to produce copies of original materials for customers in instant print shop: Accepts printing orders from customers and computes and quotes prices to customers. Reads job orders to determine quantity of materials to be printed, and stock and ink specifications. Adjusts settings and operates camera plate maker to produce plastic or paper plates for use in offset duplicating. Operates offset duplicating machine to reproduce single or multicolor copies of text, drawings, graphs, or similar materials [OFFSET-DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.682-014]. Operates copier to produce photocopies of single color or small run jobs [PHOTOCOPYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clerical) 207.685-014]. Examines proof copy to assure accurate reproduction of color, centering of print, and conformance of copy to layout specifications. Operates auxiliary machines such as collator, pad and tablet making machine, stapler, and paper punching, folding, cutting, and perforating machines to assemble materials. May operate computerized typesetting machine to set type for printing. May assemble typeset copy and artwork into pasteup for printing reproduction. May receive payment from customers and box or wrap printed materials.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 88

979.380-010 PANTOGRAPH SETTER (print. & pub.)

Sets up pantograph machines to transfer designs in reduced form from zinc plates to varnished cloth-printing rollers: Inserts mandrel through roller and lifts roller onto headstocks on machine carriage, using electric hoist. Aligns centerline on zinc plate with centerline on machine table and tacks plate to table. Moves pantograph tracing arm through series of reference points on zinc plate and moves dimension levers backward or forward to adjust pantograph for specified reduction in scale of design. Tightens levers in position, using handtools. Positions diamond point on machine crossbar, moves tracing arm through reference points on zinc plate, and depresses pedal to mark corresponding marks on varnished roller. Aligns succeeding diamond point with marks on roller. Repeats procedure until diamond point has been spaced on crossbar for each side-repeat of pattern. Tightens diamond points in position, using pliers. Turns thumbscrew on diamond frame (holder) to raise diamond points equal distance from varnished roller. Weighs diamond points on miniature scales and adds or removes washers to compensate for differences in weight. Moves tracing arm through series of reference points on zinc plate, depresses pedal to mark corresponding crosses on roller, and examines marks on roller to verify alignment of diamond points. Determines ground setting according to weight of fabric, type of design, and colors in design. Records ground setting, length of roller, width of engraving, and circumference of roller on production sheet.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.381-010 ENGRAVER I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: pantograph operator

Engraves lettering or designs in copper or steel printing plates, using pantograph engraving machine: Rubs blank plate with emery or charcoal and oil to polish surface. Clamps blank plate in position under diamond cutting point and master plate under tracing point of pantograph. Starts electric motor that revolves cutting point and lowers engraving control bar, simultaneously moving bar sideways until tracing point enters desired figure on master plate. Moves bar so that tracing point follows figure on master plate, reproducing figure on blank plate. Loosens thumbscrews and changes position of pantograph bar to reproduce figures larger or smaller than those on master plate. May be designated according to type of plate used as Engraver, Copperplate (print. & pub.); Engraver, Steel Plate (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.381-014 LINE-UP EXAMINER (print. & pub.)

Examines proof sheets to detect errors in position and alignment of type, page elements, margins, trim, and fold areas: Positions proof sheet on glass top of lighted, line-up table. Moves geared straightedges into position over proof copy to verify alignment of printed material, page, position, and folio continuity. Compares colors on proof sheet with standard color key to verify specified color register. Records degree and direction plates or type must be shifted to correct alignment, or marks corrective information on proof sheet. Draws trim, stitch, and fold lines for bindery processes and plate trim lines for stereotype and electrotype plate fabrication, using straightedge and printer's line gauge.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.381-026 ROLLER REPAIRER (textile) alternate titles: engraved-roller inspector; roller inspector and mender

Examines engraved cloth-printing rollers for processing defects and repairs defects, using handtools: Lifts roller into brackets on table or turning device with aid of another worker and portable hoist. Examines rollers for defects, such as pinholes and scratches. Compares customer's design and printed proof to detect missed engravings, extra engravings, and uneven joining of design on circumference of roller, and examines roller to verify defects. Dusts engraved design with chalk and examines roller to determine whether engraving is too full or too dense to print desired effects on cloth. Plugs pinholes, extra engravings, and over-engraved areas with copper wire plugs, and forces plugs in place, using ball peen hammer and punch. Smooths rough spots, using file and removes scratches from roller surface, using burnishing tool. Traces outline of missed engraving on wax paper and transfers outline to roller, using scriber. Engraves additional lines or designs on roller surface freehand or following outline to fill in gaps in design or missing engravings, using gravers and magnifying lens. Rejects unrepairable rollers. Cleans and polishes rollers, using water, polishing paste, and cloth. May inspect rollers only and be designated Roller Inspector (textile).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.381-030 SIDEROGRAPHER (print. & pub.)

Reproduces original engravings on metal plates used to print banknotes, bonds, and other securities, using gravers' handtools and machines: Cuts around designs on roller die to remove undesirable parts of assembled die, using graver, and assembles die from several rollers on which parts of design have been engraved. Lays out construction lines on steel plate, using trammel point, dividers, steel scribers, and gauge, to align subjects to be transferred. Scrapes and burnishes plate surface to remove imperfections, aligns plate on transfer press bed, and positions engraved steel roll on plate, using magnifying glass to verify accuracy. Depresses lever that embeds engraved design on roll into steel plate. Examines transferred design and repeats process until exact reproduction is made. May reproduce design in soft steel rolls.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.381-034 SKETCH MAKER I (print. & pub.)

Traces designs on wood-printing blocks or rollers preparatory to engraving by ENGRAVER, BLOCK (print. & pub.), using stylus, ink, and burnishing tool: Places drawing of design over wax paper and traces design, using stylus. Pours ink over wax paper to fill depressions made by stylus and wipes away excess ink. Wraps inked paper around wood-printing roller or positions paper on printing block. Rubs back of paper, using burnishing tool (spoonlike instrument) to transfer inked design to roller or block. May print proof impression of design from etched printing rollers onto wax paper to verify accuracy of etchings and be designated Impression Printer (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.381-038 STENCIL MAKER (carpet & rug)

Lays out and cuts stencils used to print multicolor designs on rugs, using opaque projector, knife, pencil, and brushes: Draws pencil copy of symmetrical design on tracing paper according to specified dimensions. Projects and enlarges scale drawing of nonsymmetrical design on tracing paper, using opaque projector, and reproduces enlargement, using pencil. Lays out shape of each stencil on drawing and traces shape onto stencil paper. Cuts stencil from paper, using knife. Brushes shellac onto stencils and attaches stencils to frames, using handtools. May attach wires to brace frames. Prepares proof copy and inspects for accuracy of design reproduction. May mix paints to obtain specified colors for printing.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.382-010 CLAMPER (print. & pub.)

Operates clamp (rotary press) to transfer designs from engraved dies to $T3mills$T1 used in transferring designs to copper printing rollers: Positions die in fixtures on bed of clamp. Mounts mill over die and turns handwheel to lower head of clamp against journals of mill, forcing mill against die. Rotates die specified number of times equal to number of times design is to repeat around circumference of mill. Examines impression of design on mill and determines from gap left between ends of impression amount reduction required in circumference of mill. Starts machine that turns die against mill to produce indentations on mill. Spreads acid-resistant wax over surface of mill and gradually increases pressure on head of clamp as die turns against mill, working wax away from area of mill corresponding to unengraved area of die. Removes mill from clamp and spins mill in acid bath to etch waxfree area of mill, leaving waxed area of mill in relief. Offsets head of clamp and works die against mill to round off end of design and make surface of mill oval to facilitate transfer of design from mill to surface of copper printing roller. Examines raised design on mill through magnifying lens to verify sharpness of lines. Inserts mill in heat-treating pot, fills pot with carbon-activated bonemeal, and places pot in electric furnace. Turns thermostat to set temperature of furnace according to type of steel. Removes mill from furnace at end of heating cycle, using tongs, and dips mill into brine solution to harden and temper steel. Cleans mill with wire brush. May operate engine lathe to reduce diameter of mill or to turn raised indentations off ends of mill [ENGINE-LATHE SET-UP OPERATOR (machine shop)].
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.382-014 ENGRAVER, MACHINE (print. & pub.)

Sets up and operates engraving machine to transfer designs from $T3mills$T1 to copper printing rollers used in color-printing cloth: Lifts printing roller into position on machine with aid of another worker. Places $T3truing I$T1 roller in fixture on head of machine and lowers machine head until truing roller rests on surface of printing roller. Starts machine to rotate truing roller against printing roller and turns setscrews until truing roller rotates without horizontal motion to align head of machine with printing roller. Divides $T3register wheel$T1 on machine into divisions, according to number of times design is to be repeated around printing roller, and marks divisions on wheel, using chalk. Inserts stud in specified slot on register wheel, replaces truing roller with mill, and moves $T3pitch finger$T1 against stop on head of machine to set mill in register for engraving. Lowers mill to surface of printing roller, releases catch on weight lever to apply pressure on mill, and rotates mill one revolution to transfer one repeat of pattern to roller. Repeats procedure until design has been repeated around circumference of printing roller. Examines impression of design on roller to detect repeats of pattern that are out of register. Replaces mill with burnishing roller and works burnishing roller against printing roller to erase defective impressions. Increases pressure on mill if design is in register and starts machine that works mill against printing roller to increase depth of impression. Measures depth of engraving, using depth gauge. Measures width of embossed design on mill, using divider, and converts measurement into number of teeth on side-shift gear, using conversion tables. Releases pressure on mill and turns gear specified number of teeth to move mill into position for engraving design adjacent to first impression and repeats procedure as above until design has been engraved across length of roller. Engages dog in teeth of gear and pitches design in register. Repeats procedure until design has been engraved across length of roller. Mounts engraved roller on mandrel of polishing lathe and operates lathe to remove burrs and smooth roller [PRINTING-ROLLER POLISHER (machine shop)].
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: V GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.382-018 PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: graphic arts technician; printer, small print shop

Reproduces and assembles graphic arts materials, performing any combination of following duties in small printing shop or printing department of establishment: Sets up and operates various types of cameras to produce plastic or paper plates, or negatives for later use in preparation of aluminum plates for reproduction in offset lithographic process. Touches up negatives, using opaque material, positions negatives on masking sheet, and cuts exposure windows in masking sheet to assemble $T3film flats$T1 for reproduction. Places masked negative on aluminum plate, and exposes plate to negative under high intensity (ultraviolet) lamp to transfer image to plate, using vacuum frame. Places exposed plate in automatic processor or immerses plate in chemical solutions to develop image on plate. Operates offset-duplicating machine or small printing press to reproduce single or multicolor copies of line, drawings, graphs, or similar materials. Inspects printed material to verify specified color and clarity of print. Sets up and operates bindery equipment to cut, assemble, staple, or bind materials. Maintains machinery and equipment in operating condition.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 88

979.382-022 PANTOGRAPHER (print. & pub.)

Operates pantograph machine to transfer design in reduced form from zinc plate to varnished printing rollers: Moves stylus on tracing carriage through series of reference points on zinc plate, depresses pedal to lower diamond points to surface of roller, and observes alignment of diamond points with marks on roller to verify machine setup. Sets ground point into slot on ground wheel according to instructions on design sheet. Moves lever to lock tracing carriage in position for inscribing ground lines on surface of varnished roller. Rotates ground wheel to advance tracing carriage specified distance, depresses pedal to lower diamond points to roller surface, and moves stylus back and forth within outline on zinc plate to inscribe oblique ground lines on roller. Releases tracing carriage and guides stylus around outline on zinc plate to transfer outline to roller. Engages register point in appropriate slot on $T3register wheel$T1 and adjusts dimension levers, using handtools to set up machine for inscribing subsequent repeats of pattern around circumference of roller. Transfers portions of design represented by different colors onto separate rollers. Paints over pinholes, scratches, and reference points left on roller by PANTOGRAPH SETTER (print. & pub.), using brush and acid resistant paint. Marks register point on end of roller, using hammer and punch.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.382-026 COMPUTER TYPESETTER-KEYLINER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: desktop publisher

Lays out pages, selects size and style of type, and enters text and graphics into computer to produce printed materials, such as advertisements, brochures, newsletters, and forms, applying knowledge of graphic arts techniques and typesetting and using computer: Reviews layout and customer order. Enters text into computer, using input device such as mouse, keyboard, scanner, or modem. Scans artwork, using optical scanner which changes image into computer-readable form. Enters commands to position text and illustrations on page grid of computer monitor. Creates spaces between letters, columns, and lines, applying knowledge of typesetting, and enters commands, using input device. Arranges page according to aesthetic standards, layout specifications of GRAPHIC DESIGNER (profess. & kin.) 141.061-018, and applying knowledge of layout (keylining) and computer software. Prints paper or film copies of completed material. May alter illustration to enlarge, reduce, or clarify image. May operate stat camera to produce photostat. May operate automatic film developer to process photographs. May assemble art work into pasteup and perform keylining manually [PASTE-UP ARTIST (print. & pub.) 972.381-030].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 90

979.384-010 SCREEN MAKER, PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS (any industry)

Fabricates stencils for screen printing, applying knowledge of photochemical processing, using photographic equipment: Coats screen with photosensitive emulsion, using brush. Places and secures artwork and screen in frame of vacuum printer. Adjusts printer controls and activates printer to transfer image onto screen and form stencil. Washes unexposed emulsion from screen, using water and hose. Hangs screen in rack or places screen in oven to dry. May fabricate stencil by adhering film with specified image to screen, using vacuum frame. May insert screen in frame, using handtools and tension meters [PRINTING SCREEN ASSEMBLER (electron. comp.) 979.684-042]. May measure and mix ingredients used in photochemical process, according to standard formulas. May scrub screen for reuse, using solvents, brush, and hose. May pour ink or other printing material onto screen and move squeegee across screen to test screen or to screen print objects [SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) 979.684-034].
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 88

979.581-010 ENGRAVER, RUBBER (print. & pub.)

Engraves rubber plates used in printing designs and lettering on fabric or other materials, using knife, mechanical drawing tools and handtools: Cuts strip of engraving gum (two- or three-ply rubber, cemented to cloth backing) from roll, using knife. Positions design over strip and traces outline or draws letters, using pencil and mechanical drawing tools, leaving impression in surface of strip. Cuts around impression with knife to one-ply depth and pulls cut rubber from strip, leaving raised design or lettering. Prepares additional rubber plates for jobs requiring colors by omitting different portions of design or lettering from each plate. Punches hole on either side of plate and inserts and clinches grommet around hole, using setting tool and hammer, for use in fastening plate to press.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.667-010 INSPECTOR, SCREEN PRINTING (print. & pub.)

Inspects stencils, silk screens, materials, and printed products at various stages of production to ensure conformance to specifications, applying knowledge of screen printing techniques: Reviews job order and examines customer artwork and material to be printed, such as vinyl, wood, glass, or paper products, to evaluate suitability of material for silk screen printing. Inspects stencils for conformance to customers specifications and company standards and returns unsatisfactory stencils to cutter for modifications. Examines sample of screen printing prepared from stencil to verify print is complete and color is applied in conformity with customer's requirements. Feels surface of screen print for smoothness. Discusses corrections to silk screen process with screen printer. Inspects final product to verify quality. Records inspection results on job order or quality control form.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

979.681-010 LETTERER (machinery mfg.) alternate titles: raiser; sketcher

Copies outline of type from lead type proof to furnish pattern for processing steel type: Places lead type under projectoscope that magnifies it. Traces outline of letter. Draws letter in detail, using drawing board, pencil, and paper.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.681-014 PRINTER (glass products)

Prints specified design on paper for use in etching glassware, using printing plate and artist's handtools: Warms printing plate and ink on electric heater preparatory to printing. Spreads ink on plate, using spatula and positions plate on paper. Rubs paper against plate to transfer design from plate to paper. Examines print for clarity and lays prints on worktable to dry. Cuts plate to produce new designs following outline on plate, using scriber. Applies acid to etch design into plate.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.681-018 ROLLER ENGRAVER, HAND (print. & pub.)

Engraves designs into copper textile printing rollers, using graver, punches, hammer, and sketches: Presses sketch on roller to produce impression of design. Cuts grooves of specified depth and uniformity into roller following lines of design impression. Refers to sketch to ensure that lines of only one printing color are engraved into each roller. May inspect design for defective engraving and reengrave roller to meet specifications. May engrave designs, using engraving machine [ENGRAVER, MACHINE (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.681-022 SILK-SCREEN CUTTER (any industry) alternate titles: film cutter; silk-screen maker; stencil cutter

Cuts stencils by hand for use in silk screen printing: Superimposes transparent gelatinous film or shellacked onionskin paper on design or lettering to be reproduced, and cuts outline of design, using knife. Irons stencil on silk or fine copper mesh screen to transfer film or shellac onto screen. Cuts additional stencils for each color to be printed in design. May draw design directly on screen and fill in surfaces around design with glue, lacquer, or paper. May print designs [SCREEN PRINTER (any industry)]. May cut stencils for use in making computer circuit plug boards and be designated Silk-Screen-Layout Drafter (any industry).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.682-010 BLOCKER I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: mounter

Operates machines to mount finished stereotype and eletrotype printing plates on wood, synthetic, or metal blocks, and to trim, square, and smooth edges of mounted plates: Places plates face up on flat metal surface and taps plates with hammer and wooden block to straighten irregularities due to warping or bending. Cuts blocks to size on power saw. Lays plates on adhesive-coated block or inserts sheet of thermosetting bonding film between plate and block and places assembly on sliding table of heat press. Places bearers (steel bars) around assembled cut and covers assembly with heat resistant blanket to prevent mechanical damage to plate. Adjusts controls to regulate pressure and temperature of press. Pushes sliding table with plate into press cavity (oven) and depresses lever to apply pressure for specified time. Nails plate to block, using hammer or nailing machine. Operates machines, such as trim saw, rotary trimming machine, block planer, and block leveling machine to trim, square, and smooth edges of mounted plates and reduce blocks and mounted plates to type-high thickness. Adjusts microgauges, guides, and cutting blades of machines to produce specified cuts and verifies dimensions of blocks and mounted plates, using try square, snap gauge, and dial indicator type gauge. Patches plates with solder and sweats electrotypes to metal base, using electric soldering equipment. Cuts notches and mortises in mounted plates, using drill press and jig saw, to make openings for inserting type on other plates. May mount plates with double-coated pressure-sensitive tape and tap with woodblock and hammer to form bond. May operate routing machine to cut excess metal from nonprinting areas of electrotype, stereotype, and photoengraved printing plates [ROUTER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.682-014 BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: ammonia-print operator; blue-line operator; blueprint maker; diazo machine operator; whiteprinting-machine operator

Operates machine to make copies (blueprints) of printed material, such as documents or drawings: Examines negative of original for translucency. Selects sensitized paper according to color of line specified, and positions original over paper. Moves controls to regulate light intensity and exposure time, according to translucency of original and type of sensitized paper. Slides original and sensitized paper into printer to expose and develop print. Examines finished print for specified color, intensity, and sharpness of line. Pushes button to supply machine with ammonia, or manually pours ammonia into printer. May cover original negative with translucent sensitized paper and color filter to prepare autopositive (negative) of original. May be known according to trade name of printer operated.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 81

979.682-022 ROLLER VARNISHER (print. & pub.)

Operates machine to coat unengraved copper rollers or to top engraved copper rollers with acid-resistant varnish preparatory to inscribing design: Mounts roller on mandrel of machine, using electric hoist, and starts machine to rotate roller. Cleans roller, using rag or brush, detergents, and water. Dries roller, using paper towel or leather squeegee. Varnishes roller, using either of following methods: (1) Holds rubber varnishing roller against rotating copper roller and pours varnish between rollers. Guides varnishing roller back and forth over length of copper roller to distribute varnish evenly over surface of roller. Inserts steam pipe through varnished roller and circulates steam through roller to smooth out pinholes and harden varnish. (2) Holds rubber topping roller against rotating steel (dummy) roller and pours varnish between rollers. Moves topping roller back and forth over dummy roller to work varnish into topping roller. Transfers topping roller to engraved roller as varnish becomes tacky and guides topping roller back and forth over engraved roller to top roller with varnish, leaving engravings exposed. Tops varnish coating with acid-resistant ink. Examines engravings on topped roller to detect ink smears or cavities filled with ink. Cleans and retops defective roller. Trucks varnished or topped rollers to storage area.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.682-026 ROUTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: printing-plate router

Operates routing machine with free moving head to cut excess metal from nonprinting areas of electrotype, stereotype, and photoengraved printing plates: Clamps plate face onto routing machine table. Selects cutter bit and installs bit in chuck of routing spindle. Depresses pedal to start machine and moves hand guides to control direction of rotating cutter bit along outlines of design or letters set off by chemically darkened etching. Depresses pedal to raise cutter bit to avoid cutting printing areas of plate. Bevels edges of plates to form nailing surface for mounting plates to wood or synthetic blocks, using router or beveling machine. Mounts curved plates on saddle device in order to cut metal from nonprinting areas. May mount finished printing plates on wood, synthetic, or metal blocks to raise them to printing height, by hand or using automatic plate-mounting equipment [BLOCKER (print. & pub.) I].
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-010 CARBON PRINTER (print. & pub.)

Transfers image onto polished surface of copper cylinder to be used in rotogravure process, using photographic equipment: Places sensitized carbon tissue in frame over setup form of matter to be reproduced, and exposes assembly to arc light. Removes tissue after exposure, trims to size, and affixes it to surface of cylinder. May mix chemicals to prepare sensitizing solution and immerse tissue in solution to produce sensitized coating on tissue.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-014 ENGRAVER II (print. & pub.)

Cuts letters and designs in linoleum and mounts cut articles on blocks for use in printing posters, using drawing and cutting instruments: Traces pattern of design and letters in reverse on linoleum, using ruler, pencil, and drawing instruments. Cuts around drawn pattern leaving raised design or letters, using cutting tools. Glues pattern to wooden block.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.684-018 LEGEND MAKER (fabrication, nec)

Arranges and mounts precut letters, numbers, symbols, and logos on paper backing to produce word groupings for signs and displays: Reads work order to determine wording of sign or display. Cuts transparent backing paper to specified size and positions and secures paper to graph grid on drafting table. Removes precut letters, numbers, symbols, or logos from strips or sheets, using knife, and positions them on pressure sensitive paper according to copy, following graph grid. Tapes letters to paper, using transparent tape. Removes completed graphic from table and cuts graphic to size according to customer specifications, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-022 MAP-AND-CHART MOUNTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: bookmaker, map; finisher, map and chart

Performs any combination of following tasks to mount maps and charts according to oral or written specifications: Glues muslin or board backing to paper maps and charts, by hand or using mounting machine. Tends machine that automatically applies reinforcing tape to edges of unmounted charts and maps. Attaches spring roller and draw rod to roll-type maps and charts. Cuts maps into sections of specified size, using knife or razor. Spaces sections on muslin, according to specifications, and glues sections to muslin to assemble fold-mounted maps. Attaches brackets to corners of wooden strips to assemble map-mounting frame. Secures map or chart to frame, using glazier's points, screws, or tape. Inserts fold-mounted maps into binders, punches eyelet holes in binder, using hand press, and inserts and crimps eyelets to secure maps in binder, using hammer.
GOE: 06.02.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-026 PRINT-SHOP HELPER (print. & pub.)

Assists workers engaged in setting type, operating printing presses, and making plates, performing any combination of following duties: Moves material and supplies to and from various work areas. Assists in making ready and adjusting presses for production runs. Keeps presses supplied with paper stock. Cleans presses, printing plates, and type setups after use. Covers dampening rolls with wool or felt. Counts, stacks, and wraps finished printed material. Cleans electrotype shells prior to casting, and removes excess metal from edges or backs of cast printing plates, using metal trimming and shaving machines. Trims stereotype matrices to size and dries them between steam or flame-heated plates. Immerses cast plates in copper and chrome plating solutions. Nails wooden blocks to backs of prepared plates to bring plates to printing level. May set type by hand following copy. May be designated according to work involved as Electrotyper Helper (print. & pub.); Photoengraving Helper (print. & pub.); Stereotyper Helper (print. & pub.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-030 SCREEN PRINTER (textile) alternate titles: silk-screen printer

Prints designs on textiles, such as cloth, towels, bath cloths, sheets, and pillowcases, using screen and squeegee: Sets register guides along edge of printing table at intervals specified for pattern repeat. Pours color paste onto screen and positions screen against guides over cloth. Draws squeegee across screen to press color paste through open portion of screen and print design. Repeats process with different screen for each color in design. Washes screens with water or solvent to remove color paste.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-034 SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) alternate titles: decorator; letterer; screener; silk-screen operator; silk-screen painter

Prints lettering and designs on objects, such as posters, targets, instrument dials, furniture, glass, and toys, using screen printing device: Positions object against guides on setup board or holding fixture of screening device and lowers screen. Pours paint into screen frame or dips squeegee in paint and draws squeegee across screen to transfer design to object. Cleans screen with solvent at end of run and when using different colors. May mix paints according to standard formulas. May affix decals to parts and assemblies, using roller. May examine printed object for defects. May fabricate silk screen stencil, using photographic equipment. May be designated according to object printed as Target-Face Maker (toy-sport equip.). May tend semiautomatic machine that advances wallpaper under printing screen and be designated Wallpaper Printer (paper goods) II. May screen print electrode material onto substrate used in electronic components, such as ceramic capacitors and film resistors, and be known as Silk-Screen Printer (electron. comp.). May screen print solder mask or nomenclature on printed circuit boards and be designated Screen Printer, Printed Circuit Boards (electron. comp.).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

979.684-038 SILK-SCREEN REPAIRER (any industry)

Repairs silk screens used in printing articles, such as glass, textile products, furniture, and toys, using handtools: Examines screens over lighted inspection table to detect holes in gelatin emulsion. Brushes blocking solution over holes. Measures alignment of design on article printed, using calipers, and adjusts registration guides and tightens screen in frame to correct misalignment.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-042 PRINTING SCREEN ASSEMBLER (electron. comp.) alternate titles: screen stretcher

Stretches and fastens screening material to metal frames to make printing screens, using either of following methods: (1) Positions frame in holding fixture of stretcher. Places specified length of screening material, such as silk, polyester, or metal mesh, over frame and secures edges of material in clamps of stretcher. Turns ratchet wheels on stretcher to stretch and straighten screening material. Examines and feels screening material to determine tension. Places tension measuring instrument on screening material to measure tension according to specifications. Glues screening material to frame and removes frame from stretcher. Trims excess material from frame, using knife. (2) Clamps specified length of screening material to screen frame. Tightens screws of frame to stretch and straighten screening material according to sequence diagram, using handtool. Examines screen for defects, such as runs or torn areas.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.685-010 SILK-SCREEN PRINTER, MACHINE (any industry) alternate titles: screen printer

Tends silk screen machine that prints designs, patterns, lettering, or other images on assorted materials and products, such as glassware, ceramics, metal, plastic, or electronic components: Bolts framed silk screen onto machine, and installs and adjusts workpiece holding fixture, stops, and guides, using handtools, ruler, and workpiece pattern. Attaches squeegee to pneumatic drive mechanism, using wrench, and connects air line to mechanism. Regulates air pressure and manipulates squeegee to adjust pressure and angle of sweep. Applies printing compound to screen, using spatula or brush. Places workpiece in or on holding fixture, presses button to lower screen, and depresses pedal or pushes button to activate squeegee. Observes silk screen and workpiece to detect printing defects caused by ripped screen and applies glue to rip to repair screen. Cleans silk screen, using brush and solvent. May thin printing compound, using specified thinner. May tend firing oven to dry printed workpiece. May sharpen squeegee on sanding machine. May transfer image of original artwork to screen, using vacuum printer. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Decorating-Machine Tender (glass mfg.); Squeegee-Machine Tender (glass mfg.); or Stenciling-Machine Tender (glass mfg.; glass products). May tend machine that screen-prints circuit pattern and nomenclature on printed circuit board (PCB) panels used in fabricating PCB's and be designated Screen-Printing-Machine Tender, Printed Circuit Boards (electron. comp.)
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 89

979.687-010 EXAMINER (print. & pub.)

Inspects engraved letterheads, envelopes, cards, and stationery to detect defects in engraving and flaws in paper. Informs supervisor of defective engraving rollers and paper.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.687-014 PHOTOSTAT-OPERATOR HELPER (any industry)

Performs any combination of following tasks to assist PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry): Pegs or clamps material to be duplicated on copy-board of photostat machine and removes material subsequent to duplication. Pours developing and fixing solutions into machine tanks. Washes prints subsequent to duplication and places prints in drying cabinet. Trims edges of prints, using paper cutter or scissors. Records type, size, and number of prints duplicated. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

979.687-018 PLATE GAUGER (print. & pub.)

Examines and repairs engraved printing plates, using plate gauge, cement, and tissue paper: Visually examines plates for defects, such as scratches, broken corners, or broken type. Measures plates to verify specified printing height of type-face, line-engraving, half-tone, and color printing areas. Builds up low spots on plate, using tissue paper and cement. Records type of defect on back of plate and routes plate to repair room.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.687-022 SCREEN PRINTER HELPER (any industry)

Assists SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) in printing lettering and designs on articles, performing duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

979.687-026 TYPE-COPY EXAMINER (machinery mfg.)

Examines proofsheets for irregularities in type characters indicative of defects in phototypesetting type disks: Examines each character on proofsheet for breaks, irregular spacing, improper alignment, and eccentricity, using magnifying glass. Circles characters that do not conform to standards, using red pencil. Files approved proofsheets and forwards proofsheets failing to meet standards to SUPERVISOR, TYPE-DISK QUALITY CONTROL (machinery mfg.) 979.137-026. May attach identification labels or adhesive-backed paper to phototypesetting type disk components.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.687-030 INSPECTOR, FURNITURE DECALS (furniture)

Inspects silk screened decals used in furniture decoration for defects: Inspects sheets of decals for defects, such as smears, misalignments, uneven color, or torn paper. Counts acceptable decals and records totals on production records. Arranges stacks of decal sheets in order and cuts stacks, using power shear. Positions rubberbands around stacks of decals and places stacks in storage bins.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.687-034 GENERAL WORKER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.)

Assists apprentices and journey workers, as assigned by supervisors, in prepress, press, and bindery departments within offset lithographic printing establishment, performing duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 1 DLU: 89



Immigration Daily: the news source for
legal professionals. Free! Join 35000+ readers
Enter your email address here: