President Meets with President Fox and Prime Minister Martin
11:22 P.M. CST
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PRESIDENT BUSH: I am pleased that there are democracies in our hemisphere. As a matter of fact, every country is a democracy except one, Cuba. And that's incredible progress. And I look forward to working with whomever the people of Mexico choose. The choices as to who will lead Mexico, or any other country, is not the choice of the United States President, the United States government, or the United States people. It is the choice of the Mexican people.
And I know the people of Mexico are proud of their democracy. I'm proud of the democratic traditions upheld by Vicente Fox.
In terms of the border, listen, we've got a large border. We've got a large border with Canada, we've got a large border with Mexico. There are some million people a day crossing the border from Mexico to the United States, which presents a common issue, and that is, how do we make sure those crossing the border are not terrorists, or drug runners, or gun runners, or smugglers.
And I have told the President that we will -- I will continue to push for reasonable, common-sense immigration policy with the United States Congress. It is an issue with which I have got a lot of familiarity -- after all, I was the governor of this great state for six years and I dealt with this issue a lot, not only with President Fox's predecessors, but with governors of border states -- Mexican border states, Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon. And I know what -- I know the issue well. And I will continue to call upon Congress to be commonsensical about this issue.
And the basis of the policy is that if there is a job opening which an American won't do, in other words -- and there's a willing worker and a willing employer, that job ought to be filled on a legal basis, no matter where the person comes from. That makes sense. We need a compassionate policy. In other words, if this is in place, someone will be able to come and work from Mexico in the United States, and be able to go home -- back and forth across the border in a legal fashion. That seems to make sense to me. It's a commonsensical way of doing things.
I think we ought to have a policy that does not jeopardize those who've stood in line trying to become legal citizens. We want to reward those who have been patient in the process. There's plenty of Mexican citizens who have applied for citizenship, they should -- their position in line should not be preempted because of there's a worker program. But there's a better way to enforce our border. And one way is to be compassionate and decent about the workers who are coming here to the United States.
And, Mr. President, you've got my pledge, I'll continue working on it. You don't have my pledge that Congress will act, because I'm not a member of the legislative branch. But you will have my pledge that I will continue to push our Congress to come up with rational, common-sense immigration policy.
PRIME MINISTER MARTIN: Tom Clark.
Q Thank you, Prime Minister. A question to yourself, and to President Bush and President Fox, as well. You've been talking about cooperation, what you, Prime Minister, referred to as the new generation of success, or the next generation of success. Keeping in mind, in front of us, the European Union, how much is this partnership a first step towards continental integration? If so, how far would you like to go? And can you give us some sort of a road map, and perhaps give us a distinction between partnership and integration?
PRIME MINISTER MARTIN: Well, what we're really talking about here is not a big thing, we're talking about big progress. And if you look at each of the areas in which we have tasked our ministers, based on the work that they have already done, that is precisely what is coming out of this meeting and that's precisely why we want to be able to measure -- to measure the success and hold people accountable for the targets that we have set.
So when you're talking about security, there's no doubt about the importance of the security of our borders; given the increase in Canada's defense budget, our ability to work together, that obviously, we want to make sure that there is the greatest degree of coordination between our defense and our border sources.
In terms of the economy, getting rid of nuisance regulation, making sure that we have better rules of origin. Essentially, what we want to do is to make sure, given the threat that we face from rising economies elsewhere, but primarily in Asia -- both the threats and an opportunity, by the way -- that, in fact, North America is as strong and as competitive as it can possibly be. And there should be no restriction on that -- quality of life, the environment, how we work together -- so that essentially what we really want to do is to make very, very substantial progress and to make sure that we continue to do it, so that the forces of protectionism never take over North America and that we're as competitive as we can.
(As translated.) I just wanted to say that what we're trying to do is not a big bang, what we're truly seeking to do is major progress. And this is in the field of border security, for example, what we have done so far. We went even further and now the government of Canada is spending money on its borders and its defense. And we're going much further in terms of elimination of nuisance regulations so that Canada can be competitive in the United States as it is in Canada and Mexico, but also maintaining quality of life environment, working together. That's what we're seeking to do.
PRESIDENT FOX: (As translated.) Thank you. I feel that the purpose that we have discussed today is clear. This is an objective that has been coming on for several months now as a result of an intense dialogue. We are talking about a partnership -- that is the key word, partnership -- a partnership for security and a partnership for prosperity, a partnership that is based on human capital and that aims to improve the quality of life. This is the key element of this new task that we have laid out for ourselves. We have built upon NAFTA's achievements. It is widely -- the benefits of NAFTA are widely known, but now we find new challenges that demand that we take new actions. These actions are defined in the program that is being launched through these precise instructions that we have given our ministers, our working groups, and their instructions are to carry out these ideas in the next 90 days.
So we are going to work through several approaches, and our purposes are based on three pillars of this proposal. The three pillars are security, to address any threat that might arise from abroad, address internal threats. We need to address also the inefficiencies in the movement of people, merchandise and goods. We must also look to join talent, strategy and resources to improve North America's competitiveness with other countries in other regions of the world. We need a level of competitiveness that allows us to reach the objectives that we have laid out for ourselves.
We need to reduce the costs of doing trade. We have a lot of trade between our three countries, and we feel that we can still bring down the costs of trade much more, and that will allow the trade between our countries to increase even more. We think that the biggest challenge of the 21st will have to do with human capital, investing in our people, investing in technology, and that is another thing that we are going to work on.
Moreover, we are partners in protecting the environment. We are partners to protect our natural resources. We are partners to protect the health of our people. And we are partners, too, in the broadest sense of the word. So that is the road that we have before us. We have a time line and we have responsibilities to carry out and we will make sure that these things happen.
PRESIDENT BUSH: The future of our three countries will best be served by establishing trade relations with the rest of the hemisphere. It's kind of the most logical extension of a vision that recognizes that common trading areas are going to be needed in order to maintain lifestyle, particularly as the Far East begins to emerge as strong competitors for capital and goods and services and markets.
We started to advance this idea in Quebec City, as a matter of fact, the 2001 Free Trade Agreement of the Americas. To me, that's the most practical extension of the recognition of the realities that we're all going to be facing as the 21st century evolves. In order to make sure that the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas has a chance to succeed, it is important to show the sovereign nations in South America that trade has worked amongst the three of us. NAFTA has been a success. All you've got to do is go down to the border of our state. If you could have gone down ten years ago and gone down today, you would have seen a marked difference of quality of life on both sides of the border. I mean, it's been a very successful program in order to lift the standard of living in Mexico and the United States.
And I think when people see that we're willing to continue to work through issues -- Canada, the United States and Mexico -- it may make it more palatable for countries to recognize the benefits of trade. So that the vision that you asked about in your question as to what kind of union might there be, I see one based upon free trade, that would then entail commitment to markets and democracy, transparency, rule of law.
To this extent, we have entered into an agreement with the Central American nations, called CAFTA. I think -- I know it's an important part of the prosperity agenda throughout the hemisphere, and I asked Congress to make sure that they approve CAFTA this year.
Thank you. Caren.
Q Secretary Rice has made clear that the United States is growing impatient with North Korea's refusal to come back to the six-way talks. And there has been talk that the United States has a June deadline. What consequences would there be if they don't come back to the talks? And, also, is China doing enough to keep the pressure on?
PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you for bringing up Secretary Rice. She just got back from her trip Monday evening, and came down to Crawford yesterday to brief me on the trip. I'm grateful that she took time out of her schedule to come down and talk about, not only the discussions she had with China, but discussions she had with South Korea and Japan, the leaders of India and Pakistan, and she also went to Afghanistan, so she had an extensive trip and about a two-hour briefing I want you to know.
We didn't set deadlines. What we said is what we've said to North Korea, if you want to -- if you want the way forward, if you want to be accepted by the world, if you want not to be isolated, get rid of your weapons programs. And, fortunately, it's not just the United States of America saying that. China says that. As a matter of fact, it was here at Crawford that Jiang Zemin at the ranch said that the foreign policy goal of the Chinese is for there to be no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula. And Hu Jintao made that clear to Secretary Rice that that is still the objective of the Chinese government, so we share an objective. We share a goal. The Japanese share that goal. The South Koreans share that goal. The Russians share that goal.
So we've got five nations saying the same thing to Korea -- North Korea. And we'll continue saying it to North Korea. And I'm a patient person, and so are a lot of people that are involved in this issue. But the leader of North Korea must understand that when we five nations speak, we mean what we say. And there is a way forward -- and I repeat for Kim Jong-il. And it's his choice to make. We've made our choice. China has made its choice. The other countries have made their choices. And for the sake of peace and tranquility and stability in the Far East, Kim Jong-il must listen.
And so I am pleased with the report I got from the Secretary. I am pleased today that Hu Jintao and the Chinese government expressed continued interest in this subject and understanding of the importance of the five of us working together to achieve the common objective that we have set out.
Q (As translated.) Mr. Presidents and Mr. Prime Minister, I wanted to ask you what concrete actions do your governments want to lay out in order to make this partnership a reality as far as energy markets, which is a very critical issue for all of our countries -- energy markets? I also want to ask you in this security and prosperity partnership, when will you include the migratory, or immigration policy in this partnership?
And, President Bush, I wanted to ask you about your opinion about those people who are hunting migrant people along the border.
PRESIDENT BUSH: I'm against vigilantes in the United States of America. I'm for enforcing law in a rational way. That's why you got a Border Patrol, and they ought to be in charge of enforcing the border.
We talked about migration, of course -- we spent a lot of time talking about migration. We've got a big border with Canada, a big border with Mexico, and it's an important issue. But the issue on the borders is not just people, it's goods and services. And so the agreements we're talking about, the way to strengthen our relationships of course includes our border policy. And we'll continue to include border policy.
I forgot the other part of your three-part question. What's that -- you have something else you asked? I can't remember what it was. Oh, energy, yes.
Look, yes, we're using a lot of it and we need to conserve better in the United States. We're dependant on energy from overseas and we've got to become less dependent on energy from overseas. We appreciate the fact that Canada's tar sands are now becoming economical, and we're glad to be able to get the access toward a million barrels a day, headed toward two million barrels a day. And I want to thank -- and that's, by the way, an advantage for open trade; the American people must understand that when there is open trade, it helps solve our energy deficiency.
But one thing we can certainly do is cooperate better on sharing technologies. Look, we're going to have to change our habits. We're going to have to develop a hydrogen-powered automobile. And we look forward to working together. We've got integrated automobile industries between the three of us. And someday, hopefully, our automobile industries in our respective countries will be on the leading edge of technological change when it comes to helping change the habits of our consumers.
We're going to need liquefied natural gas coming into our three countries and into our markets. And I look forward with the Presidents on how to develop more access to liquefied natural gas, which -- and there's a lot of natural gas in the world. The question is, how do we economically get it to our respective markets.
I recently went and saw those developing zero emission coal-fired plants. I think we spent about a billion dollars on what's called the FutureGen Project. Look forward to working with our respective countries on sharing technologies and how to move forward to come up with zero emissions coal-fired plants.
And so there's a lot we can do and will do on energy. But there's no question the United States of America is hooked on foreign sources of energy. And I put forth a strategy to the United States Congress in 2001; they're still debating it, the issue. Now is the time to get a bill to my desk; this is the year. People see the prices of their gasoline rising at the pumps, and I am concerned and the American people are concerned, and it's now time to implement the strategies that we laid out in law.
But, no, this is a very important subject matter. Thank you for bringing it up. We spent a lot of time discussing it.
PRESIDENT FOX: (As translated.) As far as concrete actions, the first concrete actions are those that have to do with all of the topics addressed by this Partnership for Security and Prosperity and quality of life. And the first concrete actions are going to be a specific charge of 90 days to present detailed ideas at 12 different working groups, working tables that have to do with the general ideas that we are laying out here.
Another concrete action that we have agreed to is that the three Presidents feel that about halfway through this 90-day period of time, we need to be able to assess the direction, the pace and the degree to which these issues are becoming a reality towards the end of those 90 days. We want to be sure to have that final report be complete with all of the detail necessary, with all of the vision necessary that the Presidents have laid out.
Concrete actions in this sense also have to do with a sector-by-sector analysis so that from these analyses, we can create a strategy, sector-by-sector, perhaps third-generation strategies that go beyond anything we've done before to make the economies work well, jointly. Also concrete actions as far as security along the borders. And especially in our territories. Specifically in Mexico we want to ensure peace and tranquility for our society, we want to provide guarantee to our people that our security plans are working in every sense. Mexico has a very ambitious security package that starts with our southern border, with our brothers, friends, neighbors and partners in Central America, where we also want to address the issue of security because, in the end, this has repercussions throughout North America.
Concrete action will be taken as far as quality of life issues -- health, education. I repeat, we are going to write these down, write these objectives down in black and white and carry out, then, have this plan well configured and consolidated within the next 90 days, to make sure that it is feasible, because all of us have a sense of urgency. We want to make North America into the most competitive region in the world, and we can do it with actions in the fields of energy, education, technology, security and through protecting our natural resources. This should serve to give us a level of competitiveness that we seek.
In effect, we discussed immigration. We discussed it as a trilateral issue. We discussed the issue of border crossings and how we can protect our borders and be efficient along the border, and also how we can keep people from crossing who shouldn't be crossing, and address the threats that our nations have faced. So this is something that we also look at jointly. And in the end, this also has to do with competitiveness. And it also has to do with reaching the objectives that we have for security and quality of life.
PRIME MINISTER MARTIN: In terms of energy as -- we all know of the tremendous capacity that exists within Mexico. President Bush has referred to the tar sands, which are a great, great opportunity. And in fact, the whole energy sector, I think, for all of us is a huge, huge opportunity in terms of our competitiveness with the rest of the world. But in addition to the tar sands, you've got our conventional sources. You've got the Beaufort, the Hull, the question of pipelines that eventually will be addressed.
But there are also other areas, renewables. The President talked about clean coal technology, as an example. Renewables are dependent upon technology. And we're putting a lot now into wind pump -- into wind power. There is in the province of Saskatchewan, a major project going on, in terms of CO2 sequestration, which essentially will be a major factor in fighting -- in the whole climate change issue, and tremendous opportunities for us using these new technologies.
But the other thing that I would like to highlight, as well, in addition to nuclear, is Canada has great potential in terms of hydro-electricity. Northern Manitoba, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, to simply only give you a couple of examples. And what we've got to do -- especially looking at the failure of the electricity grid in North America a year ago, we've got to make sure that that grid is very, very sound. So the opportunities for cooperation are huge.
PRESIDENT BUSH: The final question, Paul.
PRIME MINISTER MARTIN: Anne Dawson.
Q My question is both to President Bush and Prime Minister Martin. You've had some very sharp differences with Canada in the past, especially on issues like missile defense. Has this strained relations? And is the door still open for Canada to join missile defense in the future, something you call fundamental to the defense of North America?
PRIME MINISTER MARTIN: Our relationships are very, very strong, and in a wide range of areas, and the fact that the three of us are meeting here today, and that we have put out what is really quite an ambitious program that is going to be measurable, I think is an indication of that.
Are there differences of opinion? Of course, there have -- there have been throughout our history and there will be in the future. On BMD, the file is closed. But our cooperation, in terms of defense, in terms of our borders, in terms of the defense of our common frontiers, is very -- is not only very clear, but it is being accentuated. And I've got to take that one step further. The defense of North America is not only going to take place in North America. Canada is playing an increasing load [sic] as an example -- role -- in Afghanistan. And that's also part of the defense of North America.
So we're working together and we're going to continue to work together increasingly in the whole way in which we establish a common security, in which we protect it, and our defense.
(As translated.) With respect to the shield, this is an issue that is closed. But in terms of capacity to work together, this is something where we have provided major budgetary increases, because we want to protect ourselves at home in Canada. We want to assume our responsibilities in North America at the border level, in the north, and with the oceans. But we must also say that Canada will accentuate its role in Afghanistan. That shows you to what extent the defense of North America is not only here in North America, but really that speaks of the necessity to bring the battle beyond our borders.
THE PRESIDENT: It's interesting -- "sharp differences." I guess that's -- "sharp" means kind of, if you think about what that means, that means maybe differences so that we can't have a positive relationship. I view them -- look, we've got differences. I don't know if you'd categorize them as differences that would then prevent us from finding common ground. I don't view it that way. I understand why people disagree with certain decisions I have made, but that doesn't prevent us from cooperating in intelligence-sharing, for example.
You know, a lot is made about softwood lumber, and it's clearly a sensitive issue. I know it firsthand. I've heard it ever since I became elected President. People are frustrated that we haven't got it solved. I understand that. But think about all the trade we've got between our countries, and we've resolved a lot of issues in a positive manner and we'll continue to resolve them. I mean, we had an issue with cows, and that is getting resolved. I'm amazed that we don't have more sharp -- whatever you call them -- disagreements -- because we're doing a lot together.
In other words, what I'm telling you is that I think the relationship is very strong and very positive. And just because somebody doesn't agree with our policy doesn't mean that we can't continue to have very positive relationships. The relationship with Mexico and the relationship with Canada are very important for the United States of America. And there's going to be disagreements and differences, and the fundamental question is, do we have the capacity to continue moving forward with the relationship, and the answer is, absolutely.
And I want to thank the leaders for coming. People of our respective countries will see how vital these relationships are. And I look forward to our ministers reporting back with concrete action -- they will be held to account, you're right, Mr. Prime Minister -- and look forward to saying to our respective peoples that -- and making clear that the relationship between America, Canada and Mexico is vital to our mutual prosperity, mutual health, and the benefit of our folks.
Thank you all for coming. Good to see you all.
END 12:05 P.M. CST