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< Back to current issue of Immigration Daily < Back to current issue of Immigrant's Weekly

S 1733 IS

107th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1733

To develop and implement a unified electronic data system to enhance access to information that is relevant to determine whether to issue a visa or admit an alien to the United States, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

November 27, 2001

Mr. EDWARDS introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To develop and implement a unified electronic data system to enhance access to information that is relevant to determine whether to issue a visa or admit an alien to the United States, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Name Matching for Enforcement and Security Act of 2001'.

SEC. 2. INTEROPERABLE LAW ENFORCEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE DATA SYSTEM WITH NAME MATCHING CAPACITY AND TRAINING.

    (a) UNIFIED ELECTRONIC DATA SYSTEM- Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, and the Director of Central Intelligence shall develop and implement a unified electronic data system to provide current and immediate access to information in databases of United States law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community that is relevant to determine whether to issue a visa or to determine the admissibility of an alien to the United States.

    (b) NAME SEARCH CAPACITY AND SUPPORT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The unified electronic data system required by subsection (a) shall--

        (A) have the capacity to match names even when those names are entered and stored in different fields within the different databases referred to in subsection (a);

        (B) be searchable on a linguistically sensitive basis;

        (C) provide adequate user support;

        (D) be developed in consultation with private sector firms;

        (E) to the extent practicable, utilize commercially available platforms; and

        (F) be adjusted and improved, based upon experience with the databases and improvements in the underlying technologies and sciences, on a continuing basis.

      (2) LINGUISTICALLY SENSITIVE SEARCHES-

        (A) IN GENERAL- To satisfy the requirement of paragraph (1)(B), the unified electronic database shall be searchable based on linguistically sensitive algorithms that--

          (i) account for variations in name formats and transliterations, including varied spellings and varied separation or combination of name elements, within a particular language; and

          (ii) incorporate advanced linguistic, mathematical, statistical, and anthropological research and methods.

        (B) LANGUAGES REQUIRED- Linguistically sensitive algorithms shall be developed and implemented for no fewer than 4 languages designated as high priorities by the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Director of Central Intelligence.

      (3) ADEQUATE USER SUPPORT- To satisfy the requirement of paragraph (1)(C), the unified electronic data system shall provide--

        (A) authoritative, easily accessed information about the nature, structure, and likely gender of names in different languages, including at least those languages specified pursuant to paragraph (2)(B); and

        (B) a means for communication of questions to experts.

      (4) INTERIM REPORTS- Beginning not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, and the Director of Central Intelligence shall submit a report to the appropriate committees of Congress on their progress in implementing each requirement of this section.

      (5) REPORTS BY INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES-

        (A) CURRENT STANDARDS- Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of Central Intelligence shall complete the survey and issue the report previously required by section 309(a) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 403-3 note).

        (B) GUIDELINES- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of Intelligence shall issue the guidelines and submit the copy of those guidelines previously required by section 309(b) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 403-3 note).

      (6) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

    (c) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT- In the development and implementation of the data system under this section, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, and the Director of Central Intelligence shall consult with the Director of the Office of Homeland Security, the Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force, United States law enforcement agencies, and the intelligence community.

    (d) TECHNOLOGY STANDARD- The data system developed and implemented under this subsection, shall utilize the technology standard established pursuant to section 403(c) of the United and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.

    (e) ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN DATA SYSTEM- Subject to subsection (f), information in the data system under this section shall be readily and easily accessible as follows:

      (1) To any Foreign Service officer responsible for the issuance of visas.

      (2) To any Federal agent responsible for determining the admissibility of an alien to the United States.

    (f) LIMITATION ON ACCESS- The Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Director of Central Intelligence shall establish procedures to restrict access to intelligence information in the data system under this section under circumstances in which such information is not to be disclosed directly to Government officials under subsection (e).


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