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Anti-Trafficking of Persons

This home page collates recent laws, regulations and reports concerning the trafficking of persons and government initiatives to stop them.

On October 28, 2000, President Clinton signed the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (VTVPA) (PL-106-386).

According to a Department of Justice March 27, 2001 Fact Sheet, trafficking of persons is the modern form of slavery and it is the largest manifestation of slavery today. At least 700,000 persons annually, primarily women and children, are trafficked within or across international borders. Approximately 50,000 women and children are trafficked into the United States each year. (Section 102, Congressional Findings of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act)

In late June, 2001, INS released information about the successful conclusion of two anti-smuggling operations that resulted over 8,300 arrests. Operation Crossroads International led to the arrest of smugglers, illegal document vendors and 7,898 interdicted migrants. Operation Firm Grip intercepted 415 migrants. Both operations were part of the INS Global Reach Initiative, a strategy of combating illegal immigration through emphasis on overseas deterrence. Global Reach gives INS an important tool to help stem the flow of migrant smuggling at its very source. INS has established 40 overseas offices with 150 U.S. positions to provide a permanent presence of immigration officers overseas to work on deterring migrant smuggling in source and transit countries.

On July 12, the Department of State formally issued the first Trafficking in Persons Report, as required by the VTVP Act. The release of this report was proceeded by special State Department briefings, including a summary of U.S. Government's International Anti-Trafficking in Persons Initiatives.

On July 18, the Departments of Justice and State jointly announced the upcoming issuance of new regulations that provide "protections and assistance to human trafficking victims as their cases are investigated and prosecuted," as well as "guidelines for prosecutors and investigators."

This new rule was issued on July 24, 2001.


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