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Anti-Atrocity Alien Deportation Act of 2001 (Introduced in the Senate)

S 864 IS

107th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 864

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to provide that aliens who commit acts of torture, extrajudicial killings, or other specified atrocities abroad are inadmissible and removable and to establish within the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice an Office of Special Investigations having responsibilities under that Act with respect to all alien participants in war crimes, genocide, and the commission of acts of torture and extrajudicial killings abroad.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 10, 2001

Mr. LEAHY (for himself, Mr. LIEBERMAN and Mr. LEVIN) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to provide that aliens who commit acts of torture, extrajudicial killings, or other specified atrocities abroad are inadmissible and removable and to establish within the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice an Office of Special Investigations having responsibilities under that Act with respect to all alien participants in war crimes, genocide, and the commission of acts of torture and extrajudicial killings abroad.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Anti-Atrocity Alien Deportation Act of 2001'.

SEC. 2. INADMISSIBILITY AND REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS WHO HAVE COMMITTED ACTS OF TORTURE OR EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLINGS ABROAD.

    (a) INADMISSIBILITY- Section 212(a)(3)(E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(E)) is amended--

      (1) in clause (ii), by striking `has engaged in conduct that is defined as genocide for purposes of the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide is inadmissible' and inserting `ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in conduct outside the United States that would, if committed in the United States or by a United States national, be genocide, as defined in section 1091(a) of title 18, United States Code, is inadmissible';

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

          `(iii) COMMISSION OF ACTS OF TORTURE OR EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLINGS- Any alien who, outside the United States, has committed, ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the commission of--

            `(I) any act of torture, as defined in section 2340 of title 18, United States Code; or

            `(II) under color of law of any foreign nation, any extrajudicial killing, as defined in section 3(a) of Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991;

          is inadmissible.'; and

      (3) in the subparagraph heading, by striking `PARTICIPANTS IN NAZI PERSECUTION OR GENOCIDE' and inserting `PARTICIPANTS IN NAZI PERSECUTION, GENOCIDE, OR THE COMMISSION OF ANY ACT OF TORTURE OR EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING'.

    (b) REMOVABILITY- Section 237(a)(4)(D) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(4)(D)) is amended--

      (1) by striking `clause (i) or (ii)' and inserting `clause (i), (ii), or (iii)'; and

      (2) in the subparagraph heading, by striking `ASSISTED IN NAZI PERSECUTION OR ENGAGED IN GENOCIDE' and inserting `ASSISTED IN NAZI PERSECUTION, PARTICIPATED IN GENOCIDE, OR COMMITTED ANY ACT OF TORTURE OR EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING'.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall apply to offenses committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3. INADMISSIBILITY AND REMOVABILITY OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS WHO HAVE COMMITTED PARTICULARLY SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.

    (a) Section 212(a)(2)(G) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(2)(G)) is amended to read as follows:

        `(G) FOREIGN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS WHO HAVE COMMITTED PARTICULARLY SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM- Any alien who, while serving as a foreign government official, was responsible for or directly carried out, at any time, particularly severe violations of religious freedom, as defined in section 3 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, are inadmissible.'.

    (b) Section 237(a)(4) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

        `(E) PARTICIPATED IN THE COMMISSION OF SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM- Any alien described in section 212(a)(2)(G) is deportable.'.

SEC. 4. BAR TO GOOD MORAL CHARACTER FOR ALIENS WHO HAVE COMMITTED ACTS OF TORTURE, EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLINGS, OR SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.

    Section 101(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(f)) is amended--

      (1) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (8) and inserting `; and'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

      `(9) one who at any time has engaged in conduct described in section 212(a)(3)(E) (relating to assistance in Nazi persecution, participation in genocide, or commission of acts of torture or extrajudicial killings) or 212(a)(2)(G) (relating to severe violations of religious freedom).'.

SEC. 5. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE OFFICE OF SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

    (a) AMENDMENT OF THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT- Section 103 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1103) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(g) The Attorney General shall establish within the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice an Office of Special Investigations with the authority of investigating, and, where appropriate, taking legal action to remove, denaturalize, prosecute, or extradite any alien found to be in violation of clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of section 212(a)(3)(E). In determining such appropriate legal action, consideration shall be given to--

      `(1) the availability of prosecution under the laws of the United States for any conduct that may form the basis for removal and denaturalization; or

      `(2) removal of the alien to a foreign jurisdiction that is prepared to undertake a prosecution for such conduct.'.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary to carry out the additional duties established under section 103(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as added by this Act) in order to ensure that the Office of Special Investigations fulfills its continuing obligations regarding Nazi war criminals.

      (2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Amounts appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 6. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, shall submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on implementation of this Act that includes a description of--

      (1) the procedures used to refer matters to the Office of Special Investigations in a manner consistent with the amendments made by this Act;

      (2) the revisions, if any, made to immigration forms to reflect changes in the Immigration and Nationality Act made by the amendments contained in this Act; and

      (3) the procedures developed, with adequate due process protection, to obtain sufficient evidence to determine whether an alien may be inadmissible under the terms of the amendments made by this Act.
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