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 HR 357 IH

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 357

To prevent violence against women, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 19, 1999

Mr. CONYERS (for himself, Mrs. MORELLA, Ms. ROYBAL-ALLARD, Mr. ABERCROMBIE, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. ALLEN, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. BALDACCI, Ms. BALDWIN, Mr. BARRETT of Wisconsin, Mr. BISHOP, Mr. BLAGOJEVICH, Mr. BLUMENAUER, Ms. BROWN of Florida, Mr. BROWN of California, Mr. BOUCHER, Mr. CAPUANO, Ms. CARSON, Mrs. CLAYTON, Mr. CLEMENT, Mr. COSTELLO, Mr. CRAMER, Mr. CUMMINGS, Ms. DEGETTE, Ms. DELAURO, Mr. DELAHUNT, Mr. DEUTSCH, Mr. EVANS, Mr. FARR of California, Mr. FILNER, Mr. FOLEY, Mr. FORD, Mr. GEJDENSON, Mr. GEPHARDT, Mr. GILMAN, Mr. GONZALEZ, Mr. GREEN of Texas, Mr. HINCHEY, Mr. HINOJOSA, Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas, Mr. JEFFERSON, Ms. EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON of Texas, Mr. KENNEDY of Rhode Island, Ms. KILPATRICK, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. LEACH, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Ms. LOFGREN, Mrs. LOWEY, Mrs. MCCARTHY of New York, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mrs. MALONEY of New York, Mr. MARKEY, Mr. MEEHAN, Mrs. MEEK of Florida, Ms. MILLENDER-MCDONALD, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, Mrs. MINK of Hawaii, Mr. MOAKLEY, Mr. MORAN of Virginia, Mr. NADLER, Mrs. NAPOLITANO, Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Ms. NORTON, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. PASCRELL, Mr. PASTOR, Mr. PAYNE, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. POMEROY, Mr. RODRIGUEZ, Mr. ROMERO-BARCELO, Mr. RUSH, Mr. SANDERS, Mr. SANDLIN, Mr. SHERMAN, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. STARK, Mrs. THURMAN, Mr. UNDERWOOD, Mr. VENTO, Mr. VISCLOSKY, Ms. WATERS, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. WEINER, Mr. WEYGAND, Mr. WISE, Ms. WOOLSEY, and Mr. WYNN) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committees on Education and the Workforce, Ways and Means, Commerce, Banking and Financial Services, Armed Services, and Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To prevent violence against women, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the `Violence Against Women Act of 1999'.

(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

Sec. 101. Reauthorization.

Sec. 102. Technical amendments.

Sec. 103. State coalition grants.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

Sec. 111. Reauthorization.

Sec. 112. Technical amendments.

Subtitle C--Battered Women's Shelters and Services

Sec. 121. Short title.

Sec. 122. Authorization of appropriations for family violence prevention and services.

Sec. 123. FVPSA improvements.

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

Sec. 131. Grants for community initiatives.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

Sec. 141. Reauthorization.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

Sec. 151. Definitions.

Sec. 152. Reauthorization.

Sec. 153. Technical amendment.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

Sec. 161. Reauthorization.

Sec. 162. Technical amendments.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

Sec. 171. Technical amendments.

Sec. 172. Reauthorization.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims' Counselors

Sec. 181. Reauthorization.

Subtitle J--Education and Prevention Grants To Reduce Sexual Abuse of Runaway, Homeless, and Street Youth

Sec. 191. Reauthorization.

Sec. 192. Dissemination of information.

Subtitle K--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

Sec. 193. Reauthorization of court-appointed special advocate program.

Sec. 194. Reauthorization of child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and practitioners.

Sec. 195. Reauthorization of grants for televised testimony.

Sec. 196. Dissemination of information.

TITLE II--LIMITING THE EFFECTS OF VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN

Sec. 201. Findings.

Subtitle A--Safe Havens for Children

Sec. 211. Purposes.

Sec. 212. Grants to provide for supervised visitation centers.

Subtitle B--Violence Against Women Prevention in Schools

Sec. 221. Grants for violence against women prevention in schools.

Subtitle C--Family Safety

Sec. 231. Short title.

Sec. 232. Findings and purposes.

Sec. 233. Defense to criminal custodial interference or parental abduction charge.

Sec. 234. Full faith and credit given to child custody determinations.

Subtitle D--Domestic Violence and Children

Sec. 241. Child custody, child abuse, and victims of domestic violence.

Subtitle E--Child Welfare Worker Training on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault

Sec. 251. Child welfare worker training on domestic violence and sexual assault.

Subtitle F--Child Abuse Accountability

Sec. 261. Short title.

Sec. 262. Amendments to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.

Sec. 263. Amendments to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

Sec. 264. Effective date.

TITLE III--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Rape Prevention Education

Sec. 301. Transfer of rape prevention and education program.

Sec. 302. Rape prevention education.

Subtitle B--Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Examinations

Sec. 311. Short title.

Sec. 312. Standards, practice, and training for sexual assault forensic examinations.

Subtitle C--Violence Against Women Training for Health Professions

Sec. 331. Short title.

Sec. 332. Establishment, for certain health professions programs, of provisions regarding domestic violence and sexual assault.

Subtitle D--Prevention of Custodial Sexual Assault by Correctional Staff

Sec. 341. Short title.

Sec. 342. Findings.

Sec. 343. Establishment of prevention program.

Sec. 344. Prohibited sexual conduct by correctional staff.

Sec. 345. National sexual contact hotline for prisoners.

Sec. 346. Definitions.

Subtitle E--Hate Crimes Prevention

Sec. 351. Short title.

Sec. 352. Findings.

Sec. 353. Definition of hate crime.

Sec. 354. Prohibition of certain acts of violence.

Sec. 355. Duties of Federal Sentencing Commission.

Sec. 356. Grant program.

Sec. 357. Authorization for additional personnel to assist State and local law enforcement.

Subtitle F--Rescheduling and Classification of Date-Rape Drugs

Sec. 361. Reclassification of date-rape drug.

Sec. 362. Classification of date-rape drugs.

Subtitle G--Access to Safety and Advocacy for Victims of Sexual Assault

Sec. 371. Purpose.

Sec. 372. Grants to improve access to the justice system.

Sec. 373. Application.

Sec. 374. Funding.

Sec. 375. Definitions.

TITLE IV--DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Victims' Housing

Sec. 401. Short title.

Sec. 402. Findings.

Sec. 403. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 404. Use of amounts for housing assistance for victims of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault.

Sec. 405. Definitions.

Subtitle B--Full Faith and Credit for Protection Orders

Sec. 411. Full faith and credit for protection orders.

Sec. 412. Grant program.

Subtitle C--Victims of Abuse Insurance Protection

Sec. 421. Short title.

Sec. 422. Definitions.

Sec. 423. Discriminatory acts prohibited.

Sec. 424. Insurance protocols for subjects of abuse.

Sec. 425. Reasons for adverse actions.

Sec. 426. Life insurance.

Sec. 427. Subrogation without consent prohibited.

Sec. 428. Enforcement.

Sec. 429. Effective date.

Subtitle D--National Summit on Sports and Violence

Sec. 431. Sense of the Congress that a national summit of sports, political, community, and media leaders should be promptly convened to develop a multifaceted action plan to deter acts of violence, especially domestic violence and sexual assault.

Subtitle E--Keeping Firearms From Intoxicated Persons

Sec. 441. Prohibition against transfer of a firearm to, and possession of a firearm by, a person who is intoxicated.

Subtitle F--Access to Safety and Advocacy

Sec. 451. Short title.

Sec. 452. Purpose.

Sec. 453. Grants to improve access to the justice system.

Sec. 454. Application.

Sec. 455. Funding.

Sec. 456. Provision of technical assistance and training.

Sec. 457. Evaluation of access to safety and advocacy grants.

Sec. 458. Definitions.

Subtitle G--Strengthening Enforcement To Reduce Violence Against Women

Sec. 461. Amendments to domestic violence and stalking offenses.

Subtitle H--Disclosure Protections

Sec. 471. Disclosure protections under the child support program.

TITLE V--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE MILITARY SYSTEM

Subtitle A--Civilian Jurisdiction for Crimes of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Sec. 501. Criminal offenses committed outside the United States by persons accompanying the Armed Forces.

Sec. 502. Records of military justice actions.

Subtitle B--Transitional Compensation for Abused Dependents of Members of the Armed Forces

Sec. 511. Transitional compensation.

Subtitle C--Confidentiality of Records

Sec. 521. Confidentiality of records.

TITLE VI--PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN TRADITIONALLY UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES

Subtitle A--Older Women's Protection From Violence

Sec. 601. Short title.

Sec. 602. Findings.

Chapter 1--Violence Against Women Act of 1994

Sec. 603. Elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

Chapter 2--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

Sec. 604. Definitions.

Sec. 605. Domestic violence services for older individuals.

Sec. 606. Demonstration grants for community initiatives.

Chapter 3--Older Americans Act of 1965

Sec. 607. Definitions.

Sec. 608. Research about the sexual assault of women who are older individuals.

Sec. 609. State long-term care ombudsman program.

Sec. 610. Training for health professionals, and other providers of services to older individuals, on screening for elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

Sec. 611. Domestic violence shelters and programs for older individuals.

Sec. 612. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 613. Community initiatives and outreach.

Chapter 4--Public Health Service Act

Sec. 614. Short title.

Sec. 615. Establishment, for certain health professions programs, of provisions regarding identification and referral for elder abuse and neglect.

Sec. 616. Area health education centers.

Sec. 617. Geriatric centers and training.

Subtitle B--Protections Against Violence and Abuse for Women With Disabilities

Sec. 620. Short title.

Sec. 621. Findings.

Sec. 622. Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.

Sec. 623. Family Violence Prevention and Services Act.

Sec. 624. Violence Against Women Act.

Sec. 625. Training programs for social service and health providers.

Sec. 626. Training for health professionals on screening for abuse of women with disabilities.

Sec. 627. Research about sexual abuse and violence against women with disabilities.

Sec. 628. Grants for technical assistance.

Subtitle C--Battered Immigrant Women

Sec. 630. Findings and purposes.

Sec. 631. VAWA Restoration Act.

Sec. 632. Remedying problems with implementation of the Violence Against Women Act's immigration provisions.

Sec. 633. Waivers and exceptions to inadmissibility for otherwise qualified battered immigrants.

Sec. 634. Calculation of physical presence in VAWA cancellation of removal and suspension of deportation.

Sec. 635. Improved access to VAWA immigration protections for battered immigrant women.

Sec. 636. Improved access to VAWA cancellation of removal.

Sec. 637. Good moral character determinations.

Sec. 638. Battered Immigrant Women's Economic Security Act.

Sec. 639. Access to Legal Services Corporation funds.

Sec. 640. Violence Against Women Act training for INS officers, immigration judges, and civil and criminal court justice system personnel.

Sec. 641. Protection for certain victims of crimes against women.

Subtitle D--Conforming Amendments to the Violence Against Women Act

Sec. 651. Law enforcement and prosecution grants.

Sec. 652. Family Violence Prevention and Services Act.

TITLE VII--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THE WORKPLACE

Sec. 701. Findings.

Subtitle A--National Clearinghouse on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault and the Workplace Grant

Sec. 711. National Clearinghouse on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault and the Workplace grant.

Subtitle B--Victims' Employment Rights

Sec. 721. Short title.

Sec. 722. Purposes.

Sec. 723. Definitions.

Sec. 724. Prohibited discriminatory acts.

Sec. 725. Enforcement.

Sec. 726. Attorney's fees.

Subtitle C--Workplace Violence Against Women Prevention Tax Credit

Sec. 731. Short title.

Sec. 732. Credit for costs to employers of implementing workplace safety programs to combat violence against women.

Subtitle D--Battered Women's Employment Protection

Sec. 741. Short title.

Sec. 742. Purposes.

Sec. 743. Unemployment compensation.

Sec. 744. Entitlement to leave for addressing domestic violence for non-Federal employees.

Sec. 745. Entitlement to leave for addressing domestic violence for Federal employees.

Sec. 746. Existing leave usable for domestic violence.

Sec. 747. Effect on other laws and employment benefits.

Sec. 748. Effective date.

Subtitle E--Education and Training Grants To Promote Responses to Violence Against Women

Sec. 751. Education and Training Grants To Promote Appropriate Responses to Violence Against Women.

Subtitle F--Workers' Compensation

Sec. 761. Sense of Congress regarding workplace violence against women and workers' compensation.

TITLE VIII--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN INTERVENTION, PREVENTION, AND EDUCATION RESEARCH

Sec. 801. Violence against women intervention, prevention, and education research.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this Act--

(1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

(2) INDIAN COUNTRY- The term `Indian country' has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.

(3) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

(4) STALKING- The term `stalking' means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family, when the person engaging in such conduct has knowledge or should have knowledge that the specific person will be placed in reasonable fear of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family and when the conduct induces fear in the specific person of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

SEC. 101. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 1001(a)(18) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(18)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (E);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) and inserting `; and'; and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:

`(G) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(H) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(I) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(J) $195,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.'.

SEC. 102. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

(a) Section 2002(c)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

`(3) up to 20 percent to be allocated to law enforcement, up to 20 percent to prosecution grants, at least 35 percent to victims' services, and at least 10 percent to State court systems; and'.

(b) Section 2002(e) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

`(3) REALLOTMENT OF FUNDS-

`(A) If, at the end of the 9th month of any fiscal year for which funds are appropriated under section 1001(a)(18), the amounts made available are unspent or unobligated, such unspent or unobligated funds shall be reallotted to the current fiscal year recipients in the victim services area pursuant to section 2002(c)(3)) proportionate to their original allotment for the current fiscal year.

`(B) For the first 2 fiscal years following the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, the Attorney General may waive the qualification requirements of section 2002(c), at the request of the State and with the support of law enforcement, prosecution, and victims' services grantees currently

funded under this section, if the reallocation of funds among law enforcement, prosecution, victims' services and State court systems mandated by this Act adversely impacts victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking, due to the reduction of funds to programs and services funded under this section in the prior fiscal year.'.

(c) Section 2001(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (6); and

(2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (10) and by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new paragraphs:

`(7) developing, enlarging, or strengthening State court programs, including training for State, local, and tribal judges and court personnel, addressing violent crimes against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking;

`(8) training of sexual assault forensic nurse examiners in the collection and preservation of evidence, analysis, prevention, and providing expert testimony and treatment of trauma related to sexual assault; and

`(9) supporting the development of sexual assault response teams to strengthen the investigation of sexual assaults and coordinate services for victims of sexual assault.'.

(d) Section 2002 of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1) is amended by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

`(e) MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE- The Attorney General shall deny applications--

`(1) that do not meet the requirements set forth in subsections (c) and (d); and

`(2) for failure to provide documentation, including memoranda of understanding, contract, or other document of any collaborative efforts with other agencies or organizations.'.

(e) Section 2003(8) of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(8)) is amended by striking `assisting domestic violence or sexual assault victims through the legal process' and inserting `providing advocacy and assistance for victims seeking legal, social, and health care services', and inserting before the period the following: `, except that such term shall not include programs or activities that are targeted primarily for offenders'.

(f) Section 2002(b)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(b)(1)) is amended by striking `4 percent' and inserting `5 percent'.

(g) Section 2005(b)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-4(b)(3)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (C);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting `; and'; and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:

`(E) the reimbursement is not contingent upon the victim's report of the sexual assault to law enforcement or upon the victim's cooperation in the prosecution of the sexual assault.'.

(h) Section 2006(a)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-5(a)(1)) is amended by inserting `'civil or criminal' before `protection order'.

SEC. 103. STATE COALITION GRANTS.

Section 2001 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg) is amended by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

`(c)(1) PURPOSE- The Attorney General shall make grants to each of the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in the State for the purposes of coordinating State victim services activities, and collaborating and coordinating with Federal, State, and local entities engaged in violence against women activities. In no case will such awards preclude the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions from receiving grants under this part T to fulfill the purposes described in subsections (a) and (b).

`(2) GRANTS TO COALITIONS- Five percent of the funds appropriated for a fiscal year under section 1001(a)(18) shall be made available for grants to domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions for the purposes described in paragraph (1).

`(3) GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENT-

`(A) AMOUNT- The domestic violence and sexual assault coalition in each State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the combined United States Territories shall each receive an amount equal to 1/54 of the amount made available under paragraph (2). The combined United

States Territories shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year and the tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year.

`(B) DEFINITION- For the purposes of this section, the term `combined United States Territories' means Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

`(C) INDIANS- 1/54 of the amount appropriated shall be made available for development and operation of nonprofit nongovernmental tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in Indian country. The term `Indian country' has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.

`(4) DISBURSEMENT OF GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENTS- Fifty percent of the 1/54 allotted to each State, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the combined United States Territories, and Indian country under paragraph (3) shall be made available to the domestic violence coalition as defined in the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410 et seq.) and fifty percent shall be made available to the sexual assault coalition as defined under the Public Health Service Act; and

`(5) COMPONENT ELIGIBILITY- In the case of combined domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, each component shall be deemed eligible for the awards for sexual assault and domestic violence activities, respectively.'.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

SEC. 111. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 316(f)(1) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

`(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this section--

`(A) $1,600,000 for fiscal year 2000;

`(B) $1,800,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(C) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(D) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(E) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.'.

SEC. 112. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

Section 316 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416) is amended by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and by inserting after subsection (e) the following:

`(f) Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, all entities receiving funds pursuant to activities under subsection (a) shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that evaluates the effectiveness of the use of amounts received under such grants by such grantee and containing such other information as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall publish any such reports and provide at least 90 days for notice and opportunity for public comment prior to awarding or renewing any such grants.'.

Subtitle C--Battered Women's Shelters and Services

SEC. 121. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Battered Women's Shelters and Services Act'.

SEC. 122. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES.

Section 310(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(a)) is amended to read as follows:

`(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title--

`(1) $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

`(2) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(3) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(4) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(5) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.'.

SEC. 123. FVPSA IMPROVEMENTS.

(a) Section 304(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10403(a)) is amended--

(1) by inserting after `grant authorized under section 303(a)' the following: `$500,000, with the remaining funds to be allotted to each State in';

(2) by striking paragraph (1), by striking the dash preceding paragraph (1), by striking `(2)', and by running in the text of paragraph (2) after `except that';

(3) by striking the last sentence.

(b) Section 304(d) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10403(d)) is amended--

(1) by inserting after `to such State in grants under section 303(a)' the following: `or Indian tribe or tribal organization under section 303(b)';

(2) by inserting after `failure of such State' the following: `or Indian tribe or tribal organization, or other entity';

(3) by inserting after `such amount to States' the following: `and Indian tribes and tribal organizations';

(4) by inserting after `which meet such requirements' the following: `proportionate to the original allocation made under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively'; and

(5) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3) and adding after paragraph (1) the following:

`(2) If, at the end of the sixth month of any fiscal year for which sums are appropriated under section 310, the amount allotted to an entity has not been made available to such entity in grants under sections 308 and 311 because of the failure of such entity to meet the requirements for a grant or because the limitation on expenditure has been reached, then the Secretary shall reallot such amount to States and Indian tribes and tribal organizations that meet such requirements proportionate to the original allocation under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively.'

(c) Section 308(a)(2) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(a)(2)) is amended by adding `on providing training and technical assistance' after `focusing', and by adding at the end the following: `The Secretary may award grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations for technical assistance and training initiatives on the subjects identified in subsection (c) if such initiatives do not duplicate the work of the entities funded under subsection (c) and the total amounts awarded for such initiatives do not exceed $500,000.'

(d) Section 308(c) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(c)) is amended by adding `on emerging issues in domestic violence service, prevention, or law and' after `service providers, and', by striking `domestic violence service, prevention, or law' after `following areas', and by adding after paragraph (7) the following:

`(8) Providing technical assistance and training to local domestic violence programs that provide shelter or related assistance.

`(9) Improving access to services, information, and training within Indian tribes and tribal organizations.

`(10) Responding to emerging issues in the field of domestic violence that the Secretary may identify in consultation with advocates representing local programs providing shelter or related assistance, State domestic violence coalitions, and national domestic violence organizations.

`(11) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Secretary from making multiple grants to any nonprofit, nongovernmental entity to fulfill the purposes of this section.'.

(e) Section 309(1)(B) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10408(1)(B)) is amended by inserting `, with whom such person is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature,' before `or with whom'.

(f) Section 309 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 10408) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(7) The term `Indian country' has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.'.

(g) Section 310(c) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(c)) is amended by adding after `for each fiscal year,' the following: `the lesser of $7,500,000 or'.

(h) Section 310(d) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(d)) is amended by striking `not less than' and inserting `the lesser of $22,000,000 or' and by adding at the end the following: `At such time as the appropriation under this subsection exceeds $11,000,000, the Secretary shall designate that of the amounts appropriated under this subsection up to 20 percent of such funds shall be made available in the amounts necessary to State domestic violence coalitions for the specific purpose of providing technical assistance and training and direct assistance in the following areas or other priorities that may be determined by the Secretary in consultation with State domestic violence coalitions and programs that provide shelter or related assistance:

`(1) MODEL LEADERSHIP GRANTS FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE INTERVENTION IN UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES- The Secretary shall award grants of up to 3 years to not more than 10 State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and not more than 10 local domestic violence programs providing shelter or related assistance to develop model strategies to address domestic violence in underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)). Such grants shall be made to assess the needs of underserved populations in the State or Indian country; build collaborative relationships with community-based organizations serving underserved populations; and develop and implement model community intervention strategies to decrease the incidence of domestic violence in underserved populations.

`(A) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for a 1-year model leadership grant under this paragraph, an applicant shall demonstrate--

`(i) a plan for assessing the needs of underserved populations and identifying a specific population for development of an intervention strategy in the year of the grant; and

`(ii) inclusion of representatives from community-based organizations in underserved communities in planning, designing, and disseminating the needs assessment instruments.

`(B) ELIGIBILITY FOR CONTINUED FUNDING- To be eligible for continued funding of up to 2 additional years, an applicant shall provide--

`(i) a plan for implementing the model strategies which includes collaborative partnerships with community-based organizations within the underserved populations identified; and

`(ii) a plan for disseminating the model strategy throughout the State or Indian country, or to other States during year 3 of the grant.

`(C) PRIORITY FOR COLLABORATIVE FUNDING- In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give preference to State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and local domestic violence shelters and programs that submit applications in collaboration with community-based organizations serving underserved populations. A grant may not be made under this subsection in an amount less than $100,000 for each fiscal year.

`(2) DIRECT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

`(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to each State and tribal domestic violence coalition for the purpose of administering an emergency assistance fund for victims of domestic violence. Funds received under this paragraph may be used only to provide emergency assistance directly to victims of domestic violence who are in the process of fleeing an abusive situation. Emergency assistance shall include transportation, housing, and other expenses associated with relocation. Funds shall be requested by domestic violence shelters and programs on behalf of victims.

`(B) APPLICATION- Prior to receipt of emergency assistance funds under this paragraph, the State or tribal domestic violence coalition shall provide to the Secretary--

`(i) a detailed description of the process for receiving and reviewing applications for emergency assistance;

`(ii) a detailed description of the process for notifying domestic violence shelters and programs about the availability of emergency assistance funds;

`(iii) an application form that includes the type of assistance requested, a statement of need for the funds, a statement about the impact of the funds on the victim's ability to escape domestic violence, and other such information that would be helpful in disbursing emergency assistance funds;

`(iv) the process used to make payments to recipients; and

`(v) a statement of procedures used to protect the confidentiality of recipients.

`(C) REPORTING- The State or tribal domestic violence coalition shall file an annual report to the Secretary describing the distribution of funds to victims of domestic violence by type and amount of assistance provided. For reasons of safety and confidentiality, such report shall not contain individually identifying information.

`(3) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING FOR STATE, LOCAL, AND TRIBAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMS-

`(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to a State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions for the purpose of providing training and technical assistance for State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and other nonprofit, nongovernmental State, local, and tribal domestic violence programs. Funds received under this section shall be used to conduct regional training and technical assistance initiatives to be developed and implemented by a nonprofit, nongovernmental State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions within each of the regions administered by the Department of Health and Human Services. Funds shall be used to prioritize, plan, and implement solutions to regional problems experienced by domestic violence coalitions and programs providing shelter or related assistance within the region.

`(B) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for funding under this paragraph the grantee shall have the support of the majority of State and tribal domestic violence coalitions within the region and shall have its principal place of operation within the region. Nothing in this section shall prohibit domestic violence programs within Indian tribes from receiving technical assistance and training under this grant program. Grantees shall be encouraged to work in collaboration with domestic violence advocates and organizations outside of the region and with the national resource center and special issue resource centers established in this Act to provide expertise in delivering training and technical assistance within the region.

`(C) REPORTING- The grantee State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions shall file an annual report to the Secretary describing the recipients and the type of technical assistance and training received.'.

(i) Section 308(e) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, all entities receiving funds pursuant to activities under this section shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that evaluates the effectiveness of the use of amounts received under such grants by such grantee and containing such other information as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall publish any such reports and provide at least 90 days for notice and opportunity for public comment prior to awarding or renewing any such grants.'.

(j) Section 307(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(3) The Secretary shall deny any application that fails to provide documentation, including memoranda of understanding, of the specific involvement of the State or tribal domestic violence coalition and other knowledgeable individuals and interested organizations, in the development of the State or tribe's application.'.

(k) Section 303(b) of the Family Violence Prevention Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(4) From the amounts made available under paragraph (1), there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal domestic violence coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for victims of domestic violence operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation and programs whose primary purpose is serving the populations of such Indian country and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of domestic violence intervention and prevention through activities including--

`(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian domestic violence programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence in Indian country;

`(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

`(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for the Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

`(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal governmental systems which affect battered women in Indian country, including judicial and law enforcement and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence cases;

`(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing domestic violence in Indian country;

`(F) collaborating with State domestic violence coalitions in the areas described above; and

`(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to the Indian reservation and tribal organizations under paragraph (1).'

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

SEC. 131. GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

(a) Section 318(h) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(h)) is amended to read as follows:

`(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

`(1) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

`(2) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(4) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(5) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.'.

(b) Subsection (i) of section 318 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418) is amended by inserting the text of the subsection as a cut-in paragraph (1) with the heading `IN GENERAL- ' and by adding at the end the following:

`(2) INFORMATION- The Secretary shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target other community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.'.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

SEC. 141. REAUTHORIZATION.

(a) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN STATE COURTS- (1) Section 40412 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13992) is amended--

(A) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (18);

(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (19); and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:

`(20) the issues raised by domestic violence in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child and of a parent who is not a predominant aggressor of domestic violence, the legitimate reasons parents may report domestic violence, the ways domestic violence may relate to an abuser's desire to seek custody, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving domestic violence;

`(21) the issues raised by child sexual assault in determining custody and visitation, including how

to protect the safety of the child, the legitimate reasons parents may report child sexual assault, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving child sexual assault, including the current scientifically-accepted and empirically valid research on child sexual assault; and

`(22) the extent to which addressing domestic violence and victim safety contributes to the efficient administration of justice.'.

(2) Section 40414(a) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13994(a)) is amended by inserting `and $1,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004' after `1996'.

(b) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN FEDERAL COURTS- (1) Section 40421(d) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14001(d)) is amended to read as follows:

`(d) MODEL PROGRAMS- The Federal Judicial Center, in carrying out section 620(b)(3) of title 28, United States Code, shall include in the educational programs it prepares, including the training programs for newly appointed judges, information on the aspects of the topics listed in section 40412 that pertain to issues within the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and shall prepare materials necessary to implement this subsection.'.

(2) Section 40422(2) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14002(2)) is amended by inserting `and $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004' after `1996'.

(c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE EQUAL JUSTICE FOR WOMEN IN THE COURTS ACT OF 1994-

(1) ENSURING COLLABORATION WITH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- Section 40413 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13993) is amended by adding `including national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault programs and coalitions,' after `victim advocates'.

(2) PARTICIPATION OF TRIBAL COURTS IN STATE TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- Section 40411 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13991) is amended by adding at the end the following: `Nothing shall preclude the attendance of tribal judges and court personnel at programs funded under this section for States to train judges and court personnel on the laws of the States.'

(3) USE OF FUNDS FOR DISSEMINATION OF MODEL PROGRAMS- Section 40414 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13994) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(c) The State Justice Institute may use up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated under this section for annually compiling and broadly disseminating (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable the replication and adoption of the projects.'.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

SEC. 151. DEFINITIONS.

Section 2105(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-4(1)) is amended to read as follows:

`(1) the term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.'.

SEC. 152. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 1001(a)(19) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(19)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (B);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

`(D) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

`(E) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(F) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(G) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(H) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.'.

SEC. 153. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(d) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under this section shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.'.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

SEC. 161. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 40295(c)(1) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971(c)(1)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (B);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting `; and'; and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

`(D) $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

SEC. 162. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

Section 40295(c) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(3) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under paragraph (1) shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.'.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

SEC. 171. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

Section 40602(a) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14031(a)) is amended by inserting `and implement' after `improve'.

SEC. 172. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 40603 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14032) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (2);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting `; and'; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

`(4) $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims' Counselors

SEC. 181. REAUTHORIZATION.

The text of section 40114 of the Safe Streets for Women Act of 1994 is amended to read as follows: `There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States Attorneys for the purpose of appointing Victim/Witness Counselors for the prosecution of domestic violence and sexual assault crimes where applicable (such as the District of Columbia) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

Subtitle J--Education and Prevention Grants To Reduce Sexual Abuse of Runaway, Homeless, and Street Youth

SEC. 191. REAUTHORIZATION.

Section 316(c) of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5712d(c)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (2);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

`(4) $22,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

SEC. 192. DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.

Section 316 of part A of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5712d) is amended by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e) and by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

`(d) The Secretary shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this subtitle, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.'.

Subtitle K--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

SEC. 193. REAUTHORIZATION OF COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

Section 218(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13014(a)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (4);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

`(6) $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'

SEC. 194. REAUTHORIZATION OF CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND PRACTITIONERS.

Section 224(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13024(a)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (4);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

`(6) $2,300,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

SEC. 195. REAUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR TELEVISED TESTIMONY.

Section 1001(a)(7) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(7)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (D);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

`(F) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.'.

SEC. 196. DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.

Section 40156 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 is amended by inserting at the end the following:

`(d) The Attorney General shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.'.

TITLE II--LIMITING THE EFFECTS OF VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN

SEC. 201. FINDINGS.

Congress finds as follows:

(1) Witnessing domestic violence has a devastating impact on children, placing them at high risk for anxiety, depression, and, potentially, suicide. These children may exhibit more aggressive, antisocial, fearful, and inhibited behaviors.

(2) Children exposed to domestic violence often have problems in school.

(3) Domestic violence is strongly correlated with child abuse. Studies have found that between 50 and 70 percent of men who abuse their female partners also abuse their children.

(4) Boys who witness parental abuse during their childhood are at a higher risk of being physically aggressive in dating and marital relationships.

(5) Girls are 3 times as likely as boys to be victims of sexual abuse.

(6) Children often fail to report child sexual abuse because of the fear that disclosure will bring worse consequences than being victimized again, including consequences from the family, feeling guilty for consequences to the perpetrator, and fear of subsequent retaliation from the perpetrator. Victims may also feel that the abuse is their fault.

(7) Women are at an increased risk of harm after separation from an abusive partner. Separated women are 3 times more likely than divorced women and 25 times more likely than married women to be victims of violence at the hands of an intimate partner.

(8) Children are also at increased risk of harm during separation. In one study, 34 percent of women in shelters and callers to hotlines reported threats of kidnapping, 11 percent reported that the batterer had kidnapped the child for some period, and 21 percent reported that threats of kidnapping forced the victim to return to the batterer.

(9) According to a 1996 report by the American Psychological Association, which Congress views as authoritative on matters of domestic violence and child custody and visitation determinations, custody and visitation disputes are more frequent when there is a history of domestic violence. Further, fathers who batter mothers are twice as likely to seek sole custody of their children and they may misuse the legal system as a forum for continuing abuse through harassing and retaliatory legal actions.

(10) The need for supervised visitation centers far exceeds the number of available programs, resulting in courts ordering unsupervised visitation and endangering parents and children or cutting off visitation altogether.

(11) One-third of high school and college age students experience violence with an intimate partner.

(12) A 1992 study concluded that being abused or neglected in childhood increases the likelihood of arrest for girls and women by 77 percent.

(13) Although courts should diligently protect the interests of both parents in frequent and continuing contact with their children, in the case where one parent has committed domestic violence against the other parent, protection of the other parent and the children is a vital consideration that should take precedence.

(14) Every State has legislation or judicial decisions that base its custody determinations on what is in the best interests of the child and the vast majority of States include considerations of domestic violence as a factor in determining the best interests of the child.

(15) The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges includes the option of supervised visitation centers in their Model Code on Domestic and Family Violence.

(16) Despite the perception that mothers always win custody cases, studies show that fathers who contest custody win sole or joint custody in 40 to 70 percent of cases.

(17) According to the American Psychological Association, there is no reliable empirical data to support the so-called phenomenon of `parental alienation syndrome,' although courts and custody evaluators frequently use such terms to discount children's reasonable fear and anger toward a violent parent. This `syndrome' and similar ones are used almost exclusively against women.

(18) The documented rate of any child abuse allegations in custody cases is approximately 2 percent, and there is no evidence that false accusations are more common in the context of custody litigation.

(19) Congress never intended that the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act be used to prohibit an abused or protective parent from protecting themselves or their child by relocation to a place of safety.

(20) When domestic violence is or has been present in the relationship, shared parenting arrangements, couples counseling, or mediation arrangements may increase the danger to children and to the nonviolent parent.

Subtitle A--Safe Havens for Children

SEC. 211. PURPOSES.

The purposes of section 212 are--

(1) to provide secure locations for visitation and visitation exchange;

(2) to protect children from the trauma of witnessing domestic violence or experiencing abduction, injury, or death during parent and child visitation and visitation exchanges;

(3) to protect victims of domestic violence from experiencing further violence, abuse, and threats during child visitation and visitation exchanges;

(4) to protect children from the trauma of experiencing sexual assault or other forms of physical assault and abuse during parent and child visitation and visitation exchanges; and

(5) to provide an ongoing safe haven for parents and children during visitation and visitation exchanges to promote continuity and stability.

SEC. 212. GRANTS TO PROVIDE FOR SUPERVISED VISITATION CENTERS.

(a) GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS- The Attorney General is authorized to award grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements to public or private nonprofit nongovernmental entities, including tribal organizations and nonprofit organizations operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation whose governing body reflects the populations served, to assist such entities in establishing and operating supervised visitation centers for the purposes of facilitating supervised visitation and visitation exchange. At least 50 percent of all funds appropriated under subsection (e) shall be for contracts and cooperative agreements with private nonprofit, nongovernmental entities, including entities receiving court referrals.

(b) CONSIDERATIONS- In awarding such grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under paragraph (1), the Attorney General shall take into account--

(1) the number of families to be served by the proposed visitation center to be established under the grant, contract, or agreement;

(2) the extent to which supervised visitation centers serve underserved populations as that term is defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)), as defined in section 651(c);

(3) the extent to which the applicant demonstrates cooperation and collaboration with nonprofit, nongovernmental entities in the local community served, including the State and tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, tribal organizations, rape crisis centers, local shelters, and programs for domestic violence victims, including programs providing legal assistance to domestic violence victims and sexual assault victims;

(4) the extent to which the applicant demonstrates coordination and collaboration with appropriate court systems, including State, local, and, in the case of Indian country, tribal and Federal court systems, and mechanisms for communication and referral; and

(5) the extent to which the applicant demonstrates implementation of domestic violence and sexual assault training for all employees.

(c) USE OF FUNDS-

(1) IN GENERAL- Amounts provided under a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement awarded under subsection (a) shall be used to establish supervised visitation centers and for the purposes described in section 211. In using such amounts, grantees and persons awarded a contract or cooperative agreement shall target the economically disadvantaged and those individuals who could not otherwise afford such visitation services. Individuals shall be permitted to use the services provided by the center on a sliding fee basis. For purposes of determining qualification for sliding scale fees, only the individual income will be considered and no spousal or household income will be counted.

(2) REGULATIONS AND APPLICANT REQUIREMENTS- The Attorney General shall award grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under subsection (a) in accordance with such regulations as the Attorney General may promulgate. The regulations shall establish a multi-year grant process. The Attorney General shall give priority in awarding grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under this title to entities in States and Indian country that consider domestic violence in making a custody decision. An applicant awarded such a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement shall--

(A) for applicants for a purpose described in paragraph (1) or (2) of section 211--

(i) demonstrate recognized expertise in the area of domestic violence, including addressing the impact of domestic violence on children, and a record of high quality service to victims of domestic violence; and

(ii) demonstrate through a memorandum of understanding collaboration with and support of the State or tribal domestic violence coalition and local or tribal domestic violence shelter or program in the locality in which the supervised visitation center will be operated;

(B) for applicants for a purpose described in paragraph (3) of section 211--

(i) demonstrate recognized expertise in the area of child sexual assault and abuse and a record of high quality service to victims of sexual assault; and

(ii) demonstrate through a memorandum of understanding collaboration with and support of the State or tribal sexual assault coalition and local or tribal rape crisis center or sexual assault program in the locality where the supervised visitation center will be operated;

(C) provide supervised visitation and visitation exchange services over the duration of a court order to promote continuity and stability;

(D) demonstrate that adequate security measures, including adequate facilities, procedures and personnel capable of preventing violence, are in place for the operation of supervised visitation; and

(E) describe in detail the standards by which the supervised visitation center will operate.

(d) REPORTING- Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Attorney General shall report to Congress, categorized by State or tribe, information concerning--

(1) the number of individuals including number of parents and children served and the number of individuals turned away from services, the number of individuals from underserved populations (as such term is defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)), as defined in section 651(c)), served and turned away from services, and the type of presenting problems that underlie the need for supervised visitation or visitation exchange, such as domestic violence, child sexual abuse, emotional abuse or other physical abuse of children, or a combination of such factors;

(2) the numbers of supervised visitations or visitation exchanges ordered during custody determinations under a separation or divorce decree, under a protection order, through child protection services, through other social services agencies or by any other order of a civil, criminal, juvenile, family, or tribal court;

(3) the process by which children or abused partners are protected during visitations, temporary custody transfers and other activities for which the supervised visitation centers are created;

(4) safety and security problems occurring during the reporting period during supervised visitations or at visitation centers, including the number of parental abductions;

(5) the number of parental abduction cases in a judicial district using supervised visitation services, both as identified in criminal prosecution and custody violations;

(6) program standards across the country that are in place for operating a supervised visitation center; and

(7) any other appropriate information designated in regulations promulgated by the Attorney General.

(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

(1) IN GENERAL- For the purpose of awarding grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $85,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $95,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and $115,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

(2) DISTRIBUTION- Of the amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) for each fiscal year, not less than 95 percent shall be used to award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements. At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under paragraph (1) shall be used for grants to tribal organizations.

Subtitle B--Violence Against Women Prevention in Schools

SEC. 221. GRANTS FOR VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION IN SCHOOLS.

(a) PURPOSES- The purposes of grants under this section are--

(1) to reduce the impact of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking in the lives of young women and children;

(2) to develop, modify, and implement State, local, or tribal school system policies for school personnel at elementary, middle, and secondary schools on domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking;

(3) to develop, modify, and implement State, local, or tribal school system policies regarding identification and referral procedures for students who are witnessing or experiencing domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking in their lives; and

(4) to help prevent students from becoming victims or perpetrators of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking through State, local, or tribal programs and prevention strategies targeting students at elementary, middle, and secondary schools.

(b) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- The Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall provide grants to State, local, or tribal school systems to develop, modify, and implement State, local, or tribal school system policies and programs for elementary schools, middle schools, and secondary schools which address domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking.

(c) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for a grant under subsection (b), a State, local, or tribal school system shall collaborate with domestic violence or sexual assault experts from State, local, or tribal domestic violence and sexual assault programs.

(d) APPLICATIONS- A State, local, or tribal school system that desires to receive a grant under subsection (b) shall submit to the Secretary of Education an application, in such form and manner as the Secretary of Education shall prescribe, that--

(1) demonstrates that the educational program is comprehensive, engaging, and appropriate to the target areas, is culturally diverse, addresses the needs of underserved communities, has the potential to change attitudes and behaviors, is developed based on research and experience in the areas of youth education, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, collects data on changes in participants' attitudes or behavior, is implemented in collaboration with domestic violence and sexual assault experts, and includes an evaluation component;

(2) demonstrates that the proposed policy development process includes consultation and collaboration with experts on violence against women and girls, such as domestic violence shelters, domestic violence programs, State and tribal domestic violence coalitions, State and tribal sexual assault coalitions, and rape crisis centers; and

(3) contains such other information, agreements, and assurances as the Secretary of Education may require.

(e) USE OF FUNDS-

(1) IN GENERAL- A State, local, or tribal school system that receives a grant under subsection (b) may use the grant funds--

(A) to develop and implement educational programs or prevention strategies for students and personnel in elementary schools, middle schools, and secondary schools addressing domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking;

(B) to develop and implement policies to identify students who may be experiencing or witnessing domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking in their lives and to develop and implement policies on reporting and referral procedures for these students;

(C) to develop and implement policies to identify students at risk of becoming victims or perpetrators of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking;

(D) to modify the program materials of the model programs created under section 317 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10417), if appropriate, in order to make the materials applicable to a particular age group; and

(E) to purchase the materials described in subparagraph (D).

(2) CONFIDENTIALITY- Policies and programs developed and implemented under paragraph (1) shall address issues of victim safety and confidentiality that are consistent with applicable State and Federal laws.

(3) OTHER USES OF FUNDS-

(A) GUIDANCE- The Secretary of Education shall disseminate any existing Department of Education policy guidance regarding preventing domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.

(B) STUDY AND REPORT- The Secretary of Education shall study existing policies and programs as well as new policies and programs funded by this section and report to Congress recommendations for implementation of successful policies for referring students to services when they may be witnessing or experiencing domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking. In publishing the report, the Secretary shall ensure the safety and confidentiality of all information concerning the identification of students.

(4) LIMITATION-

(A) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- A school system that receives a grant under subsection (b) for a fiscal year shall use not more

than 5 percent of the grant funds for administrative expenses.

(B) A school system that receives a grant to fulfill a purpose described in subparagraph (A), (D), or (E) of paragraph (1) shall first have in place and include in its application the school policies by which such programs and prevention strategies will be implemented.

(f) PUBLICATION- The Secretary of Education shall publish the availability of grants under subsection (b) through announcement in professional publications for State, local, or tribal school systems described in subsection (a)(2) and through notice in the Federal Register.

(g) TERM- A grant under subsection (b) may be awarded for a period of not more than 3 fiscal years.

(h) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION- In awarding grants under subsection (b), the Secretary of Education shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution to State, local, and tribal school systems throughout the United States.

(i) REQUIREMENTS- In carrying out an educational program under a grant under subsection (b), a State, local, or tribal school system shall--

(1) consult and collaborate with experts on violence against women and girls, such as domestic violence shelters, domestic violence programs, State and tribal domestic violence coalitions, State and tribal sexual assault coalitions, and rape crisis centers;

(2) develop the program, or acquire model program materials if available;

(3) carry out the program with a school's involvement; and

(4) report the results of the program to the Secretary of Education in a format provided by the Secretary.

(j) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the terms `domestic violence', `sexual assault', and `stalking' have the same meaning given those terms by section 2.

(k) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

(A) $2,750,000 for fiscal year 2000;

(B) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

(C) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

(D) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

(E) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

(2) AVAILABILITY- Amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) shall remain available until the earlier of--

(A) the date on which those amounts are expended; or

(B) December 31, 2004.

Subtitle C--Family Safety

SEC. 231. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Family Safety Act'.

SEC. 232. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

(a) FINDINGS- Section 7(a) of the Parental Kidnaping Prevention Act of 1980 (94 Stat. 3568; 28 U.S.C. 1738A note) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (3);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

`(5) existing Federal and State laws are inadequate to protect parents from domestic violence and to protect children from sexual assault and may punish them when they seek to protect themselves; and

`(6) failures of State judicial and child protection systems may result in the inappropriate placement of children in the custody of abusive parents or punishment of nonabusing parents who attempt to protect themselves or their children.'.

(b) CONCLUSION- Section 7(b) of such Act is amended by inserting `to establish standards to prevent children from being returned to abusive parents,' after `with such disputes,'.

(c) PURPOSES- Section 7(c) of such Act is amended--

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively;

(2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:

`(3) promote cooperation between State and tribal courts to protect parents and children from an incident or pattern of domestic violence or sexual assault;

`(4) promote realistic and protective standards for interstate relocation when parents dispute custody, particularly in cases where there is domestic violence or sexual assault;';

(3) in paragraph (7) (as so redesignated), by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: `, consistent with not endangering or inappropriately punishing parents who are victims of domestic violence or children who are victims of sexual assault'; and

(4) in paragraph (8) (as so redesignated), by inserting before the period at the end the following: `or to abuse the child or exert coercive control over the other parent, except when the removal is justifiable in an attempt to protect the parent or any child in the parent's care'.

SEC. 233. DEFENSE TO CRIMINAL CUSTODIAL INTERFERENCE OR PARENTAL ABDUCTION CHARGE.

Section 1073 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `Whoever moves' and inserting `(a) Whoever moves' and by adding at the end the following:

`(b) For any charge of parental abduction, of custodial interference, or of felony criminal contempt of court related to an underlying child custody or visitation determination, that would otherwise provide a basis for prosecution under this section, it shall be a defense to such prosecution that the individual against whom this section is invoked--

`(1) acted pursuant to the provisions of a court order valid when and where issued--

`(A) which granted the defendant legal custody or visitation rights;

`(B) which was obtained in compliance with section 1738A of title 28;

`(C) which is not inconsistent with such section or with the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act as promulgated by the Uniform Law Commissioners; and

`(D) which was in effect at the time the defendant left the State;

`(2) was fleeing an incident or pattern of domestic violence or sexual assault of the child; or

`(3) would otherwise have a defense under the terms of section 1204.

`(c) The Attorney General shall issue guidance to assist the United States Attorneys and the Federal Bureau of Investigation in determining when to decline to initiate or to terminate an investigation or prosecution under subsection (b) due to the potential availability of any defense.'.

SEC. 234. FULL FAITH AND CREDIT GIVEN TO CHILD CUSTODY DETERMINATIONS.

(a) SECTION INTENT- Section 1738A(a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding before the period the following: `, except that no State shall be required to enforce any order obtained in a proceeding which would violate the constitution of the enforcing State if the proceeding were conducted in the enforcing State. This section is intended to preempt any inconsistent State law and to apply to every proceeding in the United States or its territories that is not governed by inconsistent aspects of any treaty to which the United States is a signatory or has ratified that involves custody and visitation concerning a minor child. Any provision of a protection order regarding the custody and visitation of a minor child, whether consensual or not, otherwise consistent with section 2265 of title 18 and with this section shall be given full faith and credit by the courts of any State where the party who sought the order seeks enforcement'.

(b) DEFINITIONS- Section 1738A(b) of such title is amended--

(1) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:

`(2) `child-custody proceeding' means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue, including a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence, in which the issue may appear;';

(2) in paragraph (3)--

(A) by striking `custody determination' and inserting `custody or visitation determination';

(B) by inserting `obtained in the context of a child-custody proceeding and' after `court'; and

(C) by striking `custody of a child' and inserting `legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child';

(3) in paragraph (6), by inserting `or has had physical custody for a period of 6 consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding' after `of a child';

(4) in paragraph (7), by striking `actual possession and control' and inserting `the physical care and supervision';

(5) by striking paragraph (9) and inserting the following:

`(9) `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction;

`(10) `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim;

`(11) `predominant aggressor' means the individual who has been determined to be the principal perpetrator of violence, by factors including--

`(A) history of domestic violence;

`(B) relative severity of the injuries inflicted on each person;

`(C) the likelihood of future injury to each person;

`(D) whether one of the persons acted in self-defense; and

`(E) the degree to which one of the persons has acted with more deliberate intent to control, isolate, intimidate, emotionally demean, or cause severe pain or injury, or fear of harm to the other or a third person'; and

`(12) `stalking' means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family, when the person engaging in such conduct has knowledge or should have knowledge that the specific person will be placed in reasonable fear of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family and when the conduct induces fear in the specific person of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person's immediate family.'.

(c) JURISDICTION REQUIREMENTS- (1) Section 1738A(c)(2)(A)(ii) of such title is amended by striking `because of his removal or retention by a contestant or for other reasons, and a contestant' and inserting `but a parent or person acting as a parent'.

(2) Section 1738A(c)(2)(B)(ii)(I) of such title is amended by striking `contestant,' and inserting `parent or a person acting as a parent,'.

(d) CONDITION FOR CUSTODY DETERMINATION- Section 1738A(c)(2)(C) of such title is amended--

(1) by striking `he' and inserting `the child, or a sibling or parent of the child,'; and

(2) by inserting `, including acts of domestic violence or stalking by the other parent' after `abuse'.

(e) CONTINUING JURISDICTION- Section 1738A(d) of such title is amended by striking `or of any contestant' and inserting `, a parent, or a person acting as a parent, except that after 2 years have passed while a child is living in another State after relocation due to domestic violence, stalking, or sexual assault of the child, the court of the original State shall decline jurisdiction if the courts of the new State would have personal jurisdiction over the other parent under that State's law'.

(f) NOTICE- Section 1738A(e) of such title is amended by striking `the contestants,' and inserting `all persons entitled to notice under the law of the State as in child custody proceedings between residents of the State,'.

(g) MODIFICATIONS- Section 1738A(f)(1) of such title is amended by inserting `or visitation' after `custody'.

(h) CHILD CUSTODY DETERMINATIONS- Section 1738A of such title is amended by striking subsection (h) and by adding at the end the following:

`(h) A court may decline to exercise jurisdiction on behalf of a parent who has engaged in domestic violence as a predominant aggressor, stalking, child sexual assault, or child sexual abuse, if a court of another State has emergency jurisdiction under subsection (c)(2)(C)(ii). A court may decline to exercise jurisdiction on behalf of a parent who has wrongfully taken the child from a State without justification, or engaged in similar unjustifiable conduct, unless no other State would have jurisdiction under any provision of subsection (c). For the purposes of this subsection, justification includes removing the child to another State in an effort to seek safety for the child, or a sibling or parent of the child, from domestic violence or sexual assault.'.

Subtitle D--Domestic Violence and Children

SEC. 241. CHILD CUSTODY, CHILD ABUSE, AND VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

It is the sense of Congress that--

(1) for purposes of determining child custody, it is in the best interest of children to have a presumption that children shall have their main physical residence with their primary caretaker parent unless that parent is unfit;

(2) for purposes of determining child custody, it is not in the best interest of children to--

(A) force parents to share custody over the objection of one or both parents when there is a history of domestic violence;

(B) punish abused or protective parents who protect themselves or their children;

(C) presume that allegations of domestic violence or child sexual assault are likely to be made falsely or for tactical advantage during custody and divorce proceedings; and

(D) make `friendly parent' provisions a factor when there is abuse by one parent against the other or a child;

(3) child abuse and child sexual abuse allegations shall be fully and impartially investigated regardless of when they are raised or whether the child has withdrawn the allegation;

(4) States shall be far more protective of victims of domestic violence and sexual assault in custody and visitation determinations and not order mediation, couples counseling, shared custody, mutual orders of protection, unsupervised visitation, or other measures when they may endanger the other parent or the child; and

(5) States shall provide training in domestic violence and sexual assault, as they impact custody, child support and visitation determinations, to all professionals who interact with children and parents (including judges, attorneys, guardians ad litem and other individuals appointed to represent children, therapists and mental health professionals, custody evaluators, child protective services personnel, and court appointed special advocates).

Subtitle E--Child Welfare Worker Training on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault

SEC. 251. CHILD WELFARE WORKER TRAINING ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT.

(a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subtitle is to encourage States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government to recognize and treat, as part of their ongoing child welfare responsibilities, domestic violence and sexual assault as serious problems threatening the safety and well-being of its child and adult victims.

(b) GRANT AUTHORITY- The Attorney General shall make grants in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to eligible States, Indian tribal governments, or units of local government to enable child welfare service agencies to partner with domestic violence service providers, State or tribal domestic violence or sexual assault coalitions, or other private nonprofit domestic violence or sexual assault organizations that have a documented history of effective work in the domestic violence field and on the impact of domestic violence on children to train staff and modify policies, procedures, programs, and practices so that policies, practices, and services are consistent with the following principles:

(1) They protect the children.

(2) They increase the safety and well-being of the children, including increasing the safety of the nonabusing parents.

(3) They increase the safety of the children by supporting the autonomy and capacity of the adult victims.

(4) They hold perpetrators, not the victims, responsible for stopping the abusive behaviors.

(c) GOALS OF GRANT- The activities under a grant under subsection (b) shall be directed to achieve the following goals:

(1) Recognize the overlap between child abuse, including child sexual abuse, and domestic violence in families, the dynamics of domestic violence, including its intergenerational transmission, the dangers posed to both child and adult victims and the physical, emotional, and developmental impact on children.

(2) Increase collaboration between child welfare service agencies and domestic violence and sexual assault service providers.

(3) Develop and implement policies, procedures, and practice guidelines to--

(A) reflect the principles stated in subsection (b);

(B) identify and assess domestic violence in child protection cases; and

(C) ensure the confidentiality of information on families shared between child welfare service agencies and local domestic violence and sexual assault programs.

(4) Develop appropriate responses in cases of domestic violence, including a safety plan and other appropriate services and interventions that ensure the safety of both the child and adult victims.

(5) Create links between child welfare service agencies, community-based domestic violence and sexual assault programs, rape crisis centers, and other entities addressing the safety, health, mental health, social services, housing, and economic needs of child and adult victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(6) Collect data indicating the number of child protection cases identified as involving domestic violence and the number of such cases that repeatedly return to the child welfare services system.

(d) ELIGIBILITY- Eligible grantees are States, Indian tribal organizations, or units of local government that are partnering with domestic violence service providers, State or tribal domestic violence or sexual assault coalitions, or other private nonprofit domestic violence or sexual assault organizations that have a documented history of effective work in the domestic violence field and on the impact of domestic violence on children, and that jointly submit an application to the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services that include the following:

(1) Outlines the specific activities that will be undertaken to achieve the goals set forth in subsection (c).

(2) Agrees to develop over a 3-year period, in collaboration with other organizations, a range of training resources, policies, procedures, and services for child and adult victims of domestic violence and sexual assault that include at least the following:

(A) Relevant protocols for the screening, intake, assessment, investigation, and followup to reports of abuse and neglect and a procedure and schedule for training child welfare staff about domestic violence and sexual assault and their impact on children and adult victims and the appropriate use of these protocols. The training shall include line staff, supervisors, and administrators, and begin with staff responsible for screening, intake, assessment, and investigation of reports of child abuse and neglect. The training shall be conducted in collaboration with domestic violence and sexual assault experts and staff from community-based domestic violence and sexual assault programs, rape crisis centers, and relevant law enforcement representatives. At a minimum, the protocols and training shall address the following:

(i) Dynamics of domestic violence and its relationship to child abuse, including its intergenerational transmission.

(ii) Screening for domestic violence and sexual assault and assessing danger to the child and adult victims.

(iii) Applicable Federal, State, and local laws pertaining to domestic violence and sexual assault.

(iv) Appropriate interventions for child and adult victims that protect the safety of both and give appropriate consideration to preserving those family members not responsible for the abuse.

(v) Appropriate supervision of staff working with families where there has been domestic violence, including issues regarding worker safety.

(vi) Protecting the safety and confidentiality of the child and adult victims consistent with mandatory child abuse reporting laws.

(B) Community-based networks of services and supports that respond effectively to the comprehensive needs of child and adult victims of domestic violence and sexual assault and include at least the following:

(i) Appropriate referrals to community-based domestic violence and sexual assault programs and rape crisis centers.

(ii) Emergency shelter and transitional housing for abused parents and their children.

(iii) Legal assistance and advocacy for victims, including, when appropriate, assistance in obtaining and entering orders of protection.

(iv) Support and training to assist parents to help their children cope with the impact of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(v) Programs to help children who have witnessed domestic violence.

(vi) Health, mental health, and other necessary supportive services.

(vii) Assistance to obtain necessary economic supports.

(3) Identifies the agencies that will be responsible for carrying out the initiative and includes documentation from community-based domestic violence and sexual assault programs and rape crisis centers that they have been involved in the development of the application and describes their ongoing involvement in the development of the training and modification of policies, procedures, programs, and practices, including their potential roles as subcontractors.

(e) PRIORITY- In awarding grants under subsection (b), the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall give priority to applicants that already have demonstrated a commitment to educate staff of child welfare service agencies and domestic violence and sexual assault programs about the impact of domestic violence on children, the special risks of child abuse and neglect, and appropriate services and interventions for protecting both the child and adult victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(f) EVALUATION, REPORTING, AND DISSEMINATION- Each grantee receiving funds under subsection (b) shall submit annually a report to the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services evaluating the effectiveness of activities developed with the funds provided under subsection (b) and containing such additional information as the Attorney General and the Secretary shall require. In addition, the Attorney General and the Secretary shall within 6 months of the conclusion of the grants distribute to all State child welfare agencies, State and tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, and to the Congress summaries of the activities implemented by the grantees and related initiatives undertaken by the Department of Justice and Department of Health and Human Services to promote attention by child welfare staff and staff of domestic violence and sexual assault agencies to domestic violence and sexual assault and its impact on its child and adult victims.

(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the grant program $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2004. Each eligible grantee shall receive an amount to be determined by the Attorney General and the Secretary, but not less than $250,000 a year.

Subtitle F--Child Abuse Accountability

SEC. 261. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Child Abuse Accountability Act'.

SEC. 262. AMENDMENTS TO TITLE I OF THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974.

(a) CREATION OR ASSIGNMENT OF RIGHTS TO BENEFITS UNDER QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS- Section 206(d)(3)(A) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1056(d)(3)(A)) is amended--

(1) by inserting `or a child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order';

(2) by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'; and

(3) by inserting `or any qualified child abuse order' after `any qualified domestic relations order'.

(b) QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS- Section 206(d)(3)(B) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1056(d)(3)(B)) is amended--

(1) in clause (i), by striking `the term' and inserting `The term', and by striking `, and' at the end and inserting a period;

(2) in clause (ii), by striking `the term' and inserting `The term'; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new clauses:

`(iii) The term `qualified child abuse order' means a child abuse order--

`(I) which creates or recognizes the existence of an alternate payee's right to, or assigns to an alternate payee the right to, receive all or a portion of the benefits payable with respect to a participant under a plan, and

`(II) with respect to which the requirements of subparagraphs (C) and (D) are met.

`(iv) The term `child abuse order' means any court order or other similar process for the enforcement of a judgment rendered against a participant or beneficiary under a plan for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child. For purposes of this clause--

`(I) The term `judgment rendered for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child' means any legal claim perfected through a final enforceable judgment, which claim is based in whole or in part upon the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of a child, whether or not that abuse is accompanied by other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation or gross negligence.

`(II) The term `child' means an individual under 18 years of age.'.

(c) EXEMPTION FROM PREEMPTION- Section 514(b)(7) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1144(b)(7)) is amended by inserting `qualified child abuse orders (within the meaning of section 206(d)(3)(B)(iii))' after `section 206(d)(3)(B)(i)),'.

(d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 206(d)(3) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1056(d)(3)) is amended--

(1) in subparagraph (C), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `A domestic relations order';

(2) in subparagraph (D), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `A domestic relations order';

(3) in subparagraph (E)(i), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `A domestic relations order';

(4) in subparagraph (G)(i), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `any domestic relations order', by striking `domestic relations orders' in subclause (I) and inserting `such an order', and by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' in subclause (II) after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(5) in subparagraph (G)(ii), by inserting `and child abuse orders' after `domestic relations orders', and by inserting `or child abuse order' after `domestic relations order' each place it appears in subclauses (II) and (III);

(6) in subparagraph (H)(i), by inserting `or whether a child abuse order is a qualified child abuse order' after `whether a domestic relations order is a qualified domestic relations order', and by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `to be a qualified domestic relations order';

(7) in subparagraph (H)(ii), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(8) in subparagraph (H)(iii), by inserting `(in the case of a domestic relations order) or a qualified child abuse order (in the case of a child abuse order)' after `a qualified domestic relations order' each place it appears in subclauses (I) and (II);

(9) in subparagraph (H)(iv), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(10) in subparagraph (H)(v), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `the domestic relations order';

(11) in subparagraph (I)(i), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order', and by inserting `or qualified child abuse order, respectively' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(12) in subparagraph (J), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(13) in subparagraph (K), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order'; and

(14) in subparagraph (M), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'.

SEC. 263. AMENDMENTS TO THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986.

(a) CREATION OR ASSIGNMENT OF RIGHTS TO BENEFITS UNDER QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS- Subparagraph (B) of section 401(a)(13) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to assignment of benefits) is amended--

(1) by inserting `OR CHILD ABUSE ORDERS' after `DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDERS' in the heading;

(2) by inserting `or a child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order'; and

(3) by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'.

(b) QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS- Section 414(p) of such Code (defining qualified domestic relations order) is amended--

(1) in the heading, by inserting `AND QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDER' after `ORDER'; and

(2) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:

`(C) QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDER- The term `qualified child abuse order' means a child abuse order--

`(i) which creates or recognizes the existence of an alternate payee's right to, or assigns to an alternate payee the right to, receive all or a portion of the benefits payable with respect to a participant under a plan, and

`(ii) with respect to which the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3) are met.

`(D) CHILD ABUSE ORDER-

`(i) IN GENERAL- The term `child abuse order' means any court order or other similar process for the enforcement of a judgment rendered against a participant or beneficiary under a plan for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.

`(ii) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subparagraph--

`(I) The term `judgment rendered for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child' means any legal claim perfected through a final enforceable judgment, which claim is based in whole or in part upon the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of a child, whether or not that abuse is accompanied by other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation or gross negligence.

`(II) The term `child' means an individual under 18 years of age.'.

(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Subsection (p) of section 414 of such Code is amended--

(1) in paragraph (2), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `A domestic relations order';

(2) in paragraph (3), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `A domestic relations order';

(3) in paragraph (4)(A), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order';

(4) in paragraph (6)(A), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `any domestic relations order', by striking `domestic relations orders' in clause (i) and inserting `such an order', and by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' in clause (ii) after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(5) in paragraph (6)(B), by inserting `and child abuse orders' after `domestic relations orders';

(6) in paragraph (7)(A), by inserting `or whether a child abuse order is a qualified child abuse order' after `whether a domestic relations order is a qualified domestic relations order', and by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `to be a qualified domestic relations order';

(7) in paragraph (7)(B), by inserting `OR QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDER' in the heading after `QUALIFIED DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDER', and by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(8) in paragraph (7)(C), by inserting `(in the case of a domestic relations order) or a qualified child abuse order (in the case of a child abuse order)' after `a qualified domestic relations order' each place it appears in clauses (i) and (ii);

(9) in paragraph (7)(D), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(10) in paragraph (7)(E), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `the domestic relations order';

(11) in paragraph (8), by inserting `or child abuse order' after `a domestic relations order';

(12) in paragraph (9), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order';

(13) in paragraph (10), by inserting `or a qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'; and

(14) in paragraph (11), by inserting `(in the case of a domestic relations order) or a qualified child abuse order (in the case of a child abuse order)' after `pursuant to a qualified domestic relations order', and by inserting `or a child abuse order' after `pursuant to a domestic relations order'.

(d) TAX TREATMENT OF DISTRIBUTIONS PURSUANT TO QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS-

(1) ALTERNATE PAYEE SHALL INCLUDE BENEFITS IN GROSS INCOME- Paragraph (1) of section 402(e) of such Code (relating to alternate payee under qualified domestic relations order treated as distributee) is amended by inserting `or qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order' each place it appears.

(2) ALLOCATION OF INVESTMENT IN THE CONTRACT- Paragraph (10) of section 72(m) of such Code (relating to determination of investment in the contract in the case of qualified domestic relations orders) is amended--

(A) in the heading, by inserting `AND QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDERS' after `QUALIFIED DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDERS'; and

(B) by inserting `or qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'.

(3) CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY OF PARTICIPANT FOR LUMP SUM TREATMENT-

(A) Subparagraph (H) of section 402(d)(4) of such Code (relating to balance to credit of employee not to include amounts payable under qualified domestic relations order) is amended--

(i) in the heading, by inserting `OR QUALIFIED CHILD ABUSE ORDER' after `QUALIFIED DOMESTIC RELATIONS ORDER'; and

(ii) by inserting `or qualified child abuse order' after `a qualified domestic relations order'.

(B) Subparagraph (J) of section 402(d)(4) of such Code is amended by inserting `, or under a qualified child abuse order (within the meaning of section 414(p)) of the balance to the credit of an alternate payee,' after `former spouse of the employee'.

SEC. 264. EFFECTIVE DATE.

The amendments made by this subtitle shall take effect on January 1, 1999, except that, in the case of a child abuse order entered before such date, the plan administrator--

(1) shall treat such order as a qualified child abuse order if such administrator is paying benefits pursuant to such order on such date, and

(2) may treat any other such order entered before such date as a qualified child abuse order even if such order does not meet the requirements of such amendments.

TITLE III--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Rape Prevention Education

SEC. 301. TRANSFER OF RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAM.

Part J of title III of the Public Health Service Act is amended by inserting after section 393A the following new section:

`SEC. 393B. USE OF ALLOTMENTS FOR RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

`(a) GRANTS-

`(1) PERMITTED USE- Notwithstanding section 1904(a)(1), amounts transferred by the State for use under this part shall be used for rape prevention and education programs conducted by rape crisis centers and private nonprofit nongovernmental State and tribal sexual assault coalitions for--

`(A) educational seminars;

`(B) the operation of hotlines;

`(C) training programs for professionals;

`(D) the preparation of informational material; and

`(E) other efforts to increase awareness of the facts about, or to help prevent, sexual assault, including efforts to increase awareness in underserved communities (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) as amended by section 643(c)).

`(2) TERMS-

`(A) POPULATIONS- The Secretary shall make grants under subsection (a) to each State on the basis of the population of the State.

`(B) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- No State may use funds made available by reason of paragraph (1) in any fiscal year for administration of any prevention program other than the rape prevention and education program for which grants are made under paragraph (1).

`(C) AVAILABILITY- Any amount paid to a State for a fiscal year and remaining unobligated at the end of such year shall remain available for the next fiscal year to such State for the purposes for which it was made.

`(D) ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall use not more

than 5 percent of the funds available under paragraph (1) for the purposes of administrative and technical assistance.'.

`(E) TARGETING OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS- States receiving grant moneys under paragraph (1) shall ensure that at least 25 percent of the moneys are devoted to educational programs targeted for middle school, junior high, and high school aged students. The programs targeted under this subsection shall be conducted by rape crisis centers and State and tribal sexual assault coalitions.

`(b) NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER-

`(1) ESTABLISHMENT- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, through the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, establish a National Resource Center on Sexual Assault to provide resource information, policy, training, and technical assistance to Federal, State, and Indian tribal agencies, as well as to State and tribal sexual assault coalitions and local sexual assault programs and to other professionals and interested parties on issues relating to sexual assault. The Resource Center shall maintain a central resource library in order to collect, prepare, analyze, and disseminate information and statistics and analyses thereof relating to the incidence and prevention of sexual assault.

`(2) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS- The Secretary shall award a grant under paragraph (1) to a private nonprofit organization which can--

`(A) demonstrate that it has recognized expertise in the area of sexual assault, a record of high-quality services to victims of sexual assault, including a demonstration of support from advocacy groups, such as State and tribal sexual assault coalitions or recognized national sexual assault groups; and

`(B) demonstrate a commitment to diversity and to the provision of services to underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)).

`(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

`(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

`(A) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

`(B) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

`(C) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

`(D) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

`(E) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

Funds authorized to be appropriated under this section are appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Fund pursuant to section 31001(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211(c)) and paragraph (16) under the definition of `prevention program' in section 31001(d) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 14214(d)).

`(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT COALITIONS- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary shall designate 15 percent of the total amount appropriated to be used for making grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental State sexual assault coalitions to address public health issues associated with sexual assault through training, resource development, or similar research.

`(3) INDIAN COUNTRY- At such time as the appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal sexual assault coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for adult and child victims of sexual assault operating within the boundaries of such Indian country and programs whose primary purpose is serving the population of an Indian reservation, and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of sexual assault intervention and prevention through activities including--

`(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian sexual assault programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault in Indian country;

`(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

`(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for any Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

`(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal systems which affect adult and child

victims of sexual assault in Indian country, including judicial, law enforcement, and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault cases;

`(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing sexual assault in Indian country;

`(F) collaborating with sexual assault coalitions in the areas described above; and

`(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to Indian reservation and tribal organizations under this section.

`(4) SUBSECTION (b) ALLOTMENT- Of the amount appropriated for any fiscal year under this section, at least $1,000,000 shall be made available for grants under subsection (b), with yearly increases of at least 10 percent of the prior year's allotment.

`(d) LIMITATIONS-

`(1) A State may use funds under subsection (a) only so as to supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the level of funds that would be available from non-Federal sources for the activities described in subsection (a), and in no case may such funds be used to supplant funds from other sources.

`(2) A State may not use more than 2 percent of the funds received in each fiscal year under this section for surveillance studies or prevalence studies and funds for such studies shall be available only at such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000.

`(3) A State may not use more than 5 percent of funds received in each fiscal year under subsection (a) for administrative expenses.

`(e) DEFINITIONS-

`(1) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION- For purposes of this section, the term `rape prevention and education' includes education and prevention efforts directed at sexual offenses committed by offenders who are not known to the victim as well as offenders who are known to the victim.

`(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

`(3) RAPE CRISIS CENTER- The term `rape crisis center' means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

`(4) SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAM- The term `sexual assault program' means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

`(5) STATE COALITION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- The term `State coalition of sexual assault programs' means a statewide nonprofit, nongovernmental membership organization of a majority of sexual assault programs within the State that, among other activities, provides training and technical assistance to sexual assault programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority.'.

SEC. 302. RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

(a) REPEAL- Section 1910A of the Public Health and Human Services Act (42 U.S.C. 300w-10) is repealed.

(b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The repeal made by subsection (a) of this section shall take effect the day after the date of enactment of this Act.

Subtitle B--Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Examinations

SEC. 311. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Forensic Examinations Act'.

SEC. 312. STANDARDS, PRACTICE, AND TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT FORENSIC EXAMINATIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General, in conjunction with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall--

(1) evaluate existing standards of training and practice for licensed health care professionals performing sexual assault forensic examinations and develop a national recommended standard for training;

(2) recommend sexual assault forensic examination training for all health care students to improve the recognition of injuries suggestive of rape and sexual assault and baseline knowledge of appropriate referrals in victim treatment and evidence collection; and

(3) review existing national, State, tribal, and local protocols on sexual assault forensic examinations, and based on this review, develop a recommended national protocol and establish a mechanism for its nationwide dissemination.

(b) CONSULTATION- The Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall consult with national, State, tribal, and local experts in the area of rape and sexual assault, including rape crisis centers, State and tribal sexual assault and domestic violence coalitions and programs, and programs for criminal justice, forensic nursing, forensic science, emergency room medicine, law, social services, and sex crimes in underserved communities (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) as amended by section 643(c)).

(c) REPORT- The Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall ensure that no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, a report of the actions taken pursuant to subsection (a) is submitted to Congress.

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $200,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle C--Violence Against Women Training for Health Professions

SEC. 331. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Violence Against Women Training for Health Professions Act'.

SEC. 332. ESTABLISHMENT, FOR CERTAIN HEALTH PROFESSIONS PROGRAMS, OF PROVISIONS REGARDING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT.

Section 791 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 295j) is amended by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d), and by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

`(c) PREFERENCES REGARDING TRAINING IN IDENTIFICATION AND REFERRAL OF VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT-

`(1) IN GENERAL- In the case of a health professions entity specified in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, in making awards of grants or contracts under this title, give preference to any such entity (if otherwise a qualified applicant for the award involved) that has in effect the requirement that, as a condition of receiving a degree or certificate (as applicable) from the entity, each student have had significant training developed in consultation and collaboration with national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions and programs in carrying out the following functions as a provider of health care:

`(A) Universal screening for victims of domestic violence and sexual assault and maintaining complete medical records that include documentation of the examination and treatment given, referrals made, and recording the location and nature of the victim's injuries.

`(B) Examining and treating such victims, within the scope of the health professional's discipline, training, and practice, including, at a minimum, providing medical advice regarding the dynamics and nature of domestic violence and sexual assault.

`(C) Referring the victims to public and nonprofit private entities that provide services for such victims.

`(2) RELEVANT HEALTH PROFESSIONS ENTITIES- For purposes of paragraph (1), a health professions entity specified in this paragraph is any entity that is a school of medicine, a school of osteopathic medicine, a graduate program in mental health practice, a school of nursing (as defined in section 853), a program for the training of physician assistants, or a program for the training of allied health professionals.

`(3) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Training for Health Professions Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate, a report specifying the health professions entities that are receiving preference under paragraph (1); the number of hours of training required by the entities for purposes of such paragraph; the extent of clinical experience so required; and the types of courses through which the training is being provided, including the extent of involvement of nonprofit nongovernmental domestic violence and sexual assault victims services programs in the training.

`(4) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection:

`(A) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

`(B) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.'.

Subtitle D--Prevention of Custodial Sexual Assault by Correctional Staff

SEC. 341. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Prevention of Custodial Sexual Assault by Correctional Staff Act'.

SEC. 342. FINDINGS.

Congress finds the following:

(1) According to an extensive 1996 report by the Women's Rights Project of Human Rights Watch, sexual abuse of women prisoners by correctional officers is a serious problem in our Nation's prisons, jails, and correctional facilities.

(2) Custodial sexual assault of women by correctional officers includes documented incidents of vaginal, oral, and anal rape.

(3) Because correctional officers wield near absolute power over female prisoners, officers may abuse that power to sexually assault and abuse female prisoners, as well as engage in constant groping, harassment, and other abuse.

SEC. 343. ESTABLISHMENT OF PREVENTION PROGRAM.

(a) PROGRAM GUIDELINES-

(1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall establish guidelines for States and disseminate such information to the States regarding the prevention of custodial sexual misconduct by correctional staff.

(2) REQUIREMENTS- Such guidelines shall include requirements that--

(A) prohibit a State department of corrections from hiring correctional staff who have been convicted on criminal charges, or found liable in civil suits, for custodial sexual misconduct; and

(B) each State department of corrections maintain databases, including the names and identifying information of individuals who have been convicted on criminal charges or found liable in civil suits for custodial sexual misconduct, and check these databases prior to hiring any correctional staff.

(3) NATIONAL DATABASE- The information referred to in paragraph (2)(B) shall also be submitted to the Department of Justice where it will be maintained and updated on a national database.

(b) RELEASE OF INFORMATION- The information collected under subsection (a)(2)(B) shall be treated as private data except that--

(1) such information may be disclosed to law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes;

(2) such information may be disclosed to government agencies conducting confidential background checks; and

(3) the designated State law enforcement agency and any local law enforcement agency authorized by the State agency may release relevant information that is necessary to protect prisoners concerning a specific person whose name is included in the database, except that the identity of a victim of an offense that requires information to be maintained under this section shall not be released.

(c) IMMUNITY FOR GOOD FAITH CONDUCT- Law enforcement agencies, employees of law enforcement agencies, and State officials shall be immune from criminal or civil liability for good faith conduct in releasing information under this section.

(d) INELIGIBILITY FOR FUNDS-

(1) IN GENERAL- A State that fails to implement the program as described under this section shall not receive 10 percent of the funds that would otherwise be allocated to the State under subtitle A of title II of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13701).

(2) REALLOCATION- Any funds that are not allocated for failure to comply with this section shall be reallocated to States that comply with this section.

(3) COMPLIANCE DATE- Each State shall have not more than 3 years from the date of enactment of this Act in which to implement this section, except that the Attorney General may grant an additional 2 years to a State that is making good faith efforts to implement this section.

SEC. 344. PROHIBITED SEXUAL CONDUCT BY CORRECTIONAL STAFF.

(a) REDUCTION OF FUNDS- In addition to the reduction of funds under section 343(d)(1), a State that does not have criminal penalties or a State that fails to implement criminal penalties explicitly prohibiting custodial sexual misconduct by correctional staff against prisoners shall not receive 10 percent of the funds that would otherwise be allocated to the State under subtitle A of title II of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13701).

(b) REALLOCATION- Any funds that are not allocated for failure to comply with this section shall be reallocated to States that comply with this section.

(c) COMPLIANCE DATE- Each State shall have not more than 3 years from the date of enactment of this Act in which to implement this section, except that the Attorney General may grant an additional 2 years to a State that is making good faith efforts to implement this section.

SEC. 345. NATIONAL SEXUAL CONTACT HOTLINE FOR PRISONERS.

(a) IN GENERAL- Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall create a national, confidential, toll-free telephone hotline to collect data and to provide information and assistance to prisoners who have experienced custodial sexual misconduct by corrections staff.

(b) ACTIVITIES- Funds authorized under this section shall be utilized to establish and operate a national, confidential, toll-free sexual contact hotline. Such funds shall be used for activities, including--

(1) contracting with a carrier for the use of a toll-free telephone line;

(2) employing, training, and supervising personnel to answer incoming calls and provide counseling and referral services to callers;

(3) assembling, maintaining, and continually updating a database of information and resources to

which callers may be referred throughout the United States;

(4) publicizing the hotline to prisoners throughout the United States; and

(5) tracking of the number of reports, including the name and location of the individual reporting the offender, and incidents.

(c) REPORTING OF INFORMATION- Information regarding the number of reports and the status of those reports shall be included in the Attorney General's annual report to Congress.

(d) PROCESSING REPORTS- Reports may be referred to the criminal section of the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice for investigation or for referral to the appropriate State agency for investigation.

(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $300,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $100,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.

SEC. 346. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) CORRECTIONAL STAFF- The term `correctional staff' means any employee, contractual employee, volunteer, or agent of a correctional department who is working in any contact position with any prisoners under the jurisdiction of that department.

(2) CUSTODIAL SEXUAL MISCONDUCT- The term `custodial sexual misconduct' means any physical contact, directly or through the clothing, with the sexual or intimate parts of a person for the purpose of sexual gratification of either party, when the--

(A) parties involved are a person in custody of a correctional department and a member of the correctional staff; or

(B) contact occurs under circumstances of coercion, duress, or threat of force by a member of the correctional staff.

Subtitle E--Hate Crimes Prevention

SEC. 351. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 1999'.

SEC. 352. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that--

(1) the incidence of violence motivated by the actual or perceived race, color, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender, or disability of the victim poses a serious national problem;

(2) such violence disrupts the tranquility and safety of communities and is deeply divisive;

(3) existing Federal law is inadequate to address this problem;

(4) such violence affects interstate commerce in many ways, including--

(A) impeding the movement of members of targeted groups and forcing such members to move across State lines to escape the incidence or risk of such violence; and

(B) preventing members of targeted groups from purchasing goods and services, obtaining or sustaining employment, or participating in other commercial activity;

(5) perpetrators cross State lines to commit such violence;

(6) instrumentalities of interstate commerce are used to facilitate the commission of such violence;

(7) such violence is committed using articles that have traveled in interstate commerce;

(8) violence motivated by bias that is a relic of slavery can constitute badges and incidents of slavery;

(9) although many local jurisdictions have attempted to respond to the challenges posed by such violence, the problem is sufficiently serious, widespread, and interstate in scope to warrant Federal intervention to assist such jurisdictions; and

(10) many States have no laws addressing violence based on the actual or perceived race, color, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender, or disability, of the victim, while other States have laws that provide only limited protection.

SEC. 353. DEFINITION OF HATE CRIME.

In this Act, the term `hate crime' has the same meaning as given such term by section 280003(a) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (28 U.S.C. 994 note).

SEC. 354. PROHIBITION OF CERTAIN ACTS OF VIOLENCE.

Section 245 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and

(2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

`(c)(1) Whoever, whether or not acting under color of law, willfully causes bodily injury to any person or, through the use of fire, a firearm, or an explosive device or attempts to cause bodily injury to any person, because of the actual or perceived race, color, religion, or national origin of any person--

`(A) shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, or fined in accordance with this title, or both; or

`(B) shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or fined in accordance with this title, or both if--

`(i) death results from the acts committed in violation of this paragraph; or

`(ii) the acts committed in violation of this paragraph include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill.

`(2)(A) Whoever, whether or not acting under color of law, in any circumstance described in subparagraph (B), willfully causes bodily injury to any person or, through the use of fire, a firearm, or an explosive device, attempts to cause bodily injury to any person, because of the actual or perceived religion, gender, sexual orientation, or disability of any person--

`(i) shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, or fined in accordance with this title, or both; or

`(ii) shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or fined in accordance with this title, or both, if--

`(I) death results from the acts committed in violation of this paragraph; or

`(II) the acts committed in violation of this paragraph include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill.

`(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the circumstances described in this subparagraph are that--

`(i) in connection with the offense, the defendant or the victim travels in interstate or foreign commerce, uses a facility or instrumentality of interstate or foreign commerce, or engages in any activity affecting interstate or foreign commerce; or

`(ii) the offense is in or affects interstate or foreign commerce.'.

SEC. 355. DUTIES OF FEDERAL SENTENCING COMMISSION.

(a) AMENDMENT OF FEDERAL SENTENCING GUIDELINES- Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall study the issue of adult recruitment of juveniles to commit hate crimes and shall, if appropriate, amend the Federal sentencing guidelines to provide sentencing enhancements (in addition to the sentencing enhancement provided for the use of a minor during the commission of an offense) for adult defendants who recruit juveniles to assist in the commission of hate crimes.

(b) CONSISTENCY WITH OTHER GUIDELINES- In carrying out this section, the United States Sentencing Commission shall--

(1) ensure that there is reasonable consistency with other Federal sentencing guidelines; and

(2) avoid duplicative punishments for substantially the same offense.

SEC. 356. GRANT PROGRAM.

(a) AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS- The Attorney General, acting through the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the Department of Justice shall make grants, in accordance with such regulations as the Attorney General may prescribe, to State and local programs designed to combat hate crimes committed by juveniles.

(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 357. AUTHORIZATION FOR ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL TO ASSIST STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT.

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of the Treasury and the Department of Justice, including the Community Relations Service, for fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004 such sums as are necessary to increase the number of personnel to prevent and respond to alleged violations of section 245 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 354.

Subtitle F--Rescheduling and Classification of Date-Rape Drugs

SEC. 361. RECLASSIFICATION OF DATE-RAPE DRUG.

Notwithstanding section 201 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 811) respecting the scheduling of controlled substances, the Attorney General shall, by order, transfer flunitrazepam from schedule IV of such Act to schedule I of such Act.

SEC. 362. CLASSIFICATION OF DATE-RAPE DRUGS.

Notwithstanding section 201 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 811) respecting the scheduling of controlled substances, the Attorney General shall, by order, add ketamine to schedule III of such Act and shall, by order, add Gamma Hydroxy Butyric Acid to schedule I of such Act.

Subtitle G--Access to Safety and Advocacy for Victims of Sexual Assault

SEC. 371. PURPOSE.

The purpose of this subtitle is to enhance safety and justice for victims of sexual violence in every State, jurisdiction under military or Federal control, tribal land, territory, or commonwealth through access to the justice system and improved legal advocacy and representation.

SEC. 372. GRANTS TO IMPROVE ACCESS TO THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

(a) ELIGIBLE GRANTEES- Eligible grantees for grants under subsection (c) are--

(1) sexual assault programs;

(2) State, tribal, and local bar associations;

(3) law school clinical programs;

(4) nonprofit legal services;

(5) court-based pro se programs;

(6) bar association or sexual assault legal information and referral services or hotlines;

(7) State and tribal coalitions of sexual assault programs; and

(8) tribes and tribal organizations.

(b) ELIGIBLE SERVICES- Activities funded under this subtitle shall be designed to further the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault through legal assistance and advocacy for victims of sexual assault in civil, criminal, and administrative actions. Activities funded under this subtitle shall include legal assistance and advocacy on behalf of (1) low-income and indigent persons, or (2) persons who have inadequate access to sufficient financial resources to secure appropriate legal assistance.

(c) GRANT AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make grants for the following purposes:

(1) To improve the availability and quality of legal assistance and advocacy to adult and child victims of sexual assault through efforts directed at stopping the violence, and enhancing the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(2) To encourage the development of partnerships between sexual assault programs and the full spectrum of legal representation and advocacy programs, including legal services programs, bar associations, legal hotlines, and law school programs.

(3) To increase participation of the private bar in pro bono or low-cost representation or assistance to adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(4) To improve judicial and administrative handling of pro se cases involving adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(5) To improve the availability and quality of legal representation through education and training programs on sexual assault in law schools and continuing professional education programs, including development and distribution of education materials and practice manuals.

SEC. 373. APPLICATION.

To be eligible for a grant under section 372(c) an applicant shall--

(1) for entities described in paragraphs (2) through (6) of section 372(a), include documentation of an ongoing partnership and working relationship with a local or tribal sexual assault program or State or tribal sexual assault coalition;

(2) demonstrate a history of providing direct legal or advocacy services in a manner that is accountable to the community served;

(3) certify that--

(A) any person providing legal assistance through a program funded under a grant under section 372(c) has completed training on sexual assault law and practice;

(B) any training programs conducted in satisfaction of the requirement of subparagraph (A) be developed with input from and in collaboration with a local or tribal sexual assault program or State or tribal sexual assault coalition;

(C) the grantee's organizational policies do not require or encourage mediation or counseling involving offenders and victims, in cases where adult or child sexual assault is an issue; and

(D) any person providing legal assistance through a program funded under a grant under section 372(c) has informed the State or tribal sexual assault coalition of their work and participates in any statewide networking among legal assistance providers to victims of sexual assault.

SEC. 374. FUNDING.

(a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Of the total amounts appropriated under subsection (b) in any fiscal year--

(1) at least 45 percent shall be allocated to projects that provide direct representation to adult and child victims of sexual assault through staff, volunteers, or partnerships in actions undertaken to achieve or preserve the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault;

(2) at least 5 percent shall be used for grants to tribes and tribal organizations, including tribal courts and tribal bar associations and use of such funds for grants to tribes and tribal organizations shall in no way preclude tribes and tribal organizations from receiving additional grants for direct representation, technical assistance, or any other eligible purpose under this subtitle;

(3) no more than 25 percent shall be awarded to technical assistance and training initiatives; and

(4) no more than 5 percent shall be utilized for the costs of administration.

Grant funds not obligated at the end of the grant period will be redistributed in the following fiscal year to grantees eligible for grants under section 372.

(b) FUNDING LEVELS- Funding for grants under section 372 shall be authorized at the following levels:

(1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

(2) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2001.

(3) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2002.

(4) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

(5) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

(c) TERMS-

(1) Federal funds under a grant under section 372 shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal and non-Federal funds that would be available for expenditure on activities described in section 372. Moneys disbursed under a grant under section 372 shall be used to fund new projects or to expand or enhance existing projects.

(2) Activities funded under a grant under section 372 shall be conducted pursuant to any applicable Federal, State, tribal, or local law governing discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, or disability. Entities funded under a grant under section 372 shall not be restricted from providing services because of the immigration status or sexual orientation of the person seeking services.

SEC. 375. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdictions or tribal jurisdictions of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAM- The term `sexual assault program' means a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization, the primary purpose of which is to provide advocacy on behalf of and comprehensive services to victims of sexual assault including, but not limited to, some combination of the following: crisis hotlines; counseling; systems advocacy; transportation; safety planning; information; and referrals to legal assistance.

(3) LAW SCHOOL PROGRAM- The term `law school program' means an internship, externship, clinic, or other legal representation program or initiative located at an accredited school of law which has as its primary purpose the provision of legal representation, information, or assistance to victims of sexual assault directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(4) LEGAL ASSISTANCE- The term `legal assistance' includes--

(A) direct representation of and assistance to victims of sexual assault from intake through adjudication, enforcement and appeal, in any civil, criminal, or administrative actions which are directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault; and

(B) legal advocacy, including issue identification, safety planning, evaluating options, policy analysis, representation enhancement, outreach activities, accompaniment, information, directories and referral, monitoring civil, criminal, and administrative proceedings, and coordination among legal, social, and health care systems, offered by personnel of sexual assault programs, which are directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(5) NONPROFIT DIRECT LEGAL SERVICES- The term `nonprofit direct legal services' means a nonprofit, nongovernmental legal organization which has as its primary purpose the provision of legal assistance to persons on a no-cost, sliding scale, deferred payment, or fixed fee basis on civil, criminal, or administrative matters and which provides specialized representation to adult and child victims of sexual assault directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(6) PRO BONO PROGRAM- The term `pro bono program' means a program affiliated with a State, tribal, or local court, bar association, nonprofit direct legal services organization, or sexual assault program that offers no-cost representation, legal educational programs, or information and referral services to victims of adult and child sexual assault directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(7) PRO SE PROGRAM- The term `pro se program' means a program based in the State, tribal, or local courts, in nonprofit direct legal services organizations, or in sexual assault programs to assist adult and child victims of sexual assault--

(A) in preparing and filing court pleadings, forms, memos, proposed orders, and related documents in effecting service and in representation of themselves in any civil, criminal, or administrative matters or proceedings directed at improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault;

(B) in developing comprehensive safety plans; and

(C) by providing other information and referral services.

(8) STATE, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL BAR ASSOCIATION- The term `State, tribal, and local bar association' means a State, tribal, or local association of attorneys of a specified geographic area whose members are licensed to practice in the jurisdiction and that offers information, referral, or pro bono legal services to adult and child victims of sexual assault related to improving the health, confidentiality, safety, and economic needs of adult and child victims of sexual assault.

(9) TRIBAL ORGANIZATION- The term `tribal organization' means a tribally chartered organization or a nonprofit organization operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation whose governing body reflects the population served.

(10) STATE COALITION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- The term `State coalition of sexual assault programs' means a statewide, nonprofit, nongovernmental membership organization of a majority of sexual assault programs within a State, that among other activities, provides training and technical assistance to sexual assault programs within a State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority.

TITLE IV--DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Victims' Housing

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Victims' Housing Act'.

SEC. 402. FINDINGS.

Congress finds as follows:

(1) Housing can prevent domestic violence and mitigate its effects. The connection between domestic violence and housing is overwhelming. Of all homeless women and children, 50 percent are fleeing domestic violence.

(2) Among cities surveyed, 44 percent identified domestic violence as a primary cause of homelessness.

(3) Women's poverty levels aggravate the problems of homelessness and domestic violence. Two out

of three poor adults are women. Female-headed households are six times poorer than male-headed households. In 1996, of the 7,700,000 poor families in the country, 4,100,000 of them were single female-headed households. In addition, 5,100,000 poor women who are not in families are poor.

(4) Almost 50 percent of the women who receive Temporary Assistance to Needy Families funds cite domestic violence as a factor in the need for assistance.

(5) Many women who flee violence are forced to return to their abusers because of inadequate shelter or lack of money. Even if they leave their abusers to go to a shelter, they often return home because the isolation from familiar surroundings, friends, and neighborhood resources makes them feel even more vulnerable. Shelters and transitional housing facilities are often located far from a domestic violence victim's neighborhood. While this placement may be deliberate to protect domestic violence victims from their abusers, it can also be intimidating and alienating for a woman to leave her home, community, cultural support system, and all that she knows for shelter way across town. Thus, women of color and immigrant women are less likely to become shelter residents.

(6) Women who do leave their abusers lack emergency shelter options. The overall number of emergency shelter beds for homeless people is estimated to have decreased by an average of 3 percent in 1997 while requests for shelter increased on the average by 3 percent. Emergency shelters struggle to meet the increased need for services with about 32 percent of the requests for shelter by homeless families going unmet. In fact 88 percent of cities reported having to turn away homeless families from emergency shelters due to inadequate resources for services.

(7) Battered women and their children comprise an increasing proportion of the emergency shelter population. Many emergency shelters have strict time limits that require women to find alternative housing immediately forcing them to separate from their children.

(8) A stable, sustainable home base is crucial for women who have left situations of domestic violence and are learning new job skills, participating in educational programs, working full-time jobs, or searching for adequate child care in order to gain self-sufficiency. Transitional housing resources and services provide a continuum between emergency shelter provision and independent living.

SEC. 403. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

For purposes of section 404, the authorization of appropriations under section 429(a) of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11389(a)) shall be increased by $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and by such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

SEC. 404. USE OF AMOUNTS FOR HOUSING ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, STALKING, OR ADULT OR CHILD SEXUAL ASSAULT.

(a) IN GENERAL- The additional amounts to be made available by section 403 under section 429 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11389) shall be made available by the Secretary only to qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations (as such term is defined in section 406) only for the purpose of providing supportive housing (as such term is referred to in subchapter IV of part C of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11384)) and tenant-based rental assistance, financial assistance for security deposit, first month's rent, or ongoing rental assistance on behalf of individuals or families victimized by domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault (as such terms are defined in section 405) who have left or are leaving a residence as a result of the domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault. Each recipient shall be required to supplement the assistance provided under this subsection with a 25 percent match of funds for supportive services (as such term is referred to in subchapter IV of part C of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11385)) from sources other than this subsection. Each recipient shall certify to the Secretary its compliance with this subsection and shall include with the certification a description of the sources and amounts of such supplemental funds.

(b) DETERMINATION- For purposes of subsection (a), an individual or a family victimized by domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault shall be considered to have left or to be leaving a residence as a result of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault if the qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization providing support, including tenant-based rental assistance, financial assistance for security deposit, first month's rent, or ongoing rental assistance under subsection (a) determines that the individual or member of the family who was a victim of the domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault reasonably believes that relocation from such residence will assist in avoiding future domestic violence,

stalking, or adult or child sexual assault against such individual or another member of the family.

(c) ALLOCATION- Amounts made available pursuant to subsection (a) shall be allocated by the Secretary on the basis of a national competition among the qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations that submit applications to the Secretary that best demonstrate a need for such assistance, including the extent of service provided to underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)) and the ability to undertake and carry out a program under subsection (a), as the Secretary shall determine. Of the total funds appropriated under section 403 in any of the enumerated fiscal years, at least 5 percent shall be used for grants to Indian tribes or Indian tribal organizations that provide emergency shelter, transitional housing, or permanent housing or supportive services to individuals or families victimized by domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault and Indian tribes or Indian tribal organizations which receive such grants may apply for and receive other grants from the total funds appropriated under this subtitle. All other grants awarded shall go to qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations. If, at the end of the 6th month of any fiscal year for which sums are appropriated under section 403, the amount appropriated has not been made available to a qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization under subsection (a) for purposes outlined therein, the Secretary shall reallot such amount to qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations that are eligible for funding under subchapter IV of part C of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11381-11389). Funds made available by the Secretary through reallotment under the preceding sentence shall remain available for expenditure until the end of the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which such funds become available for reallotment.

SEC. 405. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence or extreme cruelty (as such term is referred to in section 216 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1186a)), not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim has a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

(2) FAMILY VICTIMIZED BY DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, STALKING, OR ADULT OR CHILD SEXUAL ASSAULT-

(A) IN GENERAL- The term `family victimized by domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault' means a family or household that includes an individual who has been determined under subparagraph (B) to have been a victim of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault, but does not include any individual described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) who committed the domestic violence, sexual assault, or adult or child sexual assault. The term includes any such family or household in which only a minor or minors are the individual or individuals who was or were a victim of domestic violence, stalking, or sexual assault only if such family or household also includes a parent, stepparent, legal guardian, or other responsible caretaker for the child.

(B) DETERMINATION THAT FAMILY OR INDIVIDUAL WAS A VICTIM OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, STALKING, OR ADULT OR CHILD SEXUAL ASSAULT- For purposes of subparagraph (A), a determination under this subparagraph is a determination that domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault has been committed, which is made by any agency or official of a State, Indian tribe, tribal organization, or unit of general local government based upon--

(i) information provided by any medical, legal, counseling, or other clinic, shelter, sexual assault program or other program or entity licensed, recognized, or authorized by the State, Indian tribe, tribal organization, or unit of general local government to provide services to victims of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault;

(ii) information provided by any agency of the State, Indian tribe, tribal organization, unit of general local government, or qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that provides or administers the provision of social, medical, legal, or health services;

(iii) information provided by any clergy;

(iv) information provided by any hospital, clinic, medical facility, or doctor licensed or authorized by the State, Indian tribe, tribal organization, or unit of general local government to provide medical services;

(v) a petition, application, or complaint filed in any State, Federal, or tribal court or administrative agency, documents or records of action or decision of any court, law enforcement agency, or administrative agency, including any record of any protective order, injunction, or temporary or final order issued by civil or criminal courts, any self-petition or any police report; or

(vi) any other reliable evidence that domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault has occurred.

A victim's statement that domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault has occurred shall be sufficient unless the agency has an independent, reasonable basis to find the individual not credible.

(3) INDIAN TRIBE- The term `Indian Tribe' shall have the same meaning given the term in section 2002(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(3)).

(4) QUALIFIED, NONPROFIT, NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION- The term `qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization' means a private organization that--

(A) is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide emergency shelter, transitional housing, or permanent housing for victims of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault or is a medical, legal, counseling, social, psychological, health, job training, educational, life skills development, or other clinical services program for victims of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault that undertakes a collaborative project with a qualified, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that primarily provides emergency shelter, transitional housing, or permanent housing for low-income people;

(B) is organized under State, tribal, or local laws;

(C) has no part of its net earnings inuring to the benefit of any member, shareholder, founder, contributor, or individual;

(D) is approved by the Secretary as to financial responsibility; and

(E) demonstrates experience in providing services to victims of domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault.

(5) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(6) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, on an Indian reservation, or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victims and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victims or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

(7) STALKING- The term `stalking' means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to himself or herself or a member of his or her immediate family, when the person engaging in such conduct has knowledge or should have knowledge that the specific person will be placed in reasonable fear of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to himself or herself or a member of his or her immediate family and when the conduct induces fear in the specific person of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to himself or herself or a member of his or her immediate family.

(8) STATE- The term `State' means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and any other territory or possession of the United States.

(9) TRANSITIONAL HOUSING- The term `transitional housing' includes short-term housing and is given the meaning of subchapter IV, part C of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11384(b)).

(10) TRIBAL ORGANIZATION- The term `tribal organization' means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental, or tribally chartered organization--

(A) whose primary purpose is to provide emergency shelter, transitional housing, or permanent housing or supportive services to individuals or families victimized by domestic violence, stalking, or adult or child sexual assault;

(B) that operates within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation; and

(C) whose board of directors reflects the population served.

(11) UNIT OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT- The term `unit of general local government' has the meaning given the term in section 102(a) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5302(a)).

Subtitle B--Full Faith and Credit for Protection Orders

SEC. 411. FULL FAITH AND CREDIT FOR PROTECTION ORDERS.

(a) Subsection 2265(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by inserting `(1)' before `Any'; and

(2) by adding after paragraph (1) the following:

`(2) For purposes of enforcement, a tribal court may exercise civil and criminal jurisdiction over any person, Indian or non-Indian, who violates a protection order within the tribal court's jurisdiction, if the exercise of jurisdiction comports with the Indian Civil Rights Act (25 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.). The exercise of criminal jurisdiction under this paragraph is subject to Federal court habeas corpus review under section 203 of such Act after tribal court remedies are exhausted.

`(3) For purposes of Federal, State, and tribal law enforcement, a protection order issued by any Federal, State, or tribal court shall be presumed valid upon its face.'.

(b) Subsection 2265(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by inserting `(1)' before `A'; and

(2) by adding after paragraph (1) the following:

`(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), a Federal, State, or tribal court may not refuse to enforce a tribal court order on the grounds that the tribal court lacks jurisdiction over the defendant because of the defendant's status as a non-Indian or nonmember Indian.'.

(c) Section 2265 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(d) REGISTRATION- Nothing in this section shall require prior filing or registration of a protection order in the enforcing State or tribal government in order to secure enforcement pursuant to subsection (a). Nothing in this section shall permit an enforcing State or tribal government to notify the party against whom the order has been made that a protection order has been registered or filed in that State or tribal government.

`(e) NOTICE- Nothing in this section shall require notification of the party against whom the order was made in order to secure enforcement by a law enforcement officer pursuant to subsection (a).'.

(d) Section 2266 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by inserting `issued pursuant to State or tribal divorce and child custody codes' after `custody orders'; and

(2) by adding `Custody and visitation provisions in protection orders are subject to the mandates of this chapter.' after `seeking protection.'.

(e) Section 2265 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by subsection (c), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(f) COMPLIANCE WITH FULL FAITH AND CREDIT- Within 180 days of the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, the Attorney General shall issue regulations to determine whether a State is in compliance with subsections (a), (b), and (c), taking into account the following factors:

`(1) The State's documented good faith efforts to ensure compliance by judicial, law enforcement, and other State officials, including the extent and nature of any training programs, outreach, and other activities.

`(2) The degree to which any case of noncompliance by a State official represents an isolated incident, rather than a pattern of nonenforcement.

`(3) Any barriers to compliance presented by outdated technology, recordkeeping problems, or similar issues, and the State's documented good faith efforts to remove those barriers.

`(g) FORMULA GRANT REDUCTION FOR NONCOMPLIANCE-

`(1) PENALTY- Until such time as the State out of compliance is deemed by the Attorney General to comply with the requirements of subsections (a), (b), and (c), the Attorney General shall reduce by 10 percent the amount a State would receive under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.

`(2) GRACE PERIOD- The funding penalty assessed against a noncompliant State will be held for a period of 6 months after the beginning of the fiscal year. If during that time the State complies with subsections (a), (b), and (c), the funding will be released to the newly compliant State. Any funding not released at the end of the 6-month grace period shall be redistributed to other participating States that comply with subsections (a), (b), and (c).

`(3) EFFECTIVE DATE- The Attorney General may begin to reduce funds described in paragraph (1) on the first day of each fiscal year succeeding the third fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this subsection.'.

(f) Section 501(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3751(b)) is amended by renumbering paragraphs (19) through (26) as paragraphs (20) through (27), respectively, and inserting after paragraph (18) the following:

`(19) developing and implementing policies and guidelines and establishing collaborative relationships with adjoining States, including memorandums of understanding, to enable compliance with section

2265 of title 18, United States Code, and effectively addressing educational, training, technology, and process barriers to compliance;'.

SEC. 412. GRANT PROGRAM.

(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may provide grants to assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and recordkeeping strategies to assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government to enforce protective orders issued by other States, Indian tribal governments, or units of local government.

(b) USES OF FUNDS-

(1) IN GENERAL- Grants under this section shall provide training and enhanced technology compatible with existing law enforcement systems including the National Crime Information Center to enforce protection orders.

(2) USES OF FUNDS- Funds received under this section may be used to train law enforcement, prosecutors, court personnel, victim service providers, and others responsible for the enforcement of protection orders, and to develop, install, or expand data collection and communication systems, including computerized systems, linking police, prosecutors, and courts for the purpose of identifying and tracking protection orders and violations of protection orders and training.

(3) GRANTS TO TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS- At least 50 percent of the amounts appropriated under subsection (c) for the purposes of this section shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.

(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.

Subtitle C--Victims of Abuse Insurance Protection

SEC. 421. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Victims of Abuse Insurance Protection Act'.

SEC. 422. DEFINITIONS.

As used in this subtitle:

(1) ABUSE- The term `abuse' means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts by a current or former household or family member, intimate partner, or caretaker:

(A) Attempting to cause or causing another person bodily injury, physical harm, substantial emotional distress, psychological trauma, rape, sexual assault, or involuntary sexual intercourse.

(B) Engaging in a course of conduct or repeatedly committing acts toward another person, including following the person without proper authority and under circumstances that place the person in reasonable fear of bodily injury or physical harm.

(C) Subjecting another person to false imprisonment or kidnapping.

(D) Attempting to cause or causing damage to property so as to intimidate or attempt to control the behavior of another person.

(2) ABUSE-RELATED CLAIM- The term `abuse-related claim' means a claim arising in whole or in part out of an act or pattern of abuse.

(3) ABUSE-RELATED MEDICAL CONDITION- The term `abuse-related medical condition' means a medical condition which arises in whole or in part out of an action or pattern of abuse.

(4) ABUSE STATUS- The term `abuse status' means the fact or perception that a person is, has been, or may be a subject of abuse, irrespective of whether the person has sustained abuse-related medical conditions or has incurred abuse-related claims.

(5) HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN- The term `health benefit plan' means any public or private entity or program that provides for payments for health care, including--

(A) a group health plan (as defined in section 607 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1167)) or a multiple employer welfare arrangement (as defined in section 3(40) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 1102(40)) that provides health benefits;

(B) any other health insurance arrangement, including any arrangement consisting of a hospital or medical expense incurred policy or certificate, hospital or medical service plan contract, or health maintenance organization subscriber contract;

(C) workers' compensation or similar insurance to the extent that it relates to workers' compensation medical benefits (as defined by the Federal Trade Commission); and

(D) automobile medical insurance to the extent that it relates to medical benefits (as defined by the Federal Trade Commission).

(6) HEALTH CARRIER- The term `health carrier' means a person that contracts or offers to contract on a risk-assuming basis to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for or reimburse, any of the cost of health care services, including a sickness and accident insurance company, a health maintenance organization, a nonprofit hospital and health service corporation, or any other entity providing a plan of health insurance, health benefits or health services.

(7) INSURED- The term `insured' means a party named on a policy, certificate, or health benefit plan, including an individual, corporation, partnership, association, unincorporated organization, or any similar entity, as the person with legal rights to the benefits provided by the policy, certificate, or health benefit plan. For group insurance, such term includes a person who is a beneficiary covered by a group policy, certificate, or health benefit plan. For life insurance, the term refers to the person whose life is covered under an insurance policy.

(8) INSURER- The term `insurer' means any person, reciprocal exchange, interinsurer, Lloyds insurer, fraternal benefit society, or other legal entity engaged in the business of insurance, including agents, brokers, adjusters, and third party administrators. The term also includes health carriers,

health benefit plans, and life, disability, and property and casualty insurers.

(9) POLICY- The term `policy' means a contract of insurance, certificate, indemnity, suretyship, or annuity issued, proposed for issuance, or intended for issuance by an insurer, including endorsements or riders to an insurance policy or contract.

(10) SUBJECT OF ABUSE- The term `subject of abuse' means a person against whom an act of abuse has been directed, a person who has prior or current injuries, illnesses, or disorders that resulted from abuse, or a person who seeks, may have sought, or had reason to seek medical or psychological treatment for abuse, protection, court-ordered protection, or shelter from abuse.

SEC. 423. DISCRIMINATORY ACTS PROHIBITED.

(a) IN GENERAL- No insurer may, directly or indirectly, engage in any of the following acts or practices on the basis that the applicant or insured or any person employed by the applicant or insured or with whom the applicant or insured is known to have a relationship or association is, has been, or may be the subject of abuse or has incurred or may incur abuse-related claims:

(1) Denying, refusing to issue, renew or reissue, or canceling or otherwise terminating an insurance policy or health benefit plan.

(2) Restricting, excluding, or limiting insurance coverage for losses or denying a claim, except as otherwise permitted or required by State laws relating to life insurance beneficiaries.

(3) Adding a premium differential to any insurance policy or health benefit plan.

(b) INNOCENT INSURED- No insurer may, directly or indirectly, deny or limit payment of a claim incurred by an innocent insured as a result of abuse.

(c) TERMINATION OF HEALTH COVERAGE- No insurer or health carrier may terminate health coverage for a subject of abuse because coverage was originally issued in the name of the abuser and the abuser has divorced, separated from, or lost custody of the subject of abuse or the abuser's coverage has terminated voluntarily or involuntarily and the subject of abuse does not qualify for extension of coverage under part 6 of subtitle B of title I or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1161 et seq.) or section 4980B of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Nothing in this subsection prohibits the insurer from requiring the subject of abuse to pay the full premium for the subject's coverage under the health plan if the requirements are applied to all insureds of the health carrier. The insurer may terminate group coverage after the continuation coverage required by this subsection has been in force for 18 months if it offers conversion to an equivalent individual plan. The continuation of health coverage required by this subsection shall be satisfied by any extension of coverage under part 6 of subtitle B of title I or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1161 et seq.) or section 4980B of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 provided to a subject of abuse and is not intended to be in addition to any extension of coverage provided under part 6 of subtitle B of title I or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1161 et seq.) or section 4980B of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(d) USE OF INFORMATION-

(1) INFORMATION RESTRICTION- In order to protect the safety and privacy of subjects of abuse, no person employed by or contracting with an insurer or health benefit plan may use, disclose, or transfer information relating to abuse status, acts of abuse, abuse-related medical conditions, or the applicant's or insured's status as a family member of, employer of, associate of, or person in a relationship with, a subject of abuse for any purpose unrelated to the direct provision of health care services unless such use, disclosure, or transfer is required by an order of an entity with authority to regulate insurance or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. In addition, such a person may not disclose or transfer information relating to an applicant's or insured's location or telephone number or the location and telephone number of a shelter for subjects of abuse except where such disclosure or transfer is required in order to provide insurance coverage and such disclosure or transfer does not have the potential to endanger the safety of a subject of abuse. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as limiting or precluding a subject of abuse from obtaining the subject's own insurance records from an insurer.

(2) AUTHORITY OF SUBJECT OF ABUSE- A subject of abuse, at the absolute discretion of the subject of abuse, may provide evidence of abuse to an insurer for the limited purpose of facilitating treatment of an abuse-related medical condition or demonstrating that a medical condition is abuse-related. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as authorizing an insurer or health carrier to disregard such provided evidence.

SEC. 424. INSURANCE PROTOCOLS FOR SUBJECTS OF ABUSE.

Insurers shall develop and adhere to written policies specifying procedures to be followed by employees, contractors, producers, agents, and brokers for the purpose of protecting the safety and privacy of a subject of abuse and otherwise implementing the provisions of this subtitle when taking an application, investigating a claim, or taking any other action relating to a policy or claim involving a subject of abuse.

SEC. 425. REASONS FOR ADVERSE ACTIONS.

An insurer that takes an action that adversely affects a subject of abuse shall advise the subject of abuse applicant or insured of the specific reasons for the action in writing. Reference to general underwriting practices or guidelines does not constitute a specific reason.

SEC. 426. LIFE INSURANCE.

Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to prohibit a life insurer from declining to issue a life insurance policy if the applicant or prospective owner of the policy is or would be designated as a beneficiary of the policy, and if--

(1) the applicant or prospective owner of the policy lacks an insurable interest in the insured; or

(2) the applicant or prospective owner of the policy is known, on the basis of police or court records, to have committed an act of abuse against the proposed insured.

SEC. 427. SUBROGATION WITHOUT CONSENT PROHIBITED.

Subrogation of claims resulting from abuse is prohibited without the informed consent of the subject of abuse.

SEC. 428. ENFORCEMENT.

(a) FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION- The Federal Trade Commission shall have the power to examine and investigate any insurer to determine whether such insurer has been or is engaged in any act or practice prohibited by this subtitle. If the Federal Trade Commission determines an insurer has been or is engaged in any act or practice prohibited by this subtitle, the Commission may take action against such insurer by the issuance of a cease and desist order as if the insurer was in violation of section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45). Such cease and desist order may include any individual relief warranted under the circumstances, including temporary, preliminary, and permanent injunctive and compensatory relief.

(b) PRIVATE CAUSE OF ACTION- An applicant or insured who believes that the applicant or insured has been adversely affected by an act or practice of an insurer in violation of this subtitle may maintain an action against the insurer in a Federal or State court of original jurisdiction. Upon proof of such conduct by a preponderance of the evidence, the court may award appropriate relief, including temporary, preliminary, and permanent injunctive relief and compensatory and punitive damages, as well as the costs of suit and reasonable fees for the aggrieved individual's attorneys and expert witnesses. With respect to compensatory damages, the aggrieved individual may elect, at any time prior to the rendering of final judgment, to recover in lieu of actual damages, an award of statutory damages in the amount of $5,000 for each violation.

SEC. 429. EFFECTIVE DATE.

This subtitle shall apply with respect to any action taken on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, except that section 424 shall only apply to actions taken after the expiration of 60 days after such date.

Subtitle D--National Summit on Sports and Violence

SEC. 431. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS THAT A NATIONAL SUMMIT OF SPORTS, POLITICAL, COMMUNITY, AND MEDIA LEADERS SHOULD BE PROMPTLY CONVENED TO DEVELOP A MULTIFACETED ACTION PLAN TO DETER ACTS OF VIOLENCE, ESPECIALLY DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT.

(a) FINDINGS-

(1) Involvement in sports commonly places individuals in a unique context of competition that provides an opportunity to teach, learn, and hone qualities of responsible citizenship, including values that promote self-respect and respect for others and deterring acts of violence, especially domestic violence and sexual assault.

(2) Professional and amateur athletes and sports coaches are role models with great national influence and have helped to positively shape the lives of countless individuals.

(3) Professional and amateur athletes, and sports coaches, administrators, volunteers, and team owners have participated in a variety of outstanding and valuable community service projects throughout the Nation.

(4) Many professional and amateur sports organizations have instituted educational programs and other measures to deter and sanction misconduct, including abuse of legal and illegal drugs, illegal gambling, discriminatory practices, and other unethical behavior.

(5) Acts of domestic violence and sexual assault are serious, indefensible crimes.

(6) Acts of domestic violence and sexual assault committed by athletes are often not taken seriously and go unpunished, sending an insidious and harmful message that this behavior is excusable and is not criminal.

(7) Most athletes do not commit acts of domestic violence or sexual assault and these athletes, as role models, can have a profound impact in deterring others from committing acts of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(8) There exists a Citizenship Through Sports Alliance that is made up of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the National Federation of State High School Associations, the United States Olympic Committee, Major League Baseball, the National Football League, the National Basketball Association, and the National Hockey League.

(9) The Congress supports the existing activities of the Citizenship Through Sports Alliance and its member organizations and encourages a broader array of efforts to promote responsible citizenship by teaching administrators, coaches, and athletes values that will help all who participate in our Nation's sports culture to become better citizens.

(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that--

(1) a national summit should be promptly convened to develop a multifaceted action plan to deter acts of violence committed by athletes, especially domestic violence and sexual assault;

(2) the members of the national summit referred to in paragraph (1) should include--

(A) sports, community, political, and media leaders;

(B) individuals with experience in youth advocacy;

(C) individuals with experience in antiviolence advocacy;

(D) members of the Citizenship Through Sports Alliance;

(E) Members of Congress; and

(F) other governmental and community leaders with specific expertise in education, services, and advocacy programs that serve to deter acts of violence, specifically national, State, and local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions and programs;

(3) the action plan referred to in paragraph (1) should--

(A) be designed to encourage the participation of all administrators, coaches, and athletes, from those involved in youth leagues to those who are involved in professional sports;

(B) emphasize and promote values such as self-respect and respect for others, tolerance, non-discrimination, and gender equality as well as teamwork, discipline, responsibility, and commitment;

(C) encourage and promote participation in sports as a positive character building activity;

(D) promote a sports culture that encourages integrity, honesty, fairness, inclusion, tolerance, nonviolence, and a commitment to excellence; and

(E) include a high-profile public education program and media campaign to deter acts of violence, especially domestic violence and sexual assault; and

(4) the members of the national summit referred to in paragraph (1), and other sports, community, political and media leaders should assume leadership roles deterring acts of domestic violence and sexual assault and should support the measures developed by the national summit referred to in paragraph (1).

Subtitle E--Keeping Firearms From Intoxicated Persons

SEC. 441. PROHIBITION AGAINST TRANSFER OF A FIREARM TO, AND POSSESSION OF A FIREARM BY, A PERSON WHO IS INTOXICATED.

(a) TRANSFER PROHIBITION- Section 922(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (8);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (9) and inserting `; or'; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:

`(10) is intoxicated.'.

(b) POSSESSION PROHIBITION- Section 922(g) of such title is amended--

(1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (8);

(2) by inserting `or' at the end of paragraph (9); and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:

`(10) who is intoxicated,'.

(c) STATEMENT REQUIRED BY THE BRADY LAW- Section 922(s)(3)(B) of such title is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of clause (vi);

(2) by inserting `and' at the end of clause (vii); and

(3) by inserting after clause (vii) the following:

`(viii) is not intoxicated;'.

(d) INTOXICATED DEFINED- Section 921(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(35) The term `intoxicated' means, with respect to a person, that the mental or physical condition of the person is sufficiently impaired, as a result of the presence in the person's body of alcohol, a drug, or another substance, to be prohibited by the law of the State in which the person is located from operating a motor vehicle in the State.'.

Subtitle F--Access to Safety and Advocacy

SEC. 451. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Access to Safety and Advocacy Act'.

SEC. 452. PURPOSE.

The purpose of this subtitle is to enhance safety and justice for victims of domestic violence in every State, jurisdiction under military or Federal control, or tribal land, territory, or commonwealth, through access to the justice system and improved legal advocacy and representation.

SEC. 453. GRANTS TO IMPROVE ACCESS TO THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

(a) ELIGIBLE GRANTEES- To be eligible for a grant under subsection (c) an applicant shall be a--

(1) domestic violence programs;

(2) State, tribal, and local bar associations;

(3) law school clinical programs;

(4) nonprofit legal services;

(5) court-based pro se programs;

(6) bar association or domestic violence legal information and referral services or hotlines;

(7) State and tribal coalitions of domestic violence programs; and

(8) tribes and tribally recognized organizations.

(b) ELIGIBLE SERVICES- Activities funded under grants under subsection (c) shall be designed to further the health, safety, and economic needs of victims of domestic violence through legal assistance for victims of domestic violence in any civil action, administrative proceeding, or criminal cases where the defendant advances a claim of duress or defense of self or other or in clemency proceedings. Activities funded under such grants shall include legal assistance on behalf of--

(1) low-income and indigent persons; or

(2) persons who have inadequate access to sufficient financial resources to secure appropriate legal assistance.

(c) GRANT AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make grants for the following purposes:

(1) To enhance the availability and quality of legal assistance to victims of domestic violence through efforts directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being, or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(2) To encourage the development of partnerships between domestic violence programs and the full spectrum of legal representation and advocacy programs, including private practitioners, Government and public sector lawyers, direct legal services programs, bar associations, legal hotlines, and law school programs.

(3) To increase the participation of the private bar in pro bono or low-cost representation of and assistance to victims of domestic violence.

(4) To improve judicial and administrative handling of pro se cases involving victims of domestic violence.

(5) To enhance the availability and quality of legal representation through increasing programs on domestic violence in law schools and in continuing professional education programs.

SEC. 454. APPLICATION.

(a) REQUIREMENTS- To be eligible for a grant under subsection (c), applicants shall--

(1) for entities described in paragraphs (2) through (6) of section 453(a), include documentation of an ongoing partnership and working relationship with a domestic violence program or State or tribal coalition of domestic violence programs;

(2) demonstrate a history of providing direct legal or advocacy services in a manner that is accountable to the community served; and

(3) certify that--

(A) any person providing legal assistance through a program funded under section 453(c) has completed training on domestic violence law and practice;

(B) any training programs conducted in satisfaction of the requirement of subparagraph

(A) be developed with input from and in collaboration with a domestic violence program or State or tribal coalition of domestic violence programs;

(C) the grantee's organizational policies do not require or encourage mediation in cases where domestic violence is an issue; and

(D) any person providing legal assistance through a program funded under section 453(c) has informed any State or tribal domestic violence coalitions of their work and participates in any statewide networking among legal assistance providers to victims of domestic violence.

SEC. 455. FUNDING.

(a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Of the total amounts appropriated under subsection (b) in any fiscal year--

(1) at least 45 percent shall be allocated to projects that provide direct representation to victims of domestic violence through staff, volunteers, or partnerships, particularly for cases including custody and visitation, protection order, support, housing and divorce matters, and other actions undertaken to achieve or preserve victim safety;

(2) at least 5 percent shall be used for grants to tribes and tribal organizations, including tribal courts and bar associations and tribes and tribal organizations which receive such grants may receive additional grants for direct representation, technical assistance, or any other eligible purpose under this subtitle;

(3) no more than 15 percent shall be awarded to technical assistance and training initiatives;

(4) no more than 5 percent shall be awarded to evaluation; and

(5) no more than 5 percent shall be utilized for the costs of administration.

(b) FUNDING LEVELS- There are authorized to be appropriated for grants under section 453(c) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, $44,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

(c) MATCHING REQUIREMENTS- Applicants for a grant under section 453(c) shall be required to identify an actual or in-kind match for any proposed grant under section 453(c) of no more than 20 percent, except that nonprofit nongovernmental organizations shall be exempt from this matching requirement. Other Federal funding may not be allocated as match.

(d) NONSUPPLANTATION- Federal funds received under section 453(c) shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal and non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for expenditures on activities described in this subtitle. Moneys disbursed under section 453(c) shall be used to fund new projects or to expand or enhance existing projects.

(e) DISCRIMINATION- Activities funded under section 453(c) shall be conducted pursuant to any applicable Federal, State, or local law governing discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, or disability, and shall be subject to section 307(a)(2) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10406(a)(2)). Entities funded under section 453(c) shall not be restricted from providing services because of the immigration status or sexual orientation of the person seeking services.

SEC. 456. PROVISION OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

The Attorney General may provide technical assistance and training in furtherance of the purposes of this subtitle. The technical assistance and training authorized by this section may be carried out directly by the Attorney General or through contracts or other arrangements with entities and may include consultation and problem solving, the development of training programs, materials, and information on domestic violence law and practice, the identification of promising practices, development of databases, developing partnerships, and creating multidisciplinary, community-based approaches.

SEC. 457. EVALUATION OF ACCESS TO SAFETY AND ADVOCACY GRANTS.

The Attorney General may evaluate the grants funded under section 453(c) through contracts or other arrangements with entities expert on domestic violence and evaluation research.

SEC. 458. DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, and stalking, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

(2) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAM- The term `domestic violence program' means a nonprofit nongovernmental organization, the primary purpose of which is to provide advocacy on behalf of and comprehensive services to victims of domestic violence, including some combination of the following: crisis hotlines, shelter or safe homes, transitional housing, task forces or coordinating councils, food assistance, counseling, systems advocacy, transportation, safety planning, information and referral, and legal assistance.

(3) LAW SCHOOL PROGRAM- The term `law school program' means an internship, externship, clinic, or other legal representation program or initiative located at an accredited school of law which has as its primary purpose the provision of legal representation, information, or assistance to victims of domestic violence directed at stopping the violence, enhancing the victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being, or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(4) LEGAL ASSISTANCE- The term `legal assistance' includes--

(A) direct representation of and assistance to victims of domestic violence from intake through adjudication, enforcement, and appeal, in any civil action, administrative proceeding, criminal cases where the defendant advances a claim of duress or a defense of self or other or in clemency proceedings, to include representation from intake through adjudication, enforcement and appeal directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being, or protecting child victims of domestic violence; and

(B) legal advocacy, including issue identification, safety planning, evaluating options, policy analysis, representation enhancement, outreach activities, accompaniment, information, directories and referral, monitoring the civil and criminal justice process, and coordination among legal, social, and health care systems, offered by personnel of domestic violence programs, which is directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(5) NONPROFIT DIRECT LEGAL SERVICES- The term `nonprofit direct legal services' means a nonprofit legal organization which has as its primary purpose the provision of legal assistance to persons on a no-cost, sliding scale, deferred payment, or fixed fee basis on civil or criminal legal matters and which provides specialized representation to victims of domestic violence directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(6) PRO BONO PROGRAM- The term `pro bono program' means a program affiliated with a State, tribal, or local court, bar association, nonprofit direct legal services organization, or a domestic violence program that offers no-cost representation, legal educational programs, or information and referral services to victims of domestic violence directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being, or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(7) PRO SE PROGRAM- The term `pro se program' means a program based in the State, tribal, or local courts, in nonprofit direct legal services organizations, or in domestic violence programs to assist victims of domestic violence--

(A) in preparation and filing of court pleadings, forms, memos, proposed orders, and related documents, in effecting service, and in representation of themselves in any civil or administrative matters or proceedings directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, assuring economic protection and well-being, or protecting child victims of domestic violence;

(B) to develop comprehensive safety plans; and

(C) to offer information and referral services.

(8) STATE COALITION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMS- The term `State coalition of domestic violence programs' means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental statewide membership organization of domestic violence programs that, among other activities, provides training and technical assistance to domestic violence programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority.

(9) STATE, TRIBAL, OR LOCAL BAR ASSOCIATION- The term `State, tribal, or local bar association' means a State, tribal, or local association of attorneys of a specified geographic area whose members are licensed to practice in the jurisdictions and that offers information, referral, or pro bono legal

services to victims of domestic violence directed at stopping the violence, enhancing victim safety, achieving economic justice, or protecting child victims of domestic violence.

(10) TRIBAL ORGANIZATION- The term `tribal organization' means a tribally chartered organization or a nonprofit organization operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation whose governing body reflects the populations served.

Subtitle G--Strengthening Enforcement To Reduce Violence Against Women

SEC. 461. AMENDMENTS TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND STALKING OFFENSES.

(a) INTERSTATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- Section 2261(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

`(a) OFFENSES-

`(1) TRAVEL OR CONDUCT OF OFFENDER- A person who travels in interstate or foreign commerce or to or from Indian country with the intent to injure, harass, or intimidate a spouse or intimate partner, and who, in the course of or as a result of such travel, commits or attempts to commit a crime of violence against that spouse or intimate partner, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

`(2) CAUSING TRAVEL OF VICTIM- A person who causes a spouse or intimate partner to travel in interstate or foreign commerce or to or from Indian country by force, coercion, duress, or fraud, and who, in the course of or as a result of such conduct or travel, commits or attempts to commit a crime of violence against that spouse or intimate partner, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).'.

(b) INTERSTATE STALKING- Section 2261A of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

`Sec. 2261A. Interstate stalking

`Whoever--

`(1) with the intent to injure, harass, or intimidate another person, engages in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States in conduct that places that person in reasonable fear of the death of, or serious bodily injury to, that person or a member of that person's immediate family (as defined in section 115), or

`(2) with the intent to injure, harass, or intimidate another person, travels in interstate or foreign commerce or to or from Indian country, and in the course of or as a result of such travel engages in conduct that places that person in reasonable fear of the death of, or serious bodily injury to, that person or a member of that person's immediate family (as defined in section 115),

shall be punished as provided in section 2261.'.

(c) INTERSTATE VIOLATION OF PROTECTION ORDER- Section 2262(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

`(a) OFFENSES-

`(1) TRAVEL OR CONDUCT OF OFFENDER- A person who travels in interstate or foreign commerce or to or from Indian country with the intent to engage in conduct that violates the portion of a protection order that prohibits or provides protection against violence, threats, or harassment against, contact or communication with, or physical proximity to, another person, or that would violate such a portion of a protection order in the jurisdiction in which the order was issued, and subsequently engages in such conduct, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

`(2) CAUSING TRAVEL OF VICTIM- A person who causes another person to travel in interstate or foreign commerce or to or from Indian country by force, coercion, duress, or fraud, and in the course of or as a result of such conduct or travel engages in conduct that violates the portion of a protection order that prohibits or provides protection against violence, threats, or harassment against, contact or communication with, or physical proximity to, another person, or that would violate such a portion of a protection order in the jurisdiction in which the order was issued, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).'.

(d) DEFINITIONS- Section 2266 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by inserting after the first undesignated paragraph the following:

`serious bodily injury' has the meaning stated in section 2119(2).'; and

(2) by striking the final undesignated paragraph and inserting the following:

`travel in interstate or foreign commerce' does not include travel from 1 State to another by an individual who is a member of an Indian tribe and who remains at all times in the territory of the Indian tribe of which the individual is a member.'.

Subtitle H--Disclosure Protections

SEC. 471. DISCLOSURE PROTECTIONS UNDER THE CHILD SUPPORT PROGRAM.

(a) FEDERAL PARENT LOCATOR SERVICE- Section 453(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653(b)(2)) is amended--

(1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting `or that the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child would be put at risk by the disclosure of such information,' before `provided that';

(2) in subparagraph (A), by inserting `, that the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child would be put at risk by the disclosure of such information,' before `and that information'; and

(3) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking `be harmful to the parent or the child' and inserting `place the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child at risk'.

(b) Section 453(c)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653(c)(2)) is amended by inserting `, or to serve as the initiating court in an action to seek an order,' before `against a noncustodial'.

(c) STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS- Section 454(26) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 654) is amended--

(1) in subparagraph (C), by striking `result in physical or emotional harm to the party or the child' and inserting `place the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child at risk';

(2) in subparagraph (D), by striking `of domestic violence or child abuse against a party or the child and that the disclosure of such information could be harmful to the party or the child' and inserting `that the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child would be put at risk by the disclosure of such information'; and

(3) in subparagraph (E), by striking `of domestic violence' and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting `that the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child would be put at risk by the disclosure of such information pursuant to section 453(b)(2), the court shall determine whether disclosure to any other person or persons of information received from the Secretary could place the health, safety, or liberty of a parent or child unreasonably at risk (if the court determines that disclosure to any other person could be harmful, the court and its agents shall not make any such disclosure);'.

(d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-33; 111 Stat. 251).

TITLE V--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE MILITARY SYSTEM

Subtitle A--Civilian Jurisdiction for Crimes of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

SEC. 501. CRIMINAL OFFENSES COMMITTED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES BY PERSONS ACCOMPANYING THE ARMED FORCES.

(a) IN GENERAL- Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 211 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 212--DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT OFFENSES COMMITTED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES

`Sec.

`3261. Domestic violence and sexual assault offenses committed by persons formerly serving with, presently employed by, or accompanying, the Armed Forces outside the United States.

`3262. Delivery to authorities of foreign countries.

`3263. Regulations.

`3264. Definitions for chapter.

`Sec. 3261. Domestic violence and sexual assault offenses committed by persons formerly serving with, presently employed by, or accompanying, the Armed Forces outside the United States

`(a) IN GENERAL- Whoever, while serving with, employed by, or accompanying the Armed Forces outside of the United States engages in conduct that would constitute a misdemeanor or felony domestic violence or sexual assault offense if the conduct had been engaged in within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States shall be subject to prosecution in the United States district court of the jurisdiction of origin as determined under subsection (d)(2).

`(b) CONCURRENT JURISDICTION- Nothing contained in this chapter deprives courts-martial, military commissions, provost courts, or other military tribunals of concurrent jurisdiction with respect to offenders or offenses that by statute or by the law of war may be tried by courts-martial, military commissions, provost courts, or other military tribunals.

`(c) ACTION BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENT- No prosecution may be commenced under this section if a foreign government, in accordance with jurisdiction recognized by the United States, has prosecuted or is prosecuting such person for the conduct constituting an offense described in subsection (a), except upon the approval of the Attorney General of the United States or the Deputy Attorney General of the United States (or a person acting in either such capacity). The function of approval of the Attorney General or Deputy Attorney General may not be delegated.

`(d) ARRESTS-

`(1) LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL- The Secretary of Defense may designate and authorize any person serving in a law enforcement position in the Department of Defense to arrest outside of the United States any person described in subsection (a) if there is probable cause to believe that such person engaged in conduct which constitutes a criminal offense under subsection (a).

`(2) RELEASE TO CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT- A person arrested under paragraph (1) shall be released to the custody of civilian law enforcement authorities of the United States for removal to the United States for judicial proceedings in the United States district court of the named jurisdiction of origin of the person arrested in relation to conduct referred to in such paragraph unless--

`(A) such person is delivered to authorities of a foreign country under section 3262; or

`(B) such person has had charges brought against such person under chapter 47 of title 10 for such conduct.

`Sec. 3262. Delivery to authorities of foreign countries

`(a) IN GENERAL- Any person designated and authorized under section 3261(d) may deliver a person described in section 3261(a) to the appropriate authorities of a foreign country in which the person is alleged to have engaged in conduct described in section 3261(a) if--

`(1) the appropriate authorities of that country request the delivery of the person to such country for trial for such conduct as an offense under the laws of that country; and

`(2) the delivery of such person to that country is authorized by a treaty or other international agreement to which the United States is a party.

`(b) DETERMINATION BY THE SECRETARY- The Secretary of Defense shall determine which officials of a foreign country constitute appropriate authorities for purposes of this section.

`Sec. 3263. Regulations

`The Secretary of Defense shall issue regulations governing the apprehension, detention, and removal of persons under this chapter. Such regulations shall be uniform throughout the Department of Defense.

`Sec. 3264. Definitions for chapter

`As used in this chapter--

`(1) the term `Armed Forces' has the same meaning as in section 101(a)(4) of title 10;

`(2) a person is `employed by the Armed Forces outside of the United States' if the person--

`(A) is employed as a civilian employee of the Department of Defense, as a Department of Defense contractor, or as an employee of a Department of Defense contractor;

`(B) is present or residing outside of the United States in connection with such employment; and

`(C) is not a national of the host nation; and

`(3) a person is `accompanying the Armed Forces outside of the United States' if the person--

`(A) is a dependent of a member of the armed forces;

`(B) is a dependent of a civilian employee of the Department of Defense;

`(C) is residing with the member or civilian employee outside of the United States; and

`(D) is not a national of the host nation.'.

(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of chapters at the beginning of part II of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 211 the following:

3261.'.

SEC. 502. RECORDS OF MILITARY JUSTICE ACTIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 59 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1178. Military justice information and DNA specimens: transmission to Director of Federal Bureau of Investigation upon member's separation

`(a) RECORDS OF MILITARY JUSTICE ACTIONS- Whenever a member of the armed forces is discharged from a period of service in the armed forces or is released from a period of active duty, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall transmit to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation a copy of records of any penal action taken against the member during that period under chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

`(b) DNA SPECIMENS OF PERSONS CONVICTED OF SEXUAL OFFENSES- (1) Any member of the armed forces who is convicted by a court-martial of an offense of a sexual nature shall, before being separated from the member's armed force, provide to the Secretary of the military department concerned a sample of blood, saliva, or other specimen collected from that member necessary to conduct DNA analysis consistent with established procedures for DNA testing by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

`(2) The Secretary concerned shall transmit each sample provided under paragraph (1) in a timely manner to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation for inclusion in the Combined DNA Identification System (CODIS) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.'.

(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

`1178. Military justice information and DNA specimens: transmission to Director of Federal Bureau of Investigation upon member's separation.'.

Subtitle B--Transitional Compensation for Abused Dependents of Members of the Armed Forces

SEC. 511. TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION.

Section 1059 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in subsection (e)(1)(A), by inserting `that includes dependent-abuse as an underlying or principal factor' after `for a dependent-abuse offense';

(2) in subsection (e)(1)(B), by inserting `underlying, partial, or principal' before `basis'; and

(3) in subsection (g)(2), by striking `the Secretary may not resume such payments.' and inserting `the Secretary may resume such payments if the Secretary determines that there was ongoing abuse. Any such determination as to such a resumption of payments shall be reviewed by the Secretary on a case-by-case basis.'.

Subtitle C--Confidentiality of Records

SEC. 521. CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS.

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall study the policies, procedures, and practices of the military departments for protecting the confidentiality of communications between--

(1) a dependent of a member of the Armed Forces who--

(A) is a victim of sexual harassment, sexual assault, or intrafamily abuse; or

(B) has engaged in such misconduct; and

(2) a therapist, counselor, advocate, or other professional from whom the victim seeks professional services in connection with effects of such misconduct.

(b)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations the policies and procedures that the Secretary considers necessary to provide the maximum possible protections for the confidentiality of communications described in subsection (a) relating to misconduct described in that subsection.

(2) The regulations shall provide the following:

(A) Complete confidentiality of the records of the communications of dependents of members of the Armed Forces.

(B) Characterization of the records under family advocacy programs of the Department of Defense as primary medical records for purposes of the protections from disclosure that are associated with primary medical records.

(C) Facilitated transfer of records under family advocacy programs in conjunction with changes of duty stations of persons to whom the records relate in order to provide for continuity in the furnishing of professional services.

(D) Adoption of standards of confidentiality and ethical standards that are consistent with standards issued by relevant professional associations.

(3) In prescribing the regulations, the Secretary shall consider the following:

(A) Any risk that the goals of advocacy and counseling programs for helping victims recover from adverse effects of misconduct will not be attained if there is no assurance that the records of the communications (including records of counseling sessions) will be kept confidential.

(B) The extent, if any, to which a victim's safety and privacy should be factors in determinations regarding--

(i) disclosure of the victim's identity to the public or the chain of command of a member of the Armed Forces alleged to have engaged in the misconduct toward the victim; or

(ii) any other reaction that facilitates such a disclosure without the consent of the victim.

(C) The eligibility for care and treatment in medical facilities of the uniformed services for any person having a uniformed services identification card (including a card indicating the status of a person as a dependent of a member of the uniformed services) that is valid for that person.

(D) The appropriateness of requiring that so-called Privacy Act statements be presented as a condition for proceeding with the furnishing of treatment or other services by professionals referred to in subsection (a).

(E) The appropriateness of adopting the same standards of confidentiality and ethical standards that have been issued by such professional associations as the American Psychiatric Association and the National Association of Social Workers.

(4) The regulations may not prohibit the disclosure of information to a Federal or State agency for a law enforcement or other governmental purpose.

(c) The Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Attorney General in carrying out this section.

(d) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the actions taken under this section. The report shall include a discussion of the results of the study under subsection (a) and the comprehensive discussion of regulations prescribed under subsection (b).

TITLE VI--PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN TRADITIONALLY UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES

Subtitle A--Older Women's Protection From Violence

SECTION 601. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Older Women's Protection From Violence Act of 1999'.

SEC. 602. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that--

(1) of the estimated more than 1,000,000 persons age 65 and over who are victims of abuse each year, at least 2/3 are women;

(2) in almost 9 out of 10 incidents of domestic elder abuse and neglect, the perpetrator is a family member and adult children of the victims are the largest category of perpetrators and spouses are the second largest category of perpetrators;

(3) the number of reports of elder abuse in the United States increased by 150 percent between 1986 and 1996 and is expected to continue growing;

(4) it is estimated that at least 5 percent of the Nation's elderly are victims of moderate to severe abuse and that the rate for all forms of abuse may be as high as 10 percent;

(5) elder abuse is severely underreported, with 1 in 5 cases being reported in 1980 and 1 in 8 cases being reported today;

(6) based on site-specific information from the Indian Health Service, the rate of trauma and violence faced by Indian women could be considered to be epidemic;

(7) elder abuse takes on many forms, including physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological (emotional) abuse, neglect (intended or unintended), and financial exploitation;

(8) many older persons, particularly women and minorities, fail to report abuse because of shame or as a result of prior unsatisfactory experiences with individual agencies or others who lacked sensitivity to the concerns or needs of older people;

(9) the lack of culturally relevant elder abuse services for Indian women makes access to shelter and other services difficult and often impossible for some Indian women;

(10) many older persons fail to report abuse because they are dependent on their abusers and fear being abandoned or institutionalized;

(11) the lack of access to telephones, law enforcement, and health services in remote areas, including Indian reservations, makes access to relief from elder abuse particularly difficult for some populations;

(12) public and professional awareness and identification of elder abuse is difficult because older persons are not tied into many social networks (such as schools or jobs), and may become isolated in their homes, which can increase the risk of elder abuse;

(13) the Department or Justice does not include age as a category for criminal statistics reporting;

(14)(A) there are relatively few statistics and research studies regarding violence against older women, and even less is known about the incidence of violence against Indian women; and

(B) there is no national database regarding the violence against Indian women; and

(15) older persons would greatly benefit from policies that develop, strengthen, and implement programs for the prevention of abuse, including neglect and exploitation, and provide related assistance for victims.

CHAPTER 1--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT OF 1994

SEC. 603. ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (108 Stat. 1902) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`Subtitle H--Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation, Including Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Against Older Individuals

`SEC. 40801. DEFINITIONS.

`In this subtitle:

`(1) IN GENERAL- The terms `elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation', `domestic violence', and `older individual' have the meanings given the terms in section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002).

`(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).

`SEC. 40802. LAW SCHOOL CLINICAL PROGRAMS ON ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

`The Attorney General shall make grants to law school clinical programs for the purposes of funding the inclusion of cases addressing issues of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence, and sexual assault, against older individuals.

`SEC. 40803. TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.

`The Attorney General shall develop curricula and offer, or provide for the offering of, training programs to assist law enforcement officers, including tribal law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and relevant officers of Federal, State, tribal, and local courts in recognizing, addressing, investigating, and prosecuting instances of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals.

`SEC. 40804. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

`There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subtitle.'.

CHAPTER 2--FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT

SEC. 604. DEFINITIONS.

Section 309 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10408), as amended by section 123(f), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(8) The term `older individual' has the meaning given the term in section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965.'.

SEC. 605. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SERVICES FOR OLDER INDIVIDUALS.

Section 311(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410(a)) is amended in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting before the semicolon `, including programs and providers of direct services targeted to older individuals'.

SEC. 606. DEMONSTRATION GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

Section 318(b)(2)(F) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(b)(2)(F)) is amended by inserting `and adult protective services entities' before the semicolon.

CHAPTER 3--OLDER AMERICANS ACT OF 1965

SEC. 607. DEFINITIONS.

Section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(45) The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person related by blood or marriage to the victim, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction of the victim, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

`(46) The term `sexual assault' has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).'.

SEC. 608. RESEARCH ABOUT THE SEXUAL ASSAULT OF WOMEN WHO ARE OLDER INDIVIDUALS.

Section 202(d)(3)(C) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3012(d)(3)(C)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of clause (i);

(2) by striking the period at the end of clause (ii) and inserting `; and'; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

`(iii) in establishing research priorities under clause (i), consider the importance of research about the sexual assault of women who are older individuals.'.

SEC. 609. STATE LONG-TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM.

Section 303(a)(1) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3023(a)(1)) is amended by inserting before the period the following: `, except that for grants to carry out section 321(a)(10), there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary without fiscal year limitation'.

SEC. 610. TRAINING FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS, AND OTHER PROVIDERS OF SERVICES TO OLDER INDIVIDUALS, ON SCREENING FOR ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

Section 411 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3031) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(f)(1) The Assistant Secretary for Aging shall, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families, the Surgeon General, the Indian Health Service, the Director of the National Institute on Aging, national nonprofit, nongovernmental or tribal organizations with nationally recognized expertise in elder abuse, domestic violence, or sexual assault, and other specialists working in the areas of domestic violence and sexual assault against seniors and elder abuse, update and improve curricula and implement continuing education training programs for adult protective service workers, persons carrying out a State Long-Term Care Ombudsman program, health care providers (including home health care providers), and mental health providers (including specialists), social workers, clergy, domestic violence service providers, sexual assault service providers, and other community-based social service providers in settings, including senior centers, adult day care facilities, nursing homes, board and care facilities, senior housing, and the homes of older individuals to improve the ability of the persons using the curriculum and training programs to recognize and address instances of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals.

`(2) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary shall develop and implement separate curricula and training programs for medical students, physicians, mental health providers, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, and social workers.

`(3) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary shall provide information about the curricula and training programs to entities described in sections 746(d), 777 (a) and (b), 791(d)(2), and 860(g)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 293j(d), 294o (a) and (b), 295j(d)(2), and 298b-7(g)(2)) that seek grants or contracts under title VII or VIII of such Act.'.

SEC. 611. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SHELTERS AND PROGRAMS FOR OLDER INDIVIDUALS.

Section 422(b) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3035a(b)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (11);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (12) and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

`(13) expand access to domestic violence and sexual assault programs, including shelters, rape crisis centers, support groups, mental health services, safety planning, and legal advocacy, for older individuals and encourage the use of hotels, hospitals, senior housing, nursing homes, or other suitable facilities when appropriate as emergency short-term shelters or are otherwise appropriate for older individuals who are the victims of elder abuse, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals; and

`(14) promote research on legal, organizational, or training impediments to providing services to older individuals through shelters and programs, such as impediments to provision of the services in coordination with delivery of health care or senior services.'.

SEC. 612. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM- Section 702(a) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3058a(a)) is amended to read as follows:

`(a) OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out chapter 2 such sums as may be necessary without fiscal year limitation.'.

(b) ELDER ABUSE PREVENTION PROGRAM- Section 702(b) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3058a(b)) is amended to read as follows:

`(b) PREVENTION OF ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out chapter 3 such sums as may be necessary without fiscal year limitation.'.

SEC. 613. COMMUNITY INITIATIVES AND OUTREACH.

Title VII of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3058 et seq.) is amended--

(1) by redesignating subtitle C as subtitle D;

(2) by redesignating sections 761 through 764 as sections 771 through 774, respectively; and

(3) by inserting after subtitle B the following:

`Subtitle C--Community Initiatives and Outreach

`SEC. 761. COMMUNITY INITIATIVES TO COMBAT ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

`(a) IN GENERAL- The Assistant Secretary shall make grants to nonprofit private organizations or tribal organizations to support projects in local communities involving diverse sectors of each community to coordinate activities concerning intervention in and prevention of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals.

`(b) AWARD REQUIREMENT- In awarding grants under subsection (a), the Assistant Secretary shall take into consideration--

`(1) State and tribal efforts to carry out the activities described in such subsection; and

`(2) encouraging coordination among the State and tribal efforts, State adult protective service activities, and activities of private nonprofit organizations.

`SEC. 762. OUTREACH TO OLDER INDIVIDUALS.

`(a) IN GENERAL- The Assistant Secretary shall make grants to develop and implement outreach programs directed toward assisting older individuals who are victims of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation (including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals), including programs directed toward assisting the individuals in senior housing complexes, nursing homes, board and care facilities, and senior centers.

`(b) AWARD REQUIREMENT- In awarding grants under subsection (a), the Assistant Secretary shall take into consideration--

`(1) State and tribal efforts to develop and implement outreach programs described in such subsection; and

`(2) encouraging coordination among the State and tribal efforts, State adult protective service activities, and activities of private nonprofit organizations.

`SEC. 763. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

`There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle such sums as may be necessary without fiscal year limitation.'.

CHAPTER 4--PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT

SEC. 614. SHORT TITLE.

This chapter may be cited as the `Elder Abuse Identification and Referral Act of 1999'.

SEC. 615. ESTABLISHMENT, FOR CERTAIN HEALTH PROFESSIONS PROGRAMS, OF PROVISIONS REGARDING IDENTIFICATION AND REFERRAL FOR ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

(a) TITLE VII PROGRAMS; PREFERENCES IN FINANCIAL AWARDS- Section 791 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 295j), as amended in title III of this Act, is amended by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e) and by inserting after subsection (c) the following subsection:

`(d) PREFERENCES REGARDING TRAINING IN IDENTIFICATION AND REFERRAL OF VICTIMS OF ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT-

`(1) IN GENERAL- In the case of a health professions entity specified in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, in making awards of grants or contracts under this title, give preference to any such entity (if otherwise a qualified applicant for the award involved) that has in effect the requirement that, as a condition of receiving a degree or certificate (as applicable) from the entity, each student have had significant training (such as training conducted in accordance with curricula or programs authorized under section 411(f) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3031(f))), in carrying out the following functions as a provider of health care:

`(A) Identifying victims of elder abuse and neglect, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals, and maintaining complete medical records that include documentation of the examination, treatment given, and referrals made, and recording the location and nature of the victim's injuries.

`(B) Examining and treating such victims, within the scope of the health professional's discipline, training, and practice, including, at a minimum, providing medical advice regarding the dynamics and nature of elder abuse and neglect, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals.

`(C) Referring the victims to public and nonprofit private entities that provide services for such victims.

`(2) RELEVANT HEALTH PROFESSIONS ENTITIES- For purposes of paragraph (1), a health professions entity specified in this paragraph is any entity that is a school of medicine, a school of osteopathic medicine, a graduate program in mental health practice, a school of nursing (as defined in section 853), a program for the training of physician assistants, or a program for the training of allied health professionals.

`(3) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Elder Abuse Identification and Referral Act of 1999, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate, a report specifying--

`(A) the health professions entities that are receiving preference under paragraph (1);

`(B) the number of hours of training required by the entities for purposes of such paragraph;

`(C) the extent of clinical experience so required; and

`(D) the types of courses through which the training is being provided.

`(4) DEFINITIONS- In this subsection:

`(A) IN GENERAL- The terms `abuse', `neglect', `domestic violence', and `older individual' have the meanings given the terms in section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002).

`(B) ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT- The term `elder abuse and neglect' means abuse and neglect of an older individual.

`(C) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).'.

(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 411(f) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (as added by section 610) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(3) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide information about the curricula and training programs to entities described in sections 791(c)(2) and 860(f)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 295j(c)(2) and 298b-7(f)(2)) that seek grants or contracts under title VII or VIII of such Act.'.

SEC. 616. AREA HEALTH EDUCATION CENTERS.

Subparagraphs (D) and (E) of section 746(d)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 293j(d)(2)) are each amended by inserting `, which may include training in domestic violence, sexual assault, and elder abuse screening and referral protocols' before the semicolon.

SEC. 617. GERIATRIC CENTERS AND TRAINING.

(a) GERIATRIC EDUCATION CENTERS- Section 777(a)(4) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 294o(a)(4)) is amended by inserting `, including training and retraining of faculty to provide instruction regarding identification and treatment of older individuals who are the victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and elder abuse' before the semicolon.

(b) GERIATRIC TRAINING REGARDING PHYSICIANS AND DENTISTS- Section 777(b)(2)(D) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 294o(b)(2)(D)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and exposure' and inserting `, exposure'; and

(2) by inserting `, and screening for elder abuse, and domestic violence and sexual assault,' after `of elderly individuals'.

Subtitle B--Protections Against Violence and Abuse for Women With Disabilities

SEC. 620. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Protections Against Violence and Abuse for Women With Disabilities Act'.

SEC. 621. FINDINGS.

The Congress finds that--

(1) women with disabilities are more likely to be the victims of abuse and violence than women without disabilities because of their increased physical, economic, social, or psychological dependence on others;

(2) in domestic violence cases, women with disabilities stay with their batterers almost twice as long as women without disabilities;

(3) violence and abuse against women with disabilities takes many forms, including verbal abuse, physical abuse, sexual assault, forced isolation, control over economic resources, and the withholding of equipment, medication, transportation, or personal care assistance;

(4) many women with disabilities fail to report abuse because they are dependent on their abusers and fear being abandoned or institutionalized;

(5) many women with disabilities are unable to leave abuse or violent spouses or cohabitants because of the inaccessibility of services or the fear of abandoning dependent children; and

(6) law enforcement, the criminal justice system, legal services, and victim services are often not equipped or trained to effectively identify and respond to abuse or violence against women with disabilities.

SEC. 622. OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968.

Section 2001(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)) is amended in paragraph (5) by striking `and domestic violence;' and inserting `, domestic violence, and the forms of violence and abuse particularly suffered by women with disabilities;'.

SEC. 623. FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT.

Section 318(b)(2) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(b)(2)) is amended--

(1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (G);

(2) by redesignating subparagraph (H) as subparagraph (I); and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new subparagraph:

`(H) groups that provide services to or advocate on behalf of persons with disabilities; and'.

SEC. 624. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT.

(a) Section 40291(a) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13961(a)) is amended--

(1) by inserting `and toward persons with disabilities,' after `language minority communities'; and

(2) by inserting `(as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7))' after `needs of underserved populations'.

(b) Section 40412 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13992) is amended--

(1) in paragraph (6), by inserting `, stereotyping of persons with disabilities who are victims of rape, sexual assault, abuse, or violence' after `racial stereotyping of rape victims';

(2) in paragraph (13), by inserting `or among persons with disabilities,' after `socioeconomic groups,';

(3) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (21) (as amended by title I of this Act);

(4) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (22) (as amended by title I of this Act); and

(5) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following:

`(23) issues related to violence and abuse against persons with disabilities, including the nature of physical, mental, and communications disabilities; the special vulnerability to violence of persons with disabilities; and the types of violence and abuse experienced by persons with disabilities;

`(24) the requirements placed on courts and judges under existing disability laws, including the requirements to provide appropriate auxiliary aids and services and to ensure physical access; and

`(25) the stereotypes regarding the fitness of persons with disabilities to retain custody of children, especially in domestic violence cases.'.

SEC. 625. TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR SOCIAL SERVICE AND HEALTH PROVIDERS.

(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Health and Human Services may develop curricula and implement training and continuing education programs for protective services workers, health providers, social workers, clergy, independent living center case workers, and other community-based disability-related service providers to improve their ability to recognize and address instances of domestic violence directed against women with disabilities.

(b) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.

SEC. 626. TRAINING FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS ON SCREENING FOR ABUSE OF WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES.

(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Health and Human Services may make grants and enter into contracts to establish and carry out the training of health professionals, including physicians, nurses, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners, to ensure they will receive training in screening for abuse of women with disabilities and instruction in appropriate actions when cases of abuse are identified.

(b) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to be used to award grants under this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.

SEC. 627. RESEARCH ABOUT SEXUAL ABUSE AND VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES.

In establishing research priorities under title VIII of this Act, the Secretary shall consider the importance of research about the sexual assault of, and violence against, women with disabilities.

SEC. 628. GRANTS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall make grants to States, nongovernmental private entities, and tribal organizations to provide education and technical assistance for the purpose of providing training, consultation, and information on violence, abuse, and sexual assault against women who are individuals with disabilities (as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)).

(b) PRIORITIES- In making grants under this section, the Attorney General shall give priority to applications designed to provide education and technical assistance on--

(1) the nature, definition, and characteristics of violence, abuse, and sexual assault experienced by women who are individuals with disabilities;

(2) outreach activities to ensure that women who are individuals with disabilities who are victims of violence, abuse, and sexual assault receive appropriate assistance;

(3) the requirements of shelters and victim services organizations under Federal anti-discrimination laws, including the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; and

(4) cost-effective ways that shelters and victim services may accommodate the needs of individuals with disabilities in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

(c) USES OF GRANTS- Each recipient of a grant under this section shall provide information and training to national, State, local, and tribal organizations and programs that provide services to individuals with disabilities, including independent living centers, disability-related service organizations, domestic violence programs providing shelter or related assistance, rape crisis centers, and programs providing sexual assault services, other victim services organizations, and women with disabilities.

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established under section 310001 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211) to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

Subtitle C--Battered Immigrant Women

SEC. 630. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

(a) FINDINGS-

Congress finds that--

(1) the goal of the immigration protections for battered immigrants included in the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 was to remove immigration laws as a barrier that kept battered immigrant women and children locked in abusive relationships;

(2) providing battered immigrant women and children who were experiencing domestic violence at home with protection against deportation allows them to obtain protection orders against their abusers and frees them to cooperate with law enforcement and prosecutors in criminal cases brought against their abusers and the abusers of their children; and

(3) there are several groups of battered immigrant women and children who do not have access to the immigration protections of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 which means that their abusers are virtually immune from prosecution because their victims can be deported and the Immigration and Naturalization Service cannot offer them protection no matter how compelling their case under existing law.

(b) PURPOSES-

The purposes of this subtitle are--

(1) to promote criminal prosecutions of all persons who commit acts of battery or extreme cruelty against immigrant women and children;

(2) to offer protection against domestic violence occurring in family and intimate relationships that are covered in State and tribal protection orders, domestic violence, and family law statutes; and

(3) to correct erosions of Violence Against Women Act of 1994 immigration protections that occurred as a result of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 and the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 without otherwise amending the effect of these laws on other aliens.

SEC. 631. VAWA RESTORATION ACT

(a) SHORT TITLE- This subtitle may be cited as the `VAWA Restoration Act'.

(b) REMOVING BARRIERS TO ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

(1) IMMIGRATION AMENDMENTS- Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255) is amended--

(A) in subsection (a), by inserting `of an alien who qualifies for classification under subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (A)(v), (A)(vi), (B)(ii), (B)(iii), or (B)(iv) of section 204(a)(1) or' after `The status';

(B) in subsection (c)(2), by striking `201(b) or a special' and inserting `201(b), an alien who qualifies for classification under subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (A)(v), (A)(vi), (B)(ii), (B)(iii), or (B)(iv) of section 204(a)(1), or a special';

(C) in subsection (c)(4), by striking `201(b))' and inserting `201(b) or an alien who qualifies for classification under subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (A)(v), (A)(vi), (B)(ii), (B)(iii), or (B)(iv) of section 204(a)(1))';

(D) in subsection (c)(5), by inserting `(other than an alien who qualifies for classification under subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (A)(v), (A)(vi), (B)(ii), (B)(iii), or (B)(iv) of section 204(a)(1))' after `an alien'; and

(E) in subsection (c)(8), by inserting `(other than an alien who qualifies for classification under subparagraph (A)(iii), (A)(iv), (A)(v), (A)(vi), (B)(ii), (B)(iii), or (B)(iv) of section 204(a)(1)' after `any alien'.

(2) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to applications for adjustment of status pending on or after the date of the enactment of this subtitle.

(c) REMOVING BARRIERS TO CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL AND SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

(1) SPECIAL RULE FOR CALCULATING CONTINUOUS PERIOD FOR BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD- Paragraph (1) of section 240A(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(d)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

`(1) TERMINATION OF CONTINUOUS PERIOD-

`(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), for purposes of this section, any period of continuous residence or continuous physical presence in the United States shall be deemed to end when the alien is served a notice to appear under section 239(a) or when the alien has committed an offense that renders the alien inadmissible to the United States under section 212(a)(2) or removable from the United States under section 237(a)(2) or 237(a)(4), whichever is earliest.

`(B) SPECIAL RULE FOR BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD- For purposes of subsection (b)(2), the service of a notice to appear referred

to in subparagraph (A) shall not be deemed to end any period of continuous physical presence in the United States.'.

(2) EXEMPTION FROM ANNUAL LIMITATION ON CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL FOR BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD- Section 240A(e)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(e)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(C) REMOVAL CANCELLATION- Aliens whose removal is canceled under subsection (b)(2).'.

(3) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 304 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208, 110 Stat. 587).

(4) MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN TRANSITION RULES FOR BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD-

(A) Subparagraph (C) of section 309(c)(5) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended by amending the subparagraph heading to read as follows:

`(C) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN ALIENS GRANTED TEMPORARY PROTECTION FROM DEPORTATION AND FOR BATTERED SPOUSES AND CHILDREN- '; and

(B) in clause (i)--

(i) by striking, `or' at the end of subclause (IV);

(ii) by striking the period at the end of subclause (V) and inserting `; or'; and

(iii) by adding at the end the following:

`(VI) is an alien who was issued an order to show cause or was in deportation proceedings prior to April 1, 1997, and who applied for suspension of deportation under section 244(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the date of the enactment of this Act).'.

(5) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by paragraph (4) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 309 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note).

(d) ELIMINATING TIME LIMITATIONS ON MOTIONS TO REOPEN REMOVAL AND DEPORTATION PROCEEDINGS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

(1) REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS-

(A) IN GENERAL- Section 240(c)(6)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(6)(C)) amended by adding at the end the following:

`(iv) SPECIAL RULE FOR BATTERED SPOUSES AND CHILDREN- There is no time limit on the filing of a motion to reopen, and the deadline specified in subsection 240(b)(5)(C) does not apply, if the basis for the motion is to apply for adjustment of status based on a petition filed under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A), clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), or section 240A(b)(2) and if the motion is accompanied by a cancellation of removal application to be filed with the Attorney General or by a copy of the self-petition that has been or will be filed with the Immigration and Naturalization Service upon the granting of the motion to reopen.

(B) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subparagraph (A) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the amendments made by section 304 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1229-1229c).

(2) DEPORTATION PROCEEDINGS-

(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any limitation imposed by law on motions to reopen or rescind deportation proceedings under the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the title III-A effective date in section 309 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note)), there is no time limit on the filing of a motion to reopen such proceedings, and the deadline specified in section 242B(c)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as so in effect) (8 U.S.C. 1252b(c)(3)) does not apply if the basis of the motion is to apply for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)), clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), or section 244(a)(3)

of such Act (as so in effect) (8 U.S.C. 1254(a)(3)) and if the motion is accompanied by a suspension of deportation application to be filed with the Attorney General or by a copy of the self-petition that will be filed with the Immigration and Naturalization Service upon the granting of the motion to reopen.

(B) APPLICABILITY- Paragraph (1) shall apply to motions filed by aliens who--

(i) are, or were, in deportation proceedings under the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the title IIIA effective date in section 309 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note)); and

(ii) have become eligible to apply for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)), clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), or section 244(a)(3) of such Act (as in effect before the title III-A effective date in section 309 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note)) as a result of the amendments made by--

(I) subtitle G of title IV of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322; 108 Stat. 1953 et seq.); or

(II) section 627(c) of this subtitle.

SEC. 632. REMEDYING PROBLEMS WITH IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT'S IMMIGRATION PROVISIONS.

(a) EFFECT OF CHANGES IN ABUSERS' CITIZENSHIP STATUS ON SELF-PETITION-

(1) RECLASSIFICATION- Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)) is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

`(vii) For the purposes of any petition filed under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A), denaturalization, loss or renunciation, or changes to the abuser's citizenship status after filing of the petition shall not preclude the classification of the eligible self-petitioning spouse, child, or son or daughter.'

(2) LOSS OF STATUS- Section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a) (1) (A)) is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

`(v)(I) For the purposes of petitions filed or approved under clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), loss of lawful permanent residence status by a spouse or parent after the filing of a petition under that clause shall not adversely affect adjudication of the petition, and, for an approved petition, shall not affect the alien's ability to adjust status under section 245(a) or obtain status as a lawful permanent resident based on the approved self-petition under clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B).

`(II) Upon the lawful permanent resident spouse or parent becoming a United States citizen through naturalization, acquisition of citizenship, or other means, any petition filed with the Immigration and Naturalization Service and pending or approved under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B) shall be automatically reclassified as a petition filed under section 204(a)(1)(A) of this Act even if the acquisition of citizenship occurs after divorce or termination of parental rights.'.

(b) EXEMPTION FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANT WOMEN WHO ENTERED THE UNITED STATES ON FIANCE VISAS FROM CONDITIONAL RESIDENCY STATUS REQUIREMENT-

(1) Section 245(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `This subsection shall not apply to aliens who seek adjustment of status on the basis of an approved self-petition under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or classification under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B).'.

(c) GRANTING VAWA SELF-PETITIONERS ACCESS TO EVIDENCE THE IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE HOLDS IN THE IMMIGRATION FILE OF AN ABUSIVE SPOUSE-

(1) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION- Section 552a(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended:

(A) at the end of paragraph (11) by striking `and';

(B) at the end of paragraph (12) by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and

(C) by adding after paragraph (12) the following new paragraph:

`(13) to the spouse, child, or son or daughter of a naturalized United States citizen or lawful permanent resident who requests information from the

Immigration and Naturalization Service regarding the immigration status of their spouse or parent, or who needs to obtain documentation in the form of official document or public records or copies thereof contained in the immigration file of a spouse or parent for the purpose of obtaining immigration relief or other domestic violence-related court or administrative remedies. This subsection shall not apply to the file or records of a person who has presented to the Immigration and Naturalization Service evidence in the form of a judicial finding, administrative determination, or a police report demonstrating that the naturalized citizen or lawful permanent resident has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.'.

(d) REQUIRING PROSECUTOR COOPERATION WITH BATTERED IMMIGRANT VAWA APPLICANTS-

(1) GRANTING ACCESS- Section 2101(c) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh(c)) is amended by inserting before the period `, certify that their laws, policies, and practices do not discourage or prohibit prosecutors and law enforcement officers from granting access to information about the immigration status of a domestic violence perpetrator to the victim, the child, son, or daughter or their advocate so long as release of the information does not jeopardize ongoing prosecution of the abuser'.

SEC. 633. WAIVERS AND EXCEPTIONS TO INADMISSIBILITY FOR OTHERWISE QUALIFIED BATTERED IMMIGRANTS.

(a) WAIVERS-

(1) DISCRETIONARY WAIVERS FOR CERTAIN INADMISSIBILITY AND REMOVAL GROUNDS- Section 212 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(r) WAIVER OF SECTION 212- The Attorney General, in the Attorney General's discretion, may waive any provision of section 212 (other than paragraphs (3), (10)(A), (10)(D), and (10)(E) of subsection (a)) for humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest except in the case of section 212(a)(2) or section 212(a)(6)(C) waivers, the alien must demonstrate a connection between the crime or disqualifying act and battery or extreme cruelty for any alien who qualifies for--

`(1) status under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or classification under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B); or

`(2) relief under section 240A(b)(2) or 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996).'.

(b) OFFERING EQUAL ACCESS TO VAWA IMMIGRATION PROTECTIONS FOR ALL QUALIFIED BATTERED IMMIGRANT SELF-PETITIONERS-

(1) ELIMINATING CONNECTION BETWEEN BATTERY AND UNLAWFUL ENTRY- Section 212(a)(6)(A)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended by:

(A) striking subclause (III) and

(B) striking the comma at the end of subclause (I) and inserting `, and'; and

(C) striking `; and' in subclause (II) and inserting a period.

(2) ADDITIONAL WAIVERS- Section 212(a)(9)(A)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(A)(iii)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `Clauses (i) and (ii) shall also not apply to aliens to whom the Attorney General has granted status under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or classification under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B).'.

(3) EXCEPTION- Section 212(a)(9)(B)(iii)(IV) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(B)(iii)(IV)) is amended by striking `if, `violation of the terms of the alien's nonimmigrant visa' were substituted for `unlawful entry into the United States' in subclause (III) of that paragraph'.

(4) ADDITIONAL WAIVERS- Section 212(a)(9)(C)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(C)(ii)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `Clause (i) shall also not apply to aliens to whom the Attorney General has granted status under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or classification under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B).'.

(5) WAIVER OF CERTAIN REMOVAL GROUNDS- Section 237(a)(2)(E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(2)(E)) is amended by inserting at the end the following:

`(iii) WAIVER FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The Attorney General may waive the application of clauses (i) and (ii)--

`(I) upon determination that--

`(aa) the alien was acting in self-defense;

`(bb) the alien was not the principal or primary perpetrator of violence in the relationship;

`(cc) the alien was found to have violated a protection order intended to protect the alien; or

`(dd) the alien committed the crime for which the alien was convicted under duress from the person who subjected the alien to battering or extreme cruelty; or

(II) for humanitarian purposes.'.

SEC. 634. CALCULATION OF PHYSICAL PRESENCE IN VAWA CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL AND SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION.

(a) CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS- Section 240A(d)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(d)(2)) is amended to read as follows:

`(2) TREATMENT OF CERTAIN BREAKS IN PRESENCE- An alien shall be considered to have failed to maintain continuous physical presence in the United States under subsections (b)(1) and (b)(2) if the alien has departed from the United States for any period in excess of 90 days or for periods in the aggregate exceeding 180 days. In the case of an alien applying for cancellation of removal under subsection (b)(2), the Attorney General may waive the provisions of this subsection for humanitarian purposes, if the alien demonstrates a substantial connection between the absences and the battery or extreme cruelty forming the basis of the application for cancellation of removal under section 240A(b)(2).'.

(b) SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION PROCEEDINGS-

Section 244(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the title III-A effective date of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat. 3009-625)) (8 U.S.C. 1254(a)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `The Attorney General may waive the physical presence requirement for humanitarian purposes if the alien demonstrates a substantial connection between the absences and the battery or extreme cruelty forming the basis of the application for suspension of deportation.'.

SEC. 635. IMPROVED ACCESS TO VAWA IMMIGRATION PROTECTIONS FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANT WOMEN.

(a) DEFINITION- Section 101(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

`(50) The term `intended spouse' means any alien who meets the criteria set forth in section 204(j)(1)(B) or 204(k)(1)(B).'.

(b) ENSURING PROTECTION FOR ABUSED CHILDREN AND CHILDREN OF BATTERED IMMIGRANTS- Section 101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)) is amended by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) and inserting `; or', and by adding at the end the following:

`(G) a child who turns 21 years old remains a child under this section for the purposes of clauses (iii) and (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A), clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 204 (a)(1)(B), section 240A(b)(2), and section 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the date of the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) if, on the date a petition or application was filed by the child or their parent under any of these sections the child--

`(i) met the definition of child in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of this paragraph; and

`(ii) was under the age of 21 on the date the application or petition was filed.'.

(c) IMMEDIATE RELATIVE STATUS FOR SELF-PETITIONERS MARRIED TO U.S. CITIZENS-

(1) SELF-PETITIONING SPOUSES-

(A) BATTERY OR CRUELTY TO ALIEN OR ALIEN'S CHILD- Section 204(a)(1)(A)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii)) is amended to read as follows:

`(iii) An alien who is described in subsection (j) may file a petition with the Attorney General under this clause for classification of the alien (and any child of the alien as defined in section 101(b)(1)(G) if such a child has not been classified under clause (iv) of section 201(b)(2)(A)(i)) if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that--

`(I) the marriage or the intent to marry the United States citizen was entered into in good faith by the alien; and

`(II) during the marriage or relationship intended by the alien to be legally a marriage, the alien or a child of the alien has been battered or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's spouse or intended spouse.'.

(B) DEFINITION- Section 204 of the Immigration and Nationality Act is amended (8 U.S.C. 1154) by adding at the end the following:

`(j) DEFINITION- An alien described in subsection (a)(1)(A)(iii) is an alien--

`(1)(A) who is the spouse of a citizen of the United States;

`(B)(i) who believed in good faith that he or she had married a citizen of the United States;

`(ii) whose marriage to such citizen would otherwise meet the definition of qualifying marriage under section 216(d)(1)(A)(i); and

`(iii) who otherwise meets any applicable requirements under this Act to establish the existence of and bona fides of a marriage; but whose marriage is not legitimate solely because of the bigamy of such citizen of the United States; or

`(C) who was a bona fide spouse of a United States citizen within the past two years (and who demonstrates a substantial connection between the legal termination of the marriage and battering or extreme cruelty by the United States citizen spouse;

`(2) who is a person of good moral character;

`(3) who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) or who would have been so classified but for the bigamy of the citizen of the United States that the alien intended to marry; and

`(4) who has resided with the alien's spouse or intended spouse.'.

(2) GUARANTEEING ACCESS TO VAWA RELIEF FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANTS BROUGHT INTO THE UNITED STATES ON FIANCE VISAS- For aliens who entered the country on fiance visas, failure to marry the sponsor or failure to marry the sponsor within 90 days as required under section 101(a)(15)(K) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(K)) shall not bar access to relief under this section to aliens who otherwise qualify.

(3) SELF-PETITIONING CHILDREN- Section 204(a)(1)(A)(iv) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)(iv)) is amended to read as follows:

`(iv) An alien who is the child of a citizen of the United States (as defined in section 101(a)(1)(G)), who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i), and who has resided with the citizen parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's citizen parent. An alien child filing under this section shall continue to be considered a child for purposes of this section and section 245 if on the date of filing the child was under the age of 21.'.

(4) SELF-PETITIONING PARENTS- Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)), as amended by section 632(a), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(v) An alien who is the parent of a citizen of the United States, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i), and who has resided with citizen daughter or son may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that during the period of residence with the citizen son or daughter the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's citizen son or daughter.'.

(5) SELF-PETITIONING SON OR DAUGHTER- Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)), as amended by paragraph (4), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(vi) An alien who is the son or daughter of a citizen of the United States, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible for classification by reason of a relationship described in paragraph (1) of section 203(a), and who resides or has resided in the past with the citizen parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this clause for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that during the period of residence with the citizen parent the alien has been battered by, or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by, the alien's citizen parent.'.

(6) FILING OF PETITIONS- Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154 (a)(1)(A)(iv)), as amended by paragraph (5), is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

`(vii) An alien who is the spouse, intended spouse, child, parent, son, or daughter of a United States citizen abroad and who is eligible to file a petition under this subsection shall file such petition with the Attorney General under the procedures that apply to applicants under clauses (iii), (iv), (v), and (vi) of this section.'.

(d) SECOND PREFERENCE IMMIGRATION STATUS FOR SELF-PETITIONERS MARRIED TO LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENTS-

(1) SELF-PETITIONING SPOUSES- Section 204(a)(1)(B)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)(ii)) is amended to read as follows:

`(ii) An alien who is described in subsection (k) may file a petition with the Attorney General under this clause for classification of the alien (and any child of the alien as defined in section 101(b)(1)(G)) if such a child has not been classified under clause (iii) of section 203(a)(2)(A) and if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that--

`(I) the marriage or the intent to marry the lawful permanent resident was entered into in good faith by the alien; and

`(II) during the marriage or relationship intended by the alien to be legally a marriage, the alien or a child of the alien has been battered or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's spouse or intended spouse.'.

(2) DEFINITION- Section 204 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154), as amended by paragraph (3)(A)(ii), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(k) DEFINITION- An alien described in subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii) is an alien--

`(1)(A) who is the spouse of a lawful permanent resident of the United States; or

`(B)(i) who believed in good faith that he or she had married a lawful permanent resident of the United States;

`(ii) whose marriage to such lawful permanent resident would otherwise meet the definition of qualifying marriage under section 216(d)(1)(A)(i); and

`(iii) who otherwise meets any applicable requirements under this Act to establish the existence of and bona fides of a marriage; but whose marriage is not legitimate solely because of the bigamy of such lawful permanent resident of the United States; or

`(iv) who was a bona fide spouse of a United States citizen within the past two years (and who demonstrates a substantial connection between the legal termination of the marriage and battering or extreme cruelty by the United States citizen spouse;

`(2) who is a person of good moral character;

`(3) who is eligible to be classified as a spouse of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence under section 203(a)(2)(A) or who would have been so classified but for the bigamy of the lawful permanent resident of the United States that the alien intended to marry; and

`(4) who has resided in the United States with the alien's spouse or intended spouse.'.

(3) SELF-PETITIONING CHILDREN- Section 204(a)(1)(B)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)(iii)) is amended to read as follows:

`(iii) An alien who is the child of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence as defined in section 101(b)(1)(G), who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible for classification under section 203(a)(2)(A), and who has resided with the alien's permanent resident alien parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's permanent resident parent. An alien child filing under this section shall continue to be considered a child for purposes of this section and section 245 if on the date of filing the child was under the age of 21.'.

(4) SELF-PETITIONING SON OR DAUGHTER- Section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), as amended by section 632(a)(2), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(vi) An alien who is the son or daughter of a citizen of the United States, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible for classification by reason of a relationship described in paragraph (2) of section 203(a), and who resides or has resided in the past with the citizen parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this clause for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that during the period of residence with the citizen parent the alien has been battered by, or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by, the alien's citizen parent.'.

(5) FILING OF PETITIONS- Section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), as amended by paragraph (4), is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

`(vii) An alien who is the spouse, intended spouse, child, son, or daughter of a lawful permanent resident living abroad is eligible to file a petition under this subsection shall file such petition with the Attorney General under the procedures that apply to applicants under section 204(a)(1)(B)(ii) and (iii).'.

(6) TREATMENT OF DERIVATIVES- Section 203(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `Alien sons and daughters included as children in self-petitions filed under sections 204(a)(1)(A)(iii) and 204(a)(1)(B)(ii) shall be entitled to the same status and the same order of consideration of accompanying or following to join, as the self-petitioner.'.

SEC. 636. IMPROVED ACCESS TO VAWA CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL.

(a) CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL AND ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN NONPERMANENT RESIDENTS- Section 240A(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:

`(2) SPECIAL RULE FOR BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD-

`(A) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may cancel removal of, and adjust to the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, an alien who is inadmissible or deportable from the United States if the alien demonstrates that--

`(i) the alien has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by a spouse, parent, son, or daughter who is a United States citizen (or is the parent of a child of a United States citizen and the child has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by such citizen parent), or by a spouse or parent who is a lawful permanent resident (or is the parent of a child of a lawful permanent resident and the child has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by such permanent resident parent), or by a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident whom the alien intended to marry, but whose marriage is not legitimate because of that United States citizen's or lawful permanent resident's bigamy;

`(ii) the alien has been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of not less than 3 years immediately preceding the date of such application; the issuance of a charging document for removal proceedings shall not toll the 3-year period of continuous physical presence in the United States;

`(iii) the alien has been a person of good moral character during such period; and

`(iv) the alien is not inadmissible under paragraph (2) or (3) of section 212(a), is not deportable under paragraphs (1)(G) or (2) through (4) of section 237(a), and has not been convicted of an aggravated felony, unless the Attorney General waives application of this clause for humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity or when it is otherwise in the public interest.

In acting on applications under this paragraph, the Attorney General shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the application. The determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Attorney General. For aliens who entered the country on fiance visas failure to marry the sponsor, or failure to marry the sponsor within 90 days as required under section 101(a)(15)(K) shall not bar access to relief under this section to aliens who otherwise qualify.

`(B) INCLUSION OF OTHER ALIENS IN PETITION- An alien applying for relief under this section may include--

`(i) the alien's children, sons, or daughters in the alien's application and, if the alien is found eligible for suspension or cancellation, the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien's children, sons, daughters; or

`(ii) the alien's parent in the alien child's (as defined in section 101(b)(1)(G)) application in the case of an application filed by an alien who was abused by a citizen or lawful permanent resident parent and, if the alien child is found eligible for suspension or cancellation, the Attorney General may adjust the status of both the alien child applicant and the alien child's parent.

`(C) INCLUSION OF OTHER ALIENS IN PETITIONS- An alien applying for relief under section 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the date of the enactment of Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) may include--

`(i) the alien's children, sons, or daughters in the alien child's application and, if the alien is found eligible for suspension or cancellation, the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien's children, sons, or daughters; or

`(ii) the alien's parent in the alien child's (as defined in section 101(b)(1)(G)) application in the case of an application filed by an alien who was abused by a citizen or lawful permanent resident parent and, if the alien child is found eligible for suspension or cancellation, the Attorney General may adjust the status of both the alien child applicant and the alien child's parent.'.

(b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The change in law represented by clause (ii) of section 240A(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(2)) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 304 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208 110 Stat. 587).

SEC. 637. GOOD MORAL CHARACTER DETERMINATIONS.

(a) DETERMINATIONS OF GOOD MORAL CHARACTER FOR SELF-PETITIONING IMMEDIATE RELATIVES-

Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(ix)(I) For the purposes of making good moral character determinations under this subparagraph, the Attorney General is not limited by the criminal court record and may waive the bar to issuing a finding of good moral character in the case of an alien who otherwise qualifies for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A), but who--

`(aa) has been convicted of, or who pled guilty to, violating a court order issued to protect the alien;

`(bb) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, prostitution if the alien was forced into prostitution by an abuser;

`(cc) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime under duress from the person who battered or subjected the alien to extreme cruelty;

`(dd) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, a domestic violence-related crime, if the Attorney General determines that the alien acted in self-defense; or

`(ee) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime where there was a connection between the commission of the crime and having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

`(II) After finding that an alien has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and is otherwise eligible for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A), the Attorney General may make a finding of good moral character under section 101(f) with respect to the alien despite the existence of any conviction listed in subclause (I) or any other disqualifying act that is connected to the battery or extreme cruelty.'.

(b) DETERMINATIONS OF GOOD MORAL CHARACTER FOR SELF-PETITIONERS SEEKING SECOND PREFERENCE IMMIGRATION STATUS- Section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), as amended by section 630(a)(4)(D), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(vii)(I) For the purposes of making good moral character determinations under this subparagraph, the Attorney General is not limited by the criminal court record and may waive the bar to issuing a finding of good moral character in the case of an alien who otherwise qualifies for relief under clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), but who--

`(aa) has been convicted of, or who pled guilty to, violating a court order issued to protect the alien;

`(bb) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, prostitution where the alien was forced into prostitution by an abuser;

`(cc) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime under duress from the person who battered or subjected the alien to extreme cruelty;

`(dd) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, a domestic violence-related crime, if the Attorney General determines that the alien acted in self-defense; or

`(ee) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime where there was a connection between the commission of the crime and having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

`(II) After finding that an alien has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and is otherwise eligible for relief under clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), the Attorney General may in the Attorney General's sole discretion make a finding of good moral character despite the existence of any conviction listed in subclause (I) of this clause or any other disqualifying criminal act that is connected to the battery or extreme cruelty.'.

(c) DETERMINATIONS OF GOOD MORAL CHARACTER IN VAWA CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS- Section 240A(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(2)), as amended by section 636(a), is amended by adding at the end the following--

`(D) GOOD MORAL CHARACTER DETERMINATIONS- For the purposes of making good moral character determinations under subsections (b)(2) and (b)(3) the Attorney General is not limited by the criminal court record and may make a finding of good moral character in the case of an alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty but who--

`(i) has been convicted of, or who pled guilty to, violating a court order is sued to protect the alien;

`(ii) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, prostitution, if the alien was forced into prostitution by an abuser;

`(iii) has been convicted of or pled guilty to committing a crime if the alien committed the crime under duress from the person who battered or subjected the alien to extreme cruelty;

`(iv) has been convicted of or pled guilty to a domestic violence-related crime if the Attorney General determines that the alien acted in self-defense; or

`(v) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime where there was a connection between the commission of the crime and having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

`(E) EFFECT OF CRIMINAL ACT OR CONVICTION- After finding that an alien has been battered or subject to extreme cruelty and is otherwise eligible for relief under this paragraph, the Attorney General may make a finding of good moral character with respect to the alien despite the existence of any conviction listed in subparagraph (A) or any other disqualifying criminal act that is connected to the battery or extreme cruelty.'.

(d) DETERMINATIONS UNDER SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION-

(1) IN GENERAL- For the purposes of making good moral character determinations under section 244(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) (8 U.S.C. 1254(a)(3)), the Attorney General is not limited by the criminal court record and may make a finding of good moral character in the case of an alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty but who--

(A) has been convicted of, or who pled guilty to, violating a court order issued to protect the alien;

(B) has been convicted of, or who pled guilty to, prostitution if the alien was forced into prostitution by an abuser;

(C) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to committing, a crime under duress from the person who battered or subjected the alien to extreme cruelty;

(D) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, a domestic violence-related crime if the Attorney General determines that the alien acted in self-defense; or

(E) has been convicted of, or pled guilty to, committing a crime where there was a connection between the commission of the crime and having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

(2) EFFECT OF CRIMINAL ACT OR CONVICTION- After finding that an alien has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and would otherwise qualify for relief under this subsection, the Attorney General may in the Attorney General's sole discretion make a finding of good moral character with respect to the alien despite the existence of any conviction listed in paragraph (1) or any other disqualifying criminal act or that is connected to the battery or extreme cruelty.

SEC. 638. BATTERED IMMIGRANT WOMEN'S ECONOMIC SECURITY ACT.

(a) NONAPPLICABILITY OF SPECIAL RULES RELATING TO THE TREATMENT OF NON-213a ALIENS- Section 408(f)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 608(f)(6)) is amended--

(1) in subparagraph (B), by striking 'or' at the end;

(2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and inserting `; or'; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

`(D) described in section 421 (f) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1631(f)) but for the fact that the individual is a non-213A alien.'.

(b) DISCRETIONARY FIRST TIME OFFENDER WAIVERS FOR ALIENS MAKING CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENTS- Section 237(a)(2)(E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(2)(E)), as amended by section 633(b)(7), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(iv) DISCRETIONARY WAIVER OF DEPORTATION GROUND FOR FIRST OFFENDERS PAYING COURT ORDERED CHILD SUPPORT- At the sole and unreviewable discretion of the Attorney General, the Attorney General may waive deportability of an alien who is convicted under clause (i) or who is found in violation of a protection order by a determination entered by a court under clause (ii), if--

`(I) the conviction or finding was the alien's first conviction or violation;

`(II) the alien is not otherwise deportable under this paragraph, unless the alien has obtained a waiver available under the provisions of this paragraph;

`(III) the waiver is requested by the person against whom the domestic violence crime or protection order violation was committed;

`(IV) the judge determines that granting the waiver will not jeopardize the safety of the victim or her children;

`(V) any ongoing cohabitation with the abuse victim will not be in violation of any court order; and

`(VI) the alien is paying adequate child support to the person against whom the domestic violence crime or protection order violation was committed and the alien--

`(aa) is separated from the person against whom the domestic violence crime or the protection order violation was committed and who is subject to a court order requiring him to pay child support for any children he has in common with the person against whom he committed the crime of domestic violence or protection order violation, and is current on all child support payments due under such order or is in compliance with a court-approved payment plan; or

`(bb) resides in the same household as the person against whom he committed the crime of domestic violence or protection order violation and who demonstrates to the immigration judge in the removal proceeding that the alien has been and will continue to provide adequate, ongoing support for the victim and any children in common, if the parties have children in common.

`(II) ADEQUATE SUPPORT DETERMINED UNDER APPLICABLE CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES- For purposes of the determination of the adequacy of child support provided under subclause (I)(bb), the immigration judge shall refer to the child support guidelines of the jurisdiction in which the parties reside.

`(vi) REINSTATEMENT OF DEPORTATION GROUNDS- Any person who obtains a waiver under clause (iii) who thereafter is found by a court with jurisdiction over the child support matter to have failed to make court-ordered child support payments or failed to comply with a court-approved payment plan is deportable and no further waiver is available under clause (iii).'.

(c) MISREPRESENTATION WAIVERS FOR BATTERED SPOUSES OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS AND LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENTS-

(1) WAIVER OF INADMISSIBILITY- Section 212(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(i)) is amended in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the end the following: `or in the case of an alien granted classification under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), or who qualifies for relief under section 240A(b)(2) or section 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the date of enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996), the alien demonstrates extreme hardship to the alien or the alien's United States citizen or lawful permanent resident or qualified alien parent, child, son, or daughter'; and

(2) WAIVER OF DEPORTABILITY- Section 237(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)) is amended--

(A) in paragraph (1)(H)--

(i) in clause (ii), by striking the period and inserting `; or'; and

(ii) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:

`(iii) is an alien who qualifies for classification under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), or who qualifies for relief under section 240A(b)(2), or 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the date of enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996).'; and

(B) in paragraph (3)(D)--

(i) by inserting `(i) IN GENERAL- ' before `Any alien'; and

(ii) by adding at the end the following:

`(ii) WAIVER AUTHORIZED- The Attorney General may waive clause (i) in the case of an alien who qualifies for classification under clause (iii), (iv) (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B), or who qualifies for relief under section 240(A)(b)(2), or 244(a)(3) (as in effect before the date of enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996).'.

(d) PUBLIC CHARGE- Section 212(a)(4) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(E) EXCEPTION- The following aliens are not subject to public charge determinations under this paragraph:

`(i) An alien who qualifies for classification as a spouse, parent, child, son, or daughter of a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident under clause (iii), (iv) (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B).

`(ii) An alien who qualifies for classification as the spouse, child, son, or daughter of a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident under clause (i) or (ii) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or section 204(a)(1)(B)(i) and who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

`(iii) Any derivatives or immediate relative children of aliens under clause (i) or (ii) of this subparagraph.'.

(e) ACCESS TO NATURALIZATION FOR DIVORCED VICTIMS OF ABUSE- Section 319(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1430(a)) is amended--

(1) by inserting `, or any person who obtained status as a lawful permanent resident by reason of his or her status as a spouse, child, son, or daughter of a United States citizen who battered him or her or subjected him or her to extreme cruelty,' after `United States' the first place such term appears; and

(2) by inserting `(except in the case of a person who obtained lawful permanent residence because he or she was the spouse, child, son, or daughter of a United States citizen who battered or subjected him or her to extreme cruelty)' after `has been living in marital union with the citizen spouse'.

(f) WORK AUTHORIZATION- The Attorney General may authorize an alien who has properly filed an application for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)), section 240A(b)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(2)), or section 244(c)(3) (8 U.S.C. 1254(c)(3)) (as in effect before the date of enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to engage in employment in the United States during the pendency of such application and may provide the alien with an employment authorized endorsement or other appropriate document signifying authorization of employment. The Attorney General shall authorize such employment in all cases in which an application has been pending for a period exceeding 180 days and has not been denied.

(g) FILING FEES-

(1) PETITIONS FOR CLASSIFICATION- Section 204(a)(1)(A)(iii)(I) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii)(I)), as amended by section 635(c), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`No fee shall be charged for the filing or processing of any application under clause (iii), (iv) (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of subparagraph (B), or any application for work authorization or renewal thereof where such applications formed the basis for the alien's work authorization eligibility.'.

(2) CANCELLATIONS OF REMOVAL- Section 240A(b)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b), as amended by section 637(c), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`No fee shall be charged for the filing or processing of any application under this subsection or any application for work authorization or renewal thereof, if the application forms the basis for the alien's work authorization eligibility.'.

(3) SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION- No fee shall be charged for the filing or processing of any application under section 244(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the date of enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) (8 U.S.C. 1254(a)(3)), or any application for work authorization or renewal thereof, if the applications forms the basis for the alien's work authorization eligibility.

(h) ACCESS TO FOOD STAMPS AND SSI FOR QUALIFIED BATTERED ALIENS- Section 402(a)(2) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1612(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(L) EXCEPTION FOR CERTAIN BATTERED ALIENS- With respect to eligibility for benefits for the specified Federal program described in paragraph (3), paragraph (1) shall not apply to any individual who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty (as defined under guidance issued by the Attorney General in accordance with section 431) in the United States and is a qualified alien under section 431(c).'.

(i) ACCESS TO HOUSING FOR QUALIFIED IMMIGRANTS- Section 214 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 1436(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(j) ELIGIBILITY FOR HOUSING ASSISTANCE FOR QUALIFIED BATTERED ALIENS- Notwithstanding any other provision of this section--

`(1) the restrictions on use of assisted housing by aliens under this section shall not apply to any--

`(A) qualified alien under subsection (b) or (c) of section 431 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1986 (8 U.S.C. 1641); or

`(B) child included in the application for lawful immigration status of an alien described in subparagraph (A); and

`(2) no private, government, or nonprofit organization providing shelter or services to battered women or abused children receiving any Federal funds shall deny, restrict, or condition assistance to any applicant based on alienage.'.

(j) CLARIFYING WELFARE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR BENEFIT APPLICANTS- The Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 301 et seq.) is amended--

(1) in section 411(a)(1)(A) (42 U.S.C. 611(a)(1)(A)), by adding after clause (xviii) the following:

`Collection of information about, and inquiries into, the immigration status of an individual who is a parent applying on behalf of his or her child who is a United States citizen or a qualified alien (as defined in section 431(b) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(b)) for assistance under the State program funded under this part, shall not be made if the individual is not applying for benefits for themselves, whether or not the individual is determined, under Federal or State law, to be part of a family unit receiving assistance under that program.'; and

(2) in section 1631(e)(9) (42 U.S.C. 1383(e)(9)), by adding at the end the following: `Collection of information about, and inquiries into, the immigration status of an individual who is a parent applying on behalf of his or her child who is a United States citizen or a qualified alien (as defined in section 431(b) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(b))) for benefits under this title (or for benefits supplemented by a State with an agreement under section 1616), shall not be made if the individual is not applying for benefits for themselves, whether or not the individual is determined, under Federal or State law, to be part of a family unit receiving such benefits.'.

(k) CONFORMING DEFINITION OF `FAMILY' USED IN LAWS GRANTING WELFARE ACCESS FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANTS TO STATE FAMILY LAW- Section 431(c) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)) is amended--

(1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking `by a spouse or a parent, or by a member of the spouse or parent's family residing in the same household as the alien and the spouse or parent consented to, or acquiesced in, such battery or cruelty,' and inserting `by a spouse, parent, son, or daughter, or by any individual having a relationship with the alien covered by the civil or criminal domestic violence statutes of the State or Indian country where the alien resides, or the State or Indian country in which the alien, the alien's child, or the alien child's parents received a protection order, or by any individual against whom the alien could obtain a protection order,'; and

(2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking `by a spouse or parent of the alien (without the active participation of the alien in the battery or cruelty), or by a member of the spouse or parent's family residing in the same household as the alien and the spouse or parent consented or acquiesced to such battery or cruelty,' and inserting `by a spouse, parent, son or daughter of the alien (without the active participation of the alien in the battery or cruelty) or by any person having a relationship with the alien covered by the civil or criminal domestic violence statutes of the State or Indian country where the alien resides, or the State or Indian country in which the alien, the alien's child or the alien child's parent received a protection order, or by any individual against whom the alien could obtain a protection order,'.

(l) ENSURING THAT BATTERED IMMIGRANTS HAVE ACCESS TO FOOD STAMPS AND SSI-

(1) QUALIFYING QUARTERS- Section 435 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1645) is amended in paragraph (2) by striking `and the alien remains married to such spouse or such spouse is deceased' and inserting `if such spouse is deceased or if the alien remains married to such spouse (except that qualified aliens covered by section 431(c) may continue after divorce to count the qualifying quarters worked by their spouse during the marriage)'.

(2) FOOD STAMPS ACCESS FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANT QUALIFIED ALIENS AND THEIR CHILDREN- Section 741 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 1751 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(c) FOOD STAMPS- Section 7 of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(k) BATTERED IMMIGRANT QUALIFIED ALIEN ELIGIBILITY FOR FOOD STAMPS- Qualified alien battered immigrants under subsection (c) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641) and their children are eligible to receive food stamps.' '.

(3) CERTAIN BATTERED IMMIGRANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN- Section 403(b) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(3) CERTAIN BATTERED IMMIGRANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN- Qualified alien battered immigrants as defined in section 431(c)(1)(B).'.

(m) TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO QUALIFIED ALIEN DEFINITION FOR BATTERED IMMIGRANTS-

(1) Clause (iii) of section 431(c)(1)(B) of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)(1)(B)) is amended by inserting `(as in effect before the date

of the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996)' after `pursuant to section 244(a)(3) of such Act' [NOTE: The phrase `pursuant...' does not appear in the law].

(2) Section 431(c)(1)(B) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)(1)(B)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(vi) cancellation of removal and adjustment of status pursuant to section 240A(b)(2) of such Act;'

(3) Section 431(c)(2)(B) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)(2)(B)) is amended by striking `clause (ii) of subparagraph (A)' [NOTE: The material to be struck is not in the law] and inserting `clause (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of paragraph (1)(A)'.

(v) of subparagraph (1)(B) of this subsection'.

SEC. 639. ACCESS TO LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION FUNDS.

(a) STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION ON LEGAL ASSISTANCE FUNDS-

Section 502 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-119) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(c) This section shall not be construed to prohibit a recipient from--

`(1) using funds derived from a source other than the Legal Services Corporation to provide related legal assistance (as that term is defined in subsection (b)(2)) to any alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty by a person with whom the alien has a relationship covered by the domestic violence laws of the State in which the alien resides or in which an incidence of violence occurred;

`(2) using Legal Services Corporation funds to provide related legal assistance to any alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty who qualifies for relief under clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 204(a)(1)(A) or clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)).'.

SEC. 640. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT TRAINING FOR INS OFFICERS, IMMIGRATION JUDGES, AND CIVIL AND CRIMINAL COURT JUSTICE SYSTEM PERSONNEL.

(a) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN-

(1) MILITARY TRAINING CONCERNING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended by adding after section 2006 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-5) the following new section:

`SEC. 2007. MILITARY TRAINING CONCERNING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

`Each branch of the United States military is required to train its supervisory military officers on domestic violence, the dynamics of domestic violence in military families, the types of protection available for battered immigrant women and children in the Violence Against Women Act, and the problems of domestic violence in families in which a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident member of the military is married to a non-United States citizen.'.

(2) TECHNICAL- Section 2001(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3795gg(a)) is amended by inserting `the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Executive Office of Immigration Review,' after `Indian tribal governments,'.

(3) TECHNICAL- Section 2001(b)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)(1)) is amended by inserting `, immigration and asylum officers, immigration judges,' after `law enforcement officers'.

[NOTE: Review the amendments made by section 102(C) which are duplicative of this] (4) TRAINING- Section 2001(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)(1)) is amended--

(A) at the end of paragraph (6) by striking `and';

(B) at the end of paragraph (7) by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new paragraph:

`(8) training justice system personnel on the immigration provisions of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 and their ramifications for victims of domestic violence appearing in civil and criminal court proceedings and potential immigration consequences for the perpetrators of domestic violence.'.

(b) POWERS OF IMMIGRATION OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES-

Section 287(g)(10) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1357(g)(10)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `It is the intent of the Congress

that none of the provisions of this section have the effect of discouraging crime victim cooperation with law enforcement and prosecutors. Public policy favors encouraging prosecution of criminals and nothing in this section shall be construed to discourage crime victims and domestic violence victims from reporting crimes committed against them to police, from cooperating in criminal prosecutions, or from obtaining from courts protection orders or other legal relief needed to protect crime victims from ongoing violence under State or Federal laws.'.

(c) REPORT- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and House of Representatives on--

(1) the number of and processing times of petitions under clauses (iii) and (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(A)) and clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 204(a)(1)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(B)) at district offices of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and at the regional office of the Service in St. Albans, Vermont;

(2) the policy and procedures of the Immigration and Naturalization Service by which an alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty who is eligible for suspension of deportation or cancellation of removal can place such alien in deportation or removal proceedings so that such alien may apply for suspension of deportation or cancellation of removal, the number of requests filed at each district office under this policy and the number of these requests granted broken out by District; and

(3) the average length of time at each Immigration and Naturalization office between the date that an alien who has been subject to battering or extreme cruelty eligible for suspension of deportation or cancellation of removal requests to be placed in deportation or removal proceedings and the date that immigrant appears before an immigration judge to file an application for suspension of deportation or cancellation of removal.

SEC. 641. PROTECTION FOR CERTAIN VICTIMS OF CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN.

(a) DEFINITION-

Section 101(a)(27) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(M)(i) an immigrant who--

`(I) is a victim of one of the following crimes committed in the United States: rape, torture, incest, battery or extreme cruelty, sexual assault, female genital mutilation, forced prostitution, trafficking, being held hostage, or any other violent crime where--

`(aa) the perpetrator has been arrested;

`(bb) the victim has filed a complaint, the complaint has been investigated by a law enforcement agency that referred the case to a prosecutor;

`(cc) a prosecutor has filed a case charging the perpetrator;

`(dd) a Federal or State administrative agency has brought an enforcement action against the perpetrator based upon actions that would constitute a crime listed in section 101(a)(27)(v)(I); or

`(ee) a Federal or State court has made a judicial finding in a civil or criminal case that actions that would constitute a crime listed in section 101(a)(27(v)(I) occurred;

`(II) is a person of good moral character; and

`(III) can demonstrate that their deportation will cause extreme hardship to themselves or their children or (in the case of an alien who is a child) to the alien's parent; and

`(IV) who submits to the Attorney General certification from a Federal or State law enforcement officer, prosecutor, judge or a Federal or State administrative staff person responsible for bringing enforcement actions that the alien is willing to cooperate and has cooperated in a criminal or civil court action or Federal or State administrative agency enforcement action. .

`(ii) For purposes of making good moral character determinations under this subparagraph, the Attorney General is not limited by the criminal court record and may waive the bar to issuing a finding of good moral character under subsection (f) in the case of an immigrant who otherwise qualifies for relief under clause (i) despite the existence of any disqualifying act or criminal conviction.

`(iii) For the purposes of this section, trafficking consists of all acts involved in the recruitment, transportation, or holding of persons within or across borders, involving deception, coercion or force, abuse of authority, debt bondage, or fraud for the purpose of placing persons in situations of abuse or exploitation such as forced prostitution, battering and extreme cruelty, sweatshop labor, or exploitative domestic servitude.'.

(b) ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN VICTIMS OF CRIMES- Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(l) SPECIAL IMMIGRANT UNDER SECTION 101(a)(27)(v)- In applying this section to a special immigrant described in section 101(a)(27)(v)--

`(1) such an immigrant shall be deemed, for purposes of subsection (a), to have been paroled into the United States; and

`(2) none of the provisions of subsection (c) shall apply with the exception of subsections (c)(5) and (c)(6).'.

(c) CANCELLATION OF REMOVAL FOR CERTAIN VICTIMS OF CRIMES- Section 240A(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)) is amended by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4) and inserting after paragraph (2) the following:

`(3) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN VICTIMS OF CRIME- The Attorney General may cancel removal of, and adjust to the status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, an alien who--

`(A) is inadmissible or deportable from the United States;

`(B) meets the qualifications for designation as a special immigrant as described in section 101(a)(27)(v);

`(C) has been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of not less than 3 years immediately preceding the date of such application;

`(D) the alien has been a person of good moral character during such period;

`(E) the alien is not admissible under section 212(a)(3), is not deportable under paragraph (1)(G), (3) or (4) of section 237(A) and has not been convicted of an aggravated felony; and

`(F) the removal would result in extreme hardship to the alien, the alien's child, or (in the case of an alien who is a child) to the alien's parent.'.

Subtitle D--Conforming Amendments to the Violence Against Women Act

SEC. 651. LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PROSECUTION GRANTS.

(a) Section 2001(b)(5) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)(5)) is amended by striking `to racial, cultural, ethnic, and language minorities' and inserting `to underserved populations'.

(b) Section 2002(d)(1)(D) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(d)(1)(D)) is amended to read as follows:

`(D) demographic characteristics of the populations to be served, including marital status and the characteristics of any underserved populations;'.

(c) Section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)) is amended to read as follows:

`(7) the term `underserved populations' includes populations underserved because of race, ethnicity, age, disability, sexual orientation, religion, alienage status, geographic location (including rural isolation), language barriers, and any other populations determined to be underserved by the State planning process; and'.

(d) Section 2004(b)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-3(b)(3)) is amended by striking all that follows `relationship of victim to offender' and inserting `and the membership of persons served in any underserved populations; and'

SEC. 652. FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT.

(a) Section 303(a)(2)(C) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)(2)(C)) is amended by striking `populations underserved because of ethnic, racial, cultural, language diversity or geographic isolation;' and inserting `populations underserved because of race, ethnicity, age, disability, sexual orientation, religion, alienage status, geographic location (including rural isolation), language barriers, and any other populations determined to be underserved;'

(b) Section 311(a)(4) (42 U.S.C. 10410(a)(4)) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act is amended by striking `underserved racial, ethnic or language-minority populations' and inserting `underserved populations, as that term is used in section 303(a)(2)(C)'.

(c) Section 316(e)(4) (42 U.S.C. 10416(e)(4)) is amended by striking all that follows `to the provision of services' and inserting `to underserved populations, as that term is used in section 303(a)(2)(C); and'.

TITLE VII--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THE WORKPLACE

SEC. 701. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that--

(1) victims and their families suffer from crime and its effects on a daily basis;

(2) domestic crime against adults accounts for approximately 15 percent of total crime costs in the United States each year;

(3) violence against women has been reported to be the leading cause of physical injury to women, and it has a devastating impact on women's physical and emotional health and financial security;

(4) the Department of Justice estimates that intimate partners commit more than 1,000,000 violent crimes against women every year;

(5) American workers who have been victims of crime too often suffer adverse consequences in the workplace as a result of their experiences as crime victims;

(6) crime victims are particularly vulnerable to changes in employment, pay, and benefits as a result of their victimizations, and are, therefore, in need of legal protection;

(7) the prevalence of violence against women at work is dramatic: homicide is the leading cause of death for women on the job; 8 percent of all rapes occur in the workplace; women who are victims of violent workplace crimes are twice as likely as men to know their attackers; husbands, boyfriends, and ex-partners commit 15 percent of workplace homicides against women; one study found that three-quarters of battered women who work were harassed by telephone by their abuser at work;

(8) nearly 50 percent of rape victims lose their employment or are forced to quit their jobs following the crime, and one quarter of battered women surveyed have lost a job due in part to the effects of domestic violence;

(9) the availability of economic support is a critical factor in battered women's ability to leave abusive situations that threaten them and their children, and over half of battered women surveyed stayed with their batterers because they lacked resources to support themselves and their children;

(10) according to the National Institute of Justice, crime costs an estimated $450,000,000,000 annually in medical expenses, lost earnings, social service costs, pain, suffering, and reduced quality of life for victims, all of which harm our Nation's productivity and drain our Nation's resources. Violent crime accounts for $426,000,000,000 of this amount;

(11) rape exacts the highest costs-per-victim of any criminal offense, an estimated total of $127,000,000,000 per year, and recent governmental estimates indicate that between 300,000 and 600,000 rapes and sexual assaults occur annually in the United States;

(12) other violent offenses take unacceptably high tolls on the economy as well, including assault ($93,000,000,000), murder ($71,000,000,000), drunk driving (excluding fatalities) ($61,000,000,000), and child abuse ($56,000,000,000);

(13) violent crime results in wage losses equivalent to 1 percent of all American earnings, causes 3 percent of the Nation's medical spending and 14 percent of injury-related medical spending;

(14) estimates show that employers pay between $3,000,000,000 and $5,000,000,000 annually to cover the cost of crimes against employees and their families;

(15) surveys of business executives and corporate security directors also underscore the heavy toll that workplace violence takes on American women, businesses, and interstate commerce;

(16) 94 percent of corporate security and safety directors at companies nationwide rank domestic violence as a high-risk security problem;

(17) 49 percent of senior executives recently surveyed said domestic violence has a harmful effect on their company's productivity, 47 percent said domestic violence negatively affects attendance, and 44 percent said domestic violence increases health care costs;

(18) only 12 States have enacted statutes forbidding employers from taking adverse action against employees who have been victims of crime and must participate in the criminal justice process during working hours, and no State explicitly protects crime victims from other adverse action which may result from their experiences and status as crime victims; and

(19) existing Federal law neither expressly authorizes battered women to take leave from work to seek legal assistance and redress, counseling, or assistance with safety planning activities nor does it protect crime victims from retaliation, discharge, or other workplace penalties that may result from their experiences and status as crime victims.

Subtitle A--National Clearinghouse on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault and the Workplace Grant

SEC. 711. NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT AND THE WORKPLACE GRANT.

(a) AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make a grant in accordance with this section to a private, nonprofit entity, tribal organization, or nonprofit private organization that meets the requirements of subsection (b) in order to provide for the establishment and operation of a national clearinghouse and resource center to provide information and assistance to employers, labor organizations, and domestic violence and sexual assault advocates in their efforts to develop and implement appropriate responses to assist victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(b) GRANTEES- Each applicant for a grant under subsection (a) shall submit to the Attorney General an application, which shall--

(1) demonstrate that the applicant--

(A) has a nationally recognized expertise in the area of domestic violence and sexual assault and a record of commitment and quality responses to reduce domestic violence and sexual assault; and

(B) will provide matching funds from non-Federal sources in an amount equal to not less than 10 percent of the total amount of the grant under this section; and

(2) include a plan to maximize, to the extent practicable, outreach to employers (including private companies, as well as public entities such as universities and State and local governments) in developing and implementing appropriate responses to assist employees who are victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(c) USE OF GRANT AMOUNT- A grant under subsection (a) may be used for staff salaries, travel expenses, equipment, printing, and other reasonable expenses necessary to assemble, maintain, and disseminate to employers, labor organizations, and domestic violence and sexual assault advocates information on and appropriate responses to domestic violence and sexual assault, including--

(1) training materials to promote a better understanding of appropriate assistance to employee victims;

(2) conferences and other educational opportunities;

(3) model protocols and workplace policies;

(4) employer and union sponsored victim services and outreach counseling; and

(5) assessments of the workplace costs of domestic violence and sexual assault.

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $500,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

(e) For purposes of this section:

(1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

Subtitle B--Victims' Employment Rights

SEC. 721. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Victims' Employment Rights Act'.

SEC. 722. PURPOSES.

The purposes of this subtitle are, pursuant to the affirmative power of Congress to enact legislation under section 5 of the 14th amendment to the Constitution and under the portion of section 8 of article I of the Constitution relating to regulation of commerce among the several States--

(1) to promote the national interest in ensuring that victims and survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking can recover from and cope with the effects of those crimes and participate in the criminal and civil justice processes without fear of adverse economic consequences from their employers;

(2) to minimize the negative impact on interstate commerce from dislocations of employees and decreases in productivity that may arise when employees are victimized by those crimes;

(3) to promote the purposes of the 14th amendment by addressing the failure of existing laws to protect the employment rights of victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking and by furthering the right of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking victims to employment free from discrimination; and

(4) to accomplish the purposes described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) in a manner that accommodates the legitimate interests of employers and protects the safety of all persons in the workplace.

SEC. 723. DEFINITIONS.

In this subtitle:

(1) EMPLOYEE-

(A) IN GENERAL- The term `employee' means any person employed by an employer. In the case of an individual employed by a public agency, such term means an individual employed as described in section 3(e) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203(e)).

(B) BASIS- The term includes a person employed as described in subparagraph (A) on a full- or part-time basis, for a fixed time period, on a temporary basis, pursuant to a detail, as an independent contractor, or as a participant in a work assignment as a condition of receipt of Federal or State income-based public assistance.

(2) EMPLOYER- The term `employer'--

(A) means any person engaged in commerce or in any industry or activity affecting commerce who employs individuals; and

(B) includes any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee, and includes a public agency, but does not include any labor organization (other than when acting as an employer) or anyone acting in the capacity of officer or agent of such labor organization.

(3) PERSON- The term `person' means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of individuals.

(4) PUBLIC AGENCY- The term `public agency' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).

SEC. 724. PROHIBITED DISCRIMINATORY ACTS.

An employer shall not fail to hire, refuse to hire, or discharge any individual, or otherwise discriminate (including retaliation in any form or manner) against any individual with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because the individual--

(1) is or is perceived to be a victim of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking;

(2) attended, participated in, prepared for, or requested leave to attend, participate in, or prepare for a criminal or civil court proceeding relating to an incident of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking of which the employee was a victim;

(3) requested an adjustment to a job structure or workplace facility, including a transfer, reassignment, or modified schedule, leave, a changed telephone number or seating assignment, or installation of a lock or implementation of a safety procedure, in response to actual or threatened domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking, regardless of whether the request was granted; or

(4) because the actions of a person who the employee states has committed or threatened to commit domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking against such employee or the employee's children has disrupted the workplace.

SEC. 725. ENFORCEMENT.

(a) CIVIL ACTION BY EMPLOYEES-

(1) LIABILITY- Any employer who violates section 724 shall be liable to any employee affected--

(A) for damages equal to the amount of wages, salary, employment benefits (as defined in section 101 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2611)), or any other compensation denied to or lost by such employee by reason of the violation, and the interest on that amount calculated at the prevailing rate;

(B) compensatory damages, including future pecuniary losses, emotional pain, suffering, inconvenience, mental anguish, loss of enjoyment or life, and other nonpecuniary losses;

(C) such punitive damages, up to 3 times the amount of actual damages sustained, as the finder of fact shall determine to be appropriate; and

(D) for such equitable relief as may be appropriate, including employment, reinstatement, and promotion.

(2) RIGHT OF ACTION- An action to recover the damages or equitable relief prescribed in paragraph (1) may be maintained against any employer (including a public agency) in any Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction by any one or more employees.

(b) ACTION BY DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE- The Attorney General may bring a civil action in any Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction to recover the damages described in subsection (a)(1).

SEC. 726. ATTORNEY'S FEES.

Section 722(b) of the Revised Statutes (42 U.S.C. 1988(b)) is amended in the last sentence, by inserting `the Victims' Employment Rights Act,' after `title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964,'.

Subtitle C--Workplace Violence Against Women Prevention Tax Credit

SEC. 731. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Workplace Violence Against Women Prevention Tax Credit Act'.

SEC. 732. CREDIT FOR COSTS TO EMPLOYERS OF IMPLEMENTING WORKPLACE SAFETY PROGRAMS TO COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

(a) IN GENERAL- Subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 45D. WORKPLACE SAFETY PROGRAM CREDIT.

`(a) IN GENERAL- For purposes of section 38, the workplace safety program credit determined under this section for the taxable year is, for any employer, an amount equal to 40 percent of the violence against women safety and education costs paid or incurred by such employer during the taxable year.

`(b) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

`(1) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN SAFETY AND EDUCATION COST-

`(A) IN GENERAL- The term `violence against women safety and education cost' means any cost certified by the Attorney General to the Secretary as being for the purpose of--

`(i) ensuring the safety of employees from violent crimes against women,

`(ii) providing assistance to employees, their spouses, and dependents of employees with respect to violent crimes against women,

`(iii) providing legal or medical services to employees and the spouses and dependents of employees subjected to, or at risk from, violent crimes against women,

`(iv) educating employees about the issue of violent crimes against women, or

`(v) implementing human resource or personnel policies initiated to protect employees from violent crimes against women or to support employees who have been victims of violent crimes against women.

`(B) TYPES OF COSTS- Such term includes costs certified by the Attorney General to the Secretary as being for the purpose of--

`(i) the hiring of new security personnel in order to address violent crimes against women,

`(ii) the creation of buddy systems or escort systems for walking employees to parking lots, parked cars, subway stations, or bus stops, in order to address violent crimes against women,

`(iii) the purchase or installation of new security equipment, including surveillance equipment, lighting fixtures, cardkey access systems, and identification systems, in order to address violent crimes against women,

`(iv) the establishment of an employee assistance line or other employee assistance services in order to address violent crimes against women, for the use of individual employees, including counseling or referral services undertaken in consultation and coordination with national, State, tribal, or local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions or programs,

`(v) the retention of an attorney to provide legal services to employees seeking restraining orders or other legal recourse from violent crimes against women,

`(vi) the establishment of medical services addressing the medical needs of employees who are victims of violent crimes against women,

`(vii) the retention of a financial expert or an accountant to provide financial counseling to employees seeking to escape from violent crimes against women,

`(viii) the establishment of an education program for employees, consisting of seminars or training sessions about violent crimes against women undertaken in consultation and coordination with national, State, tribal, or local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions or programs,

`(ix) studies of the cost, impact, or extent of violent crimes against women at the employer's place of business, if such studies are made available to the public and protect the identity of employees included in the study,

`(x) the publication of a regularly disseminated newsletter or other regularly disseminated educational materials about violent crimes against women,

`(xi) the implementation of leave policies for the purpose of allowing or accommodating the needs of victims of violent crimes against women to pursue legal redress against assailants, including leave from work to attend meetings with attorneys, to give evidentiary statements or depositions, and to attend hearings or trials in court,

`(xii) the implementation of flexible work policies for the purpose of allowing or accommodating the needs of employees who are victims of violent crimes against women, or employees at risk with respect to such crimes, to avoid assailants,

`(xiii) the implementation of transfer policies for the purpose of allowing or accommodating the needs of employees subjected to violent crimes against women to change office locations within the company in order to avoid assailants or to allow the transfer of an employee who has perpetrated violent crimes against women in

order to protect the victim, including payment of costs for the transfer and relocation of an employee to another city, county, State, or country for the purpose of maintaining an employee's safety from violent crimes against women, or

`(xiv) the provision of any of the services described in clauses (iv) through (viii) to the spouses or dependents of employees.

`(C) NOTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE TAX CONSEQUENCES- In no event shall any cost for goods or services which may be included in the income of any employee receiving or benefiting from such goods or services be treated as a violence against women safety and education cost unless the employer notifies the employee in writing of the possibility of such inclusion.

`(2) VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN-

`(A) IN GENERAL- The term `violent crimes against women' includes sexual assault and domestic violence.

`(B) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

`(C) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

`(3) EMPLOYEE AND EMPLOYER-

`(A) PARTNERS AND PARTNERSHIPS- The term `employee' includes a partner and the term `employer' includes a partnership.

`(B) RELATED PERSONS- Persons shall be treated as related to each other if such persons are treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52.

`(c) COORDINATION WITH OTHER PROVISIONS- No credit or deduction shall be allowed under any other provision of this title for any amount for which a credit is allowed under this section.'

(b) TREATMENT AS GENERAL BUSINESS CREDIT-

(1) IN GENERAL- Subsection (b) of section 38 of such Code (relating to general business credit) is amended by striking `plus' at the end of paragraph (11), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (12) and inserting `, plus', and by adding at the end the following:

`(13) the workplace safety program credit determined under section 45D.'

(2) TRANSITIONAL RULE FOR CARRYBACKS- Subsection (d) of section 39 of such Code (relating to transitional rules) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(9) NO CARRYBACK OF SECTION 45D CREDIT BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE- No portion of the unused business credit for any taxable year which is attributable to the workplace safety program credit determined under section 45D may be carried back to a taxable year beginning on or before the date of the enactment of section 45D.'

(3) DEDUCTION FOR UNUSED CREDITS- Subsection (c) of section 196 of such Code (relating to deduction for certain unused business credits) is amended by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (8) and inserting `, and', and by adding at the end the following:

`(9) the workplace safety program credit determined under section 45D.'

(c) CREDIT NOT A DEFENSE IN LEGAL ACTIONS- The allowance of a credit under section 45D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this subtitle) shall not absolve employers of their responsibilities under any other law and shall not be construed as a defense to any legal action (other than legal action by the Secretary of the Treasury under such Code).

(d) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections for subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following:

`Sec. 45D. Workplace safety program credit.'

(e) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

Subtitle D--Battered Women's Employment Protection

SEC. 741. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the `Battered Women's Employment Protection Act'.

SEC. 742. PURPOSES.

The purposes of this subtitle are, pursuant to the affirmative power of Congress to enact legislation under section 5 of the 14th amendment to the Constitution and under the portions of section 8 of article I of the Constitution relating to providing for the general welfare and to regulation of commerce among the several States--

(1) to promote the national interest in reducing domestic violence by enabling victims of domestic violence to maintain the financial independence necessary to leave abusive situations, to achieve safety and minimize the physical and emotional injuries from domestic violence, and to reduce the devastating economic consequences of domestic violence to employers and employees, by--

(A) providing unemployment insurance for victims of domestic violence who are forced to leave their employment as a result of domestic violence; and

(B) entitling employed victims of domestic violence to take reasonable leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) to seek medical help, legal assistance, counseling, and safety planning and assistance without penalty from their employers;

(2) to promote the purposes of the 14th amendment by protecting the civil and economic rights of victims of domestic violence and by furthering the equal opportunity of women for employment and economic self-sufficiency;

(3) to minimize the negative impact on interstate commerce from dislocations of employees and harmful effects on productivity, health care costs, and employer costs, caused by domestic violence; and

(4) to accomplish the purposes described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) in a manner that accommodates the legitimate interests of employers.

SEC. 743. UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION.

(a) UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION- Section 3304 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended--

(1) in subsection (a)--

(A) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (18);

(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (19) and inserting `; and'; and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:

`(20) compensation is to be provided where an individual is separated from employment due to circumstances directly resulting from the individual's experience of domestic violence.'; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

`(g) CONSTRUCTION-

`(1) IN GENERAL- For purposes of subsection (a)(20), an employee's separation from employment shall be treated as due to circumstances directly resulting from the individual's experience of domestic violence if the separation resulted from--

`(A) the employee's reasonable fear of future domestic violence at or en route to or from the employee's place of employment;

`(B) the employee's wish to relocate to another geographic area in order to avoid future domestic violence against the employee or the employee's family;

`(C) the employee's need to recover from traumatic stress resulting from the employee's experience of domestic violence;

`(D) the employer's denial of the employee's request for the temporary leave from employment authorized by section 102 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 to address domestic violence and its effects; or

`(E) any other circumstance in which domestic violence causes the employee to reasonably believe that termination of employment is necessary for the future safety of the employee or the employee's family.

`(2) REASONABLE EFFORTS TO RETAIN EMPLOYMENT- For purposes of subsection (a)(20), if State law requires the employee to have made reasonable efforts to retain employment as a condition for receiving unemployment compensation, such requirement shall be met if the employee--

`(A) sought protection from, or assistance in responding to, domestic violence, including calling the police or seeking legal, social work, medical, clerical, or other assistance;

`(B) sought safety, including refuge in a shelter or temporary or permanent relocation, whether or not the employee actually obtained such refuge or accomplished such relocation; or

`(C) reasonably believed that options such as taking a leave of absence, transferring jobs, or receiving an alternative work schedule would not be sufficient to guarantee the employee or the employee's family's safety.

`(3) ACTIVE SEARCH FOR EMPLOYMENT- For purposes of subsection (a)(20), if State law requires the employee to actively search for employment after separation from employment as a condition for receiving unemployment compensation, such requirement shall be treated as met where the employee is temporarily unable to actively search for employment because the employee is engaged in seeking safety or relief for the employee or the employee's family from domestic violence, including--

`(A) going into hiding or relocating or attempting to do so, including activities associated with such hiding or relocation, such as seeking to obtain sufficient shelter, food, schooling for children, or other necessities of life for the employee or the employee's family;

`(B) actively pursuing legal protection or remedies, including meeting with the police, going to court to make inquiries or file papers, meeting with attorneys, or attending court proceedings; or

`(C) participating in psychological, social, or religious counseling or support activities to assist the employee in coping with domestic violence.

`(4) PROVISION OF INFORMATION TO MEET CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS- In determining if an employee meets the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), the unemployment agency of the State in which an employee is requesting unemployment compensation by reason of subsection (a)(20) may require the employee to provide--

`(A) a written statement describing the domestic violence and its effects;

`(B) documentation of the domestic violence, such as police or court records, or documentation from a shelter worker or an employee of a domestic violence program, an attorney, a clergy member, or a medical or other professional from whom the employee has sought assistance in addressing domestic violence and its effects; or

`(C) other corroborating evidence, such as a statement from any other individual with knowledge of the circumstances which provide the basis for the claim, or physical evidence of domestic violence, such as photographs, torn or bloody clothes, or other damaged property.

All evidence of domestic violence experienced by an employee, including an employee's statement, any corroborating evidence, and the fact that an employee has applied for or inquired about unemployment compensation available by reason of subsection (a)(20) shall be retained in the strictest confidence of such State unemployment agency, except to the extent the disclosure is requested, or consented to, by the employee for the purpose of protecting the employee or the employee's family member's safety or assisting in documenting domestic violence for a court or agency.'.

(b) SOCIAL SECURITY PERSONNEL TRAINING- Section 303(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 503(a)) is amended by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (10) as paragraphs (5) through (11), respectively, and by adding after paragraph (3) the following:

`(4) Such methods of administration as will ensure that claims reviewers and hearing personnel are adequately trained in the nature and dynamics of domestic violence and in methods of ascertaining and keeping confidential information about possible experiences of domestic violence, so that employee separations stemming from domestic violence are reliably screened, identified, and adjudicated, and full confidentiality is provided for the employee's claim and submitted evidence.'.

(c) DEFINITIONS- Section 3306 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(u) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999.'.

SEC. 744. ENTITLEMENT TO LEAVE FOR ADDRESSING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE FOR NON-FEDERAL EMPLOYEES.

(a) DEFINITIONS- Section 101 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2611) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(14) ADDRESSING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ITS EFFECTS- The term `addressing domestic violence and its effects' means--

`(A) an inability to attend or perform work due to an incident of domestic violence, including an act or threat of violence, stalking, coercion, or harassment;

`(B) seeking medical attention for or recovering from injuries caused by domestic violence;

`(C) seeking legal assistance or remedies, including communicating with the police or an attorney, or participating in any legal proceeding, related to domestic violence;

`(D) obtaining services from a domestic violence shelter or program or rape crisis center;

`(E) obtaining psychological counseling related to experiences of domestic violence;

`(F) participating in safety planning and other actions to increase safety from future domestic violence, including temporary or permanent relocation; and

`(G) participating in any other activity necessitated by domestic violence that must be undertaken during the hours of employment involved.

`(15) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999.'.

(b) LEAVE REQUIREMENT- Section 102 of such Act (29 U.S.C. 2612) is amended--

(1) in subsection (a)(1), by adding at the end the following:

`(E) In order to care for the son, daughter, or parent of the employee, if such son, daughter, or parent is addressing domestic violence and its effects.

`(F) Because the employee is addressing domestic violence and its effects, which make the employee unable to perform the functions of the position of such employee.';

(2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:

`(3) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- Leave under subparagraph (E) or (F) of subsection (a)(1) may be taken by an eligible employee intermittently or on a reduced leave schedule. The taking of leave intermittently or on a reduced leave schedule pursuant to this paragraph shall not result in a reduction in the total amount of leave to which the employee is entitled under subsection (a) beyond the amount of leave actually taken.'; and

(3) in subsection (d)(2)(B), by striking `(C) or (D)' and inserting `(C), (D), (E), or (F)'.

(c) CERTIFICATION- Section 103 of such Act (29 U.S.C. 2613) is amended--

(1) in the title of the section, by inserting before the period the following: `; confidentiality'; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

`(f) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- In determining if an employee meets the requirements of subparagraph (E) or (F) of section 102(a)(1), the employer of an employee may require the employee to provide--

`(1) a written statement describing the domestic violence and its effects;

`(2) documentation of the domestic violence involved, such as a police or court record, or documentation from a shelter worker, attorney, member of the clergy, or medical or other professional from whom the employee has sought assistance in addressing domestic violence and its effects; or

`(3) other corroborating evidence, such as a statement from any other individual with knowledge of the circumstances that provide the basis for the claim of domestic violence, or physical evidence of domestic violence, such as a photograph, torn or bloody clothing, or any other damaged property.

`(g) CONFIDENTIALITY- All evidence provided to the employer under subsection (f) of domestic violence experienced by an employee or the son, daughter, or parent of an employee, including a statement of an employee, any other documentation or corroborating evidence, and the fact that an employee has requested leave for the purpose of addressing, or caring for a son, daughter, or parent who is addressing, domestic violence and its effects, shall be retained in the strictest confidence by the employer, except to the extent that disclosure is consented to, or requested by, the employee for the purpose of--

`(1) protecting the safety of the employee or the employee's family member or a coworker of the employee; or

`(2) assisting in documenting domestic violence for a court or agency.'.

SEC. 745. ENTITLEMENT TO LEAVE FOR ADDRESSING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES.

(a) DEFINITIONS- Section 6381 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--

(1) at the end of paragraph (5), by striking `and';

(2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

`(7) the term `addressing domestic violence and its effects' means--

`(A) an inability to attend or perform work due to an incident of domestic violence, including an act or threat of violence, stalking, coercion, or harassment;

`(B) seeking medical attention for or recovering from injuries caused by domestic violence;

`(C) seeking legal assistance or remedies, including communicating with the police or an attorney, or participating in any legal proceeding, related to domestic violence;

`(D) obtaining services from a domestic violence shelter or program or rape crisis center;

`(E) obtaining psychological counseling related to experiences of domestic violence;

`(F) participating in safety planning and other actions to increase safety from future domestic violence, including temporary or permanent relocation; and

`(G) participating in any other activity necessitated by domestic violence that must be undertaken during the hours of employment involved; and

`(8) the term `domestic violence' has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999.'.

(b) LEAVE REQUIREMENT- Section 6382 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in subsection (a)(1), by adding at the end the following:

`(E) In order to care for the son, daughter, or parent of the employee, if such son, daughter, or parent is addressing domestic violence and its effects.

`(F) Because the employee is addressing domestic violence and its effects, which make the employee unable to perform the functions of the position of such employee.';

(2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:

`(3) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- Leave under subparagraph (E) or (F) of subsection (a)(1) may be taken by an employee intermittently or on a reduced leave schedule. The taking of leave intermittently or on a reduced leave schedule pursuant to this paragraph shall not result in a reduction in the total amount of leave to which the employee is entitled under subsection (a) beyond the amount of leave actually taken.'; and

(3) in subsection (d), by striking `(C), or (D)' and inserting `(C), (D), (E), or (F)'.

(c) CERTIFICATION- Section 6383 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in the section heading, by adding at the end the following: `; confidentiality'; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

`(f) In determining if an employee meets the requirements of subparagraph (E) or (F) of section 6382(a)(1), the employing agency of an employee may require the employee to provide--

`(1) a written statement describing the domestic violence and its effects;

`(2) documentation of the domestic violence involved, such as a police or court record, or documentation from a shelter worker, attorney, member of the clergy, or medical or other professional from whom the employee has sought assistance in addressing domestic violence and its effects; or

`(3) other corroborating evidence, such as a statement from any other individual with knowledge of the circumstances that provide the basis for the claim of domestic violence, or physical evidence of domestic violence, such as a photograph, torn or bloody clothing, or other damaged property.

`(g) All evidence provided to the employing agency under subsection (f) of domestic violence experienced by an employee or the son, daughter, or parent of an employee, including a statement of an employee, any other documentation or corroborating evidence, and the fact that an employee has requested leave for the purpose of addressing, or caring for a son, daughter, or parent who is addressing, domestic violence and its effects, shall be retained in the strictest confidence by the employing agency, except to the extent that disclosure is--

`(1) consented to by the employee for the purpose of protecting the safety of the employee or a coworker of the employee; or

`(2) requested by the employee to document domestic violence for a court or agency.'.

SEC. 746. EXISTING LEAVE USABLE FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section:

(1) ADDRESSING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ITS EFFECTS- The term `addressing domestic violence and its effects' has the meaning given the term in section 101 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2611), as amended by section 744(a).

(2) EMPLOYEE- The term `employee' means any person employed by an employer. In the case of an individual employed by a public agency, such term means an individual employed as described in section 3(e) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203(e)).

(3) EMPLOYER- The term `employer'--

(A) means any person engaged in commerce or in any industry or activity affecting commerce who employs individuals, if such person is also subject to the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) or to any provision of a State or local law, collective bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan, addressing paid or unpaid leave from employment (including family, medical, sick, annual, personal, or similar leave); and

(B) includes any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to any employee, and includes a public agency, which is subject to a law, agreement, program, or plan described in subparagraph (A), but does not include any labor organization (other than when acting as an employer) or anyone acting in the capacity of officer or agent of such labor organization.

(4) EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS- The term `employment benefits' has the meaning given the term in section 101 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2611).

(5) PARENT; SON OR DAUGHTER- The terms `parent' and `son or daughter' have the meanings given the terms in section 101 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2611).

(6) PUBLIC AGENCY- The term `public agency' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).

(b) USE OF EXISTING LEAVE- An employee who is entitled to take paid or unpaid leave (including family, medical, sick, annual, personal, or similar leave) from employment, pursuant to State or local law, a collective bargaining agreement, or an employment benefits program or plan, shall be permitted to use such leave for the purpose of addressing domestic violence and its effects, or for the purpose of caring for a son or daughter or parent of the employee, if such son or daughter or parent is addressing domestic violence and its effects.

(c) CERTIFICATION- In determining whether an employee qualifies to use leave as described in subsection (b), an employer may require documentation of domestic violence or corroborating evidence consistent with section 103(f) of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2613(f)), as amended by section 744(c).

(d) CONFIDENTIALITY- All evidence provided to the employer under subsection (c) of domestic violence experienced by an employee or the son or daughter or parent of the employee, including a statement of an employee, any other documentation or corroborating evidence, and the fact that the employee has requested leave for the purpose of addressing, or caring for a son or daughter or parent who is addressing, domestic violence and its effects, shall be retained in the strictest confidence by the employer, except to the extent that disclosure is--

(1) consented to by the employee for the purpose of protecting the safety of the employee or a coworker of the employee; or

(2) requested by the employee to assist in documenting domestic violence for a court or agency.

(e) PROHIBITED ACTS-

(1) INTERFERENCE WITH RIGHTS-

(A) EXERCISE OF RIGHTS- It shall be unlawful for any employer to interfere with, restrain, or deny the exercise of or the attempt to exercise, any right provided under subsection (b).

(B) DISCRIMINATION- It shall be unlawful for any employer to discharge or in any other manner discriminate against an individual for opposing any practice made unlawful by subparagraph (A).

(2) INTERFERENCE WITH PROCEEDINGS OR INQUIRIES- It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any individual because such individual--

(A) has filed any charge, or had instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding, under or related to this section;

(B) has given, or is about to give, any information in connection with any inquiry or proceeding relating to any right provided under subsection (b); or

(C) has testified, or is about to testify, in any inquiry or proceeding relating to any right provided under subsection (b).

(f) ENFORCEMENT-

(1) PUBLIC ENFORCEMENT- The Secretary of Labor shall have the powers set forth in subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e) of section 107 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2617) for the purpose of public agency enforcement of any alleged violation of subsection (e) against any employer.

(2) PRIVATE ENFORCEMENT- The remedies and procedures set forth in subsection (a) of section 107 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 shall be the remedies and procedures pursuant to which an employee may initiate a legal action against an employer for alleged violations of subsection (e).

(3) REFERENCES- For purposes of paragraph (1) and (2), references in section 107 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 to section 105 of such Act shall be considered to be references to subsection (e) of this section.

(4) EMPLOYER LIABILITY UNDER OTHER LAWS- Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the liability of an employer to an employee for harm suffered relating to the employee's experience of domestic violence pursuant to any other Federal or State law, including a law providing for a legal remedy.

SEC. 747. EFFECT ON OTHER LAWS AND EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.

(a) MORE PROTECTIVE LAWS, AGREEMENTS, PROGRAMS, AND PLANS- Nothing in this subtitle or the amendments made by this subtitle shall be construed to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, or local law, collective bargaining agreement, or other employment benefits program or plan that provides greater unemployment compensation or leave benefits for employed victims of domestic violence than the rights established under this subtitle or such amendments.

(b) LESS PROTECTIVE LAWS, AGREEMENTS, PROGRAMS, AND PLANS- The rights established for employees under this subtitle or the amendments made by this subtitle shall not be diminished by any State or local law, collective bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan.

SEC. 748. EFFECTIVE DATE.

(a) GENERAL RULE- Except as provided in subsection (b), this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle take effect 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

(b) UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION-

(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by section 743 shall apply in the case of compensation paid for weeks beginning on or after the expiration of 180 days from the date of enactment of this Act.

(2) MEETING OF STATE LEGISLATURE-

(A) IN GENERAL- If the Secretary of Labor identifies a State as requiring a change to its statutes or regulations in order to comply with the amendments made by section 743, the amendments made by section 743 shall apply in the case of compensation paid for weeks beginning after the earlier of--

(i) the date the State changes its statutes or regulations in order to comply with the amendments made by this section; or

(ii) the end of the first session of the State legislature which begins after the date of enactment of this Act or which began prior to such date and remained in session for at least 25 calendar days after such date;

except that in no case shall the amendments made by this Act apply before the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

(B) SESSION DEFINED- In this paragraph, the term `session' means a regular, special, budget, or other session of a State legislature.

Subtitle E--Education and Training Grants To Promote Responses to Violence Against Women

SEC. 751 EDUCATION AND TRAINING GRANTS TO PROMOTE APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

(a) AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make grants in accordance with this section to public and private nonprofit nongovernmental entities including tribally chartered organizations and nonprofit organizations operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation whose governing body reflects the populations served that, in the determination of the Attorney General, have--

(1) recognized expertise in the area of domestic violence and sexual assault;

(2) a record of commitment and quality responses to reduce domestic violence and sexual assault; and

(3) demonstrated collaboration and cooperation with groups or individuals with recognized expertise in assisting individuals who are eligible for the grants described in subsection (b).

(b) GRANTS-

(1) PURPOSE- Grants under subsection (a) shall be used for the purposes of developing, testing, presenting, and disseminating model programs to provide education and training to individuals likely to come into contact with victims of domestic violence or sexual assault or the dependents of domestic violence or sexual assault victims due to their employment responsibilities, including--

(A) campus personnel, such as administrators, housing officers, resident advisers, counselors, and others;

(B) caseworkers, supervisors, administrators, administrative law judges, and other individuals administering Federal and State benefits programs, such as child welfare and child protective services, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, social security disability, child support, Medicaid, unemployment, workers' compensation, and similar programs;

(C) justice system professionals, such as court personnel, guardians ad litem and other individuals appointed to represent or evaluate children, probation and parole officers, bail commissioners, judges, immigration judges, immigration officers, and attorneys;

(D) mental and behavioral health professionals, such as psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, therapists, counselors, and others;

(E) religious professionals and lay employees;

(F) professionals who regularly work with children such as child care providers, both center and home-based, teachers, school administrators, school counselors, and school health care professionals; and

(G) health care professionals, such as those from the fields of medicine, osteopathy, and nursing, physicians' assistants, and allied health professionals.

(2) PRIORITY- In awarding such grants, the Attorney General shall give priority to the individual areas, professions, and personnel described in subparagraphs (A) through (G) of paragraph (1) that are currently being supported less extensively by other Federal, State, and private funding sources, as well as those that address the needs of underserved populations (as that term is defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) as amended by section 651(c)).

(3) TRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS ELIGIBILITY- Nothing shall preclude tribally chartered organizations and nonprofit organizations located within the boundaries of an Indian reservation from eligibility for grants under this section.

(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 each for domestic violence and sexual assault programs for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

(d) For purposes of this section:

(1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term `domestic violence' includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

Subtitle F--Workers' Compensation

SEC. 761. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING WORKPLACE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND WORKERS' COMPENSATION.

(a) FINDINGS- Congress finds the following:

(1) Women are frequently denied legal redress to recover for losses that have resulted from the workplace violence.

(2) Women are denied workers' compensation recovery if they are deemed not to have suffered a physical injury after they are raped.

(3) In approximately half the States, interpretations of State workers' compensation laws may preclude women from pursuing legal claims resulting from workplace violence, for example, for an employer's negligence that resulted in the violence, consequently recovery may be limited to the amount permitted by workers' compensation statutes.

(4) Other States recognize that workplace violence against women, including rapes and sexual assault, may fall within various exceptions to State workers' compensation laws.

Affording victims of workplace violence against women access to legal redress outside the workers' compensation system will assist women in recovering from violent crimes, encourage employers to take all reasonable preventive measures, and help improve the productivity and safety of American workplaces.

(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that--

(1) State workers' compensation laws should provide benefits to women who are victims of workplace violence who are eligible for such benefits, including full compensation for physical and nonphysical injuries; and

(2) State workers' compensation laws should also permit the employee to pursue an action at law against an employer, other than statutory workers' compensation benefits, based on the employer's role in the act of workplace violence.

TITLE VIII--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN INTERVENTION, PREVENTION, AND EDUCATION RESEARCH

SEC. 801. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN INTERVENTION, PREVENTION, AND EDUCATION RESEARCH.

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (108 Stat. 1902), as amended by section 603, is amended by adding at the end of that title the following:

`Subtitle I--Violence Against Women Intervention, Prevention, and Education Research

`SEC. 40901. FINDINGS.

`(a) FINDINGS- Congress finds the following:

`(1) According to a Panel on Research on Violence Against Women convened by the National Research Council in response to the mandates by of this Act--

`(A) significant gaps exist in understanding the extent and causes of violence against women and the impact and the effectiveness of education, prevention, and intervention initiatives;

`(B) funding for research on violence against women is disbursed to numerous Federal agencies with no mechanism through which to coordinate these efforts or to link the Federal agencies with other federally sponsored research initiatives; and

`(C) research on violence against women would benefit from an infrastructure that supports interdisciplinary efforts and aids in integrating these efforts into practice and policy.

`(2) Despite the increased funding to prevent and respond to violence against women in underserved populations, few studies have examined incidence and prevalence data from the perspective of racial, ethnic, language, age, disability, and other underserved populations. Moreover, little is known about the types of education, prevention, and intervention strategies that are most effective in underserved populations.

`(3) Most studies currently focus on aspects of domestic violence related to physical abuse. Few studies explore the harm caused by emotional and psychological abuse and the appropriate intervention and preventions strategies for victims experiencing this form of abuse.

`(4) Violence exposure as a risk factor for disease must be examined for a range of diseases and diagnoses to better understand the correlation between violence and disease, including the intervening variables.

`(5) Violence against women occurs within the context of a sociocultural environment which must be studied in order to foster a greater understanding of the factors that cause violence against women and allow it to persist, as well as to provide a framework for developing and assessing education, prevention, and intervention strategies to eradicate this epidemic form of violence.

`SEC. 40902. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.

`(a) PURPOSES- The Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Attorney General, in consultation with national nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations whose primary expertise is in domestic violence and sexual assault, shall establish a multiagency task force to coordinate research on violence against women. The task force shall be comprised of representatives from all Federal agencies that fund such research.

`(b) USES OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated under this section shall be used to--

`(1) develop a coordinated strategy to strengthen research focused on violence against women education, prevention, and intervention strategies;

`(2) track and report all Federal research and expenditures on violence against women;

`(3) identify gaps in violence against women research and develop criteria for all Federal agencies for evaluating research proposals, with such criteria taking into account the individual context as well as the broad social and cultural context of womens' lives; and

`(4) set priorities for research efforts that explore factors such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, age, language, sexual orientation, disability, and other factors that shape the context and experience of violence in women's lives.

`(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for each of

the fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 to fulfill the purposes of this section.

`SEC. 40903. EDUCATION, PREVENTION, AND INTERVENTION RESEARCH GRANTS.

`(a) PURPOSES- The Department of Health and Human Services in consultation with the Department of Justice shall make grants to entities, including domestic violence and sexual assault organizations, research organizations, tribal organizations, and academic institutions to support research to further the understanding of the causes of violence against women and to evaluate violence against women education, prevention, and intervention programs.

`(b) USE OF FUNDS- The research conducted under this section shall include the following areas:

`(1) Longitudinal research to study the developmental trajectory of violent behavior against women and the way such violence differs from other violent behaviors.

`(2) An examination of the risk factors for sexual and intimate partner violence for victims and perpetrators, such as poverty, childhood victimization and other traumas.

`(3) An examination of the short- and long-term efforts of programs designed to prevent sexual and intimate partner violence.

`(4) An examination of the risk factors, intervention strategies, education, and prevention programs for sexual and intimate partner violence in Indian country, including the availability, accessibility, and effectiveness of education and prevention programs.

`(5) Outcome evaluations of interventions targeted at children and teenagers.

`(6) An examination of and documentation of the processes and informal strategies that women employ in attempting to manage and end the violence in their lives.

`(7) The development, testing, and evaluation of the economic and health benefits of effective methods of screening and service delivery at all points of entry to the health care system, including mental health, emergency medicine, primary care, obstetrics, gynecology, and pediatrics and an assessment of the direct and indirect health care costs of domestic violence.

`(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There shall be authorized to be appropriated $6,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002.

`SEC. 40904. ADDRESSING GAPS IN RESEARCH.

`(a) PURPOSES- The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in conjunction with the Attorney General, shall make grants to domestic violence and sexual assault organizations, research organizations, tribal organizations, and academic institutions for the purpose of expanding knowledge about violence against women, with a particular emphasis on women in underserved populations (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) as amended by section 651(c)).

`(b) USES OF FUNDS- Grants made under subsection (a) shall be used as follows:

`(1) To develop national- and community-level survey studies to measure the incidence and prevalence of violence against women in underserved populations and the ways such women define and describe their experience of violence.

`(2) To develop qualitative and quantitative research to understand how factors such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, age, language, alienage, disability, and sexual orientation shape the context and experience of violence in women's lives, as well as the education, prevention, and intervention strategies available to women and girls to combat such violence.

`(3) To develop qualitative and quantitative research to understand the impact of domestic violence on the workplace, costs to employers, and the effectiveness of workplace-based domestic violence prevention programs.

`(4) To study the availability, accessibility, and effectiveness of State and local legal remedies to victims of intimate partner violence within the context of same sex intimate relationships.

`(5) To study violence against women in underserved populations as a risk factor for diseases from a multivariate perspective.

`(6) To examine the dynamics of emotional and psychological abuse, its prevalence, its effects on women, and the availability of education, prevention, and intervention strategies to address this type of abuse.

`(7) To study the effectiveness of State and local legal remedies available to victims of sexual assault and child sexual assault.

`(8) To study the use of nonjudicial alternative dispute resolution (such as mediation, negotiation, conciliation, and restorative justice models) in cases where domestic violence is a factor, and to compare nonjudicial alternative dispute resolution and traditional judicial methods based upon the following criteria: the quality of representation of the victim, the training and competency of mediators and other facilitators, the satisfaction of the parties, the outcome of the proceedings, and any other relevant factors that may be identified.

`(9) To examine effective models that address domestic violence in child protective services and child welfare agencies, with particular emphasis on those models that document the scope of the problem, identify the risk of harm that perpetrators of domestic violence pose to children and their parents, and the best practices for addressing domestic violence in the child welfare and child protection context.

`(10) The examination of the extent to which child care and other supportive services are offered to children who are the victims of domestic violence or the dependents of such victims by shelters, including surveying shelters to determine the numbers of women and children served and the extent to which shelter staff have training or contact with professionals in fields of child development, collecting information on shelters that provide on-site child care or have collaborative relationships with nearby child care providers, and examining relationships between shelters and nearby schools attended by children using shelter services.

`(11) Other such research as may be determined by the Task Force established under section 40902 in consultation with domestic violence and sexual assault advocates, coalitions, national experts, and researchers.

`(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated $4,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 to carry out this section.

`SEC. 40905. SENTENCING STUDY.

`The United States Sentencing Commission shall study the following and issue a report to Congress:

`(1) The sentences given to persons incarcerated in Federal and State prison for assault or homicide in which the relationship of the inmate to the victim was that of spouse, former spouse, or intimate partner.

`(2) The role of the use of illicit drugs and alcohol in sentencing imposed for domestic violence offenses involving assault or homicide.

`(3) The extent to which acts of domestic violence, including coercion, committed against a defendant, may have played a role in the commission of the assault or homicide offense.

`(4) The role of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, geographic location, age, language, sexual orientation, disability, or any other relevant factors that would enhance understanding of the problem.

`(5) Recommendations that would provide for a downward adjustment in applicable sentencing guidelines' determinations with respect to the offenses described in this section.

`SEC. 40906. RESEARCH ON PREGNANCY AND SEXUAL ASSAULT.

`(a) PURPOSES- The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in conjunction with the Attorney General, shall award grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental entities, including sexual assault organizations, research organizations, tribal organizations, and academic institutions, to gather qualitative and quantitative data on the experiences of women and girls, within State and tribal health care, judicial, and social services systems, whose pregnancy resulted from a rape or sexual assault.

`(b) USE OF FUNDS- Research funded by a grant under subsection (a) shall include the following issues:

`(1) The incidence and prevalence of pregnancy resulting from rape or sexual assault, including the ages of the victim and perpetrator and the relationship of the perpetrator to the victim (such as blood relation, acquaintance, intimate partner, spouse, household member, etc.).

`(2) The degree to which State and tribal adoption, child custody, visitation, child support, parental termination, and child welfare criminal justice laws and policies serve the needs of women and girls whose pregnancy resulted from a rape or sexual assault.

`(3) The impact of State and tribal social services rules, policies, and procedures on women and girls whose pregnancy resulted from a rape or sexual assault and the children born as a result of such rape or sexual assault. Such rules, policies, and procedures shall include paternity establishment, family cap, medicaid, and other health benefits.

`(4) The availability of public or private legal, medical, mental health, counseling, financial, and

other forms of assistance to women and girls whose pregnancy resulted from a rape or sexual assault and the children born as a result of such rape or sexual assault, including the extent to which racial, ethnic, language, geographic, alienage status, disability, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic barriers exist in accessing assistance for such women and girls.

`(5) Recommendations for improvements in State and tribal health care, judicial, and social services systems to address the needs of women and girls whose pregnancy resulted from rape or sexual assault and the children born as a result of such rape or sexual assault.

`(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $500,000 for fiscal year 2000.

`SEC. 40907. STATUS REPORT ON LAWS REGARDING RAPE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT OFFENSES.

`(a) STUDY- The Attorney General, in consultation with national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions and programs, including nationally and tribally recognized experts on sexual assault, the judiciary, the legal profession, psychological associations, and sex offender treatment providers, shall conduct a national study to examine the status, implementation, and effectiveness of the laws with respect to rape and sexual assault offenses in addressing such crimes and protecting the victims of such crimes. The Attorney General may use the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the Office for Victims of Crime in carrying out the purposes of this section.

`(b) REPORT- Based on the study required under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall prepare a report analyzing the uniformity of Federal, State, and tribal rape and sexual assault laws, including sex offenses committed against children, and the comparative effectiveness of such laws in prosecuting the crimes of rape and sexual assault. The report shall address--

`(1) the definitions of rape and sexual assault, and any exceptions, including marital rape exceptions and any downgrading provisions;

`(2) the element of consent and coercive conduct, including deceit;

`(3) the element of physical resistance and affirmative nonconsent as a precondition for conviction;

`(4) the element of force, including penetration as an aggravating factor and the use of coercion;

`(5) evidentiary matters, including--

`(A) inferences, including the timeliness of the complaint under the Model Penal Code;

`(B) posttraumatic stress disorder (including rape trauma syndrome) and the relevancy, scope, and admissibility of such evidence;

`(C) rape shield laws, including in camera evidentiary determinations;

`(D) prior bad acts;

`(E) corroboration requirements and cautionary jury instructions; and

`(F) the use of victim polygraphs, voice analysis, and other truth-assessment devices;

`(6) the existence of special rules for rape and sexual assault offenses;

`(7) the use of experts;

`(8) sentencing, including--

`(A) plea bargains;

`(B) presentence reports;

`(C) recidivism and remorse;

`(D) adolescents;

`(E) psychological injuries;

`(F) gravity of crime and trauma to victims; and

`(G) race;

`(9) the personal or professional relationship between the perpetrator and the victim; and

`(10) a law reform recommendation of the Attorney General in consultation with national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions and programs, including nationally and tribally recognized experts on sexual assault as described in section 40907(a) to foster uniformity among the Federal, State, and tribal jurisdictions to more effectively address rape and sexual assault offenses while safeguarding due process.

`(c) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `rape and sexual assault offenses' includes carnal knowledge of a child, abduction with intent to defile, indecent liberties, bestiality, forcible sodomy, sexual penetration with an animate or inanimate object, forced sexual intercourse (labia majora penetration or anus penetration), cunnilingus, fellatio, anallingus, anal intercourse, sexual battery, aggravated sexual battery, and sexual abuse, accomplished by use of force, threats, or intimidation.

`(d) FINDINGS- The Attorney General shall ensure that no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subtitle, the study required under subsection (a) is completed and a report describing the findings is submitted to Congress.

`(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- There is authorized to be appropriated $200,000 to carry out the study required by this section.

`SEC. 40908. RESEARCH CENTERS.

`The Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Attorney General shall establish 3 research centers to support the development of research and training programs which focus on violence against women, to provide mechanisms for collaboration between researchers and practitioners, and to provide technical assistance for integrating research into the provision of services. Each Center shall be organized around a research area relevant to violence against women, such as epidemiology, correlates, causes, and risk factors, and prevention and intervention evaluation strategies. At least one of the centers shall be established at an entity other than an academic institution. There are authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2002 to carry out this section.'.

END

 


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