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Immigrants Of The Day: Bruno Bettelheim of Austria, Victoria Tennant of United Kingdom, and Michele Bohbot of Morocco

by Kevin R. Johnson

Bruno Bettelheim (Austria)

Bruno Bettelheim (1903–1990) was an Austrian-born writer and child psychologist. He is widely known for his studies of autism.

Bruno Bettelheim is also the author of The Uses of Enchantment, published in 1976, in which he discussed the meaning and importance of fairy tales. Bettelheim suggests that if children are allowed to read and interpret these fairy tales in their own way, they will get a greater sense of meaning and purpose in their lives. The book was awarded the U.S. Critic's Choice Prize for criticism in 1976 and the National Book Award in the category of Contemporary Thought in 1977.

Upon his father's death, Bettelheim was forced to leave university in order to care for his family's lumber business. After ten years, Bettelheim returned as a mature student in his 30s to the University of Vienna, from which he received his Ph.D.

Bettelheim was interned at Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps from 1938 to 1939. He was released along with hundreds of other prisoners. Bettleheim arrived by ship in New York in 1939 and soon moved to Chicago, becoming a naturalized U.S.citizen in 1944.

Bettelheim eventually became a professor of psychology, teaching at the University of Chicago from 1944 until his retirement in 1973. The most significant part of Bettelheim's professional life was spent serving as director of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School at the University of Chicago, a home for emotionally disturbed children. He wrote books on both normal and abnormal child psychology and was respected by many during his lifetime.

March 28, 2008 | Permalink

Victoria Tennant (United Kingdom)

Tennant Victoria Tennant (born September 30, 1950) is a film and television actress, once nominated for a Golden Globe. Tennant was born in London, England to a Russian prima ballerina and her husband, Cecil Tennant, an English producer and talent agent. Laurence Olivier was Tennant's godfather.

Tennant attended the Central School of Speech and Drama at the University of London. Her second husband was the American actor and comedian Steve Martin (1986-1994); she starred opposite him in All of Me and LA Story.

In addition to being a UK national and citizen, Tennant is also a naturalized American citizen.

March 31, 2008 | Permalink

Michele Bohbot (Morocco)

Michele Bohbot (born in 1960 in Fez, Morocco) is a fashion designer and retailer. At 19, Bohbot moved to Paris where she studied philosophy and law at the Sorbonne.

Bobhot currently resides in Los Angeles. She started her fashion career in Paris where she opened her first fashion outlet called "Micky 1". She went on to open and manage a number of retail stores that she and Marc owned around Paris. In 1987, Bobhot left France with her husband and children and settled in Los Angeles. She convinced her husband to set up a business with the vision of bringing Parisian street fashion with a modern style to American women. With a total of $6,000, she teamed up with a seamstress from her husbands failed jeans business, bought fabric, rented a studio, and launched her collection under her own label Bobhot , French slang meaning, “a little kiss.” Initially, they only sold jeans, but over time the collection grew to incorporate sportswear, denim and dresses, along with licensees for shoes, outerwear, handbags, and accessories.

In its 20 year history, BISOU-BISOU has become a global fashion leader, exceeding $80 million in annual revenues and employing 350 people. With offices in Los Angeles, New York, and Paris, BISOU-BISOU has come to sell its garments on the international market at high-end department stores all over the world.

In October 2001, Bobhot was recognized as the “Best Contemporary Designer” at the Dallas Fashion Awards. In April of 2002, she was honored as one of “The Leading Women Entrepreneurs of the World.” In February 2008, she was named as Esteemed Entrepreneur of the Year at The RAW SPIRIT AWARDS.

April 15, 2008 | Permalink

These posts were orginally posted on the ImmigrationProf Blog here, here and here.

About The Author

Kevin R. Johnson is currently Dean, Professor of Law and Chicana/o Studies, and the Mabie-Apallas Public Interest Law Chair holder at the University of California at Davis. He is also one of the editors of ImmigrationProf Blog .

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinion of ILW.COM.