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Immigrants Of The Day: Jacqueline Rebecca Louise de Rothschild of France, Anita Pallenberg of Italy, and Ruth Prawer Jhabvala of Germany

by Kevin R. Johnson

Jacqueline Rebecca Louise de Rothschild (France)

Rothschild_2 Jacqueline Rebecca Louise de Rothschild (born 1911 in Paris, France) is a chess and tennis champion, author, sculptor and a member of the Rothschild banking family of France. According to her memoir Jump in the Waves, her family had to flee France due to in the Nazi occupation during World War II.

Jacqueline de Rothschild and her husband settled in New York i n 1940. They lived in Philadelphia for several years before moving to Los Angeles in 1949.

As an American citizen, Jacqueline Piatigorsky, a name that she took upon marriage, won numerous national tennis championships.  Her passion for the game of chess led to a second career during which she represented the United States in the first woman's Chess Olympiad and won a bronze medal. In the 1960s, she was the highest USCF-rated female chess player in California and ranked No. 2 in the United States.

Piatigorsky is a patron of the arts and in 1985 created an endowment for the New England Conservatory of Music to provide the "New England Conservatory/Piatigorsky Artist Award." In her forties, she developed an interest in sculpting. A Los Angeles area gallery put on the first exhibition of her works in 1976.

Widowed at the age of sixty-five, she has continued working and playing tennis into her nineties.

February 29, 2008 | Permalink

Anita Pallenberg (Italy)

Pallenberg73 Anita Pallenberg (born January 25, 1944 in Rome, Italy) is a model, actress and fashion designer. She was the common-law wife of Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards from 1967 to 1980. The daughter of an Italian artist and a German secretary, Anita became fluent in four languages at an early age. Before settling in London, she lived in Germany and New York City, where she was involved with the Living Theater (starring in the play Paradise Now) and Andy Warhol's Factory.   Pallenberg is a naturalized US citizen.

Pallenberg's influence over the development and presentation of the Rolling Stones from the late sixties throughout the seventies was significant. Just weeks before the scheduled release date, tracks on the classic album Beggars Banquet, for example, were brought back into the studio and remixed when Pallenberg found them wanting. Pallenberg is credited as singing background vocals on "Sympathy for the Devil." Besides her influence over the Stones' musical content, her interest in the occult was a featured style component in the Stones concerts and public presentation.

Pallenberg has appeared in more than a dozen films. Most notably, she appeared in Roger Vadim's cult-classic sci-fi film Barbarella, Dillinger Is Dead, and Performance. She also has appeared in documentaries about the Rolling Stones.

Pallenberg became a fashion designer during the 1990s, after four years at London's St. Martins School of Art and Design. She now divides her time between New York City and Europe.

March 19, 2008 | Permalink

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (Germany)

Ruthprawerjhabvala1sized Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (born May 7, 1927) is a prize-winning novelist, short story writer, and two-time Academy Award-winning screenwriter. She is perhaps best known for her long collaboration with Merchant Ivory Productions, made up of director James Ivory and the late producer Ismail Merchant. Their films have won six Academy Awards.

Ruth Prawer was born in Cologne, Germany and her family fled the Nazis in 1939. During World War II, she lived in London and experienced the Blitz. She became a British citizen in 1948.

Prawer received her MA in English literature from Queen Mary College, University of London in 1951. She married Cyrus H. Jhabvala, an architect, in 1951 amd moved to New Delhi, India.

In 1975, Ruthe Prawer Jhabvala moved to New York and began to divide her time between India and the United States. In 1986, she became a naturalized citizen of the United States.

While living in India during the 1950s, Jhabvala began to write novels about her life there: To Whom She Will (1955), Nature of Passion (1956), Esmond in India (1957), The Householder (1960) and Get Ready for the Battle (1962). Many of her short stories appeared first in the New Yorker. In 1975, she won the Booker Prize, the most prestigious literary award for the English language in the Commonwealth, for her novel Heat and Dust.

In 1963, Jhabvala was approached by filmmakers James Ivory and Ismail Merchant to write a screenplay of her 1960 novel The Householder. The film, The Householder, was released by Merchant Ivory Productions in 1963 this began a partnership that would produce over 20 films. The next Merchant-Ivory project Shakespeare Wallah (1965), was a critical success, and it was followed by a number of other collaborations between the three, including an adaptation of Jhabvala's novel Heat and Dust, (1983); A Room with a View (1985), for which she won her first Oscar; Mr. and Mrs. Bridge (1990); Howards End (1992), her second Oscar win; and The Remains of the Day (1993), for which she was nominated for a third Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay.  Jhabvala's latest screenplay is The City of Your Final Destination (2008), based on the novel of the same name by Peter Cameron.

In 1984, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala was honored with a MacArthur Foundation Award.

March 20, 2008 | Permalink

These posts were orginally posted on the ImmigrationProf Blog here, here and here.

About The Author

Kevin R. Johnson is currently Dean, Professor of Law and Chicana/o Studies, and the Mabie-Apallas Public Interest Law Chair holder at the University of California at Davis. He is also one of the editors of ImmigrationProf Blog .

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinion of ILW.COM.