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Immigrants Of The Day: Inbee Park of South Korea, Elizabeth Blackwell of England, and Brigadier General Robert L. "Bob" Cardenas of Mexico

by Kevin R. Johnson

Inbee Park (South Korea)

Pp_park_inbee_lg Inbee Park (born on July 12, 1988, in Seoul) is a professional golfer.

Park began playing golf at the age of 10. After moving to the United States, she won nine events on the American Junior Golf Association (AJGA) circuit and was a five-time Rolex Junior All-American. She was a semifinalist at the 2003 U.S. Women’s Amateur Championship. Park won the 2002 U.S. Girls’ Junior Championship and finished as runner-up in both 2003 and 2005

In 2006, after graduating from high school, Nevada, Park appealed to the LPGA for permission to attempt to qualify for the LPGA as a 17-year old. LPGA rules generally require that a player be 18 to join the Tour. The LPGA denied Park's request, so she enrolled at the University of Nevada Las Vegas but soon after dropped out and turned professional, playing on the Duramed FUTURES Tour where the age of entry had recently been lowered to 17.  In 2006, Park recorded 11 top-10 finishes on the FUTURES Tour. She finished third on the FUTURES Tour season-ending money list to earn exempt status on the LPGA Tour for the 2007 season.

During the 2007 season, Park tied for fourth at the U.S. Women's Open and tied for second at the Safeway Classic.

On 29 June 2008, Park won the U.S. Women's Open at Interlachen Country Club in Edina, Minnesota for her first LPGA win. At 19, she was the youngest player to win the title. In four rounds, she shot 72-69-71-71 to score 9-under-par, winning the tournament by 4 strokes.

For more about Inbee Park, click here.

Elizabeth Blackwell (England)

225pxelizabeth_blackwell Elizabeth Blackwell (1821–1910) was an abolitionist, women's rights activist, and the first female doctor in the United States. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school (M.D.) and a pioneer in educating women in medicine.

Blackwell was born on February 3, 1821 in Bristol, England.  In 1832, the family immigrated to the United States.

Blackwell attended Geneva Medical College in New York.  On January 11, 1849, she became the first woman to earn a medical degree in the United States, graduating at the top of her class. In 1857 Elizabeth along with her sister Emily and Dr. Marie Zakrzewska, founded their own infirmary, named the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children. During the Civil War, Elizabeth trained many women to be nurses and sent them to the Union Army.

After the war, Elizabeth had time, in 1868, to establish a Women's Medical College at the Infirmary to train women, physicians, and doctors. In 1869 she left her sister Emily in charge of the College and returned to England. There, with Florence Nightingale, she opened the Women's Medical College. Blackwell taught at the newly created London School of Medicine for Women and accepted a chair in gynecology. She was also the first female physician and doctor in the UK Medical Register.

Brigadier General Robert L. “Bob” Cardenas (Mexico)

300pxrobert_l_cardenas_1969 Cardenasportrait

Robert “Bob” L. Cardenas (born March 10, 1920) is a retired Brigadier General of the United States Air Force.

He was born in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. When he was five, his family moved to San Diego, California.

In 1939, while attending San Diego State, he decided to enlist as a private in the California National Guard. In 1940, General Cardenas became an aviation cadet. He graduated, received his pilot wings and was commission a second lieutenant in the Army Air Corps in July of 1941. In 1942, he was sent to Twentynine Palms, California to help establish the Army Air Corps Glider School.

In 1944, he was assigned to the 506th Bombardment Squadron, 44th Bomb Group, also known the Flying 8-balls based in RAF Shipdham, England.

In November 1944, he attended Central Instructors School for B-24 at Smyrna, Tennessee. After graduation he became a test pilot and was then assigned to Wright Field, Ohio. While at Wright Field, he attended Experimental Flight Test School and later became assistant chief, Bomber Section, and chief, Bomber Operations Section, Flight Test Division.

In 1945, he started piloting experimental aircraft. He piloted a captured German jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262 and the Arado Ar 234 bomber. Cardenas also piloted the XB-42 Mixmaster and XB-43 Jetmaster. He was assigned chief test pilot for bomber aircraft and flew all prototypes of that class for the next four years. In 1947, he was assigned the Officer in Charge of Operations and was the command pilot for the B-29 Superfortress that launched Captain Chuck Yeager in the supersonic experimental aircraft, Bell X-1. Then in 1948, Major Cardenas was the Officer in Charge of Flight Test Division at Muroc Air Force Base and was Chief Air Force Test Pilot of the Northrop YB-49 flying wing. During the Korean War, he was assigned to Wright Field and Edwards AFB testing new fighters and bombers.

During the Vietnam War, Cardinas flew F-105 Thunderchief combat missions and then assigned to McConnell AFB as a trainer for the F-105. In 1968, Colonel Cardinas was promoted to Brigadier General and assigned to Command of the Air Force Special Operations Force at Eglin Air Force Base. Following his assignment to Eglin AFB, he became Vice Commander of the 16th Air Force in Spain. There he negotiated with Muammar al-Gaddafi the withdrawal of US forces from Wheelus Air Base in Libya. After his assignment in Spain, General Cardenas was assigned to Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Belgium. At SHAPE, he was the U.S. Deputy to LIVE OAK, a code name for joint military planning operation of the United States, Great Britain and France in response to the Soviet blockade and interference of Western access to Berlin. His final duty assignment was Chief of National Strategic Target List Division, Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff, at Offutt AFB, Nebraska. He retired from the Air Force as a Brigadier General in 1973.

These posts were orginally posted on the ImmigrationProf Blog here, here and here.

About The Author

Kevin R. Johnson is currently Dean, Professor of Law and Chicana/o Studies, and the Mabie-Apallas Public Interest Law Chair holder at the University of California at Davis. He is also one of the editors of ImmigrationProf Blog .

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinion of ILW.COM.

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