-- Answers to
Who. The phrase I thought
is just a modifying insertion. Who is the subject of both who was he and
he was who. Why? Because was is a form of the intransitive be (is,
are, was, were, being, been, and be)
- i.e., was can take no object. Grammar
is not for children.
2. Whom. You is the subject, not who. Whom is the object of the verb
speak. Advice: Try not to separate whom from its preposition.
3. Who. Why? Because this is probably an abbreviation of You know who it
is, where who is the subject of the objective clause. If you insist on
another interpretation, then you may be right, but you may sound wrong.
4. Who. I is the subject, shall say is the verb, and
who is the subject of
the subordinate clause.
5. Who. Who is the subject of the subordinate clause
who is honest.
6. Who. Who is the subject of you are who. Are is intransitive.
should not be used for who with any form of the intransitive verb be.
7. Whom. Rewrite the sentence: This is for whom? Whom is the object of the
preposition for. Both verbs and prepositions can take objects.
8. Whoever. Whoever is the subject of survives. If we drop the word
survives, then an implicit it is will appear to take its place. Grammar is
9. Whom is the object of the transitive verb blamed.
10. Whoever. Whoever is the subject. I respected modifies
11. Who. Who is the subject of are hungry. Otto Jespersen in
Philosophy of Grammar (1924) remarks, ”We think is an insertion that
cannot change anything in relation between the pronoun [who] and are.”
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