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< Back to current issue of Immigration Daily < Back to current issue of Immigrant's Weekly

Presidential Paper Historical Series: 113 - White House Statement On Government Policies To Reduce Immigration

by President Herbert Hoover: 1929-1933

113 - White House Statement on Government Policies To Reduce Immigration
March 26, 1931

PRESIDENT HOOVER, to protect American workingmen from further competition for positions by new alien immigration during the existing conditions of employment, initiated action last September looking to a material reduction in the number of aliens entering this country. At his request, the Department of State examined the operation of the immigration law and reported that the only important provision of the law useful in the circumstances is that one requiring the exclusion of those who are liable to become public charges. Since then consular officials, charged with the duty of issuing visas to intending immigrants, have carefully examined each applicant. A tabulation completed today shows that during the first 5 months ending February 28, 1931, of the administration of the "likely to become a public charge" provision approximately 96,883 aliens did not receive visas who normally would have immigrated into this country.

Reports from American consuls assigned to 21 countries whose annual quotas total 148,466 of the total quota of 153,714 indicate that only 10,277 visas were issued during the 5-month period against a possible 74,233 allowable under law, or an under-issue of 86 percent.

Incomplete reports from the remaining 46 countries with annual quotas totalling 5,248 indicate an issue of 270 visas, a reduction of 90 percent.

Canada and Mexico furnished 70 and 19 percent, respectively, of the 61,504 nonquota visas reported issued during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1930, remaining 11 percent having been issued to natives of Central and South America.

During the 5-month period involved only 3,876 visas were issued to natives of Canada and 884 visas to natives of Mexico, as compared to 15,997 and 19,336 visas, respectively, in the corresponding 5 months of the last completed normal fiscal year, thus representing decreases of 76 and 95 percent.

NOTE: For the inauguration of the new immigration policy, see 1930 volume, Item 288.

            Tables released with the statement follow:

TABLE I.--IMMIGRATION QUOTA VISA STATISTICS

OCTOBER 1930, TO FEBRUARY 1931, INCLUSIVE, COUNTRIES WITH QUOTAS OF 300 OR MORE

See legend and footnotes at end of table.
_______________________________________________________________________



                                                       Preference

Country                   1                2                  3              4              5              6              7              8              9              10
_______________________________________________________________________



Austria                           706          17            14            27            32            90            13            87            05            95
Belgium                          652           9             17            21            57            104          16            84            09            91
Czechoslo-
vakia                               1,437       113          23            273          6              415          29            71            01            99
Denmark                        591          11            24            36            70            141          24            76            13            87
Finland                           284          12            63            47            1              123          43            57            01            99
France                            1,543       14            19            52            221          306          20            80            15            85
Germany                        12, 979    95           51            482          784          1,412       11            89            06            94
Great Britain and
Northern
Ireland                      32, 860        39              4              573          1,819       2,435       07            93            06            94
Greece                      154              74              ......          59            2              135          88          12            09            91
Hungary                  434             133            17            62            14            226          52            48            06            94
Irish Free
State                         8, 927         11              ......          27            283          321          04            96            03            97
Italy                           2, 901         1,097         2              508          70            1,677       58            42            05            95
Lithuania                 193              60              11            49            ......          120          62            38            00            100
Netherlands            1,576           14              32            41            354          441          28            72            24            76
Norway                    1,189          24              43            68            164          299          25            75            16            84
Poland                      3, 262          407            27            194          ......          628          19            81            00            100
Portugal                   220              25              ......          146          ......          171          78            22            00            100
Russia                      1, 392          135            16            81            376          608          44            56            32            68
Sweden                    1,657           14              30            41            193          278          17            83            12            88
Switzerland              853              14              17            30            79            140          16            84            10            90
Yugoslavia              423              70              46            33            58            207          49            51            21            79


Total                   74,233            2,388           456         2,850       4,583       10,277        14           86           07                93
_______________________________________________________________________

Legend:

1:         Half of annual quota 1
2:         Relatives of American citizens
3.         Farmers
4.         Relatives of aliens
5.         Nonpreference
6.         Total quota visas reported issued
7.         Percent issued 2
8.         Percent under-issued 2
9.         Percent nonpreference issued 3
10.        Percent nonpreference under-issued 3


                1 Only 10 percent of quotas which are 300 or over may be issued each month.
                2 Percent of possible issue actually issued or under-issued.
                3 The figures given under column 9 represent the percentage of nonpreference visas issued as compared to the 5 months possible issue after reduction of the preference cases listed under columns 2, 3, and 4. The figures under column 10 represent the corresponding under-issue of visas.

NOTE.--The above figures represent visas actually reported as issued under each quota. In some instances reports on other visas for which quota numbers have been allotted to distant consulates are received by the quota control officers too late for inclusion in reports to the Department of State. The figures given for visas issued are therefore in some cases provisional in character and are slightly less than the total obtained at a later date.

OCTOBER 1930, TO FEBRUARY 1931, INCLUSIVE, COUNTRIES WITH QUOTAS
 OF LESS THAN 300 TOTALING 5,248 ANNUALLY 1

_______________________________________________________________________


   Month     Average     Actual    Numerical
                monthly      issue      decrease
                   issue

_______________________________________________________________________

October           524      101      423
November        525      41        484
December        525      34        491
January           525      55        470
February          525      39        486

Total             2,624     270      2,354

_______________________________________________________________________

1 Includes 46 countries, most of which have quotas of 100 annually.

TABLE III.--NONQUOTA IMMIGRATION VISA STATISTICS REGARDING NATIVES OF CANADA

OCTOBER 1930, TO FEBRUARY 1931, INCLUSIVE, WITH COMPARISON OF SAME PERIOD LAST FISCAL YEAR

_______________________________________________________________________

   Month     5 months     5 months    Numerical
                    ended       issue         decrease
                  2/28/31       2/28/30

_______________________________________________________________________


October        1,608            6,117           4,509
November        808           3, 770     2,962 962
December        603           2,109           1,506
January            483           2,115     1,632 632
February           374         1, 886           1,512

Total             3,876           15,997       12,121

_______________________________________________________________________



TABLE IV.--NONQUOTA IMMIGRATION VISA STATISTICS
 REGARDING NATIVES OF MEXICO

OCTOBER 1930, TO FEBRUARY 1931, INCLUSIVE, WITH COMPARISON OF SAME PERIOD LAST FISCAL YEAR BEFORE THE PRESENT ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES WERE PLACED IN OPERATION

   Month     5 months     5 months    Numerical
                    ended       issue         decrease
                  2/28/31       2/28/30

_______________________________________________________________________


October        236          4,030       3,794
November      189          3,963       3,774
December      217          3,743       3,526
January         157          3,425       3,268
February        85           4,175       4,090

Total             884          19,336     18,452


Reprinted with permission from John Wolley and Gerhard Peters of the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara at the American Presidency Project.


About The Author

This is part of the presidential paper historical series featuring past presidential public papers related to immigration law. The papers of our past Presidents show the impact of immigration law in American history. We thank the efforts of the American Presidency Project who have gathered these important archival documents.


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