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Presidential Paper Historical Series: Limiting the Immigration of Aliens Into the United States on the Basis of National Origin

by President Herbert Hoover: 1929-1933

13 - Proclamation 1872, Limiting the Immigration of Aliens Into the United States on the Basis of National Origin
March 22, 1929

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation:

WHEREAS it is provided in the Act of Congress approved May 26, 1924, entitled "An Act to limit the immigration of aliens into the United States, and for other purposes," as amended by the Joint Resolution of March 4, 1927, entitled "Joint Resolution to amend subdivisions (b) and (e) of Section 11 of the Immigration Act of 1924, as amended," and the Joint Resolution of March 31, 1928, entitled "Joint Resolution to amend subdivisions (b) and (e) of Section 11 of the Immigration Act of 1924, as amended," that--

"The annual quota of any nationality for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1929, and for each fiscal year thereafter, shall be a number which bears the same ratio to 150,000 as the number of inhabitants in continental United States in 1920 having that national origin (ascertained as hereinafter provided in this section) [p.37] bears to the number of inhabitants in continental United States in 1920, but the minimum quota of any nationality shall be 100." Sec. 11(b).

"For the purpose of subdivision (b) national origin shall be ascertained by determining as nearly as may be, in respect of each geographical area which under section 12 is to be treated as a separate country (except the geographical areas specified in subdivision (c) of section 4) the number of inhabitants in continental United States in 1920 whose origin by birth or ancestry is attributable to such geographical area. Such determination shall not be made by tracing the ancestors or descendants of particular individuals, but shall be based upon statistics of immigration and emigration, together with rates of increase of population as shown by successive decennial United States censuses, and such other data as may be found to be reliable." Sec. 11(c).

"For the purpose of subdivisions (b) and (c) the term 'inhabitants in continental United States in 1920' does not include (1) immigrants from the geographical areas specified in subdivision (c) of section 4 or their descendants, (2) aliens ineligible to citizenship or their descendants, (3) the descendants of slave immigrants, or (4) the descendants of American aborigines." Sec. 11(d).

"The determination provided for in subdivision (c) of this section shall be made by the 'Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor, jointly. In making such determination such officials may call for information and expert assistance from the Bureau of the Census. Such officials shall, jointly, report to the President the quota of each nationality, determined as provided in subdivision (b), and the President shall proclaim and make known the quotas so reported. Such proclamation shall be made on or before April 1, 1929. If the proclamation is not made on or before such date, quotas proclaimed therein shall not be in effect for any fiscal year beginning before the expiration of 90 days after the date of the proclamation. After the making of a proclamation under this subdivision the quotas proclaimed therein shall continue with the same effect as if specifically stated herein, and shall be final and conclusive for every purpose except (1) in so far as it is made to appear to the satisfaction of such officials and proclaimed by the President, that an error of  fact has occurred in such determination or in such proclamation, or (2) in the case provided for in subdivision (c) of Section 12. If for any reason quotas proclaimed under this subdivision are not in effect for any fiscal year, quotas for such year shall be determined under subdivision (a) of this section." Sec. 11(e).

AND WHEREAS the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor have reported to the President that pursuant to the duty imposed and the authority conferred upon them in and by the Act approved May 26, 1924, they jointly have made the determination [p.38] required by said Act and fixed the quota of each respective nationality in accordance therewith to be as hereinafter set forth;

Now, THEREFORE, I, HERBERT HOOVER, President of the United States of America, acting under and by virtue of the power in me vested by the aforesaid Act of Congress, do hereby proclaim and make known that the annual quota of each nationality for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1929, and for each fiscal year thereafter, has been determined in accordance with the law to be, and shall be, as follows:

NATIONAL ORIGIN IMMIGRATION QUOTAS

Country or Area           Quota

Afghanistan       100

Albania.            100

Andorra           100

Arabian peninsula         100

Armenia           100

Australia (including Tasmania, Papua, and all islands ap-

pertaining to Australia)  100

Austria 1,413

Belgium            1,304

Bhutan  100

Bulgaria            100

Cameroon (British mandate)     100

Cameroon (French mandate)    100

China   100

Czechoslovakia            2, 874

Danzig, Free City of      100

Denmark          1,181

Egypt   100

Estonia 116

Ethiopia (Abyssinia)      100

Finland 569

France  3, 086

Germany          25, 957

Great Britain and Northern Ireland        65, 721

Country or Area           Quota

Greece 307

Hungary           869

Iceland 100

India     100

Iraq (Mesopotamia)      100

Irish Free State 17,853

Italy      5,802

Japan   100

Latvia   236

Liberia  100

Liechtenstein     100

Lithuania           386

Luxemburg       100

Monaco           100

Morocco (French and Spanish Zones and Tangier)        100

Muscat (Oman)            100

Nauru (British mandate)            100

Nepal   100

Netherlands      3,153

New Zealand    100

Norway            2,377

New Guinea, Territory of (including appertaining islands)

(Australian mandate)     100

Palestine (with Trans-Jordan) (British mandate) 100

Persia   100

Poland  6,524

Portuga            1440

Ruanda and Urundi (Belgian mandate)   100

Rumania           295

Russia, European and Asiatic    2,784

Samoa, Western (mandate of New Zealand)     100

San Marino      100

Siam     100

South Africa, Union of  100

            Country or Area           Quota

            South West Africa (mandate of the Union of South Africa)        100

            Spain    252

            Sweden            3,314

            Switzerland       1,707

            Syria and the Lebanon (French mandate)          123

            Tanganyika (British mandate)    100

            Togoland (British mandate)       100

            Togoland (French mandate)      100

            Turkey             226

            Yap and other Pacific Islands under Japanese mandate  100

            Yugoslavia        845

All quotas hereby established are available only for persons who are eligible to citizenship in the United States and admissible under the immigration laws of the United States.

The immigration quotas assigned to the various countries and quota-areas are not to be regarded as having any political significance whatever, or as involving recognition of new governments, or of new boundaries, or of transfers of territory, except as the United States Government has already made such recognition in a formal and official manner.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington, this 22d day of March, in the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twenty-nine and of the Independence of the United States of America the one-hundred and fifty-third.[SEAL]

HERBERT HOOVER

By the President:

FRANK B. KELLOGG

Secretary of State

Reprinted with permission from John Wolley and Gerhard Peters of the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara at the American Presidency Project.


About The Author

This is part of the presidential paper historical series featuring past presidential public papers related to immigration law. The papers of our past Presidents show the impact of immigration law in American history. We thank the efforts of the American Presidency Project who have gathered these important archival documents.


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